CN110331781A - A kind of building construction method that integration pours - Google Patents

A kind of building construction method that integration pours Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110331781A
CN110331781A CN201910645599.7A CN201910645599A CN110331781A CN 110331781 A CN110331781 A CN 110331781A CN 201910645599 A CN201910645599 A CN 201910645599A CN 110331781 A CN110331781 A CN 110331781A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
construction
concrete
pours
building
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CN201910645599.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹恒
杨苗
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曹恒
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Priority to CN201910645599.7A priority Critical patent/CN110331781A/en
Publication of CN110331781A publication Critical patent/CN110331781A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/16Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of building construction methods that integration pours, comprising the following steps: (1) preparation, (2) casting process, (3) maintenance processes, (4) construction post-processing before constructing.House is carried out integrated pouring construction by the present invention, the construction method can shorten one month than the conventional construction method duration, improve construction quality and efficiency, save a large amount of formwork cost, construction cost is largely reduced, there is preferable techno-economic effect and higher application value.

Description

A kind of building construction method that integration pours
Technical field
The invention belongs to housing construction technical fields, and in particular to a kind of building construction method that integration pours.
Background technique
The construction method in existing residential house mainly includes construction method based on reinforced concrete structure and is based on The construction method of steel construction.In the construction method based on reinforced concrete structure, generally construct first after the completion of building foundation Then frame structure fills brick in the frame, and in the interior lateral surface of brick wall one layer of cement of construction.
Its major defect is:
The first, construction program is complicated, and the amount of labour is big, long in time limit, generates a large amount of building wastes, and since scene is applied Work amount is difficult to realize stringent quality control greatly.
The second, the concrete of whole building body is implemented to be poured respectively in different construction parts, independent mutually after pouring, it is difficult to Ensure the integral strength of building, anti-seismic performance, sealing performance etc. are unsatisfactory.
Third needs frequently when constructing frame and coating cement, in high volume uses template, increases construction cost and shadow Construction efficiency is rung.
4th, need room isolation, decorating inner and external walls and isothermal holding after main body construction, house construction period compared with Long, construction cost further increases.
The present invention provides a kind of building construction method that integration pours, can high efficiency complete housing construction etc..
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of building construction methods that integration pours.
The solution of the present invention is as follows, a kind of building construction method that integration pours, comprising the following steps:
(1) prepare before construction:
It builds pile foundation: according to construction drawing, building building pile foundation in construction base;
Basement process: it builds and builds building model and build surface dust and pile foundation after house pile foundation overlap joint in place cleaning The mud left when construction, it is smooth with digging machine, and be compacted with road roller;Finally, respectively opening up a gutter in ground two sides, protect Card draining is unobstructed, and rainwater is avoided to impregnate ground;
Foundation construction: on ground after treatment, building model is built according to construction drawing;
Material prepares: according to following parts by weight concrete batching:
180-200 parts of cement, 45-55 parts of coarse sand, 120-140 parts of fine sand, 10-16 parts of fine aggregate, powdered whiting 10-15 Part, 6-10 parts of aggregation rubber powder, 2-4 parts of lignin fibre, 3-5 parts of thixotropic lubricant, 12-14 parts of flyash, hardening agent 5-9 Part, 4-8 parts of accelerator, 1-3 parts of water-retaining admixture, 100-300 parts of water;
(2) casting process:
It is poured using the concrete on-site layering of preparation, every layer concrete pours with a thickness of 520-620mm, concrete discharging It should be uniformly dispersed, be carried out continuously, vibrating spear vibrates spacing 0.4-0.8m, and the perdurabgility in each oscillation point is presented floating with surface Subject to starching and not sinking now;When pouring wall, column, when being poured into mouth under top plate, to be settled to wall, column concrete shrinkage It is further continued for pouring the concrete of top plate after 1-3 hours.
(3) maintenance processes:
Top plate uses maintenance coating of the one layer of plastic cloth as heat and moisture preserving;
Wall is using extension gunnysack water seasoning;
(4) construction post-processing:
After top plate pours, bat vibration is carried out to concrete surface, erases concrete surface laitance, carries out secondary smear Pressure, to reduce concrete surface sedimentation contraction fissure;Adhere to that magma smears pressure when smearing pressure.
