Extrusion granulation device for feed production
The invention relates to the technical field of feed production, in particular to a feed production extrusion granulation device.
The feed is a general term of food of all people feeding animals, generally refers to food of animals fed in agriculture or animal husbandry, mainly comprises feed raw materials of more than ten varieties such as soybean, bean pulp, corn, fish meal, amino acid, miscellaneous meal, whey powder, grease, meat and bone meal, grains, feed additives and the like, most of the current feed for livestock is manufactured by adopting an extrusion granulating device, and the manufactured feed is granular and is convenient for the livestock to eat.
The patent with the publication number of CN 207084079U discloses a feed granulating device, which comprises a motor, a transmission bearing in driving connection with the motor and a conveying screw rod connected with the transmission bearing, a feed inlet is arranged above one end of the conveying screw rod, a gland plate and a pore plate fixed by the gland plate are arranged at the other end of the conveying screw rod, the cover pressing plate is connected with a nut of the granulator, the conveying screw comprises an inner rod in transmission connection with the transmission bearing and an outer rod annularly arranged on the inner rod, one end of the outer rod close to the cover pressing plate comprises a folding handle, although the device can extrude and granulate the feed, the pelleting and forming effect of the feed is poor in the production process of the feed, the actual production needs cannot be met, and therefore, an extrusion granulating device for feed production is provided to solve the technical problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a feed production extrusion granulation device to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a feed production extrusion prilling granulator, includes the support frame, is fixed with broken case on the support frame, and the recipient of vertical setting is installed to broken bottom of the case portion intercommunication, is equipped with the rubbing crusher who is used for smashing feedstuff in the broken incasement, and the last drive connection of rubbing crusher has the reciprocating mechanism including rack I, and rack I bottom is fixed with the piston post of slidable mounting in the recipient, a plurality of extrusion hole has evenly been seted up to the recipient bottom, and the extrusion hole below is rotated and is installed by rotary mechanism driven segmentation blade, be fixed with the collecting box that is located the recipient below on the support frame, the collecting box top is equipped with the stoving mechanism that is used for the fodder drying.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the rotating mechanism comprises a motor III fixed on the side wall of the extrusion container, a transmission shaft is connected to the motor III in a driving mode, a transmission sleeve is sleeved on the transmission shaft, a segmented blade is fixed on the transmission sleeve, and a transmission strip embedded in the inner side wall of the transmission sleeve in a sliding mode is fixed on the side wall of the transmission shaft.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the reciprocating mechanism comprises an incomplete gear which is intermittently meshed with the rack I, a fixing plate is fixed on the side wall of the rack I, and a return spring is fixedly connected between the fixing plate and the support frame.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the crushing mechanism comprises a driving shaft driven by a motor I, a plurality of pairs of crushing blades are fixed on the driving shaft at equal intervals, a bevel gear I is fixedly sleeved on the driving shaft, and a bevel gear II coaxially fixed with an incomplete gear is connected to the bevel gear I in a meshed mode.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the drying mechanism comprises an air heater fixed on the side wall of the extrusion barrel, the outlet end of the air heater is communicated with two air injection heads, and the two air injection heads face the segmented blade and the collecting box respectively.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the worm driven by the motor II is rotatably installed on the support frame, the worm is meshed with a worm wheel, an adjusting gear is coaxially fixed on the worm wheel, a rack II is meshed with the adjusting gear, a limiting sleeve plate is fixed at the bottom of the rack II, and a transmission sleeve bearing is connected and installed on the limiting sleeve plate.
