CN110402667A - A kind of water-fertilizer integral control device and method - Google Patents

A kind of water-fertilizer integral control device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110402667A
CN110402667A CN201910821311.7A CN201910821311A CN110402667A CN 110402667 A CN110402667 A CN 110402667A CN 201910821311 A CN201910821311 A CN 201910821311A CN 110402667 A CN110402667 A CN 110402667A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
water
return stirring
mixing barrel
pipeline
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Pending
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CN201910821311.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李天华
方枞胜
侯加林
施国英
杨凤娟
周凯
张观山
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Shandong Agricultural University
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Application filed by Shandong Agricultural University filed Critical Shandong Agricultural University
Priority to CN201910821311.7A priority Critical patent/CN110402667A/en
Publication of CN110402667A publication Critical patent/CN110402667A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/007Metering or regulating systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/042Adding fertiliser to watering systems

Abstract

This application discloses a kind of water-fertilizer integral control device and methods, water-fertilizer integral control includes original liquid box, original liquid box is provided with the first return stirring pipeline and the first water inlet line, the fertilizer-mixing barrel being connected with original liquid box, fertilizer-mixing barrel is provided with the second return stirring pipeline and the second water inlet line, flow-control equipment is provided on water inlet line and return stirring pipeline, liquid manure data detection device is provided on second return stirring pipeline, flow-control equipment and liquid manure data detection device are electrically connected with the controller.Controller original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel are provided with return stirring channel, realize the stirring of liquid manure different phase.The water in original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel is entered by flow-control equipment control, and then dose can be controlled.Liquid manure data detection device will can determine the concentration of fertilizer in fertilizer-mixing barrel, and the liquid manure concentration for deploying suitable Different Crop may be implemented by the inflow that controller and flow-control equipment control the second water inlet line.

Description

A kind of water-fertilizer integral control device and method
Technical field
This application involves agricultural irrigation technical field of fertilizer application, and in particular to a kind of water-fertilizer integral control device and method.
Background technique
During crop-planting, fertigation is a highly important link.Wherein, water-fertilizer integral control system The fertilizer efficiency of fertigation is fast, and plant recovery of nutrient improves.Fertilizer is avoided to apply in the easily caused volatilization loss of more dry topsoil, dissolution Slowly, final fertilizer efficiency plays slow problem.It specifically avoids ammonium state and urea nitrogen fertilizer is applied the earth's surface volatilization loss the problem of, both saved About nitrogenous fertilizer is conducive to environmental protection again, so the Integration of Water into Fertilizer increases substantially the utilization rate of fertilizer, greatly reduces Water pollution problem caused by due to excessive fertilization, can reach the good target of yield and quality of crop in production.
But existing water-fertilizer integral control system has the following problems: most of water-fertilizer integral control system is using text Fertilizer applicator in mound, Development of Venturi Fertilizer Applicator have cheap, and easy to use, fertilising concentration is stablized, the features such as without additionaling power, But the pressure loss is larger when working, and is typically adapted to the little occasion of irrigated area area.And existing water-fertilizer integral control system System needs the concentration of manual operation adjusting liquid manure, and this mode is time-consuming and laborious.It may require that during some plant growths soluble solid Body fertilizer, needs for it and water to be sufficiently mixed dissolution before fertigation, the preferable hybrid mode of tradition be use agitating paddle or its Stirring and dissolving, although this agitating mode can obtain good mixing effect, it needs to add additional motor driven stirring Paddle increases equipment cost and system complexity, causes motor power superfluous.
Dimension is badly in need of a kind of liquid manure concentration for capableing of the suitable Different Crop of automatic governing, quantitative fertilization, liquid manure mixed effect Good, suitable for large area fertilising water-fertilizer integral control system.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem the application, proposes following technical solution:
In a first aspect, the embodiment of the present application provides a kind of water-fertilizer integral control device, including original liquid box, the stoste Bucket is provided with the first return stirring pipeline and the first water inlet line, the fertilizer-mixing barrel being connected with the original liquid box, the fertilizer-mixing barrel It is provided with the second return stirring pipeline and the second water inlet line, is provided with liquid manure Data Detection on the second return stirring pipeline Device, the liquid manure data detection device are electrically connected with the controller.
