CN110368643B - Knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device - Google Patents

Knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110368643B
CN110368643B CN201910689756.4A CN201910689756A CN110368643B CN 110368643 B CN110368643 B CN 110368643B CN 201910689756 A CN201910689756 A CN 201910689756A CN 110368643 B CN110368643 B CN 110368643B
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gear
knee
pedal
rehabilitation
base
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CN201910689756.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110368643A (en
Inventor
周子朋
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Henan Hospital Traditional Chinese Medicine Second Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine TCM
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Henan Hospital Traditional Chinese Medicine Second Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine TCM
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B22/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements
    • A63B22/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for conditioning the cardio-vascular system, for training agility or co-ordination of movements with movable multiple steps, i.e. more than one step per limb, e.g. steps mounted on endless loops, endless ladders
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/03575Apparatus used for exercising upper and lower limbs simultaneously
    • A63B23/03583Upper and lower limbs acting simultaneously on the same operating rigid member
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/04Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs
    • A63B23/0494Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for lower limbs primarily by articulating the knee joints
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/035Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously
    • A63B23/12Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for limbs, i.e. upper or lower limbs, e.g. simultaneously for upper limbs or related muscles, e.g. chest, upper back or shoulder muscles
    • A63B23/1245Primarily by articulating the shoulder joint

Abstract

The invention relates to a knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device, which effectively solves the problems of incomplete function and poor adaptability of the conventional arthritis rehabilitation exercise equipment; the technical scheme includes that the device comprises a base, two groups of pedal units are mounted on the base, each group of pedal units comprises two vertical guide rods and a pedal penetrating through the guide rods, a pressure spring is mounted between each pedal and the base, a first gear located between the two groups of pedal units is mounted on the base, a cross rod perpendicular to the surface of the first gear is mounted on each of the left surface and the right surface of the first gear, each cross rod is eccentrically arranged, a sliding groove along the front-back direction is formed in the inner side of each pedal, the outer ends of the two cross rods are respectively arranged in the sliding grooves on the same side, the device further comprises two traction ropes, the front ends of the two traction ropes are respectively fixed on the two pedals, and the rear ends of the two traction ropes are wound to the rear side of a seat plate through a; the invention can realize the simultaneous training of knees and shoulders and has a plurality of exercise modes.

