CN110332687A - A kind of cleaning intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system - Google Patents

A kind of cleaning intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110332687A
CN110332687A CN201910668517.0A CN201910668517A CN110332687A CN 110332687 A CN110332687 A CN 110332687A CN 201910668517 A CN201910668517 A CN 201910668517A CN 110332687 A CN110332687 A CN 110332687A
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China
Prior art keywords
air
detection zone
conditioning
control
detector
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CN201910668517.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄强
李文静
李文浩
王世松
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Shenzhen Grand Medical Systems Engineering Ltd
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Shenzhen Grand Medical Systems Engineering Ltd
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Priority to CN201910668517.0A priority Critical patent/CN110332687A/en
Publication of CN110332687A publication Critical patent/CN110332687A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/62Control or safety arrangements characterised by the type of control or by internal processing, e.g. using fuzzy logic, adaptive control or estimation of values
    • F24F11/63Electronic processing
    • F24F11/64Electronic processing using pre-stored data
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • F24F11/72Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure
    • F24F11/74Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof for controlling the supply of treated air, e.g. its pressure for controlling air flow rate or air velocity
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/89Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/10Temperature
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/20Humidity

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of clean intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system, belongs to air-conditioning technical field, control system of the invention includes: detection unit, for obtaining detection zone environment, heat source data and for obtaining personnel amount in detection zone;Control unit judges detection zone user environment comfort level for obtaining data according to detection unit, and according to personnel amount variation regulation air conditioner operation parameters in detection zone;Execution unit, the air-conditioning parameter for executing control unit output run air-conditioning.The present invention also provides a kind of clean intelligent operation room air conditioning control methods.The present invention changes data variation by obtaining perform the operation indoor environment, heat, and decision adjusts air conditioner operation parameters, improves patient in the indoor amenity of operation and reduces air conditioning energy consumption by regulating and controlling air conditioner operation parameters.

Description

A kind of cleaning intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system
Technical field
The invention belongs to air-conditioning technical fields, and in particular to a kind of cleaning intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system and clean intelligence It can operating room air conditioning control method.
Background technique
Operating room (operating room English abbreviation o.r) is that the place of operation and rescue is provided for patient, is hospital Important technology department.Room need to use the operating room air purification system of highly effective and safe on hand, guarantee the gnotobasis of operating room, Height gnotobasis needed for can satisfy the operation such as organ transplant, heart, blood vessel, prosthetic replacement.
The air pressure of operating room according to its different zones (such as between operating room, sterile preparation, Scrub Room, between anesthesia and week Enclose clean region etc.) cleanliness difference require and it is different.Its air purity standard of the laminar flow operation room of different stage is different, example As 1000 grades of U.S. federal standard in every cubic chi of air >=0.5 μm of grit number, in≤1000 or every lift-off gas≤35 ?.The standard of 10000 grades of laminar flow operation rooms is in every cubic chi of air >=0.5 μm of grit number ,≤10000 or every lift-off gas In≤350.And so on.Therefore, indoor air cleaning degree is performed the operation for avoiding for patient's bacterium infection being very Important, while room temperature is also extremely important for the patient in the course of surgery, will affect the vital sign of patient, but It is that the increase and decrease of indoor occupant quantity and the start and stop of instrument and equipment can be kept a variety of since doctor, nurse pass in and out operating room in operating room Situation leads to indoor airflow variation of performing the operation, and air-conditioning parameter is not changed accordingly and will lead to patient in operating room inner ring in operating room Border comfort level reduces, and influences the vital sign of patient.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of clean intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system and its control methods, by obtaining Operation indoor environment, heat is taken to change data variation, decision adjusts air conditioner operation parameters, improves patient in indoor amenity of performing the operation And air conditioning energy consumption is reduced by regulation air conditioner operation parameters.
A kind of technical solution that the present invention is taken to achieve the above object are as follows: cleaning intelligent operation room airconditioning control system System, comprising: detection unit, for obtaining detection zone environment, heat source data and for obtaining personnel amount in detection zone;
Control unit judges detection zone user environment comfort level for obtaining data according to detection unit, and according to detection zone Personnel amount variation regulation air conditioner operation parameters in domain;Execution unit, for executing the air-conditioning parameter operation of control unit output Air-conditioning.
