CN110282534A - A kind of cabinet hanging apparatus and hanging method - Google Patents

A kind of cabinet hanging apparatus and hanging method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110282534A
CN110282534A CN201910563552.6A CN201910563552A CN110282534A CN 110282534 A CN110282534 A CN 110282534A CN 201910563552 A CN201910563552 A CN 201910563552A CN 110282534 A CN110282534 A CN 110282534A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cabinet
suspender belt
hanging
mounting hole
suspender
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910563552.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李帅
翟旺
廖军
白文龙
贾学军
吴新跃
吴中华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology CALT
Beijing Institute of Space Launch Technology
Original Assignee
China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology CALT
Beijing Institute of Space Launch Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology CALT, Beijing Institute of Space Launch Technology filed Critical China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology CALT
Priority to CN201910563552.6A priority Critical patent/CN110282534A/en
Publication of CN110282534A publication Critical patent/CN110282534A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C1/00Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles
    • B66C1/10Load-engaging elements or devices attached to lifting or lowering gear of cranes or adapted for connection therewith for transmitting lifting forces to articles or groups of articles by mechanical means
    • B66C1/12Slings comprising chains, wires, ropes, or bands; Nets

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus and hanging methods, belong to hoisting technology field.Described device is for lifting the heat insulation transportation box body that mass center has two kinds of different location states along its length, the first suspender belt, two isometric second suspender belts and two adapters including hanging beam, four equal lengths, by the way that adapter is arranged, and meet adapter lengthWhen, it can be ensured that match with centroid position variation, need to only adjust tie point below the first suspender belt, the horizontal of cabinet can be realized and lift, this method is simple to operate, and bring security risk when avoiding aloft operation.

Description

A kind of cabinet hanging apparatus and hanging method
Technical field
The present invention relates to hoisting technology field, a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus and hanging method are specifically provided.
Background technique
Guided missile usually passes through military insulation transfer box and is transported.In transport, the mass center of guided missile with bullet loading Whether there are two different distributions, for adapt to different barycenter distribution states insulation transfer box lifting, existing lifting Device generally includes frame-type hanging beam, four first suspender belts and at least two second suspender belts, the length of second suspender belt and institute The length for stating the first suspender belt is different, when the centroid position of insulation transfer box is in first state, two-by-two by four first suspender belts One group, the two sides of cabinet are fixed on, same group of two first suspender belt upper ends are fixed on the same position of the crossbeam, realize case The horizontal lifting of body;When cabinet mass center changes, be oppositely arranged in two groups two pieces the are replaced using two second suspender belts One suspender belt is to keep insulation transfer box level to lift by crane.
Since the link position of suspender belt and top hanging beam is higher, replace suspender belt when it is inconvenient, the amount of labour is big, and easily leads to Because human factor uncertainty caused by security risk.
Summary of the invention
Aiming at the problems existing in the prior art, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus and lifting sides Method need to only adjust tie point below the first suspender belt, the horizontal lifting of cabinet can be realized, this method is simple to operate, and keeps away Exempt from bring security risk when aloft operation.
The technical solution of the invention is as follows:
There is the cabinet of two kinds of different location states for lifting mass center in a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus, packet along its length Include the first suspender belt of hanging beam and four equal lengths, when lifting, the hanging beam is suspended from right above the cabinet, and along the cabinet Width direction extends, and four first suspender belts are one group two-by-two, two groups of two sides for being separately positioned on the cabinet, and described first The lower end of suspender belt is fixed on the cabinet, and the upper end of first suspender belt of two of same group is fixed on the same of the crossbeam Position, lower end and the fixed point of the cabinet are symmetrical relative to the hanging beam, and each first suspender belt is each parallel to the cabinet Side wall further includes two adapters, for being connected to when the centroid position of the cabinet changes along cabinet length direction Between the suspender belt lower end and the cabinet, so that two first suspender belts being oppositely arranged in two groups extend, the switching Part length meets:
Wherein, L is adapter length, and a is for two first suspender belts in same group and between the two fixing points of cabinet Spacing, Δ x are mass center along cabinet length direction variation distance, and c is the height of the fixed position of cabinet mass center and the first suspender belt upper end Difference, θ are the first suspender belt angle with horizontal plane.
