CN110329677A - Wet refuse for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method - Google Patents

Wet refuse for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110329677A
CN110329677A CN201910632101.3A CN201910632101A CN110329677A CN 110329677 A CN110329677 A CN 110329677A CN 201910632101 A CN201910632101 A CN 201910632101A CN 110329677 A CN110329677 A CN 110329677A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
triggering
dustbin
replacement
slot
groups
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Granted
Application number
CN201910632101.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110329677B (en
Inventor
祝磊
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Jiangsu Shien Ecological Technology Co., Ltd
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祝磊
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Priority to CN201910632101.3A priority Critical patent/CN110329677B/en
Publication of CN110329677A publication Critical patent/CN110329677A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65FGATHERING OR REMOVAL OF DOMESTIC OR LIKE REFUSE
    • B65F1/00Refuse receptacles; Accessories therefor
    • B65F1/14Other constructional features; Accessories
    • B65F1/1426Housings, cabinets or enclosures for refuse receptacles
    • B65F1/1447Housings, cabinets or enclosures for refuse receptacles located underground

Abstract

That the invention discloses the wet refuses for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method, and step is: rubbish is thrown in dustbin and makes to place component decline by pedestrian;Placing component decline can make to trigger cylinder/triggering axis rotation, finally make dustbin full load, triggering component switches to revocation state;Replacement mechanism run and make fully loaded dustbin be guided to slide onto collect in storing unit, next group of sky dustbin can rotate to be located at launch immediately below hole, the replacement protrusion of next group of replacement mechanism is located at immediately below the vertical section two of replacement slot, adds barrel automatically adds new empty dustbin on the placement trigger mechanism added immediately below bunghole, and so on;When primary driving replacement dustbin is completed in four groups of replacement mechanisms, resetting-mechanism runs and restores four groups of replacement mechanisms to original state, even if entire induction triggering is changed barrel and restored to original state, continues thereafter with and does above-mentioned dustbin triggering replacement operation, and so on.

Description

Wet refuse for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method
Technical field
The present invention relates to house refuse fields, and in particular to a kind of life wet refuse collection method.
Background technique
Garbage classification refers to and stores garbage classification by certain regulation or standard, puts on by classification and carrying of classifying, to change At a series of movable general names of public resource.The purpose of classification is to improve the resource value and economic value of rubbish, strives object Its use to the greatest extent.Garbage classification is the reform to garbage collection disposition traditional approach, is a kind of science effectively disposed to rubbish Management method.How the situation that people deteriorate in face of growing Municipal Garbage Yield and environmental aspect passes through garbage classification management, It realizes that waste resources utilize, and reduce refuse disposal amount to the maximum extent, improves living environment quality, be that our times various countries are common One of pressing issues of concern.
Dustbin is the important composition equipment of garbage collection, is widely used in the public places such as residential block, park, quality The practicability of garbage collection and the comfort of living environment are directly affected with structure, existing dustbin is usually located on ground Side occupies spatial surface, and to solve this problem, some dustbins are buried in ground end, but dustbin either above the ground, also It is the dustbin buried in ground end, when the intracorporal dustbin full load of case can if pedestrian continues the garbage throwing into dustbin It causes rubbish to overflow the phenomenon outside dustbin, not only unsightly, but also the environment on dustbin periphery is seriously affected, for this purpose, this hair Bright people devises a kind of buried wet refuse collection system of automatic replacement dustbin, and gravity sensing mode is used to incude rubbish Bucket real time status simultaneously makes next group of sky dustbin replace fully loaded dustbin in dustbin full load in time, shifts fully loaded dustbin It walks, to realize the automatic cycle of a complete dustbin replacement, addition.
Summary of the invention
To solve the deficiencies in the prior art, it the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of life wet refuse collection method, uses Gravity sensing mode induction dustbin real time status simultaneously makes next group of sky dustbin replace fully loaded rubbish in time in dustbin full load Rubbish bucket moves away fully loaded dustbin, to realize the automatic cycle of a complete dustbin replacement, addition.
To realize the above-mentioned technical purpose, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows.
Wet refuse for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method, and step is:
S1: life wet refuse is thrown to be placed in incude to trigger and changes on barrel and be located at the throwing being set on mounting plate by pedestrian In dustbin immediately below discharge hole;
The mounting plate be horizontally installed to offer on ground and mounting plate adds bunghole, launch hole, collect hole, launch hole at With rubbish laying tube is equipped with, add automatically barrel be installed on mounting plate upper surface and its with add bunghole connect, induction triggering It changes barrel/collection storing unit and is all set in underground;
The induction triggering changes barrel and includes installation frame body, fixed column, signal transferring member, places trigger mechanism, changing machine Structure, resetting-mechanism, installation frame body are installed on underground, and fixed column is fixed in installation frame body vertically, pass through bearing outside fixed column It is horizontally installed with that upper frame with lower frame and upper frame is located at the top of fixed column, lower frame is located at below upper frame, fixed column Portion of external between up/down frame body is also coaxially arranged with fixed cylinder, and the periphery of fixed cylinder is provided with through its axial direction The replacement slot of thickness, replacement slot can from top to bottom be divided into three sections and respectively vertical section one, replacement section, vertical section two, vertical section One/bis- is arranged vertically, and replacement section is connected for the connection between vertical section one/bis-, around fixed column axially and by vertical section two It is to incude the dustbin replacement that triggering is changed in barrel to turn to that the rotation for being directed toward vertical section one, which turns to,;
The placement trigger mechanism is installed on up/down frame body, and placing trigger mechanism includes placing component, connecting elements, touching Component is sent out, component is placed for bearing dustbin, connecting elements and is used to place the connection between component and up/down frame body, triggering Component with gravity triggering mode by fully loaded dustbin for being triggered;
The placement trigger mechanism is provided with four groups along the circumferencial direction array of fixed column, and turns to successively along dustbin replacement Positioned at launch immediately below hole, close to collect storing unit, positioned at adding immediately below bunghole, be located at and launch between Kong Yutian bunghole;
Life wet refuse is thrown in the dustbin for being located at and launching immediately below hole by pedestrian by rubbish laying tube, subsequent dustbin Gravity, which increases and draws, places component decline;
S2: the connecting elements includes connecting rod, fixed bracket, support spring, and fixed bracket is fixedly installed on upper frame, Connecting rod is movably installed on fixed bracket vertically and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation, and connecting rod is provided with two groups and two groups of connecting rods Top between be provided with connecting plate and be fixedly connected by connecting plate, support spring is sheathed on connecting rod and is located at connecting plate Portion of external and support spring between fixed bracket are correspondingly arranged on two groups, and the placement component is installed on connecting rod bottom End;
The triggering component includes trigger member, locating part, and trigger member includes triggering axis, triggers cylinder, connecting bracket, elastic piece, Triggering axis is movably installed on fixed bracket vertically and can axially rotate around itself, and triggering cylinder is coaxially fixed on outside triggering axis;
The triggering cylinder periphery is provided with several groups triggering slot along itself circumferencial direction array, and triggering slot is made of two parts And be respectively to trigger slot one, triggering slot two, slot two is triggered in the inclined arrangement of triggering slot one and its upper surface for being through to triggering cylinder It is arranged vertically and it is located at the underface for triggering slot one and connection between the two is connected, the triggering slot one of one group of triggering slot It also is connect connection with the triggering slot one of adjacent another group of triggering slot, the triggering slot one in one group of triggering slot and triggering slot two are indirectly Logical place is provided with unidirectional block two, and unidirectional block two is unidirectional inclined-plane two away from the side on ground, the triggering slot one of one group of triggering slot with Unidirectional block one is provided at connection between the triggering slot two of adjacent another group of triggering slot, unidirectional block one is away from corresponding triggering slot two Side be unidirectional inclined-plane one;
The connecting bracket is fixed on the lower end surface of connecting plate, elastic piece be installed in connecting bracket and the bottom end of elastic piece with Snap fit is provided with triggering protrusion, triggers raised free end and is located in the triggering slot one of any one group of triggering slot;
The locating part includes position-limited wheel, mounting blocks, limited block, limit spring, and position-limited wheel is coaxially fixed on outside triggering axis, And the periphery of position-limited wheel is provided with several groups limiting tooth along itself circumferencial direction array, the upper surface of limiting tooth is limit inclined-plane One, mounting blocks are fixed in replacement mechanism and the side of mounting blocks towards position-limited wheel is provided with mounting groove, and limited block is set to peace In tankage and limited block away from the side on ground is limit inclined-plane two, limit spring be set to limited block and mounting groove slot bottom it Between, limited block is located at the underface of any one group of limiting tooth;
The operating condition of the triggering component can be divided into restriction state, the trigger member revocation pair that trigger member limitation locating part rises The revocation state of locating part limitation, the original state of triggering component are restriction state;
Dustbin gravity, which increases and draws, places component decline, places component decline and the synchronous decline of traction bars, connecting rod Decline and draw the synchronous decline of elastic piece, so that it is adjacent to slide onto triggering protrusion by guidance in the triggering slot one of one group of triggering slot In the triggering slot two of another group of triggering slot, and during this, triggering cylinder/triggering axis can axially be rotated around itself;
Triggering axis rotates and draws position-limited wheel synchronous rotation, and during being somebody's turn to do, limiting tooth can gradually disengage the contact with limited block, when Dustbin full load, the two completely disengage contact, and triggering component switches to revocation state;
S3: the replacement mechanism matches with placement trigger mechanism and it is correspondingly arranged on four groups, and replacement mechanism includes guiding Column, guide rod, replacement block, replacement spring, guide post are fixed on vertically between up/down frame body, and guide rod is movably installed in up/down On frame body and constitute slide-and-guide cooperation and the top of guide rod is located above upper frame, bottom end is located at lower frame lower section, it is described Mounting blocks be fixed on the top of guide rod;
The replacement block is movably installed in outside guide post and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation, and replacement block is also fixed on outside guide rod Portion, replace block be provided with replacement protrusion in hinged way towards the side of fixed column and hinged shaft core line be parallel in fixed column with The tangential direction of its corresponding point position and hinged place matching are provided with for making to restore after replacing protrusion rotation to the volume of original state Spring;
The replacement protrusion of the replacement mechanism to match with the placement trigger mechanism being located at immediately below dispensing hole is located at replacement Immediately below the vertical section two of slot, and the distance between vertical section one/bis- for replacing slot is equal between two adjacent groups replacement mechanism Distance;
After dustbin is fully loaded with and triggering component is made to switch to revocation state, the elastic force for replacing spring drives replacement block/replacement protrusion Channeling direction along replacement slot moves, since fixed column is fixed, so that up/down frame body, four groups of placement trigger mechanisms/more Structure of changing planes is rotated around the axial direction of fixed column, and the rotation is dustbin replacement rotation, draws fully loaded dustbin Slide guide moves in collection storing unit, next group of sky dustbin can rotate to immediately below dispensing hole, next group of replacement mechanism Replacement protrusion be located at immediately below the vertical section two of replacement slot, add barrel automatically and new empty dustbin can be added to being located at and add On placement trigger mechanism immediately below bunghole, and so on;
S4: when primary driving replacement dustbin, i.e., the equal position of replacement protrusion of four groups replacement mechanisms is completed in four groups of replacement mechanisms When the surface of fixed cylinder, resetting-mechanism runs and guide rod is pulled to decline, since replacement protrusion is hingedly mounted to On replacement block and hinged place is provided with wind spring, to be restored by pulling guide rod decline that can make to replace mechanism to original state, together When triggering component switch to restriction state, entire induction triggering is changed barrel and is restored to original state, continues thereafter with and makees above-mentioned dustbin Triggering replacement operation, and so on.
