CN110385335B - Comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction waste - Google Patents

Comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110385335B
CN110385335B CN201910678788.4A CN201910678788A CN110385335B CN 110385335 B CN110385335 B CN 110385335B CN 201910678788 A CN201910678788 A CN 201910678788A CN 110385335 B CN110385335 B CN 110385335B
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China
Prior art keywords
frame
crankshaft
dust
motor
plate
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CN201910678788.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110385335A (en
Inventor
祝云华
李达伟
李讯
王照安
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Neijiang Normal University
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Neijiang Normal University
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Priority to CN201910678788.4A priority Critical patent/CN110385335B/en
Publication of CN110385335A publication Critical patent/CN110385335A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/06Spray cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/02Jaw crushers or pulverisers
    • B02C1/04Jaw crushers or pulverisers with single-acting jaws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste or contaminated solids into something useful or harmless
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/58Construction or demolition [C&D] waste

Abstract

The invention discloses a comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction wastes, which mainly comprises an outer frame, a water pump, a fan, a spraying mechanism, a motor, a driving mechanism and a push plate, wherein the bottom end of the outer frame is fixedly provided with an underframe, the outer frame is positioned at the top end of the underframe and is provided with the push plate in a sliding manner, the right part of the top end of the push plate is rotatably provided with a swing rod, the side wall of the lower part of the left side of the outer frame is provided with a waste discharge port, and the outer wall of. The device is reasonable in structural design, and can be used for crushing and recovering concrete doped with framework steel bars, so that the great waste of steel caused by direct landfill and discarding is avoided; the equipment replaces an excavator to be assembled with a hydraulic breaking hammer to break concrete outside the steel reinforcement framework, so that the labor and equipment cost is reduced, the separation treatment time is short, and the field dust is avoided; broken concrete and reinforcing bar adopt electromagnetism to relay after the breakage and waste with automatic, and the process is simple and convenient, and is efficient, and the later stage is retrieved conveniently.

Description

Comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction waste
Technical Field
The invention relates to a waste recycling device, in particular to a comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction waste.
Background
The construction waste refers to the general name of dregs, waste concrete, waste bricks and stones and other wastes produced by people in the production activities of the construction industry such as demolition, construction, decoration and repair. The construction waste can be classified into engineering slag, decoration waste, demolition waste, engineering slurry and the like according to the production source, and can be classified into slag, concrete blocks, broken blocks of bricks and tiles, waste mortar, slurry, asphalt blocks, waste plastics, waste metals, waste bamboo and wood and the like according to the composition.
The concrete blocks are doped with skeleton reinforcing steel bars, and are directly buried and discarded to cause great waste of steel; but the concrete can not be integrally recycled, the excavator is mostly assembled with a hydraulic breaking hammer to break the concrete outside the steel reinforcement framework, the manpower and equipment cost is high, the separation treatment time is long, and the field dust emission is large; broken concrete and reinforcing bar separation process adopt artifical the picking after the breakage mostly, and inefficiency, later stage are retrieved inconveniently.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction wastes, which solves the problems in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction wastes, which mainly comprises an outer frame, a water pump, a fan, a spraying mechanism, a motor, a driving mechanism and a push plate, the bottom end of the outer frame is fixedly provided with an underframe, the outer frame is positioned at the top end of the underframe and is provided with a push plate in a sliding way, the right part of the top end of the push plate is rotatably provided with a swing rod, the side wall of the lower part of the left side of the outer frame is provided with a waste discharge port, the outer wall of the lower part of the right side of the outer frame is fixedly provided with an upper bracket, the right part of the rear side of the upper bracket is fixedly provided with an upper sliding pin, a lower bracket is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the right side of the outer frame between the upper bracket and the push plate, a rotating shaft is rotatably arranged on the inner side of the right part of the lower bracket, a turntable is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the rotating shaft at the rear side of the lower bracket, a lower sliding pin is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the rear side of the turntable, the swing rod is sleeved outside the upper sliding pin and the lower sliding pin, and a rotating shaft wheel is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the rotating shaft positioned in the front part of the lower bracket;