In an alternative embodiment, the cabinet hanging apparatus further includes two second suspender belts, and two described second are hung The lower end of band is separately fixed at the hanging beam both ends, and upper end is each attached on hoisting apparatus, and fixed point is located in the hanging beam On vertical line, and meet:
Δ y < 0.061 (d-e), and d < e
Wherein Δ y is the variation distance of cabinet mass center in the width direction, and d is the second suspender belt upper end and the first suspender belt upper end Difference in height, e are the difference in height of cabinet mass center and the first suspender belt lower end.
In an alternative embodiment, the hanging beam is beam structure, and both ends are respectively provided with one group of mounting hole, every group of mounting hole Including one-to-one first mounting hole and the second mounting hole, first mounting hole is described for fixing first suspender belt For fixing second suspender belt, second mounting hole is located above first mounting hole second mounting hole, and meet with Lower relationship:
F be the spacing of two the first mounting holes in the horizontal direction, g be two the second mounting holes in the horizontal direction between Away from h is that the second mounting hole and hanging beam neutral plane height are poor, angle of the α between the second suspender belt and hanging beam.
In an alternative embodiment, along the hanging beam length direction, also set in the inner or outer side for having the mounting hole Mounting hole described in having another group.
In an alternative embodiment, the lower end of first suspender belt is fixed on the bottom of the wall box.
In an alternative embodiment, the adapter is rigid strip structure.
In an alternative embodiment, first suspender belt is annular suspender belt, is connect by rotating connector with the cabinet, When first suspender belt upper end is not fixed, can be rotated along the axis of the rotating connector upper end, the rotating connector lower end It is rotatablely connected between the cabinet.
In an alternative embodiment, the adapter first end is connect with first suspender belt by pin shaft, second end with The axis of the rotating connector upper end is adapted to.
, there is the cabinet of two kinds of different location states along its length for lifting mass center in a kind of cabinet hanging method, It is characterized in that, is lifted using above-mentioned apparatus.
In an alternative embodiment, the change direction of cabinet mass center along its length is determined before lifting;According to the variation Direction is determined to extended two first suspender belts.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus provided in an embodiment of the present invention by the way that adapter is arranged, and keeps adapter length full When sufficient formula (1) relationship, it can be ensured that matched with centroid position variation, need to only adjust tie point below the first suspender belt, case can be realized The horizontal lifting of body, this method is simple to operate, and bring security risk when avoiding aloft operation;
(2) when positional relationship, which meets formula (2), to be required, when can avoid cabinet lifting, since mass center changes in the width direction When bring cabinet lifting inclination angle it is excessive or tumble;
(3) when mounting hole meets formula (3) relationship, hanging beam both ends pulling force effect line is intersected in crossbeam neutral surface position, and Resultant direction is along crossbeam axis, it is ensured that crossbeam is solely subjected to Tensile or Compressive Loading, and crossbeam is avoided to bear bending load;
(4) cabinet is lifted by crane by the bottom of box, guarantees that wall box is not subject to lifting load;
(5) present invention uses rigid strip structure adapter, light-weight, simple to operate, can be switched fast and hang Dress state;
(6) it can be relatively rotated between rotating connector and cabinet, the load for guaranteeing that adapter is born is along suspender belt direction Tensile load;
(7) adapter two-end structure form provided in an embodiment of the present invention is different, can effectively prevent connection error.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus structural schematic diagram provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 be a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus provided in an embodiment of the present invention in hoisting box body towards cabinet length direction Schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 be a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus provided in an embodiment of the present invention in hoisting box body towards box width direction Assembly relation schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 be a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus provided in an embodiment of the present invention in hoisting box body towards box width direction Another assembly relation schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
A specific embodiment of the invention is described in further details below with reference to drawings and the specific embodiments.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus, for lifting mass center along length side To there are the heat insulation transportation box body of two kinds of different location states, including hanging beam, the first suspender belt of four equal lengths, two it is isometric Second suspender belt and two adapters, when lifting, the hanging beam is suspended from right above the cabinet, and along the width direction of the cabinet Extend, four first suspender belts are one group two-by-two, two groups of two sides for being separately positioned on the cabinet, under first suspender belt End is fixed on the cabinet, and the upper end of first suspender belt of two of same group is fixed on the same position of the crossbeam, is led to It is often one end of crossbeam, the lower end of first suspender belt of two of same group and the fixed point of the cabinet are relative to the hanging beam Symmetrically, each first suspender belt is each parallel to the wall box, described two adapters, for working as the mass center position of the cabinet It sets when changing along cabinet length direction, is connected between the suspender belt lower end and the cabinet, so that opposite in two groups set Two set, first suspender belt extends, as shown in Fig. 2, the adapter length meets formula (1):
Wherein, L is adapter length, and a is for two first suspender belts in same group and between the two fixing points of cabinet Spacing, Δ x are mass center along cabinet length direction variation distance, and c is the height of the fixed position of cabinet mass center and the first suspender belt upper end Difference, θ are the first suspender belt angle with horizontal plane.