As a modified scheme of the invention: the transmission shaft is sleeved and fixed with a transmission gear, the transmission gear is meshed and connected with an outer gear ring sleeved and fixed on the collecting box, a fixing column vertically penetrating through the center of the bottom of the collecting box is fixedly installed on the supporting frame, and a plurality of pairs of dispersing rods are uniformly fixed on the side wall of the fixing column.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the reciprocating mechanism drives the piston column to slide up and down in the extrusion cylinder in a reciprocating manner, so that the repeated intermittent extrusion effect of the feed entering the extrusion cylinder is realized, the feed in the crushing box can be supplied to the extrusion cylinder at intervals, the extrusion and granulation efficiency of the feed is improved, the arranged segmented blades can cut the extruded feed into granules, and meanwhile, the vertical height can be adjusted, so that the forming length of the feed can be flexibly adjusted, and the actual feed granulation requirement is greatly met.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of portion A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of portion B of FIG. 1;
fig. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the connection between the rotating mechanism and the segmented blade according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1-supporting frame, 2-transmission gear, 3-fixed column, 4-dispersion rod, 5-collecting box, 6-external gear ring, 7-air nozzle, 8-hot air blower, 9-crushing blade, 10-crushing box, 11-bevel gear I, 12-driving shaft, 13-motor I, 14-bevel gear II, 15-incomplete gear, 16-rack I, 17-fixed plate, 18-reset spring, 19-extruding cylinder, 20-piston column, 21-worm, 22-motor II, 23-segmentation blade, 24-motor III, 25-rack II, 26-transmission shaft, 27-extruding hole, 28-transmission casing, 29-transmission bar, 30-limiting sleeve plate, 31-adjusting gear, etc, 32-worm wheel.
The technical scheme of the patent is further described in detail by combining the following specific embodiments:
Referring to fig. 1-4, a feed production extrusion granulation device comprises a support frame 1, a crushing box 10 is fixed on the support frame 1, a vertically arranged extrusion cylinder 19 is communicated and installed at the bottom of the crushing box 10, a crushing mechanism for crushing feed raw materials is arranged in the crushing box 10, a reciprocating mechanism comprising a rack I16 is in transmission connection with the crushing mechanism, a piston column 20 which is slidably installed in the extrusion cylinder 19 is fixed at the bottom of the rack I16, a plurality of extrusion holes 27 are uniformly formed at the bottom of the extrusion cylinder 19, a section blade 23 driven by a rotating mechanism is rotatably installed below the extrusion holes 27, a collecting box 5 which is located below the extrusion cylinder 19 is fixed on the support frame 1, and a drying mechanism for drying feed is arranged above the collecting box 5.
This device adds man-hour carrying out feed production, feed ingredient carries out rotatory smashing through rubbing crusher structure in broken case 10, guarantees fully refining of raw materials, inside the fodder after smashing enters into recipient 19, reciprocating mechanism through setting up drives piston post 20 up-and-down reciprocating motion, and then realizes extrudeing the feed ingredient in recipient 19, the fodder after the pressurized is extruded into the growing up strip through extrusion hole 27, is cut into the tiny particle by rotatory segmentation blade 23 afterwards.
Specifically, the rotating mechanism of the device comprises a motor III24 fixed on the side wall of the extrusion cylinder 19, a transmission shaft 26 is connected to the motor III24 in a driving manner, a transmission sleeve 28 is sleeved on the transmission shaft 26, a segmented blade 23 is fixed on the transmission sleeve 28, and a transmission strip 29 embedded in the inner side wall of the transmission sleeve 28 in a sliding manner is fixed on the side wall of the transmission shaft 26.
The motor III24 is used for driving the transmission shaft 26 to rotate, and the transmission shaft 26 drives the transmission sleeve 28 to rotate through the transmission strip 29, so that the segmented blade 23 rotates and cuts the extruded long-strip feed into granules.
Wherein, reciprocating mechanism includes the incomplete gear 15 with rack I16 intermittent type meshing, rack I16 lateral wall is fixed with fixed plate 17, fixedly connected with reset spring 18 between fixed plate 17 and the support frame 1, incomplete gear 15 rotatory in-process intermittent type is connected with rack I16 meshing, rack I16 realizes vertical reciprocating motion under reset spring 18's elastic action, piston post 20 realizes longitudinal sliding along recipient 19 this moment, realize intermittent type's extrusion feed ingredient, and in piston post 20 rising stage, piston post 20 can not carry out the shutoff to recipient 19 and broken case 10, thereby realized in broken case 10 inside feed ingredient's the intermittent type supplies to recipient 19, effectively promoted fodder production efficiency.