Further improvement as the technical program.
Automatically the barrel that adds includes installation shell, guiding piece, adds a barrel part, and installation shell is open at one end, one end Closed rectangular case structure, and the open end for installing shell is fixed on mounting plate upper surface and is connected with bunghole is added, installation is outer The side of shell is also provided with the placement mouth that dustbin is placed for sanitationman, along itself circumferencial direction outside the dustbin Array is provided with two groups of guide humps;
The guiding piece is provided with the diameter that the distance between two groups and two groups guiding pieces are equal to dustbin, and guiding piece is by two It is grouped as and is respectively mounting post, directing plate, mounting post is fixed on vertically in installation shell, and two groups of mounting posts are close to each other The mounting groove through mounting post height is provided on side;
The extending direction of the directing plate is parallel to ground and perpendicular to the distance between two groups of guiding pieces direction and guides Plate is fixed on the top of mounting post, is provided with through directing plate length and is through on two groups of directing plates side close to each other The guide rails area of directing plate upper surface, and guide rails area and mounting groove are connected, and guide rails area and it is set to rubbish Guide hump outside bucket matches;
Barrel part that adds is rod structure, adds barrel part and is movably installed in mounting groove and can axially rotate around itself vertically, adds Bucket part can axially be divided into three sections along itself and be respectively to add bucket section, positioned at the up/down smooth section for adding bucket section up/down side, add bucket section Outside is provided with the spiral protrusion of structure in the shape of a spiral;
The described barrel part that adds is correspondingly arranged on two groups, and one group of bottom end for adding barrel part stretches to underground, and two groups add barrel part it Between be provided with power transmission part pass through together power transmission part one carry out power transmitting, power transmission part one be V belt translation part;
Two be set to outside sky dustbin group guide hump can be arranged in spiral protrusion respectively, and add barrel part around certainly Body axially rotates and releasable empty dustbin.
Further improvement as the technical program.
The signal transferring member is in cylindrical structure open at one end, closed at one end, and upper frame is fixed in its open end Upper surface, and it is coaxially arranged with fixed column, and the closed end of signal transferring member is also coaxially arranged with pivot protrusion, rotates convex It rises to protrude into one group of underground with bottom end and add and is provided with power transmission part two between barrel part and passes through power transmission part two between the two Carry out power transmitting, upper frame around fixed column axially rotate and by signal transferring member/power transmission part two drive add barrel part around Itself is axially rotated, and power transmission part two is the V belt translation part for being provided with contact roller;
The placement component includes placing disk, and placing disk is in cylindrical structure open at one end, closed at one end, places the axial direction of disk Perpendicular to ground and its open end is located above closed end, and installation sleeve is provided with outside placement disk and it is solid by installation sleeve Surely it is socketed on the bottom end of connecting rod and installation sleeve is correspondingly arranged on two groups;
The notch for passing in and out for dustbin is also provided with outside the placement disk, if the bottom of chamber also array for placing disk is provided with Dry group can be placed in placement disk around the roller bearing that itself is axially rotated, the dustbin.
The beneficial effect of the present invention compared with prior art is that induction triggering changes barrel using the sense of gravity sensing mode It answers dustbin real time status and so that next group of sky dustbin is replaced fully loaded dustbin, by fully loaded rubbish in time in dustbin full load Bucket be transferred to collect storing unit in, while automatically add barrel automatically by new dustbin add to induction triggering change barrel Interior, to realize the automatic cycle of a complete dustbin replacement, addition, sanitationman only need to be by fully loaded dustbin by collecting Take out in storing unit, placed back in after cleaning rubbish to adding in barrel automatically, subsequent fully loaded dustbin shift with And replacement, add barrel process be not necessarily to sanitationman processing, greatly reduce working strength, while easy to operate, sanitationman is very Upper hand fastly, in addition to this, even if rubbish does not overflow, and substantially reduces the shadow to ambient enviroment since fully loaded dustbin is by replacement It rings.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the cooperation figure for adding barrel automatically and changing barrel with induction triggering of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram for adding barrel automatically of the invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram for adding barrel automatically of the invention.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of guiding piece of the invention.
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram for adding barrel part of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the structural schematic diagram that barrel is changed in induction triggering of the invention.
Fig. 8 is the structural schematic diagram that barrel is changed in induction triggering of the invention.
Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram that barrel is changed in induction triggering of the invention.
Figure 10 is the structural schematic diagram that barrel is changed in induction triggering of the invention.
Figure 11 is the cooperation figure of fixed column and up/down frame body of the invention.
Figure 12 is the partial sectional view of fixed column of the invention.
Figure 13 is fixed column of the invention, the cooperation figure for placing trigger mechanism, replacement mechanism.
Figure 14 is the cooperation figure placed trigger mechanism, replace mechanism of the invention.
Figure 15 is the structural schematic diagram of replacement mechanism of the invention.
Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram of replacement block of the invention.
Figure 17 is the structural schematic diagram of connecting elements of the invention.
Figure 18 is the structural schematic diagram of triggering component of the invention.
Figure 19 is the structural schematic diagram of trigger member of the invention.
Figure 20 is the structural schematic diagram of locating part of the invention.
Figure 21 is the structural schematic diagram of placement component of the invention.
Figure 22 is the cooperation figure of placement disk and eccentric wheel of the invention.
Figure 23 is the partial schematic diagram of vibrating mechanism of the invention.
Figure 24 is the structural schematic diagram of resetting-mechanism of the invention.
Figure 25 is the cooperation figure of threaded rod and reset cradle of the invention.
Figure 26 is the driven pulley structural schematic diagram of power transmission part three of the invention.
Figure 27 is the structural schematic diagram of collection storing unit of the invention.
