CN110315121A - Pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat - Google Patents

Pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110315121A
CN110315121A CN201910414800.0A CN201910414800A CN110315121A CN 110315121 A CN110315121 A CN 110315121A CN 201910414800 A CN201910414800 A CN 201910414800A CN 110315121 A CN110315121 A CN 110315121A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cylinder
knife seat
stationary knife
rod
frame
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201910414800.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110315121B (en
Inventor
张理罡
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Jiangsu Jiang Shun Precision Electromechanical Equipment Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Jiang Shun Precision Electromechanical Equipment Co Ltd
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Application filed by Jiangsu Jiang Shun Precision Electromechanical Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Jiangsu Jiang Shun Precision Electromechanical Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910414800.0A priority Critical patent/CN110315121B/en
Publication of CN110315121A publication Critical patent/CN110315121A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110315121B publication Critical patent/CN110315121B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D15/00Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades which move parallel to themselves
    • B23D15/04Shearing machines or shearing devices cutting by blades which move parallel to themselves having only one moving blade
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D33/00Accessories for shearing machines or shearing devices
    • B23D33/006Accessories for shearing machines or shearing devices for obtaining pieces of a predetermined length, e.g. control arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D35/00Tools for shearing machines or shearing devices; Holders or chucks for shearing tools

Abstract

The present invention relates to pallet installation structures after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat, it includes rack (2), stationary knife seat (3) and moving knife seat (4) are provided on the rack (2), it is provided on the stationary knife seat (3) and determines scissors (13) and rear snap-gauge (14), the first locating slot (2.4) and the second locating slot (2.5) are offered on the inside of the left supported plate (2.1) and right supported plate (2.2), positioning convex platform (24) are provided at left and right sides of the stationary knife seat (3), sliding slot (25) are offered along the vertical direction at left and right sides of snap-gauge (14) after described, positioning and guiding convex block (26) are provided in the sliding slot (25).Stationary knife seat of the present invention and the holding of rear snap-gauge two sides are installed in the locating slot on the inside of two supporting plates of left and right, are greatly reduced the installation positioning test time of stationary knife seat and rear snap-gauge, are installed very convenient, improve production efficiency.

Description

Pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat
Technical field
The present invention relates to pallet installation structures after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat, belong to aluminum profile production equipment technology neck Domain.
Background technique
Currently, aluminium bar extruder is mainly used to produce the profile of different size.Before aluminium bar enters aluminium bar extruder, need First aluminium bar is heated at high temperature, hot shears then is carried out to the aluminium bar after heating in the length according to needed for aluminium bar extruder.It is existing Some its racks of aluminium bar hot shears include the two pieces of supporting plates in left and right, and stationary knife seat and rear snap-gauge are bolted installation settings in left and right Between two pieces of supporting plates, aluminium bar specification needs replacing stationary knife seat and rear snap-gauge when changing, due to needing to cut into long aluminium bar centainly Length dimension, therefore required on front side of stationary knife seat and rear snap-gauge to the distance between two pieces of supporting plates front sides in left and right, therefore Need to adjust the position of stationary knife seat and rear snap-gauge during installation, operation is inconvenient, and greatly reduces production efficiency.
Summary of the invention
After providing a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat for the above-mentioned prior art Pallet installation structure, stationary knife seat and the holding of rear snap-gauge two sides are installed in the locating slot on the inside of two supporting plates of left and right, and it is fixed to guarantee The installation site of tool apron and rear snap-gauge greatly reduces the installation positioning test time of stationary knife seat and rear snap-gauge, installs ten It is convenient to divide, and improves production efficiency.
The present invention solves the above problems used technical solution are as follows: snap-gauge installation knot after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat Structure, it includes rack, and stationary knife seat and moving knife seat are provided in the rack, is provided on the stationary knife seat and determines scissors and rear card Plate, it is described after snap-gauge be located at and determine above scissors, the rack includes left supported plate and right supported plate, the left supported plate and right supported plate inside The first locating slot and the second locating slot are offered along the vertical direction, and second locating slot is located above the first locating slot, described It is provided with multiple link bolt hole in first locating slot and the second locating slot, is provided with convex at left and right sides of the stationary knife seat Platform, the positioning convex platform are matched with the first locating slot, offer sliding slot along the vertical direction at left and right sides of the rear snap-gauge, described Positioning and guiding convex block is provided in sliding slot, the positioning and guiding convex block is matched with the second locating slot.
