CN110374236A - A kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole - Google Patents

A kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110374236A
CN110374236A CN201910661685.7A CN201910661685A CN110374236A CN 110374236 A CN110374236 A CN 110374236A CN 201910661685 A CN201910661685 A CN 201910661685A CN 110374236 A CN110374236 A CN 110374236A
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China
Prior art keywords
integrated unit
aluminum facade
unit aluminum
lifting
construction
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CN201910661685.7A
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CN110374236B (en
Inventor
侯春明
任志平
张兴志
杜福祥
戴超
武雄飞
赵云鹏
马靖华
刘旭冉
赵长江
王丹
吕桂元
张萍
陈春辉
毋敏
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China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910661685.7A priority Critical patent/CN110374236B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/342Structures covering a large free area, whether open-sided or not, e.g. hangars, halls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/35Extraordinary methods of construction, e.g. lift-slab, jack-block
    • E04B1/3511Lift-slab; characterised by a purely vertical lifting of floors or roofs or parts thereof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/88Curtain walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/35Extraordinary methods of construction, e.g. lift-slab, jack-block
    • E04B2001/3588Extraordinary methods of construction, e.g. lift-slab, jack-block using special lifting or handling devices, e.g. gantries, overhead conveying rails

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole, a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole disclosed by the invention, integral hoisting suitable for super large integrated unit aluminum facade is constructed, it is particularly suitable for having the integral hoisting of bi-curved super large integrated unit aluminum facade to construct, mainly includes following construction characteristic: super large integrated unit overall package jig frame platform construction technology;Super large integrated unit entirety BIM sunykatuib analysis;Super large integrated unit CONTROLLED INTEGRAL LIFT TECHNOLOGY.Construction method in this case surpasses the construction across aluminum facade suitable for superelevation, using the hoisting technology of integral lifting, is not only able to that construction safety and construction period is effectively ensured, saves construction cost, and can effectively ensure that construction safety.

Description

A kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole
Technical field
The invention belongs to build upper air installing technical field of construction, and in particular to a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminium sheet curtain Wall construction method for lifting whole.
Background technique
With the rapid development of China's modern architecture, the design of Super High high building vestibule more and more by architecture field and The favor of people.The development of aluminum facade technology all reaches in beauty, color, color difference, durable, planarization and moulding The level of one update designs creation for architect and provides wide imagination space, therefore can usually design in modern architecture The design element of aluminum facade.As construction technology level is continuously improved, the construction technology of aluminum facade is also evolving.But It is in the prior art, to be directed to the aluminum facade of superelevation ultra-wide, still or using assembled construction technology carries out, mainly Reason is: first is that being directed to the aluminum facade of ultra-wide super large, current also not ready-made construction technology technology be can refer to;Second is that The lifting of the aluminum facade of ultra-wide super large is also a problem, such as without the suitable anti-cross of suspender, aluminum facade in hoisting process Wind energy power is poor, lifting is just and location difficulty and the invisible risk factors of upper air installing are excessive etc..
For the aluminum facade of ultra-wide super large, the hyperboloid collection of ultra-wide superelevation is devised if Fushi's crystal vestibule is carried out in Chongqing At unit aluminum facade, the bottom absolute altitude of aluminum facade has reached spacing between 200m and vestibule high building and has reached 50m, design Each unit aluminum facade length reach 38.5 meters, width reach 11m.It is at least domestic at present without have been carried out Project case can be with Reference is provided.Difficulty is highlighted by the way of the stitching operation of high-altitude: first is that superelevation is super can not to set up scaffold across high altitude operation, It is so almost also just unable to complete and completes the assembly of aluminum facade in high-altitude;Hanging operation according to such as bridge one kind or Be using tower crane serpent operating platform, then difficulty of construction and required measure cost etc. will far beyond normal construction level, And construction period will extend, and personnel's operation difficulty is very large, and quality is also difficult to ensure;Third is that construction safety, such as personnel Safety and machine security are unable to get guarantee, easily lead to safety accident.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the present invention lies in provide a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade integrally to be promoted Construction method surpasses the construction across aluminum facade suitable for superelevation, using the hoisting technology of integral lifting, guarantee construction safety and Construction period saves construction cost, guarantees construction safety.