Specific embodiment
Wet refuse for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method, and step is:
S1: life wet refuse is thrown to be placed in incude to trigger to change on barrel 300 and be located at by pedestrian is set to mounting plate 100 On launch hole immediately below dustbin in;
The mounting plate 100, which is horizontally installed to offer on ground and mounting plate 100, to be added bunghole, launches hole, collects hole, is launched Matching installation has rubbish laying tube 110 at hole, add automatically barrel 200 be installed on mounting plate 100 upper surface and its with add bucket Hole is connected, and induction triggering changes the collection storing unit 400 of barrel 300/ and is all set in underground;
The induction triggering changes barrel 300 and includes installation frame body, fixed column 310, signal transferring member 320, places triggering machine Structure 330, replacement mechanism 340, resetting-mechanism 350, installation frame body are installed on underground, and fixed column 310 is fixed on installation frame body vertically On, upper frame 311 and lower frame 312 are horizontally installed with by bearing outside fixed column 310 and upper frame 311 is located at fixed column 310 top, lower frame 312 are located at 311 lower section of upper frame, and portion of external of the fixed column 310 between up/down frame body is also same Axis is provided with fixed cylinder, and the periphery of fixed cylinder is provided with the replacement slot 313 through its axial width, replacement slot 313 by up to Under can be divided into three sections and respectively vertical section one, replacement section, vertical section two, vertical section one/bis- is arranged vertically, and replacement section is used for Connection between vertical section one/bis- is connected, and axially and by the rotation steering that vertical section two is directed toward vertical section one is around fixed column 310 The replacement of the dustbin in barrel 300 is changed for induction triggering to turn to;
The placement trigger mechanism 330 is installed on up/down frame body, and placing trigger mechanism 330 includes placing component 3310, connecting Connection member 3320, triggering component 3330 place component 3310 for bearing dustbin, and connecting elements 3320 is for placing component Connection between 3310 and up/down frame body, triggering component 3330 with gravity triggering mode by fully loaded dustbin for being triggered;
The placement trigger mechanism 330 is provided with four groups along the circumferencial direction array of fixed column 310, and turns along dustbin replacement To be sequentially located at launch immediately below hole, close to collect storing unit 400, positioned at add immediately below bunghole, positioned at launching hole and add bucket Between hole;
Life wet refuse is thrown in the dustbin for being located at and launching immediately below hole by pedestrian by rubbish laying tube 110, subsequent rubbish Rubbish bucket gravity, which increases and draws, places the decline of component 3310;
S2: the connecting elements 3320 includes connecting rod 3321, fixed bracket 3322, support spring 3324, fixed bracket 3322 are fixedly installed on upper frame 311, and connecting rod 3321 is movably installed on fixed bracket 3322 vertically and constitutes sliding and leads To cooperation, connecting rod 3321, which is provided with, to be provided with connecting plate 3323 between the top of two groups and two groups connecting rods 3321 and passes through company Fishplate bar 3323 is fixedly connected, and support spring 3324 is sheathed on connecting rod 3321 and is located at connecting plate 3323 and fixed bracket 3322 Between portion of external and support spring 3324 be correspondingly arranged on two groups, the placement component 3310 is installed on connecting rod 3321 Bottom end;
The triggering component 3330 includes trigger member, locating part, and trigger member includes triggering axis 3331, triggering cylinder 3332, connection Bracket 3333, elastic piece 3334, triggering axis 3331 are movably installed on fixed bracket 3322 vertically and can axially rotate around itself, Triggering cylinder 3332 is coaxially fixed on outside triggering axis 3331;
3332 periphery of triggering cylinder is provided with several groups triggering slot along itself circumferencial direction array, triggers slot by two parts It constitutes and is respectively triggering one 3332a of slot, triggering two 3332b of slot, trigger the inclined arrangement of one 3332a of slot and it is through to triggering The upper surface of cylinder 3332, triggering two 3332b of slot is arranged vertically and it is located at the underface for triggering one 3332a of slot and the two Between connect and connect, one 3332a of triggering slot of one group of triggering slot also connect with one 3332b of triggering slot of adjacent another group of triggering slot It connects, is provided with unidirectional two 3332d of block at connection between one 3332a of triggering slot in one group of triggering slot and triggering two 3332b of slot, Unidirectional two 3332d of block is unidirectional inclined-plane two away from the side on ground, one 3332a of triggering slot of one group of triggering slot with adjacent another group It triggers and is provided with unidirectional one 3332c of block at the connection between two 3332b of triggering slot of slot, unidirectional one 3332c of block is away from corresponding touching The side for sending out two 3332b of slot is unidirectional inclined-plane one;
The connecting bracket 3333 is fixed on the lower end surface of connecting plate 3323, and elastic piece 3334 is installed in connecting bracket 3333 And the bottom end of elastic piece 3334 is provided with triggering protrusion 3334a with snap fit, the triggering protrusion free end 3334a is located at any one In one 3332a of triggering slot of group triggering slot;
The locating part includes position-limited wheel 3335, mounting blocks 3336, limited block 3337, limit spring 3338, position-limited wheel 3335 It is coaxially fixed on outside triggering axis 3331, and the periphery of position-limited wheel 3335 is provided with several groups limit along itself circumferencial direction array The upper surface of position tooth 3335a, limiting tooth 3335a are limit inclined-plane one, and mounting blocks 3336 are fixed in replacement mechanism 340 and install The side of block 3336 towards position-limited wheel 3335 is provided with mounting groove, and limited block 3337 is set in mounting groove and limited block 3337 Side away from ground is limit inclined-plane two, and limit spring 3338 is set between limited block 3337 and mounting groove slot bottom, is limited Block 3337 is located at the underface of any one group of limiting tooth 3335a;
The operating condition of the triggering component 3330 can be divided into the restriction state of trigger member limitation locating part rising, trigger member is removed The revocation state limited locating part is sold, the original state of triggering component 3330 is restriction state;
Dustbin gravity, which increases and draws, places the decline of component 3310, places the decline of component 3310 and traction bars 3321 are synchronous Decline, connecting rod 3321, which declines, simultaneously draws the synchronous decline of elastic piece 3334, to make to trigger raised 3334a by one group of triggering slot Triggering one 3332a of slot in guidance slide onto two 3332b of triggering slot of adjacent another group of triggering slot, and should during, trigger cylinder 3332/ triggering axis 3331 can axially be rotated around itself;
Triggering axis 3331 rotates and draws the synchronous rotation of position-limited wheel 3335, and during being somebody's turn to do, limiting tooth 3335a can be gradually disengaged and be limited The contact of position block 3337, when dustbin full load, the two completely disengages contact, and triggering component 3330 switches to revocation state;
S3: the replacement mechanism 340 matches with placement trigger mechanism 330 and it is correspondingly arranged on four groups, replaces mechanism 340 Including guide post 341, guide rod 342, replacement block 343, replacement spring 344, guide post 341 be fixed on vertically up/down frame body it Between, guide rod 342 is movably installed on up/down frame body and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation and the top of guide rod 342 is located at restocking 311 top of body, bottom end are located at 312 lower section of lower frame, and the mounting blocks 3336 are fixed on the top of guide rod 342;
The replacement block 343 is movably installed in 341 outside of guide post and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation, and replacement block 343 is also fixed Outside guide rod 342, replaces block 343 and be provided with replacement protrusion 345 and hinged in hinged way towards the side of fixed column 310 Shaft core line is parallel to the tangential direction in fixed column 310 at corresponding point and hinged place matching is provided with for making to replace Restore after 345 rotation of protrusion to the wind spring 346 of original state;
The replacement protrusion 345 of the replacement mechanism 340 to match with the placement trigger mechanism 330 being located at immediately below dispensing hole Immediately below the vertical section two of replacement slot 313, and the distance between vertical section one/bis- for replacing slot 313 is equal to two adjacent groups Replace the distance between mechanism 340;
After dustbin is fully loaded with and triggering component 3330 is made to switch to revocation state, the elastic force of replacement spring 344 drives replacement block 343/ replacement protrusion 345 is moved along the channeling direction of replacement slot 313, since fixed column 310 is fixed, so that up/down frame Body, four groups of placement trigger mechanisms 330/ replace mechanism 340 around the axial direction rotation of fixed column 310, and the rotation is dustbin Replacement rotation, finally make fully loaded dustbin be guided to slide onto collect in storing unit 400, next group of sky dustbin can rotate It is launched immediately below hole, under the replacement protrusion 345 of next group of replacement mechanism 340 is located at the vertical section two of replacement slot 313 just to being located at Side adds barrel 200 automatically and can add new empty dustbin to being located at and adds on placement trigger mechanism 330 immediately below bunghole, And so on;
S4: when primary driving replacement dustbin is completed in four groups of replacement mechanisms 340, i.e., the replacement of four groups replacement mechanisms 340 is convex 345 are played when being respectively positioned on the surface of fixed cylinder, resetting-mechanism 350, which is run, simultaneously pulls guide rod 342 to decline, due to replacement protrusion 345 be hingedly mounted to replacement block 343 on and hinged place be provided with wind spring 346, thus by pull guide rod 342 decline Replacement mechanism 340 can be made to restore to original state, while triggering component 3330 switches to restriction state, barreled is changed in entire induction triggering 300 recoveries are set to original state, continues thereafter with and does above-mentioned dustbin triggering replacement operation, and so on.