the outer wall of the lower part of the front side of the outer frame is rotatably provided with a distributing door, the lower part of the front side of the distributing door is fixedly provided with an electromagnet, the outer wall of the lower part of the right side of the outer frame is fixedly provided with a tact switch, the outer wall of the right part of the front side of the distributing door is fixedly provided with a support plate matched with the tact switch, the outer wall of the middle part of the left side of the outer frame is fixedly provided with a dust-settling frame with a right opening, the left end of the dust-settling frame is fixedly provided with an access plate, the right side of the dust-settling frame is fixedly;
the inner wall of the upper part of the left side of the outer frame is fixedly provided with a fixed plate, the outer wall of the upper part of the left side of the outer frame is fixedly provided with a reinforcing frame matched with the fixed plate, the outer wall of the middle part of the right side of the outer frame is fixedly provided with a limiting frame, the outer wall of the middle part of the outer frame, which is positioned at the upper side of the limiting frame, is provided with an assembly port, the outer frame is provided with an adjusting frame in an inserting way at the assembly port, the front side wall and the rear side wall of the outer frame are fixedly provided with guide rods matched with the adjusting frame, the middle part of the limiting frame is provided with a limiting rod in a penetrating way, the outer side of the limiting rod is sleeved with bolts symmetrically arranged by taking the limiting frame as the center, the middle part of the adjusting frame is provided with an, the upper part of the right side of the assembling plate is fixedly provided with a swing arm seat, the inner wall of the right part of the top end of the outer frame is fixedly provided with a crankshaft seat, a driving mechanism is rotatably arranged between the outer wall of the upper part of the right side of the outer frame and the crankshaft seat, and the driving mechanism is rotatably connected with the swing arm seat;
the frame right side middle part fixed mounting has the motor case, and motor case inboard fixed mounting has the motor, and the motor shaft fixed mounting of motor has the action wheel, is connected through the belt between action wheel and actuating mechanism and the pivot wheel respectively, the feed inlet has been seted up on the frame top.
As a further scheme of the invention: the spraying mechanism mainly comprises a water pump, a water distribution pipe and a spray head, the water pump is fixedly installed on the top end of the dust-settling frame through bolts, an inlet of the water pump is communicated with external water supply equipment through a water pipe, an outlet of the water pump is fixedly installed with the water distribution pipe, a spray head is fixedly installed at the bottom end of the water distribution pipe, an opening matched with the spray head is formed in the side wall of the top end of the dust-settling frame, the spray head is inserted and installed on the top end of the dust-settling frame through the opening, and the spray head is fixedly.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the driving mechanism mainly comprises a flywheel, a crankshaft wheel and a swing arm, bearings are arranged between the crankshaft and the front side wall and the rear side wall of the outer frame in an assembling mode, the crankshaft is connected with a crankshaft seat in a penetrating mode, the crankshaft wheel is fixedly installed at the front end of the crankshaft, a belt is arranged between the crankshaft wheel and the driving wheel in an assembling mode, the crankshaft is located at the position of the eccentric shaft and is rotatably installed with the swing arm, the swing arm is rotatably connected with the swing arm seat, and the flywheel.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the upper part of the inner side of the distributing door is embedded with a perspective window, and the middle part of the front side of the distributing door is fixedly provided with a handle.
As a still further scheme of the invention: and a cover plate is fixedly arranged on the right side of the motor box.
As a still further scheme of the invention: a slag outlet is formed in the left portion of the bottom end of the dust falling frame.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the electromagnet, the water pump, the fan, the motor and the tact switch are electrically connected with an external power supply and external control equipment, the external control equipment adopts a YH200-900 type programmable controller, and the motor adopts a speed reduction motor.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the device is reasonable in structural design, and can be used for crushing and recovering concrete doped with framework steel bars, so that the great waste of steel caused by direct landfill and discarding is avoided; the equipment replaces an excavator to be assembled with a hydraulic breaking hammer to break concrete outside the steel reinforcement framework, so that the labor and equipment cost is reduced, the separation treatment time is short, and the field dust is avoided; broken concrete and reinforcing bar adopt electromagnetism to relay after the breakage and waste with automatic, and the process is simple and convenient, and is efficient, and the later stage is retrieved conveniently.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a comprehensive treatment apparatus for recycling construction wastes.
