CN110367138A - Ensilage feeding feeds integrated device - Google Patents

Ensilage feeding feeds integrated device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110367138A
CN110367138A CN201910598402.9A CN201910598402A CN110367138A CN 110367138 A CN110367138 A CN 110367138A CN 201910598402 A CN201910598402 A CN 201910598402A CN 110367138 A CN110367138 A CN 110367138A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
transfer station
feeding
stalk
pulverizer
several
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910598402.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张习堂
马玉高
杨荣兴
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Songming Fuda Dairy Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Songming Fuda Dairy Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Songming Fuda Dairy Co Ltd filed Critical Songming Fuda Dairy Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910598402.9A priority Critical patent/CN110367138A/en
Publication of CN110367138A publication Critical patent/CN110367138A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K5/00Feeding devices for stock or game ; Feeding wagons; Feeding stacks
    • A01K5/001Fodder distributors with mixer or shredder
    • A01K5/005Fodder distributors with mixer or shredder where fodder, e.g. bales, is conveyed by conveyor or slide to mixing or shredding elements on transversal and horizontal axes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K5/00Feeding devices for stock or game ; Feeding wagons; Feeding stacks
    • A01K5/001Fodder distributors with mixer or shredder
    • A01K5/007Fodder distributors with mixer or shredder with mixing or shredding area contained inside an endless chain or belt conveyor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K5/00Feeding devices for stock or game ; Feeding wagons; Feeding stacks
    • A01K5/02Automatic devices
    • A01K5/0208Automatic devices with conveyor belts or the like

Abstract

The present invention relates to milk cattle cultivating technical fields, disclose a kind of ensilage feeding nursing integrated device, comprising: feed mechanism, cutting mechanism, pulverizer and the first transfer station;The feed mechanism includes: feeding roller, feeding motor and speed reducer, and the feeding roller side wall is equipped with several upper shovels;The cutting mechanism includes: the second transfer station, cutting cabinet, several saw discs and saw disc motor;The pulverizer is located at the discharge end of second transfer station, for crushing the stalk section sent by the second transfer station;First transfer station is located at below the pulverizer discharge port, for the stalk of crushing to be delivered to crib.Invention achieves the effects from the integration nursing for taking out corn stover, shredding and being sent to crib.

