CN110387655B - Washing machine - Google Patents

Washing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110387655B
CN110387655B CN201810343259.4A CN201810343259A CN110387655B CN 110387655 B CN110387655 B CN 110387655B CN 201810343259 A CN201810343259 A CN 201810343259A CN 110387655 B CN110387655 B CN 110387655B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
cavity
pulsator
rib
impeller
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Application number
CN201810343259.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110387655A (en
Inventor
周鹏
邓德喜
徐彭城
熊明
王翔
汤凯利
高飞
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Wuxi Little Swan Electric Co Ltd
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Wuxi Little Swan Electric Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810343259.4A priority Critical patent/CN110387655B/en
Publication of CN110387655A publication Critical patent/CN110387655A/en
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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F17/00Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid
    • D06F17/06Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid by rotary impellers
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F17/00Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid
    • D06F17/06Washing machines having receptacles, stationary for washing purposes, wherein the washing action is effected solely by circulation or agitation of the washing liquid by rotary impellers
    • D06F17/10Impellers
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F21/00Washing machines with receptacles, e.g. perforated, having a rotary movement, e.g. oscillatory movement 
    • D06F21/06Washing machines with receptacles, e.g. perforated, having a rotary movement, e.g. oscillatory movement  about a vertical axis
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F37/00Details specific to washing machines covered by groups D06F21/00 - D06F25/00
    • D06F37/02Rotary receptacles, e.g. drums
    • D06F37/12Rotary receptacles, e.g. drums adapted for rotation or oscillation about a vertical axis

Abstract

The invention discloses a washing machine, comprising: an outer barrel provided with a water outlet; the inner cylinder is rotatably arranged in the outer cylinder, a clearance cavity communicated with the water outlet is defined between the inner cylinder and the outer cylinder, and the inner cylinder is provided with a chip removal port; the impeller is rotatably arranged in the inner barrel, a washing cavity positioned above the impeller and a water containing cavity positioned below the impeller are limited in the inner barrel, the water containing cavity is communicated with the clearance cavity through a chip removal port, the impeller is provided with a plurality of water replenishing holes communicated with the washing cavity and the water containing cavity and a plurality of water discharging ribs extending into the water containing cavity, when the impeller rotates, the water discharging ribs push fluid in the water containing cavity to enter the clearance cavity from the chip removal port, and the fluid in the washing cavity is replenished into the water containing cavity from the water replenishing holes; wherein the cross-sectional area of a single water replenishing hole is 10mm2~20mm2. According to the embodiment of the invention, the washing machine can realize automatic discharge of the thread scraps, and the thread scraps discharge efficiency is high and the thread scraps discharge effect is good.

Description

Washing machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of electric appliance manufacturing, in particular to a washing machine.
Background
The pulsator washing machine generates a large amount of thread scraps in the washing process, and in order to ensure that the thread scraps are not adhered to the washed clothes and maintain the cleanness of the inside of the drum, a filter bag is usually arranged on the side wall of the inner drum for collecting the thread scraps, and the filter bag is manually detached by a user to clean the thread scraps after the washing is finished. The filter bag can collect the thread scraps in the initial stage, and can ensure the thread scrap collection rate of 60-70%, but after a plurality of times of washing, meshes of the filter bag can be blocked by fine thread scraps, and the smoothness of a filter system is difficult to ensure by a common cleaning mode, so the collection efficiency is gradually reduced. In addition, in practical use, a user easily forgets to clean or fatigues to clean the filter bag, so that the filter bag is completely blocked and loses the filtering effect, and moist crumbs accumulated in the filter bag are easy to breed bacteria to secondarily pollute the washed clothes.
The related art proposes a washing machine with an automatic lint discharging function, but the lint discharging effect is not ideal, the lint discharging amount is substantially equivalent to or less than that of the case of using a filter bag, and the cost of the washing machine is increased to increase the function.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to solving at least one of the problems of the prior art. Therefore, the invention provides the washing machine which can realize automatic discharge of the thread scraps, and has high thread scrap discharge efficiency and good thread scrap discharge effect.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, there is provided a washing machine including: an outer tub provided with a water discharge port; the inner cylinder is rotatably arranged in the outer barrel, a clearance cavity communicated with the water outlet is defined between the inner cylinder and the outer barrel, and the inner cylinder is provided with a chip removal port; the impeller is rotatably arranged in the inner barrel, a washing cavity positioned above the impeller and a water containing cavity positioned below the impeller are limited in the inner barrel, the water containing cavity is communicated with the clearance cavity through the chip removal port, the impeller is provided with a plurality of water replenishing holes communicated with the washing cavity and the water containing cavity and a plurality of water discharging ribs extending into the water containing cavity, when the impeller rotates, the water discharging ribs push fluid in the water containing cavity to enter the clearance cavity from the chip removal port, and the fluid in the washing cavity is replenished into the water containing cavity from the water replenishing holes; wherein the cross-sectional area of each water replenishing hole is 10mm2~20mm2
According to the washing machine provided by the embodiment of the invention, through a time separation principle, namely, during washing, the thread scraps are enabled to enter the clearance cavity from the washing cavity through the scrap discharge port, and during water discharge and dehydration, the thread scraps in the clearance cavity are driven to be discharged from the water discharge port by using washing water, so that the automatic cleaning of the thread scraps is completed, the cross section area of the water replenishing hole on the impeller is further limited, the water replenishing resistance and the falling of foreign matters are balanced, the thread scraps in the washing cavity can enter the water containing cavity through the water replenishing hole, the foreign matters such as coins and buttons can be prevented from entering the impeller, and the thread scrap discharge rate and the discharge effect are improved.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the exhaust port is disposed in a bottom portion of the sidewall of the inner barrel.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the maximum span of the cross-section of the refill orifice is no greater than 6 mm.
According to some embodiments of the invention, the pulsator comprises: the wheel disc is rotatably arranged in the inner cylinder, and the plurality of drainage ribs are arranged on the wheel disc; the water-stirring ribs are arranged on the wheel disc and extend into the washing cavity; the water replenishing holes are divided into disc surface water replenishing holes arranged on the wheel disc and rib part water replenishing holes arranged on the water stirring ribs.
Further, the disk surface water replenishing holes are distributed in 7/10 radius areas of the impeller from the center to the outer periphery.
Further, a water supplementing hole on the disc surface on the outermost side in the radial direction of the impeller is positioned on the 7/10 radius of the impeller from the center to the outer peripheral edge of the impeller.
Furthermore, the sum of the cross sectional areas of the water replenishing holes on the disk surface is 10% -20% of the area of the projection of the impeller in the horizontal plane.
Further, the rib water replenishing holes are distributed in 8/10 radius areas of the impeller from the center to the outer periphery.
Further, the rib water replenishing holes positioned on the outermost side in the radial direction of the impeller are positioned at 8/10 radiuses of the impeller from the center to the outer peripheral edge of the impeller.
Further, the sum of the cross-sectional areas of the rib water replenishing holes is larger than 8% of the area of the projection of the impeller in the horizontal plane.
Furthermore, the water shifting rib is provided with a first water shifting surface and a second water shifting surface, and the rib water replenishing hole is formed in the first water shifting surface; the first water-stirring surface is obliquely arranged from bottom to top in the direction of the second water-stirring surface, the second water-stirring surface is obliquely arranged from bottom to top in the direction of the first water-stirring surface, and the inclination angle of the first water-stirring surface relative to the horizontal plane is larger than that of the second water-stirring surface relative to the horizontal plane; and/or the first water-dialing surface is sunken towards the second water-dialing surface along the center of the length direction of the first water-dialing surface, the second water-dialing surface is protruded towards the direction far away from the first water-dialing surface along the center of the length direction of the second water-dialing surface, and the radian of the first water-dialing surface is greater than that of the second water-dialing surface.
Furthermore, the water stirring rib, the drainage rib and the wheel disc are integrally formed, and an upward recess is formed at the bottom of the water stirring rib.
According to some specific examples of the present invention, a gap between the pulsator and the inner cylinder in a radial direction of the pulsator is 2.5mm to 3.5 mm.
Additional aspects and advantages of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and, in part, will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention.
Drawings
The above and/or additional aspects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent and readily appreciated from the following description of the embodiments, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of which:
fig. 1 is a perspective view of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a sectional view of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of the area a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of an outer tub of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of an inner tub and a pulsator of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is an exploded view of an inner tub of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a pulsator of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a plan view of a pulsator of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a bottom perspective view of a pulsator of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a bottom view of a pulsator of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a perspective view of a tub bottom of an inner tub of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is an enlarged view of the region B in fig. 11.