FIG. 2 is a front view of the comprehensive treatment apparatus for recycling construction wastes.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram at a in fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of a right viewing angle a in fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of a rear view angle B in fig. 1.
Fig. 6 is a schematic position diagram between a spraying mechanism and a dust falling frame in the comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction wastes.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram at C in fig. 1.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a top view at C in fig. 1.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a right viewing angle at C in fig. 1.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the structure at D in fig. 2.
In the figure: the device comprises an outer frame 1, an electromagnet 2, a material dividing door 3, a dust falling frame 4, an access panel 5, a water distribution pipe 6, a water pump 7, a fan 8, a reinforcing frame 9, a bottom frame 10, a motor box 11, a driving wheel 12, a flywheel 13, a crankshaft 14, a crankshaft wheel 15, a motor 16, a guide rod 17, an adjusting frame 18, a limiting rod 19, a limiting frame 20, a tact switch 21, an upper frame 22, a swing rod 23, a rotary disc 24, a rotary shaft wheel 25, a rotary shaft 26, a push plate 27, a crankshaft seat 28, a fixed plate 29, a lower frame 30, a swing arm 31, an assembling plate 32, an upper sliding pin 33, a lower sliding pin 34, an inserting sleeve 35, a spray head 36, an adapter 37, a bolt 38, a movable plate 39, a.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and therefore, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "disposed" are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, disposed, detachably connected, disposed, or integrally connected and disposed. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, in the embodiment of the present invention, a comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction waste mainly includes an outer frame 1, a water pump 7, a fan 8, a spraying mechanism, a motor 16, a driving mechanism and a push plate 27, wherein a bottom frame 10 is fixedly installed at a bottom end of the outer frame 1, the push plate 27 is slidably installed at a top end of the bottom frame 10 of the outer frame 1, a swing rod 23 is rotatably installed at a right portion of a top end of the push plate 27, a waste discharge port is formed in a side wall of a lower portion of a left side of the outer frame 1, an upper bracket 22 is fixedly installed on an outer wall of a lower portion of a right side of the outer frame 1, an upper sliding pin 33 is fixedly installed at a right portion of a rear side of the upper bracket 22, a lower bracket 30 is fixedly installed on an outer wall of a right side of the outer frame 1 between the upper bracket 22 and the push plate 27, a rotating, the swing rod 23 is sleeved outside the upper sliding pin 33 and the lower sliding pin 34, and the outer wall of the rotating shaft 26 at the front part of the lower bracket 30 is fixedly provided with a rotating shaft wheel 25;
the outer wall of the lower part of the front side of the outer frame 1 is rotatably provided with a distributing door 3, the lower part of the front side of the distributing door 3 is fixedly provided with an electromagnet 2, the outer wall of the lower part of the right side of the outer frame 1 is fixedly provided with a light touch switch 21, the outer wall of the right part of the front side of the distributing door 3 is fixedly provided with a supporting plate 41 matched with the light touch switch 21, the outer wall of the middle part of the left side of the outer frame 1 is fixedly provided with a dust-falling frame 4 with a right opening, the left end of the dust-falling frame 4 is fixedly provided with an access plate 5, the right side of the dust-falling frame 4 is fixedly provided with a mesh plate;
the inner wall of the upper portion of the left side of the outer frame 1 is fixedly provided with a fixed plate 29, the outer wall of the upper portion of the left side of the outer frame 1 is fixedly provided with a reinforcing frame 9 matched with the fixed plate 29, the outer wall of the middle portion of the right side of the outer frame 1 is fixedly provided with a limiting frame 20, the outer wall of the middle portion of the outer frame 1, which is positioned at the upper side of the limiting frame 20, is provided with an assembly port, the outer frame 1, which is positioned at the assembly port, is provided with an adjusting frame 18 in a splicing manner, the front and rear side walls of the outer frame 1 are fixedly provided with a guide rod 17 matched with the adjusting frame 18, the middle portion of the limiting frame 20 is provided with a limiting rod 19 in a penetrating manner, the outer side of the limiting rod 19 is sleeved with a bolt 38 symmetrically arranged by taking the limiting frame 20 as a center, the middle, the middle of the adapter 37 is rotatably provided with an assembling plate 32, the left side of the assembling plate 32 is fixedly provided with a movable plate 39, the upper part of the right side of the assembling plate 32 is fixedly provided with a swing arm seat 40, the inner wall of the right part of the top end of the outer frame 1 is fixedly provided with a crankshaft seat 28, a driving mechanism is rotatably arranged between the outer wall of the upper part of the right side of the outer frame 1 and the crankshaft seat 28, and the driving mechanism is rotatably connected with the swing arm seat 40;
the middle part of the right side of the outer frame 1 is fixedly provided with a motor box 11, the inner side of the motor box 11 is fixedly provided with a motor 16, a motor shaft of the motor 16 is fixedly provided with a driving wheel 12, the driving wheel 12 is connected with a driving mechanism and a rotating shaft wheel 25 through belts respectively, and the top end of the outer frame 1 is provided with a feeding hole.