Using above-mentioned implementation, original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel are provided with return stirring channel, realize liquid manure not same order The stirring of section.The water in original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel is entered by the first water inlet line and the control of the second water inlet line, in turn Dose can be controlled.Liquid manure data detection device will can determine the concentration of fertilizer in fertilizer-mixing barrel, pass through controller The inflow for controlling the second water inlet line may be implemented to deploy the liquid manure concentration of suitable Different Crop.
With reference to first aspect, in a first possible implementation of that first aspect, the original liquid box and the fertilizer-mixing barrel Between be provided with magnetic drive pump, the magnetic drive pump respectively with the fertilizer producing tube road of the original liquid box, the first return stirring pipeline One end is connected with one end of connecting pipe, and the other end of the first return stirring pipeline is connected with the original liquid box, institute The other end for stating connecting pipe is connected with the fertilizer-mixing barrel.Magnetic drive pump is the return stirring of original liquid box and conveys water to fertilizer-mixing barrel Fertilizer provides power, and magnetic drive pump cooperates the first return stirring pipeline to abandon traditional agitating paddle complex fertilizer.
The first possible implementation with reference to first aspect, in a second possible implementation of that first aspect, also Including a jet pump, jet pump one end with the fertilizer producing tube road of the fertilizer-mixing barrel, the second return stirring pipeline respectively It is connected with one end of fertilising pipeline, the other end of the second return stirring pipeline is connected with the fertilizer-mixing barrel, described to apply The other end of fertile pipeline is used for fertigation.Jet pump provides power for the return stirring of fertilizer-mixing barrel and the fertilising in later period, spray It penetrates pump the second return stirring pipeline of cooperation and has abandoned traditional agitating paddle complex fertilizer, and since jet pump has stronger injection dynamic Power is suitable for large area and applies fertilizer.
With reference to first aspect, in first aspect in the third possible implementation, the liquid manure data detection device packet PH sensor and EH sensor are included, the PH sensor and EH sensor are fixed on the second return stirring pipeline, And the test side of the PH sensor and EH sensor is arranged in the second return stirring pipeline, the PH sensor and EH Sensor is electrically connected with the controller.PH sensor and EH sensor can be stirred in pipeline with real-time detection by second The pH value and liquid manure concentration of fertilising, and then the accurate allotment to liquid manure PH in fertilizer-mixing barrel and concentration may be implemented.
With reference to first aspect, in the 4th kind of possible implementation of first aspect, the flow-control equipment includes the One return stirring solenoid valve, the second return stirring solenoid valve, first go out fertile solenoid valve, second fertile solenoid valve, the first water inlet electricity out Magnet valve and the second inlet water solenoid valve, the first return stirring solenoid valve is arranged on the first return stirring pipeline, described Second return stirring solenoid valve is arranged on the second return stirring pipeline, and described first, which goes out fertile solenoid valve, is arranged in the original On the fertilizer producing tube road of liquid bucket, described second, which goes out fertile solenoid valve, is arranged on the fertilizer producing tube road of fertilizer-mixing barrel, the first water inlet electromagnetism Valve is arranged on first water inlet line, and second inlet water solenoid valve is arranged on second water inlet line.It is returned When stream stirring, fertile solenoid valve will be gone out by controller and closed, and prevent liquid manure when return stirring from flowing out from fertilizer producing tube road.Without reflux When stirring, return stirring channel can be closed by controlling return stirring solenoid valve by controller, prevent from carrying out liquid manure output When enter in return stirring channel.It can control and entered in original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel by controller control inlet water solenoid valve Water.
With reference to first aspect, in the 5th kind of possible implementation of first aspect, the fertilizer-mixing barrel be provided with it is multiple, it is more A fertilizer-mixing barrel is connected with the original liquid box.The setting of multiple fertilizer-mixing barrels is to meet various crop needed for different times The requirement for the different fertilizer wanted.
Second of possible implementation with reference to first aspect, in the 6th kind of possible implementation of first aspect, institute It states and is provided with flowmeter on the first water inlet line, second water inlet line, the connecting pipe and the fertilising pipeline, institute Flowmeter is stated to be electrically connected with the controller.The setting of flowmeter, can monitor in real time the inflow of water inlet line, original liquid box to The output quantity of fertilizer-mixing barrel and the dose of fertilizer-mixing barrel.