Further, compressed oil cylinder, the upper compressed oil cylinder lower end and rear snap-gauge are provided at the top of the stationary knife seat It is connected.
Further, dynamic scissors and preceding snap-gauge are provided on the moving knife seat, the preceding snap-gauge is located at below dynamic scissors, Moving knife seat bottom is provided with lower compressed oil cylinder, and the lower compressed oil cylinder upper end is connected with preceding snap-gauge.
Further, translation mechanism of taking over the baton is provided on front side of the moving knife seat, the translation mechanism of taking over the baton includes translation Bracket, it is horizontally disposed on the translating bracket to have the translation track of front and back two, it is provided on the translation track of front and back two Platform is translated, two rows of support stick idler wheels are symmetrically set on the translation platform, the translation mesa base is provided with connection Seat, the translating bracket side are provided with flat-removing air cyclinder, and the flat-removing air cyclinder tailpiece of the piston rod is connected with attachment base.
Further, the translation mechanism side of taking over the baton is provided with sizing mechanism of reinforcing, and the sizing mechanism of reinforcing includes shear gauge Frame is provided with the scale vehicle frame that can be moved along the longitudinal direction in the scale rack, and scale vehicle frame front is provided with fixation Support is hingedly provided with the scale vehicle frame back side described in scale gear stick component on the hold-down support and is provided with cylinder frame, the gas It is provided with cylinder block on cylinder frame, the first cylinder, first cylinder and scale gear stick component are hingedly provided on the cylinder block Between be connected by link mechanism, scale gear stick component is able to drive by the ejection or retract action of the first cylinder and is beaten outward It opens or inwardly withdraws.
Further, the link mechanism includes first connecting rod and second connecting rod, described first connecting rod one end and first Cylinder piston rod end is hinged, and the first connecting rod other end is hinged with second connecting rod, the second connecting rod other end and fixed Ruler gear stick component is hinged, and is hinged in the middle part of the first connecting rod with cylinder frame;When the first cylinder gradually eject outward it is fixed to making When ruler gear stick component and scale vehicle frame are mutually perpendicular to position, the hinge joint of first connecting rod and the first cylinder frame and second connecting rod both ends Hinge joint be located along the same line.
Further, the scale gear stick component includes gear stick frame, and gear stick frame one end passes through pin shaft and fixed branch Seat is hinged, and a gear stick face is provided on rear side of the gear stick frame, and gear stick frame side is arranged spring base, wears in the spring base Equipped with mandril, it is provided with spring between the mandril and spring base, is provided with inductive switch, the spring on the outside of the spring base Seat inside is provided with induction pieces, and the induction pieces include intermediate articulated section, is respectively arranged at left and right sides of the intermediate articulated section Left swing bar and right swing rod, the intermediate articulated section are hinged by pin shaft and gear stick frame, and the inductive switch is disposed in proximity to a left side At swing rod outer end position, offsets in the middle part of the mandril and left swing bar, through-hole, the right swing rod outer end are offered on the gear stick face It is exposed to except through-hole.
Further, it is symmetrically arranged with button stick block at left and right sides of the gear stick face, passes through pin shaft in the middle part of the button stick block Be hinged with gear stick frame, be provided with the second cylinder on front side of the gear stick frame, second cylinder left and right ends respectively with left and right two A button stick block front end is hinged.
Compared with the prior art, the advantages of the present invention are as follows:
Pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat of the present invention, stationary knife seat and the holding of rear snap-gauge two sides are installed on Left and right two supporting plates on the inside of locating slot in, can guarantee the installation site of stationary knife seat and rear snap-gauge, greatly reduce stationary knife seat and It the installation positioning test time of snap-gauge afterwards, installs very convenient, improves production efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of schematic perspective view of aluminium bar hot shears.
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic perspective view at another visual angle of aluminium bar hot shears.
Fig. 3 is a kind of main view of aluminium bar hot shears.
Fig. 4 is the left view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the right view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is the top view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 7 is the matching relationship schematic diagram in Fig. 3 between rack, moving knife seat and preceding snap-gauge.
Fig. 8 is the matching relationship schematic diagram in Fig. 7 between moving knife seat and preceding snap-gauge.
Fig. 9 is the matching relationship schematic diagram in Fig. 3 between rack, stationary knife seat and rear snap-gauge.
Figure 10 is the matching relationship schematic diagram in Fig. 9 between stationary knife seat, rear snap-gauge and left supported plate.
Figure 11 is the structural schematic diagram of left supported plate in Figure 10.
