CN110402864A - A kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method - Google Patents

A kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110402864A
CN110402864A CN201910825250.1A CN201910825250A CN110402864A CN 110402864 A CN110402864 A CN 110402864A CN 201910825250 A CN201910825250 A CN 201910825250A CN 110402864 A CN110402864 A CN 110402864A
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China
Prior art keywords
shrimp
biological flocculation
cultivation pool
water
pool
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CN201910825250.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李允宰
金文杰
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Ningxia Tianrong Modern Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Ningxia Tianrong Modern Agricultural Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910825250.1A priority Critical patent/CN110402864A/en
Publication of CN110402864A publication Critical patent/CN110402864A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/59Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of crustaceans, e.g. lobsters or shrimps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/12Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes by fermentation of natural products, e.g. of vegetable material, animal waste material or biomass
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/30Aerobic and anaerobic processes
    • C02F3/302Nitrification and denitrification treatment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/16Nitrogen compounds, e.g. ammonia
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/16Nitrogen compounds, e.g. ammonia
    • C02F2101/166Nitrites
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/20Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from animal husbandry
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures

Abstract

This application discloses a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming methods, by building shrimp-cultivation pool, dividing strip is set, the mode that venturi ejector makes the water in shrimp-cultivation pool form circulation churns water to come, so that biological flocculation suspension avoids precipitating from causing to lose water, training water is sufficiently formed biological flocculation, and to avoid biological flocculation from being formed not perfect, after starting to feed feed, 2-3 week generates ammonia nitrogen, nitrite, lead to shrimp seedling stress be even dead, timing detection biological flocculation amount can adjust in time measure when biological flocculation amount changes, purification passes through precipitating, nitrification, denitrification, it removes the biological flocculation of excess enthalpy but not completely removes biological flocculation, reduce the ammonia nitrogen in water, water is sent back in shrimp-cultivation pool by venturi ejector again after nitrite, a complete biological flocculation breeding environment is constituted in this way, it compares In traditional cultural method, biological flocculation amount is more stably and controllable, is not in that the quantity of biological flocculation die-offs and destroys stable situation and occur.

