CN110344634A - A kind of low-rise building of antidetonation - Google Patents

A kind of low-rise building of antidetonation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110344634A
CN110344634A CN201910653869.9A CN201910653869A CN110344634A CN 110344634 A CN110344634 A CN 110344634A CN 201910653869 A CN201910653869 A CN 201910653869A CN 110344634 A CN110344634 A CN 110344634A
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China
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frame
fixed
damping
layer
antidetonation
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CN201910653869.9A
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CN110344634B (en
Inventor
刘云
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North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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North China University of Water Resources and Electric Power
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of low-rise buildings of antidetonation, including building body and frame, the frame includes upper frame and support frame, the upper frame includes truss and connecting rod, the support frame is fixed on the bottom of upper frame, support frame includes multiple damping elements, " mouth " shape frame and coupling beam, " mouth " the shape frame includes upper, sheer pole and a left side, right column, damping element is fixed at the top of the cross tube, truss bottom is fixed at the top of damping element, the mounting blocks of column lower part are covered with containing case, containing case is anchored in ground, coupling beam is vertically connected between adjacent " mouth " the shape frame in front and back, on, under be connected with damping element between corresponding two coupling beams, purpose is to solve existing low-rise building, when by earthquake, foundation is easy avalanche, the column or supporting beam to play a supportive role is easy from fracture of root, the top of building holds Easy avalanche, internal skeleton framework are easy to happen craze and transfiguration, it is not easy to repair again, cause the waste problem of cost resource.