Fig. 13 is a sectional view of a tub bottom of an inner tub of a washing machine according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a sectional view of an inner tub of a washing machine in accordance with a first alternative embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 15 is a perspective view of a tub bottom and a waterfall spraying hood of an inner tub of a washing machine in accordance with a first alternative embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 16 is a plan view of a tub bottom of a drum of a washing machine in accordance with a first alternative embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 17 is a side view of a drum of a washing machine in accordance with a second alternative embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 18 is an enlarged view of the region C in fig. 17.
Fig. 19 is a perspective view of an inner tub of a washing machine in accordance with a third alternative embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 20 is a bottom view of a tub bottom of an inner tub of a washing machine in accordance with a third alternative embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 21 is a bottom view of a drum bottom of an inner tub of a washing machine in accordance with a fourth alternative embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 22 is a sectional view of an inner tub of a washing machine in accordance with a fifth alternative embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 23 is a perspective view of a flange of an inner tub of a washing machine in accordance with a fifth alternative embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 24 is a top view of a flange of an inner drum of a washing machine in accordance with a fifth alternative embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 25 is a sectional view of an inner tub of a washing machine in accordance with a sixth alternative embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 26 is a top view of a tub bottom and a flange plate of an inner tub of a washing machine in accordance with a sixth alternative embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 27 is a schematic view of a structure of a chip discharge port of a washing machine according to a seventh alternative embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 28 is a schematic view of a structure of a chip discharge port of a washing machine in accordance with an eighth alternative embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 29 is a schematic view of a structure of a chip discharge port of a washing machine according to a ninth alternative embodiment of the present invention.
Reference numerals:
a washing machine 1,
An outer tub 100, a drain 110, a clearance cavity 120,
An inner cylinder 200, a chip exhaust port 210, a washing cavity 220, a water containing cavity 230, a large water permeable hole 240, a small water permeable hole 250,
The impeller 300, a water replenishing hole 310, a disk surface water replenishing hole 311, a rib part water replenishing hole 312, a water draining rib 320, an inner edge section 321, an outer edge section 322, a wheel disk 330, a water stirring rib 340, a first water stirring surface 341, a second water stirring surface 342, a wheel bottom annular reinforcing rib 350, a wheel bottom radial reinforcing rib 360, a water discharging hole 310, a water discharging hole 311, a rib part water replenishing hole 312, a water discharging rib 320, a water discharging rib part, a water discharging rib part water discharging rib, a water discharging rib part water discharging rib, a water discharging rib part water discharging rib, a water discharging rib,
the check valve plate 400, the sheet body 410, the weight increasing part 420, the rotating shaft 430, the hook 440, the sheet body reinforcing rib 450, the stopping surface 460, the accommodating groove 470, the limiting structure 480,
The waterfall spraying cover 500, the waterfall spraying channel 510, the water inlet 511, the spray hole 512, the boss 520, the debris discharge channel 530, the debris discharge flow guide part 531, the debris flow choking part 532, the waterfall spraying channel 540, the waterfall spraying flow guide part 541, the waterfall spraying flow choking part 542, the water outlet and the water outlet,
A water discharge wing 600, a cylinder bottom annular reinforcing rib 610, a cylinder bottom radial reinforcing rib 620,
Barrel 710, barrel bottom 720, mounting port 721, protrusion 722, flange 730, central area 740, rotating shaft hole 741, screw hole 742, central edge area 750, outer edge area 760, peripheral positioning slot 761, boss 762, limiting hole 763, transition ring 770, and connecting ring,
Drive assembly 800, drive shaft 810.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the accompanying drawings are illustrative only for the purpose of explaining the present invention, and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", "clockwise", "counterclockwise", "axial", "radial", "circumferential", and the like, indicate orientations and positional relationships based on the orientations and positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more, and "several" means at least one, unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
A washing machine 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to fig. 1 to 26.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 1 to 6, a washing machine 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention includes an outer tub 100, an inner tub 200, and a pulsator 300.
The outer tub 100 is provided with a drain 110, and the drain 110 may be provided at the bottom wall of the outer tub 100 and at the outer circumference of the bottom wall of the outer tub 100. The inner cylinder 200 is rotatably disposed in the outer cylinder 100, and a gap chamber 120 is defined between the inner cylinder 200 and the outer cylinder 100, for example, the gap chamber 120 is formed between an outer circumferential surface of the inner cylinder 200 and an inner circumferential surface of the outer cylinder 100 and between an outer bottom surface of the inner cylinder 200 and an inner bottom surface of the outer cylinder 100, the gap chamber 120 is communicated with the drain port 110, the inner cylinder 200 is provided with a chip removal port 210, and the chip removal port 210 communicates an inner space of the inner cylinder 200 with the gap chamber 120.
The pulsator 300 is rotatably provided in the inner tub 200, and the pulsator 300 defines a washing chamber 220 located above the pulsator 300 and a water containing chamber 230 located below the pulsator 300 in the inner tub 200, it being understood that a space in the inner tub 200 is divided into two parts by the pulsator 300, the washing chamber 220 is located above the pulsator 300, and the water containing chamber 230 is located below the pulsator 300, i.e., the water containing chamber 230 is defined between the lower surface of the pulsator 300 and the inner bottom surface of the inner tub 200. The water containing cavity 230 is communicated with the clearance cavity 120 through the chip removing port 210, the pulsator 300 is provided with a plurality of water replenishing holes 310 communicating the washing cavity 220 and the water containing cavity 230, and the bottom of the pulsator 300 is provided with a plurality of water discharging ribs 320 extending into the water containing cavity 230. When the pulsator 300 rotates, the water discharging rib 320 pushes the fluid in the water containing cavity 230 to enter the clearance cavity 120 through the exhaust port 210, and the fluid in the washing cavity 220 is replenished into the water containing cavity 230 through the water replenishing hole 310.
Wherein the cross-sectional area (i.e., flow area) of the single water replenishing hole 310 is 10mm2~20mm2
A chip discharge process of the washing machine 1 according to the embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to fig. 2.
When the washing machine 1 is used for washing, the pulsator 300 rotates, the drainage ribs 320 rotate along with the pulsator 300, and water in the water containing cavity 230 is squeezed by the drainage ribs 320 to move centrifugally, so that water flow is pushed to enter the clearance cavity 120 from the chip removal port 210, and the thread scraps in the inner cylinder 200 are discharged between the inner cylinder 200 and the outer cylinder 100 along with the water flow. In this process, a greater negative pressure is generated in the water accommodating chamber 230, so that the water in the washing chamber 220 flows from the water replenishing holes 310 to the water accommodating chamber 230, thereby replenishing the water in the water accommodating chamber 230 and maintaining the whole water circulation. After the pulsator 300 stops rotating, the thread scraps in the water entering the gap chamber 120 gradually settle to the bottom of the outer tub 100, and during draining, the thread scraps in the gap chamber 120 are automatically discharged from the drain 110 along with the water flow.
For the washing machine having the water permeable holes on the sidewall of the inner tub 200, after the rotation of the pulsator 300 is stopped, the water in the gap chamber 120 enters the washing chamber 220 through the water permeable holes, and the water permeable holes have a certain ability of filtering thread scraps due to the small cross-sectional area of the water permeable holes, and the thread scraps do not return to the washing chamber 220 with the water flow, but gradually settle to the bottom of the outer tub 100.
According to the washing machine 1 of the embodiment of the invention, the thread scraps are enabled to enter the clearance cavity 120 from the washing cavity 220 through the scrap discharge port 210 by the time separation principle, and the thread scraps in the clearance cavity 120 are driven to be discharged from the water discharge port 110 by using the washing water during water discharging and dewatering, so that the automatic cleaning of the thread scraps is completed, the flow rate of the water flow in the washing cavity 220 flowing into the clearance cavity 120 is increased by the centrifugal water flow displacement mode, and the thread scrap discharge rate is greatly increased.
And, since the parameter setting of the water supplement holes 310 is directly related to whether the thread scraps can be discharged and the discharge efficiency, by defining the cross-sectional area of the water supplement holes on the pulsator, that is, the cross-sectional area of a single water supplement hole 310 is 10mm2~20mm2Preferably 13mm2~18mm2And may further define the maximum span of the cross section of the refill hole 310 to be not more than 6 mm.