Technical scheme is as follows: a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole, packet Include following construction procedure:
Step 1.1: surveying setting-out, it is compound to have control point, it arranges lateral triangulation lead net, establishes integrated unit aluminum facade Construction control net;
Step 1.2: suspension centre arrangement, with BIM technology, with computer manufacture theory moulding bed model and corresponding building Model, Integration Theory suspension centre and moulding bed model carry out collision detection, adjust corresponding position of collision suspension centre cloth according to inspection result It sets;
Step 1.3: according to computer theory data creating moulding bed, and to the structure stress of moulding bed carry out checking computations ensure moulding bed Using safe, the moulding bed is utilized to complete the ground assembling of integrated unit aluminum facade;
The moulding bed is assembly type moulding bed, and moulding bed includes the left support frame being symmetrical set, right support frame and is located at Support stand among left support frame and right support frame, left support frame, right support frame and support stand by 3m long finished product Steel truss passes through at the scene to be completed;Left support frame, support stand and right support frame successively arrange and form V-shaped structure;
Step 1.4: according to curtain wall construction drawing, by unit plate according to different type numbers, then carrying out assembled, collection It is completed on moulding bed at the integral assembling of unit aluminum facade;
Step 1.5: the integral hoisting of integrated unit aluminum facade, including it is anti-using hydraulic lifting system, upper air installing Beam wind device and upper air installing horizontal sliding positioning device;Wherein, hydraulic lifting system include hydraulic pump source system, it is hydraulic The measuring instruments such as lifter, high-pressure oil pipe, computer control system, sensor, dedicated steel strand wires and matching used total station Device;
The anti-beam wind device of upper air installing includes at least two jacket stationary type wind resisting structures and at least a set of overhanging type wind resistance Structure;The fixed wind resisting structure includes that the first cable rope and two pull the fixed steel truss of wind, one of them is pulled wind and fixes Steel truss be used to be fixedly mounted on building high floor, another pull the fixed steel truss of wind for being fixedly mounted on building Low layer floor;First cable rope is vertically arranged and the fixed steel truss of wind is pulled at the both ends of the first cable rope with two respectively It is fixedly connected;The overhanging type wind resisting structure includes the second cable rope and two triangle steelframes;One of triangle steel Frame is used to be fixedly mounted on the high floor of building, another triangle steelframe is used to be fixedly mounted on the low layer building of building Plate;The both ends of second cable rope are fixedly connected with two triangle steelframes respectively;
The overhead horizontal slide-positioning device includes the first track girder and the second track girder;First track girder is detachably pacified Loaded on integrated unit aluminum facade, integrated unit aluminum facade is hung by the first track girder in hydraulic lifting system;
The specific lifting construction process of the integrated unit aluminum facade is as follows:
Step 1.5.1: suspension centre is laid on integrated unit aluminum facade according to design and BIM analysis conclusion, is being built Hydraulic lifting system, the anti-beam wind device of upper air installing and overhead horizontal slide-positioning device are installed on object;
Step 1.5.2: hydraulic lifting system and integrated unit aluminium sheet are completed using steel strand wires, wirerope and cable rope etc. The connection of integrated unit aluminum facade and the anti-beam wind device of upper air installing is completed in the connection of curtain wall;Integrated unit aluminum facade is first The first track girder is connected, hydraulic lifting system is then being connected by the first track girder;Connection reliability is checked, to entire hydraulic Lifting system lifted before debugging;
A set of stroke sensor is set at step 1.5.3: every hydraulic rockshaft, to measure in lifting process each The promotion displacement synchronous of hydraulic rockshaft;By examination lifting process in integrated unit aluminum facade, promoted interim measure, mention The observation and monitoring of device systems are risen, confirmation meets simulation condition calculating and design condition, guarantees the safety in lifting process;With Each promotion suspension centre counter-force value of Computer Simulation is foundation, carries out hierarchical loading, each suspension centre to integrated unit aluminum facade The hydraulic lifting system at place stretches the increase of cylinder pressure classification, until integrated unit aluminum facade is all detached from moulding bed;In hierarchical loading mistake Cheng Zhong, each step hierarchical loading finish, and should all suspend and check the front and back change of suspension centre, lower suspension centre, integrated unit aluminum facade The stability of shape situation and main structure under the nominal situation for only meeting design and computer simulation, just continues in next step Hierarchical loading;Step 1.5.4: when hierarchical loading will leave moulding bed to integrated unit aluminum facade, should reduce promotion speed, And the liftoff situation of close observation each point, " single-point is dynamic " is done when necessary and is promoted, it is ensured that it is steady that integrated unit aluminum facade is liftoff;It is integrated After unit aluminum facade leaves moulding bed about 100mm, its vertical position is locked using hydraulic lifting system, while to suspension centre Structure, bearing system and lifting means are checked;
Step 1.5.5: the ground clearance of each suspension centre is detected with measuring instrument such as total station, level meter etc., calculates and respectively hangs Point relative relief, adjusts each suspension centre height by hydraulic lifting system, integrated unit aluminum facade is made to reach design posture;True In the case that the every design parameter of guarantor is errorless, whole promotion, benefit are carried out to integrated unit aluminum facade using hydraulic lifting system It is that integrated unit aluminum facade resists beam wind with the anti-beam wind device of upper air installing, integrated unit aluminum facade is in lifting process Steady and safety, until integrated unit aluminum facade is promoted at designed elevation or less 300mm, and is simultaneously stopped and continues to mention It rises;
Step 1.5.6: the second track girder is fixedly installed on building, while connecting the first track girder and the second track Beam makes to form the form being slidably connected between the first track girder and the second track girder;
It checks again for whether each connection consolidates, after confirming safe and punctual meet the requirements, it is sliding to carry out integrated unit aluminum facade Move construction;Wherein, the first track girder is oriented to by the second track girder, the first track girder drives integrated unit aluminum facade edge The axis of second track girder slides onto design position;
Step 1.5.7: sliding construction finishes, and hydraulic lifting system is mentioned using fine-tuning mode, by integrated unit aluminum facade Rise to design position;Hydraulic lifting system break-off keeps the aerial statue of integrated unit aluminum facade, installs respective rods Part makes integrated unit aluminum facade structure form stable stress system;The synchronous decompression of hydraulic lifting system, until steel strand wires are completely loose It relaxes;Hydraulic lifting system and related interim measure are removed, the whole of integrated unit aluminum facade is completed and promotes installation.