Figure 12 is the schematic perspective view of sizing mechanism of reinforcing in Fig. 3.
Figure 13 is the schematic perspective view at another visual angle of sizing mechanism of reinforcing in Fig. 3.
Figure 14 is the main view of sizing mechanism of reinforcing in Fig. 3.
Figure 15 is the top view of Figure 14.
Figure 16 is the side view of Figure 14.
Figure 17 is the A-A cross-sectional view of Figure 14.
Figure 18 is the schematic diagram that first connecting rod and second connecting rod are in dead-centre position.
Figure 19 is the schematic perspective view of scale gear stick component in Figure 14.
Figure 20 is the schematic perspective view at another visual angle of scale gear stick component in Figure 14.
Figure 21 is the main view of scale gear stick group in Figure 14.
Figure 22 is the top view of Figure 21.
Figure 23 is the side view of Figure 21.
Figure 24 is the B-B cross-sectional view of Figure 21.
Figure 25 is the schematic perspective view of Tu3Zhong Jia stick mechanism.
Figure 26 is the schematic perspective view at another visual angle of Tu3Zhong Jia stick mechanism.
Figure 27 is the schematic perspective view that Tu3Zhong Jia stick mechanism installs shield additional.
Wherein:
Pedestal 1
Rack 2
Left supported plate 2.1
Right supported plate 2.2
Top plate 2.3
First locating slot 2.4
Second locating slot 2.5
Link bolt hole 2.6
Stationary knife seat 3
Moving knife seat 4
Master cylinder 5
Rear roller frame 6
Rear roller component 7
It takes over the baton translation mechanism 8
Translating bracket 8.1
Translation track 8.2
Translate platform 8.3
Hold in the palm stick idler wheel 8.4
Attachment base 8.5
Flat-removing air cyclinder 8.6
Rod-back machine structure 9
Sizing mechanism of reinforcing 10
Scale rack 10.1
Scale vehicle frame 10.2
Hold-down support 10.3
Scale gear stick component 10.4
Gear stick frame 10.4.1
Gear stick face 10.4.2
Spring base 10.4.3
Mandril 10.4.4
Spring 10.4.5
Inductive switch 10.4.6
Induction pieces 10.4.7
Intermediate articulated section 10.4.7.1
Left swing bar 10.4.7.2
Right swing rod 10.4.7.3
Through-hole 10.4.8
Detain stick block 10.4.9
Second cylinder 10.4.10
Cylinder frame 10.5
Cylinder block 10.6
First cylinder 10.7
Link mechanism 10.8
First connecting rod 10.8.1
Second connecting rod 10.8.2
Drive lead screw 10.9
Speed reducer 10.10
Transmission nut 10.11
Second guide rail 10.12
Second sliding block 10.13
Jia Bang mechanism 11
Guide rail bracket 11.1
Crane 11.2
Support shaft 11.3
Linking arm 11.4
Lower swing arm 11.5
Upper swing arm 11.6
Third cylinder 11.7
Clamp arm 11.8;
Third guide rail 11.9
Third sliding block 11.10
4th cylinder 11.11
Cylinder ear 11.12
Shield 11.13
Ding Bang mechanism 12
Determine scissors 13
Snap-gauge 14 afterwards
Upper compressed oil cylinder 15
Dynamic scissors 16
Preceding snap-gauge 17
Lower compressed oil cylinder 18
Pressing plate 19
First guide rail 20
First sliding block 21
Guide groove 22
Guide plate 23
Positioning convex platform 24
Sliding slot 25
Positioning and guiding convex block 26.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the embodiments of the drawings.