Form removable sequence: it first removes outboard template, loosen wall inner side template, remove top plate and wall after 2-4 days simultaneously Internal side template.
Further, material of the present invention prepares: according to following parts by weight concrete batching:
190 parts of cement, 50 parts of coarse sand, 130 parts of fine sand, 13 parts of fine aggregate, 12 parts of powdered whiting, 8 parts of aggregation rubber powder, 3 parts of lignin fibre, 4 parts of thixotropic lubricant, 13 parts of flyash, 7 parts of hardening agent, 6 parts of accelerator, 2 parts of water-retaining admixture, water 200 parts.
Further, accelerator of the present invention is to be formulated by aluminum sulfate, aluminum trifluoride according to weight ratio 1:2.
Further, during construction casting of the present invention, special messenger to be sent to keep an eye on reinforcing bar, whether observation reinforcing bar is displaced.
Further, during construction casting of the present invention, special messenger to be sent to keep an eye on lower template, whether observation concrete occurs Leakage.
Further, curing time is 8-12 days in maintenance processes of the present invention.
Further, curing time is 10 days in maintenance processes of the present invention.
Further, it casting process of the present invention: is poured using the concrete on-site layering prepared, every layer concrete pours thickness Degree is 570mm, and concrete discharging should be uniformly dispersed, be carried out continuously, and vibrating spear vibrates spacing 0.6m, when the continuity in each oscillation point Between, being subject to surface presents and laitance and does not sink now;When pouring wall, column, when being poured into mouth under top plate, to wall, Column concrete shrinkage is further continued for pouring the concrete of top plate after settling 2 hours.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the present invention passes through preparation, casting process, maintenance processes and construction post-processing before constructing House is carried out integrated pouring construction by step, which can shorten one month than the conventional construction method duration, improve Construction quality and efficiency save a large amount of formwork cost, largely reduce construction cost, have preferable technology warp Effect of helping and higher application value.
Specific embodiment
Illustrate embodiments of the present invention below by way of specific specific example, those skilled in the art can be by this specification Other advantages and efficacy of the present invention can be easily understood for disclosed content.The present invention can also pass through in addition different specific realities The mode of applying is embodied or practiced, the various details in this specification can also based on different viewpoints and application, without departing from Various modifications or alterations are carried out under spirit of the invention.
The building construction method that a kind of integration of embodiment 1 pours
A kind of building construction method that integration pours, comprising the following steps:
(1) prepare before construction:
It builds pile foundation: according to construction drawing, building building pile foundation in construction base;
Basement process: it builds and builds building model and build surface dust and pile foundation after house pile foundation overlap joint in place cleaning The mud left when construction, it is smooth with digging machine, and be compacted with road roller;Finally, respectively opening up a gutter in ground two sides, protect Card draining is unobstructed, and rainwater is avoided to impregnate ground;
Foundation construction: on ground after treatment, building model is built according to construction drawing;
Material prepares: according to following parts by weight concrete batching:
180 parts of cement, 45 parts of coarse sand, 120 parts of fine sand, 10 parts of fine aggregate, 10 parts of powdered whiting, 6 parts of aggregation rubber powder, 2 parts of lignin fibre, 3 parts of thixotropic lubricant, 12 parts of flyash, 5 parts of hardening agent, 4 parts of accelerator, 1 part of water-retaining admixture, water 100 parts;
(2) casting process:
It is poured using the concrete on-site layering of preparation, every layer concrete pours with a thickness of 520mm, and concrete discharging should divide Dissipate uniformly, be carried out continuously, vibrating spear vibrate spacing 0.4m, the perdurabgility in each oscillation point, with surface present laitance and not now Subject to sinking;It, be after wall, column concrete shrinkage settle 1 hour when being poured into mouth under top plate when pouring wall, column It is further continued for pouring the concrete of top plate.
