CN110328384B - Box hole machining platform - Google Patents

Box hole machining platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110328384B
CN110328384B CN201910804817.7A CN201910804817A CN110328384B CN 110328384 B CN110328384 B CN 110328384B CN 201910804817 A CN201910804817 A CN 201910804817A CN 110328384 B CN110328384 B CN 110328384B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
driving
box
wheel
feed
processing
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Application number
CN201910804817.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110328384A (en
Inventor
张兆瑞
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Zhi Michael Ltd By Share Ltd
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Zhi Michael Ltd By Share Ltd
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Priority to CN201910804817.7A priority Critical patent/CN110328384B/en
Publication of CN110328384A publication Critical patent/CN110328384A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B41/00Boring or drilling machines or devices specially adapted for particular work; Accessories specially adapted therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/062Work-clamping means adapted for holding workpieces having a special form or being made from a special material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting

Abstract

The invention discloses a box hole system machining platform which comprises a machining rack, wherein a movable box carrying table is arranged on the machining rack and comprises a box machining station and a box taking and placing station, and a transposition driving device and a transposition guiding device are arranged on the machining rack; a transverse positioning device and a longitudinal positioning support surface of a carrying platform are arranged on the processing frame and positioned at a processing station of the box body, a longitudinal positioning pressing surface is arranged on the movable carrying platform, a movable support wheel is arranged on the movable carrying platform, and a wheel dropping pressing device and a pressing stabilizing device are arranged on the processing frame; and a cutter feeding seat is vertically and slidably arranged above the box body machining station on the machining rack, and a cutter feeding driving device is arranged between the cutter feeding seat and the machining rack. The movable box carrying table is used for taking and placing the box to be processed at the box taking and placing station, boring is carried out at the box processing station, a plurality of cutters aiming at the hole series are convenient to arrange on the cutter feeding seat, processing can be finished at one time, the processing precision is guaranteed, and the processing efficiency is greatly improved.

Description

Box hole machining platform
Technical Field
The invention relates to machining equipment, in particular to a box hole system machining platform.
Background
Large box parts, such as machine tool spindle boxes, gear boxes, etc., usually have hole systems with high precision requirements on position, hole diameter, etc. In the prior art, the holes are usually machined one by using a boring machine, which has high requirements on operators, and when different holes are machined, actions such as re-clamping and positioning, part overturning and the like usually exist, so that the precision is poor and the efficiency is low.
Disclosure of Invention
the invention aims to provide a box body hole system machining platform which is suitable for box body hole system machining, ensures machining precision and greatly improves machining efficiency.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme of the invention is as follows: the box body hole system machining platform comprises a machining rack, wherein a movable box carrying table is arranged on the machining rack and comprises a box body machining station and a box body taking and placing station located on one side of the box body machining station, and a transposition driving device and a transposition guiding device are arranged on the machining rack; a loading platform transverse positioning device and a longitudinal positioning support surface are arranged on the processing frame at the box body processing station, a longitudinal positioning pressing surface corresponding to the longitudinal positioning support surface is arranged on the movable loading platform, a movable support wheel with the bottom protruding out of the longitudinal positioning pressing surface is arranged on the movable loading platform, and a wheel dropping pressing device and a pressing stabilizing device are arranged on the processing frame at the box body processing station; the processing machine frame is provided with a cutter feeding seat which is vertically and slidably arranged above the box processing station, and a cutter feeding driving device is arranged between the cutter feeding seat and the processing machine frame.
As a preferred technical scheme, the feed driving device comprises a feed driving screw rod rotatably mounted on the feed seat or the processing frame, the processing frame or the feed seat is rotatably mounted with a feed driving screw sleeve matched with the feed driving screw rod, the feed driving screw sleeve is connected with a first driving device, and one end of the feed driving screw rod is connected with a second driving device; the first driving device and the second driving device drive the feed driving screw to rotate at different speeds.