The present invention using detection unit in detection zone environmental data and heat source data be monitored, utilize acquisition Data combine the heat balance equation that is stored in control unit judge user environment comfort level in detection zone, detected to know Personnel's comfort level in region is in order to regulate and control personnel's comfort level in air-conditioning parameter guarantee detection zone, especially for operation For the patient of indoor environment, vital sign patient is led to by the variation that this control mode can effectively avoid indoor environment parameter Variation improves the survival rate of patient during surgery, is led to by the variation of personnel and number of heat source in real-time detection detection zone It crosses control unit and calculates the parameter that air-conditioning should regulate and control in detection zone with decision formula, realize control room air-conditioning output power Power and number variation and the quantitative proportion relationship between external room temperature, reach decision before not changing with indoor occupant quantity The purpose of air-conditioning power after occupancy variation guarantees to be used for environmental degree of comfort in detection zone, and passes through this regulation side Energy consumption used in air-conditioning is effectively reduced in formula, reaches energy-efficient effect, under the premise of guaranteeing users'comfort in detection zone, makes sky It adjusts targetedly to indoor environment refrigeration, control indoor relative humidity and air quantity.
Specifically, detection unit includes the first detector being mounted in detection zone and is mounted on the of detection zone inlet and outlet Two detectors.Signified inspection area of the invention is operating room, and the first detector is mounted on inside operating room, the second detector peace Mounted in operating room inlet for detecting disengaging personnel amount, come whether decision is adjusted in order to will test data feedback control unit Control air conditioner operation parameters.
Specifically, the first detector includes: heat detector, temperature detector, moisture detector, anemobiagraph, for obtaining The indoor environmental parameter of operation and Heat-Source Parameters are taken, specific meaning Heat-Source Parameters are body temperature temperature, environmental parameter meaning It is room temperature, indoor relative humidity and air velocity.
Specifically, the second detector detects the personnel amount of disengaging detection zone, the installation of the second detector by infrared sensing Import and export be additionally provided with image acquisition equipment, the second detector will test data feedback signal as image and obtains by control unit The trigger signal for taking equipment to start, image acquisition equipment is by image data feedback control unit, by control unit according to feedback diagram As data and the second detector feedback signal judge that inlet port passes in and out personnel amount.Existing infrared counting equipment may exist After personnel's pushing equipment enters operating room, the equipment that erroneous judgement personnel are pushed also is to enter or go out personnel data is caused to be missed Difference first obtains detection data with the second detector, when by data feedback control unit, control unit using the reception signal as The trigger signal control image acquisition equipment of image acquisition equipment claps the personnel and equipment that are passing through operating room doorway Image is taken the photograph, and by image feedback control unit, by personnel amount and the second detector institute feedback coefficient in control unit identification image It according to being compared, is happened with eliminating to judge by accident, guarantees the precisely indoor personnel of statistics disengaging operation and number of devices, to guarantee To operation chamber interior air-conditioning parameter regulation.
Specifically, the second detector includes being mounted on the infrared light supply of detection zone inlet and outlet side and being mounted on red light source pair Side infrared sensor is answered, infrared light supply is fixed on inlet and outlet side by fixed frame, is equipped with lens in front of infrared light supply transmitting terminal, Lens are fixed with fixed frame.Detection is carried out to disengaging operating room object using infrared thermal detector to differentiate into personnel's behaviour still Equipment, while further judging by image acquisition equipment feelings when judging certain equipment as people by accident to avoid the second detector Condition occurs, and multiple second detectors is successively laid from high to low in the door body of operating room, to avoid certain personnel's height and position mistakes It is low or push patient that can not normally be detected when passing in and out operating room, by fixed frame by infrared light supply and operating room door body Installation can play protective action to infrared light supply, and further protected infrared light supply using lens and guarantee infrared light The infrared ray that source is emitted injects infrared sensor, occurs to avoid situation is accidentally surveyed.