Description

Knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of medical rehabilitation instruments, in particular to a knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device.
Background
Arthritis is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide, mainly cartilage degeneration or inflammation of connective tissues of joints, causing pain to the joints and interfering with normal movement of the joints; gonarthritis and shoulder arthritis are two types of arthritis which are often found in the elderly and people with heavy physical labor, have certain correlation between the two types of arthritis, and can be treated by medicines, operations, physical exercise rehabilitation and the like at present.
The sports rehabilitation of contemporary arthritis mainly includes two categories of bare-handed operation and special sports rehabilitation apparatus:
1. free-hand operation
The professional physician can make free-hand operation and practice the exercise by the patient. The drawbacks of this rehabilitation method are: the knee injury of the sick middle-aged and old people is usually in a standing posture, the knee injury of the sick middle-aged and old people cannot stand for a long time, the overweight condition of the middle-aged and old people is common, the knee bears the whole self weight when the middle-aged and old people stand, and people with different weights and illness cannot generate the same effect when the middle-aged and old people use the same set of free hand;
meanwhile, the shoulder arthritis is mainly generated by long-term load-bearing work or work on desk, the pathological positions generated by the shoulder arthritis are different (for example, shoulder joint injuries of workers who lift, carry and pull for a long time and people who work with characters are different), the action of free-hand operation cannot consider different causes, and if the action of diseases is repeatedly exercised, the disease condition can be aggravated.
2. Sports rehabilitation apparatus
There are a number of products in the prior art that are designed to address the motor rehabilitation needs of arthritic patients, such as:
CN206026964U multifunctional rheumatism arthritis sport rehabilitation machine
When in use, the patient is required to stand and run, but the general knee arthritis patient does not have the physical conditions for walking and running exercises (the knee is impacted by running);
CN107335182A rheumatoid arthritis exercise rehabilitation auxiliary machine
The patient is required to lie down and use the table, the hand-operated disc is lifted, the physical strength is large, the lower limbs can be driven to move slightly, and the strength of the lower limbs cannot be exercised;
CN109481237A recovery device for knee arthritis patient
The device is a sitting posture, a motor and the like are used for driving a gear set to form reciprocating motion, the lower limbs of a patient are placed into a reciprocating motion component to follow up, only the function of moving the limbs is realized, and the aim of exercising and recovering cannot be fulfilled
3. For middle-aged and elderly people, the physical strength of the middle-aged and elderly people cannot support the middle-aged and elderly people to stand for a long time or push a mechanical mechanism, and the rehabilitation action needs certain resistance, but the resistance is not suitable to be too large; meanwhile, for middle-aged and elderly patients, actions required to be recovered are mainly actions required in daily life such as going upstairs and downstairs, sitting down and standing up, lying down and standing up, and the like, an arthritis exercise recovery device meeting the requirements does not exist in the prior art, the device in the prior art is only suitable for one affected area and knee, and other instruments are still required for commonly associated shoulder arthritis and waist diseases.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the situation, in order to overcome the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device, which effectively solves the problems of incomplete function and poor adaptability of the conventional arthritis rehabilitation exercise equipment.
The technical scheme includes that the knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device comprises a horizontal base, a vertical stand column is arranged on the base, a horizontal seat plate is mounted at the upper end of the stand column, two groups of pedal units are mounted on the base and are arranged in a bilateral symmetry mode, each group of pedal units comprises two vertical guide rods and a horizontal pedal, the pedals are arranged on the two guide rods in a penetrating mode and can slide up and down, a pressure spring is mounted between each pedal and the base, a first gear located between the two groups of pedal units is mounted on the base, a transverse rod perpendicular to the surface of the first gear is mounted on each of the left surface and the right surface of the first gear, each transverse rod is arranged in an eccentric mode, the projection positions of the two transverse rods on the first gear are in central symmetry with respect to the circle center of the first gear, a sliding groove in the front-back direction is formed in the inner side of each pedal, the outer ends of the two transverse rods are respectively, the first gear can drive the two pedals to move up and down through the two cross rods;
still include two sets of drive mechanism, every drive mechanism of group includes a haulage rope and a pull ring, and two haulage rope respective front ends are fixed respectively on two footboards, and the rear end of two haulage ropes all winds to the rear side of bedplate and intercrossing through the wire device, and two pull rings are fixed respectively at the rear end of two haulage ropes.
The invention can realize the simultaneous training of knees and shoulders, has a plurality of exercise modes and can adapt to patients with various physical conditions and illness states.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a first perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a second perspective view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a perspective view three of the present invention.