(3) maintenance processes:
Top plate uses maintenance coating of the one layer of plastic cloth as heat and moisture preserving;
Wall is using extension gunnysack water seasoning;
(4) construction post-processing:
After top plate pours, bat vibration is carried out to concrete surface, erases concrete surface laitance, carries out secondary smear Pressure, to reduce concrete surface sedimentation contraction fissure;Adhere to that magma smears pressure when smearing pressure.
Form removable sequence: it first removes outboard template, loosen wall inner side template, remove top plate and wall after 2-4 days simultaneously Internal side template.
As the preferred solution of the invention, accelerator of the present invention is to be prepared by aluminum sulfate, aluminum trifluoride according to weight ratio 1:2 It forms.
As the preferred solution of the invention, during construction casting of the present invention, special messenger is sent to keep an eye on reinforcing bar, whether observation reinforcing bar It is displaced.
As the preferred solution of the invention, during construction casting of the present invention, special messenger to be sent to keep an eye on lower template, observe coagulation Whether soil leaks.
As the preferred solution of the invention, curing time is 8 days in maintenance processes of the present invention.
The building construction method that a kind of integration of embodiment 2 pours
A kind of building construction method that integration pours, comprising the following steps:
(1) prepare before construction:
It builds pile foundation: according to construction drawing, building building pile foundation in construction base;
Basement process: it builds and builds building model and build surface dust and pile foundation after house pile foundation overlap joint in place cleaning The mud left when construction, it is smooth with digging machine, and be compacted with road roller;Finally, respectively opening up a gutter in ground two sides, protect Card draining is unobstructed, and rainwater is avoided to impregnate ground;
Foundation construction: on ground after treatment, building model is built according to construction drawing;
Material prepares: according to following parts by weight concrete batching:
190 parts of cement, 50 parts of coarse sand, 130 parts of fine sand, 13 parts of fine aggregate, 12 parts of powdered whiting, 8 parts of aggregation rubber powder, 3 parts of lignin fibre, 4 parts of thixotropic lubricant, 13 parts of flyash, 7 parts of hardening agent, 6 parts of accelerator, 2 parts of water-retaining admixture, water 200 parts;
(2) casting process:
It is poured using the concrete on-site layering of preparation, every layer concrete pours with a thickness of 570mm, and concrete discharging should divide Dissipate uniformly, be carried out continuously, vibrating spear vibrate spacing 0.6m, the perdurabgility in each oscillation point, with surface present laitance and not now Subject to sinking;It, be after wall, column concrete shrinkage settle 2 hours when being poured into mouth under top plate when pouring wall, column It is further continued for pouring the concrete of top plate.
(3) maintenance processes:
Top plate uses maintenance coating of the one layer of plastic cloth as heat and moisture preserving;
Wall is using extension gunnysack water seasoning;
(4) construction post-processing:
After top plate pours, bat vibration is carried out to concrete surface, erases concrete surface laitance, carries out secondary smear Pressure, to reduce concrete surface sedimentation contraction fissure;Adhere to that magma smears pressure when smearing pressure.
Form removable sequence: it first removes outboard template, loosen wall inner side template, remove top plate and wall after 3 days simultaneously Inner side template.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, accelerator of the present invention is to be matched by aluminum sulfate, aluminum trifluoride according to weight ratio 1:2 It makes.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, during construction casting of the present invention, special messenger to be sent to keep an eye on reinforcing bar, observation reinforcing bar is It is no to be displaced.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, during construction casting of the present invention, special messenger to be sent to keep an eye on lower template, observation is mixed Whether solidifying soil leaks.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, curing time is 10 days in maintenance processes of the present invention.