Further, being additionally provided with sliding rail (8), the sliding rail and triangle at the longest edge of the step 1.5 intermediate cam shaped steel frame Steelframe is slidably connected, and sliding rail can be used for being fixedly mounted on the floor of building;Adjusting spiral shell is threaded on triangle steelframe Bar, the adjusting screw rod abut after running through triangle steelframe with sliding rail.
Further, being equipped with polytetrafluoro in the contact portion of the first track girder and the second track girder in the step 1.5.6 Vinyl plate.
Further, being equipped with polytetrafluoro in the contact portion of the first track girder and the second track girder in the step 1.5.6 Vinyl plate.
Further, in the step 1.5.4, integrated unit when being locked using hydraulic lifting system to its vertical position The aluminum facade hanging residence time is 4 to 12 hours.
This programme the utility model has the advantages that this programme discloses a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade integral hoisting construction Method, the program is complete, it is detailed disclose the entire work progress of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade, and disclose Device therefor and use and operating method in each step of work progress, while further mentioning and highlighting each points for attention, Domestic construction industry has been started to surpass in Cross-environment in superelevation, utilize monoblock type lifting lift technique installation integrated unit aluminum facade The beginning, construction level is first-class, the far super prior art of advanced degree.Meanwhile this programme is applied to Chongqing and comes Fushi's crystal company In corridor project, biggish success is obtained, the entire facade curtain wall of ten floor high buildings is equivalent to and integrally carries out disposably totally It is promoted.
This programme compared with prior art, has the effect that
1, in the present solution, elaborating integrated unit curtain wall by the detailed unification of construction procedure 1.5- construction procedure 1.5.7 Whole construction method for lifting whole provides implementable precedent for the vast same industry, creates domestically leading.
2, it in this case, applies BIM advanced technology and construction is analyzed early period, check collision and stable structure, eliminate Security risk solves theoretical difficulties, will be controlled in advance various risks, saves trial and error cost.
3, in this case, give solve superaltitude lift anti-beam wind resolving ideas and specific structure method, provide Specific upper air installing anti-beam wind device aloows integrated unit aluminum facade to resist in lifting using the device Beam wind interference, for some mountain streams or in the lifting operation at air port, particularly suitable application;The device is for integrated The construction of unit aluminum facade is even more important, and belongs in industry the technical problem of solution not yet in effect always, therefore to it in this case Detailed disclosure is made that, so that colleague uses for reference and uses.
4, in this case, the structure that integrated unit aluminum facade slides in the air in height, overhead horizontal sliding positioning dress are given It sets, specifically includes the first track girder and the second track girder;First track girder is removably mounted on integrated unit aluminum facade, collection It is hung by the first track girder in hydraulic lifting system at unit aluminum facade.It can be to collection by overhead horizontal slide-positioning device Installation positioning is carried out in final stage at unit aluminum facade, high altitude operation is originally not easy, especially in this case and not set high-altitude Therefore job platform does not make the structure of overhead horizontal slide-positioning device complicated design, this also contributes to grasp Make simple, raising dependable with function, while save the cost, but final effect is apparent;Do not have also so far It crosses any unit and the positioning device was used by such method, therefore disclosed in this case first is that meet construction requirement, second is that Specific manufacture bases is provided to colleague.
