CN110405523A - A kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit - Google Patents

A kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110405523A
CN110405523A CN201910615973.9A CN201910615973A CN110405523A CN 110405523 A CN110405523 A CN 110405523A CN 201910615973 A CN201910615973 A CN 201910615973A CN 110405523 A CN110405523 A CN 110405523A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
machine tool
numerically
automatic telescopic
controlled machine
extraction unit
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910615973.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱郁涵
臧照良
吴跃新
康磊
黄晨洋
方子璇
周小雪
王跃宇
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Maritime University
Original Assignee
Shanghai Maritime University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Maritime University filed Critical Shanghai Maritime University
Priority to CN201910615973.9A priority Critical patent/CN110405523A/en
Publication of CN110405523A publication Critical patent/CN110405523A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • B23Q11/005Devices for removing chips by blowing

Abstract

The present invention relates to numerical control machine tool technique fields, specifically disclose a kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit, including support baseboard, the bottom end of the support baseboard is equipped with wheel, the upper surface of the support baseboard is equipped with automatic telescopic column, it is respectively equipped on the automatic telescopic column and sweeps dirt cleaning mechanism and air blowing dedusting mechanism, the air blowing dedusting mechanism is located at the top for sweeping dirt cleaning mechanism.Present invention is specifically directed to the dust retained in existing numerically-controlled machine tool not easy cleanings, it is easy to influence the working efficiency of lathe, endangers the problems such as health of staff, utilize the device, compared to more existing hand-driven dust, significantly improve efficiency of dust collection, save labor cost, it can be moved easily by wheel, the numerically-controlled machine tool of different height can be directed to using automatic telescopic column, recycling sweeps dirt cleaning mechanism and air blowing dedusting mechanism combines, efficiency of dust collection is significantly improved, dedusting dead angle is avoided.