Therefore, on one hand, the water replenishing holes 310 can have a large enough cross section, and the resistance generated when the impeller 300 rotates is combined to ensure that the whole water flow resistance at the water replenishing holes 310 can ensure that the water flow in the washing cavity 220 can smoothly enter the water containing cavity 230, so that the thread scraps can smoothly enter the water containing cavity 230;
on the other hand, the cross-sectional area of the water replenishing hole 310 can be prevented from being too large, foreign matters such as coins and buttons remaining in the clothes are prevented from falling into the water replenishing hole 310, and the foreign matters are prevented from entering the water containing cavity 230 or the clearance cavity 120, so that the trouble of being difficult to take out is eliminated.
Experiments prove that the corresponding relationship between the cross-sectional area of the single water replenishing hole 310 and the thread scrap discharging rate is as follows:
7mm2the lint discharge rate was 30%;
10mm2the lint discharge rate was 60%;
13mm2the lint discharge rate was 69%;
16mm2the lint discharge rate was 77%;
19mm2the lint discharge rate was 81%.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 5 and 6, the exhaust port 210 is disposed at the bottom of the sidewall of the inner cylinder 200, such that the exhaust port 210 is located outside the water containing cavity 230 in the radial direction of the inner cylinder 200, so that the water draining ribs 320 push the washing water in the water containing cavity 230 into the clearance cavity 120 from the exhaust port 210 when rotating with the impeller 300.
And to further enhance the rate of strand discharge, the total cross-sectional area S0 of the individual exhaust ports 210 is greater than 2500mm2Thereby, a water flow from the water reservoir 230 into the clearance chamber 120 can be ensured, thereby improving the chip removal effect.
Experiments have shown that the cross-sectional area of a single exhaust port 210 corresponds to the strand discharge rate as follows:
S0=2250mm2the rate of thread residue was 46.7%;
S0=2965mm2the thread residue rate was 35.5%;
S0=3420mm2the rate of thread residue was 24.3%;
S0=3798mm2the thread residue rate was 19.3%.
Alternatively, the chip discharge port 210 may be provided in plurality in order to further improve the rate of wire-chip discharge, and may be provided at intervals in the circumferential direction of the inner cylinder 200.
Alternatively, the exhaust port 210 can be a grid-like through hole, such as a transverse grid-like through hole extending along the circumferential direction of the inner barrel 200 as shown in FIG. 28, and a vertical grid-like through hole extending along the axial direction of the inner barrel 200 as shown in FIG. 29, although the exhaust port 210 can also be a single through hole as shown in FIG. 27.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 2 and 3, a gap L between the pulsator 300 and the inner tub 200 in a radial direction of the pulsator 300 is 2.5mm to 3.5mm, that is, a minimum distance between an outer circumferential edge of the pulsator 300 and the inner tub 200 is 2.5mm to 3.5mm, so that, when the pulsator 300 rotates, lint in the water containing chamber 230 can be prevented from overflowing from the outer circumferential edge of the pulsator 300 to the washing chamber 220 to secure an amount of lint entering the gap chamber 120.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 2 and 6, the inner cartridge 200 includes a cartridge body 710, a cartridge bottom 720, and a flange 730.
The barrel 710 is annular in cross-section. The bottom 720 is mounted on the bottom of the cylinder 710, the side wall of the inner cylinder 200 can be formed by the cylinder 710 and the bottom 720 together, or can be formed by the cylinder 710 alone, the exhaust port 210 is arranged on the outer side surface of the cylinder 720, and the cylinder 720 has a mounting port 721 penetrating in the vertical direction. The flange 730 is mounted on the bottom 720 and covers the mounting opening 721, and the flange 730 and the bottom 720 together form the bottom wall of the inner cylinder 200. The driving assembly 800 may be mounted on the flange 730 and located below the flange 730, and the driving shaft 810 of the driving assembly 800 passes upward through the flange 730 to be connected with the pulsator 300, so as to drive the pulsator 300 to rotate.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 7 and 8, the pulsator 300 includes a wheel disk 330 and a plurality of water-repellent ribs 340.
The disk 330 is rotatably disposed in the inner cylinder 200, and a plurality of drain ribs 320 are disposed on a lower surface of the disk 330. A plurality of water stirring ribs 340 are arranged on the upper surface of the wheel disc 330, the water stirring ribs 340 are arranged at intervals along the circumferential direction of the wheel disc 330, each water stirring rib 340 can extend along the radial direction of the wheel disc 330 in general, and the plurality of water stirring ribs 340 extend into the washing cavity 220. The water replenishing holes 310 are divided into a disc surface water replenishing hole 311 arranged on the wheel disc 330 and a rib part water replenishing hole 312 arranged on the water stirring rib 340, and the disc surface water replenishing hole 311 and the rib part water replenishing hole 312 are arranged in a plurality of ways.
Through set up quotation moisturizing hole 311 and setting up muscle portion moisturizing hole 312 at water muscle 340 at rim plate 330, can make full use of impeller 300 interact with water when rotatory, make more water get into through moisturizing hole 310 and hold water cavity 230 to drive more thread scraps and get into and hold water cavity 230, with further improvement thread scraps discharge rate.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 8, the disk surface water supplement holes 311 are distributed in an 7/10 radius region of the pulsator 300 from the center to the outer circumferential edge of the pulsator 300, and the rib water supplement holes 312 are distributed in a 8/10 radius region of the pulsator 300 from the center to the outer circumferential edge of the pulsator 300.
In other words, the outer diameter of the pulsator 300 is R, and two annular boundary lines concentric with the pulsator 300 are assumed on the pulsator 300, wherein the radius of one of the boundary lines is R1, the radius of the other boundary line is R2, R1 is 7/10R, and R2 is 8/10R, the disk surface water filling holes 311 are distributed in the boundary line with the radius of R1, and the rib part water filling holes 312 are distributed in the boundary line with the radius of R2.
Therefore, when the pulsator 300 rotates, the water discharging ribs 320 push the washing water in the water containing cavity 230 to move centrifugally along the radial direction of the inner cylinder 200, the disk surface water replenishing holes 311 and the rib part water replenishing holes 312 are limited in the above range, the washing water in the water containing cavity 230 can be prevented from returning to the washing cavity 220 from the disk surface water replenishing holes 311 and the rib part water replenishing holes 312 under the extrusion of the water discharging ribs 320, the quantity of the thread scraps entering the clearance cavity 120 is ensured, and the thread scrap discharging rate is improved.
Further, in the radial direction of the pulsator 300, the disc surface water supplement holes 311 located on the outermost side are located at 7/10 radius of the pulsator 300 from the center to the outer circumferential edge of the pulsator 300, and the rib water supplement holes 312 located on the outermost side are located at 8/10 radius of the pulsator 300 from the center to the outer circumferential edge of the pulsator 300. That is, the outermost disk surface water replenishing holes 311 are located at the boundary of the radius R1, and the outermost rib water replenishing holes 312 are located at the boundary of the radius R2. Therefore, the washing water in the water containing cavity 230 can be ensured not to return to the washing cavity 220 from the disc surface water supplementing hole 311 and the rib part water supplementing hole 312, the whole occupied area of the disc surface water supplementing hole 311 and the rib part water supplementing hole 312 is increased as much as possible, the water quantity entering the water containing cavity 230 is increased, and the thread scrap quantity entering the water containing cavity 230 is increased.
Further, in order to further improve the lint discharging rate, the sum of the cross-sectional areas of the disk-surface water supplement holes 311 is 10% to 20% of the area of the projection of the pulsator 300 in the horizontal plane, and the sum of the cross-sectional areas of the rib-portion water supplement holes 312 is greater than 8% of the area of the projection of the pulsator 300 in the horizontal plane.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 7 and 8, the water-striking rib 340 has a first water-striking surface 341 and a second water-striking surface 342, and the rib water-filling hole 312 is provided in the first water-striking surface 341.
The first water level surface 341 is inclined from bottom to top in the direction of the second water level surface 342, the second water level surface 342 is inclined from bottom to top in the direction of the first water level surface 341, and the inclination angle of the first water level surface 341 relative to the horizontal plane is larger than the inclination angle of the second water level surface 342 relative to the horizontal plane; and/or
The first water level surface 341 is concave to the second water level surface 342 along the center of the first water level surface 341 in the length direction, the second water level surface 342 is convex in the direction far away from the first water level surface 341 along the center of the second water level surface 342 in the length direction, and the radian of the first water level surface 341 is larger than that of the second water level surface 342.