Specifically, the opposite arc-shaped evagination of infrared light supply transmitting terminal forms accumulation regions K in the middle part of lens, lens and fixed frame connect It connects that both ends are arc-shaped with respect to infrared light supply transmitting terminal to be recessed diverging region L, is right against in the lens of infrared light supply by setting The infrared ray that infrared light supply is launched when portion is come by the part evagination accumulation regions K can be assembled from the accumulation regions of outer convex to center Infrared ray prevents the infrared ray light diffusion of transmitting, it is quick that infrared sensor detection is improved by way of assembling infrared ray Sensitivity, while the planform by the way that emitter region L is arranged expands the transmitting range of the infrared ray other than the K of accumulation regions, to expand Infrared detection range.
Specifically, control unit includes the controller being mounted in detection zone, execution unit includes being mounted in detection zone Air-conditioning.Used controller is computer.
A kind of cleaning intelligent operation room air conditioning control method, comprising:
S10: environment, heat source data in detection zone are obtained;
S20: according to environment, heat source data in detection zone, judging user environment comfort level in detection zone, controls air-conditioning with corresponding ginseng Number operation;
S30: by personnel in detector acquisition detection zone, into/out personnel amount is obtained;
S40: when detecting that detection zone inner heat source quantity/personnel amount changes, whether regulated and controled using decision formula decision Air conditioner operation parameters, if so, exporting the air-conditioning parameter for needing to adjust to next step, if it is not, then repeating step S30;
S50: air-conditioning executes the air-conditioning parameter after S40 step output adjustment.
The present invention is combined using the data of acquisition by obtaining to environment, the Heat-Source Parameters in detection zone and is stored in control Heat balance equation in unit judges user environment comfort level in detection zone, come know personnel's comfort level in detection zone with Guarantee personnel's comfort level in detection zone convenient for regulation air-conditioning parameter, passes through personnel in real-time detection detection zone and heat source number The variation of amount by control unit according to the changing value combination decision formula of personnel and number of heat source to be calculated in detection zone The parameter that air-conditioning should regulate and control guarantees to be used for environmental degree of comfort in detection zone, and air-conditioning is effectively reduced by this control methods Energy consumption used reaches energy-efficient effect, under the premise of guaranteeing users'comfort in detection zone, keeps air-conditioning targetedly right Indoor environment refrigeration, control indoor relative humidity and air quantity.
Specifically, judging that user environment comfort level is public by the environment of acquisition, heat source data combination thermal balance in detection zone Formula is judged, heat balance equation are as follows:
;
;
In formula,To generate heat summation in the indoor occupant unit time, W/ ㎡,For n1A user's distributes heat;For n1A user is in the indoor time;R is balanced human's heat dissipation heat, W/ ㎡;M is careat , ㎡;E is Interior Space Power Regulation Rate, w.
By environment temperature in the first detector acquisition detection zone, relative humidity, indoor air flows speed, everyone Member distributes heat and counts the indoor occupant residence time, and according to personnel, residence Time Calculation obtains air-conditioning for n people indoors Institute's output power size in detection zone, and existed according to the personnel of acquisition heat dissipation heat and air-conditioning output power to compare personnel Comfort level in detection zone improves indoor people by adjusting air-conditioning parameter after comparison obtains the uncomfortable result of indoor occupant Member's comfort level, the comfort level index for realizing that the personnel in detection zone are experienced is in positive value always, for personnel in detection zone For can avoid its body surface perspiration, especially for the medical staff's body under operating room environment, being effectively reduced in being performed the operation Table heat dissipation and volume of perspiration, be beneficial to guarantee operation be normally carried out and the raising of successful surgery probability.
Specifically, decision formula are as follows:
In formula: P is air-conditioning output power, w;N is indoor airflow quantity;C is that the outer electricity box ambient enviroment of indoor human body passes through radiation Travel the heat distributed, W/ ㎡;Air-conditioning power, w before not changing for indoor occupant;To be indoor with outdoor temperature difference, DEG C; S is that occupancy changes difference.
Decision formula is used by control unit by the variation of personnel and number of heat source in real-time detection detection zone The parameter that air-conditioning should regulate and control in detection zone is calculated, before realizing that control room air-conditioning output power and indoor occupant quantity do not change Power and number variation and the quantitative proportion relationship between external room temperature, the air-conditioning function after reaching the variation of decision occupancy The purpose of rate guarantees to be used for environmental degree of comfort in detection zone, and it is effective to regulate and control by decision formula operation of air conditioner power Energy consumption used in air-conditioning is reduced, energy-efficient effect is reached.