As a preferred technical scheme, the feed driving screw is rotatably mounted on the feed seat, and the machining rack is rotatably mounted with the feed driving threaded sleeve matched with the feed driving screw; the processing machine frame is provided with the first driving device, and the cutter feeding seat is provided with the second driving device.
As a preferable technical scheme, the first driving device comprises a first driving worm wheel fixedly arranged on the feed driving threaded sleeve, the first driving worm wheel is connected with a first driving worm, and the first driving worm is connected with a first driving motor; and a second driving worm wheel is fixedly arranged at one end of the feed driving screw rod, the second driving worm wheel is connected with a second driving worm, and the second driving worm is connected with a second driving motor.
As a preferred technical scheme, the feed driving screws are provided with two feed driving screw sleeves which are symmetrically arranged on the feed seat, and the processing rack is provided with two feed driving screw sleeves which respectively correspond to the feed driving screws; the processing rack is rotatably provided with two first driving worms, the processing rack is rotatably provided with a first driving transmission rod in power connection with the power end of the first driving motor, and the first driving transmission rod and the two first driving worms are in power transmission respectively; the feed seat is rotatably provided with two second driving worms, the feed seat is rotatably provided with a second driving transmission rod which is in power connection with the power end of the second driving motor, and the second driving transmission rod and the two second driving worms are in power transmission respectively.
According to a preferable technical scheme, the wheel dropping pressing device comprises a wheel dropping opening which is arranged on the longitudinal positioning supporting surface and corresponds to the moving supporting wheel, a moving wheel supporting table is arranged on the processing frame and is positioned at the wheel dropping opening, one end of the moving wheel supporting table is hinged with the processing frame, and a wheel dropping driver which can drive the moving wheel supporting table to be away from the longitudinal positioning supporting surface downwards is arranged between the moving wheel supporting table and the processing frame.
As an optimized technical scheme, the pressing and stabilizing device comprises a pressing barb fixedly arranged at the free end of the movable wheel supporting platform, and the movable box carrying platform is provided with a pressing fixing part corresponding to the pressing barb.
As a preferred technical scheme, the transposition driving device comprises two transposition driving chain wheels which are rotatably installed on the processing frame and are respectively located at the box body processing station and the box body taking and placing station, a transposition driving chain is arranged between the two transposition driving chain wheels, and at least one section of the transposition driving chain is fixedly connected with the movable box carrying platform; one of the transposition driving chain wheels is connected with a transposition driving motor.
As a preferred technical scheme, the transposition guide device comprises box carrying table guide edges arranged on two sides of the longitudinal positioning pressing surface, side guide wheel sets respectively corresponding to the two box carrying table guide edges are arranged on the processing machine frame at the box processing station, and each side guide wheel set comprises a plurality of transversely-rotating side guide wheels; the processing machine frame is characterized in that a plurality of picking and placing supporting wheels corresponding to the longitudinal positioning pressing surface are symmetrically arranged on the box picking and placing station, the maximum distance of the top of each picking and placing supporting wheel protruding out of the longitudinal positioning supporting surface is not less than the maximum distance of the bottom of each moving supporting wheel protruding out of the longitudinal positioning pressing surface, and the picking and placing supporting wheels are provided with side guide flanges corresponding to the guide edges of the box carrying tables on the corresponding sides.
As a preferable technical scheme, the carrier transverse positioning device comprises a transverse positioning pin fixedly arranged on the longitudinal positioning support surface, a transverse positioning hole corresponding to the transverse positioning pin is arranged on the longitudinal positioning support surface, and the height of the transverse positioning pin is not greater than the maximum distance of the bottom of the movable support wheel protruding out of the longitudinal positioning support surface.