Like this, not only avoid dialling the trompil of muscle 340 both sides and lead to rivers directly to pass and dial the muscle 340 and do not get into and hold water chamber 230, and the first interact power of dialling the surface of water 341 and water is great, and the first surface of water 341 of dialling has great upward resistance to water, can collect more washing water entering and hold water chamber 230 to promote the line bits discharge rate by a wide margin. In addition, the stirring effect of the water stirring ribs 340 on the water flow is improved.
In some specific examples of the present invention, the water-stirring rib 340, the water-draining rib 320 and the wheel disc 330 are integrally formed, and an upward recess is formed at the bottom of the water-stirring rib 340, that is, it can be understood that the wheel disc 330 and the water-stirring rib 340 are formed by pressing and deforming a plate material to form the water-stirring rib 340 protruding upward, of course, this description is only for facilitating understanding of the structure of the pulsator 300, and is not limited to the processing technology of the pulsator 300, and the wheel disc 330 may also be formed by other methods such as injection molding.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 9 and 10, the drainage ribs 320 are multiple and radially distributed around the center of the pulsator 300, each drainage rib 320 is divided into an inner edge section 321 and an outer edge section 322 along the length direction of the drainage rib 320, the inner edge section 321 is located in the 2/5 radius area of the pulsator 300 from the center to the outer circumference edge of the pulsator 300, and the outer edge section 322 is located in the 3/5 radius area of the pulsator 300 from the outer circumference edge to the center of the pulsator 300.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 10, the pulsator 300 has an outer diameter R, and an annular boundary line is assumed on the pulsator, which is concentric with the pulsator 300, and has a radius R, R/R being 2/5, an inner edge section 321 being located within the boundary line, and an outer edge section 322 being located between the boundary line and the outer circumferential edge of the pulsator 300.
Wherein, as shown in fig. 9 and 10, the single-side area of the inner edge section 321 is S1, the single-side area of the outer edge section 322 is S2, and the single-side area S2 of the outer edge section 322 is not less than 1800mm2. It is understood that the area of one side of the inner edge section 321 and the area of one side of the outer edge section 322 refer to the areas of the surfaces of the inner edge section 321 and the outer edge section 322, on which the water streams are stirred, and, as shown in fig. 9, the area of one of the two sides of each of the inner edge section 321 and the outer edge section 322, which are orthogonal to the radial direction of the pulsator 300. Because the outer circumference of the pulsator 300 is generally tilted upwards, it is ensured that the outer side of the drainage rib 320 has a sufficiently large water-stirring area, so that a sufficiently large negative pressure is generated when the pulsator 300 rotates, and not only can the amount of water entering the clearance cavity 120 from the water-holding cavity 230 be increased, but also the amount of water entering the water-holding cavity 230 from the washing cavity 220 be increased, so as to increase the lint discharge rate.
Further, the single-sided area S2 of the outer edge section 322 is not more than 3500mm2To prevent the drainage rib 320 from occupying too much space in the inner tub 200, and ensure the washing capacity to ensure the washing efficiency.
Optionally, each drainage rib 320 has a single-sided area of 2500mm2~4500mm2I.e. S1+ S2 is 2500mm2~4500mm2So as to improve the displacement effect of the drainage rib 320 on the water flow.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 9, the ratio of the single-side area S1 of the inner edge section 321 to the single-side area S2 of the outer edge section 322 is not greater than 1/4, i.e., S1/S2 is not greater than 1/4, since the portion of the drain rib 320 that is further to the outside has a stronger drainage capability, the area of the low-efficiency region can be reduced by limiting the ratio of the above single-side areas, and the flow of the displacement water of the drain rib 320 can be made to be efficient as a whole.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 9 and 10, in order to improve the structural strength of the pulsator 300, a bottom reinforcing rib is provided at the bottom of the pulsator 300, and an inner edge section 321 of the drainage rib 320 is connected to the bottom reinforcing rib.
Specifically, the wheel bottom stiffener includes a plurality of wheel bottom annular stiffeners 350 and a plurality of wheel bottom radial stiffeners 360.
Each of the annular reinforcing ribs 350 extends in the circumferential direction of the pulsator 300, and a plurality of the annular reinforcing ribs 350 are coaxially disposed and located at the inner circumferential edge of the pulsator 300. Every wheel end radial strengthening rib 360 is located between two adjacent wheel end annular strengthening ribs 350 and links to each other with two adjacent wheel end annular strengthening ribs 350 respectively, and a plurality of wheel end radial strengthening ribs 360 set up along the circumference interval of impeller 300, and a plurality of wheel end radial strengthening ribs 360 can be arranged into round or many circles, and specific number of turns is decided by the quantity of wheel end annular strengthening rib 350, and the number of turns is one less than the number of wheel end annular strengthening rib 350 usually. The inner edge section 321 of the drainage rib 320 is connected to the outermost annular wheel bottom reinforcing rib 350, and the drainage rib 320 extends from the outermost annular wheel bottom reinforcing rib 350 to the outer circumferential edge of the pulsator 300 along the radial direction of the pulsator 300.
Further, as shown in fig. 9, the bottom corner of the outer end of the outer edge section 322 of the water drainage rib 320 is rounded to match the structure of the inner cylinder 200 and avoid scratching other parts during rotation with the impeller 300.
Alternatively, as shown in fig. 9, the lower edge of the inner edge section 321 is flush with the lower edge of the outer edge section 322 and is disposed in a horizontal direction, and the lower edge of the drainage rib 320 is disposed at an interval from the inner bottom surface of the inner cylinder 200, so as to improve the uniformity of displacement of the drainage rib 320 and water flow and avoid the interference between the drainage rib 320 and the inner cylinder 200.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 11 to 13, the washing machine 1 further includes a check valve plate 400.
The check valve plate 400 is disposed on the inner cylinder 200 and used to normally close the chip removal port 210, and the check valve plate 400 opens the chip removal port 210 by the impact of the fluid pushed by the water discharge rib 320 when rotating with the pulsator 300.
Specifically, the pulsator 300 rotates, the water discharge rib 320 rotates along with the pulsator 300, and water in the water containing cavity 230 is squeezed by the water discharge rib 320 to perform centrifugal motion, so that the squeezed water impacts the one-way valve sheet 400, the one-way valve sheet 400 opens the chip removal port 210, and the washing water in the water containing cavity 230 enters the clearance cavity 120 through the chip removal port 210. When the check valve plate 400 is not impacted by water flow, the check valve plate closes the chip removal port 210 to separate the water containing cavity 230 from the clearance cavity 120, thereby ensuring the reliability of other programs and preventing the filings in the clearance cavity 120 from returning to the water containing cavity 230 through the chip removal port 210.
Optionally, the check valve plate 400 may be made of a plastic material and formed by an injection molding process, and of course, the check valve plate 400 may also be made of other materials, such as metal and rubber.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 12, the check valve 400 is rotatably mounted to the inner barrel 200 and normally closes the exhaust port 210 by its own weight.
Specifically, the check valve sheet 400 includes a sheet body 410 and a weight increasing portion 420. The plate 410 is rotatably mounted to the inner cartridge 200. The weight increasing part 420 is disposed on the sheet body 410, and the weight of the weight increasing part 420 may account for more than 35% of the weight of the check valve sheet 400.
From this, through setting up weight portion 420, can increase the whole weight of check valve piece 400, can guarantee that check valve piece 400 only opens when impeller 300 is rotatory to crowd the rivers, and the disturbance that is difficult for receiving less rivers is switched repeatedly, guarantees promptly that check valve piece 400 is difficult for receiving the interference of little rivers.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the sheet body 410 is provided with a rotating shaft 430, the inner cylinder 200 is provided with a hook 440, the hook 440 forms a groove with an upward opening, two ends of the rotating shaft 430 respectively enter the groove from the opening to be rotatably engaged with the hook 440, and the check valve 400 rotates around the rotating shaft 430 to open and close the exhaust port 210.
For example, the cross section of the rotation shaft 430 is circular, the cross section of the groove formed by the hook 440 is semicircular with the opening facing upward, and the radius of the rotation shaft 430 is at least 0.5mm smaller than that of the groove, so as to ensure that the check valve sheet 400 can be smoothly assembled and rotated in the groove. The upward opening of the groove can ensure that the check valve plate 400 cannot slide out of the groove, so that the rotating contact area of the rotating shaft 430 is mainly the lower part of the groove.