Description

A kind of low-rise building of antidetonation
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of buildings, and in particular to a kind of low-rise building of antidetonation.
Background technique
Building structure is the certain space that has the function of formed by building elements such as plate, beam, column, wall, bases, and can safety Bear the skeleton structure of the various normal load effects of building.
Application publication number is building system disclosed in the patent of invention of CN105143575, and main technical solution is dress The second floor with completion increases, and the first floor assembled in situ or first floor below the second floor move after the assembly is completed To below the second floor, the second floor and the first floor pass through beam and are fixed on ground, when this construction reduces scaffold Installation, but this building, when by earthquake, foundation is easy avalanche, the column or supporting beam to play a supportive role it is easy from The top of fracture of root, building is easy avalanche, and monolithic architecture is easily damaged, and internal skeleton framework is easy to happen craze and transfiguration, It is not easy to repair again, causes the waste of cost resource.
Summary of the invention
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of low-rise building of antidetonation, it is therefore an objective to existing low-rise building is solved, When by earthquake, foundation is easy avalanche, and the column or supporting beam to play a supportive role is easy from fracture of root, the top of building Portion is easy avalanche, and internal skeleton framework is easy to happen craze and transfiguration, it is not easy to repair again, the waste of cost resource is caused to ask Topic.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, the technical scheme is that
A kind of low-rise building of antidetonation, including building body, further include the frame being arranged in building body, and the frame includes Upper frame and support frame, the upper frame include multiple truss and connecting rod, and truss is triangle shelf in a vertical shape, and front and back is adjacent Truss is parallel and corresponds to each other, and horizontal connecting rod is vertically connected between two neighboring truss;
The support frame is fixed on the bottom of upper frame, and support frame includes multiple damping elements, " mouth " shape frame and coupling beam, the damping Element is horizontal rectangular plate body, and " mouth " the shape frame includes upper and lower cross bar and left and right column, the cross tube Top is fixed with damping element, and truss bottom is fixed at the top of damping element, is respectively fixed at the top of the left and right column Elastic plate is fixed on the bottom of truss at the top of elastic plate, and the bottom of left and right column is respectively arranged with rectangle mounting blocks, institute It states and is covered with containing case outside mounting blocks, the containing case is the cabinet of upper surface opening, and cabinet wall is fixed with resilient sleeper-bearing, is received Tank is anchored in ground, and the bottom of sheer pole is respectively fixed with spring close to the position at left and right end, and spring bottom is fixed with anchor Gu block, spring is installed in the through-hole of ground, and anchor block is anchored in ground;
It is vertically connected with two horizontal coupling beams, coupling beam respectively close to left and right end between adjacent " mouth " the shape frame in front and back It is rectangular plate body, coupling beam is located at the top of " mouth " shape frame, is connected with damping element between two coupling beams of upper and lower corresponding.
Further, 3 connecting rods are at least connected between two neighboring truss.
Further, the damping element is three-decker, is followed successively by upper layer, lower layer and middle layer, the upper and lower are equal For steel plate, middle layer is rubber layer.
Further, the elastic plate is three-decker, is followed successively by upper layer, lower layer and middle layer, and the upper and lower are Steel plate, middle layer are that section is wavy plate body, and three ply board is screwed.
Further, the area of section of the mounting blocks is greater than the area of section of column.
Further, the resilient sleeper-bearing in the containing case is close to mounting blocks.
Further, the resilient sleeper-bearing in the containing case is elastic rubber slab.
Through the above technical solutions, the invention has the benefit that
1, due to being covered with containing case outside the mounting blocks on column, cabinet wall is fixed with resilient sleeper-bearing, when building is by earthquake When, column shakes in containing case, and with resilient sleeper-bearing collision friction, resilient sleeper-bearing absorbs most of energy that earthquake generates, and stands The earthquake shock that column is subject to reduces, and column is less likely to occur to be broken, and foundation is less likely to occur to crumble, and building is not easy to be damaged It ruins;
2, spring is respectively fixed with close to the position at left and right end due to the bottom of sheer pole, spring bottom is fixed with anchor block, bullet Spring is installed in the through-hole of ground, and anchor block is anchored in ground, and when by earthquake, seismic energy is can be absorbed in spring, is protected It is not damaged to protect sheer pole, after earthquake, anchor block is fixed on the original position of ground, and spring draws support frame homing;
3, it is connected due to passing through damping element and elastic plate between upper frame and support frame, when building is by earthquake, upper frame is being propped up It is shaken in support frame, most of energy of damping element and elastic plate absorption earthquake, shear stress reduces between upper frame and support frame, top Frame will not split from support frame, and the top of building will not collapse, and at the end of earthquake, elastic plate traction upper frame is returned to original Position;
4, due to being connected with damping element between two coupling beams of upper and lower corresponding, when by earthquake, coupling beam is prior to " mouth " shape frame Deformation occurs for surrender, and damping element absorbs seismic energy, and protection " mouth " shape frame does not deform, repairs since coupling beam is readily replaceable Multiple, basic skeleton will not be damaged, and protect building, play good antihunt action.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic diagram of the low-rise building of antidetonation;
Fig. 2 is a kind of structure chart of the frame of the low-rise building of antidetonation described in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a kind of right view of the frame of the low-rise building of antidetonation described in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a kind of top view of the frame of the low-rise building of antidetonation described in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is enlarged diagram at Fig. 2 A;
Fig. 6 is Fig. 5 B-B sectional view;
Fig. 7 is enlarged diagram at Fig. 2 C;
Fig. 8 is Fig. 7 D-D sectional view;
Fig. 9 is a kind of schematic diagram of the elastic plate of the low-rise building of antidetonation described in Fig. 1;
Figure 10 is a kind of left view of the elastic plate of the low-rise building of antidetonation described in Fig. 1.
Numbering in the drawing are as follows: 1 is building body, and 2 be frame, and 4 be elastic plate, and 5 be mounting blocks, and 6 be containing case, and 7 be bullet Spring, 8 be anchor block, and 9 be ground, and 20 be upper frame, and 21 be support frame, and 60 be resilient sleeper-bearing, and 200 be truss, and 201 be connecting rod, 210 It is " mouth " shape frame for damping element, 211,212 be coupling beam.
Specific embodiment
Present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in Fig. 1~Figure 10, a kind of low-rise building of antidetonation, including building body 1, it further include being arranged in building body Frame 2 in 1, the frame 2 include upper frame 20 and support frame 21, and the upper frame 20 includes multiple truss 200 and connecting rod 201, Truss 200 is triangle shelf in a vertical shape, and the adjacent truss 200 in front and back is parallel and corresponds to each other, two neighboring truss Horizontal connecting rod 201 is vertically connected between 200.