Description

A kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method
Technical field
This application involves feeding shrimp field more particularly to a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming methods.
Background technique
Biological flocculation technology (BFT) is the activated sludge technology used for reference in municipal sewage treatment, by artificially to cultivation water It is added in body organic carbonizable substance (such as molasses, glucose), adjusts the carbon-nitrogen ratio (C/N) in water body, it is thin to improve heterotrophism in water body The nitrogenous compounds such as ammonia nitrogen in water body are converted to mycoprotein, formation can using microbial assimilation inorganic nitrogen by the quantity of bacterium The biological floes directly ingested by filter-feeding cultivation object, are able to solve detritus and feed retention problems in breeding water body, real The recycling of existing bait plays and purifies water, reduces quantity of exchanged water, saves feed, improves cultivation object survival rate and increase yield The effects of a technology.It is most of to use carbon-nitrogen ratio Control Cooling biological flocculation aquaculture model, often cultivated in after The puzzlement of phase high nitrite.This can promote them to have to solve this problem by changing water, and this is but also this mould Formula is more like " half biological flocculation aquaculture model ".Water is largely changed in breeding process not only can significantly reduce the influence life of biological flocculation amount Object safety also makes cost repeatedly into being substantially increased during draining and filtering.In addition, high quantity of exchanged water has also been upset in pond The ecological balance of water reduces the production capacity of shrimp-cultivation pool.So needing to find a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation Shrimp farming method, to solve the above problems.
Summary of the invention
This application provides a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method, solve biological in the prior art Floc sedimentation amount controls the improper problem for causing shrimp death.
This application provides a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming methods, include the following steps:
S1: building batch production racetrack shrimp-cultivation pool, and dividing strip be arranged in shrimp-cultivation pool, and dividing strip is located in shrimp-cultivation pool Between, dividing strip is not contacted with the pool wall of shrimp-cultivation pool, and there are gap between pool wall, along pool wall it is down-set it is several uniformly point Cloth water inlet pipe, water inlet pipe bend in a certain angle, the head end connection water inlet of water inlet pipe at lower end into shrimp-cultivation pool at dividing strip General pipeline, tail end connect venturi ejector, and the water inlet manifold is fixed on the pool wall of shrimp-cultivation pool and around pool wall one week, in feeding shrimp Centrifugal pump is set in pond, and the water in shrimp-cultivation pool is led to after purification system purifies and sent to water inlet manifold by centrifugal pump;
S2: filling the water into shrimp-cultivation pool, and control water temperature control start at 20 DEG C train water, in shrimp-cultivation pool be added calcium, magnesium, Potassium inorganic compound or sea crystal, and adjust calcium: magnesium: potassium adds heterotroph and autotrophic bacterium is trained than the ratio to 1:3:1 It supports, ferment rice bran is periodically added into shrimp-cultivation pool daily and generates biological flocculation, continues 30-40 days;
S3: putting into shrimp seedling into shrimp-cultivation pool, controls the temperature in shrimp-cultivation pool at 28-30 DEG C, then timing is into shrimp-cultivation pool Launch feed, ferment rice bran;
S4: the biological flocculation amount in timing detection shrimp-cultivation pool, and adjust, when biological flocculation amount is exceeded in shrimp-cultivation pool Accelerate purification speed, increases the feed launched, ferment rice bran when biological flocculation amount deficiency in shrimp-cultivation pool.
Further, a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method, the purification system include precipitating, nitre Change, denitrification.
Further, a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method keeps biology wadding during the training water Group's amount is in 0.5ml/L or less.
Further, the carbon-nitrogen ratio of a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method, the feed is 8-10: 1。
Further, a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method, the carbon-nitrogen ratio of water in the shrimp-cultivation pool For 12-15:1.
Further, a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method, the 1-2 month of the shrimp seedling after dispensing Biological flocculation amount in interior shrimp-cultivation pool is 3-5ml/L, and biological flocculation amount of the shrimp seedling after dispensing in the 2-4 month in shrimp-cultivation pool is 8-15ml/L。
From the above technical scheme, this application provides a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method, Dividing strip is set by building shrimp-cultivation pool, the mode that venturi ejector makes the water in shrimp-cultivation pool form circulation churns water Come, so that biological flocculation suspension avoids precipitating from causing to lose water, training water is sufficiently formed biological flocculation, and to avoid biological flocculation from being formed endless Kind, after starting to feed feed, 2-3 week generates ammonia nitrogen, nitrite, leads to stress even dead, periodically detecting for shrimp seedling Biological flocculation amount can adjust in time measure when biological flocculation amount changes, purification passes through precipitating, nitrification, denitrification, It removes the biological flocculation of excess enthalpy but not completely removes biological flocculation, reduce the ammonia nitrogen in water, again pass through water after nitrite Venturi ejector is sent back in shrimp-cultivation pool, constitutes a complete biological flocculation breeding environment in this way.It is provided by the present application complete Biological flocculation breeding environment, compared to traditional breeding way, biological flocculation amount is more stably and controllable, and net to water It is not in that the quantity of biological flocculation die-offs and destroys stable situation and occur when change.