Specifically, detection zone environment data include: temperature data, relative humidity data, air velocity data, the heat source Data include the hot temperature data of body, and detection zone is room area, such as operating room, office's room area.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the benefit that the present invention utilizes detection unit to the ring in detection zone Border data and heat source data are monitored, and combine the heat balance equation being stored in control unit to judge using the data of acquisition User environment comfort level in detection zone, come know personnel's comfort level in detection zone in order to regulate and control air-conditioning parameter guarantee inspection Personnel's comfort level in region is surveyed, for the patient of operation indoor environment, can effectively be kept away by this control mode The variation for exempting from indoor environment parameter causes vital sign patient to change, and the survival rate of patient during surgery is improved, by examining in real time It is empty in detection zone to calculate by control unit with decision formula to survey the variation of personnel and number of heat source in detection zone Adjust the parameter that should regulate and control, realize before control room air-conditioning output power and indoor occupant quantity do not change power and number variation and Quantitative proportion relationship between external room temperature, the air-conditioning power after achieving the purpose that the variation of decision occupancy, guarantees detection It is used for environmental degree of comfort in region, and energy consumption used in air-conditioning is effectively reduced by this control methods, reaches energy-efficient effect, In guarantee detection zone under the premise of users'comfort, make air-conditioning targetedly to opposite in indoor environment refrigeration, control room Humidity and air quantity.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of control flow chart of clean intelligent operation room air-conditioning regulation method of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is to control air conditioner operation parameters schematic diagram after carrying out decision to indoor acquisition detection data of performing the operation;
Fig. 3 is a kind of clean intelligent operation room air-conditioning regulator control system schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the second detector infrared light supply and fixed frame, lens connection schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the light path schematic diagram of infrared penetration lens;
Fig. 6 is lens sectional view;
Fig. 7 is the control flow chart of the clean intelligent operation room air-conditioning regulation method of embodiment 3.
Description of symbols: 10- operating room;20- air-conditioning;The first detector of 30-;40- image acquisition equipment;50- control Device;The second detector of 60-;61- infrared light supply;62- fixed frame;63- lens.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
Referring to shown in Fig. 3-6,
A kind of cleaning intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system, comprising:
Detection unit, for obtaining detection zone environment, heat source data and for obtaining personnel amount in detection zone;
Control unit judges detection zone user environment comfort level for obtaining data according to detection unit, and according to detection zone Personnel amount variation regulation air conditioner operation parameters in domain;
Execution unit, the air-conditioning parameter for executing control unit output run air-conditioning.
The present invention using detection unit in detection zone environmental data and heat source data be monitored, utilize acquisition Data combine the heat balance equation that is stored in control unit judge user environment comfort level in detection zone, detected to know Personnel's comfort level in region is in order to regulate and control personnel's comfort level in air-conditioning parameter guarantee detection zone, especially for operation For the patient of indoor environment, vital sign patient is led to by the variation that this control mode can effectively avoid indoor environment parameter Variation improves the survival rate of patient during surgery, is led to by the variation of personnel and number of heat source in real-time detection detection zone It crosses control unit and calculates the parameter that air-conditioning should regulate and control in detection zone with decision formula, realize control room air-conditioning output power Power and number variation and the quantitative proportion relationship between external room temperature, reach decision before not changing with indoor occupant quantity The purpose of air-conditioning power after occupancy variation guarantees to be used for environmental degree of comfort in detection zone, and passes through this regulation side Energy consumption used in air-conditioning is effectively reduced in formula, reaches energy-efficient effect, under the premise of guaranteeing users'comfort in detection zone, makes sky It adjusts targetedly to indoor environment refrigeration, control indoor relative humidity and air quantity.
Detection unit includes the first detector 30 being mounted in detection zone and the second inspection for being mounted on detection zone inlet and outlet Survey device 60.Signified inspection area of the invention is operating room 10, and the first detector 30 is mounted on inside operating room 10, the second detection Device 60 be mounted on operating room 10 inlet for detect disengaging personnel amount, determine in order to will test data feedback control unit Whether plan regulates and controls air conditioner operation parameters.