The support frame 21 is fixed on the bottom of upper frame 20, and support frame 21 includes multiple damping elements 210, " mouth " shape frame 211 and coupling beam 212, the damping element 210 be horizontal rectangular plate body, " mouth " the shape frame 211 include upper, lower horizontal Bar and left and right column are fixed with damping element 210 at the top of the cross tube, and the top of damping element 210 is fixed on truss 200 bottoms are respectively fixed with elastic plate 4 at the top of the left and right column, and the top of elastic plate 4 is fixed on the bottom of truss 200 Portion, the bottom of left and right column are respectively arranged with rectangle mounting blocks 5, containing case 6, the receiving are covered with outside the mounting blocks 5 Case 6 is the cabinet of upper surface opening, and cabinet wall is fixed with resilient sleeper-bearing 60, and containing case 6 is anchored in ground 9, sheer pole Bottom is respectively fixed with spring 7 close to the position at left and right end, and 7 bottom of spring is fixed with anchor block 8, and spring 7 is installed on ground 9 Through-hole in, anchor block 8 is anchored in ground 9.
It is vertically connected with two horizontal companies respectively close to left and right end between adjacent " mouth " the shape frame 211 in front and back Beam 212, coupling beam 212 are rectangular plate bodies, and coupling beam 212 is located at the top of " mouth " shape frame 211, two coupling beams 212 of upper and lower corresponding Between be connected with damping element 210.
3 connecting rods 201 are at least connected between two neighboring truss 200.
The damping element 210 is three-decker, is followed successively by upper layer, lower layer and middle layer, and the upper and lower are steel plate, Middle layer is rubber layer.
The elastic plate 4 is three-decker, is followed successively by upper layer, lower layer and middle layer, and the upper and lower are steel plate, intermediate Layer is that section is wavy plate body, and three ply board is screwed.
The area of section of the mounting blocks 5 is greater than the area of section of column.
Resilient sleeper-bearing 60 in the containing case 6 is close to mounting blocks 5, and specifically, resilient sleeper-bearing 60 is elastic rubber slab.
Due to being covered with containing case 6 outside the mounting blocks 5 on column, cabinet wall is fixed with resilient sleeper-bearing 60, when building meets with When by earthquake, column shakes in containing case 6, and with 60 collision friction of resilient sleeper-bearing, resilient sleeper-bearing 60 absorbs the big of earthquake generation Portion of energy, the earthquake shock that column is subject to reduce, and column is less likely to occur to be broken, and 9 basis of ground is less likely to occur to crumble, and builds Build be not easy it is destroyed.
Since the bottom of sheer pole is respectively fixed with spring 7 close to the position at left and right end, 7 bottom of spring is fixed with anchoring Block 8, spring 7 are installed in the through-hole of ground 9, and anchor block 8 is anchored in ground 9, and when by earthquake, spring 7 be can be absorbed Seismic energy, protection cross tube is not damaged, and after earthquake, anchor block 8 is fixed on the original position of ground, the traction branch of spring 7 21 homing of support frame.
It is connected due to passing through damping element 210 and elastic plate 4 between upper frame 20 and support frame 21, when building is by earthquake When, upper frame 20 shakes on support frame 21, most of energy of damping element 210 and the absorption earthquake of elastic plate 4, upper frame 20 and branch Shear stress reduces between support frame 21, and upper frame 20 will not split from support frame 21, and the top of building will not collapse, when earthquake terminates When, elastic plate 4 draws upper frame 20 and is returned to original position.
Due to being connected with damping element 210 between two coupling beams 212 of upper and lower corresponding, when by earthquake, coupling beam 212 Prior to the surrender of " mouth " shape frame 211, deformation occurs, and damping element 210 absorbs seismic energy, and protection " mouth " shape frame 211 does not become Shape, due to the readily replaceable reparation of coupling beam 212, basic skeleton will not be damaged, and protect building, play good antidetonation and make With.
A specific embodiment of the invention is described in detail in conjunction with attached drawing above, still, foregoing description content is not pair The limitation of invention, without prejudice in spirit, that is, the open scope of the invention, all technical solutions to invention carry out a variety of equivalent Or equivalent deformation or replacement all belongs to the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of low-rise building of antidetonation, including building body (1), which is characterized in that further include setting in building body (1) Frame (2), the frame (2) includes upper frame (20) and support frame (21), the upper frame (20) include multiple truss (200) and Connecting rod (201), truss (200) are triangle shelfs in a vertical shape, and the adjacent truss in front and back (200) is parallel and mutually right It answers, is vertically connected with horizontal connecting rod (201) between two neighboring truss (200);
The support frame (21) is fixed on the bottom of upper frame (20), and support frame (21) includes multiple damping elements (210), " mouth " shape Frame (211) and coupling beam (212), the damping element (210) is horizontal rectangular plate body, " mouth " the shape frame (211) Including upper and lower cross bar and left and right column, it is fixed at the top of the cross tube damping element (210), damping element (210) Top is fixed on truss (200) bottom, is respectively fixed with elastic plate (4) at the top of the left and right column, the top of elastic plate (4) Portion is fixed on the bottom of truss (200), and the bottom of left and right column is respectively arranged with rectangle mounting blocks (5), the mounting blocks (5) external to be covered with containing case (6), the containing case (6) is the cabinet of upper surface opening, and cabinet wall is fixed with resilient sleeper-bearing (60), containing case (6) is anchored in ground (9), and the bottom of sheer pole is respectively fixed with spring (7) close to the position at left and right end, Spring (7) bottom is fixed with anchor block (8), and spring (7) is installed in the through-hole of ground (9), and anchor block (8) is anchored at ground (9) in;
It is vertically connected with two horizontal coupling beams respectively close to left and right end between adjacent " mouth " the shape frame (211) in front and back (212), coupling beam (212) is rectangular plate body, and coupling beam (212) is located at the top of " mouth " shape frame (211), two of upper and lower corresponding Damping element (210) are connected between coupling beam (212).
2. a kind of low-rise building of antidetonation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that between two neighboring truss (200) It is at least connected with 3 connecting rods (201).
3. a kind of low-rise building of antidetonation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the damping element (210) is three Layer structure, is followed successively by upper layer, lower layer and middle layer, the upper and lower are steel plate, and middle layer is rubber layer.
4. a kind of low-rise building of antidetonation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the elastic plate (4) is three-layered node Structure, is followed successively by upper layer, lower layer and middle layer, and the upper and lower are steel plate, and it is wavy plate body that middle layer, which is section, and three layers Plate is screwed.
5. a kind of low-rise building of antidetonation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the section face of the mounting blocks (5) Product is greater than the area of section of column.
6. a kind of low-rise building of antidetonation according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the elasticity in the containing case (6) Backing plate (60) is close to mounting blocks (5).
7. a kind of low-rise building of antidetonation according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the elasticity in the containing case (6) Backing plate (60) is elastic rubber slab.
CN201910653869.9A 2019-07-19 2019-07-19 Anti-seismic low-rise building Active CN110344634B (en)