With reference to first aspect or the first to six kind of first aspect any possible implementation, the controller include control Display screen, pH value display screen, EH value display screen, processor, power supply indicator and power switch, it is the control display screen, described PH value display screen, the EH value display screen, the power supply indicator and the power switch are embedded on the controller panel, The processor is arranged on the mainboard of the controller.
Second aspect, the embodiment of the present application provides a kind of water-fertilizer integral control method, using first aspect or first The water-fertilizer integral control device of any possible implementation of aspect, which comprises pass through flowmeter, PH sensor and EH Sensor obtains the real-time inflow information and water yield information of original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel and fertilizer in the fertilizer-mixing barrel is dense Spend information;According to the concentration of fertilizer information in the real-time inflow information and water yield information and the fertilizer-mixing barrel to described The inflow of original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel and fertilizer amount is controlled out.
It is described according to the real-time inflow in second aspect in the first possible implementation in conjunction with second aspect Concentration of fertilizer information in information and water yield information and the fertilizer-mixing barrel to the inflow of the original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel and Fertilizer amount is controlled out, comprising: when the inflow of the original liquid box reaches the first inflow, the controller close first into Waterpipe and control magnetic drive pump by the fertilizer in the original liquid box by the first return stirring pipeline carry out return stirring;The original After fertilizer return stirring preset time period in liquid bucket, the first return stirring pipeline is closed, opens going out for the original liquid box Fertilizer in the original liquid box is transported to the fertilizer-mixing barrel by the magnetic drive pump by fertile pipeline;Go out fertilizer when the fertilizer-mixing barrel When amount reaches first and goes out fertilizer amount, the controller closes the magnetic drive pump and controls the second water inlet line and fills the water to the fertilizer-mixing barrel And return stirring is carried out to material of dividing booty in the fertilizer-mixing barrel by jet pump and the second return stirring pipeline;When second water inlet When the fertilizer that pipeline reaches in the second inflow or the fertilizer-mixing barrel reaches preset concentration, the controller closes the second water inlet pipe Road and the second return stirring pipeline, the fertilizer producing tube road for opening the fertilizer-mixing barrel are applied fertilizer by the jet pump;Work as institute State fertilizer-mixing barrel go out fertilizer amount reach second go out fertilizer amount when, close the jet pump.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of water-fertilizer integral control device provided by the embodiments of the present application;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of controller provided by the embodiments of the present application;
Fig. 3 is a kind of block schematic illustration of water-fertilizer integral control system provided by the embodiments of the present application;
Fig. 4 is a kind of water-fertilizer integral control system hardware structural diagram provided by the embodiments of the present application;
Fig. 5 is a kind of flow diagram of water-fertilizer integral control method provided by the embodiments of the present application;
In Fig. 1-5, symbol is expressed as:
1- original liquid box, 2- the first return stirring pipeline, the first water inlet line of 3-, 4- fertilizer-mixing barrel, 5- the second return stirring pipe Road, the second water inlet line of 6-, 7- magnetic drive pump, 8- connecting pipe, 9- jet pump, 10- fertilising pipeline, 11-PH sensor, 12-EH Sensor, 13- the first return stirring solenoid valve, 14- the second return stirring solenoid valve, 15- first go out fertile solenoid valve, 16- second Fertile solenoid valve out, the first inlet water solenoid valve of 17-, the second inlet water solenoid valve of 18-, 19- control display screen, 20-PH value display screen, 21-EH value display screen, 22- processor, 23- power supply indicator, 24- power switch.
Specific embodiment
This programme is illustrated with specific embodiment with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is a kind of water-fertilizer integral control device provided by the embodiments of the present application, provided in this embodiment referring to Fig. 1 Water-fertilizer integral control device includes original liquid box 1, and the original liquid box 1 is provided with the first return stirring pipeline 2 and the first water inlet pipe Road 3, the fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 being connected with the original liquid box 1, the fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 are provided with the second return stirring pipeline 5 and the second water inlet It is provided with flow-control equipment on pipeline 6, water inlet line and return stirring pipeline, is arranged on the second return stirring pipeline 5 There is liquid manure data detection device, the flow-control equipment and the liquid manure data detection device are electrically connected with the controller, this Controller in embodiment uses control chip for STM32F103VET6.