In conclusion the construction method in this case, surpasses the construction across aluminum facade suitable for superelevation, using integral lifting Hoisting technology, be not only able to be effectively ensured construction safety and construction period, save construction cost, and can effectively ensure that and apply Work safety.Detail design is horizontal first-class, starts the domestic beginning, provides operable case study on implementation for colleague, is nation-building Construction cost is reduced, so that construction technology level and a upper new step.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram that Wind-proof auxiliary device is used between two solitary buildings in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the vertical structure schematic diagram for using Wind-proof auxiliary device in the present invention on single solitary building;
Fig. 3 is the Plane Installation structural schematic diagram of fixed frame in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the planar structure schematic diagram for using Wind-proof auxiliary device in the present invention on single solitary building;
Fig. 5 is Plane Installation structural schematic diagram of the intermediate cam shaped steel frame of the present invention on floor;
Fig. 6 is assembled integrated unit aluminum facade structural schematic diagram on moulding bed in the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and examples:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 6, a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminium sheet disclosed by the invention Curtain wall construction method for lifting whole, the integral hoisting suitable for super large integrated unit aluminum facade construct, are particularly suitable for having The integral hoisting of bi-curved super large integrated unit aluminum facade is constructed, and mainly includes following construction characteristic: super large integrated unit Overall package jig frame platform construction technology;Super large integrated unit entirety BIM sunykatuib analysis;Super large integrated unit integrally promotes skill Art.For convenience of description and explanation, the construction party of " integrated unit aluminum facade 5 " mentioned in following description in the present embodiment Method is equal to the construction method of " super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade ".Super large integrated unit overall package rack platform construction Technology mainly includes following content: developing a kind of moulding bed suitable for integrated unit aluminum facade 5, is completed using the moulding bed integrated The ground of unit aluminum facade 5 assembles.
The analysis of super large integrated unit entirety BIM analogue technique: using BIM technology, carries out sequential construction analysis and encapsulation It checks, solves hoisting point position in 5 Integral synchronous lifting process of integrated unit aluminum facade and need the difficult point being accurately positioned;? Theoretical suspension centre and steel structure model carry out integration and comparative analysis, determine that Integral synchronous lifting process falls a position.Overlarge set At unit CONTROLLED INTEGRAL LIFT TECHNOLOGY: by optimizing and revising lifting adjustment technology, hydraulic synchronous lifting technique, double hook cable rope skills Art, air translation technology realize the whole steady security improvement of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade 5.
5 Specific construction process flow of integrated unit aluminum facade in this case comprises the following steps:
Step 1.1: surveying setting-out, it is compound to have control point, it arranges lateral triangulation lead net, establishes integrated unit aluminum facade 5 constructions control net;
Step 1.2: suspension centre arrangement, with BIM technology, with computer manufacture theory moulding bed model and corresponding building 1 model, Integration Theory suspension centre and moulding bed model carry out collision detection, adjust corresponding position of collision suspension centre according to inspection result Arrangement;
Step 1.3: according to computer theory data creating moulding bed, and to the structure stress of moulding bed carry out checking computations ensure moulding bed Using safe, the moulding bed is utilized to complete the ground assembling of integrated unit aluminum facade 5;Moulding bed in this case is assembly type moulding bed, As shown in fig. 6, moulding bed is integrally in the shape of the letter V, moulding bed includes that the left support frame 13, right support frame 15, arc that are symmetrical set are fixed Position frame and the support stand 14 among left support frame 13 and right support frame 15, left support frame 13, right support frame 15 and Support stand 14 is passed through at the scene by the finished product steel truss of 3m long to be completed;Left support frame 13, support stand 14 and the right side Support frame 15 successively arranges and forms V-shaped structure;
Step 1.4: according to curtain wall construction drawing, by unit plate according to different type numbers, then carrying out assembled, collection It is completed on moulding bed at the integral assembling of unit aluminum facade 5;
Step 1.5: the integral hoisting of integrated unit aluminum facade 5, including use hydraulic lifting system 10, upper air installing Anti- beam wind device and upper air installing horizontal sliding positioning device;Wherein, hydraulic lifting system 10 include hydraulic pump source system, Hydraulic rockshaft, high-pressure oil pipe, computer control system, sensor, dedicated steel strand wires and matching used total station etc. are surveyed Measuring appratus.Hydraulic lifting system 10 using relatively broad, mostly uses in upper air installing construction operation in existing construction technology For promoting the biggish structural member of volume.But hydraulic lifting system 10 has a biggish defect, due to hydraulic lifting system 10 be for vertical lifting, therefore the function of its passivity beam wind in lift structure part, and no normal direction structural member applies horizontal Therefore reasoning or pulling force also need in this programme with the use of the anti-beam wind device of upper air installing and upper air installing horizontal sliding Positioning device.
