CN110355186A - Resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit - Google Patents

Resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110355186A
CN110355186A CN201910658817.0A CN201910658817A CN110355186A CN 110355186 A CN110355186 A CN 110355186A CN 201910658817 A CN201910658817 A CN 201910658817A CN 110355186 A CN110355186 A CN 110355186A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grinding
room
broken
chamber
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201910658817.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110355186B (en
Inventor
胡妤婕
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Scheler Technology (Jinhua) Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
Biten Aupu Technology Services (beijing) Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Biten Aupu Technology Services (beijing) Co Ltd filed Critical Biten Aupu Technology Services (beijing) Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910658817.0A priority Critical patent/CN110355186B/en
Publication of CN110355186A publication Critical patent/CN110355186A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110355186B publication Critical patent/CN110355186B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2/00Crushing or disintegrating by gyratory or cone crushers
    • B02C2/10Crushing or disintegrating by gyratory or cone crushers concentrically moved; Bell crushers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/24Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE
    • B09B5/00Operations not covered by a single other subclass or by a single other group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B17/00Recovery of plastics or other constituents of waste material containing plastics
    • B29B17/02Separating plastics from other materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B15/00Details of, or accessories for, presses; Auxiliary measures in connection with pressing
    • B30B15/32Discharging presses
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/02Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material
    • B30B9/04Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using press rams
    • B30B9/06Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for squeezing-out liquid from liquid-containing material, e.g. juice from fruits, oil from oil-containing material using press rams co-operating with permeable casings or strainers
    • B30B9/062Extrusion presses
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/24Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flotation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/40Devices for separating or removing fatty or oily substances or similar floating material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment units, including entrance pretreatment component, crushing device, grinding chamber, separation of solid and liquid room, installation for fermenting and oily-water seperating equipment.By the way that broken, grinding, separation of solid and liquid, water-oil separating and installation for fermenting is arranged, primary processing can be carried out in residential area to the rubbish from cooking put on by classification by realizing, grease and primary fermentation fertilizer can be transported through respectively after processing, middle water is returned in residential block to water in being used as to use, occur microorganism mass propagation in transport process so as to avoid rubbish from cooking and the occurrence of stench occurs, not only turn bane into boon, but also integrated environment is improved.

Description

Resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit
Technical field
The invention belongs to environment protection fields, specially garbage reclamation field, and in particular to a kind of resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment Device.
Background technique
Rubbish put on by classification and has become mainstream of society, wherein rubbish from cooking accounting in the rubbish that resident generates It is at present that classification is transported different destructor plants and divided for the processing mode of the rubbish after classification than being most Other places reason, but for rubbish from cooking, since its internal organic matter is extremely complex, and remaining has a large amount of microorganism, Microbes mass propagation therein during transportation, to be brought to the working environment of transport vehicle and conveying people greatly negative Face is rung, simultaneously because prolific harmful microbe is bred, so as to the killing work of microorganism when subsequent processing The difficulty of work greatly increases, if it is possible to which transport of classifying again after residential block carries out odorlessization primary treatment can then substantially improve The appearance of the above problem.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above technical problems, the present invention proposes a kind of resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit.
It is realized by following technological means:
A kind of resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit, including entrance pretreatment component, crushing device, grinding chamber, be separated by solid-liquid separation room, Installation for fermenting and oily-water seperating equipment.
The entrance pretreatment component includes rubbish main-inlet, square tube wall, winding axis and winding spindle motor;The rubbish master Entrance setting is in top and is funnel-shaped structure, and the square tube wall is communicated with below rubbish main-inlet, horizontal in square tube wall It is equipped with the winding axis, the winding axis is to be provided with multiple rows of spine on horizontal axis, winding spindle motor is provided with outside square tube wall, The winding spindle motor described twines pivoting for driving.