Specific embodiment
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solutions in the application, will implement below to the application Technical solution in example is clearly and completely described.
From the above technical scheme, a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method, which is characterized in that packet Include following steps:
S1: building batch production racetrack shrimp-cultivation pool, and dividing strip be arranged in shrimp-cultivation pool, and dividing strip is located in shrimp-cultivation pool Between, dividing strip is not contacted with the pool wall of shrimp-cultivation pool, and there are gap between pool wall, along pool wall it is down-set it is several uniformly point Cloth water inlet pipe, water inlet pipe bend in a certain angle, the head end connection water inlet of water inlet pipe at lower end into shrimp-cultivation pool at dividing strip General pipeline, tail end connect venturi ejector, and the water inlet manifold is fixed on the pool wall of shrimp-cultivation pool and around pool wall one week, in feeding shrimp Centrifugal pump is set in pond, and the water in shrimp-cultivation pool is led to after purification system purifies and sent to water inlet manifold by centrifugal pump;
S2: filling the water into shrimp-cultivation pool, and control water temperature control start at 20 DEG C train water, in shrimp-cultivation pool be added calcium, magnesium, Potassium inorganic compound or sea crystal, and adjust calcium: magnesium: potassium adds heterotroph and autotrophic bacterium is trained than the ratio to 1:3:1 It supports, ferment rice bran is periodically added into shrimp-cultivation pool daily and generates biological flocculation, continues 30-40 days;
S3: putting into shrimp seedling into shrimp-cultivation pool, controls the temperature in shrimp-cultivation pool at 28-30 DEG C, then timing is into shrimp-cultivation pool Launch feed, ferment rice bran;
S4: the biological flocculation amount in timing detection shrimp-cultivation pool, and adjust, when biological flocculation amount is exceeded in shrimp-cultivation pool Accelerate purification speed, increases the feed launched, ferment rice bran when biological flocculation amount deficiency in shrimp-cultivation pool.
Biological flocculation shrimp raising technology must mating reasonable equipment, be just able to satisfy water body seethe, circulation, make biological wadding Group is basic to suspend, and is distributed to entire water body, sufficiently plays the role of biological flocculation nitrification and denitrification.There is biological flocculation and organic again Composition granule does not precipitate, and prevents bottom of pond from polluting.So building matched shrimp-cultivation pool, dividing strip, venturi ejector, dividing strip are set It is in a strip shape at the center of shrimp-cultivation pool, it is shrimp-cultivation pool is not completely separated, between the both ends and shrimp-cultivation pool of dividing strip there are compared with Big gap, gap are preferably dimensioned to be 1/10th of shrimp-cultivation pool length, and the distance between each venturi ejector is preferred 1.5m accompanies the water time to be sufficiently sufficiently formed biological flocculation, ammonia nitrogen is had to pass through when accompanying water and nitrite rises before putting seedling With fall, the stabilization sub stage, the periodic detection when training water, understand shrimp-cultivation pool in situation, in this way could breeding water body stabilization, as long as Floc sedimentation amount has been managed during supporting shrimp, water quality has been basically unchanged.Zero changes under the conditions of water and can smoothly raise one batch of shrimp, stable biology Floc sedimentation cultivation water can recycle regrowth hair or more.
Preferably, the purification system includes precipitating, nitrification, denitrification.
Preferably, keep biological flocculation amount in 0.5ml/L or less during the training water.
Preferably, the carbon-nitrogen ratio of the feed is 8-10:1.
Preferably, the carbon-nitrogen ratio of water is 12-15:1 in the shrimp-cultivation pool.
Most critical is adjustment carbon-nitrogen ratio in biological flocculation breeding process.Carbon-nitrogen ratio in feed is big according to the content of protein Generally in 8-10:1, cultivate the water body carbon-nitrogen ratio control of biological flocculation 12-15:1 preferably, insufficient carbon very important person is addition.Fermentation The carbon source consumption of rice bran continues slowly, and the consumption of the carbon sources such as glucose, brown sugar, malt sugar is fast, and effect is also fast.Using ferment rice bran and Portugal The method that grape sugar uses simultaneously, can be quick, and there are also persistence.When adding carbon source, it is necessary to be slowly added, under not so dissolved oxygen is very fast Drop leads to shrimp-roe hypoxia death.
Preferably, biological flocculation amount of the shrimp seedling in the 1-2 month after dispensing in shrimp-cultivation pool is 3-5ml/L, the shrimp Biological flocculation amount of the seedling after dispensing in the 2-4 month in shrimp-cultivation pool is 8-15ml/L.The amount that shrimp seedling launches initial stage biological flocculation is general Control is controlled at the shrimp aquaculture phase in 8-15ml/L in 3-5ml/L.