Be provided with magnetic drive pump 7 between the original liquid box 1 and the fertilizer-mixing barrel 4, the magnetic drive pump 7 respectively with the original liquid box 1 fertilizer producing tube road, the first return stirring pipeline 2 one end be connected with one end of connecting pipe 8, it is described first reflux stirs The other end for mixing pipeline 2 is connected with the original liquid box 1, and the other end of the connecting pipe 8 is connected with the fertilizer-mixing barrel 4. Further include a jet pump 9, the jet pump 9 respectively with the fertilizer producing tube road of the fertilizer-mixing barrel 4, the second return stirring pipeline 6 One end with fertilising pipeline 10 one end be connected, the other end of the second return stirring pipeline 5 is connected with the fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 Logical, the other end of the fertilising pipeline 10 is used for fertigation.Magnetic drive pump 7 is the return stirring of original liquid box 1 and defeated to fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 Liquid manure is sent to provide power, and magnetic drive pump 7 cooperates the first return stirring pipeline 2 to abandon traditional agitating paddle complex fertilizer.Injection Pump 9 provides power for the return stirring of fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 and the fertilising in later period, and jet pump 9 cooperates the second return stirring pipeline 5 to abandon Traditional agitating paddle complex fertilizer, and since jet pump 9 has stronger injection power, it is suitable for large area and applies fertilizer.
In the present embodiment, the liquid manure data detection device includes PH sensor 11 and EH sensor 12, the PH sensing Device 11 and EH sensor 12 are fixed on the second return stirring pipeline 5, and the PH sensor 11 and EH sensor 12 test side is arranged in the second return stirring pipeline 5, the PH sensor 11 and EH sensor 12 with the control Device electrical connection processed.Described in the present embodiment, the PH sensor 11 is the online PH meter of PH-501 type, and the EC sensor 12 is CM-230N type industry electrical conductivity instrument.PH sensor 11 and EH sensor 12 can be stirred in pipeline with real-time detection by second The liquid manure information of monitoring is sent to controller by the pH value and liquid manure concentration of fertilising, PH sensor 11 and EH sensor 12, control The accurate allotment to liquid manure PH in fertilizer-mixing barrel and concentration may be implemented by the inflow that control enters fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 in device.
Further, in this embodiment in order to realize the inflow of original liquid box 1 and fertilizer-mixing barrel 4, go out fertilizer amount and liquid manure Return stirring, the flow-control equipment specifically include the first return stirring solenoid valve 13, the second return stirring solenoid valve 14, One, which goes out fertile solenoid valve 15, second, goes out fertile solenoid valve 16, the first inlet water solenoid valve 17 and the second inlet water solenoid valve 18, and described first time Stream stirring solenoid valve 13 is arranged on the first return stirring pipeline 2, and the second return stirring solenoid valve 14 is arranged in institute It states on the second return stirring pipeline 5, described first, which goes out fertile solenoid valve 15, is arranged on the fertilizer producing tube road of the original liquid box 1, described Second, which goes out fertile solenoid valve 16, is arranged on the fertilizer producing tube road of fertilizer-mixing barrel 4, and first inlet water solenoid valve 17 is arranged described first On water inlet line 3, second inlet water solenoid valve 18 is arranged on second water inlet line 6.
When carrying out return stirring, fertile solenoid valve will be gone out by controller and closed, liquid manure is from fertilizer producing tube when preventing return stirring Road outflow.When without return stirring, return stirring channel can be closed by controlling return stirring solenoid valve by controller, be prevented It is entered in return stirring channel when carrying out liquid manure output.It can control by controller control inlet water solenoid valve and enter original Water in liquid bucket and fertilizer-mixing barrel.
In order to realize the real time monitoring inflow of water inlet line, original liquid box to the output quantity of fertilizer-mixing barrel and applying for fertilizer-mixing barrel Fertilizer amount is all provided on first water inlet line 3, second water inlet line 6, the connecting pipe 8 and the fertilising pipeline 10 It is equipped with flowmeter, the flowmeter is electrically connected with the controller.Flowmeter can be in real time by first water inlet line 3 and described Inflow, the connecting pipe 8 and the liquid manure flow for applying fertilizer pipeline 10 of second water inlet line 6 are sent to controller progress It shows, flow is calculated as turbine flowmeter MJ-HZ43WB in the present embodiment.