The anti-beam wind device of upper air installing includes at least two jacket stationary type wind resisting structures 4 and at least a set of overhanging type wind resisting structure 3.Fixed wind resisting structure 4 includes that the first cable rope 41 and two pull the fixed steel truss 42 of wind.One of them pulls the fixed steel of wind Truss 42 is fixedly installed in that the high floor 2 of building 1, another pulls the fixed steel truss 42 of wind and pass through lower margin by foundation bolt Bolt is fixedly installed in the low layer floor 2 of building 1, pulls fixed about 42 steel truss of wind for two and is oppositely arranged.First cable rope 41 are vertically arranged and the both ends of the first cable rope 41 are pulled the fixed steel truss 42 of wind with two respectively and are fixedly connected.Under normal circumstances, It is limited by the limitation of structure stress, pulling the fixed overhanging of steel truss 42 of wind will not be too long beyond the length of floor 2, otherwise can be because of structure Stress is unstable and causes security risk.Therefore, in this optimal enforcement example, two are pulled the fixed overhanging of steel truss 42 of wind beyond floor The distance at 2 edges is within 300mm.
In order to meet the needs of wind resistance demand and structure stress, the overhanging type wind resisting structure 3 in this case is pulled including second Wind rope 31 and two triangle steelframes 32.As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, two triangle steelframes 32 are fixedly installed in building respectively On the different floors 2 of object 1.Triangle steelframe 32 overhangs floor 2 out perpendicular to the plate face and triangle steelframe 32 of floor 2 Edge.Second cable rope 31 is vertically arranged and second cable rope 31 and all one end of triangle steelframe 32 far from building 1 It is fixedly connected.First cable rope 41 is fixedly connected with form with pulling the fixed steel truss 42 of wind lock or welding etc. can be used, and second Cable rope 31 can also be used lock or welding etc. with triangle steelframe 32 and be fixedly connected with form.Triangle steelframe 32 and building 1 fixed installation mode provides two kinds in the present embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and shown in Fig. 5, first way are as follows: the bottom of triangle steelframe 32 passes through foundation bolt and building Plate 2 is fixedly connected, while triangle steelframe 32 is cut close to one end of building 1 by pre-buried fixation and the Core Walls Structure of building 1 On power wall.The second way are as follows: on floor 2 by foundation bolt be fixedly mounted sliding rail 8, the bottom of triangle steelframe 32, I.e. the longest edge of triangle steelframe 32 is slidably connected with sliding rail 8, while adjusting screw rod 9 is arranged in the bottom of triangle steelframe 32, Adjusting screw rod 9 is abutted through triangle steelframe 32 and with sliding rail 8.By tightening adjusting screw rod 9, but triangle steelframe 32 is fixed On sliding rail 8;After loosening adjusting screw rod 9, triangle steelframe 32 can be slided along sliding rail 8, to promote at 32 overhanging of triangle steelframe The part at 2 edge of floor realizes that length is variable, and the horizontal distance between the second cable rope 31 and building 1 also can be adjusted.
Consolidate when it is implemented, carrying out oblique pull by wirerope 6 between the first cable rope 41 and integrated unit aluminum facade 5 It is fixed, therefore, be provided with snap ring or lock in the embodiment of this optimization on the first cable rope 41, wirerope 6 pass through snap ring or Person's lock forms the form that is slidably connected with the first cable rope 41;And the second cable rope 31 is also logical with integrated unit aluminum facade 5 It crosses snap ring or lock is slidably connected, certain second cable rope 31 can also directly be slidably connected with integrated unit aluminum facade 5. When lifting between two solitary buildings 1, lifting mode as shown in the figure can be used, correspondence is set on two solitary buildings 1 respectively Set two jacket stationary type wind resisting structures 4 and two sets of overhanging type wind resisting structures 3, then respectively by two jacket stationary type wind resisting structures 4, by The left and right sides provides symmetrical oblique pulling force to integrated unit aluminum facade 5.Using two sets of overhanging type wind resisting structures 3 to integrated list First aluminum facade 5 is oriented to.Under the restriction effect of two jacket stationary type wind resisting structures 4 and two sets of overhanging type wind resisting structures 3, collection The interference that will be sufficient to overcome wind-force in uphill process at unit aluminum facade 5 is provided with the ability for resisting beam wind.