Description

A kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to numerical control machine tool technique field, specifically a kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit.
Background technique
Numerically-controlled machine tool is the abbreviation of numerically-controlled machine tool, is a kind of automated machine tool equipped with program control system, is energy Various control signals are enough issued by numerical control device by calculation process, control the movement of lathe, according to drawing requirement shape and Size, a kind of electromechanical integration equipment for automatically processing part, numerically-controlled machine tool can preferably solve complicated, accurate Part processing problems have in modern mechanical production equipment and are extremely widely applied.
But existing numerically-controlled machine tool is when processing part, it will usually generate a large amount of dust, four dusts for dissipating floating are fallen When on numerically-controlled machine tool, not only process can also will affect to the healthy harmful of staff, but since dust is easy It is deposited in each corner of lathe, when manually sweeping, cumbersome and inconvenient and low efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction units, to solve mentioned above in the background art ask Topic.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
The bottom end of a kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit, including support baseboard, the support baseboard is equipped with wheel, the support The upper surface of bottom plate is equipped with automatic telescopic column, is respectively equipped on the automatic telescopic column and sweeps dirt cleaning mechanism and air blowing dedusting Mechanism, the air blowing dedusting mechanism are located at the top for sweeping dirt cleaning mechanism.
As a further solution of the present invention: the automatic telescopic column is located at the side of the support baseboard upper surface.
As a further solution of the present invention: the dirt cleaning mechanism of sweeping includes swivel becket, on the side wall of the swivel becket It is fixed with the first automatic telescopic plate;
The top of the first automatic telescopic plate is fixed with motor, and the output end of the motor is driven by shaft coupling and shaft Dynamic connection, the bottom end of the shaft are fixed with cleaning deskitte, and the bottom end of the cleaning deskitte is equipped with cleaning cloth.
As a further solution of the present invention: the cylinder of the swivel becket and the automatic telescopic column is rotatablely connected.
As a further solution of the present invention: the air blowing dedusting mechanism includes being fixed on the automatic telescopic column top The second automatic telescopic plate, the bottom end of the second automatic telescopic plate is fixed with out compression ring, it is described go out compression ring center pass through branch Pipe is connected with exhaust supervisor;
The bottom end of the exhaust supervisor and out compression ring offers puff prot;
The upper surface of the exhaust supervisor is equipped with air pump, and the gas outlet of the air pump is equipped with escape pipe and the exhaust supervisor It is connected.
As a further solution of the present invention: the second automatic telescopic plate is located at the upper surface of the support baseboard.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, the numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit, by the way that automatic telescopic column is mounted on the side of support baseboard, the other side It vacates, in specific works, support baseboard is placed on to the bottom end for needing the numerically-controlled machine tool of dedusting, automatic telescopic column is located at number The side for controlling lathe recycles the height of lathe to start automatic telescopic column, until sweeping dirt cleaner on automatic telescopic column Structure and air blowing dedusting mechanism can be dusted lathe;
2, by the way that the first automatic telescopic plate to be turned to the surface of numerically-controlled machine tool, starting automatic telescopic column is until cleaning The cleaning cloth at end of trying to get to the heart of a matter can touch the surface of numerically-controlled machine tool, restart the control of the first automatic telescopic plate and sweep dirt cleaning mechanism energy Enough alignments need the region of dedusting, after starting motor, drive shaft rotation, so that the cleaning cloth of cleaning deskitte bottom end is driven to rotate, Dust on numerically-controlled machine tool is cleaned, after the completion of cleaning, by pushing the first automatic telescopic plate that this is swept dirt cleaning mechanism It turns in the opposite direction of numerically-controlled machine tool, prevents from influencing subsequent dedusting work;
3, by booster air pump, gas is transmitted in exhaust supervisor by escape pipe, branch pipe is recycled to be transmitted to out compression ring In, and be sprayed on numerically-controlled machine tool using the puff prot of bottom end, numerically-controlled machine tool is not easy to be removed by the angle that cleaning cloth cleans Dirt cleaning, improves the efficiency of dedusting.
Detailed description of the invention
It to describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, below will be to embodiment or description of the prior art Needed in attached drawing be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only of the invention some Embodiment.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit.
Fig. 2 is the bottom view of exhaust supervisor in numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit.
In figure: 1- support baseboard, 2- wheel, 3- automatic telescopic column, 4- swivel becket, 5- the first automatic telescopic plate, 6- electricity Machine, 7- shaft, 8- cleaning deskitte, 9- cleaning cloth, 10- the second automatic telescopic plate, 11- exhaust supervisor, 12- branch pipe, 13- go out compression ring, 14- puff prot, 15- air pump, 16- escape pipe.
Specific embodiment
In order to which technical problems, technical solutions and advantages to be solved are more clearly understood, tie below Accompanying drawings and embodiments are closed, the present invention will be described in further detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only To explain the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Please refer to Fig. 1~2, in one embodiment provided by the invention, a kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit, including support bottom Plate 1, the bottom end of the support baseboard 1 are equipped with wheel 2, and the upper surface of the support baseboard 1 is equipped with automatic telescopic column 3, described It is respectively equipped on automatic telescopic column 3 and sweeps dirt cleaning mechanism and air blowing dedusting mechanism, the air blowing dedusting mechanism is located at described sweep The top of dirt cleaning mechanism.
The numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit is easy shadow specifically for the dust retained in existing numerically-controlled machine tool not easy cleaning It rings the working efficiency of lathe, endanger the problems such as health of staff, using the device, removed manually compared to more existing Dirt significantly improves efficiency of dust collection, saves labor cost, can be moved easily by wheel 2, utilizes automatic telescopic column 3 can be directed to the numerically-controlled machine tool of different height, and recycling sweeps dirt cleaning mechanism and air blowing dedusting mechanism combines, and significantly improves dedusting Efficiency avoids dedusting dead angle.
Further, the automatic telescopic column 3 is located at the side of 1 upper surface of support baseboard.
Automatic telescopic column 3 is mounted on the side of support baseboard 1, the other side is vacated, and in specific works, will be supported Bottom plate 1 is placed on the bottom end for needing the numerically-controlled machine tool of dedusting, and automatic telescopic column 3 is located at the side of numerically-controlled machine tool, recycles machine Bed height start automatic telescopic column 3, until on automatic telescopic column 3 sweep dirt cleaning mechanism and air blowing dedusting mechanism can Lathe is dusted.
Further, the dirt cleaning mechanism of sweeping includes swivel becket 4, and first is fixed on the side wall of the swivel becket 4 certainly Dynamic expansion plate 5;The top of the first automatic telescopic plate 5 is fixed with motor 6, the output end of the motor 6 by shaft coupling with Shaft 7 is drivingly connected, and the bottom end of the shaft 7 is fixed with cleaning deskitte 8, and the bottom end of the cleaning deskitte 8 is equipped with cleaning cloth 9.
Specifically, the cylinder of the swivel becket 4 and the automatic telescopic column 3 is rotatablely connected.
After the completion of preparation work, the first automatic telescopic plate 5 is turned to the surface of numerically-controlled machine tool, starting automatic telescopic is vertical Column 3 can touch the surface of numerically-controlled machine tool until the cleaning cloth 9 of 8 bottom end of cleaning deskitte, recycle the first automatic telescopic plate 5 of starting Dirt cleaning mechanism is swept in control can be directed at the region for needing dedusting;
After starting motor 6, shaft 7 is driven to rotate, to drive the cleaning cloth 9 of 8 bottom end of cleaning deskitte to rotate, to numerically-controlled machine tool On dust cleaned, after the completion of cleaning, by pushing the first automatic telescopic plate 5 this is swept dirt cleaning mechanism to turn to numerical control In the opposite direction of lathe, prevent from influencing subsequent dedusting work.
Embodiment 2
Please refer to Fig. 1~2, in further embodiment provided by the invention, the air blowing dedusting mechanism includes being fixed on institute The second automatic telescopic plate 10 on 3 top of automatic telescopic column is stated, the bottom end of the second automatic telescopic plate 10 is fixed with out compression ring 13, the center of the compression ring 13 out is connected with exhaust supervisor 11 by branch pipe 12;The exhaust supervisor 11 and the out bottom of compression ring 13 End offers puff prot 14;The upper surface of the exhaust supervisor 11 is equipped with air pump 15, and the gas outlet of the air pump 15 is equipped with outlet Pipe 16 is connected with the exhaust supervisor 11.
Specifically, the second automatic telescopic plate 10 is located at the upper surface of the support baseboard 1.
After the completion of sweeping dirt cleaning, gas is transmitted in exhaust supervisor 11 by booster air pump 15, air pump 15 by escape pipe 16, then It is transmitted to out in compression ring 13 using branch pipe 12, and is sprayed on numerically-controlled machine tool using the puff prot of bottom end 14, not to numerically-controlled machine tool Cleaning is easily dusted by the angle that cleaning cloth 9 cleans, improves the efficiency of dedusting.
The electric elements occurred in this article are electrically connected with extraneous main controller and 220V alternating current, and main controller can be meter Calculation machine etc. plays the conventionally known equipment of control.
In the description of the present invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection " are answered It is interpreted broadly, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can be mechanical connect It connects, is also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, can also can be in two elements indirectly connected through an intermediary The connection in portion.For the ordinary skill in the art, the tool of above-mentioned term in the present invention can be understood with concrete condition Body meaning.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention within mind and principle.