The present invention is changed barrel and is monitored in real time and replaced to dustbin and is advantageous in that using induction triggering, is incuded Barrel is changed in triggering makes next group of sky using gravity sensing mode induction dustbin real time status and in dustbin full load in time Dustbin replaces fully loaded dustbin, fully loaded dustbin is transferred to and is collected in storing unit, while adding barrel automatically and automatically will New dustbin, which adds to induction triggering, to be changed in barrel, to realize that a complete dustbin replacement, the automatic of addition follow Fully loaded dustbin only need to be added bucket by taking out, clearing up after rubbish to place back in automatic in collection storing unit by ring, sanitationman In device, subsequent fully loaded dustbin transfer and replacement add barrel process and are not necessarily to sanitationman's processing, greatly reduce Working strength, at the same it is easy to operate, and sanitationman goes up hand quickly, in addition to this, even if since fully loaded dustbin is by replacement, rubbish It does not overflow, substantially reduces the influence to ambient enviroment.
It can add the buried wet refuse collection system of bucket automatically, including mounting plate 100, add barrel 200, induction touching automatically Hair changes barrel 300, collects storing unit 400, and mounting plate 100, which is horizontally installed to offer on ground and mounting plate 100, adds bucket Hole, launch hole, collect hole, add automatically barrel 200 be installed on mounting plate 100 upper surface and its with add bunghole connect, induction Triggering changes the collection storing unit 400 of barrel 300/ and is all set in underground.
It is described add barrel 200 automatically and add new empty dustbin to induction triggering for being added bunghole change barrel On 300, induction triggering changes barrel 300 under using whether filling wet refuse and making in gravity sensing mode induction dustbin One group of sky dustbin replaces fully loaded dustbin, is driven to fully loaded dustbin collects in storing unit 400 simultaneously, collects storage dress 400 are set to be used to temporarily collect the fully loaded dustbin of storage and collection hole underface can be directed it to.
Matching installation has rubbish laying tube 110, and rubbish laying tube at the dispensing hole being set on mounting plate 100 110 tube port position Matching installation has dispensing to cover, and Matching installation has collection to cover at the collection hole being set on mounting plate 100.
Life wet refuse is poured onto be placed in incude to trigger by pedestrian's opening dispensing Gai Bingjing rubbish laying tube 110 changes barreled It sets in the dustbin on 300, when the dustbin full load, induction triggering is changed barrel 300 and sensed using gravity sensing mode Fully loaded dustbin is simultaneously driven on collection storing unit 400 while next group of sky dustbin being made to replace fully loaded rubbish by the situation Bucket, simultaneously add automatically barrel 200 by new empty dustbin add to induction triggering change on barrel 300, then collect storage Device 400 can guide fully loaded dustbin to being located at immediately below collection hole, and so on;
The openable collection of sanitationman covers and takes out fully loaded dustbin by collecting hole, and sanitationman will be wet in fully loaded dustbin Dustbin is seated to again after garbage disposal and is added in barrel 200 automatically.
Automatically the barrel 200 that adds includes installation shell 210, guiding piece 220, adds barrel part 230, installs shell 210 100 upper surface of mounting plate is fixed in open end for rectangular case structure open at one end, closed at one end, and installation shell 210 And connected with bunghole is added, the side of installation shell 210 is also provided with the placement mouth that dustbin is placed for sanitationman, described Itself circumferencial direction array is provided with two groups of guide humps outside dustbin.
The guiding piece 220 is provided with the diameter that the distance between two groups and two groups guiding pieces 220 are equal to dustbin, draws Guiding element 220 consists of two parts and is respectively mounting post 221, directing plate 223, and mounting post 221 is fixed on installation shell 210 vertically It is interior, and the mounting groove 222 through 221 height of mounting post is provided on two groups of mounting posts 221 side close to each other.
The extending direction of the directing plate 223 is parallel to ground and perpendicular to the distance between two groups of guiding pieces 220 side To and directing plate 223 be fixed on the top of mounting post 221, be provided with and pass through on two groups of directing plates 223 side close to each other It connects 223 length of guide plate and is through to the guide rails area of 223 upper surface of directing plate, and guide rails area connects with mounting groove 222 It is logical, and guide rails area matches with the guide hump being set to outside dustbin.
The described barrel part 230 that adds is rod structure, adds barrel part 230 and is movably installed in mounting groove 222 vertically and can be around oneself Body axially rotate, add barrel part 230 along itself axially can be divided into three sections and be respectively add bucket section, positioned at add bucket section up/down side it is upper/ Lower smooth section, adds the spiral protrusion that structure in the shape of a spiral is provided with outside bucket section.
Barrel part 230 that adds is correspondingly arranged on two groups, and one group of bottom end for adding barrel part 230 stretches to underground, and two Group, which adds, to be provided with power transmission part 1 and carries out power transmitting by power transmission part 1 between barrel part 230, specifically, Power transmission part 1 is V belt translation part.
Two be set to outside sky dustbin group guide hump can be arranged in spiral protrusion respectively, and add a barrel part 230 around itself axially rotation and releasably empty dustbin.
The guide hump alignment being set to outside dustbin is placed in guide rails area by sanitationman, then pushes rubbish Bucket can push to dustbin in installation shell 210, and empty dustbin can fall to guide hump card and set to being set to and add bucket Until spiral protrusion on part 230, and so on, so that several groups sky dustbin is along the direction heap in good order perpendicular to ground In product to installation shell;
During induction triggering changes the induction of barrel 300 and next group of sky dustbin is made to replace fully loaded dustbin, it can drive and add Bucket part 230 is axially rotated around itself, so that the empty dustbin of release new to induction triggering is changed on barrel 300.
The induction triggering changes barrel 300 and includes installation frame body, fixed column 310, signal transferring member 320, places touching Mechanism 330, replacement mechanism 340, resetting-mechanism 350 are sent out, installation frame body is installed on underground, and induction triggering is changed in barrel 300 Dustbin, which is placed in placement trigger mechanism 330, and placement trigger mechanism 330 is used for the induction dustbin in a manner of gravity sensing is No wet refuse is fully loaded, and replacement mechanism 340 is used to be placed the triggering of trigger mechanism 330 in dustbin full load and makes next group of sky rubbish Rubbish bucket replaces fully loaded dustbin, and resetting-mechanism 350 is for making replacement mechanism 340 be reset to original state, and signal transferring member 320 is for feeling The signal connection changing barrel 300 and adding automatically between barrel 200 should be triggered to transmit.
The fixed column 310 is fixed in installation frame body vertically, with bearing mounting means level peace outside fixed column 310 It is located at the top of fixed column 310 with lower frame 312 and upper frame 311 equipped with upper frame 311, lower frame 312 is located at upper frame 311 lower sections.
Portion of external of the fixed column 310 between up/down frame body is also coaxially arranged with fixed cylinder, fixed cylinder Periphery is provided with the replacement slot 313 through its axial width, and replacement slot 313 can from top to bottom be divided into three sections and be respectively vertical Duan Yi, replacement section, vertical section two, vertical section one/bis- are arranged vertically, and connection of the replacement section between vertical section one/bis- connects Lead to, axially and by the rotation that vertical section two is directed toward vertical section one turning to around fixed column 310 is to incude to trigger to change in barrel 300 Dustbin replace turn to.
The signal transferring member 320 is in cylindrical structure open at one end, closed at one end, and restocking is fixed in its open end The upper surface of body 311, and it is coaxially arranged with fixed column 310, and the closed end of signal transferring member 320 is also coaxially arranged with rotation Protrusion, pivot protrusion and bottom end protrude into underground one group, which add, is provided with power transmission part 2 321 and between the two between barrel part 230 Power transmitting is carried out by power transmission part 2 321, upper frame 311 is around the axial rotation of fixed column 310 and passes through signal transferring member 320/ power transmission part 2 321, which drives, adds barrel part 230 around itself axially rotation, specifically, power transmission part 2 321 is to be provided with The V belt translation part of contact roller.
The placement trigger mechanism 330 is installed on up/down frame body, and placing trigger mechanism 330 includes placing component 3310, connecting elements 3320, triggering component 3330 place component 3310 for bearing dustbin, and connecting elements 3320 is for pacifying The connection between component 3310 and up/down frame body is put, triggering component 3330 with gravity triggering mode by fully loaded dustbin for being touched Hair.
The connecting elements 3320 includes connecting rod 3321, fixed bracket 3322, support spring 3324, fixed bracket 3322 are fixedly installed on upper frame 311, and connecting rod 3321 is movably installed on fixed bracket 3322 vertically and constitutes sliding and leads To cooperation, and the top of connecting rod 3321 is located at fixed 3322 top of bracket of upper frame 311/, bottom end close to lower frame 312, even Extension bar 3321 is provided with the distance between two groups and two groups connecting rods 3321 and is oriented parallel in fixed column 310 at corresponding point Tangential direction, be provided between the top of two groups of connecting rods 3321 connecting plate 3323 and between the two by connecting plate 3323 into Row is fixedly connected, and support spring 3324 is sheathed on the part that connecting rod 3321 is located between connecting plate 3323 and fixed bracket 3322 External and support spring 3324 is correspondingly arranged on two groups.
The placement component 3310 includes placing disk 3311, and placing disk 3311 is in cylinder open at one end, closed at one end Structure, place disk 3311 be axially perpendicular to ground and its open end is located above closed end, be provided with outside placement disk 3311 Installation sleeve 3312 and its by installation sleeve 3312 be fixedly sheathed in connecting rod 3321 bottom end and installation sleeve 3312 it is right Two groups should be provided with.