The requirement of various crop fertilizer required for different times is different, therefore fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 described in the present embodiment is set It is equipped with multiple, multiple fertilizer-mixing barrels 4 are connected with the original liquid box 1.Inflow by controlling different fertilizer-mixing barrels 4 can be with Obtain the liquid manure of a variety of various concentrations.
Referring to fig. 2, controller described in the present embodiment includes control display screen 19, pH value display screen 20, EH value display screen 21, processor 22, power supply indicator 23 and power switch 24, the control display screen 19, the pH value display screen 20, the EH Value display screen 21, the power supply indicator 23 and the power switch 24 are embedded on the controller panel, the processor 22 are arranged on the mainboard of the controller.
Wherein, control display screen 19 is a set of with advanced Cortex-A8 CPU using the TPC7062TX of the Kunlun on-state For the high-performance embedded overall-in-one control schema display screen of core (dominant frequency 600MHz).Entrance can be preset by controlling display screen 19 To in original liquid box 1 and fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 inflow, go out fertilizer amount and return stirring time etc..PH value display screen 20 and EH value are shown The PH information and concentration of fertilizer information of liquid manure, power supply indicator 23 indicate the working condition of controller in 21 display fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 of screen, Power switch 24 is for opening or closing controller.
If Fig. 3 is a kind of block schematic illustration of water-fertilizer integral control system provided by the embodiments of the present application, control display Unit can export scheduled parameter information, and processor can control liquid manure working cell by scheduled parameter information and carry out work Make.The data information of liquid manure data acquisition unit acquisition simultaneously can also be sent to processor and control display unit, processor It can be shown according to the liquid manure data information simple process family got in control display unit.
Specific reference to Fig. 4, liquid manure data acquisition unit includes PH sensor, EH sensor and flowmeter, liquid manure work Unit includes solenoid valve, magnetic drive pump and jet pump.According to the parameter of fertilising needed first by control display screen setting fertilising It include: dose, fertilising concentration etc., then controller controls solenoid valve, magnetic drive pump and jet pump according to the fertilizing constant of setting Work, during the work time, PH sensor, EH sensor and flowmeter can send liquid manure data information to controller, and show On control display screen.The information realization Tree Precise Fertilization that user shows according to control display screen.
If return stirring is timing return stirring in the present embodiment, start a timing inside control display screen Device, after timer time reaches the return stirring time of setting, return stirring valve is closed, and timer stopping timing is simultaneously multiple Position waits return stirring next time.
It is assumed that it is the liquid manure of 2ms/cm that a kind of chamber crop, which needs concentration, after setting concentration parameter by control display screen, Controller controls the first inlet water solenoid valve 17 and opens to the water filling of original liquid box 1, while controlling magnetic drive pump 7 and being stirred continuously reflux, 30s Afterwards, control first goes out fertile solenoid valve 15 and opens, and stoste is sent in fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 further water inlet by magnetic drive pump 7 and is diluted, EC is worked as After sensor 12 detects that concentration is up to standard, system stops water inlet, will carry out fertigation after return stirring.
If setting the mould that applies fertilizer at regular time and quantity on control display screen for certain specific chamber crop in certain area Formula.If the crop need daily 10 points start to apply fertilizer, irrigation volume 10L, concentration 4ms/cm, control display screen setting with After upper parameter, system will accordingly operate at daily 10 points and recall the liquid manure that concentration is 4ms/cm automatically, according to above-mentioned Operate automatic irrigation 10L liquid manure.Manual mode can be switched to by controlling display screen, manually controllable solenoid valve, magnetic drive pump, Spray pump work.