Further, the rotating shaft 430 is disposed at the upper edge of the sheet body 410, and the weight increasing portion 420 is disposed on the surface of the sheet body 410 facing away from the chip removal port 210 and located at the lower edge of the sheet body 410. On the one hand, the water flow squeezed by the drainage rib 320 can conveniently push the one-way valve plate 400 to open the chip removal port 210, on the other hand, the position selection of the weight increasing part 420 can enable the whole gravity center of the one-way valve plate 400 to move downwards, so that the one-way valve plate 400 is not easily interfered by small water flow, and the setting of the weight increasing part 420 cannot influence the attaching degree of the one-way valve plate 400 when the chip removal port 210 is closed.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in fig. 12, the check valve plate 400 further includes a plate body stiffener 450, and the plate body stiffener 450 is disposed on a surface of the plate body 410 facing away from the exhaust port 210, so as to improve the structural strength of the check valve plate 400 and prolong the service life thereof.
Alternatively, the number of the sheet reinforcing ribs 450 is plural, each sheet reinforcing rib 450 extends in the up-down direction and the plural sheet reinforcing ribs 450 are arranged at intervals in the horizontal direction, and it should be understood that the up-down direction and the horizontal direction are referred to when the check valve sheet 400 closes the exhaust port 210. Of course, the arrangement of the sheet reinforcing ribs 450 is not limited thereto, and the sheet reinforcing ribs 450 may be arranged in other manners, such as extending horizontally, etc.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 11 to 13 and 15, in order to arrange the check valve 400 in the inner tube 200 without interference with other components, the outer surface of the inner tube 200 is provided with a receiving groove 470, and the check valve 400 is located in the receiving groove 470, for example, the receiving groove 470 is provided in the outer side surface of the inner tube 200 and penetrates the outer bottom surface of the inner tube 200, that is, the receiving groove 470 is provided in the bottom 720.
Further, as shown in fig. 11 to 13, the inner cylinder 200 is configured with a stop surface 460, a similar doorframe structure surrounding the chip removal port 210 can be arranged in the receiving groove 470, the stop surface 460 is formed on the doorframe structure, when the one-way valve sheet 400 closes the chip removal port 210, the stop surface 460 stops at the inner side of the one-way valve sheet 400, that is, the stop surface 460 stops at the closing side of the one-way valve sheet 400, so as to prevent the one-way valve sheet 400 from rotating excessively towards the closing side, and improve the sealing effect of the one-way valve sheet 400 on the chip removal port 210 when closing
Furthermore, the inner cylinder 200 is provided with a limiting structure 480, and the limiting structure 480 is used for limiting the maximum opening of the one-way valve sheet 400 for opening the chip removal port 210, that is, the limiting structure 480 is used for stopping the opening side of the one-way valve sheet 400 to limit the maximum opening of the one-way valve sheet 400, so as to prevent the one-way valve sheet 400 from excessively rotating towards the opening side and interfering with the outer cylinder 100. The stopper 480 may be formed at a sidewall of the receiving groove 470 and protrude inward of the receiving groove 470, for example, may be formed at two sidewalls of the receiving groove 470, which are opposite in the radial direction of the inner tube 200.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 13, when the check valve sheet 400 is stopped by the limiting structure 480 and is at the maximum opening degree, the maximum distance d1 between the check valve sheet 400 and the central axis of the inner cylinder 200 in the radial direction of the inner cylinder 200 is not greater than the maximum radius d2 of the inner cylinder 200. Preferably, d1 < d 2. Therefore, the safe collision allowance can be ensured, and the damage caused by the contact of the overlarge opening degree of the one-way valve sheet 400 and the outer barrel 100 can be avoided.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 14-16, the washing machine 1 further includes a waterfall spraying hood 500.
The waterfall spraying cover 500 is disposed in the inner tub 200 and defines a waterfall spraying flow passage 510, and the waterfall spraying flow passage 510 has a water inlet 511 communicated with the water containing cavity 230 and a spraying hole 512 communicated with the washing cavity 220. For example, the waterfall hood 500 and the inner side surface of the inner cylinder 200 together define a waterfall flow passage 510, and the water inlet 511 is provided at the lower end of the waterfall hood 500. When the pulsator 300 rotates, a portion of the washing water may be pushed into the waterfall passage 510 from the water inlet 511, and the water in the waterfall passage 510 ascends and is sprayed from the spray holes 512 to the washing chamber 220 under the centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the inner tub 200, thereby improving the washing effect.
Optionally, the waterfall hood 500 is disposed opposite to the exhaust port 210 in a radial direction of the inner cylinder 200.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 15 and 16, the inner cartridge 200 is configured to:
when the pulsator 300 rotates in one of the clockwise direction and the counterclockwise direction, the inner tub 200 guides the fluid in the water containing chamber 230 to the exhaust port 210 and blocks the fluid in the water containing chamber 230 from flowing to the water inlet 511;
when the pulsator 300 rotates in the other one of the clockwise direction and the counterclockwise direction, the inner tub 200 guides the fluid in the water containing chamber 230 to the water inlet 511 and blocks the fluid in the water containing chamber 230 from flowing toward the exhaust port 210.
Because the structure for automatically removing the line scraps has certain influence on waterfall-spraying water flow, the resistance of the water flow discharged from the scrap discharge port 210 is low, the resistance sprayed from the spray holes 512 is high, and the water flow sprayed from the spray holes 512 needs to overcome the lift resistance and the self gravity action, so the waterfall-spraying water quantity can be greatly reduced.
In the embodiment of the present invention, when the pulsator 300 rotates in one direction, one of the functions of waterfall and debris removal is weakened while the other function is strengthened, and vice versa. By the mode, the requirement of spraying waterfall water flow to wash clothes can be met by adjusting the steering direction of the impeller 300, and better thread scrap discharge rate can be ensured, so that the clothes are not adhered with thread scraps, and higher cleanliness is ensured.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 16, the outer periphery of the inner bottom surface of the inner cylinder 200 is provided with a boss 520 extending in the circumferential direction of the inner cylinder 200, the boss 520 is disposed around the pulsator 300, and the distance L between the outer periphery of the pulsator 300 and the boss 520 is 2.5mm to 3.5 mm. The boss 520 is provided with a debris discharge channel 530 communicating the water containing cavity 230 and the debris discharge port 210 and a waterfall channel 540 communicating the water containing cavity 230 and the water inlet 511, namely, due to the arrangement of the debris discharge channel 530 and the waterfall channel 540, the boss 520 is not in a closed loop structure but in an open loop structure.
As shown in fig. 16, one side wall of the chip removal channel 530 is configured to guide the fluid in the water containing cavity 230 to the chip removal guiding portion 531 of the chip removal port 210, the other side wall of the chip removal channel 530 is configured to block the fluid in the water containing cavity 230 from flowing to the chip removal flow blocking portion 532 of the chip removal port 210, and the chip removal guiding portion 531 and the chip removal flow blocking portion 532 are sequentially distributed along the clockwise direction and the counter-clockwise direction.
Further, one side wall of the waterfall spraying channel 540 is configured to guide the fluid in the water containing cavity 230 to the waterfall guiding portion 541 of the water inlet 511, the other side wall of the waterfall spraying channel 540 is configured to block the fluid in the water containing cavity 230 from flowing to the waterfall spraying choked flow portion 542 of the water inlet 511, and the waterfall spraying guiding portion 541 and the waterfall spraying choked flow portion 542 are sequentially distributed along the other one of the clockwise direction and the counterclockwise direction.
In other words, along the circumferential direction of the inner cylinder 200, the debris flow-obstructing portion 532, the debris flow-guiding portion 531, the waterfall flow-guiding portion 541, and the waterfall flow-obstructing portion 542 may be arranged in sequence.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 16, the outer end of the chip ejection guide 531 is offset in the one of the clockwise direction and the counterclockwise direction with respect to the inner end of the chip ejection guide 531. An outer end of the debris restriction portion 532 is offset in the one of the clockwise direction and the counterclockwise direction with respect to an inner end of the debris restriction portion 532.
An outer end of the waterfall spraying guide portion 541 is offset in the other one of the clockwise direction and the counterclockwise direction with respect to an inner end of the waterfall spraying guide portion 541. An outer end of the spray waterfall flow blocking portion 542 is offset in the other one of the clockwise direction and the counterclockwise direction with respect to an inner end of the spray waterfall flow blocking portion 542.