The lower section of entrance pretreatment component is arranged in the crushing device, including room occurs for crushing chamber and steam, described broken Broken room includes broken chamber inlet, broken shaft, broken internal tooth, broken external tooth, porous support plate, broken spindle motor, crushing chamber discharging Mouth, auxiliary material addition box and vapour inlet;The broken chamber inlet is connected to the bottom of the square tube wall, the broken shaft it is horizontal In crushing chamber, solid matter has multiple rows of broken internal tooth on broken shaft, the porous support plate is provided with below broken shaft, porous Solid matter has multiple rows of broken external tooth above support plate, and every row is crushed external tooth and the broken interior space of teeth is arranged, the open support Plate is the lower part that the hardened structure of semi arch is enclosed in broken shaft, and densely covered through-hole is provided in the edge of porous support plate, described close The through-hole of cloth enables to vapor to pass through, and offers opening downwards at the middle part of porous support plate and forms the crushing chamber discharging Mouthful, the broken internal tooth and broken external tooth are conical structure;The broken spindle motor is provided with outside crushing chamber, it is described Broken spindle motor is connected to the broken shaft and is driven to it by shaft coupling, and the auxiliary material is provided at the top of crushing chamber Box is added, the vapour inlet is provided on the bottom wall of crushing chamber;The steam occurs room and is entered by pipeline and the steam Mouth connection, and filled by porous support plate to crushing chamber top and set vapor.
The lower section of crushing chamber is arranged in the grinding chamber, including grinding chamber inlet, grinding are bored, motor is bored in grinding, grinding is outer Wall and abrasive outlet;The grinding chamber inlet setting is in grinding chamber center of top and passes through pipeline and the crushing chamber discharge port Connection is provided with the grinding cone immediately below grinding chamber inlet, and the grinding cone upper half is conical structure, and lower half is Cylindrical structure bores bottom in grinding and is provided with the grinding cone motor, and grinding cone described in the grinding cone motor driven is with certainly It is rotated as axis, the grinding outer wall is arranged outside grinding cone with arc funnel-shaped structure, and the grinding is bored outer surface and ground The inner surface of mill outer wall passes through roughening treatment, and the distance between the grinding cone and grinding outer wall gradually contract from top to bottom Small, the lower part in gap is provided with the abrasive outlet of annular between grinding cone and grinding outer wall.
The lower section for being separated by solid-liquid separation room and grinding chamber being set, including it is separated by solid-liquid separation chamber inlet, compression gusset, internal screw thread Block, external screw thread spindle motor, fixed oblique filter plate, goes out water screen, releases water opening and closing baffle and solid material outlet external screw thread axis;It is described solid Liquid separation chamber inlet be arranged in be separated by solid-liquid separation room top and with the abrasive outlet, be separated by solid-liquid separation chamber inlet just under The two sides of side are respectively arranged with the compression gusset and the oblique filter plate of fixation, and the compression gusset includes identical as the oblique filter plate of fixation inclining The tilted platen of tilted direction and compression angle board bottom plate that is affixed with tilted platen and being horizontally installed on tilted platen bottom, are inclining Inclined plate posterior rotation is connected with the horizontal external screw thread axis, is connected with the internal screw thread outside the side wall for being separated by solid-liquid separation room Block, the external screw thread axis runs through the internal screw thread block, and the outside of external screw thread axis is provided with single-screw external screw thread and internal screw thread Block is internally provided with to be meshed and internal screw thread with external screw thread, is connected with the outer spiral shell by shaft coupling in the other end of outer thread spindle Line spindle motor is provided with the solid material on the bottom wall of the compression gusset and the separation of solid and liquid room fixed between oblique filter plate and goes out Mouthful, the oblique filter plate of fixation is the ventilating hole plate that gathers, and its inclined direction is top far from the compression gusset side, fixed oblique It is provided with the water screen out on the bottom wall of the separation of solid and liquid room at filter plate rear, and is provided with described release at the top of water screen out Water is opened and closed baffle.
The lower section for being separated by solid-liquid separation room, including fermenting cellar and fermentation material storage room is arranged in the installation for fermenting, wherein fermenting Room includes fermentation chamber inlet, fermenting cellar discharge port, fermenting cellar discharge port opening and closing baffle, flora addition box, wind pipe, goes out wind-powered electricity generation Magnet valve, intake stack, air intake blower fan;The fermentation chamber inlet, which is arranged in the top of fermenting cellar and exports with the solid material, to be connected It is logical, the side wall topmost of fermenting cellar is provided with the flora addition box, the fermenting cellar is provided on the bottom wall of fermenting cellar Discharge port, and the fermenting cellar discharge port opening and closing baffle is provided on fermenting cellar discharge port, it is set in the one side wall of fermenting cellar It is equipped with the wind pipe, and is provided with the outlet air solenoid valve on wind pipe, is arranged on another side wall of fermenting cellar There is the intake stack, and is provided with the air intake blower fan on intake stack;The fermentation material storage room is arranged in fermenting cellar Lower section is simultaneously connected to by the fermenting cellar discharge port with fermenting cellar.