The headrest is not shown above in fig. 1 and 2.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in figures 1 to 3, the invention comprises a horizontal base 1, a vertical upright post 2 is arranged on the base 1, a horizontal seat plate 3 is arranged at the upper end of the upright post 2, two groups of pedal units are arranged on the base 1, the two groups of pedal units are symmetrically arranged left and right, each group of pedal units comprises two vertical guide rods 4 and a horizontal pedal 5, the pedal 5 is penetrated on the two guide rods 4 and can slide up and down, a pressure spring 6 is arranged between the pedal 5 and the base 1, a first gear 7 positioned between the two groups of pedal units is arranged on the base 1, a cross rod 8 vertical to the surface of the first gear 7 is arranged on the left and right surfaces of the first gear 7, each cross rod 8 is eccentrically arranged, the projection positions of the two cross rods 8 on the first gear 7 are symmetrical with respect to the center of the circle of the first gear 7, a sliding groove 9 along the front and back direction is arranged on the inner side of each pedal 5, the outer ends of the two cross rods 8 are respectively arranged in the sliding grooves 9 on the same side, and the first gear 7 can drive the two pedals 5 to move up and down through the rotation of the two cross rods 8;
still include two sets of drive mechanism, every drive mechanism of group includes a haulage rope 10 and a pull ring 11, and two haulage ropes 10 respective front ends are fixed respectively on two footboards 5, and the rear end of two haulage ropes 10 all winds to the rear side of bedplate 3 and intercrossing through the wire device, and two pull rings 11 are fixed respectively at the rear end of two haulage ropes 10.
The first gear 7 is engaged with a second gear 12, and the second gear 12 is connected with a driving motor 13.
The two cross rods 8 are detachably inserted on the first gear 7 through sliding keys.
The upright post 2 is of a pneumatic telescopic rod structure, so that the height of the seat board 3 can be adjusted.
The seat board 3 can be rotatably arranged at the upper end of the upright post 2, and a patient can do waist twisting action in a matching way.
The seat plate 3 is provided with a backrest 14, the lower end of the backrest 14 is hinged on the seat plate 3 and is provided with a locking screw, so that the backward bending angle of the backrest 14 can be adjusted; this protocol allows the patient to be used in a semi-reclining position in some patients who have severe lumbar disease and who are unable to sit for a long time.
The lead device comprises a plurality of limiting rings 15 arranged on the base 1 and on the rear surface of the backrest 14 along the path of the traction rope 10, the traction rope 10 sequentially penetrates through the limiting rings 15 to wind to the rear side of the backrest 14, the lead device also comprises two steering wheels 16 respectively arranged at the upper ends of the guide rods 4 at two sides, and the front end of the traction rope 10 winds around the steering wheels 16 from the upper side and then is fixed on the pedal 5.
The traction rope 10 has elasticity, and a locking screw capable of locking the traction rope on the guide rod 4 is arranged on the side surface of each pedal 5, so that the reverse rotation traction rope 10 of the arm can be operated under the condition that the leg is not moved, and the device for only recovering the shoulder arthritis is formed.
The limiting ring 15 on the backrest 14 comprises two groups which are symmetrically arranged left and right, and each group comprises a plurality of rectangular and uniform distribution.
A headrest 17 is arranged on the backrest 14 through a spring, three hooks 18 which are arranged in the left, middle and right directions are arranged on the rear surface of the headrest 17, and the pull ring 11 can be hung on the hooks 18.
The using method of the invention is as follows:
when a patient needs to take exercise actively, the two cross rods 8 are taken down from the first gear 7, the patient sits on the seat plate 3, the corresponding pedals 5 are alternately stepped down by two feet, the pressure spring 6 provides resistance, meanwhile, the traction rope 10 is pulled downwards by the pedals 5, the two arms of the patient swing to the back to pull the bracelet, the traction rope 10 enables the two arms of the patient to do reverse arm action towards the back, the reverse arm action is the action of semi-vertical arm, outward-stretching arm and backward-swinging arm, and the action can hardly be used in labor, so that the patient's condition can not be aggravated, and the shoulder injury caused by any work can be adapted; the pedal 5 simulates the actions of going upstairs and going upstairs, and the targeted exercise is performed according to the requirements of the middle-aged and the elderly.
When the pull ring 11 is not pulled by both hands, the mechanism can only practice the lower limbs, can also only practice one foot, and can also only practice the upper limbs on one side and the lower limbs on the other side; the simple pulling of the traction rope 10 by locking the pedal 5 can only exercise the shoulder joint, so the exercise forms are various.
The traction rope 10 passes through the limiting rings 15 on the backrest 14 from bottom to top, can randomly select a path so as to adjust the length, finally comes out from the specific hook on the uppermost row, if the traction rope passes through the limiting ring 15 on the outermost side, the traction rope corresponds to the action of the anti-rotation arm with larger outward opening angle of the two arms, if the traction rope passes through the limiting ring 15 on the innermost side, the traction rope moves to the anti-rotation arm with smaller outward opening angle of the two arms, and if the traction rope passes through a certain limiting ring 15 in the middle, the outward opening degree of the arms is between the two limiting rings.
When the neck joint needs to be exercised, the two pull rings 11 can be hung on the hooks 18 on the headrest 17, the headrest 17 deflects or leans back to a required angle by pedaling the pedal 5, if the two pull rings 11 are hung on the left and right hooks 18 respectively, the traction rope 10 can pull the headrest 17 to deflect left and right, and if the two pull rings 11 are hung on the middle hooks 18, the traction rope 10 pulls the headrest 17 to lean back to perform 'knee and neck simultaneous exercise'.