As shown in Fig. 2, the guided missile in insulation transfer box is fitted without bullet, heat insulation transportation when lifting first time Box body mass center is located at left side centroid position in Fig. 2 (i.e. mass center immediately below hanging beam in Fig. 2), lifts case using four first suspender belts Body;After the completion of lifting, after guided missile installation bullet intracorporal to case, mass center deviates to the right, reaches right side mass center position in Fig. 2 It sets, at this point, adapter length is determined according to formula (1), as shown in Figure 1, the adapter of suitable length is mounted on cabinet left end two Below a suspender belt, carries out second and lift.
A kind of cabinet hanging apparatus provided in an embodiment of the present invention by the way that adapter is arranged, and meets adapter length When formula (1) relationship, it can be ensured that matched with centroid position variation, need to only adjust tie point below the first suspender belt, cabinet can be realized Horizontal lifting, this method is simple to operate, and bring security risk when avoiding aloft operation.
As shown in Figure 1, in an alternative embodiment, the cabinet hanging apparatus further includes two second suspender belts, two The lower end of second suspender belt is separately fixed at the hanging beam both ends, and upper end is each attached on hoisting apparatus, and fixed point is located at institute It states on the perpendicular bisector of hanging beam, and meets formula (2):
Δ y < 0.061 (d-e), and d < e (2)
Wherein, as shown in figure 3, Δ y is the variation distance of cabinet mass center in the width direction, d is the second suspender belt upper end and the The difference in height of one suspender belt upper end, e are the difference in height of cabinet mass center and the first suspender belt lower end.
When positional relationship, which meets formula (2), to be required, when can avoid cabinet lifting, band when changing in the width direction due to mass center The cabinet lifting inclination angle come is excessive or tumbles.
As shown in figure 4, the hanging beam is beam structure, and both ends are respectively provided with one group of mounting hole, and every group of mounting hole includes one One corresponding first mounting hole and the second mounting hole, first mounting hole is for fixing first suspender belt, second peace Dress hole is located above first mounting hole for fixing second suspender belt, second mounting hole, and meets formula (3) pass System:
F be the spacing of two the first mounting holes in the horizontal direction, g be two the second mounting holes in the horizontal direction between Away from h is that the second mounting hole and hanging beam neutral plane height are poor, angle of the α between the second suspender belt and hanging beam.
When mounting hole meets formula (3) relationship, hanging beam both ends pulling force effect line is intersected in crossbeam neutral surface position, and resultant force Direction is along crossbeam axis.Crossbeam is solely subjected to Tensile or Compressive Loading, and crossbeam is avoided to bear bending load.
As shown in figure 4, being additionally provided with another group on the inside or outside of the mounting hole having along the hanging beam length direction The mounting hole.It is different by installation pitch of holes, it is suitable for the lifting of different width dimensions cabinet.
In an alternative embodiment, the lower end of first suspender belt is fixed on the bottom of the wall box.Pass through cabinet Cabinet is lifted by crane in bottom, and side wall is not subject to lifting load.