Referring to FIG. 1 to FIG. 6, one of the present embodiment aluminium bar hot shears, it includes pedestal 1, is provided on the pedestal 1 Rack 2 is provided with stationary knife seat 3 and moving knife seat 4 in the rack 2, master cylinder 5, the master cylinder is provided at the top of the rack 2 5 lower ends are connected with moving knife seat 4, and master cylinder 5 can drive moving knife seat 4 to do oscilaltion campaign, are provided on rear side of the rack 2 Rear roller frame 6 is provided with rear roller component 7 on the rear roller frame 6, is provided with translation mechanism 8 of taking over the baton on front side of the moving knife seat 4 With rod-back machine structure 9, the rod-back machine structure 9 is located at 8 top of translation mechanism of taking over the baton, is provided with sizing mechanism of reinforcing 10 on front side of the rack 2, The sizing mechanism of reinforcing 10 is located at 8 side of translation mechanism of taking over the baton, and Jia Bang mechanism 11, the folder stick machine are provided on rear side of the rack 2 Structure 11 is located at 7 top of rear roller component, is provided with Ding Bang mechanism 12 below the rear roller component 7;
It is provided on the stationary knife seat 3 and determines scissors 13 and rear snap-gauge 14, the rear snap-gauge 14, which is located at, determines 13 top of scissors, institute It states and is provided with compressed oil cylinder 15 at the top of stationary knife seat 3, upper 15 lower end of compressed oil cylinder is connected with rear snap-gauge 14, the moving knife Dynamic scissors 16 and preceding snap-gauge 17 are provided on seat 4, the preceding snap-gauge 17 is located at dynamic 16 lower section of scissors, and 4 bottom of moving knife seat is set It is equipped with lower compressed oil cylinder 18, lower 18 upper end of compressed oil cylinder is connected with preceding snap-gauge 17;
The rack 2 includes left supported plate 2.1 and right supported plate 2.2, and the left supported plate 2.1 and right supported plate are set between 2.2 top It is equipped with top plate 2.3, the master cylinder 5 is fixedly installed on top plate 2.3;
Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 8, pressing plate 19,19 back side of pressing plate are provided on front side of the left supported plate 2.1 and right supported plate 2.2 It is provided with the first guide rail 20, the preceding snap-gauge 17 is held on moving knife seat 4,17 front left and right two of the moving knife seat 4 and preceding snap-gauge Side is provided with the first sliding block 21, and first sliding block 21 and the first guide rail 20 complement each other to form linear guide rail structure;
4 front of moving knife seat is provided with guide groove 22, and preceding 17 front of snap-gauge is provided with guide plate 23, the guide plate 23 are set in guide groove 22, and the sliding block 21 on the preceding snap-gauge 17 is fixedly installed on guide plate 23;
Referring to Fig. 9~Figure 11, the left supported plate 2.1 and 2.2 inside of right supported plate offer the first locating slot along the vertical direction 2.4 and second locating slot 2.5, second locating slot 2.5 be located at 2.4 top of the first locating slot, 2.4 He of the first locating slot It is provided with multiple link bolt hole 2.6 in second locating slot 2.5, is provided with positioning convex platform 24 at left and right sides of the stationary knife seat 3, The positioning convex platform 24 is matched with the first locating slot 2.4, and rear 14 left and right sides of snap-gauge offers sliding slot along the vertical direction 25, positioning and guiding convex block 26 is provided in the sliding slot 25, and the positioning and guiding convex block 26 is matched with the second locating slot 2.5;
The translation mechanism 8 of taking over the baton includes translating bracket 8.1, on the translating bracket 8.1 it is horizontally disposed have before Two translation tracks 8.2 afterwards are provided with translation platform 8.3, a left side on the translation platform 8.3 on the translation track 8.2 of front and back two The right side is symmetrically arranged with two rows of support stick idler wheels 8.4, and 8.3 bottom of translation platform is provided with attachment base 8.5, the translating bracket 8.1 sides are provided with flat-removing air cyclinder 8.6, and 8.6 tailpiece of the piston rod of flat-removing air cyclinder is connected with attachment base 8.5;
Referring to Figure 12~Figure 24, the sizing mechanism of reinforcing 10 includes scale rack 10.1, is arranged in the scale rack 10.1 There is the scale vehicle frame 10.2 that can be moved along the longitudinal direction, 10.2 front of scale vehicle frame is provided with hold-down support 10.3, described Scale gear stick component 10.4 is hingedly provided on hold-down support 10.3,10.2 back side of scale vehicle frame is provided with cylinder frame 10.5, cylinder block 10.6 is provided on the cylinder frame 10.5, and the first cylinder 10.7 is hingedly provided on the cylinder block 10.6, It is connected between first cylinder 10.7 and scale gear stick component 10.4 by link mechanism 10.8, passes through the first cylinder 10.7 Ejection or retract action be able to drive scale gear stick component 10.4 and outwardly open or inwardly withdraw;
Drive lead screw 10.9 is provided in the scale rack 10.1 along the longitudinal direction, the drive lead screw 10.9 is by subtracting Fast machine 10.10 is driven, and transmission nut 10.11, the cylinder frame 10.5 and transmission are provided on the drive lead screw 10.9 Nut 10.11 is connected;