The oily-water seperating equipment includes water-oil separating room and fuel reserve tank, and the water-oil separating room setting is being separated by solid-liquid separation room Lower section, including water-oil separating chamber inlet, oil discharge outlet, release oily sliding block, oil sensor, jet chamber, puff prot, enter gas It manages, enter gas blower and release the mouth of a river;The water-oil separating chamber inlet is arranged on the roof of water-oil separating room and by the water outlet Strainer is connected to room is separated by solid-liquid separation, and the bottom transverse in water-oil separating room is equipped with the jet chamber, the top setting of the jet chamber Have multiple puff prots, the bottom of jet chamber be communicated with it is described enter tracheae, be provided on entering tracheae it is described enter gas blower, in oil The sidewall bottom of water separation chamber releases the mouth of a river described in being provided with, and the side wall upper part in water-oil separating room is provided with the oil discharge outlet, Be provided on the inside of oil discharge outlet it is described release oily sliding block, it is described to release oily sliding block and slide up and down, releasing cunning dynamic gear The upper and lower part of block is provided with the oil sensor;The fuel reserve tank includes oil storage tank inlet and filters Nang Bao, described Oil storage tank inlet is connected to the oil discharge outlet by flowline, and packet sets the filtering Nang Bao, the mistake on oil storage tank inlet Filter Nang Bao is elastic fabric material.
Preferably, the winding axis is to be provided with multiple rows of spine on horizontal axis, and be additionally provided on the surface of each spine Hangnail.
Preferably, the shell of the crushing chamber is square shell (or being rectangular body case).
Preferably, interior, which occurs, for the steam is provided with booster fan, for the steam for entering crushing chamber bottom Pressure carries out blower operations.
Preferably, the mesh diameter of the water screen out is less than the through-hole diameter of the oblique filter plate of the fixation.
Preferably, the water screen out is detachable structure setting.
Preferably, the filtering Nang Bao is connected on oil storage tank inlet by being removably clamped form.
Preferably, being provided with air outlet on the roof of water-oil separating room.
The technical effects of the invention are that:
1, due to resident be in rubbish investment when need it is packed, and pack crust property and rubbish from cooking property it is poor It is very not big, it is therefore desirable to it be removed first.By the i.e. setting winding axis below the rubbish main-inlet, by thereon Long spine removes plastic peel, simultaneously because can also entrain into some film classes when rubbish from cooking is toppled in resident room This kind of article can also be wound remove in the course of rotation, mixed so as to avoid in subsequent fertilizer by synthetic, the winding axis Enter plastic products difficult to degrade, to realize sublimate to subsequent organic fertilizer or grease.
By being provided with the vapor sprayed upwards in crushing chamber bottom, since vapor is encountering the lower substance of temperature When condensation reaction can occur, and condensation reaction can release a large amount of heat, so as to by high fever reaction to rubbish from cooking In harmful microorganism realize and kill, realize the mesh killed to harmful mushroom (microorganism) during broken , while being added in the auxiliary material that crushing chamber will ferment, not only crushing grinding can be synchronized to fermentation auxiliary material, simultaneously Auxiliary material can also efficiently be mixed with rubbish from cooking realization.
By the way that the grinding chamber of specific structure is arranged, by the way that diminishing grinding space is arranged, material is subjected to screening type Grinding, only top grinding particle reach certain particle size or less after can just enter cylindrical portion, to greatly improve The effect of grinding.
2, the oily-water seperating equipment by the way that bottom jet is arranged will swim in surface layer according to the property of water and oil density While grease is skimmed, due to the setting of the upward jet of bottom jet chamber, the mistake that gas is moved up in a manner of minute bubbles Particle in water body is adsorbed on to the outer surface of bubble in journey by the reason of bubble surface tension, then floats to You Heshui Surface form foam, not only by the grease being temporarily mingled in water body by bubble floating to surface, while also will be in water body Sundries removed.Filtering Nang Bao is arranged in fuel reserve tank inlet in cooperation, filters Nang Bao for liquid and passes through solid-state Particle filters out in capsule packet, so that also the particulates emission in water body is removed while improving oil-water separation, Realize the treatment effect of collaboration.