It is specific to wrap using the water-fertilizer integral control device in the present embodiment during to chamber crop fertilizer irrigation Include: setting irrigation time or manually open the first inlet water solenoid valve 17 of original liquid box 1, flowmeter is anti-by flow of inlet water parameter It is fed to control display screen, when the flow of inlet water of feedback reaches the flow of inlet water of system setting, controller closes the first water inlet electricity Magnet valve 17 opens the first return stirring solenoid valve 13 and magnetic drive pump 7 and carries out return stirring to the liquid manure in original liquid box 1, at one section Between after, controller closes the first return stirring solenoid valve 13, opens first and goes out fertile solenoid valve 15, liquid manure flow to the waiting of fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 Further dilution stirring.Described in the same control of flow of inlet water above, when original liquid box 1 goes out the flow fertile out that fertile flow reaches system setting Afterwards, controller closing magnetic drive pump 7 and first goes out fertile solenoid valve 15.System opens the second inlet water solenoid valve 18 of fertilizer-mixing barrel 4, opens Second return stirring solenoid valve 14 and jet pump 9 carry out return stirring to the liquid manure in fertilizer-mixing barrel 4, as the EC of EC sensor feedback After the pH value of value and PH sensor feedback reaches the fertilising concentration of system setting, controller closes the second inlet water solenoid valve 18, beats It opens the second of fertilizer-mixing barrel and goes out fertile solenoid valve 16 and jet pump 9, liquid manure is transported into dropper head and carries out fertilizer irrigation operation.Work as flow When the dose that the fertilising flow of meter feedback is arranged to system, controller closes second and goes out fertile solenoid valve 16 and jet pump 9, completes Entire fertigation operation.
It is above-mentioned for the pH value of water in flow control, fertilizer-mixing barrel and the control of EH value, specifically include: one stoste of setting The flow of inlet water of bucket is as desired output, and flowmeter feeds back real-time flow of inlet water in the first water inlet line 3 during water inlet Control display screen is given, desired output is compared by control display screen with Real-time Feedback value, the correction signal control handled It makes the first inlet water solenoid valve 17 to continue starting or close, when setting the error of flow value and real-time flow of inlet water as zero, click Display screen is controlled, the first inlet water solenoid valve 17 is closed by controller, completes original liquid box water inlet process.
The EC concentration value and pH value for setting fertilizer-mixing barrel are used as desired output in a range intervals, in fertilizer-mixing barrel 4 For liquid manure during carrying out return stirring, EC sensor and PH sensor are by the EC value and pH value Real-time Feedback of liquid manure in fertilizer-mixing barrel Control display screen is given, real-time EC value and pH value are compared with the bound of desired value, the EC value and PH to liquid manure in fertilizer-mixing barrel When value is reached in preset range, system starts fertilizer irrigation operation.
As can be seen from the above embodiments, a kind of water-fertilizer integral control device, original liquid box 1 and fertilizer-mixing barrel are present embodiments provided 4 are provided with return stirring channel, and magnetic drive pump 7 and jet pump 9 is cooperated to realize the stirring of liquid manure different phase.By first into Waterpipe 3 and the control of the second water inlet line 6 enter the water in original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel, and then can control to dose System.Liquid manure data detection device will can determine the concentration of fertilizer in fertilizer-mixing barrel, control the second water inlet line 6 by controller Inflow may be implemented to deploy the liquid manure concentration of suitable Different Crop.The facility water-fertilizer integral control device is in no human intervention Under conditions of, according to it is pre-set can fertigation at regular time and quantity, make in crop-planting fertigation it is more convenient, can It leans on.Solve mechanized application application in Fei Rengong, low efficiency the problems such as, have precisely monitoring, reliably control, automatically correct, State feeds back the mode of operation combined with manual control.
Corresponding with a kind of water-fertilizer integral control device provided by the above embodiment, present invention also provides a kind of liquid manure The embodiment of integrated control method.Referring to Fig. 5, which comprises
S101 obtains the real-time inflow information of original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel by flowmeter, PH sensor and EH sensor With the concentration of fertilizer information in water yield information and the fertilizer-mixing barrel.
The data information that specific flowmeter, PH sensor and EH sensor are got can be sent to the same of controller When, also shown on control display screen.
S102, according to the concentration of fertilizer information in the real-time inflow information and water yield information and the fertilizer-mixing barrel Inflow to the original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel and fertilizer amount controls out.