It is also provided with the notch for passing in and out for dustbin outside the placement disk 3311, places the bottom of chamber of disk 3311 also Array is provided with several groups and can be placed in around the roller bearing 3313 that itself is axially rotated, the dustbin in placement disk 3311.
After wet refuse is launched to dustbin, dustbin gravity, which increases and draws, places the decline of component 3310, works as rubbish Bucket full load, placement component 3310 drops to maximum distance and triggering component 330 is triggered, after fully loaded dustbin is replaced, Under the elastic force effect of support spring 3324, places 3310/ connecting elements 3320 of component and restore to original state.
The triggering component 3330 is installed on fixed bracket 3322, and triggering component 3330 includes trigger member, locating part.
The trigger member includes triggering axis 3331, triggering cylinder 3332, connecting bracket 3333, elastic piece 3334, triggers axis 3331 are movably installed on fixed bracket 3322 vertically and can axially rotate around itself, and triggering cylinder 3332 is coaxially fixed on triggering axis Outside 3331.
3332 periphery of triggering cylinder is provided with several groups triggering slot along itself circumferencial direction array, triggers slot by two Partially constituting simultaneously is respectively to trigger one 3332a of slot, triggering two 3332b of slot, triggers the inclined arrangement of one 3332a of slot and it is through to Trigger cylinder 3332 upper surface, triggering two 3332b of slot be arranged vertically and its be located at triggering one 3332a of slot underface and Connection is connected between the two, triggering slot of triggering one 3332a of slot of one group of triggering slot also with adjacent another group of triggering slot One 3332b connection is connected.
It is provided at connection between one 3332a of triggering slot in one group of triggering slot and triggering two 3332b of slot unidirectional Block two 3332d, unidirectional two 3332d of block are unidirectional inclined-plane two and unidirectional inclined-plane two and triggering 3332 outer circle of cylinder away from the side on ground Successively decrease from the bottom to top in the distance between face.
Between triggering one 3332a of slot and two 3332b of triggering slot of adjacent another group of triggering slot of one group of triggering slot Connection at be provided with unidirectional one 3332c of block, unidirectional one 3332c of block is single syncline away from the side of corresponding triggering two 3332b of slot Face one and unidirectional inclined-plane one are directed toward outer with the corresponding radial direction for triggering the edge the distance between two 3332b of slot triggering cylinder 3332 and by the center of circle Successively decrease in the direction of disc.
The connecting bracket 3333 is fixed on the lower end surface of connecting plate 3323, and the elastic piece 3334 is installed on connection On bracket 3333, and the bottom end of elastic piece 3334 is provided with triggering protrusion 3334a with snap fit, and triggers raised 3334a Free end be located in one 3332a of triggering slot of any one group of triggering slot;Card between elastic piece 3334 and triggering protrusion 3334a Connecing mode is that details are not described herein again for the prior art.
Dustbin full load places the decline of component 3310 and traction bars 3321 is synchronous under dustbin gravity Decline, connecting rod 3321, which declines, simultaneously draws the synchronous decline of elastic piece 3334, to make to trigger raised 3334a by one group of triggering slot Triggering one 3332a of slot in guidance slide onto two 3332b of triggering slot of adjacent another group of triggering slot, and should during, trigger cylinder 3332 can axially rotate around itself, and triggering cylinder 3332 rotates and draws triggering axis 3331 and rotates synchronously;Fully loaded dustbin is replaced Afterwards, the elastic force of support spring 3324 restores placement 3310/ connecting elements 3320 of component to original state, while triggering raised 3334a Triggered two 3332b of slot guidance slides onto one 3332a of triggering slot of same triggering slot, triggering component 3330 and connecting elements Connection relationship between 3320 is restored to original state.
The locating part includes position-limited wheel 3335, mounting blocks 3336, limited block 3337, limit spring 3338, position-limited wheel 3335 coaxially are fixed on triggering axis 3331 outside, and the periphery of position-limited wheel 3335 be provided with along itself circumferencial direction array it is several Group limiting tooth 3335a, the upper surface of limiting tooth 3335a be limit inclined-plane one and limit inclined-plane one and position-limited wheel 3335 between away from From successively decreasing from the bottom to top.
The mounting blocks 3336 are fixed in replacement mechanism 340 and mounting blocks 3336 are located at position-limited wheel 3335 towards fixation The side of column 310, the side of mounting blocks 3336 towards position-limited wheel 3335 are provided with mounting groove, and limited block 3337 is set to mounting groove Interior and limited block 3337 is to limit inclined-plane two and limit inclined-plane two to be parallel to limit inclined-plane one, limit away from the side on ground Spring 3338 is set between limited block 3337 and mounting groove slot bottom, and the limited block 3337 is located at any one group of limiting tooth The underface of 3335a.
The operating condition of the triggering component 3330 can be divided into restriction state, the triggering that trigger member limitation locating part rises Part cancels the revocation state limited locating part, and the original state of triggering component 3330 is restriction state.
Triggering axis 3331 rotates and draws the synchronous rotation of position-limited wheel 3335, and during being somebody's turn to do, limiting tooth 3335a can be gradually disengaged With the contact of limited block 3337, when the two completely disengages contact, triggering component 3330 switches to revocation state, and replaces at this time Mechanism 340 can drive 3336/ limited block 3337 of mounting blocks to rise, thus make limited block 3337 be located above position-limited wheel 3335 and this When lower one group of limiting tooth 3335a turn to the underface positioned at limited block 3337;Resetting-mechanism 350 makes to replace the recovery of mechanism 310 To original state, replacement mechanism 310 drives 3336/ limited block 3337 of mounting blocks to decline, and draws on the inclined-plane on limit inclined-plane one/bis- It leads under effect, limited block 3337 can be located at the underface of limiting tooth 3335a again, and triggering component 3330 switches to restriction state.
The placement trigger mechanism 330 is provided with four groups along the circumferencial direction array of fixed column 310, and replaces along dustbin Change steering be sequentially located at launch immediately below hole, close to collect storing unit 400, positioned at add immediately below bunghole, be located at launch hole with Add between bunghole, and is touched under original state except close to three groups of placements in addition to collecting the placement trigger mechanism 330 of storing unit 400 Placing in hair mechanism 330 is free dustbin.
Life wet refuse is thrown in the dustbin for being located at and launching immediately below hole by pedestrian by rubbish laying tube 110, when The dustbin full load, dustbin gravity, which drives, to be placed the decline of component 3310 and makes triggering component 3330 by connecting elements 3320 Revocation state is switched to, then replacement mechanism 340 matches to merge with the replacement slot 313 being set to outside fixed column 310 makes up/down frame In the axial rotation of fixed column 310, rotation process, fully loaded dustbin can be guided for body and four groups of placement trigger mechanisms 330 Slide onto collect storing unit 400 in, next group of sky dustbin can rotate to be located at launch hole immediately below, add barrel automatically 200 can add new empty dustbin to being located on the placement trigger mechanism 330 added immediately below bunghole, and so on.
The replacement mechanism 340, which is set to, places trigger mechanism 330 towards the side of fixed column 310, and replaces mechanism 340 match with trigger mechanism 330 is placed, and replace mechanism 340 and be correspondingly arranged on four groups.
The replacement mechanism 340 includes guide post 341, guide rod 342, replacement block 343, replacement spring 344, guide post 341 are fixed between up/down frame body vertically, guide rod 342 be movably installed on up/down frame body and constitute slide-and-guide cooperation, And the top of guide rod 342 is located at 311 top of upper frame, bottom end is located at 312 lower section of lower frame, the mounting blocks 3336 are fixed In the top of guide rod 342.
The replacement block 343 is movably installed in 341 outside of guide post and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation, and replacement block 343 is also Be fixed on outside guide rod 342, replace block 343 towards the side of fixed column 310 in hinged way be provided with replacement protrusion 345 and Hinged shaft core line is parallel to the tangential direction in fixed column 310 at corresponding point and hinged place matching is provided with for making Restore after 345 rotation of replacement protrusion to the wind spring 346 of original state.
The replacement of the replacement mechanism 340 to match with the placement trigger mechanism 330 being located at immediately below dispensing hole is convex Rise the distance between vertical sections one/bis- that 345 are located at immediately below the vertical section two of replacement slot 313, and replace slot 313 be equal to it is adjacent The distance between two groups of replacement mechanisms 340.