Those skilled in the art will readily occur to its of the application after considering specification and practicing application disclosed herein Its embodiment.This application is intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptations of the application, these modifications, purposes or Person's adaptive change follows the general principle of the application and including the undocumented common knowledge in the art of the application Or conventional techniques.The description and examples are only to be considered as illustrative, and the true scope of the application is pointed out by claim.
It should be understood that the application is not limited to the structure being described above, and its model can not departed from It encloses and carry out various modifications and change.Above-described the application embodiment does not constitute the restriction to the application protection scope.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method, which comprises the steps of:
S1: building batch production racetrack shrimp-cultivation pool, and dividing strip be arranged in shrimp-cultivation pool, and dividing strip is located among shrimp-cultivation pool, point Do not contacted with the pool wall of shrimp-cultivation pool every band, and there are gap between pool wall, along pool wall it is down-set it is several be uniformly distributed into Water pipe, water inlet pipe bend in a certain angle, the head end connection water inlet manifold of water inlet pipe at lower end into shrimp-cultivation pool at dividing strip, Tail end connects venturi ejector, and the water inlet manifold is fixed on the pool wall of shrimp-cultivation pool and around pool wall one week, in shrimp-cultivation pool Centrifugal pump is set, and the water in shrimp-cultivation pool is led to after purification system purifies and sent to water inlet manifold by centrifugal pump;
S2: filling the water into shrimp-cultivation pool, and control water temperature control start at 20 DEG C train water, in shrimp-cultivation pool be added calcium, magnesium, potassium without Machine compound or sea crystal, and adjust calcium: magnesium: potassium adds heterotroph and autotrophic bacterium is cultivated than the ratio to 1:3:1, Ferment rice bran is periodically added into shrimp-cultivation pool daily and generates biological flocculation, continues 30-40 days;
S3: putting into shrimp seedling into shrimp-cultivation pool, controls the temperature in shrimp-cultivation pool at 28-30 DEG C, then timing is launched into shrimp-cultivation pool Feed, ferment rice bran;
S4: the biological flocculation amount in timing detection shrimp-cultivation pool, and adjust, accelerate when biological flocculation amount is exceeded in shrimp-cultivation pool Purification speed increases the feed launched, ferment rice bran when biological flocculation amount deficiency in shrimp-cultivation pool.
2. a kind of batch production racetrack inland according to claim 1 biological flocculation shrimp farming method, which is characterized in that described Purification system includes precipitating, nitrification, denitrification.
3. a kind of batch production racetrack inland according to claim 1 biological flocculation shrimp farming method, which is characterized in that described Keep biological flocculation amount in 0.5ml/L or less during training water.
4. a kind of batch production racetrack inland according to claim 1 biological flocculation shrimp farming method, which is characterized in that described The carbon-nitrogen ratio of feed is 8-10:1.
5. a kind of batch production racetrack inland according to claim 1 biological flocculation shrimp farming method, which is characterized in that described The carbon-nitrogen ratio of water is 12-15:1 in shrimp-cultivation pool.
6. a kind of batch production racetrack inland according to claim 1 biological flocculation shrimp farming method, which is characterized in that described Biological flocculation amount of the shrimp seedling in the 1-2 month after dispensing in shrimp-cultivation pool is 3-5ml/L, and the shrimp seedling is supported in the 2-4 month after dispensing Biological flocculation amount in shrimp ponds is 8-15ml/L.
CN201910825250.1A 2019-09-03 2019-09-03 A kind of batch production racetrack inland biological flocculation shrimp farming method Pending CN110402864A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009071296A (en) * 2007-08-20 2009-04-02 Chem Art Technol:Kk Etching solution reproducing apparatus
CN102550475A (en) * 2012-02-09 2012-07-11 厦门大学 Water quality control method for indoor cultivation of Penacus orientalis
CN105707016A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-06-29 天津科技大学 Method for artemia culture in high salinity environment
CN105746393A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-13 上海海洋大学 Circulating water runway type shrimp aquaculture system and circulating water runway type shrimp aquaculture method
CN106172166A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 A kind of three-dimensional aeration system being applicable to biological flocculation breeding way and oxygenation method
CN106259137A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-04 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 A kind of racetrack high density closes aquaculture system and the method for aquatic

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009071296A (en) * 2007-08-20 2009-04-02 Chem Art Technol:Kk Etching solution reproducing apparatus
CN102550475A (en) * 2012-02-09 2012-07-11 厦门大学 Water quality control method for indoor cultivation of Penacus orientalis
CN105746393A (en) * 2016-03-01 2016-07-13 上海海洋大学 Circulating water runway type shrimp aquaculture system and circulating water runway type shrimp aquaculture method
CN105707016A (en) * 2016-03-08 2016-06-29 天津科技大学 Method for artemia culture in high salinity environment
CN106172166A (en) * 2016-07-07 2016-12-07 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 A kind of three-dimensional aeration system being applicable to biological flocculation breeding way and oxygenation method
CN106259137A (en) * 2016-08-09 2017-01-04 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 A kind of racetrack high density closes aquaculture system and the method for aquatic

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