3, by the way that equipment for separating liquid from solid is arranged, by the set-up mode of the fixed oblique filter plate of extrusion parts cooperation, realize pair Granular solid material and liquid mixture after crushing grinding, are separated by way of extruding.Pass through setting The outlet of solid material is closed during extruding, avoids liquid material by the compression angle board bottom plate affixed with tilted platen Outflow from from this is so that liquid material is passed through during extruding by the oblique filter plate of fixation, and after extruding terminates, During compression gusset is recalled, solid material is fallen downwards, efficient separation of solid and liquid is realized.
By the way that blast pipe and discharge pipe is arranged in fermenting cellar, realizes and fermentation indoor gas is set in due course It changes, while being also provided with solenoid valve on discharge pipe, may be implemented in the case where closing discharge pipe, only open blast pipe and to hair The pressure that micro-positive pressure is carried out in ferment room is adjusted.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the side view of porous support plate of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the vertical view of porous support plate of the present invention.
Wherein: 11- rubbish main-inlet, 12- wind axis, and 13- winds spindle motor, 21- broken shaft, and 22- is crushed internal tooth, 23- Broken external tooth, 24- porous support plate, the throughhole portions of 241- porous support plate, 25- are crushed spindle motor, the discharging of 26- crushing chamber Mouthful, 27- auxiliary material adds box, 28- vapour inlet, and room occurs for 29- steam, and 31- grinding is bored, 311- grinding cone motor, and 32- grinding is outer Wall, the outlet of 33- abrasive, 41- compress gusset, 411- compression angle board bottom plate, 42- internal screw thread block, 43- external screw thread axis, the outer spiral shell of 44- Line spindle motor, the fixed oblique filter plate of 45-, 46- go out water screen, and 461- releases water opening and closing baffle, 51- fermentation chamber inlet, and 52- fermenting cellar goes out Material mouth, 521- fermenting cellar discharge port be opened and closed baffle, 53- flora add box, 54- wind pipe, 541- outlet air solenoid valve, 55- into Air piping, 551- air intake blower fan, 56- fermentation material storage room, 60- water oil level, 61- release oily sliding block, 611- oil sensing Device, 62- jet chamber, 621- puff prot, 63- enter tracheae, and 64- enters gas blower, 65- flowline, and 651- filters Nang Bao, 66- oil storage Case.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
It is further described in conjunction with attached drawing: resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, including enter Mouth pretreatment component, grinding chamber, is separated by solid-liquid separation room, installation for fermenting and oily-water seperating equipment at crushing device.
As shown in Figure 1, the entrance pretreatment component includes rubbish main-inlet, square tube wall, winding axis and winding spindle motor; The rubbish main-inlet setting is in top and is funnel-shaped structure, and the square tube wall is communicated with below rubbish main-inlet, Horizontal in square tube wall to have the winding axis, the winding axis is that mostly 5 row's spines (every row 5), and each point are provided on horizontal axis Hangnail is additionally provided on the surface of thorn.Winding spindle motor is provided with outside square tube wall, the winding spindle motor is for driving institute It states and twines pivoting.
As shown in Figure 1, the lower section of entrance pretreatment component is arranged in the crushing device, including crushing chamber and steam occur Room, the crushing chamber include broken chamber inlet, broken shaft, broken internal tooth, broken external tooth, porous support plate, are crushed spindle motor, are broken Broken room discharge port, auxiliary material addition box and vapour inlet;The broken chamber inlet is connected to the bottom of the square tube wall, described broken Axis is horizontal in crushing chamber, and solid matter has 15 rows to be crushed internal tooth on broken shaft, and the open support is provided with below broken shaft Plate, solid matter has 15 rows to be crushed external tooth (as shown in Figures 2 and 3 every row have 3) above porous support plate, every row be crushed external tooth with The broken interior space of teeth setting, the porous support plate as shown in Figures 2 and 3 is that the hardened structure of semi arch is enclosed in broken shaft Lower part, densely covered through-hole is provided in the edge of porous support plate, the densely covered through-hole enables to vapor to pass through, The middle part of porous support plate offers downwards opening and forms the crushing chamber discharge port, and the broken internal tooth and broken external tooth are Conical structure;The broken spindle motor is provided with outside crushing chamber, the broken spindle motor is broken by shaft coupling with described Broken axis is connected to and drives to it, and the auxiliary material addition box is provided at the top of crushing chamber, is arranged on the bottom wall of crushing chamber There is the vapour inlet;The steam occurs room and be connected to by pipeline with the vapour inlet, and passes through porous support plate to breaking Broken room top, which is filled, sets vapor.