On the basis of embodiment 1, in addition, this device promotes the refining of feed ingredient through the rubbing crusher who sets up, promotes fodder shaping quality, and rubbing crusher specifically includes drive shaft 12 by motor I13 driven, is fixed with a plurality of pairs of crushing blade 9 on the drive shaft 12 equidistant, and the cover is established and is fixed with bevel gear I11 on the drive shaft 12, and the meshing is connected with the bevel gear II14 with incomplete gear 15 coaxial fastening on the bevel gear I11.
The motor I13 drives the drive shaft 12 to rotate and drives the crushing blade 9 to rotate, so that the effect of cutting and crushing the feed in the crushing box 10 is achieved, meanwhile, the bevel gear I11 rotates along with the drive shaft 12, the bevel gear II14 drives the incomplete gear 15 to rotate, and the reciprocating mechanism is driven.
In order to accelerate the rapid drying of the formed feed, the device is also provided with a drying mechanism which comprises an air heater 8 fixed on the side wall of the extrusion barrel 19, two air nozzles 7 are communicated and installed at the outlet end of the air heater 8, and the two air nozzles 7 face the segmentation blade 23 and the collection box 5 respectively.
The hot air that the air heater 8 that sets up produced is spout through two air jets 7, realizes the hot-blast stoving effect to the strip fodder that extrudes from extrusion hole 27 and the granular fodder that falls into in collecting box 5, and quick drying shaping is realized to the fodder.
In addition, the transmission gear 2 is fixedly sleeved on the transmission shaft 26, the outer gear ring 6 fixedly arranged on the collection box 5 is sleeved on the transmission gear 2 in a meshed connection mode, the fixing column 3 vertically penetrating through the center of the bottom of the collection box 5 is fixedly arranged on the support frame 1, a plurality of pairs of dispersing rods 4 are uniformly fixed on the side wall of the fixing column 3, the transmission shaft 26 is arranged to rotate, the transmission gear 2 is driven to rotate in the rotating process, the collection box 5 is driven to rotate through the outer gear ring 6 in a meshed mode, the collection box 5 rotates relative to the dispersing rods 4, accordingly, the dispersing effect of the feed in the collection box 5 is achieved, the hot air is fully contacted.
In order to adjust the length of the feed particles according to actual production requirements, a worm 21 driven by a motor II22 is rotatably mounted on the support frame 1, a worm wheel 32 is connected to the worm 21 in a meshed manner, an adjusting gear 31 is coaxially fixed to the worm wheel 32, a rack II25 is connected to the adjusting gear 31 in a meshed manner, a limit sleeve plate 30 is fixed to the bottom of the rack II25, and a transmission sleeve 28 is mounted on the limit sleeve plate 30 in a bearing connection manner.
Through the setting, motor II22 is used for driving worm 21 rotatory, worm 21 rotates through the worm wheel 32 with it meshing and realizes the rotation of adjusting gear 31, adjusting gear 31 drives rack II25 and carries out the regulation of height from top to bottom, spacing lagging cover 30 drives the relative transmission shaft 26 of transmission sleeve 28 and carries out the regulation of vertical position this moment, the vertical distance of segmentation blade 23 and recipient 19 bottom obtains adjusting promptly, can adjust according to actual production needs, thereby obtain the fodder granule of corresponding length through segmentation blade 23 cutting.
In conclusion, the reciprocating mechanism drives the piston column 20 to slide up and down in the extrusion cylinder 19 in a reciprocating manner, so that the repeated intermittent extrusion effect of the feed entering the extrusion cylinder 19 is realized, the feed in the crushing box 10 can be supplied to the extrusion cylinder 19 at intervals, the extrusion and granulation efficiency of the feed is improved, the arranged sectional blades 23 can cut the extruded feed into granules, and meanwhile, the vertical height can be adjusted, so that the forming length of the feed can be flexibly adjusted, and the actual feed granulation requirement is greatly met.
It should be noted that, although the present specification describes embodiments, each embodiment does not include only a single technical solution, and such description of the specification is only for clarity, and those skilled in the art should take the specification as a whole, and the technical solutions in the embodiments may be appropriately combined to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art, and the above-mentioned embodiments only express the preferred embodiments of the technical solutions, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but should not be construed as limiting the scope of the claims of the technical solutions. It should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications, improvements and substitutions can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, and all of them belong to the protection scope of the technical solution. The protection scope of this technical solution patent should be subject to the appended claims.