For example, in the example shown in fig. 16, the debris discharge flow guide portion 531 and the debris flow blocking portion 532 are obliquely disposed in a counterclockwise direction, and the spray waterfall flow guide portion 541 and the spray waterfall flow blocking portion 542 are obliquely disposed in a clockwise direction.
Referring to fig. 16, when the pulsator 300 rotates clockwise, the debris flow choking portion 532 stops the water flow, so that the water flow is difficult to enter the debris discharge passage 530, and the water flow is guided by the waterfall guiding portion 541, so that the water flow easily enters the waterfall spraying passage 540 and is finally sprayed from the spraying hole 512, most of the centrifugal water flow squeezed by the rotation of the pulsator 300 is converted into waterfall spraying water flow, and the washing of the clothes is enhanced.
When the pulsator 300 rotates counterclockwise, the water flow is difficult to enter the waterfall spraying passage 540 due to the blocking of the waterfall flow blocking portion 542, and the water flow is easily introduced into the chip removal port 210 by the flow guiding effect of the chip removal flow guiding portion 531, thereby facilitating the discharge of the thread chips.
Optionally, the debris discharge flow guide portion 531, the debris discharge flow blocking portion 532, the waterfall spray flow guide portion 541, and the waterfall spray flow blocking portion 542 may each be configured as a straight inclined surface. The debris discharge flow guiding portion 531, the debris flow choking portion 532, the waterfall spraying flow guiding portion 541 and the waterfall spraying flow choking portion 542 may be all configured into arc-shaped structures, specifically, in the cross section of the inner cylinder 200, the debris discharge flow guiding portion 531 is in an arc shape protruding towards the direction of the debris passage 530, the debris flow choking portion 532 is in an arc shape recessed towards the direction away from the debris passage 530, the waterfall spraying flow guiding portion 541 is in an arc shape protruding towards the direction of the waterfall spraying passage 540, and the waterfall spraying flow choking portion 542 is in an arc shape recessed towards the direction away from the waterfall spraying passage 540.
In other embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 17 and 18, the inner cylinder 200 is provided with water permeable holes, and in particular, the inner cylinder 200 is provided at a sidewall thereof with large water permeable holes 240 and small water permeable holes 250, the minimum cross-sectional area of the large water permeable holes 240 being larger than the minimum cross-sectional area of the small water permeable holes 250, i.e., the flow area of the large water permeable holes 240 is larger than the flow area of the small water permeable holes 250, the large water permeable holes 240 being located at an upper portion of the inner cylinder 200, and the small water permeable holes 250 being located at a lower portion of the inner cylinder 200. It should be understood that the upper and lower portions of the inner cylinder 200 may be defined by a central boundary line in the height direction of the inner cylinder 200, the upper portion of the boundary line being the upper portion of the inner cylinder 200 and the lower portion of the boundary line being the lower portion of the inner cylinder 200, and the boundary line may be finely adjusted in the vertical direction without being completely centered, so long as the inner cylinder 200 is formed with a structure having large upper water permeable holes and small lower water permeable holes throughout.
Therefore, the structure that the large water permeable holes 240 are formed in the upper portion of the inner barrel 200 and the small water permeable holes 250 are formed in the lower portion of the inner barrel 200 can ensure that the thread scraps are difficult to return to the inner barrel 200 again under the resistance action of the small water permeable holes 250 after water flow carrying the thread scraps enters the clearance cavity 120 through the scrap discharge port 210, so that the thread scraps are deposited or suspended in the clearance cavity 120 and are automatically discharged along with the water flow during water discharge. Meanwhile, due to the centrifugal climbing effect during dehydration, the large water permeable holes 240 at the upper part of the inner cylinder 200 can ensure better dehydration efficiency.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 17, the large water permeable holes 240 are located above a boundary line defined by 1/2 to 3/5 of the entire height of the inner tube 200, and the small water permeable holes 250 are located below the boundary line. Specifically, the overall height of the inner tub 200 is H, the height of the boundary line from the bottom of the inner tub 200 to the top is H, H/H is 1/2 to 3/5, the large water permeable holes 240 are located above the boundary line and the small water permeable holes 250 are located below the boundary line, so that the thread waste discharge rate and the dehydration efficiency can be ensured.
Optionally, the minimum cross-sectional area of the large water permeable holes 240 is 3mm2~9.5mm2The minimum cross-sectional area of the small water permeable holes 250 is 0.1mm2~3mm2
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 17 and 18, the large water permeable holes 240 and the small water permeable holes 250 are arranged in a plurality of rows on the sidewall of the inner tube 200, each row being arranged in the axial direction of the inner tube 200 and the plurality of rows being provided at intervals in the circumferential direction of the inner tube 200.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 19-21, the outer bottom surface of the inner cylinder 200 is provided with a plurality of water discharge wings 600, i.e. the bottom of the cylinder bottom 720 is provided with the water discharge wings 600, and the plurality of water discharge wings 600 form a pressure difference in the clearance cavity 120 when rotating with the inner cylinder 200, so that the fluid in the water containing cavity 230 enters the clearance cavity 120 through the exhaust port 210.
Specifically, during the washing process, the inner cylinder 200 is controlled to rotate at a certain speed through a program, the drainage wing 600 rotates along with the inner cylinder 200, the water level in the clearance cavity 120 is greatly increased due to the action of the drainage wing 600, so that a relatively low-pressure region is formed at the bottom of the clearance cavity 120, a sufficient pressure gradient is formed between the water containing cavity 230 and the relatively low-pressure region, the water flow in the water containing cavity 230 is discharged into the clearance cavity 120 through the chip removal port 210, and simultaneously the water in the washing cavity 220 is replenished into the water containing cavity 230 through the disk surface water replenishing holes 311 and the rib part water replenishing holes 312. After the inner tub 200 stops rotating, the water flow in the clearance chamber 120 returns to the washing chamber 220, and the lint is blocked by the water permeable holes of the inner tub 200 and is hard to enter the washing chamber 220, thus being temporarily retained in the clearance chamber 120 and discharged with the water flow when draining.
From this, adopt inner tube 200 bottom hydrofoil 600 to dial the mode that the water formed the relative low-pressure zone, improved chip removal efficiency and chip removal volume, and the setting of hydrofoil 600 is more nimble, and optional space is bigger, can promote the rivers replacement rate of holding water cavity 230 and clearance chamber 120 by a wide margin to promote the line bits discharge rate.
It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the manner of the drain wing 600 and the manner of the drain rib 320 may be alternatively or simultaneously provided.
Further, as shown in fig. 19 to 21, the hydrofoil 600 is plural and provided at the outer peripheral edge of the outer bottom surface of the inner cylinder 200 at intervals in the circumferential direction of the inner cylinder 200. The drain wings 600 are farther from the center of the inner cylinder 200, the centrifugal force effect is larger, and the water flow rate can be increased by arranging a large number of drain wings 600.
Alternatively, each hydrofoil 600 has a single-sided area of 400mm2~1200mm2I.e. the water-distributing area of the drainage fin 600 is 400mm2~1200mm2The sum of the areas of the single sides of the plurality of hydrofoils 600 is 12000mm2~36000mm2Thereby ensuring a good thread-chip removal rate and strength of the single hydrofoil 600.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 20 and 21, in a cross section of the inner tube 200, an outer end of the drain wing 600 is offset in a circumferential direction of the inner tube 200 with respect to an inner end of the drain wing 600, that is, the drain wing 600 is disposed obliquely with respect to a radial direction of the inner tube 200.
Optionally, as shown in fig. 20, in the cross section of the inner cylinder 200, the drainage wing 600 is linear, and an included angle α between a radial line where the drainage wing 600 and the inner end of the drainage wing 600 are located is-60 ° to 60 °, that is, an included angle α between a connecting line of the inner end of the drainage wing 600 and the center of the inner cylinder 200 and the length direction of the drainage wing 600 is-60 ° to 60 °. When α is a positive value, the inclination direction of the drainage wing 600 is the same as the rotation direction of the inner cylinder 200, and the power consumption is low at this time; when α is negative, the inclination direction of the drain fin 600 is opposite to the rotation direction of the inner cylinder 200, and the lint discharging rate is high.