Spray mechanism mainly includes water pump 7, water distribution pipe 6 and shower nozzle 36, water pump 7 passes through bolt fixed mounting on 4 tops of dust fall frame, the entry of water pump 7 leads to with outside water supply equipment through the water pipe, the export fixed mounting of water pump 7 has water distribution pipe 6, and 6 bottom fixed mounting of water distribution pipe have shower nozzle 36, 4 top lateral walls of dust fall frame seted up with shower nozzle 36 complex opening, shower nozzle 36 is pegged graft via the opening and is installed on 4 tops of dust fall frame, through bolt fixed connection between shower nozzle 36 and the 4 top lateral walls of dust fall frame.
The driving mechanism mainly comprises a flywheel 13, a crankshaft 14, a crankshaft wheel 15 and a swing arm 31, bearings are assembled between the crankshaft 14 and the front side wall and the rear side wall of the outer frame 1, the crankshaft 14 is connected with a crankshaft seat 28 in a penetrating mode, the crankshaft wheel 15 is fixedly installed at the front end of the crankshaft 14, a belt is assembled between the crankshaft wheel 15 and the driving wheel 12, the swing arm 31 is rotatably installed at the position, located on the eccentric shaft, of the crankshaft 14, the swing arm 31 is rotatably connected with a swing arm seat 40, and the flywheel 13 is fixedly installed at the rear end of the.
The upper part of the inner side of the material distributing door 3 is embedded with a perspective window, and the middle part of the front side of the material distributing door 3 is fixedly provided with a handle.
And a cover plate is fixedly arranged on the right side of the motor box 11.
A slag outlet is formed in the left part of the bottom end of the dust falling frame 4.
The electromagnet 2, the water pump 7, the fan 8, the motor 16 and the tact switch 21 are electrically connected with an external power supply and external control equipment, the external control equipment adopts a YH200-900 type programmable controller, and the motor 16 adopts a speed reduction motor.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the invention relates to a comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction wastes, which is characterized in that when in use, a steel bar framework integrated with massive concrete is sequentially put into an outer frame 1 from the top end, and an electromagnet 2, a water pump 7, a fan 8, a motor 16 and a tact switch 21 are controlled to be electrified to work by external control equipment;
the motor 11 drives the crankshaft 14 to rotate slowly, the flywheel 13 and the crankshaft 14 rotate synchronously, the influence of eccentric acting force generated when the crankshaft 14 rotates on the stability of equipment is reduced by means of the inertia of the rotation of the flywheel 13 with larger mass, the crankshaft 14 drives the assembling plate 32 to swing around the rotating joint 37 through the swinging wall 31, when the assembling plate 32 swings, the distance between the fixed plate 29 and the movable plate 39 changes in a reciprocating manner, when the distance between the fixed plate 29 and the movable plate 39 becomes larger, waste material falls, when the distance between the fixed plate 29 and the movable plate 39 becomes smaller, the waste material is extruded and crushed, after each crushing is finished, by opening the distributing door 3, the electromagnet 2 on the distributing door 3 absorbs reinforcing steel bars on the distributing door 3 and takes out along with the door opening action, when the door opening angle reaches 90 degrees, the abutting plate 41 contacts the tact switch 21, the tact switch 21 is powered off, the external control equipment detects a power off signal of the tact switch 21, the electromagnet 2 is powered off, and the steel bar automatically falls off;
the multistage fractional crushing is preferably adopted, after the crushing is finished, the position of the adjusting frame 18 is controlled through the bolt 38, the bolt 38 is pulled out through pulling the limiting rod 19 forwards and backwards, so that the adjusting frame 18 can move by itself, a user can gradually approach the position of the fixed plate 29 through adjusting the lower end of the assembling plate 32, the crushing degree of the discharged material is changed, the concrete outside the reinforcing steel bar is ensured to be completely crushed, and the equipment cannot be damaged due to overlarge single crushing extrusion force;