The building construction method that a kind of integration of embodiment 3 pours
A kind of building construction method that integration pours, comprising the following steps:
(1) prepare before construction:
It builds pile foundation: according to construction drawing, building building pile foundation in construction base;
Basement process: it builds and builds building model and build surface dust and pile foundation after house pile foundation overlap joint in place cleaning The mud left when construction, it is smooth with digging machine, and be compacted with road roller;Finally, respectively opening up a gutter in ground two sides, protect Card draining is unobstructed, and rainwater is avoided to impregnate ground;
Foundation construction: on ground after treatment, building model is built according to construction drawing;
Material prepares: according to following parts by weight concrete batching:
200 parts of cement, 55 parts of coarse sand, 140 parts of fine sand, 16 parts of fine aggregate, 15 parts of powdered whiting, aggregation rubber powder 10 Part, 4 parts of lignin fibre, 5 parts of thixotropic lubricant, 14 parts of flyash, 9 parts of hardening agent, 8 parts of accelerator, 3 parts of water-retaining admixture, 300 parts of water;
(2) casting process:
It is poured using the concrete on-site layering of preparation, every layer concrete pours with a thickness of 620mm, and concrete discharging should divide Dissipate uniformly, be carried out continuously, vibrating spear vibrate spacing 0.8m, the perdurabgility in each oscillation point, with surface present laitance and not now Subject to sinking;It, be after wall, column concrete shrinkage settle 3 hours when being poured into mouth under top plate when pouring wall, column It is further continued for pouring the concrete of top plate.
(3) maintenance processes:
Top plate uses maintenance coating of the one layer of plastic cloth as heat and moisture preserving;
Wall is using extension gunnysack water seasoning;
(4) construction post-processing:
After top plate pours, bat vibration is carried out to concrete surface, erases concrete surface laitance, carries out secondary smear Pressure, to reduce concrete surface sedimentation contraction fissure;Adhere to that magma smears pressure when smearing pressure.
Form removable sequence: it first removes outboard template, loosen wall inner side template, remove top plate and wall after 4 days simultaneously Inner side template.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, accelerator of the present invention is to be matched by aluminum sulfate, aluminum trifluoride according to weight ratio 1:2 It makes.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, during construction casting of the present invention, special messenger to be sent to keep an eye on reinforcing bar, observation reinforcing bar is It is no to be displaced.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, during construction casting of the present invention, special messenger to be sent to keep an eye on lower template, observation is mixed Whether solidifying soil leaks.
As a preferred solution of the present invention, curing time is 12 days in maintenance processes of the present invention.
Although the detailed description and description of the specific embodiments of the present invention are given above, it should be noted that We can carry out various equivalent changes and modification to above embodiment according to the concept of the present invention, and generated function is made It, should all be within protection scope of the present invention when with the spirit still covered without departing from specification.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of building construction method that integration pours, which comprises the following steps:
(1) prepare before construction:
It builds pile foundation: according to construction drawing, building building pile foundation in construction base;
Basement process: it builds and builds building model and build surface dust and pile foundation construction after house pile foundation overlap joint in place cleaning When the mud that leaves, it is smooth with digging machine, and be compacted with road roller;Finally, respectively opening up a gutter in ground two sides, guarantee row Water is unobstructed, and rainwater is avoided to impregnate ground;
Foundation construction: on ground after treatment, building model is built according to construction drawing;
Material prepares: according to following parts by weight concrete batching:
180-200 parts of cement, 45-55 parts of coarse sand, 120-140 parts of fine sand, 10-16 parts of fine aggregate, 10-15 parts of powdered whiting, 6-10 parts of aggregation rubber powder, 2-4 parts of lignin fibre, 3-5 parts of thixotropic lubricant, 12-14 parts of flyash, 5-9 parts of hardening agent, speed Coagulate agent 4-8 parts, 1-3 parts of water-retaining admixture, 100-300 parts of water;
(2) casting process:
It is poured using the concrete on-site layering of preparation, every layer concrete pours with a thickness of 520-620mm, and concrete discharging should divide Dissipate uniformly, be carried out continuously, vibrating spear vibrate spacing 0.4-0.8m, the perdurabgility in each oscillation point, with surface present laitance and Subject to not sinking now;When pouring wall, column, when being poured into mouth under top plate, 1-3 is settled to wall, column concrete shrinkage It is further continued for pouring the concrete of top plate after hour.
(3) maintenance processes:
Top plate uses maintenance coating of the one layer of plastic cloth as heat and moisture preserving;
Wall is using extension gunnysack water seasoning;
(4) construction post-processing:
After top plate pours, bat vibration is carried out to concrete surface, erases concrete surface laitance, carries out second plastering, with It reduces concrete surface and settles contraction fissure;Adhere to that magma smears pressure when smearing pressure.