The shell of the crushing chamber is square shell.
The steam occurs interior and is provided with booster fan, for increasing to the steam pressure for entering crushing chamber bottom Press operation.
The lower section of crushing chamber is arranged in the grinding chamber, including grinding chamber inlet, grinding are bored, motor is bored in grinding, grinding is outer Wall and abrasive outlet;The grinding chamber inlet setting is in grinding chamber center of top and passes through pipeline and the crushing chamber discharge port Connection is provided with the grinding cone immediately below grinding chamber inlet, and the grinding cone upper half is conical structure, and lower half is Cylindrical structure bores bottom in grinding and is provided with the grinding cone motor, and grinding cone described in the grinding cone motor driven is with certainly It is rotated as axis, the grinding outer wall is arranged outside grinding cone with arc funnel-shaped structure, and the grinding is bored outer surface and ground The inner surface of mill outer wall passes through roughening treatment, and the distance between the grinding cone and grinding outer wall gradually contract from top to bottom Small, the lower part in gap is provided with the abrasive outlet of annular between grinding cone and grinding outer wall.
The lower section of grinding chamber is arranged in the separation of solid and liquid room as shown in Figure 1, including is separated by solid-liquid separation chamber inlet, compression angle Plate internal screw thread block, external screw thread axis, external screw thread spindle motor, fixed oblique filter plate, goes out water screen, releases water opening and closing baffle and solid material goes out Mouthful;It is described be separated by solid-liquid separation chamber inlet be arranged in be separated by solid-liquid separation room top and with the abrasive outlet, be separated by solid-liquid separation Two sides immediately below chamber inlet are respectively arranged with the compression gusset and fixed oblique filter plate, and the compression gusset includes and fixes tiltedly The tilted platen (i.e. left low and right high in Fig. 1) in filter plate same tilt direction and affixed with tilted platen and be horizontally installed on and incline The compression angle board bottom plate of inclined plate bottom is connected with the horizontal external screw thread axis in tilted platen posterior rotation, in solid-liquid point From the internal screw thread block is connected with outside the side wall of room, the external screw thread axis runs through the internal screw thread block, and external screw thread axis is outer Portion is provided with single-screw external screw thread and internal screw thread block is internally provided with and is meshed with external screw thread and internal screw thread, in outer thread spindle The other end is connected with the external screw thread spindle motor by shaft coupling, the solid-liquid point between the compression gusset and fixed oblique filter plate From the solid material outlet is provided on the bottom wall of room, the oblique filter plate of fixation is the ventilating hole plate that gathers, and its inclined direction is top Bottom wall of the portion far from the compression gusset side (i.e. left low and right high in Fig. 1), in the separation of solid and liquid room at the oblique filter plate rear of fixation On be provided with it is described go out water screen, and be provided at the top of water screen out and described to release water opening and closing baffle.
The mesh diameter of the water screen out is less than the through-hole diameter of the oblique filter plate of the fixation.
The water screen out is detachable structure setting.
The lower section for being separated by solid-liquid separation room, including fermenting cellar and fermentation material storage room is arranged in the installation for fermenting, wherein fermenting Room includes fermentation chamber inlet, fermenting cellar discharge port, fermenting cellar discharge port opening and closing baffle, flora addition box, wind pipe, goes out wind-powered electricity generation Magnet valve, intake stack, air intake blower fan;The fermentation chamber inlet, which is arranged in the top of fermenting cellar and exports with the solid material, to be connected It is logical, the side wall topmost of fermenting cellar is provided with the flora addition box, the fermenting cellar is provided on the bottom wall of fermenting cellar Discharge port, and the fermenting cellar discharge port opening and closing baffle is provided on fermenting cellar discharge port, it is set in the one side wall of fermenting cellar It is equipped with the wind pipe, and is provided with the outlet air solenoid valve on wind pipe, is arranged on another side wall of fermenting cellar There is the intake stack, and is provided with the air intake blower fan on intake stack;The fermentation material storage room is arranged in fermenting cellar Lower section is simultaneously connected to by the fermenting cellar discharge port with fermenting cellar.