Alternatively, as shown in fig. 21, in the cross section of the inner cylinder 200, the drainage wing 600 is arc-shaped, and an included angle β between a tangent line of the inner end of the drainage wing 600 and a tangent line of the outer end of the drainage wing 600 is 60 ° to 120 °, so that a large centrifugal water flow can be generated and power consumption is low.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 19 to 21, in order to improve the structural strength of the inner cylinder 200, the outer bottom surface of the inner cylinder 200 (i.e., the bottom of the cylinder bottom 720) is provided with cylinder bottom reinforcing ribs to which the drainage wings 600 are coupled.
Specifically, the cylinder bottom reinforcing ribs include a plurality of cylinder bottom annular reinforcing ribs 610 and a plurality of cylinder bottom radial reinforcing ribs 620.
Each of the cylinder bottom annular reinforcing ribs 610 extends in the circumferential direction of the inner cylinder 200, and a plurality of cylinder bottom annular reinforcing ribs 610 are coaxially arranged. Each cylinder bottom radial reinforcing rib 620 is arranged between two adjacent cylinder bottom annular reinforcing ribs 610 and is respectively connected with two adjacent cylinder bottom annular reinforcing ribs 610. The plurality of cylinder bottom radial reinforcing ribs 620 are arranged at intervals along the circumferential direction of the inner cylinder 200, and the plurality of cylinder bottom radial reinforcing ribs 620 can be arranged into one or more turns, the specific number of turns is determined by the number of the cylinder bottom annular reinforcing ribs 610, and the number of turns is usually one less than the number of the cylinder bottom annular reinforcing ribs 610. The hydrofoil 600 is connected to the outermost cylindrical bottom annular bead 610, and the hydrofoil 600 extends from the outermost cylindrical bottom annular bead 610 to the outer circumferential edge of the inner cylinder 200 in the radial direction of the inner cylinder 200.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 22-24, the inner cartridge 200 includes a cartridge body 710, a cartridge bottom 720, and a flange 730.
The barrel 710 is annular in cross-section. The bottom 720 is mounted on the bottom of the body 710, and the bottom 720 has a mounting opening 721. The flange 730 is divided into a central area 740, a middle edge area 750 and an outer edge area 760 from inside to outside along the radial direction of the flange 730, wherein the middle edge area 750 surrounds the central area 740, and the outer edge area 760 surrounds the middle edge area 750. The flange 730 is mounted to the base 720 by an outer edge region 760, a middle edge region 750 and a central region 740 together cover the mounting opening 721, the middle edge region 750 is constructed as a non-porous structure, and the central region 740 is used for mounting the drive assembly 800 of the pulsator 300. In other words, the flange 730 has a closed structure without holes, i.e., no water holes are provided in the flange 730, except for the holes required for mounting, for example, the holes provided for mounting the flange 730 to the inner tube 200 and the holes provided for mounting the flange 730 to the drive unit 800. Can cut off the circulation of rivers completely like this for the line bits in the clearance chamber 120 can not return to the washing chamber 220 again through ring flange 730, thereby promoted the line bits clearance, simultaneously, the ring flange 730 that does not have the limbers can promote the anti off-centre ability of inner tube 200, and simple structure, stamping die simple process, the process is few, has reduced production technology complexity and manufacturing cost.
Specifically, in order to meet the requirements of drainage and improvement of the rigidity of the inner cylinder, the distribution range of the openings on the flange is wide, the area of a single opening is small, if the existing flange is applied to the washing machine 1 in the invention, thread scraps in the space below the impeller are easy to remain on the upper part of the flange due to the viscous resistance action of water, a large amount of thread scraps are easy to be mixed at the matching part of the flange and the cylinder bottom to pollute the machine body after multiple times of washing, simultaneously, after the opening of the flange, the center of a bottom cavity between the outer cylinder and the inner cylinder is communicated with the central area of the space below the impeller, when the impeller rotates to wash clothes, water in the back cavity of the impeller is thrown to the periphery under the action of centrifugal force, so that a negative pressure area is formed in the central area, and water flow in the central area of the bottom cavity between the outer cylinder and the inner cylinder and water flow in the washing, the water replenishing mode upwards enables partial water flow with the thread scraps entering the space below the impeller to return to the space below the impeller, the upward part enters the washing cavity due to pressure when the impeller stops rotating, and meanwhile, the upward water replenishing flow can greatly weaken the downward water replenishing flow and reduce the discharge rate of the thread scraps in the washing cavity.
According to the flange 730 of the washing machine 1 provided by the embodiment of the invention, the arrangement of no water through hole can prevent the thread scraps from entering the water containing cavity 230 from the through hole, when the impeller 300 rotates, only the water replenishing hole 310 of the impeller 300 can replenish water for the water containing cavity 230 to maintain pressure balance, negative pressure formed after the water amount in the washing cavity is reduced is replenished by water flow of the clearance cavity 110 through the water through hole of the inner barrel, and the thread scraps which can return to the washing cavity 220 are only about 7-8%, so that the discharge rate of the thread scraps is effectively improved, and the residue rate of the thread scraps in the washing cavity 220 and the water containing cavity 230 is greatly reduced. In addition, thread scraps and dirt are not easily left on the flange 730.
And, the present ring flange that opens the water hole can reduce the rigidity of inner tube, especially the open macropore of concentrated region is bigger to the rigidity influence of inner tube, can make the clothing washing, under the eccentric condition appears during the dehydration, the risk of hitting a section of thick bamboo promotes by a wide margin, so require the trompil area on the ring flange can not be too big, and need the trompil on the ring flange to distribute widely, but, in order to compromise drainage speed, the trompil area on the ring flange can not the undersize, this just leads to current ring flange trompil area to set up to an intermediate value, arouse drainage speed, the barrel eccentricity hits a section of thick bamboo index and can not reach an optimal value.
According to the flange 730 of the washing machine 1 provided by the embodiment of the invention, the flange 730 without the water through hole can greatly reduce the risk of cylinder collision and improve the washing safety performance, and meanwhile, during drainage, the one-way valve plate 400 opens the chip removal port 210 under the action of water flow gravity to perform drainage action, so that the opening area of the chip removal port 210 can be set to be larger, the quick drainage is facilitated, and the drainage speed is improved.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 23 and 24, the outer edge region 760 is provided with a plurality of peripheral positioning slots 761 for positioning with the bottom 720, the plurality of peripheral positioning slots 761 are spaced apart along the circumference of the outer edge region 760, the outer edge region 760 may further be provided with a plurality of protrusions 762 protruding upward, and the plurality of peripheral positioning slots 761 are respectively provided with the plurality of protrusions 762. The outer edge 760 further has a plurality of holes 763, and the holes 763 are engaged with the protrusions 722 of the bottom 720 (as shown in fig. 21).
The center region 750 is provided with a rotation axis hole 741 through which the driving shaft 810 of the pulsator 300 passes, and the center region 740 is further provided with a plurality of screw holes 742 for fixing the driving assembly 800 of the pulsator 300, the plurality of screw holes 742 being disposed at intervals around the rotation axis hole 741.
In some embodiments of the invention, as shown in fig. 22-24, the central region 740 is at the same height as the central edge region 750 and is higher than the outer edge region 760, the central edge region 750 and the outer edge region 760 are connected by a transition ring 770 inclined with respect to the horizontal plane, and the bottom 720 is configured with a bevel for mating with the transition ring 770. Therefore, the tightness of the combination of the flange 730 and the cylinder bottom 720 can be improved, and the space below the inner cylinder 200 can be saved, so that the driving assembly 800 can be conveniently installed.
Further, the transition ring 770 is constructed in a non-porous structure to prevent wash water in the clearance cavity 120 and lint entrained therein from returning to the wash chamber 220 via the flange 730.
Optionally, to avoid stress concentrations and scratching other components, the transition ring 770 and the mid-rim region 750 and the transition ring 770 and the outer rim region 760, respectively, are rounded.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 23 and 24, the outer contour of the mounting opening 721 and the central region 750 is a circular shape with a shape matching with that of the central region 750, the outer contour of the outer region 760 is a rectangular shape, and the inner contour of the outer region 760 is a circular shape with a shape matching with that of the central region 750, so as to facilitate covering the mounting opening 721, reducing resistance to water flow, and facilitating stability of mounting the flange 730 and the inner cylinder 200.
The flange 730 is an integral member, i.e., the central region 740, the middle edge region 750, the outer edge region 760 and the transition ring 770 are integrally formed, so as to improve the structural strength of the flange 730 and simplify the production process and cost of the flange 730.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 25 and 26, the inner cartridge 200 includes a cartridge body 710, a cartridge bottom 720, and a flange 730.