when the concrete is crushed, the motor 16 drives the rotating shaft 26 to rotate, the rotating shaft 26 drives the swing rod 23 to swing left and right around the upper sliding pin 33 through the turntable 24, the lower end of the swing rod 23 drives the push plate 27 to move left and right when swinging, the concrete at the top end of the push plate 27 can be pushed right when the push plate 27 moves right, the concrete can be pushed left when the push plate 27 moves left, the right space of the push plate 27 which is pushed empty by the side wall of the outer frame 1 can be covered by the falling concrete again, and the crushed concrete can be gradually pushed out of the outer frame 1 when reciprocating;
a right fan 8 is arranged on the outer frame 1 to guide air at a crushing position, so that floating dust enters the dust-settling frame 4, the dust is settled under the spraying action of a water pump 7 and a spray head 36, and the mixed dust and water mist are sprayed on concrete pushed out by a push plate 27 to play a role in dust settling;
the device can crush and recover the concrete doped with the framework steel bars, thereby avoiding the great waste of steel caused by direct landfill and discarding; the equipment replaces an excavator to be assembled with a hydraulic breaking hammer to break concrete outside the steel reinforcement framework, so that the labor and equipment cost is reduced, the separation treatment time is short, and the field dust is avoided; broken concrete and reinforcing bar adopt electromagnetism to relay after the breakage and waste with automatic, and the process is simple and convenient, and is efficient, and the later stage is retrieved conveniently.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a construction waste recycling comprehensive treatment device, mainly includes frame (1), water pump (7), fan (8), sprays mechanism, motor (16), actuating mechanism and push pedal (27), its characterized in that, frame (1) bottom fixed mounting has chassis (10), frame (1) is located chassis (10) top slidable mounting has push pedal (27), and pendulum rod (23) are installed in the rotation of push pedal (27) top right part, frame (1) left side lower part lateral wall has seted up the waste discharge mouth, frame (1) right side lower part outer wall fixed mounting has upper bracket (22), and upper bracket (22) rear side right part fixed mounting has last smooth round pin (33), outer wall fixed mounting that frame (1) right side is located between upper bracket (22) and push pedal (27) has lower carriage (30), and pivot (26) are installed in the rotation of lower carriage (30) right part inboard, a rotary table (24) is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the rotary shaft (26) positioned at the rear side of the lower support (30), a lower sliding pin (34) is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the rear side edge of the rotary table (24), the swing rod (23) is sleeved on the outer sides of the upper sliding pin (33) and the lower sliding pin (34), and a rotary shaft wheel (25) is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the rotary shaft (26) positioned at the front part of the lower support (30);
the dust-settling device is characterized in that a distributing door (3) is rotatably mounted on the outer wall of the lower portion of the front side of the outer frame (1), an electromagnet (2) is fixedly mounted on the lower portion of the front side of the distributing door (3), a light touch switch (21) is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the lower portion of the right side of the outer frame (1), a supporting plate (41) matched with the light touch switch (21) is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the right portion of the front side of the distributing door (3), a dust-settling frame (4) with an opening facing right is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the middle portion of the left side of the outer frame (1), an access plate (5) is fixedly mounted on the left end of the dust-settling frame (4), a mesh plate is fixedly mounted on the right side of the dust-settling;