The oily-water seperating equipment includes water-oil separating room and fuel reserve tank, and the water-oil separating room setting is being separated by solid-liquid separation room Lower section, including water-oil separating chamber inlet, oil discharge outlet, release oily sliding block, oil sensor, jet chamber, puff prot, enter gas It manages, enter gas blower and release the mouth of a river;The water-oil separating chamber inlet is arranged on the roof of water-oil separating room and by the water outlet Strainer is connected to room is separated by solid-liquid separation, and the bottom transverse in water-oil separating room is equipped with the jet chamber, the top setting of the jet chamber Have multiple puff prots, the bottom of jet chamber be communicated with it is described enter tracheae, be provided on entering tracheae it is described enter gas blower, in oil The sidewall bottom of water separation chamber releases the mouth of a river described in being provided with, and the side wall upper part in water-oil separating room is provided with the oil discharge outlet, Be provided on the inside of oil discharge outlet it is described release oily sliding block, it is described to release oily sliding block and slide up and down, releasing cunning dynamic gear The upper and lower part of block is provided with the oil sensor;The fuel reserve tank includes oil storage tank inlet and filters Nang Bao, described Oil storage tank inlet is connected to the oil discharge outlet by flowline, and packet sets the filtering Nang Bao, the mistake on oil storage tank inlet Filter Nang Bao is elastic fabric material.Air outlet is provided on the roof of water-oil separating room.
The filtering Nang Bao is connected on oil storage tank inlet by being removably clamped form, when content reaches a fixed number After amount, capsule packet content is cleaned in such a way that Nang Bao is filtered in replacement and is removed.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit, which is characterized in that including entrance pretreatment component, crushing device, grinding Room is separated by solid-liquid separation room, installation for fermenting and oily-water seperating equipment;
The entrance pretreatment component includes rubbish main-inlet, square tube wall, winding axis and winding spindle motor;The rubbish main-inlet Setting is in top and is funnel-shaped structure, and the square tube wall is communicated with below rubbish main-inlet, horizontal in square tube wall to have The winding axis, the winding axis are to be provided with multiple rows of spine on horizontal axis, and winding spindle motor is provided with outside square tube wall, described Winding spindle motor described twines pivoting for driving;
The lower section of entrance pretreatment component is arranged in the crushing device, including room, the crushing chamber occur for crushing chamber and steam Including broken chamber inlet, broken shaft, broken internal tooth, broken external tooth, porous support plate, broken spindle motor, crushing chamber discharge port, auxiliary Material addition box and vapour inlet;The broken chamber inlet is connected to the bottom of the square tube wall, and the broken shaft is horizontal broken Interior, solid matter has multiple rows of broken internal tooth on broken shaft, the porous support plate is provided with below broken shaft, in open support Solid matter has multiple rows of broken external tooth above plate, and every row is crushed external tooth and the broken interior space of teeth is arranged, and the porous support plate is The hardened structure of semi arch is enclosed in the lower part of broken shaft, and densely covered through-hole is provided in the edge of porous support plate, described densely covered Through-hole enables to vapor to pass through, and offers opening downwards at the middle part of porous support plate and forms the crushing chamber discharge port, The broken internal tooth and broken external tooth are conical structure;The broken spindle motor is provided with outside crushing chamber, it is described broken Broken spindle motor is connected to the broken shaft and is driven to it by shaft coupling, and the auxiliary material is provided at the top of crushing chamber and is added Add box, the vapour inlet is provided on the bottom wall of crushing chamber;The steam occurs room and passes through pipeline and the vapour inlet Connection, and filled by porous support plate to crushing chamber top and set vapor;
The grinding chamber is arranged in the lower section of crushing chamber, including grinding chamber inlet, grinding cone, grinding cone motor, grinding outer wall and Abrasive outlet;The grinding chamber inlet setting connects in grinding chamber center of top and by pipeline and the crushing chamber discharge port It is logical, the grinding cone is provided with immediately below grinding chamber inlet, the grinding cone upper half is conical structure, and lower half is circle Column structure is provided with the grinding cone motor in grinding cone bottom, and grinding cone described in the grinding cone motor driven is with itself For axis rotation, the grinding outer wall is arranged outside grinding cone with arc funnel-shaped structure, the grinding cone outer surface and grinding The inner surface of outer wall passes through roughening treatment, and the distance between the grinding cone and grinding outer wall gradually reduce from top to bottom, The lower part in gap is provided with the abrasive outlet of annular between grinding cone and grinding outer wall;