by adopting the technical scheme, the box hole system machining platform comprises a machining rack, a movable box carrying table is arranged on the machining rack and comprises a box machining station and a box taking and placing station positioned on one side of the box machining station, and a transposition driving device and a transposition guiding device are arranged on the machining rack; a loading platform transverse positioning device and a longitudinal positioning support surface are arranged on the processing frame at the box body processing station, a longitudinal positioning pressing surface corresponding to the longitudinal positioning support surface is arranged on the movable loading platform, a movable support wheel with the bottom protruding out of the longitudinal positioning pressing surface is arranged on the movable loading platform, and a wheel dropping pressing device and a pressing stabilizing device are arranged on the processing frame at the box body processing station; the processing machine frame is provided with a cutter feeding seat which is vertically and slidably arranged above the box processing station, and a cutter feeding driving device is arranged between the cutter feeding seat and the processing machine frame. The movable box carrying table is used for taking and placing the box to be processed at the box taking and placing station, boring is carried out at the box processing station, a plurality of cutters aiming at the hole series are conveniently arranged on the cutter feeding seat, processing can be finished at one time, the processing precision is guaranteed, and the processing efficiency is greatly improved.
Drawings
The drawings are only for purposes of illustrating and explaining the present invention and are not to be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. Wherein:
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention, in which a mobile box carrying platform is located at a box pick-and-place station;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of an embodiment of the present invention showing the mobile bin load station at a bin processing station;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of a mobile bin loading table in a bin processing station according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the sectional structure A-A of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the FIG. 4 mobile tote table after a wheel drop;
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a feed driving device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-processing a frame; 11-a main base; 111-longitudinal positioning support surface; 12-side support; 13-a top seat; 14-a feed guide post; 2-transposition driving device; 21-transposition drive sprocket; 22-transposition drive chain; 23-transposition driving motor; 3-transposition guide device; 31-side guide wheel set; 32-taking and placing supporting wheels; 4-a wheel-dropping pressing device; 41-moving wheel support table; 42-a wheel drop drive; 43-pressing barbs; 5-moving the box carrying table; 51-a mobile support wheel; 52-transverse positioning holes; 53-longitudinally positioning the abutment surface; 6-a cutter feeding seat; 61-feeding auxiliary seat; 7-a feed drive; 70-feed drive screw; 71-feed driving screw sleeve; 72-first drive worm gear; 73-a first drive worm; 74-first drive transmission rod; 75-a first drive motor; 76-a second drive worm gear; 77-a second drive worm; 78-a second drive transmission rod; 79-second drive motor.
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated below with reference to the figures and examples. In the following detailed description, exemplary embodiments of the invention are described by way of illustration only. Needless to say, a person skilled in the art realizes that the described embodiments can be modified in various different ways without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Accordingly, the drawings and description are illustrative in nature and not intended to limit the scope of the claims.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, the box hole machining platform includes a machining frame 1, and a movable box carrying platform 5 is disposed on the machining frame 1, where the movable box carrying platform 5 is a steel plate welded structure and is mainly used as a machining workbench for a box to be machined.
The movable box carrying table 5 comprises a box body processing station and a box body taking and placing station located on one side of the box body processing station, and a transposition driving device 2 and a transposition guiding device 3 are arranged on the processing rack 1. The transposition driving device 2 comprises two transposition driving chain wheels 21 which are rotatably arranged on the processing frame 1 and are respectively positioned at the box body processing station and the box body taking and placing station, a transposition driving chain 22 is arranged between the two transposition driving chain wheels 21, and at least one section of the transposition driving chain 22 is fixedly connected with the movable box carrying platform 5; one of the transposition drive sprockets 21 is connected with a transposition drive motor 23.