the inner wall of the upper portion of the left side of the outer frame (1) is fixedly provided with a fixed plate (29), the outer wall of the upper portion of the left side of the outer frame (1) is fixedly provided with a reinforcing frame (9) matched with the fixed plate (29), the outer wall of the middle portion of the right side of the outer frame (1) is fixedly provided with a limiting frame (20), the outer wall of the middle portion of the outer frame (1) positioned at the upper side of the limiting frame (20) is provided with an assembly port, the outer frame (1) positioned at the assembly port is provided with an adjusting frame (18) in an inserting mode, the front side wall and the rear side wall of the outer frame (1) are fixedly provided with guide rods (17) matched with the adjusting frame (18), the middle portion of the limiting frame (20) is provided with a limiting rod (19) in a penetrating mode, the outer side wall of the limiting rod (19) is provided with inserting sleeves (35) symmetrically arranged by taking the limiting frame (20) as the center, the middle part of the left end of the adjusting frame (18) is fixedly provided with an adapter (37), the middle part of the adapter (37) is rotatably provided with an assembling plate (32), the left side of the assembling plate (32) is fixedly provided with a movable plate (39), the upper part of the right side of the assembling plate (32) is fixedly provided with a swing arm seat (40), the inner wall of the right part of the top end of the outer frame (1) is fixedly provided with a crankshaft seat (28), a driving mechanism is rotatably arranged between the outer wall of the upper part of the right side of the outer frame (1) and the crankshaft seat (28), and the driving mechanism is rotatably connected;
frame (1) right side middle part fixed mounting has motor case (11), and motor case (11) inboard fixed mounting has motor (16), and the motor shaft fixed mounting of motor (16) has action wheel (12), is connected through the belt between action wheel (12) and actuating mechanism and pivot wheel (25) respectively, the feed inlet has been seted up on frame (1) top.
2. The comprehensive treatment device for recycling building wastes according to claim 1, wherein the spraying mechanism mainly comprises a water pump (7), a water distribution pipe (6) and a spray head (36), the water pump (7) is fixedly installed at the top end of the dust-settling frame (4) through bolts, an inlet of the water pump (7) is communicated with external water supply equipment through a water pipe, an outlet of the water pump (7) is fixedly installed with the water distribution pipe (6), the bottom end of the water distribution pipe (6) is fixedly provided with the spray head (36), an opening matched with the spray head (36) is formed in the top end side wall of the dust-settling frame (4), the spray head (36) is inserted and installed at the top end of the dust-settling frame (4) through the opening, and the spray head (36) is fixedly connected with the top end side wall of the dust.
3. The comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction wastes according to claim 1, wherein the driving mechanism mainly comprises a flywheel (13), a crankshaft (14), a crankshaft wheel (15) and a swing arm (31), bearings are assembled between the crankshaft (14) and the front and rear side walls of the outer frame (1), the crankshaft (14) is connected with a crankshaft seat (28) in a penetrating manner, the crankshaft wheel (15) is fixedly installed at the front end of the crankshaft (14), a belt is assembled between the crankshaft wheel (15) and the driving wheel (12), the swing arm (31) is rotatably installed at the position of the eccentric shaft of the crankshaft (14), the swing arm (31) is rotatably connected with a swing arm seat (40), and the flywheel (13) is fixedly installed at the rear end of the crankshaft (14).
4. The comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction wastes according to claim 1, wherein a transparent window is embedded and installed at the upper part of the inner side of the distributing door (3), and a handle is fixedly installed at the middle part of the front side of the distributing door (3).
5. The comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction wastes according to claim 1, wherein a cover plate is fixedly installed at the right side of the motor box (11).
6. The comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction wastes according to claim 1, wherein a slag outlet is formed at the left portion of the bottom end of the dust falling frame (4).
7. The comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction waste as claimed in claim 1, wherein the electromagnet (2), the water pump (7), the blower (8), the motor (16) and the tact switch (21) are electrically connected to an external power supply and an external control device, the external control device is a YH200-900 type programmable controller, and the motor (16) is a speed reduction motor.
CN201910678788.4A 2019-07-25 2019-07-25 Comprehensive treatment device for recycling construction waste Active CN110385335B (en)

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