Claims (6)

1. the bottom end of a kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit, including support baseboard (1), the support baseboard (1) is equipped with wheel (2), It is characterized in that, the upper surface of the support baseboard (1) is equipped with automatic telescopic column (3), divide on the automatic telescopic column (3) Dirt cleaning mechanism and air blowing dedusting mechanism She You not be swept, the air blowing dedusting mechanism is located at the top for sweeping dirt cleaning mechanism.
2. numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the automatic telescopic column (3) is located at The side of support baseboard (1) upper surface.
3. numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the dirt cleaning mechanism of sweeping includes rotation Ring (4) is fixed with the first automatic telescopic plate (5) on the side wall of the swivel becket (4);
The top of the first automatic telescopic plate (5) is fixed with motor (6), the output end of the motor (6) by shaft coupling with Shaft (7) is drivingly connected, and the bottom end of the shaft (7) is fixed with cleaning deskitte (8), and the bottom end of the cleaning deskitte (8) is equipped with cleaning Cloth (9).
4. numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the swivel becket (4) and described automatic The cylinder of telescopic column (3) is rotatablely connected.
5. numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit according to any one of claims 1 to 4, which is characterized in that the air blowing dedusting mechanism The second automatic telescopic plate (10) including being fixed on automatic telescopic column (3) top, the second automatic telescopic plate (10) Bottom end be fixed with out compression ring (13), it is described go out compression ring (13) center be connected with exhaust supervisor (11) by branch pipe (12);
The exhaust supervisor (11) and the bottom end of compression ring (13) offers puff prot (14) out;
The upper surface of the exhaust supervisor (11) is equipped with air pump (15), the gas outlet of the air pump (15) be equipped with escape pipe (16) with The exhaust supervisor (11) is connected.
6. numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the second automatic telescopic plate (10) position In the upper surface of the support baseboard (1).
CN201910615973.9A 2019-07-09 2019-07-09 A kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit Pending CN110405523A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910615973.9A CN110405523A (en) 2019-07-09 2019-07-09 A kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910615973.9A CN110405523A (en) 2019-07-09 2019-07-09 A kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110405523A true CN110405523A (en) 2019-11-05

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910615973.9A Pending CN110405523A (en) 2019-07-09 2019-07-09 A kind of numerically-controlled machine tool dust-extraction unit

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111495091A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-08-07 吉林大学 Numerical control machine tool dust removal device designed for equipment reliability and personnel safety

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111495091A (en) * 2020-03-05 2020-08-07 吉林大学 Numerical control machine tool dust removal device designed for equipment reliability and personnel safety

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