Specifically, when the inflow of the original liquid box reaches the first inflow, the controller closes the first water inlet pipe Road and control magnetic drive pump by the fertilizer in the original liquid box by the first return stirring pipeline carry out return stirring.The original liquid box After interior fertilizer return stirring preset time period, the first return stirring pipeline is closed, the fertilizer producing tube of the original liquid box is opened Fertilizer in the original liquid box is transported to the fertilizer-mixing barrel by the magnetic drive pump by road.When the fertilizer amount that goes out of the fertilizer-mixing barrel reaches When going out fertilizer amount to first, the controller closes the magnetic drive pump and controls the second water inlet line and fills the water and lead to the fertilizer-mixing barrel Overspray pump and the second return stirring pipeline carry out return stirring to material of dividing booty in the fertilizer-mixing barrel.When second water inlet line When reaching the fertilizer in the second inflow or the fertilizer-mixing barrel and reaching preset concentration, the controller close the second water inlet line and The second return stirring pipeline, the fertilizer producing tube road for opening the fertilizer-mixing barrel are applied fertilizer by the jet pump.When described mixed Fertile bucket go out fertilizer amount reach second go out fertilizer amount when, close the jet pump.
It should be noted that, in this document, the relational terms of such as " first " and " second " or the like are used merely to one A entity or operation with another entity or operate distinguish, without necessarily requiring or implying these entities or operation it Between there are any actual relationship or orders.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to Cover non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment for including a series of elements not only includes those Element, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or setting Standby intrinsic element.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that There is also other identical elements in the process, method, article or apparatus that includes the element.
Certainly, above description is also not limited to the example above, technical characteristic of the application without description can by or It is realized using the prior art, details are not described herein;The technical solution that above embodiments and attached drawing are merely to illustrate the application is not It is the limitation to the application, Tathagata substitutes, and the application is described in detail only in conjunction with and referring to preferred embodiment, ability Domain it is to be appreciated by one skilled in the art that those skilled in the art were made in the essential scope of the application Variations, modifications, additions or substitutions also should belong to claims hereof protection scope without departure from the objective of the application.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of water-fertilizer integral control device, which is characterized in that including original liquid box (1), the original liquid box (1) is provided with first Return stirring pipeline (2) and the first water inlet line (3), the fertilizer-mixing barrel (4) being connected with the original liquid box (1), the fertilizer-mixing barrel (4) it is provided with the second return stirring pipeline (5) and the second water inlet line (6), is provided on water inlet line and return stirring pipeline Flow-control equipment is provided with liquid manure data detection device, the flow-control equipment on the second return stirring pipeline (5) It is electrically connected with the controller with the liquid manure data detection device.
2. water-fertilizer integral control device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the original liquid box (1) is mixed with described Be provided with magnetic drive pump (7) between fertile bucket (4), the magnetic drive pump (7) respectively with the fertilizer producing tube road of the original liquid box (1), described One end of one return stirring pipeline (2) is connected with one end of connecting pipe (8), the first return stirring pipeline (2) it is another One end is connected with the original liquid box (1), and the other end of the connecting pipe (8) is connected with the fertilizer-mixing barrel (4).
3. water-fertilizer integral control device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that it further include a jet pump (9), it is described Jet pump (9) is managed with the fertilizer producing tube road of the fertilizer-mixing barrel (4), one end of the second return stirring pipeline (5) and fertilising respectively The one end in road (10) is connected, and the other end of the second return stirring pipeline (5) is connected with the fertilizer-mixing barrel (4), described The other end of fertilising pipeline (10) is used for fertigation.
4. water-fertilizer integral control device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the liquid manure data detection device packet PH sensor (11) and EH sensor (12) are included, the PH sensor (11) and EH sensor (12) are fixed at described second On return stirring pipeline (5), and the setting of the test side of the PH sensor (11) and EH sensor (12) is in second reflux It stirs in pipeline (5), the PH sensor (11) and EH sensor (12) are electrically connected with the controller.
5. water-fertilizer integral control device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the flow-control equipment includes the One return stirring solenoid valve (13), the second return stirring solenoid valve (14), first go out the fertile solenoid valve out of fertile solenoid valve (15), second (16), the first inlet water solenoid valve (17) and the second inlet water solenoid valve (18), the first return stirring solenoid valve (13) setting exist On the first return stirring pipeline (2), the second return stirring solenoid valve (14) is arranged in the second return stirring pipe On road (5), described first, which goes out fertile solenoid valve (15), is arranged on the fertilizer producing tube road of the original liquid box (1), and described second goes out fertilizer electricity Magnet valve (16) is arranged on the fertilizer producing tube road of fertilizer-mixing barrel (4), and the first inlet water solenoid valve (17) setting is in first water inlet On pipeline (3), second inlet water solenoid valve (18) is arranged on second water inlet line (6).