In an alternative embodiment, the adapter is rigid strip structure.Adapter is light-weight, side easy to operate Just, lifting state can be switched fast.
In an alternative embodiment, first suspender belt is annular suspender belt, is connect by rotating connector with the cabinet, And when first suspender belt upper end is not fixed, it can be rotated along the axis of the rotating connector.Between rotating connector and cabinet It can relatively rotate, guarantee that the load of adapter receiving is the tensile load along suspender belt direction.
In an alternative embodiment, the adapter first end is connect with first suspender belt by pin shaft, second end with The axis of the rotating connector upper end is adapted to.Adapter two-end structure form is different, can effectively prevent connection error.
The embodiment of the invention also provides a kind of cabinet using hanging apparatus mass center provided by the above embodiment along length side To there are the hanging methods of the heat insulation transportation box body of two kinds of different location states.
As shown in Fig. 2, the guided missile in insulation transfer box is fitted without bullet, heat insulation transportation when lifting first time Box body mass center is located at left side centroid position in Fig. 2 (i.e. mass center immediately below hanging beam in Fig. 2), lifts case using four first suspender belts Body;After the completion of lifting, after guided missile installation bullet intracorporal to case, mass center deviates to the right, reaches right side mass center position in Fig. 2 It sets, at this point, adapter length is determined according to formula (1), as shown in Figure 1, the adapter of suitable length is mounted on cabinet left end two Below a suspender belt, carries out second and lift.
A kind of cabinet hanging method provided in an embodiment of the present invention by the way that adapter is arranged, and meets adapter length When formula (1) relationship, it can be ensured that matched with centroid position variation, need to only adjust tie point below the first suspender belt, cabinet can be realized Horizontal lifting, this method is simple to operate, and bring security risk when avoiding aloft operation.
Embodiment of the present invention method is corresponding with Installation practice, specifically describes and effect is referring to Installation practice, herein not It repeats again.
Further, determine cabinet mass center change direction along its length before lifting, i.e., as shown in Fig. 2, mass center be to Right avertence shifting still deviates to the left;According to the change direction, determines and specifically work as matter to extended two first suspender belts When the heart deviates to the right, extend the first suspender belt length of cabinet left end two, when mass center deviates to the left, extends cabinet right end two pieces the The length of one suspender belt, it is inconsistent with adjusting method to avoid mass center variation, cause lifting inclination angle excessive and safety hazards.
The above, a specific embodiment only of the invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, appoints In the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, any changes or substitutions that can be easily thought of, all by what those familiar with the art It is covered by the protection scope of the present invention.
Unspecified part of the present invention belongs to common sense well known to those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. there is the cabinet of two kinds of different location states along its length for lifting mass center in a kind of cabinet hanging apparatus, including First suspender belt of hanging beam and four equal lengths, when lifting, the hanging beam is suspended from right above the cabinet, and along the width of the cabinet It spends direction to extend, four first suspender belts are one group two-by-two, and two groups of two sides for being separately positioned on the cabinet, described first hangs The lower end of band is fixed on the cabinet, and the upper end of first suspender belt of two of same group is fixed on the same position of the crossbeam It sets, lower end and the fixed point of the cabinet are symmetrical relative to the hanging beam, and each first suspender belt is each parallel to the case-side Wall, which is characterized in that further include two adapters, change for the centroid position when the cabinet along cabinet length direction When, it is connected between the suspender belt lower end and the cabinet, so that two be oppositely arranged in two groups, first suspender belt extends, The adapter length meets:
Wherein, L be adapter length, a be same group in two first suspender belts and the two fixing points of cabinet between spacing, Δ x is mass center along cabinet length direction variation distance, and c is the difference in height of the fixed position of cabinet mass center and the first suspender belt upper end, and θ is First suspender belt angle with horizontal plane.