When the resistance of the pedal 5 is insufficient or the patient has the ability to use larger force, the resistance can be increased by manually pulling the pull ring 11, and the exercise effect is improved.
When the knee joint of a patient can not exert force autonomously and needs to move passively, the two cross rods 8 are installed, the driving motor 13 is started, the driving motor 13 drives the first gear 7 to rotate through the second gear 12, the first gear 7 drives the two cross rods 8 to rotate, the two cross rods 8 which are eccentrically installed drive the two pedals 5 to move up and down alternately through the two sliding grooves 9, and accordingly the passive up and down movement of the leg of the patient is driven.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the patient does not bear the weight of the patient;
2. the knee joint is linked with the shoulder joint and the neck, and the movement of the waist is considered;
3. the exercises are 'actions of going upstairs', 'actions of sitting down and standing up' and 'actions of lying down and sitting up', and are actions actually required by middle-aged and old patients; the movement provided by the upper limbs is accurate reverse arm movement, and is very helpful for the rehabilitation of the shoulder arthritis. Some exercise machines also provide exercise of resistance to the pull cord of the arms, but instead the exercise motion induces pulling, lifting, chest-expanding, etc. of the shoulder arthritis. This scheme is through a plurality of locating parts, makes the patient only move about "anti-spiral arm" action that normal work can not relate to, avoids aggravating the state of an illness, improves recovered effect.
4. Flexible movement mode, and can be used for one foot, two feet, one hand, two hands, two feet and the like
5. The motor-assisted exercise function is also provided for the patients with serious symptoms.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a knee shoulder joint is with practising rehabilitation device, including horizontally base (1), a serial communication port, be equipped with a vertical stand (2) on base (1), horizontally bedplate (3) are installed to stand (2) upper end, install two sets of pedal units on base (1), two sets of pedal unit bilateral symmetry arrange, every pedal unit of group includes two vertical guide bar (4) and a horizontally footboard (5), footboard (5) are worn and are just can be slided from top to bottom on two guide bar (4), install pressure spring (6) between footboard (5) and base (1), install one first gear (7) that are located between two sets of pedal units on base (1), all install horizontal pole (8) on the surface of a perpendicular to first gear (7) about first gear (7), every horizontal pole (8) are equal eccentric arrangement and two horizontal poles (8) projection position on first gear (7) are about first gear (7) centre of a circle in the centre of a circle The pedals are centrosymmetric, the inner side of each pedal (5) is provided with a sliding chute (9) along the front-back direction, the outer ends of the two cross rods (8) are respectively arranged in the sliding chutes (9) on the same side, and the first gear (7) rotates to drive the two pedals (5) to move up and down through the two cross rods (8);
the bicycle seat is characterized by further comprising two groups of traction mechanisms, each group of traction mechanism comprises a traction rope (10) and a pull ring (11), the front ends of the two traction ropes (10) are respectively fixed on the two pedals (5), the rear ends of the two traction ropes (10) are wound to the rear side of the seat plate (3) through a wire device and are mutually crossed, and the two pull rings (11) are respectively fixed at the rear ends of the two traction ropes (10);
the wire guiding device comprises a plurality of limiting rings (15) which are arranged on the base (1) and on the rear surface of the backrest (14) along the path of the traction rope (10), the traction rope (10) sequentially penetrates through the limiting rings (15) to wind to the rear side of the backrest (14), the wire guiding device also comprises two steering wheels (16) which are respectively arranged at the upper ends of the guide rods (4) at two sides, and the front end of the traction rope (10) bypasses the steering wheels (16) from the upper side and then is fixed on the pedal (5); the limiting rings (15) on the backrest (14) comprise two groups which are symmetrically arranged left and right, and each group comprises a plurality of rectangular and uniform distribution.
2. The knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device according to claim 1, characterized in that the first gear (7) is engaged with a second gear (12), and the second gear (12) is connected with a driving motor (13).
3. The device for simultaneous rehabilitation of knee and shoulder joints according to claim 1, wherein the two cross bars (8) are detachably mounted on the first gear (7).
4. The device for simultaneous rehabilitation of knee and shoulder joint according to claim 1, wherein the column (2) is a pneumatic telescopic rod structure.
5. The device for simultaneous rehabilitation of knee and shoulder joint according to claim 1, wherein the seat plate (3) is rotatably mounted on the upper end of the upright (2).
6. The knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device according to claim 1, characterized in that the seat plate (3) is provided with a backrest (14), the lower end of the backrest (14) is hinged on the seat plate (3) and is provided with a locking screw.
7. The device for simultaneous knee and shoulder rehabilitation according to claim 1, wherein the traction rope (10) is elastic.
8. The knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device according to claim 1, characterized in that a headrest (17) is mounted on the backrest (14) through a spring, three hooks (18) arranged in a left-middle-right manner are mounted on the rear surface of the headrest (17), and the pull ring (11) can be hung on the hooks (18).
CN201910689756.4A 2019-07-29 2019-07-29 Knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device Active CN110368643B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910689756.4A CN110368643B (en) 2019-07-29 2019-07-29 Knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910689756.4A CN110368643B (en) 2019-07-29 2019-07-29 Knee and shoulder joint simultaneous exercise rehabilitation device