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CN201910653869.9A CN110344634B (en) 2019-07-19 2019-07-19 Anti-seismic low-rise building

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN110344634A true CN110344634A (en) 2019-10-18
CN110344634B CN110344634B (en) 2021-03-19

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205243120U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-18 黄淮学院 Shock attenuation antidetonation profiled steel structure house
CN206279844U (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-27 河南五建建设集团有限公司 A kind of antidetonation formed steel construction
US20170268218A1 (en) * 2016-03-18 2017-09-21 Hilton Engineering Inc Modular, transportable, insulated building, with water, and fire resistant floor, wall, and roof panel, pre-manufactured assemblies
CN108589523A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-09-28 山东省交通规划设计院 A kind of bridge shock reducing guard rail pedestal and working method
CN208934225U (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-06-04 王帅民 A kind of building roof shockproof structure

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205243120U (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-05-18 黄淮学院 Shock attenuation antidetonation profiled steel structure house
US20170268218A1 (en) * 2016-03-18 2017-09-21 Hilton Engineering Inc Modular, transportable, insulated building, with water, and fire resistant floor, wall, and roof panel, pre-manufactured assemblies
CN206279844U (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-06-27 河南五建建设集团有限公司 A kind of antidetonation formed steel construction
CN108589523A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-09-28 山东省交通规划设计院 A kind of bridge shock reducing guard rail pedestal and working method
CN208934225U (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-06-04 王帅民 A kind of building roof shockproof structure

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