Description

Ensilage feeding feeds integrated device
Technical field
The present invention relates to milk cattle cultivating technical field, in particular to a kind of ensilage feeding feeds integrated device.
Background technique
Ensilage be by the material careless (such as: corn stover) more than moisture content through overcompaction, sealing, ferment, mainly For feeding of ruminant animals (such as: ox).Ensilage is than fresh feed shelf-stable, and nutritional ingredient is better than dry feed.
For milk cattle cultivating, ensilage mostly uses greatly organic corn stalk, and corn stover compacting is stored in silage silo, When needing to feed milk cow, corn stover need to be manually taken out, then chopping is fed.For the farm of scale, ensilage at After ripe, corn stover is also required to manually take out, and is packaged after then being crushed using pulverizer, artificial feeding when nursing.It can be seen that existing It in technology, is fed using ensilage in the scheme of milk cow and needs to consume a large amount of human cost, cannot achieve from taking-up corn Stalk, the integration shredded and be sent to crib are fed.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes that a kind of ensilage feeding feeds integrated device, and solution cannot achieve beautiful from taking out in the prior art The problem of rice stalk, the integration shredded and be sent to crib are fed.
A kind of ensilage feeding of the invention feeds integrated device, comprising: feed mechanism, cutting mechanism, pulverizer and First transfer station;
The feed mechanism includes: feeding roller, feeding motor and speed reducer, and the feeding motor connects speed reducer, is slowed down Machine drives the feeding roller, and the feeding roller side wall is equipped with several upper shovels;
The cutting mechanism includes: the second transfer station, cutting cabinet, several saw discs and saw disc motor, second transmission Platform is located at the discharge side of feeding roller, is alternatively arranged for several conveyer belts, and cutting cabinet is mounted in the second transfer station, several Saw disc is located in cutting box body, is separately positioned in the gap of adjacent conveyor belts, and is coaxially disposed, and saw disc motor driven saw disc turns It moves to cut stalk;
The pulverizer is located at the discharge end of second transfer station, for crushing the straw sent by the second transfer station Stalk section;
First transfer station is located at below the pulverizer discharge port, for the stalk of crushing to be delivered to crib.
Wherein, the cross section of the upper shovel is arc.
Wherein, the cutting mechanism further include: several pinch rollers and pinch roller motor, the pinch roller are located above transmission belt, and With saw disc interval and be arranged in parallel, several pinch rollers coaxial arrangements, several pinch rollers rotations of pinch roller motor driven, in the second transmission On the direction of transfer of platform, the axis of pinch roller is located at the rear of the axis of saw disc.
Wherein, further includes: bulk material plate, the bulk material plate are located between the discharge end and crib of the first transfer station, bulk material plate It is lower than on the side of the first transfer station, the bulk material plate close to the side of crib and is vertically equipped with several partitions, in bulk cargo The diversion channel that different cribs or different cribs region are oriented to for stalk after crushing is formed on plate.
Wherein, the bulk material plate is horizontal by 45 °~60 ° angles.
Wherein, further includes: the intermediate transport platform tilted upward, between the second transfer station and pulverizer, for by the The stalk section of the discharge end of two transfer stations is passed up to pulverizer feeding inlet.
Wherein, the cutting box body is located at the second transfer station feed end side equipped with inclined guide groove.
Wherein, further includes: automation controller, the automation controller connect the feeding motor, speed reducer, saw disc Motor, the first transfer station, the second transfer station and pulverizer.
Ensilage feeding of the invention feeds integrated device by feed mechanism automatic charging, and cutting mechanism is cut automatically It cuts, pulverizer automatic crushing, then milk cow crib is delivered to by the first transfer station, to reach from taking-up corn stover, cut The effect that integration that is broken and being sent to crib is fed.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention without any creative labor, may be used also for those of ordinary skill in the art To obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is that a kind of ensilage feeding of the invention feeds integrated device structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It is as illustrated in fig. 1 and 2 that the ensilage feeding of the present embodiment feeds integrated device, comprising: feed mechanism 1, cutting machine Structure 2, pulverizer 3 and the first transfer station 4.
Feed mechanism 1 includes: feeding roller 11, feeding motor 12 and speed reducer 13, and feeding motor 12 connects speed reducer 13, subtracts Fast machine drives feeding roller 11, makes the rotation of 11 relatively slower of feeding roller, and 11 side wall of feeding roller is equipped with several upper shovels 14.
Cutting mechanism includes: the second transfer station 21, cutting cabinet 22, several saw discs 23 and saw disc motor 25, the second transmission Platform 21 is located at the discharge side of feeding roller 11, is alternatively arranged for several conveyer belts, and cutting cabinet 22 is mounted on the second transfer station On 21, several saw discs 23 are located in cutting cabinet 22, are separately positioned in the gap of adjacent conveyor belts, and be coaxially disposed, saw disc Motor 24 drives the rotation of saw disc 23 to cut stalk.Since the stalk after ensiling has certain toughness, it is adopted in the present embodiment It is easier with saw disc 23 (rather than the cutter to move up and down) by straw cutting.
Pulverizer 3 is located at the discharge end of second transfer station 21, is sent for crushing by the second transfer station 21 Stalk section, pulverizer 3 can be existing crusher for straw 3.
First transfer station 4 is located at below 3 discharge port of pulverizer, for the stalk of crushing to be delivered to crib 5.
When work, feed mechanism 1 is placed in the opening of silage silo, upper shovel 14 shovels lower stalk, and will with feeding roller 11 Stalk turns to the feed end discharging of the second transfer station 21, is cut so that stalk is transferred into cutting cabinet 22, will be compared with Long stalk is cut into shorter stalk section, in order to which subsequent pulverizer 3 is crushed.The straw section of well cutting is transferred into crushing Machine 3, the fragment (chewing convenient for milk cow) that straw section is ground into 3~5cm size by pulverizer 3 are transmitted by the first transfer station 4 afterwards Into crib 5.As long as feeding motor 12, speed reducer 13, saw disc motor 25, pulverizer 3 and each transfer station are switched on by whole process Can automatic running, achieved the effect that from take out corn stover, shred and be sent to crib integration feed.And only need one Labour is greatly saved by front of stalk heap to feeding roller 11 in front end to two workers.
The cross section of upper shovel 14 is arc, it is easier to scoop up stalk from stalk heap.