A carrying platform transverse positioning device and a longitudinal positioning support surface 111 are arranged on the processing frame 1 at the box body processing station, a longitudinal positioning pressing surface 53 corresponding to the longitudinal positioning support surface 111 is arranged on the movable carrying box platform 5, and when the longitudinal positioning pressing surface 53 is pressed on the longitudinal positioning support surface 111, the movable carrying box platform 5 is stably supported. Because the movable box carrying platform 5 is a welded structure of steel plates, the bottom surface of the bottom plate is the longitudinal positioning pressing surface 53 in this embodiment.
the movable supporting wheels 51 protruding from the longitudinal positioning pressing surface 53 at the bottom are disposed on the movable box carrying platform 5, and conventionally, four movable supporting wheels 51 are disposed in a rectangular arrangement in this embodiment, and of course, six or even three or five movable supporting wheels are disposed, and the like, and the movable supporting wheels are also within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, a wheel dropping pressing device 4 and a pressing stabilizing device are arranged on the processing machine frame 1 at the box processing station. The wheel falling pressing device 4 comprises a wheel falling opening which is arranged on the longitudinal positioning supporting surface 111 and corresponds to the moving supporting wheel 51, a moving wheel supporting table 41 is arranged at the wheel falling opening on the processing frame 1, one end of the moving wheel supporting table 41 is hinged with the processing frame 1, and a wheel falling driver 42 which can drive the moving wheel supporting table 41 to be away from the longitudinal positioning supporting surface 111 downwards is arranged between the moving wheel supporting table 41 and the processing frame 1. This embodiment shows that the movable wheel supporting table 41 is close to one end of the movable box carrying table 5 and is hinged to the processing frame 1, the wheel dropping driver 42 is a wheel dropping driving cylinder connected between the free end of the movable wheel supporting table 41 and the processing frame 1, and the swinging of the movable wheel supporting table 41 is controlled by extending and retracting the wheel dropping driving cylinder. Of course, when the movable wheel support 41 reaches the upper limit position, the height of the plane on which the movable wheel support is located is slightly different from or even coplanar with the height of the longitudinal positioning support surface 111, so that the normal movement of the movable carriage stage 5 can be ensured. The limit position can be controlled by limiting the movable wheel support 41 or the extension/retraction stroke limit of the wheel dropping driving cylinder, which can be easily obtained by those skilled in the art and will not be described herein.
The pressing stabilizing device comprises a pressing barb 43 fixedly arranged at the free end of the movable wheel supporting platform 41, and a pressing fixing part corresponding to the pressing barb 43 is arranged on the movable box carrying platform 5. The embodiment illustrates that the stitching fixing part is the side edge of the bottom plate structure on the movable box carrying table 5, when the moving wheel support 41 is used for supporting, the press-fit barbs 43 are higher in height, the bottom plate-side edge of the movable box loading table 5, which is a press-fit fixing portion, is not affected by the press-fit barb 43, the movable box loading table 5 is normally movable, when the wheels are dropped, the moving wheel support table 41 is lowered away from the longitudinal positioning support surface 111, the movable box-carrying table 5 descends synchronously under the action of self-weight, finally the longitudinal positioning pressing surface 53 is pressed on the longitudinal positioning supporting surface 111, the movable box carrying table 5 is stably supported, the movable wheel supporting table 41 continues to rotate downwards, the press barb 43 continues to move downwards synchronously, and finally pressed against the press-fit fixing portion to form a fixation of the movable cassette stage 5.
as shown in fig. 1 and 2, the indexing guide device 3 includes box-carrying platform guide edges disposed on two sides of the longitudinal positioning pressing surface 53, and the bottom plate of the movable box-carrying platform 5 in this embodiment is rectangular, where two sides are the box-carrying platform guide edges. The processing machine frame 1 is provided with two side guide wheel sets 31 corresponding to the guide edges of the box carrying table respectively at the box processing station, and each side guide wheel set 31 comprises a plurality of transversely-rotating side guide wheels. A plurality of picking and placing supporting wheels 32 corresponding to the longitudinal positioning pressing surface 53 are symmetrically arranged on the processing frame 1 on the box picking and placing station, the maximum distance of the top of each picking and placing supporting wheel 32 protruding out of the longitudinal positioning supporting surface 111 is not less than the maximum distance of the bottom of each moving supporting wheel 51 protruding out of the longitudinal positioning pressing surface 53, and side guide flanges corresponding to the guide edges of the box carrying tables on the corresponding sides are arranged on the picking and placing supporting wheels 32.