10.1 side of scale rack is arranged in parallel with two the second guide rails 10.12, the scale vehicle frame 10.2 up and down The back side is provided with two group of second sliding block 10.13 up and down, and upper and lower two group of second sliding block 10.13 is respectively arranged at leads for two group second up and down On rail 10.12, second guide rail 10.12 and the second sliding block 10.13 match to form linear guide rail structure;
The link mechanism 10.8 includes first connecting rod 10.8.1 and second connecting rod 10.8.2, the first connecting rod 10.8.1 One end is hinged with 10.7 tailpiece of the piston rod of the first cylinder, and the first connecting rod 10.8.1 other end is cut with scissors with second connecting rod 10.8.2 phase Connect, the second connecting rod 10.8.2 other end is hinged with scale gear stick component 10.4, in the middle part of the first connecting rod 10.8.1 with Cylinder frame 10.5 is hinged;
When the first cylinder 10.7 gradually outward ejection to being mutually perpendicular to scale gear stick component 10.4 with scale vehicle frame 10.2 (scale gear stick component 10.4 can carry out scale positioning to aluminium bar under this state), first connecting rod 10.8.1 and the first gas when position The hinge joint of cylinder frame 10.7 and the hinge joint at the both ends second connecting rod 10.8.2 are located along the same line, and form a dead-centre position, Cylinder and link mechanism position change when aluminium bar can be effectively prevent to hit scale gear stick component, determine to be effectively ensured Ruler gear stick component position during scale will not deflect, and substantially increase the accuracy of aluminium bar scale positioning;
The scale gear stick component 10.4 includes gear stick frame 10.4.1, and described one end gear stick frame 10.4.1 is by pin shaft and admittedly Determine support 10.3 to be hinged, is provided with a gear stick face 10.4.2, the gear stick frame 10.4.1 mono- on rear side of the gear stick frame 10.4.1 Spring base 10.4.3 is arranged in side, is coated with mandril 10.4.4, the mandril 10.4.4 and spring base in the spring base 10.4.3 10.4.3 it is provided with spring 10.4.5 between, is provided with inductive switch 10.4.6, the spring on the outside of the spring base 10.4.3 Seat 10.4.3 on the inside of be provided with induction pieces 10.4.7, the induction pieces 10.4.7 includes intermediate articulated section 10.4.7.1, it is described in Between be respectively arranged with left swing bar 10.4.7.2 and right swing rod 10.4.7.3 at left and right sides of the 10.4.7.1 of articulated section, the centre is hinged Portion 10.4.7.1 is hinged by pin shaft and gear stick frame 10.4.1, and the inductive switch 10.4.6 is disposed in proximity to left swing bar 10.4.7.2 it at outer end position, offsets in the middle part of the mandril 10.4.4 and left swing bar 10.4.7.2, on the gear stick face 10.4.2 Through-hole 10.4.8 is offered, the outer end right swing rod 10.4.7.3 is exposed to except through-hole 10.4.8;
It is symmetrically arranged with button stick block 10.4.9 at left and right sides of the gear stick face 10.4.2, leads in the middle part of the button stick block 10.4.9 It crosses pin shaft to be hinged with gear stick frame 10.4.1, is provided with the second cylinder 10.4.10 on front side of the gear stick frame 10.4.1, described second The left and right ends cylinder 10.4.10 are hinged with two front ends button stick block 10.4.9 in left and right respectively;
5~Figure 27 referring to fig. 2, the Jia Bang mechanism 11 include guide rail bracket 11.1, and the guide rail bracket 11.1 is fixedly installed on In rack 2, a crane 11.2 moving up and down is provided on rear side of the guide rail bracket 11.1,11.2 lower part of crane is set The two horizontally disposed support shafts 11.3 in left and right are equipped with, the two support shafts 11.3 in left and right are located in same horizontal line, left and right It is connected between two 11.3 rear ends of support shaft by linking arm 11.4, is provided with former and later two in the support shaft 11.3 The lower swing arm 11.5 arranged downward, is provided with a upwardly disposed upper swing arm 11.6 in the middle part of the support shaft 11.3, it is described on Swing arm 11.6 is located between former and later two lower swing arms 11.5, is provided between the upper swing arm 11.6 of the two support shafts 11.3 in left and right Third cylinder 11.7,11.7 both ends of third cylinder are hinged with two 11.6 upper ends of upper swing arm in left and right respectively, same support Clamp arm 11.8 is provided between former and later two 11.5 lower ends of lower swing arm in shaft 11.3;
11.1 rear side of guide rail bracket is provided with the two third guide rails 11.9 in left and right, the crane 11.2 along the vertical direction Front side is provided with the two groups of third sliding blocks 11.10 in left and right, and the two groups of third sliding blocks 11.10 in left and right are respectively arranged at two thirds in left and right and lead On rail 11.9, the third sliding block 11.10 matches to form linear guide rail structure with third guide rail 11.9;
The crane 11.2 is fixedly installed the 4th cylinder 11.11, is provided with a cylinder at the top of the guide rail bracket 11.1 Ear 11.12,11.11 upper end of the 4th cylinder are hinged with cylinder ear 11.12;
Shield 11.13 is set on the outside of the crane 11.2, and the shield 11.13 is fixedly installed on guide rail bracket 11.1.