Life wet refuse is thrown in the dustbin for being located at and launching immediately below hole by pedestrian by rubbish laying tube 110, when The dustbin full load is replaced mechanism 340 positioned at the placement trigger mechanism 330/ launched immediately below hole and is run, specifically: rubbish Bucket gravity, which drives, to be placed the decline of component 3310 and so that triggering component 3330 is switched to revocation state by connecting elements 3320, then The elastic force of replacement spring 344 drives replacement block 343/ to replace protrusion 345 and moves along the channeling direction of replacement slot 313, due to fixation Column 310 is fixed, so that up/down frame body, four groups of placement trigger mechanisms 330/ replace mechanism 340 around fixed column 310 Axial rotation, and the rotation is dustbin replacement rotation, and fully loaded dustbin is finally made to be guided to slide onto collection storage dress Set in 400, next group of sky dustbin can rotate to be located at launch immediately below hole, the replacement protrusion 345 of next group of replacement mechanism 340 Immediately below the vertical section two of replacement slot 313, adds barrel 200 automatically and new empty dustbin can be added to being located at and add bunghole On the placement trigger mechanism 330 of underface, and so on, until primary driving replacement rubbish is completed in four groups of replacement mechanisms 340 Rubbish bucket, i.e., when the replacement protrusion 345 of four groups replacement mechanisms 340 is respectively positioned on the surface of fixed cylinder, resetting-mechanism 350 runs and makes Four groups of replacement mechanisms 340 are restored to original state, continue thereafter with and do above-mentioned dustbin triggering replacement operation, and so on.
Preferably, during replacing mechanism 340 makes next group of sky dustbin replace fully loaded dustbin, more at next group Change planes structure 340 replacement protrusion 345 be located at replacement slot 313 two underface of vertical section when, due to depositing for the factors such as rotator inertia Up/down frame body, four groups of placement trigger mechanisms 330/ can be made to replace mechanism 340 and not stop operating also, this will result in replacement There is deviation in position between protrusion 345 and replacement slot 313, normally complete subsequent dustbin replacement can not, for this purpose, described One top of vertical section of replacement slot 313 is provided with constraint protrusion 1 and constraint protrusion 1 is located at vertical section one towards vertical The side of section two, two bottom end of vertical section of replacement slot 313, which is provided with to constrain protrusion 2 315 and constrain protrusion 2 315, to be located at vertically Section two is towards the side of vertical section one.
During replacement mechanism 340 drives next group of sky dustbin to replace fully loaded dustbin, constraint protrusion one/bis- is matched Merging carries out constraint positioning to next group of replacement mechanism, to make between replacement protrusion 345 and replacement slot 313 to be not in position Deviation.
The resetting-mechanism 350 includes resetting motor 351, threaded rod 353, reset cradle 354, and it is solid to reset motor 351 Due in installation frame body and its output shaft is axially perpendicular to ground, reset cradle 354 be movably installed in 310 outside of fixed column and its Can along fixed column 310 axial movement, can be around the axial direction rotation of fixed column 310, and reset cradle 354 is located at lower frame 312 Lower section, the bottom end of the guide rod 342 pass through reset cradle 354 and positioned at the underfaces of reset cradle 354 and between the two The bottom end for constituting slide-and-guide cooperation and guide rod 342 is provided with reset step.
The threaded rod 353 is coaxially movably installed in 310 outside of fixed column and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation and threaded rod 353 are located at the underface of reset cradle 354.
Coupling 355 is provided between the top of threaded rod 353 and the bottom of reset cradle and is led between the two It crosses Coupling 355 to be attached, specifically, Coupling 355 is the torus structure being made of two groups of semicircular rings, and Coupling 355 are coaxially movably installed in 310 outside of fixed column and constitute slide-and-guide cooperation, and the inner ring surface of Coupling 355 is coaxially set It is equipped with annular groove, the top of threaded rod 353 is coaxially arranged with chimeric raised the one of structure in a ring, and the bottom of reset cradle is provided with Structure and the chimeric coaxially arranged with fixed column 310 raised two in a ring, chimeric protrusion one/bis- are respectively positioned in annular groove and constitute mutual That does not interfere is rotatably assorted.
Power transmission part three is provided between the bottom end of the threaded rod 353 and the power output end for resetting motor 351 352 and between the two by power transmission part 3 352 carry out power transmitting, specifically, power transmission part 3 352 be V belt translation Part, and be threadedly coupled mode between the driven pulley of power transmission part 3 352 and threaded rod 353 and installed, driven pulley Be provided between installation frame body installation part 356 and its by the activity of installation part 356 in installation frame body and can be around oneself Body axially rotates and is limited the axial movement of threadingly bar 353, and driven pulley rotates and can draw threaded rod 353 along itself It is axially moved.
When the replacement protrusion 345 of four groups of replacement mechanisms 340 is respectively positioned on the surface of fixed cylinder, the operation of motor 351 is resetted simultaneously Threaded rod 353 is drawn by power transmission part 3 352 to decline along descending motion, threaded rod 353 itself is axially done and pull reset The synchronous decline of bracket 354, reset cradle 354 declines and pulls the synchronous decline of guide rod 342, since replacement protrusion 345 is with hinged Mode is installed on replacement block 343 and hinged place is provided with wind spring 346, to pull guide rod 342 same by reset cradle 354 Step decline can be such that replacement mechanism 340 restores to original state, while triggering component 3330 switches to restriction state, entire induction triggering It changes barrel 300 to restore to original state, continues thereafter with and do above-mentioned dustbin triggering replacement operation, and so on.
More specifically, the situation after being thrown in dustbin due to life wet refuse is inconsistent, causes to have in dustbin It is likely to occur gap, the gravity that this will lead to dustbin is inconsistent, has to the gravity for placing 330 induction dustbin of trigger mechanism It is influenced, for this purpose, it further includes vibrating mechanism 360 that barrel 300 is changed in the induction triggering, vibrating mechanism 360 is for making rubbish Bucket is vibrated and is uniformly distributed the wet refuse in dustbin.
The vibrating mechanism 360 includes vibrating motor 361, shaft 363, transmission axle 365, vibrating shaft 367, eccentric wheel 368, vibrating motor 361 is fixed in installation frame body and its output shaft is axially perpendicular to ground.
The avoid holes one through its axial height are coaxially offered in the fixed column 310, shaft 363 is movably installed in It can be rotated in avoid holes one and axially around itself, and the top of shaft 363 is located at 311 top of upper frame, bottom end is located at fixed column 310 lower sections, are provided with power transmission part 4 362 and the two between the bottom end of shaft 363 and the power output end of vibrating motor 361 Between by power transmission part 4 362 carry out power transmitting, specifically, power transmission part 4 362 be V belt translation part.
The avoid holes two through its axial height, 365 activity installation of transmission axle are coaxially offered in the guide post 341 In can rotate in avoid holes two and axially around itself, and the top of transmission axle 365 is located at the top of upper frame 311, bottom end positioned at leading To 341 lower section of column, and transmission axle 365 is correspondingly arranged on four groups.
The vibrating shaft 367 is coaxially movably installed in the bottom for placing disk 3311 and can axially rotate around itself, is biased to Wheel 368 is installed on outside vibrating shaft 367, and vibrating shaft 367 draws eccentric wheel 368 and rotates synchronously and can shake around to dustbin Dynamic, 367/ eccentric wheel 368 of vibrating shaft is correspondingly arranged on four groups;The mode of vibration of eccentric wheel 368 is existing way, herein no longer It is described in detail.
Power transmission part 5 366 is provided between the transmission axle 365 and vibrating shaft 367 and passes through power between the two Transferring member 5 366 carries out power transmitting, and power transmission part 5 366 is correspondingly arranged on four groups, specifically, power transmission part five 366 be V belt translation part, and connector and between the two is provided between the driving pulley and transmission axle 365 of power transmission part 5 366 It carries out being connected by power transmitting by connector, and when driving pulley is axially displaced along transmission axle 365, transmission axle 365 It can be continued by connector to driving pulley output power, it is preferred that connector includes the outer flower being set to outside transmission axle 365 Key, the internal spline for being set to driving pulley inner headed face.
Transmission gear group 364 is provided between 363 top of shaft, four groups of 365 tops of transmission axle and shaft 363 with Power transmitting is carried out by transmission gear group 364 between four groups of transmission axles 365;Transmission gear group 364 is the prior art, herein not It is described in detail again.
Vibrating motor 361 runs and drives vibrating shaft 367 to rotate by a series of transmitting of power, and vibrating shaft 367 rotates simultaneously It draws eccentric wheel 368 to rotate synchronously, the rotation of eccentric wheel 368 simultaneously carries out vibration processing to dustbin, so that the wet rubbish in dustbin Rubbish is evenly distributed state, to make dustbin be fully loaded with and make to place gravity when trigger mechanism 330 is triggered and be in triggering to want In the sphere of gravity asked.
The collection storing unit 400 includes mounting bracket 410, draw bar 420, roller 430, and mounting bracket 410 is solid It guides fully loaded dustbin to slide onto collect slip region at hole and slip region is in inclining due to being provided in underground and mounting bracket 410 Tiltedly setting, roller 430 be movably installed in the slip region in and can around itself it is axial rotate and roller 430 along slip region guidance side Array is provided with several groups.
The slip region that the draw bar 420 is fixed on mounting bracket 410 changes the one of barrel 300 by near-induction triggering End, and draw bar 420 is used to draw fully loaded dustbin during next group of sky dustbin replaces fully loaded dustbin and slides onto It finally slides onto the slip region of mounting bracket 410 and through slip region guidance and collects immediately below hole.