For the building 1 of monomer, it is then not possible to be symmetrical arranged two jacket stationary type wind resisting structures 4 and two sets of overhanging type wind resistances Structure 3.It as shown in Figure 2 and Figure 4, can be by carrying out as follows: it is anti-that two jacket stationary types are respectively set in the two sides of the building 1 of monomer Wind structure 4, and a set of overhanging type wind resisting structure 3 is set among two jacket stationary type wind resisting structures 4.Due to overhanging type wind resisting structure 3 can select and jump out 2 edge of floor and reach 3000mm or more, therefore in the plane, and two first of two jacket stationary type wind resisting structures 4 Cable rope 41 and the second cable rope 31 of overhanging type wind resisting structure 3 can form the fulcrum of a triangle in the plane, and this The fulcrum of triangle then can be used for limiting integrated unit aluminum facade 5, is still the first cable rope 41 and passes through wirerope 6 Oblique pull integrated unit aluminum facade 5 is positioned and is oriented to integrated unit aluminum facade 5 by the second cable rope 31.
In order to further increase the stability of fixed wind resisting structure 4, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 5, it is solid that wind is pulled at upper and lower two Determine to be additionally provided with fixed frame 7 on the floor 2 between steel truss 42, fixed frame 7 is made of two channel steel cross-fixing connections, and first pulls Wind rope 41 is slidably connected with fixed frame 7.And fixed frame 7 is fixed with floor 2 by foundation bolt.When the effect of fixed frame 7 Further the first cable rope 41 is limited, avoids the first cable rope 41 from swung because being influenced by beam wind, while also can be used It is tensioned in the first cable rope 41, to improve the oblique pull that fixed wind resisting structure 4 is directed to integrated unit aluminum facade 5 Power.
Overhead horizontal slide-positioning device includes the first track girder 11 and the second track girder 12;First track girder 11 is detachable It is installed on integrated unit aluminum facade 5, integrated unit aluminum facade 5 is hung by the first track girder 11 in hydraulic lifting system 10;Second track girder 12 is installed on the building 1, and the second track girder 12 can be slidably connected with the first track girder 11, when in use, It is also equipped with polyfluortetraethylene plate on the contact surface that first track girder 11 and the second track girder 12 are slidably connected, to reduce contact surface Between coefficient of friction;
The specific lifting construction process of integrated unit aluminum facade 5 is as follows:
Step 1.5.1: suspension centre is laid on integrated unit aluminum facade 5 according to design and BIM analysis conclusion, is being built Hydraulic lifting system 10, the anti-beam wind device of upper air installing and overhead horizontal slide-positioning device are installed on object 1;
Step 1.5.2: hydraulic lifting system 10 and integrated unit are completed using steel strand wires, wirerope 6 and cable rope etc. The connection of integrated unit aluminum facade 5 and the anti-beam wind device of upper air installing is completed in the connection of aluminum facade 5;Integrated unit aluminium sheet Curtain wall 5 first connects the first track girder 11, is then connecting hydraulic lifting system 10 by the first track girder 11;Check that connection is reliable Property, the debugging before being lifted to entire lifting system;
A set of stroke sensor is set at step 1.5.3: every hydraulic rockshaft, to measure in lifting process each The promotion displacement synchronous of hydraulic rockshaft;By examination lifting process in integrated unit aluminum facade 5, promoted interim measure, The observation and monitoring of lifting means system, confirmation meet simulation condition calculating and design condition, guarantee the safety in lifting process; Using each promotion suspension centre counter-force value of Computer Simulation as foundation, hierarchical loading is carried out to integrated unit aluminum facade 5, is respectively hung Hydraulic lifting system 10 at point stretches the increase of cylinder pressure classification, is followed successively by 20%, 40%, 60%, 70%, 80%;It is each in confirmation In the case that part is without exception, it can continue to be loaded into 90%, 95% up to 100%, until integrated unit aluminum facade 5 is all detached from Moulding bed.During hierarchical loading, each step hierarchical loading is finished, and should all suspend and check suspension centre, lower suspension centre, integrated unit The front and back deformation of aluminum facade 5 and the stability of main structure only meet the normal work of design and computer simulation Under condition, just continue next step hierarchical loading;
Step 1.5.4: when hierarchical loading will leave moulding bed to integrated unit aluminum facade 5, should reduce promotion speed, And the liftoff situation of close observation each point, " single-point is dynamic " is done when necessary and is promoted, it is ensured that it is steady that integrated unit aluminum facade 5 is liftoff;Collection After leaving moulding bed about 100mm at unit aluminum facade 5, its vertical position is locked using hydraulic lifting system 10, makes to collect It is vacantly stopped 4 to 12 hours at unit aluminum facade 5, while suspension centre structure, bearing system and lifting means is checked;
Step 1.5.5: the ground clearance of each suspension centre is detected with measuring instrument such as total station, level meter etc., calculates and respectively hangs Point relative relief, adjusts each suspension centre height by hydraulic lifting system 10, integrated unit aluminum facade 5 is made to reach design posture; In the case where ensuring that every design parameter is errorless, entirety is carried out to integrated unit aluminum facade 5 using hydraulic lifting system 10 It is promoted, is that integrated unit aluminum facade 5 resists beam wind using the anti-beam wind device of upper air installing, integrated unit aluminum facade 5 is mentioning It is steady and safe during rising, until integrated unit aluminum facade 5 is promoted at designed elevation or less 300mm, and simultaneously Stopping continues to lift up;
Step 1.5.6: the second track girder 12 is fixedly installed on building 1, while connecting the first track girder 11 and the Two track girders 12 make to form the form being slidably connected between the first track girder 11 and the second track girder 12, can be in the first track girder 11 and second the contact portion of track girder 12 be laid with polyfluortetraethylene plate, with reduce the first track girder 11 and the second track girder 12 it Between coefficient of friction;It checks again for whether each connection consolidates, after confirming safe and punctual meet the requirements, carries out integrated unit aluminium sheet curtain 5 sliding construction of wall;Wherein, first track girder 11 is oriented to by the second track girder 12, the first track girder 11 drives integrated single First aluminum facade 5 slides onto design position along the axis of the second track girder 12;First track girder 11 is slided along the second track girder 12, Can be used electric hoist as power source, can also using motorized roller by cable traction as power source, in this case simultaneously to this It has no special requirements.