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CN110368643A CN110368643A (en) 2019-10-25
CN110368643B true CN110368643B (en) 2020-11-20

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4645200A (en) * 1985-05-28 1987-02-24 Hix William R Isometric exercising device
US20060264301A1 (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-11-23 Kuo Hai P Stepping exerciser having actuatable handle
CN104147758A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-11-19 郭柏权 Stepping type body relaxing device
CN206526445U (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-09-29 郭柏权 Body-building device with automatic alternately lifting pedal
CN107361894A (en) * 2017-04-16 2017-11-21 宁波大学 A kind of head tractor for fixing and its application method
CN107638275A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-01-30 湖南中医药大学 A kind of scapulohumeral periarthritis servicing unit
CN108542715A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-09-18 洛阳守正科技服务有限公司 It is a kind of to alleviate the aching and tired pedal sliding seat of shoulder

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4645200A (en) * 1985-05-28 1987-02-24 Hix William R Isometric exercising device
US20060264301A1 (en) * 2005-05-17 2006-11-23 Kuo Hai P Stepping exerciser having actuatable handle
CN104147758A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-11-19 郭柏权 Stepping type body relaxing device
CN206526445U (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-09-29 郭柏权 Body-building device with automatic alternately lifting pedal
CN107361894A (en) * 2017-04-16 2017-11-21 宁波大学 A kind of head tractor for fixing and its application method
CN107638275A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-01-30 湖南中医药大学 A kind of scapulohumeral periarthritis servicing unit
CN108542715A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-09-18 洛阳守正科技服务有限公司 It is a kind of to alleviate the aching and tired pedal sliding seat of shoulder

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