The lower section of grinding chamber is arranged in the room that is separated by solid-liquid separation, including is separated by solid-liquid separation chamber inlet, compression gusset, internal screw thread block, outer Thread spindle, fixed oblique filter plate, goes out water screen, releases water opening and closing baffle and solid material outlet external screw thread spindle motor;The separation of solid and liquid Chamber inlet be arranged in be separated by solid-liquid separation room top and with the abrasive outlet, be separated by solid-liquid separation chamber inlet immediately below two Side is respectively arranged with the compression gusset and fixed oblique filter plate, and the compression gusset includes and fixation oblique filter plate same tilt direction Tilted platen and compression angle board bottom plate that is affixed with tilted platen and being horizontally installed on tilted platen bottom, in tilted platen Posterior rotation is connected with the horizontal external screw thread axis, is connected with the internal screw thread block, institute outside the side wall for being separated by solid-liquid separation room External screw thread axis is stated through the internal screw thread block, and the outside of external screw thread axis be provided with single-screw external screw thread and inside internal screw thread block It is provided with and is meshed with external screw thread and internal screw thread, the external screw thread axis electricity is connected with by shaft coupling in the other end of outer thread spindle Machine is provided with the solid material outlet, institute on the bottom wall of the compression gusset and the separation of solid and liquid room fixed between oblique filter plate Stating fixed oblique filter plate is the ventilating hole plate that gathers, and its inclined direction is top far from the compression gusset side, in the oblique filter plate of fixation Be provided on the bottom wall of the separation of solid and liquid room at rear it is described go out water screen, and be provided at the top of water screen out and described to release water and open Close baffle;
The lower section for being separated by solid-liquid separation room, including fermenting cellar and fermentation material storage room is arranged in the installation for fermenting, wherein fermenting cellar packet Include fermentation chamber inlet, fermenting cellar discharge port, fermenting cellar discharge port opening and closing baffle, flora addition box, wind pipe, outlet air electromagnetism Valve, intake stack, air intake blower fan;It is described fermentation chamber inlet be arranged in fermenting cellar top and with the solid material outlet, The side wall topmost of fermenting cellar is provided with the flora addition box, the fermenting cellar discharging is provided on the bottom wall of fermenting cellar Mouthful, and the fermenting cellar discharge port opening and closing baffle is provided on fermenting cellar discharge port, it is provided in the one side wall of fermenting cellar The wind pipe, and the outlet air solenoid valve is provided on wind pipe, it is arranged on another side wall of fermenting cellar Intake stack is stated, and is provided with the air intake blower fan on intake stack;The fermentation material storage room is arranged below fermenting cellar And it is connected to by the fermenting cellar discharge port with fermenting cellar;
The oily-water seperating equipment includes water-oil separating room and fuel reserve tank, and the water-oil separating room, which is arranged in, to be separated by solid-liquid separation under room Side, including water-oil separating chamber inlet, oil discharge outlet, release oily sliding block, oil sensor, jet chamber, puff prot, enter tracheae, enter Gas blower and release the mouth of a river;The water-oil separating chamber inlet be arranged on the roof of water-oil separating room and by it is described go out water screen with It is separated by solid-liquid separation room connection, the bottom transverse in water-oil separating room is equipped with the jet chamber, is provided at the top of the jet chamber multiple Puff prot, the bottom of jet chamber be communicated with it is described enter tracheae, be provided on entering tracheae it is described enter gas blower, in water-oil separating The sidewall bottom of room releases the mouth of a river described in being provided with, and the side wall upper part in water-oil separating room is provided with the oil discharge outlet, in oil discharge outlet Inside be provided with it is described release oily sliding block, it is described to release oily sliding block and slide up and down, releasing the upper of oily sliding block Portion and lower part are provided with the oil sensor;The fuel reserve tank includes oil storage tank inlet and filtering Nang Bao, the fuel reserve tank Entrance is connected to the oil discharge outlet by flowline, and packet sets the filtering Nang Bao, the filtering Nang Bao on oil storage tank inlet For elastic fabric material.
2. resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the winding axis is on horizontal axis It is provided with multiple rows of spine, and is additionally provided with hangnail on the surface of each spine.
3. resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the shell of the crushing chamber is Square shell (or being rectangular body case).
4. resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the steam occurs interior and sets It is equipped with booster fan, for carrying out blower operations to the steam pressure for entering crushing chamber bottom.
5. resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the mesh of the water screen out Diameter is less than the through-hole diameter of the oblique filter plate of the fixation.
6. resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the water screen out is removable Unload structure setting.
7. resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the filtering Nang Bao passes through can The clamping form of disassembly is connected on oil storage tank inlet.
8. resident's rubbish from cooking pretreatment unit according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the roof in water-oil separating room On be provided with air outlet.
CN201910658817.0A 2019-07-22 2019-07-22 Resident kitchen garbage pretreatment device Active CN110355186B (en)

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CN110743681A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-02-04 潍坊川溪日用品有限公司 Kitchen waste classification equipment
CN110759758A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-02-07 东营奇好日用品有限公司 A refuse classification processing collection device for kitchen remains refuse treatment
CN111284059A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-06-16 龙游卡伊环保科技有限公司 A extrusion recovery unit for rubbish from cooking
CN111389872A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-10 饶宾期 Kitchen waste treatment method
CN111468514A (en) * 2020-04-25 2020-07-31 胡妤婕 Medical waste grading treatment device and treatment method
CN111544951A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-08-18 南昌大学 Garbage collection system with grease recovery function
CN111922047A (en) * 2020-08-10 2020-11-13 郭卫 Construction waste classification processing apparatus
CN112222160A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-01-15 蚌埠绿源创芯环保科技有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling treatment device
CN112893387A (en) * 2019-12-03 2021-06-04 深圳亿乐鸿环保设备有限公司 Organic matter garbage decomposition device capable of completing decomposition treatment by utilizing self heat
CN113695357A (en) * 2021-08-27 2021-11-26 浙江储农科技有限公司 Full-cycle recycling system for kitchen waste

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CN110759758A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-02-07 东营奇好日用品有限公司 A refuse classification processing collection device for kitchen remains refuse treatment
CN110743681A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-02-04 潍坊川溪日用品有限公司 Kitchen waste classification equipment
CN110759758B (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-08-25 深圳市家家分类科技有限公司 A refuse classification processing collection device for kitchen remains refuse treatment
CN112893387A (en) * 2019-12-03 2021-06-04 深圳亿乐鸿环保设备有限公司 Organic matter garbage decomposition device capable of completing decomposition treatment by utilizing self heat
CN111284059B (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-12-18 浙江中法农业科技发展有限公司 A extrusion recovery unit for rubbish from cooking
CN111284059A (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-06-16 龙游卡伊环保科技有限公司 A extrusion recovery unit for rubbish from cooking
CN111389872A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-10 饶宾期 Kitchen waste treatment method
CN111389872B (en) * 2020-04-13 2022-01-11 中国计量大学 Kitchen waste treatment method
CN111468514A (en) * 2020-04-25 2020-07-31 胡妤婕 Medical waste grading treatment device and treatment method
CN111468514B (en) * 2020-04-25 2021-04-02 孙环 Medical waste grading treatment device and treatment method
CN111544951A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-08-18 南昌大学 Garbage collection system with grease recovery function
CN111922047A (en) * 2020-08-10 2020-11-13 郭卫 Construction waste classification processing apparatus
CN112222160A (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-01-15 蚌埠绿源创芯环保科技有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling treatment device
CN112222160B (en) * 2020-10-09 2021-10-22 北京申城生物科技集团有限公司 Kitchen waste recycling treatment device
CN113695357A (en) * 2021-08-27 2021-11-26 浙江储农科技有限公司 Full-cycle recycling system for kitchen waste
CN113695357B (en) * 2021-08-27 2022-06-07 浙江储农科技有限公司 Full-cycle recycling system for kitchen waste

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