2. cabinet hanging apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include two second suspender belts, described in two The lower end of second suspender belt is separately fixed at the hanging beam both ends, and upper end is each attached on hoisting apparatus, and fixed point is located at described hang On the perpendicular bisector of beam, and meet:
Δ y < 0.061 (d-e), and d < e
Wherein, Δ y is the variation distance of cabinet mass center in the width direction, and d is the height of the second suspender belt upper end and the first suspender belt upper end It is poor to spend, and e is the difference in height of cabinet mass center and the first suspender belt lower end.
3. cabinet hanging apparatus according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the hanging beam is beam structure, and both ends are each Equipped with one group of mounting hole, every group of mounting hole includes one-to-one first mounting hole and the second mounting hole, first mounting hole For fixing first suspender belt, for second mounting hole for fixing second suspender belt, second mounting hole is located at institute It states above the first mounting hole, and meets following relationship:
Wherein, f is the spacing of two the first mounting holes in the horizontal direction, g be two the second mounting holes in the horizontal direction Spacing, h are that the second mounting hole and hanging beam neutral plane height are poor, angle of the α between the second suspender belt and hanging beam.
4. cabinet hanging apparatus according to claim 3, which is characterized in that along the hanging beam length direction, State mounting hole described in being additionally provided with another group on the inside or outside of mounting hole.
5. cabinet hanging apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the lower end of first suspender belt is fixed on described The bottom of wall box.
6. cabinet hanging apparatus according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the adapter is rigid strip structure.
7. cabinet hanging apparatus according to claim 6, which is characterized in that first suspender belt is annular suspender belt, is passed through Rotating connector is connect with the cabinet, can be along the rotating connector upper end when first suspender belt upper end is not fixed Axis rotation, is rotatablely connected between the rotating connector lower end and the cabinet.
8. cabinet hanging apparatus according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the adapter first end is hung with described first Band is connected by pin shaft, and second end is adapted to the axis of the rotating connector upper end.
9. there is the cabinet of two kinds of different location states for lifting mass center in a kind of cabinet hanging method, special along its length Sign is, is lifted using any one of claim 1~8 described device.
10. cabinet hanging method according to claim 9, which is characterized in that determine cabinet mass center along length side before lifting To change direction;According to the change direction, determine to extended two first suspender belts.
CN201910563552.6A 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 A kind of cabinet hanging apparatus and hanging method Pending CN110282534A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910563552.6A CN110282534A (en) 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 A kind of cabinet hanging apparatus and hanging method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910563552.6A CN110282534A (en) 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 A kind of cabinet hanging apparatus and hanging method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110282534A true CN110282534A (en) 2019-09-27

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CN201910563552.6A Pending CN110282534A (en) 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 A kind of cabinet hanging apparatus and hanging method

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08282958A (en) * 1995-04-11 1996-10-29 Nippon Steel Corp Hanging device
CN102502392A (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-06-20 森松(江苏)海油工程装备有限公司 Oilfield skid block hoisting structure
CN203439904U (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-02-19 四川电器成套设备有限公司 Switch equipment hoisting component
CN104261242A (en) * 2014-08-19 2015-01-07 湖北三江航天红阳机电有限公司 Lifting belt-type suspender for horizontal hoisting
CN108046115A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-05-18 北京航天发射技术研究所 A kind of adjustable single-beam horizontal sling of barycenter
CN208829101U (en) * 2018-08-24 2019-05-07 福建雪人制冷设备有限公司 A kind of suspender

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08282958A (en) * 1995-04-11 1996-10-29 Nippon Steel Corp Hanging device
CN102502392A (en) * 2011-11-17 2012-06-20 森松(江苏)海油工程装备有限公司 Oilfield skid block hoisting structure
CN203439904U (en) * 2013-06-27 2014-02-19 四川电器成套设备有限公司 Switch equipment hoisting component
CN104261242A (en) * 2014-08-19 2015-01-07 湖北三江航天红阳机电有限公司 Lifting belt-type suspender for horizontal hoisting
CN108046115A (en) * 2018-01-26 2018-05-18 北京航天发射技术研究所 A kind of adjustable single-beam horizontal sling of barycenter
CN208829101U (en) * 2018-08-24 2019-05-07 福建雪人制冷设备有限公司 A kind of suspender

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Application publication date: 20190927