Step 1.5.7: sliding construction finishes, hydraulic lifting system 10 using fine-tuning mode, by integrated unit aluminum facade 5 It is promoted to design position;10 break-off of hydraulic lifting system keeps the aerial statue of integrated unit aluminum facade 5, installs phase Rod piece is answered, 5 structure of integrated unit aluminum facade is made to form stable stress system;The synchronous decompression of hydraulic lifting system 10, until steel twists Line is fully relaxed;Hydraulic lifting system 10 and related interim measure are removed, the whole of integrated unit aluminum facade 5 is completed and is promoted Installation.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not limitation with the present invention, all in essence of the invention Made any modifications, equivalent replacements, and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention within mind and principle.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole, it is characterised in that: including step of constructing as follows It is rapid:
Step 1.1: surveying setting-out, it is compound to have control point, it arranges lateral triangulation lead net, establishes integrated unit construction of Pyramid With control net;
Step 1.2: suspension centre arrangement, with BIM technology, with computer manufacture theory moulding bed model and corresponding building mould Type, Integration Theory suspension centre and moulding bed model carry out collision detection, adjust corresponding position of collision suspension centre cloth according to inspection result It sets;
Step 1.3: according to computer theory data creating moulding bed, and to the structure stress of moulding bed carry out checking computations ensure moulding bed use Safety is assembled using the ground that the moulding bed completes integrated unit aluminum facade;
The moulding bed be assembly type moulding bed, moulding bed include the left support frame being symmetrical set, right support frame and be located at left branch Support stand among support and right support frame, left support frame, right support frame and support stand by 3m long finished product steel truss Frame passes through at the scene to be completed;Left support frame, support stand and right support frame successively arrange and form V-shaped structure;
Step 1.4: according to curtain wall construction drawing, by unit plate according to different type numbers, then carrying out assembled, integrated list The integral assembling of first aluminum facade is completed on moulding bed;
Step 1.5: the integral hoisting of integrated unit aluminum facade, including use hydraulic lifting system, the anti-beam wind of upper air installing Device and upper air installing horizontal sliding positioning device;Wherein, hydraulic lifting system includes hydraulic pump source system, hydraulic pressure lift The measuring instruments such as device, high-pressure oil pipe, computer control system, sensor, dedicated steel strand wires and matching used total station;
The anti-beam wind device of upper air installing includes at least two jacket stationary type wind resisting structures and at least a set of overhanging type wind resisting structure; The fixed wind resisting structure includes that the first cable rope and two pull the fixed steel truss of wind, one of them pulls the fixed steel truss of wind For be fixedly mounted on building high floor, another pull the low layer that the fixed steel truss of wind is used to be fixedly mounted on building Floor;First cable rope is vertically arranged and the fixed company of the fixed steel truss of wind is pulled at the both ends of the first cable rope with two respectively It connects;The overhanging type wind resisting structure includes the second cable rope and two triangle steelframes;One of triangle steelframe is used for It is fixedly mounted on the high floor of building, another triangle steelframe is used to be fixedly mounted on the low layer floor of building;Institute The both ends for stating the second cable rope are fixedly connected with two triangle steelframes respectively;
The overhead horizontal slide-positioning device includes the first track girder and the second track girder;First track girder is removably mounted to On integrated unit aluminum facade, integrated unit aluminum facade is hung by the first track girder in hydraulic lifting system;
The specific lifting construction process of the integrated unit aluminum facade is as follows:
Step 1.5.1: suspension centre is laid on integrated unit aluminum facade according to design and BIM analysis conclusion, on building Hydraulic lifting system, the anti-beam wind device of upper air installing and overhead horizontal slide-positioning device are installed;
Step 1.5.2: hydraulic lifting system and integrated unit aluminum facade are completed using steel strand wires, wirerope and cable rope etc. Connection, complete integrated unit aluminum facade and the anti-beam wind device of upper air installing connection;Integrated unit aluminum facade first connects Then first track girder is connecting hydraulic lifting system by the first track girder;Connection reliability is checked, to entire hydraulic pressure lift System lifted before debugging;