Working principle:
Long aluminium bar in heating furnace by heating is fed forward by rear roller component to translation mechanism position of taking over the baton, this When the take over the baton sizing mechanism of reinforcing of translation mechanism side scale positioning is carried out to long aluminium bar, the preceding snap-gauge of hot shears and rear card after positioning in place Long aluminium bar is fixed in plate, and then master cylinder driving moving knife seat moves downward, to cut the short aluminium bar of required length;Short aluminium After shear offing, rod-back machine structure will be sheared remaining long aluminium bar and is retracted into heating furnace backward, the short aluminium that Ding Bang mechanism will be cut Stick is ejected forward shelf position, and translation mechanism of taking over the baton translates short aluminium bar to side, by the machinery for being set to hot shears side Short aluminium bar is transported at extruder by hand;When previous short aluminium bar will be completed to squeeze at extruder, it is complete to repeat above-mentioned operation At the hot shears of latter short aluminium bar, loop back and forth like this.The entire hot shears Process Design of hot shears is reasonable, and operation is smooth, greatly improves The hot shears efficiency of aluminium bar, and can effectively ensure that the hot shears effect of aluminium bar;
For sizing mechanism of reinforcing when carrying out scale positioning to long aluminium bar, speed reducer drives drive lead screw rotation, to make to be driven spiral shell Master tape moves scale vehicle frame and run on guide rail to designated position, at this time the first cylinder make scale gear stick component outwardly open to calmly The perpendicular position of ruler rack, first connecting rod is located at the hinge joint of the first cylinder frame and the hinge joint at second connecting rod both ends at this time On same straight line, a dead-centre position is formed, cylinder and link mechanism when aluminium bar can be effectively prevent to hit scale gear stick component Position changes, so that scale gear stick component position during scale, which has been effectively ensured, to deflect, greatly improves The accuracy of aluminium bar scale positioning;
It is provided with sensing device on the gear stick frame of scale gear stick component, when aluminium bar front end is arrived to gear stick face by induction pieces The through-hole in gear stick face is ejected, so that induction pieces rotate, the left swing bar of induction pieces is contacted with inductive switch, to issue aluminium bar Signal in place, hot shears shears aluminium bar at this time, can effectively improve the sizing accuracy of aluminium bar;
It is provided with button stick block at left and right sides of scale gear stick mechanism gear stick face, the two button sticks in left and right can be made by the second cylinder Block clamp or release aluminium bar end, button stick block be failure to actuate in normal scale operation, when long aluminium bar shear it is bigger to residue length In or (residue length will not influence extruder and work normally) when being slightly less than cut lengths, no longer need to carry out shearing work at this time (otherwise will cause previous aluminium bar or the clipped generation aluminium bar thin slice of latter aluminium bar) directly can clamp aluminium bar head by detaining stick block Aluminium bar is pulled out forward shelf position (aluminium bar can not be ejected by not shearing Shi Ding stick mechanism) by portion, so that the transverse-moving mechanism that makes to take over the baton is suitable The removing aluminium bar of benefit, to improve production efficiency, reduces the loss of aluminium bar;
Jia Bang mechanism is mainly used for stub clamping operation, and concrete condition is to exist when previous long aluminium bar is trimmed to residue length When between one times of cut lengths and 2 times of cut lengths (waste that there will certainly be one section of aluminium bar to cut lengths is sheared at this time), The residue length aluminium bar can be cut into two sections of roughly equal front and back stub (two sections are respectively less than cut lengths) by hot shears, Back segment stub is picked up by Jia Bang mechanism first, long aluminium bar latter at this time ejects leading portion stub, will be latter by hot shears Long aluminium bar shears next section of stub, this section of stub can be by leading portion stub polishing to cut lengths, and by taking over the baton, translation mechanism will The leading portion stub of polishing to cut lengths, which removes, to be sent into extruder;Latter long aluminium bar is retracted heating furnace by rod-back machine structure at this time Interior, Jia Bang mechanism puts down back segment stub, and latter long aluminium bar ejects back segment stub, is cut latter long aluminium bar again by hot shears One section of stub is cut, this section of stub can be by back segment stub polishing to cut lengths, by translation mechanism of taking over the baton by polishing to calmly The back segment stub of ruler length, which removes, to be sent into extruder, and this mode can greatly reduce the loss of aluminium bar, effectively increase Stock utilization.