The side guide wheel set 31 and the side guide flange form transposition guide, and the side guide wheel set 31 is also used as a limit in one direction on a horizontal plane when the movable box carrying table 5 is positioned at a box body processing station. The transverse positioning device of the carrier of this embodiment includes a transverse positioning pin fixedly disposed on the longitudinal positioning support surface 111, and the longitudinal positioning support surface 53 is provided with a transverse positioning hole 52 corresponding to the transverse positioning pin, and the transverse positioning hole is positioned through a pin hole and can cooperate with the side guide wheel set 31 to form a transverse positioning for the movable carrier 5. The height of the transverse positioning pin is not greater than the maximum distance that the bottom of the mobile support wheel 51 protrudes beyond the longitudinal positioning abutment surface 53, so as not to interfere with the normal movement of the mobile carriage table 5. The pin hole positioning is known to those skilled in the art and the transverse pin is not shown in the figures.
Get and put supporting wheel 32 and be in the box gets and puts the station and can replace remove supporting wheel 51's supporting role because the box is got and is put and to adopt hoist and mount and hang and get at present more, and the single weight of treating the processing box is general great in addition, inevitably can be right remove and carry case platform 5 to produce the impact, like this it can avoid the impact force right to get the replacement support of putting supporting wheel 32 remove supporting wheel 51 and cause the damage, guarantee remove and carry the normal removal of case platform 5.
The processing machine frame 1 is provided with a cutter feeding seat 6 which is vertically and slidably arranged above the box body processing station, preferably, the cutter feeding seat 6 is provided with a plurality of processing cutters, namely, the cutter feeding seat 6 can be directly provided with the processing cutters which correspond one to one aiming at holes on the box body to be processed, so that the disposable boring processing is facilitated.
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 6, a feed driving device 7 is provided between the feed block 6 and the processing frame 1. The feed driving device 7 comprises a feed driving screw 70 rotatably mounted on the feed seat 6 or the processing rack 1, a feed driving threaded sleeve 71 matched with the feed driving screw 70 is rotatably mounted on the processing rack 1 or the feed seat 6, and the feed driving threaded sleeve 71 is connected with a first driving device; one end of the feed driving screw 70 is connected with a second driving device; the first drive means and the second drive means drive the feed drive screw 70 at different speeds.
The embodiment shows that the feed driving screw 70 is rotatably mounted on the feed seat 6, and the processing frame 1 is rotatably mounted with the feed driving screw 71 matched with the feed driving screw 70. The first driving device is arranged on the processing rack 1, and the second driving device is arranged on the cutter feeding seat 6.
The first driving device comprises a first driving worm wheel 72 fixedly arranged on the feed driving threaded sleeve 71, the first driving worm wheel 72 is connected with a first driving worm 73, and the first driving worm 73 is connected with a first driving motor 75; a second driving worm wheel 76 is fixedly arranged at one end of the feed driving screw rod 70, the second driving worm wheel 76 is connected with a second driving worm 77, and the second driving worm 77 is connected with a second driving motor 79. For the present embodiment, the processing frame 1 is provided with the first driving motor 75 and the first driving worm 73, and the tool feeding seat 6 is provided with the second driving motor 79 and the second driving worm 77. Based on the above structure, the processing rack 1 of the embodiment includes a base and a top seat 13, the base and the top seat 13 are fixedly connected through a feeding guide post 14, the feeding tool seat 6 is slidably mounted on the feeding guide post 14, the base is divided into a main base 11 corresponding to the box processing station and a side support 12 corresponding to the box taking and placing station, the main base 11 is fixedly connected with the top seat 13, a structure corresponding to the box processing station is disposed on the main base 11, such as a longitudinal positioning support surface 111 and a wheel dropping pressing device 4, and a structure corresponding to the box taking and placing station is disposed on the side support 12, such as a wheel taking and placing support 32. The cutter feeding seat 6 is fixedly connected with a cutter feeding auxiliary seat 61 positioned above the top seat 13, the cutter feeding seat 6 is fixedly connected with the cutter feeding auxiliary seat 61 through a connecting rod or a support, the cutter feeding seat 6 is rotatably installed between the cutter feeding auxiliary seat 61 and the cutter feeding driving screw rod 70, and the cutter feeding driving screw sleeve 71 is naturally positioned in the middle of the cutter feeding driving screw rod 70.