Form removable sequence: it first removes outboard template, loosen wall inner side template, removed in top plate and wall simultaneously after 2-4 days Side template.
2. the building construction method that a kind of integration according to claim 1 pours, which is characterized in that material is quasi- It is standby: according to following parts by weight concrete batching:
It is 190 parts of cement, 50 parts of coarse sand, 130 parts of fine sand, 13 parts of fine aggregate, 12 parts of powdered whiting, 8 parts of aggregation rubber powder, wooden 3 parts of cellulose fiber, 4 parts of thixotropic lubricant, 13 parts of flyash, 7 parts of hardening agent, 6 parts of accelerator, 2 parts of water-retaining admixture, 200 parts of water.
3. the building construction method that a kind of integration according to claim 2 pours, which is characterized in that accelerator is It is formulated by aluminum sulfate, aluminum trifluoride according to weight ratio 1:2.
4. the building construction method that a kind of integration according to claim 1 pours, which is characterized in that
During construction casting, special messenger to be sent to keep an eye on reinforcing bar, whether observation reinforcing bar is displaced.
5. the building construction method that a kind of integration according to claim 1 pours, which is characterized in that
During construction casting, special messenger to be sent to keep an eye on lower template, whether observation concrete leaks.
6. the building construction method that a kind of integration according to claim 1 pours, which is characterized in that maintenance processes Middle curing time is 8-12 days.
7. the building construction method that a kind of integration according to claim 6 pours, which is characterized in that maintenance processes Middle curing time is 10 days.
8. the building construction method that a kind of integration according to claim 1 pours, which is characterized in that poured Journey: it is poured using the concrete on-site layering prepared, every layer concrete pours with a thickness of 570mm, and concrete discharging should disperse It is even, it is carried out continuously, vibrating spear vibrates spacing 0.6m, and the perdurabgility in each oscillation point is presented laitance with surface and does not sink now Subject to;When pouring wall, column, when being poured into mouth under top plate, after wall, column concrete shrinkage settle 2 hours after followed by The continuous concrete for pouring top plate.
CN201910645599.7A 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 A kind of building construction method that integration pours Pending CN110331781A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110952585A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-03 金匠建设集团有限公司 Construction method for integrally poured building house
CN111576615A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-25 王勇锋 Integrated house building method of assembling die
CN112196271A (en) * 2020-10-15 2021-01-08 湖南省郴州建设集团有限公司 Integrated pouring house building construction process

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103206088A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-07-17 成军 Shear wall structural wall and slab integral pouring construction method
CN103321257A (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-09-25 浙江海天建设集团有限公司 Anti-cracking seepage-proof construction method for ultra-long mass concrete structure basement
CN109053102A (en) * 2018-10-15 2018-12-21 中建铁路投资建设集团有限公司 A kind of highly resistance folding high fluidity endurance concrete
CN109809756A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-05-28 武汉雅凡节能科技有限公司 The indehiscent anticracking grout of one centimeter of one-pass molding of one kind and its construction method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103206088A (en) * 2013-04-18 2013-07-17 成军 Shear wall structural wall and slab integral pouring construction method
CN103321257A (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-09-25 浙江海天建设集团有限公司 Anti-cracking seepage-proof construction method for ultra-long mass concrete structure basement
CN109053102A (en) * 2018-10-15 2018-12-21 中建铁路投资建设集团有限公司 A kind of highly resistance folding high fluidity endurance concrete
CN109809756A (en) * 2019-04-03 2019-05-28 武汉雅凡节能科技有限公司 The indehiscent anticracking grout of one centimeter of one-pass molding of one kind and its construction method

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110952585A (en) * 2019-12-30 2020-04-03 金匠建设集团有限公司 Construction method for integrally poured building house
CN111576615A (en) * 2020-05-26 2020-08-25 王勇锋 Integrated house building method of assembling die
CN112196271A (en) * 2020-10-15 2021-01-08 湖南省郴州建设集团有限公司 Integrated pouring house building construction process

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