Since stalk is lighter, when stalk is passed forward at saw disc 23, pushed ahead without enough thrust, so that stalk Easily the second transfer station 21 feed end accumulate, be stacked into it is a certain amount of after, thrust is bigger, and the stalk of front end just can be by saw disc 23 Cutting, cutting efficiency are low.Therefore, the cutting mechanism of the present embodiment further include: several pinch rollers 24 and pinch roller motor 26, pinch roller 24 It is spaced and is arranged in parallel above transmission belt, and with saw disc 23, several pinch rollers 24 are coaxially disposed, if pinch roller motor 26 drives dry-pressing 24 rotation of wheel, on the direction of transfer of the second transfer station 21, the axis of pinch roller 24 is located at the rear of the axis of saw disc 23.It is working When, keep the bottom rotational line directional velocity of pinch roller 24 consistent with 21 transmission direction of the second transfer station, controls revolving speed and feeding roller 11 is consistent, and pinch roller motor 26 is also possible to the combination of motor and speed reducer, and 24 revolving speed of pinch roller is not easy very much to push down stalk fastly.When When stalk is transferred at pinch roller 24, stalk is pushed down simultaneously onwards transmission, stalk in advance and is advanced by pinch roller 24 and the second transfer station 21 It is cut at saw disc 23, avoids stalk from accumulating in 21 feed end of the second transfer station, also improve cutting efficiency.
The ensilage feeding of the present embodiment feeds integrated device further include: bulk material plate 6, bulk material plate 6 are located at the first transmission Between the discharge end and crib 5 of platform 4, bulk material plate 6 is lower than close to the side of crib 5 close to the side of the first transfer station 4, i.e. bulk cargo Plate is inclined to set, and several partitions 9 are vertically equipped on bulk material plate 6, to be formed on bulk material plate 6 for leading smashed stalk To different cribs or the diversion channel in different crib region, smashed stalk is avoided to be deposited in a certain of a crib or crib Section.
Bulk material plate 6 is horizontal by 45 °~60 ° angles, and angle is bigger, i.e., tilt angle is bigger, and smashed stalk is got over It is easy to fall in crib 5 with diversion channel.
The ensilage feeding of the present embodiment feeds integrated device further include: the intermediate transport platform 7 tilted upward is located at the Between two transfer stations 21 and pulverizer 3, for the stalk section of the discharge end of the second transfer station 21 to be passed up to pulverizer 3 Material mouth can improve as far as possible the height of pulverizer 3 in this way, to increase the tilt angle of bulk material plate 6.
In the present embodiment, cutting cabinet 22 is located at 21 feed end side of the second transfer station equipped with inclined guide groove 27, uses In the stalk to fall on 14 will be produced from feeding along the table top that guide groove 27 stably falls on the second transfer station 21, under avoiding vertically It falls after bouncing and falls down the second transfer station 21.
In order to realize that overall-in-one control schema, the ensilage feeding of the present embodiment feed integrated device further include: automation control Device 8 processed, automation controller 8 connect feeding motor 12, speed reducer 13, saw disc motor 25, the first transfer station 4, the second transfer station 21 and pulverizer 5, pinch roller motor 26 is connected, also certainly to carry out automation centralized control.
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, it is all in spirit of the invention and Within principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of ensilage feeding feeds integrated device characterized by comprising feed mechanism, cutting mechanism, pulverizer and First transfer station;
The feed mechanism includes: feeding roller, feeding motor and speed reducer, and the feeding motor connects speed reducer, and speed reducer drives The feeding roller is moved, the feeding roller side wall is equipped with several upper shovels;
The cutting mechanism includes: the second transfer station, cutting cabinet, several saw discs and saw disc motor, second transfer station position It in the discharge side of feeding roller, is alternatively arranged for several conveyer belts, cutting cabinet is mounted in the second transfer station, several saw discs In cutting box body, be separately positioned in the gap of adjacent conveyor belts, and be coaxially disposed, saw disc motor driven saw disc rotation with Cut stalk;
The pulverizer is located at the discharge end of second transfer station, for crushing the stalk sent by the second transfer station Section;
First transfer station is located at below the pulverizer discharge port, for the stalk of crushing to be delivered to crib.
2. ensilage feeding as described in claim 1 feeds integrated device, which is characterized in that the cross section of the upper shovel For arc.
3. ensilage feeding as described in claim 1 feeds integrated device, which is characterized in that the cutting mechanism also wraps Include: several pinch rollers and pinch roller motor, the pinch roller are located above transmission belt, and with saw disc interval and be arranged in parallel, several pinch rollers Coaxial arrangement, several pinch roller rotations of pinch roller motor driven, on the direction of transfer of the second transfer station, the axis of pinch roller is located at The rear of the axis of saw disc.
4. ensilage feeding as described in claim 1 feeds integrated device, which is characterized in that further include: bulk material plate, it is described Bulk material plate is located between the discharge end and crib of the first transfer station, and bulk material plate is lower than close to the side of crib close to the first transfer station Side, several partitions are equipped on the bulk material plate, vertically formed on bulk material plate for stalk guiding difference after crushing Crib or the diversion channel in different cribs region.
5. ensilage feeding as claimed in claim 4 feeds integrated device, which is characterized in that the bulk material plate and horizontal plane In 45 °~60 ° angles.
6. ensilage feeding as claimed in claim 4 feeds integrated device, which is characterized in that further include: it tilts upward Intermediate transport platform, between the second transfer station and pulverizer, for by the stalk section of the discharge end of the second transfer station to upload It send to pulverizer feeding inlet.
7. ensilage feeding as described in claim 1 feeds integrated device, which is characterized in that the cutting box body is located at the Two transfer station feed end sides are equipped with inclined guide groove.
8. as ensilage feeding according to any one of claims 1 to 7 feeds integrated device, which is characterized in that further include: Automation controller, the automation controller connect the feeding motor, speed reducer, saw disc motor, the first transfer station, second Transfer station and pulverizer.
CN201910598402.9A 2019-07-04 2019-07-04 Ensilage feeding feeds integrated device Pending CN110367138A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910598402.9A CN110367138A (en) 2019-07-04 2019-07-04 Ensilage feeding feeds integrated device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910598402.9A CN110367138A (en) 2019-07-04 2019-07-04 Ensilage feeding feeds integrated device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110367138A true CN110367138A (en) 2019-10-25