In this embodiment, the two feed driving screws 70 are symmetrically disposed on the feed seat 6, and the processing frame 1 is provided with two feed driving screw sleeves 71 respectively corresponding to the feed driving screws 70. The symmetrical arrangement is beneficial to the balance of driving force and the realization of the stability of feeding and retracting. The two first driving worms 73 are rotatably mounted on the processing rack 1, the first driving transmission rod 74 in power connection with the power end of the first driving motor 75 is rotatably mounted on the processing rack 1, the power connection can be directly realized through a coupler, the first driving transmission rod 74 and the two first driving worms 73 are in power transmission respectively, and the power transmission is represented by bevel gear transmission in the embodiment. For the present embodiment, the first driving motor 75, the first driving transmission rod 74 and the first driving worm 73 are located on the top seat 13. The feeding knife seat 6 is rotatably provided with two second driving worms 77, the feeding knife seat 6 is rotatably provided with a second driving transmission rod 78 in power connection with a power end of a second driving motor 79, the power connection is also direct connection of a coupler, the second driving transmission rod 78 and the two second driving worms 77 are in power transmission respectively, and the power transmission is also bevel gear transmission. For the present embodiment, the second driving motor 79, the second driving transmission rod 78 and the second driving worm 77 are located on the feeding auxiliary seat 61.
The working principle of the feed driving device 7 is as follows: when the first driving worm 73 and the second driving worm 77 do not rotate, the knife feeding seat 6 is kept still; when the first driving worm 73 does not rotate and the second driving worm 77 drives to rotate, the feed driving screw 70 is driven to rotate, the upper thread of the feed driving screw 70 is guided by the internal thread of the feed driving screw sleeve 71, the feed driving screw 70 generates axial movement, and the feed seat 6 generates sliding; when the first driving worm 73 is driven to rotate and the second driving worm 77 is not driven to rotate, the feed driving screw 70 is not rotated, the feed driving screw sleeve 71 is rotated, the internal thread of the feed driving screw sleeve 71 is applied to the external thread force on the feed driving screw 70, so that the feed driving screw 70 only moves axially, and the feed seat 6 slides; because the first drive motor 75 and the second drive motor 79 drive the feed drive screw 70 at different speeds, when only the first drive worm 73 or the second drive worm 77 is driven to rotate by itself, the feed base 6 slides at different speeds; when the first driving worm 73 and the second driving worm 77 are driven to rotate synchronously, the feed driving screw 70 rotates, the feed driving screw 71 also rotates, and also because the first driving motor 75 and the second driving motor 79 drive the feed driving screw 70 at different speeds, and the first driving motor 75 and the second driving motor 79 rotate in the forward and reverse directions, the feed driving screw 70 and the feed driving screw 71 can perform driving speed superposition or driving speed subtraction, so that the feed seat 6 can perform multi-speed adjustment through the clutch-free dual-power structure.