First detector 30 includes: heat detector, temperature detector, moisture detector, anemobiagraph, for obtaining operation Environmental parameter and Heat-Source Parameters in room 10, specific meaning Heat-Source Parameters are body temperature temperature, the referred to room of environmental parameter Interior temperature, indoor relative humidity and air velocity.
Second detector 60 detects the personnel amount of disengaging detection zone by infrared sensing,
The import and export of second detector 60 installation is additionally provided with image acquisition equipment 40, and control unit will inspection by the second detector 60 The trigger signal that measured data feedback signal starts as image acquisition equipment 40, image acquisition equipment 40, which feeds back image data, to be controlled Unit processed judges that inlet port passes in and out personnel's number according to feedback image data and 60 feedback signal of the second detector by control unit Amount.Existing infrared counting equipment may exist after personnel's pushing equipment enters operating room 10, and what erroneous judgement personnel were pushed sets It is standby also to cause data error occur to enter or go out personnel, detection data is obtained first with the second detector 60, data are anti- When presenting control unit, trigger signal of the control unit using the reception signal as image acquisition equipment 40 controls image acquisition equipment Shooting image is carried out to the personnel and equipment that are passing through 10 doorway of operating room, and by image feedback control unit, by control list Personnel amount is compared with 60 feedback data of the second detector in member identification image, is happened, is guaranteed with eliminating erroneous judgement The precisely personnel in statistics disengaging operating room 10 and number of devices, to guarantee to regulate and control 10 inside air-conditioning parameter of operating room.
Second detector 60 is corresponding with red light source is mounted on including the infrared light supply 61 for being mounted on detection zone inlet and outlet side Side infrared sensor, infrared light supply 61 are fixed on inlet and outlet side by fixed frame 62, are equipped in front of 62 transmitting terminal of infrared light supply Lens 63, lens 63 and fixed frame 62 are fixed.Detection is carried out to disengaging operating room object using infrared thermal detector and differentiates entrance Personnel behave or equipment, while further judging to set certain to avoid the second detector 60 by image acquisition equipment 40 The case where when standby erroneous judgement is people, occurs, and multiple second detectors 60 is laid in the door body of operating room 10, successively from high to low to keep away Exempt from normally be detected when certain personnel's height and positions are too low or promotion patient passes in and out operating room, it will by fixed frame 62 The installation of infrared light supply 61 and 10 door body of operating room can play protective action to infrared light supply 61, and further using lens 63 Protected infrared light supply 61 and guaranteed that the infrared ray that infrared light supply is emitted injects infrared sensor, to avoid feelings are accidentally surveyed Condition occurs.
The opposite arc-shaped evagination of 62 transmitting terminal of infrared light supply in 63 middle part of lens forms accumulation regions K, lens 63 and fixed frame 62 Both ends are arc-shaped with respect to 62 transmitting terminal of infrared light supply is recessed diverging region L for connection, are right against infrared light supply 61 by being arranged The infrared ray that infrared light supply 61 is launched when being come in the middle part of lens 63 by the part evagination accumulation regions K can be by the accumulation regions of outer convex Assemble infrared ray to center, prevents the infrared ray light diffusion of transmitting, improve infrared biography by way of assembling infrared ray Sensor detection sensitivity, while the planform by the way that emitter region L is arranged expands the transmitting range of the infrared ray other than the K of accumulation regions It is big to expand infrared detection range.
Control unit includes the controller 50 being mounted in detection zone, and execution unit includes the air-conditioning being mounted in detection zone 20.Used controller 50 is computer.
Embodiment 2:
Referring to shown in attached drawing 1,2, a kind of cleaning intelligent operation room air conditioning control method, comprising:
S10: obtaining environment, heat source data in detection zone, and signified Heat-Source Parameters are body temperature temperature, and environmental parameter is referred to Room temperature, indoor relative humidity and air velocity;
S20: according to environment, heat source data in detection zone, judging user environment comfort level in detection zone, controls air-conditioning with corresponding ginseng Number operation;
S30: by personnel in detector acquisition detection zone, into/out personnel amount is obtained;
S40: when detecting that detection zone inner heat source quantity/personnel amount changes, whether decision regulates and controls air conditioner operation parameters, If so, exporting the air-conditioning parameter for needing to adjust to next step, if it is not, then repeating step S30;
S50: air-conditioning executes the air-conditioning parameter after S40 step output adjustment.