In actual work, life wet refuse is thrown to the rubbish immediately below it by rubbish laying tube 110 by pedestrian In bucket, when the dustbin full load, corresponding placement trigger mechanism 330 and replacement mechanism 340 are fully loaded with dustbin Gravity triggering operation, so that up/down frame body, four groups of placement trigger mechanisms 330/ be made to replace mechanism 340 around the axis of fixed column 310 To rotation, and the rotation is dustbin replacement rotation, and fully loaded dustbin is finally made to be guided to slide onto collection storing unit 400 Interior, next group of sky dustbin, which can rotate to the replacement protrusion 345 for being located at dispensing hole underface, next group of replacement mechanism 340, to be located at It replaces immediately below the vertical section two of slot 313, the automatic barrel 200 that adds can add new empty dustbin under adding bunghole just On the placement trigger mechanism 330 of side, and so on, until primary driving replacement dustbin is completed in four groups of replacement mechanisms 340, When the replacement protrusion 345 of i.e. four groups replacement mechanisms 340 is respectively positioned on the surface of fixed cylinder, resets motor 351 and run and pass through drive Decline threaded rod 353 and pull the synchronous decline of reset cradle 354, reset cradle 354 declines and guide rod 342 is pulled to synchronize down Drop, since replacement protrusion 345 is hingedly mounted on replacement block 343 and hinged place is provided with wind spring 346, thus by multiple Position bracket 354 pulls the synchronous decline of guide rod 342 that replacement mechanism 340 can be made to restore to original state, while triggering component 3330 is cut Restriction state is shifted to, entire induction triggering is changed barrel 300 and restored to original state, then adds barrel 200 automatically, induction triggering is changed Barrel 300 collects the dustbin triggering replacement operation that storing unit 400 continues next round, and so on.

Claims (10)

1. the wet refuse for being used for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method, step is:
S1: life wet refuse is thrown to be placed in incude to trigger and changes on barrel and be located at the throwing being set on mounting plate by pedestrian In dustbin immediately below discharge hole;
The mounting plate be horizontally installed to offer on ground and mounting plate adds bunghole, launch hole, collect hole, launch hole at With rubbish laying tube is equipped with, add automatically barrel be installed on mounting plate upper surface and its with add bunghole connect, induction triggering It changes barrel/collection storing unit and is all set in underground;
The induction triggering changes barrel and includes installation frame body, fixed column, signal transferring member, places trigger mechanism, changing machine Structure, resetting-mechanism, installation frame body are installed on underground, and fixed column is fixed in installation frame body vertically, pass through bearing outside fixed column It is horizontally installed with that upper frame with lower frame and upper frame is located at the top of fixed column, lower frame is located at below upper frame, fixed column Portion of external between up/down frame body is also coaxially arranged with fixed cylinder, and the periphery of fixed cylinder is provided with through its axial direction The replacement slot of thickness, replacement slot can from top to bottom be divided into three sections and respectively vertical section one, replacement section, vertical section two, vertical section One/bis- is arranged vertically, and replacement section is connected for the connection between vertical section one/bis-, around fixed column axially and by vertical section two It is to incude the dustbin replacement that triggering is changed in barrel to turn to that the rotation for being directed toward vertical section one, which turns to,;
The placement trigger mechanism is installed on up/down frame body, and placing trigger mechanism includes placing component, connecting elements, touching Component is sent out, component is placed for bearing dustbin, connecting elements and is used to place the connection between component and up/down frame body, triggering Component with gravity triggering mode by fully loaded dustbin for being triggered;
The placement trigger mechanism is provided with four groups along the circumferencial direction array of fixed column, and turns to successively along dustbin replacement Positioned at launch immediately below hole, close to collect storing unit, positioned at adding immediately below bunghole, be located at and launch between Kong Yutian bunghole;
Life wet refuse is thrown in the dustbin for being located at and launching immediately below hole by pedestrian by rubbish laying tube, subsequent dustbin Gravity, which increases and draws, places component decline;
S2: the connecting elements includes connecting rod, fixed bracket, support spring, and fixed bracket is fixedly installed on upper frame, Connecting rod is movably installed on fixed bracket vertically and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation, and connecting rod is provided with two groups and two groups of connecting rods Top between be provided with connecting plate and be fixedly connected by connecting plate, support spring is sheathed on connecting rod and is located at connecting plate Portion of external and support spring between fixed bracket are correspondingly arranged on two groups, and the placement component is installed on connecting rod bottom End;
The triggering component includes trigger member, locating part, and trigger member includes triggering axis, triggers cylinder, connecting bracket, elastic piece, Triggering axis is movably installed on fixed bracket vertically and can axially rotate around itself, and triggering cylinder is coaxially fixed on outside triggering axis;
The triggering cylinder periphery is provided with several groups triggering slot along itself circumferencial direction array, and triggering slot is made of two parts And be respectively to trigger slot one, triggering slot two, slot two is triggered in the inclined arrangement of triggering slot one and its upper surface for being through to triggering cylinder It is arranged vertically and it is located at the underface for triggering slot one and connection between the two is connected, the triggering slot one of one group of triggering slot It also is connect connection with the triggering slot one of adjacent another group of triggering slot, the triggering slot one in one group of triggering slot and triggering slot two are indirectly Logical place is provided with unidirectional block two, and unidirectional block two is unidirectional inclined-plane two away from the side on ground, the triggering slot one of one group of triggering slot with Unidirectional block one is provided at connection between the triggering slot two of adjacent another group of triggering slot, unidirectional block one is away from corresponding triggering slot two Side be unidirectional inclined-plane one;
The connecting bracket is fixed on the lower end surface of connecting plate, elastic piece be installed in connecting bracket and the bottom end of elastic piece with Snap fit is provided with triggering protrusion, triggers raised free end and is located in the triggering slot one of any one group of triggering slot;
The locating part includes position-limited wheel, mounting blocks, limited block, limit spring, and position-limited wheel is coaxially fixed on outside triggering axis, And the periphery of position-limited wheel is provided with several groups limiting tooth along itself circumferencial direction array, the upper surface of limiting tooth is limit inclined-plane One, mounting blocks are fixed in replacement mechanism and the side of mounting blocks towards position-limited wheel is provided with mounting groove, and limited block is set to peace In tankage and limited block away from the side on ground is limit inclined-plane two, limit spring be set to limited block and mounting groove slot bottom it Between, limited block is located at the underface of any one group of limiting tooth;
The operating condition of the triggering component can be divided into restriction state, the trigger member revocation pair that trigger member limitation locating part rises The revocation state of locating part limitation, the original state of triggering component are restriction state;
Dustbin gravity, which increases and draws, places component decline, places component decline and the synchronous decline of traction bars, connecting rod Decline and draw the synchronous decline of elastic piece, so that it is adjacent to slide onto triggering protrusion by guidance in the triggering slot one of one group of triggering slot In the triggering slot two of another group of triggering slot, and during this, triggering cylinder/triggering axis can axially be rotated around itself;
Triggering axis rotates and draws position-limited wheel synchronous rotation, and during being somebody's turn to do, limiting tooth can gradually disengage the contact with limited block, when Dustbin full load, the two completely disengage contact, and triggering component switches to revocation state;
S3: the replacement mechanism matches with placement trigger mechanism and it is correspondingly arranged on four groups, and replacement mechanism includes guiding Column, guide rod, replacement block, replacement spring, guide post are fixed on vertically between up/down frame body, and guide rod is movably installed in up/down On frame body and constitute slide-and-guide cooperation and the top of guide rod is located above upper frame, bottom end is located at lower frame lower section, it is described Mounting blocks be fixed on the top of guide rod;
The replacement block is movably installed in outside guide post and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation, and replacement block is also fixed on outside guide rod Portion, replace block be provided with replacement protrusion in hinged way towards the side of fixed column and hinged shaft core line be parallel in fixed column with The tangential direction of its corresponding point position and hinged place matching are provided with for making to restore after replacing protrusion rotation to the volume of original state Spring;
The replacement protrusion of the replacement mechanism to match with the placement trigger mechanism being located at immediately below dispensing hole is located at replacement Immediately below the vertical section two of slot, and the distance between vertical section one/bis- for replacing slot is equal between two adjacent groups replacement mechanism Distance;
After dustbin is fully loaded with and triggering component is made to switch to revocation state, the elastic force for replacing spring drives replacement block/replacement protrusion Channeling direction along replacement slot moves, since fixed column is fixed, so that up/down frame body, four groups of placement trigger mechanisms/more Structure of changing planes is rotated around the axial direction of fixed column, and the rotation is dustbin replacement rotation, draws fully loaded dustbin Slide guide moves in collection storing unit, next group of sky dustbin can rotate to immediately below dispensing hole, next group of replacement mechanism Replacement protrusion be located at immediately below the vertical section two of replacement slot, add barrel automatically and new empty dustbin can be added to being located at and add On placement trigger mechanism immediately below bunghole, and so on;
S4: when primary driving replacement dustbin, i.e., the equal position of replacement protrusion of four groups replacement mechanisms is completed in four groups of replacement mechanisms When the surface of fixed cylinder, resetting-mechanism runs and guide rod is pulled to decline, since replacement protrusion is hingedly mounted to On replacement block and hinged place is provided with wind spring, to be restored by pulling guide rod decline that can make to replace mechanism to original state, together When triggering component switch to restriction state, entire induction triggering is changed barrel and is restored to original state, continues thereafter with and makees above-mentioned dustbin Triggering replacement operation, and so on.