The overall working principle of the embodiment is as follows: the movable box carrying table 5 is driven to the box body taking and placing station, the box body to be processed is hung on the movable box carrying table 5, certainly, the movable box carrying table 5 is provided with a corresponding box body positioning device, after the box body to be processed is positioned, the movable box carrying table 5 is driven to the box body processing station, the movable supporting wheels 51 move to the corresponding wheel falling pressing device 4, the falling wheel driver 42 drives the moving wheel support platform 41 to rotate downwards, the moving box carrying platform 5 falls synchronously until the longitudinal positioning pressing surface 53 is pressed on the longitudinal positioning support surface 111 to form longitudinal fixation, meanwhile, after the transverse positioning hole 52 falls down, the transverse positioning pin is inserted into the transverse positioning hole to complete transverse positioning, the falling wheel driver 42 continues to control the moving wheel support platform 41 to rotate downwards, and the pressing barb 43 firmly presses the moving box carrying platform 5; the feed driving device 7 controls the feed tool apron 6 to feed fast firstly, when the feed tool apron reaches the position near the box body to be processed, the feed tool is changed into slow feed until boring is finished, then the feed tool is withdrawn slowly and then withdrawn fast, the hole system on the box body to be processed is processed at one time, the falling wheel driver 42 drives the movable wheel supporting table 41 to rotate, the movable box carrying table 5 is released from pressing and fixing firstly and then is lifted up slowly, the transposition driving device 2 drives the movable box carrying table 5 to the box body taking and placing station, the box body to be processed which is processed is lifted away, a new box body to be processed is lifted, and the processes are carried out in a circulating mode.
This embodiment passes through remove and carry case platform 5 and get the station at the box and put and will treat that the processing box is got and put, carry out the bore hole at box processing station, be convenient for set up a plurality of cutters to the hole system on the blade holder 6, can once only process and finish, improved machining efficiency by a wide margin. The wheel dropping pressing device 4 can realize longitudinal positioning, the carrier transverse positioning device can realize transverse positioning, and the processing precision is guaranteed. The feed multi-speed adjustment can meet the feed and retraction requirements of normal boring. And the embodiment has simple integral structure, convenient manufacture and lower cost, and is suitable for processing the holes of the box body, in particular to processing large-batch box body parts.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. Box hole is machine tooling platform, including processing frame, its characterized in that: the processing machine frame is provided with a movable box carrying table, the movable box carrying table comprises a box body processing station and a box body taking and placing station positioned on one side of the box body processing station, and the processing machine frame is provided with a transposition driving device and a transposition guiding device; a loading platform transverse positioning device and a longitudinal positioning support surface are arranged on the processing frame at the box body processing station, a longitudinal positioning pressing surface corresponding to the longitudinal positioning support surface is arranged on the movable loading platform, a movable support wheel with the bottom protruding out of the longitudinal positioning pressing surface is arranged on the movable loading platform, and a wheel dropping pressing device and a pressing stabilizing device are arranged on the processing frame at the box body processing station; the wheel dropping pressing device comprises a wheel dropping opening which is arranged on the longitudinal positioning supporting surface and corresponds to the movable supporting wheel, a movable wheel supporting table is arranged on the processing rack at the wheel dropping opening, and a wheel dropping driver which can drive the movable wheel supporting table to move downwards to be far away from the longitudinal positioning supporting surface is arranged between the movable wheel supporting table and the processing rack; the processing machine frame is provided with a cutter feeding seat which is vertically and slidably arranged above the box processing station, and a cutter feeding driving device is arranged between the cutter feeding seat and the processing machine frame.
2. The box bore machining platform of claim 1, wherein: the feed driving device comprises a feed driving screw rod which is rotatably installed on the feed seat or the processing rack, a feed driving threaded sleeve which is matched with the feed driving screw rod is rotatably installed on the processing rack or the feed seat, the feed driving threaded sleeve is connected with a first driving device, and one end of the feed driving screw rod is connected with a second driving device; the first driving device and the second driving device drive the feed driving screw to rotate at different speeds.
3. The box bore machining platform of claim 2, wherein: the feed driving screw is rotatably arranged on the feed seat, and the machining rack is rotatably provided with the feed driving threaded sleeve matched with the feed driving screw; the processing machine frame is provided with the first driving device, and the cutter feeding seat is provided with the second driving device.
4. A box bore machining platform as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the first driving device comprises a first driving worm wheel fixedly arranged on the feed driving threaded sleeve, the first driving worm wheel is connected with a first driving worm, and the first driving worm is connected with a first driving motor; and a second driving worm wheel is fixedly arranged at one end of the feed driving screw rod, the second driving worm wheel is connected with a second driving worm, and the second driving worm is connected with a second driving motor.