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910598402.9A Pending CN110367138A (en) 2019-07-04 2019-07-04 Ensilage feeding feeds integrated device

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CN (1) CN110367138A (en)

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE29609094U1 (en) * 1995-05-23 1996-08-29 Schrijver H A M Bv Feed transport and delivery trolleys
EP0968643A1 (en) * 1998-07-03 2000-01-05 Kuhn-Audureau S.A. Distributing machine
EP2140758A2 (en) * 2008-07-04 2010-01-06 Trioliet Mullos B.V. Apparatus for separating and mixing feed for livestock
CN204811118U (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-02 罗平县恒鑫牧业有限公司 Device is crumpled to ensiling hand hay cutter grass
CN206897538U (en) * 2017-04-12 2018-01-19 嵩明博野种养殖发展有限公司 A kind of equipment for the green feed crushing for facilitating cattle fooder
CN107787692A (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-03-13 宋珊珊 New Green maize stalk cutter
CN107820875A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-03-23 重庆华万伦生物新能源科技有限公司 A kind of modified stalk cutting and grinding device
CN207461131U (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-06-08 河南黄志牧业有限公司 A kind of livestock-raising fresh material scene feed system
CN108633491A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-12 刘文平 A kind of automatic feeding type straw chopping and returning device
CN109220254A (en) * 2018-09-04 2019-01-18 全椒县汊河农机服务专业合作社 Agricultural straw pulverizer

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE29609094U1 (en) * 1995-05-23 1996-08-29 Schrijver H A M Bv Feed transport and delivery trolleys
EP0968643A1 (en) * 1998-07-03 2000-01-05 Kuhn-Audureau S.A. Distributing machine
EP2140758A2 (en) * 2008-07-04 2010-01-06 Trioliet Mullos B.V. Apparatus for separating and mixing feed for livestock
CN204811118U (en) * 2015-08-13 2015-12-02 罗平县恒鑫牧业有限公司 Device is crumpled to ensiling hand hay cutter grass
CN107787692A (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-03-13 宋珊珊 New Green maize stalk cutter
CN206897538U (en) * 2017-04-12 2018-01-19 嵩明博野种养殖发展有限公司 A kind of equipment for the green feed crushing for facilitating cattle fooder
CN207461131U (en) * 2017-11-23 2018-06-08 河南黄志牧业有限公司 A kind of livestock-raising fresh material scene feed system
CN107820875A (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-03-23 重庆华万伦生物新能源科技有限公司 A kind of modified stalk cutting and grinding device
CN108633491A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-12 刘文平 A kind of automatic feeding type straw chopping and returning device
CN109220254A (en) * 2018-09-04 2019-01-18 全椒县汊河农机服务专业合作社 Agricultural straw pulverizer

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