Heat balance equation used in the present invention are as follows:
;
;
In formula,To generate heat summation in the indoor occupant unit time, W/ ㎡,For n1A user's distributes heat;For n1A user is in the indoor time;R is balanced human's heat dissipation heat, W/ ㎡;M is careat , ㎡;E is Interior Space Power Regulation Rate, w.
Environment temperature in detection zone, relative humidity, indoor air flows speed, each is obtained by the first detector 30 Personnel distribute heat and count the indoor occupant residence time, and according to personnel, residence Time Calculation obtains air-conditioning for n indoors People's institute's output power size in detection zone, and heat is radiated with air-conditioning output power according to the personnel of acquisition to compare personnel Comfort level in detection zone improves interior by adjusting air-conditioning parameter after comparison obtains the uncomfortable result of indoor occupant Personnel's comfort level, the comfort level index for realizing that the personnel in detection zone are experienced is in positive value always, for people in detection zone It can avoid the perspiration of its body surface for member, especially for the medical staff under operating room environment, being effectively reduced in being performed the operation Body surface heat dissipation and volume of perspiration, be beneficial to guarantee operation be normally carried out and the raising of successful surgery probability.
It is exemplary that the comfort level subjective assessment index table represented as follows is provided:
Environmental degree of comfort It is very comfortable Comfortably It is just comfortable It is just uncomfortable It is uncomfortable It is very uncomfortable
Index 2 1 0.1 -0.1 -1 -2
Decision formula used in the present invention are as follows:
In formula: P is air-conditioning output power, w;N is indoor airflow quantity;C is that the outer electricity box ambient enviroment of indoor human body passes through radiation Travel the heat distributed, W/ ㎡;Air-conditioning power, w before not changing for indoor occupant;To be indoor with outdoor temperature difference, DEG C; S is that occupancy changes difference.
Decision formula is used by control unit by the variation of personnel and number of heat source in real-time detection detection zone The parameter that air-conditioning should regulate and control in detection zone is calculated, before realizing that control room air-conditioning output power and indoor occupant quantity do not change Power and number variation and the quantitative proportion relationship between external room temperature, the air-conditioning function after reaching the variation of decision occupancy The purpose of rate guarantees to be used for environmental degree of comfort in detection zone, and it is effective to regulate and control by decision formula operation of air conditioner power Energy consumption used in air-conditioning is reduced, energy-efficient effect is reached.
Embodiment 3:
It is shown in Figure 7, a kind of cleaning intelligent operation room air conditioning control method, comprising:
S10: environment, heat source data in detection zone are obtained;
S20: according to environment, heat source data in detection zone, judging user environment comfort level in detection zone, controls air-conditioning with corresponding ginseng Number operation, signified Heat-Source Parameters are body temperature temperature, the referred to room temperature of environmental parameter, indoor relative humidity, dust Number of particles and air velocity;
S30: by personnel in detector acquisition detection zone, into/out personnel amount is obtained;
S40: when detecting that detection zone inner heat source quantity/personnel amount changes, whether regulated and controled using decision formula decision Air conditioner operation parameters, if so, exporting the air-conditioning parameter for needing to adjust to next step, if it is not, then repeating step S30;
S50: air-conditioning executes the air-conditioning parameter after S40 step output adjustment.
First detector 30 of the present embodiment includes: heat detector, temperature detector, moisture detector, anemobiagraph, dirt Angstrom corpuscular counter.
Acquired airborne is compared with NASA's classification standard.
Embodiment 4:
The present invention between one by carrying out test installation air-conditioner control system of the invention and transporting in 20 squares of office Row carries out power test used in air-conditioning, as experimental group test data, and does not carry out installing air-conditioning of the invention to the office Testing in same period and same weather power used in air-conditioning before control system, counts as a control group According to experimental group, control group testing time are three times, to be recorded every time, test process: disposing 6 adults in the room People leaves office every 1 hour 2 personnel, and room conditioning preliminary set time is 26 DEG C, and air conditioner refrigerating power is 75- 1620w, as a result as shown in the table:
Experimental group 1 Experimental group 2 Experimental group 3 Control group 1 Control group 2 Control group 3
Air conditioner refrigerating power/w 673w 702 691 786 815 796
After tested, it is known that control system of the invention can Effective Regulation room temperature, and reduce energy consumption used in air-conditioning.