A set of stroke sensor is set at step 1.5.3: every hydraulic rockshaft, it is hydraulic to measure in lifting process each The promotion displacement synchronous of lifter;By being set in examination lifting process to integrated unit aluminum facade, promotion interim measure, promotion The observation and monitoring of standby system, confirmation meet simulation condition calculating and design condition, guarantee the safety in lifting process;To calculate Each promotion suspension centre counter-force value of machine simulation calculation is foundation, hierarchical loading is carried out to integrated unit aluminum facade, at each suspension centre Hydraulic lifting system stretches the increase of cylinder pressure classification, until integrated unit aluminum facade is all detached from moulding bed;During hierarchical loading, Each step hierarchical loading finishes, and should all suspend and check the front and back deformation feelings of suspension centre, lower suspension centre, integrated unit aluminum facade The stability of condition and main structure under the nominal situation for only meeting design and computer simulation, just continues to be classified in next step Load;
Step 1.5.4: when hierarchical loading will leave moulding bed to integrated unit aluminum facade, promotion speed should be reduced, and close The observation liftoff situation of each point is cut, " single-point is dynamic " is done when necessary and is promoted, it is ensured that it is steady that integrated unit aluminum facade is liftoff;Integrated unit After aluminum facade leaves moulding bed about 100mm, its vertical position is locked using hydraulic lifting system, while to suspension centre knot Structure, bearing system and lifting means are checked;
Step 1.5.5: the ground clearance of each suspension centre is detected with measuring instrument such as total station, level meter etc., calculates each suspension centre phase To height difference, each suspension centre height is adjusted by hydraulic lifting system, integrated unit aluminum facade is made to reach design posture;Ensuring respectively In the case that item design parameter is errorless, whole promotion is carried out to integrated unit aluminum facade using hydraulic lifting system, utilizes height It is that integrated unit aluminum facade resists beam wind that sky, which lifts anti-beam wind device, and integrated unit aluminum facade is steady in lifting process And safety, until integrated unit aluminum facade is promoted at designed elevation or less 300mm, and it is simultaneously stopped and continues to lift up;
Step 1.5.6: the second track girder is fixedly installed on building, while connecting the first track girder and the second track girder, Make to form the form being slidably connected between the first track girder and the second track girder;Check again for whether each connection consolidates, confirmation peace After accidentally meeting the requirements, integrated unit aluminum facade sliding construction is carried out;Wherein, by the second track girder to the first track girder into Row guiding, the first track girder drive integrated unit aluminum facade to slide onto design position along the axis of the second track girder;
Step 1.5.7: sliding construction finishes, and hydraulic lifting system is promoted to using fine-tuning mode, by integrated unit aluminum facade Design position;Hydraulic lifting system break-off keeps the aerial statue of integrated unit aluminum facade, installs corresponding rod piece, make Integrated unit aluminum facade structure forms stable stress system;The synchronous decompression of hydraulic lifting system, until steel strand wires are fully relaxed;It tears open Except hydraulic lifting system and related interim measure, completes the whole of integrated unit aluminum facade and promote installation.
2. a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole according to claim 1, feature It is: is additionally provided with sliding rail at the longest edge of the step 1.5 intermediate cam shaped steel frame, which is slidably connected with triangle steelframe, Sliding rail can be used for being fixedly mounted on the floor of building;It is threaded with adjusting screw rod on triangle steelframe, the adjusting screw rod It is abutted after triangle steelframe with sliding rail.
3. a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole according to claim 1 or 2, special Sign is: in the step 1.5.6, being equipped with polyfluortetraethylene plate in the contact portion of the first track girder and the second track girder.
4. a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole according to claim 1 or 2, special Sign is: the hydraulic lifting system in the step 1.5.3 at each suspension centre stretch cylinder pressure classification increase be followed successively by 20%, 40%, 60%, 70%, 80%;In the case where confirming that each section is without exception, it can continue to be loaded into 90%, 95% until 100%.
5. a kind of super large hyperbolic integrated unit aluminum facade construction method for lifting whole according to claim 1 or 2, special Sign is: in the step 1.5.4, integrated unit aluminum facade when being locked using hydraulic lifting system to its vertical position The hanging residence time is 4 to 12 hours.
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