The barrel 710 is annular in cross-section. The bottom 720 is mounted on the bottom of the body 710, and the bottom 720 has a mounting opening 721. The flange 730 is formed integrally with the bottom 720 by being fitted into the bottom 720, and the flange 730 covers the mounting port 721. Therefore, the combination gap between the flange plate 730 and the cylinder bottom 720 can be eliminated, the thread scraps are prevented from being mixed in the gap between the flange plate 730 and the cylinder bottom 720, on one hand, the discharge of the thread scraps is facilitated, and on the other hand, the cleanness of the washing environment of the washing machine 1 can be ensured.
Specifically, the flange 730 is a metal part, the bottom 720 is a plastic part, and the flange 730 is embedded into the bottom 720 by injection molding. The cost is greatly reduced by adopting the mixture of different materials compared with the integral inner cylinder bottom made of metal completely.
In some specific examples of the present invention, as shown in fig. 25 and 26, the flange 730 is divided into a central region 740, a central region 750 and an outer edge region (in this embodiment, the outer edge region is already embedded in the bottom 720 due to the angle of the drawing, so the outer edge region is not shown in the drawing) along the radial direction of the flange 730, the flange 730 is embedded in the bottom 720 through the outer edge region, the central region 750 and the central region 740 cover the mounting opening 721 together, the central region 750 is configured to be a non-porous structure, and the central region 740 is used for mounting the driving component 800 of the pulsator 300. In other words, the flange 730 is a closed type mechanism without holes except for the holes required for mounting, for example, the holes provided for mounting the flange 730 to the drive unit 800, i.e., the water holes are not provided in the flange 730.
Therefore, the flange 730 and the cylinder bottom 720 are integrated into a closed inner space and an outer space, when the impeller 300 rotates, the water flow with the thread scraps enters the clearance cavity 120 from the washing cavity 220 through the scrap discharge port 210, and the water flow only moves downwards from the washing cavity 220 to the water containing cavity 230 to supplement the water flow reduced by the water containing cavity 230. When the pulsator 300 stops rotating, the debris discharge port 210 is closed by the one-way valve sheet 400, and water in the gap chamber 120 can only return to the inner drum 200 through the water permeable holes, thereby filtering thread debris.
Moreover, the existing flange plate is provided with the limbers, so that the strength of the flange plate is increased by thickening or arranging an uneven structure to ensure the overall structural strength, the height of the flange plate is high, and the occupied space is large. In contrast, according to the flange 730 of the washing machine 1 of the embodiment of the present invention, since the flange 730 has a water-hole-free structure, it is not necessary to provide a thick and uneven structure, thereby reducing the occupied space. For example, the flange 730 can be a flat plate with a maximum height (i.e., thickness) of 5mm to 10mm, which is much smaller than the existing flange about 32mm, thereby saving a large amount of space.
In some specific examples of the present invention, the center region 740 is provided with a rotation axis hole 741 through which the driving shaft 810 of the pulsator 300 passes, and the center region 740 is further provided with a plurality of screw holes 742 for fixing the driving assembly 800 of the pulsator 300, the plurality of screw holes 742 being disposed at intervals around the rotation axis hole 741.
In some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in fig. 25 and 26, the mounting opening 721 is circular and matched with the outer contour of the flange 730, so as to facilitate the covering of the mounting opening 721, reduce the resistance to water flow, and facilitate the insertion of the flange 730 into the inner cylinder 200.
The flange 730 is an integral member, i.e., the central region 740, the central edge region 750 and the outer edge region 760 are integrally formed, so as to improve the structural strength of the flange 730 and simplify the production process and cost of the flange 730.
Other configurations, operations, etc. of the washing machine 1 according to the embodiment of the present invention are known to those of ordinary skill in the art and will not be described in detail herein.
In the description herein, references to the description of the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments," "an illustrative embodiment," "an example," "a specific example," or "some examples" or the like mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
While embodiments of the invention have been shown and described, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made to the embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. A washing machine, characterized by comprising:
an outer tub provided with a water discharge port;
the inner cylinder is rotatably arranged in the outer barrel, a clearance cavity communicated with the water outlet is defined between the inner cylinder and the outer barrel, and the inner cylinder is provided with a chip removal port;
the impeller, the impeller is rotationally located in the inner tube and inject the washing chamber that is located the impeller top and be located in the inner tube the appearance water cavity of impeller below, it passes through to hold the water cavity the chip removal mouth with the interstitial cavity intercommunication, the impeller is equipped with the intercommunication the washing chamber with hold a plurality of moisturizing holes in the water cavity and stretch into hold a plurality of drainage muscle in the water cavity, when the impeller is rotatory the drainage muscle promotes the fluid in holding the water cavity gets into the interstitial cavity by the chip removal mouth and the fluid in the washing cavity is by moisturizing hole mends the water cavity, the impeller includes:
the wheel disc is rotatably arranged in the inner cylinder, and the plurality of drainage ribs are arranged on the lower surface of the wheel disc;
the water distribution ribs are arranged on the upper surface of the wheel disc and extend into the washing cavity;
the water replenishing holes are divided into a disc surface water replenishing hole arranged on the wheel disc and a rib part water replenishing hole arranged on the water stirring rib, the disc surface water replenishing holes are distributed in an 7/10 radius area from the center to the peripheral edge of the impeller, and the rib part water replenishing holes are distributed in a 8/10 radius area from the center to the peripheral edge of the impeller;
wherein, the cross-sectional area of a single water replenishing hole is 10 mm-20 mm.
2. The washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the exhaust port is provided at a bottom of a sidewall of the inner tub.
3. The washing machine as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the maximum span of the cross-section of the water replenishing hole is not more than 6 mm.
4. The washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the disc surface water supplement hole located outermost in a radial direction of the pulsator is located at 7/10 radius of the pulsator from a center thereof to an outer circumferential edge.
5. The washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sum of the cross-sectional areas of the water replenishing holes on the surface of the water tray is 10% to 20% of the area of the projection of the pulsator in the horizontal plane.
6. The washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rib water supplement hole located outermost in a radial direction of the pulsator is located at 8/10 radius of the pulsator from a center thereof to an outer circumferential edge.
7. The washing machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the sum of the cross-sectional areas of the rib water supplement holes is greater than 8% of the area of the projection of the pulsator in a horizontal plane.
8. The washing machine as claimed in any one of claims 4 to 7, wherein the water-repellent rib has a first water-repellent surface and a second water-repellent surface, and the rib water-replenishing hole is provided in the first water-repellent surface;
the first water-stirring surface is obliquely arranged from bottom to top in the direction of the second water-stirring surface, the second water-stirring surface is obliquely arranged from bottom to top in the direction of the first water-stirring surface, and the inclination angle of the first water-stirring surface relative to the horizontal plane is larger than that of the second water-stirring surface relative to the horizontal plane; and/or
The first water surface of dialling is located to along its length direction's center to the second water surface of dialling is sunken, the second is dialled the center of its length direction of edge of surface of dialling and is located to keeping away from the first surface of dialling the direction protrusion, the radian of the first surface of dialling is greater than the radian of the second surface of dialling.
9. A washing machine as claimed in any one of claims 4 to 7 wherein the water-repelling rib, the water-draining rib and the wheel disc are integrally formed, the water-repelling rib having its base formed with an upwardly facing recess.
10. The washing machine as claimed in any one of claims 1-2 and 4-7, wherein a gap between the pulsator and the inner tub in a radial direction of the pulsator is 2.5mm to 3.5 mm.
CN201810343259.4A 2018-04-17 2018-04-17 Washing machine Active CN110387655B (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6048790A (en) * 1983-08-24 1985-03-16 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Washer
JP2002346270A (en) * 2001-05-24 2002-12-03 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Washing machine
CN106319813A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-11 无锡小天鹅股份有限公司 Pulsator washing machine
CN206616376U (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-11-07 滁州韩上电器有限公司 A kind of automatic washing machine magic line considers filtration to be worth doing

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6048790A (en) * 1983-08-24 1985-03-16 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Washer
JP2002346270A (en) * 2001-05-24 2002-12-03 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Washing machine
CN106319813A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-01-11 无锡小天鹅股份有限公司 Pulsator washing machine
CN206616376U (en) * 2017-02-24 2017-11-07 滁州韩上电器有限公司 A kind of automatic washing machine magic line considers filtration to be worth doing

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