In addition to the implementation, all to use equivalent transformation or equivalent replacement the invention also includes there is an other embodiments The technical solution that mode is formed should all be fallen within the scope of the hereto appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat, it is characterised in that: it includes rack (2), the rack (2) On be provided with stationary knife seat (3) and moving knife seat (4), be provided on the stationary knife seat (3) and determine scissors (13) and rear snap-gauge (14), it is described Snap-gauge (14), which is located at, afterwards determines above scissors (13), and the rack (2) includes left supported plate (2.1) and right supported plate (2.2), the left branch The first locating slot (2.4) and the second locating slot (2.5) are offered along the vertical direction on the inside of plate (2.1) and right supported plate (2.2), it is described Second locating slot (2.5) is located above the first locating slot (2.4), in first locating slot (2.4) and the second locating slot (2.5) It is provided with multiple link bolt hole (2.6), is provided with positioning convex platform (24), the positioning at left and right sides of the stationary knife seat (3) Boss (24) is matched with the first locating slot (2.4), offers sliding slot along the vertical direction at left and right sides of the rear snap-gauge (14) (25), it is provided with positioning and guiding convex block (26) in the sliding slot (25), the positioning and guiding convex block (26) and the second locating slot (2.5) it matches.
2. pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described fixed It is provided with compressed oil cylinder (15) at the top of tool apron (3), upper compressed oil cylinder (15) lower end is connected with rear snap-gauge (14).
3. pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described dynamic Dynamic scissors (16) and preceding snap-gauge (17) are provided on tool apron (4), the preceding snap-gauge (17) is located at below dynamic scissors (16), described dynamic Tool apron (4) bottom is provided with lower compressed oil cylinder (18), and lower compressed oil cylinder (18) upper end is connected with preceding snap-gauge (17).
4. pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described dynamic It is provided with translation mechanism of taking over the baton (8) on front side of tool apron (4), the translation mechanism of taking over the baton (8) includes translating bracket (8.1), described flat It is horizontally disposed in shifting bracket (8.1) to have the translation track (8.2) of front and back two, it is set on the translation track (8.2) of front and back two It is equipped with translation platform (8.3), two rows of supports stick idler wheel (8.4), the translation are symmetrically set on the translation platform (8.3) Platform (8.3) bottom is provided with attachment base (8.5), and translating bracket (8.1) side is provided with flat-removing air cyclinder (8.6), described Flat-removing air cyclinder (8.6) tailpiece of the piston rod is connected with attachment base (8.5).
5. pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: described to connect Stick translation mechanism (8) side is provided with sizing mechanism of reinforcing (10), and the sizing mechanism of reinforcing (10) includes scale rack (10.1), described fixed The scale vehicle frame (10.2) that can be moved along the longitudinal direction is provided in ruler rack (10.1), scale vehicle frame (10.2) front is set It is equipped with hold-down support (10.3), scale gear stick component (10.4) the scale vehicle is hingedly provided on the hold-down support (10.3) Frame (10.2) back side is provided with cylinder frame (10.5), is provided with cylinder block (10.6), the cylinder on the cylinder frame (10.5) It is hingedly provided with the first cylinder (10.7) on seat (10.6), between first cylinder (10.7) and scale gear stick component (10.4) It is connected by link mechanism (10.8), scale gear stick group is able to drive by the ejection or retract action of the first cylinder (10.7) Part (10.4) is outwardly opened or is inwardly withdrawn.
6. pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the company Linkage (10.8) includes first connecting rod (10.8.1) and second connecting rod (10.8.2), described first connecting rod one end (10.8.1) with First cylinder (10.7) tailpiece of the piston rod is hinged, and first connecting rod (10.8.1) other end is mutually cut with scissors with second connecting rod (10.8.2) It connects, second connecting rod (10.8.2) other end is hinged with scale gear stick component (10.4), the first connecting rod (10.8.1) Middle part is hinged with cylinder frame (10.5);When the first cylinder (10.7) gradually outward ejection to make scale gear stick component (10.4) with When scale vehicle frame (10.2) is mutually perpendicular to position, the hinge joint and second of first connecting rod (10.8.1) and the first cylinder frame (10.7) The hinge joint at the both ends connecting rod (10.8.2) is located along the same line.
7. pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: described fixed Ruler gear stick component (10.4) includes gear stick frame (10.4.1), and described gear stick frame one end (10.4.1) passes through pin shaft and hold-down support (10.3) it is hinged, is provided with a gear stick face (10.4.2), the gear stick frame (10.4.1) on rear side of the gear stick frame (10.4.1) Spring base (10.4.3) is arranged in side, is coated with mandril (10.4.4), the mandril in the spring base (10.4.3) It is provided between (10.4.4) and spring base (10.4.3) spring (10.4.5), thoughts is set on the outside of the spring base (10.4.3) Inductive switch (10.4.6), spring base (10.4.3) inside are provided with induction pieces (10.4.7), the induction pieces (10.4.7) Including intermediate articulated section (10.4.7.1), left swing bar is respectively arranged at left and right sides of the intermediate articulated section (10.4.7.1) (10.4.7.2) and right swing rod (10.4.7.3), the intermediate articulated section (10.4.7.1) pass through pin shaft and gear stick frame (10.4.1) It is hinged, the inductive switch (10.4.6) is disposed in proximity at left swing bar (10.4.7.2) outer end position, the mandril It offsets in the middle part of (10.4.4) and left swing bar (10.4.7.2), offers through-hole (10.4.8), institute on the gear stick face (10.4.2) The outer end right swing rod (10.4.7.3) is stated to be exposed to except through-hole (10.4.8).
8. pallet installation structure after a kind of aluminium bar hot shears stationary knife seat according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: the gear Be symmetrically arranged at left and right sides of stick face (10.4.2) and buckle stick block (10.4.9), pass through in the middle part of the button stick block (10.4.9) pin shaft and Gear stick frame (10.4.1) is hinged, and is provided with the second cylinder (10.4.10) on front side of the gear stick frame (10.4.1), second gas The left and right ends cylinder (10.4.10) respectively with left and right two buckle the front end stick block (10.4.9) and be hinged.
CN201910414800.0A 2019-05-18 2019-05-18 Aluminum bar hot shearing machine with fixed cutter seat rear clamping plate mounting structure Active CN110315121B (en)

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CN205466988U (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-08-17 晋西工业集团有限责任公司 Take metal insert's conical cylindrical workpiece forming die
CN107175369A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-09-19 江苏江顺精密机电设备有限公司 Aluminum bar peeling machine moves rod assembly
CN206911958U (en) * 2017-05-04 2018-01-23 广东豪美新材股份有限公司 A kind of Anti-collision aluminium bar length measuring device
CN108772592A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-09 芜湖精塑实业有限公司 A kind of Full-automatic aluminum rod hot shearing machine
EP3479943A1 (en) * 2017-11-02 2019-05-08 F.O.M. Industrie S.r.l. Cutting-off machine to cut section bars, in particular made of aluminium, light alloys, pvc or the like

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201214185Y (en) * 2008-04-28 2009-04-01 儒拉玛特自动化技术(苏州)有限公司 Spring feeding mechanism for assembling engine intaking and exhausting valve
CN203592081U (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-05-14 佛山市朗盾铝加工设备有限公司 Transversely-moving bar feeding mechanism of aluminum bar dual shearing machine
CN203592187U (en) * 2013-11-27 2014-05-14 佛山市朗盾铝加工设备有限公司 Manipulator of hot shears
CN105171110A (en) * 2015-09-22 2015-12-23 江阴江顺铝型材成套设备制造有限公司 Sizing device
CN205466988U (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-08-17 晋西工业集团有限责任公司 Take metal insert's conical cylindrical workpiece forming die
CN206911958U (en) * 2017-05-04 2018-01-23 广东豪美新材股份有限公司 A kind of Anti-collision aluminium bar length measuring device
CN107175369A (en) * 2017-06-29 2017-09-19 江苏江顺精密机电设备有限公司 Aluminum bar peeling machine moves rod assembly
EP3479943A1 (en) * 2017-11-02 2019-05-08 F.O.M. Industrie S.r.l. Cutting-off machine to cut section bars, in particular made of aluminium, light alloys, pvc or the like
CN108772592A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-09 芜湖精塑实业有限公司 A kind of Full-automatic aluminum rod hot shearing machine

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