2. the wet refuse according to claim 1 for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method, described is automatic Adding barrel to include installation shell, guiding piece, add a barrel part, installation shell is rectangular case structure open at one end, closed at one end, And install shell open end be fixed on mounting plate upper surface and with add bunghole connect, install shell side be also provided with for Sanitationman places the placement mouth of dustbin, and it is convex that itself circumferencial direction array is provided with two groups of guidance outside the dustbin It rises;
The guiding piece is provided with the diameter that the distance between two groups and two groups guiding pieces are equal to dustbin, and guiding piece is by two It is grouped as and is respectively mounting post, directing plate, mounting post is fixed on vertically in installation shell, and two groups of mounting posts are close to each other The mounting groove through mounting post height is provided on side.
3. the wet refuse according to claim 2 for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method,
The extending direction of the directing plate is parallel to ground and perpendicular to the distance between two groups of guiding pieces direction and guides Plate is fixed on the top of mounting post, is provided with through directing plate length and is through on two groups of directing plates side close to each other The guide rails area of directing plate upper surface, and guide rails area and mounting groove are connected, and guide rails area and it is set to rubbish Guide hump outside bucket matches.
4. the wet refuse according to claim 3 for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method,
Barrel part that adds is rod structure, adds barrel part and is movably installed in mounting groove and can axially rotate around itself vertically, adds Bucket part can axially be divided into three sections along itself and be respectively to add bucket section, positioned at the up/down smooth section for adding bucket section up/down side, add bucket section Outside is provided with the spiral protrusion of structure in the shape of a spiral;
The described barrel part that adds is correspondingly arranged on two groups, and one group of bottom end for adding barrel part stretches to underground, and two groups add barrel part it Between be provided with power transmission part pass through together power transmission part one carry out power transmitting, power transmission part one be V belt translation part;
Two be set to outside sky dustbin group guide hump can be arranged in spiral protrusion respectively, and add barrel part around certainly Body axially rotates and releasable empty dustbin.
5. the wet refuse according to claim 3 or 4 for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method, described Signal transferring member is in cylindrical structure open at one end, closed at one end, and the upper surface of upper frame, and its are fixed in its open end Coaxially arranged with fixed column, the closed end of signal transferring member is also coaxially arranged with pivot protrusion, and ground is protruded into pivot protrusion and bottom end Under one group add be provided between barrel part power transmission part two and between the two by power transmission part two carry out power transmitting, on Frame body, which is axially rotated around fixed column and driven by signal transferring member/power transmission part two, adds barrel part around itself axially rotation, moves Power transmission part two is the V belt translation part for being provided with contact roller.
6. the wet refuse according to claim 5 for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method,
The placement component includes placing disk, and placing disk is in cylindrical structure open at one end, closed at one end, places the axial direction of disk Perpendicular to ground and its open end is located above closed end, and installation sleeve is provided with outside placement disk and it is solid by installation sleeve Surely it is socketed on the bottom end of connecting rod and installation sleeve is correspondingly arranged on two groups;
The notch for passing in and out for dustbin is also provided with outside the placement disk, if the bottom of chamber also array for placing disk is provided with Dry group can be placed in placement disk around the roller bearing that itself is axially rotated, the dustbin.
7. the wet refuse according to claim 1 for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method, the replacement One top of vertical section of slot is provided with constraint protrusion one and constraint protrusion one is located at vertical section one towards the side of vertical section two, more Two bottom end of vertical section for changing slot is provided with constraint protrusion two and constraint protrusion two is located at vertical section two towards the side of vertical section one;
The resetting-mechanism includes resetting motor, threaded rod, reset cradle, and reset motor is fixed in installation frame body and its is defeated Shaft is axially perpendicular to ground, reset cradle be movably installed in outside fixed column and its can along fixed column axial movement, can be around The axial rotation of fixed column, and reset cradle is located at below lower frame, and the bottom end of the guide rod passes through reset cradle simultaneously Positioned at reset cradle underface and constitute slide-and-guide cooperation between the two and the bottom end of guide rod is provided with reset platform Rank;
The threaded rod is coaxially movably installed in outside fixed column and constitutes slide-and-guide cooperation and threaded rod positioned at reset The underface of frame.
8. the wet refuse according to claim 7 for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method,
Be provided between the top of the threaded rod and the bottom of reset cradle Coupling and between the two by Coupling into Row connection, Coupling is the torus structure being made of two groups of semicircular rings, and Coupling is coaxially movably installed in outside fixed column And slide-and-guide cooperation being constituted, and the inner ring surface of Coupling is coaxially arranged with annular groove, the top of threaded rod, which is coaxially arranged with, is in Chimeric raised the one of ring structure, the bottom of reset cradle is provided with structure in a ring and the be fitted into coaxially arranged with fixed column is convex Two are played, chimeric protrusion one/bis- is respectively positioned in annular groove and constitutes non-interfering be rotatably assorted;
Power transmission part three and between the two is provided between the bottom end of the threaded rod and the power output end for resetting motor Power transmitting is carried out by power transmission part three, power transmission part three is V belt translation part, and the driven pulley of power transmission part three It is threadedly coupled mode between threaded rod to be installed, installation part is provided between driven pulley and installation frame body and it is logical Installation part activity is crossed in installation frame body and can axially rotate and be limited the axial movement of threadingly bar around itself, from Movable belt pulley rotates and can draw threaded rod and is axially moved along itself.
9. the wet refuse according to claim 8 for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method, the induction It further includes vibrating mechanism that barrel is changed in triggering, and vibrating mechanism is for vibrating dustbin and keeping the wet refuse in dustbin equal Even distribution;
The vibrating mechanism includes vibrating motor, shaft, transmission axle, vibrating shaft, eccentric wheel, and vibrating motor is fixed on mounting rack On body and its output shaft is axially perpendicular to ground;
The avoid holes one through its axial height are coaxially offered in the fixed column, shaft is movably installed in avoid holes one And can axially be rotated around itself, and the top of shaft is located above upper frame, bottom end is located at fixed column lower section, the bottom end of shaft and It is provided with power transmission part four between the power output end of vibrating motor and power is carried out by power transmission part four between the two Transmitting, power transmission part four are V belt translation part;
The avoid holes two through its axial height are coaxially offered in the guide post, transmission axle is movably installed in avoid holes two It is interior and can axially be rotated around itself, and the top of transmission axle is located above upper frame, bottom end is located at guide post lower section, and transmits Axis is correspondingly arranged on four groups;
The vibrating shaft is coaxially movably installed in the bottom for placing disk and can axially rotate around itself, is biased to wheel and is installed on vibration Outside axis, vibrating shaft traction eccentric wheel is rotated synchronously and can be vibrated around to dustbin, and vibrating shaft/eccentric wheel is correspondingly arranged There are four groups;
It is provided with power transmission part five between the transmission axle and vibrating shaft and is carried out between the two by power transmission part five Power transmitting, and power transmission part five is correspondingly arranged on four groups, and power transmission part five is V belt translation part, power transmission part five It is provided with connector between driving pulley and transmission axle and carries out being connected by power transmitting between the two by connector, and as master When movable belt pulley is axially displaced along transmission axle, transmission axle can be continued by connector to driving pulley output power, connector Including the internal spline for being set to external splines outside transmission axle, being set to driving pulley inner headed face;
Transmission gear group is provided between the shaft top, four groups of transmission axle tops and is led between shaft and four groups of transmission axles It crosses transmission gear group and carries out power transmitting.
10. the wet refuse according to claim 1 for garbage classification is centrally stored, facilitates processing method, the receipts Collection storing unit includes mounting bracket, draw bar, roller, and mounting bracket, which is fixed in underground and mounting bracket, is provided with guidance completely It carries dustbin and slides onto and collect slip region at hole and slip region is inclined to set, roller is movably installed in slip region and can be around Itself is axially rotated and channeling direction array of the roller along slip region is provided with several groups;
The slip region that the draw bar is fixed on mounting bracket changes one end of barrel by near-induction triggering, and draw bar is used for It is drawn during next group of sky dustbin replaces fully loaded dustbin in the slip region that fully loaded dustbin slides onto mounting bracket And it finally slides onto and is collected immediately below hole through slip region guidance.
CN201910632101.3A 2019-07-12 2019-07-12 Wet garbage centralized storage and convenient treatment method for garbage classification Active CN110329677B (en)

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CN111762470A (en) * 2020-06-28 2020-10-13 常州市环境卫生管理处 A multi-functional container device case for categorised suggestion of rubbish
CN113911592A (en) * 2021-10-28 2022-01-11 广州大学 Classification garbage can cleaning device

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