It should be noted that the control unit in above scheme is not limited only to computer, the place individually set up can be Device is managed, is also possible to realize in integrated some processor in a device, processor described here can be a center Processor (CentralProcessing Unit, CPU) or specific integrated circuit (Application Specific IntegratedCircuit, ASIC), or be arranged to implement one or more integrated circuits of the embodiment of the present invention.
The above disclosure is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, cannot limit the right model of the present invention with this certainly It encloses, therefore equivalent changes made in accordance with the claims of the present invention, is still within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cleaning intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system, comprising: detection unit, for obtaining detection zone environment, heat source Data and for obtaining personnel amount in detection zone;Control unit, for obtaining data judgement detection according to detection unit Zone user environmental degree of comfort, and according to personnel amount variation regulation air conditioner operation parameters in detection zone;Execution unit is used for The air-conditioning parameter for executing control unit output runs air-conditioning.
2. a kind of clean intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the detection is single Member includes the first detector (30) being mounted in detection zone and the second detector (60) for being mounted on detection zone inlet and outlet.
3. a kind of clean intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: first inspection Surveying device (30) includes: heat detector, temperature detector, moisture detector, anemobiagraph.
4. a kind of clean intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:
Second detector (60) detects the personnel amount of disengaging detection zone by infrared sensing,
The import and export of second detector (60) installation is additionally provided with image acquisition equipment (40), and described control unit is by second Detector (60) will test the trigger signal that data feedback signal starts as image acquisition equipment (40), and described image acquisition is set For (40) by image data feedback control unit, by control unit according to feedback image data and the second detector (60) feedback letter Number judge that inlet port passes in and out personnel amount.
5. a kind of clean intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: second inspection Surveying device (60) includes being mounted on the infrared light supply (61) of detection zone inlet and outlet side and being mounted on red light source respective side infrared sensing Device, the infrared light supply (61) are fixed on inlet and outlet side, infrared light supply (62) the transmitting terminal front by fixed frame (62) Equipped with lens (63), the lens (63) and fixed frame (62) are fixed.
6. a kind of clean intelligent operation room air-conditioner control system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the lens (63) the arc-shaped evagination of opposite infrared light supply (62) transmitting terminal in middle part forms accumulation regions K, the lens (63) and fixed frame (62) Both ends are arc-shaped with respect to infrared light supply (62) transmitting terminal is recessed diverging region L for connection.
7. a kind of cleaning intelligent operation room air conditioning control method, it is characterised in that: include:
Obtain environment, heat source data in detection zone;
According to environment, heat source data in detection zone, user environment comfort level in detection zone is judged, control air-conditioning to correspond to parameter fortune Row;
By personnel amount delta data in detector acquisition detection zone, whether regulate and control operation of air conditioner using decision formula decision Parameter.
8. a kind of clean intelligent operation room air conditioning control method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the judgement inspection It surveys user environment comfort level in area to be judged by environment, the heat source data combination heat balance equation obtained, the thermal balance Formula are as follows:
;
;
In formula,To generate heat summation in the indoor occupant unit time, W/ ㎡,For n1A user's distributes heat;For n1A user is in the indoor time;R is balanced human's heat dissipation heat, W/ ㎡;M is careat , ㎡;E is Interior Space Power Regulation Rate, w.
9. a kind of clean intelligent operation room air conditioning control method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the decision is public Formula are as follows:
In formula: P is air-conditioning output power, w;N is indoor airflow quantity;C is that the outer electricity box ambient enviroment of indoor human body passes through radiation Travel the heat distributed, W/ ㎡;Air-conditioning power, w before not changing for indoor occupant;To be indoor with outdoor temperature difference, DEG C; S is that occupancy changes difference.
10. a kind of clean intelligent operation room air conditioning control method according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the detection Area's environmental data includes: temperature data, relative humidity data, air velocity data, and the heat source data include body heat temperature Degree evidence.
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