5. The box bore machining platform of claim 4, wherein: the two feed driving screw rods are symmetrically arranged on the feed seat, and the processing rack is provided with two feed driving screw sleeves respectively corresponding to the feed driving screw rods; the processing rack is rotatably provided with two first driving worms, the processing rack is rotatably provided with a first driving transmission rod in power connection with the power end of the first driving motor, and the first driving transmission rod and the two first driving worms are in power transmission respectively; the feed seat is rotatably provided with two second driving worms, the feed seat is rotatably provided with a second driving transmission rod which is in power connection with the power end of the second driving motor, and the second driving transmission rod and the two second driving worms are in power transmission respectively.
6. the box bore machining platform of claim 1, wherein: one end of the movable wheel supporting table is hinged with the processing rack.
7. The box bore machining platform of claim 6, wherein: the pressing stabilizing device comprises a pressing barb fixedly arranged at the free end of the movable wheel supporting table, and a pressing fixing part corresponding to the pressing barb is arranged on the movable box carrying table.
8. The box bore machining platform of claim 1, wherein: the transposition driving device comprises two transposition driving chain wheels which are rotatably arranged on the processing rack and are respectively positioned at the box body processing station and the box body taking and placing station, a transposition driving chain is arranged between the two transposition driving chain wheels, and at least one section of the transposition driving chain is fixedly connected with the movable box carrying platform; one of the transposition driving chain wheels is connected with a transposition driving motor.
9. The box bore machining platform of claim 1, wherein: the transposition guide device comprises box carrying table guide edges arranged on two sides of the longitudinal positioning pressing surface, side guide wheel sets respectively corresponding to the two box carrying table guide edges are arranged at the box body processing station on the processing frame, and each side guide wheel set comprises a plurality of transversely-rotating side guide wheels; the processing machine frame is characterized in that a plurality of picking and placing supporting wheels corresponding to the longitudinal positioning pressing surface are symmetrically arranged on the box picking and placing station, the maximum distance of the top of each picking and placing supporting wheel protruding out of the longitudinal positioning supporting surface is not less than the maximum distance of the bottom of each moving supporting wheel protruding out of the longitudinal positioning pressing surface, and the picking and placing supporting wheels are provided with side guide flanges corresponding to the guide edges of the box carrying tables on the corresponding sides.
10. A housing bore machining platform as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein: the transverse positioning device of the carrier comprises a transverse positioning pin fixedly arranged on the longitudinal positioning support surface, a transverse positioning hole corresponding to the transverse positioning pin is arranged on the longitudinal positioning support surface, and the height of the transverse positioning pin is not more than the maximum distance of the bottom of the movable support wheel protruding out of the longitudinal positioning support surface.
CN201910804817.7A 2019-08-29 2019-08-29 Box hole machining platform Active CN110328384B (en)

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PCT/CN2020/097127 WO2021036438A1 (en) 2019-08-29 2020-06-19 Machining platform of box body holes

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BRPI1001525A2 (en) * 2010-05-31 2012-02-28 Laué Reinaldo multi-hole drill
CN203140825U (en) * 2013-07-04 2013-08-21 济南天辰铝机制造有限公司 Three dimension numerical control drilling producing host machine
CN203919411U (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-11-05 惠安县龙珠机械制造厂 Full-automatic multiple drill press
DE102015118906A1 (en) * 2015-11-04 2017-05-04 Reinhold Graute Positioning device for machining a workpiece by means of a drilling device and / or milling device
CN206747625U (en) * 2017-05-24 2017-12-15 浙江德尔特自动化科技有限公司 The punching machine tool of porous processing is realized on slide rail
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CN110328384B (en) * 2019-08-29 2019-12-10 智迈德股份有限公司 Box hole machining platform

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