6. water-fertilizer integral control device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fertilizer-mixing barrel (4) is provided with more A, multiple fertilizer-mixing barrels (4) are connected with the original liquid box (1).
7. water-fertilizer integral control device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that first water inlet line (3), institute It states and is provided with flowmeter, the flow on the second water inlet line (6), the connecting pipe (8) and the fertilising pipeline (10) Meter is electrically connected with the controller.
8. water-fertilizer integral control device according to claim 1-7, which is characterized in that the controller includes Control display screen (19), pH value display screen (20), EH value display screen (21), processor (22), power supply indicator (23) and power supply It switchs (24), the control display screen (19), the pH value display screen (20), the EH value display screen (21), the power supply refer to Show that lamp (23) and the power switch (24) are embedded on the controller panel, the processor (22) is arranged in the control On the mainboard of device.
9. a kind of water-fertilizer integral control method, which is characterized in that use the described in any item water-fertilizer integrals of claim 1-8 Control device, which comprises
Real-time inflow information and the water yield letter of original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel are obtained by flowmeter, PH sensor and EH sensor Concentration of fertilizer information in breath and the fertilizer-mixing barrel;
According to the concentration of fertilizer information in the real-time inflow information and water yield information and the fertilizer-mixing barrel to the original The inflow of liquid bucket and fertilizer-mixing barrel and fertilizer amount is controlled out.
10. water-fertilizer integral control method according to claim 9, which is characterized in that described according to the real-time water inlet The concentration of fertilizer information in information and water yield information and the fertilizer-mixing barrel is measured to the inflow of the original liquid box and fertilizer-mixing barrel Fertilizer amount is controlled out, comprising:
When the inflow of the original liquid box reaches the first inflow, the controller closes the first water inlet line and controls magnetic force Fertilizer in the original liquid box is carried out return stirring by the first return stirring pipeline by pump;
After fertilizer return stirring preset time period in the original liquid box, the first return stirring pipeline is closed, described in opening Fertilizer in the original liquid box is transported to the fertilizer-mixing barrel by the magnetic drive pump by the fertilizer producing tube road of original liquid box;
When the fertilizer-mixing barrel is when going out fertilizer amount and reaching first and go out fertilizer amount, the controller close the magnetic drive pump and control second into Waterpipe fills the water and passes through jet pump and the second return stirring pipeline to the fertilizer-mixing barrel and carries out to material of dividing booty in the fertilizer-mixing barrel Return stirring;
When second water inlet line, which reaches the fertilizer in the second inflow or the fertilizer-mixing barrel, reaches preset concentration, the control Device processed closes the second water inlet line and the second return stirring pipeline, the fertilizer producing tube road for opening the fertilizer-mixing barrel pass through the spray Pump is penetrated to apply fertilizer;
When the fertilizer amount out of the fertilizer-mixing barrel, which reaches second, goes out fertilizer amount, the jet pump is closed.
CN201910821311.7A 2019-09-02 2019-09-02 A kind of water-fertilizer integral control device and method Pending CN110402667A (en)

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CN201910821311.7A CN110402667A (en) 2019-09-02 2019-09-02 A kind of water-fertilizer integral control device and method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111189888A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-05-22 中国科学院合肥物质科学研究院 Water fertilizer nitrogen phosphorus potassium element concentration analysis method based on two-stage water fertilizer dilution treatment system
CN111871242A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-11-03 山东农业大学 Water and fertilizer integrated header hub and use method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111189888A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-05-22 中国科学院合肥物质科学研究院 Water fertilizer nitrogen phosphorus potassium element concentration analysis method based on two-stage water fertilizer dilution treatment system
CN111189888B (en) * 2020-01-14 2022-07-01 中国科学院合肥物质科学研究院 Water fertilizer nitrogen phosphorus potassium element concentration analysis method based on two-stage water fertilizer dilution treatment system
CN111871242A (en) * 2020-07-17 2020-11-03 山东农业大学 Water and fertilizer integrated header hub and use method thereof

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