CN110273466A - Fabricated shear wall and its construction method - Google Patents

Fabricated shear wall and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110273466A
CN110273466A CN201910646411.0A CN201910646411A CN110273466A CN 110273466 A CN110273466 A CN 110273466A CN 201910646411 A CN201910646411 A CN 201910646411A CN 110273466 A CN110273466 A CN 110273466A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shear
plate
cap
screw
connector
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201910646411.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110273466B (en
Inventor
王征
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Jindianshi (beijing) Architectural Design Consulting Service Co Ltd
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Jindianshi (beijing) Architectural Design Consulting Service Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910646411.0A priority Critical patent/CN110273466B/en
Publication of CN110273466A publication Critical patent/CN110273466A/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/16Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material
    • E04B1/161Structures made from masses, e.g. of concrete, cast or similarly formed in situ with or without making use of additional elements, such as permanent forms, substructures to be coated with load-bearing material with vertical and horizontal slabs, both being partially cast in situ
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B1/6108Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together
    • E04B1/6116Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the frontal surfaces of the slabs connected together by locking means on lateral surfaces
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/16Load-carrying floor structures wholly or partly cast or similarly formed in situ
    • E04B5/32Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements
    • E04B5/36Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor
    • E04B5/38Floor structures wholly cast in situ with or without form units or reinforcements with form units as part of the floor with slab-shaped form units acting simultaneously as reinforcement; Form slabs with reinforcements extending laterally outside the element
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C5/00Reinforcing elements, e.g. for concrete; Auxiliary elements therefor
    • E04C5/16Auxiliary parts for reinforcements, e.g. connectors, spacers, stirrups
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/61Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other
    • E04B2001/6195Connections for building structures in general of slab-shaped building elements with each other the slabs being connected at an angle, e.g. forming a corner

Abstract

The present invention relates to technical field of buildings, more particularly to a kind of fabricated shear wall, including at least two shear walls, at least two the first U-shaped shear wall cap bodies and the first connector of H-type for connecting two neighbouring shear walls, when two shear walls are vertically connected with, the downside of upper shear wall is fixedly mounted in an installation cavity after installing a first shear wall cap body, and the upside of lower shear wall is fixedly mounted in another installation cavity after installing another the first shear wall cap body.The present invention connects two pieces of neighbouring shear walls by I-shaped first connector, avoids the problem of reinforcing bar grafting difficulty in the prior art, solves the problems such as two pieces of shear wall junction joints cement quality can not be checked, is uncontrollable.Fabricated shear wall of the invention need to only align, and construction can be completed in accurate, stubborn fixing bolt, and assembling process is fast accurate, reduces difficulty of construction.

Description

Fabricated shear wall and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of buildings, and in particular to a kind of fabricated shear wall and its construction method.
Background technique
According to " Chinese architecture energy consumption research report (2017) " display of Chinese architecture energy conservation association publication, building construction exists In life cycle management, the steel in the whole nation 1/3 are consumed, the cement of 60-70%, 1/3 town site, 1/3 city is used Water, the energy of 40-50% influence the energy, resource, environment huge.Traditional construction industry be high pollution, highly energy-consuming, environment not Friendly industry, industrialization degree is low, and water consume, energy consumption, artificial rubbish, quantity of wastewater effluent are big, does not meet national energy-saving and ring The Sustainable development policies of guarantor, and need a large amount of labour.
In recent years, with the continuous improvement of people's living standards, built speed, building of the people to building trades such as houses The requirement of cost, construction quality and energy conservation and environmental protection etc. is also continuously improved, and also for the energy that economizes on resources, reduction construction pollution, mentions Labor productivity and quality safety level, Development of Green Building and advanced mode of construction are risen, country is big since 2016 Power, which is advocated, carries out modern assembled architecture system." develops the major transformation that assembled architecture is mode of construction, be to promote supply side The important measure of structural reform and novel Urbanization Progress is conducive to the economize on resources energy, reduction construction pollution, promotion labour Production efficiency and quality safety are horizontal, may advantageously facilitate construction industry and newly move with informationization industrialization depth integration, cultivation NPD projects It can, push neutralizing superfluous production capacity ".(General Office of the State Council is about the instruction (Office of the State Council's hair for greatly developing assembled architecture (2016) No. 71)), using fabricated construction, standardized designs, batch production even commercialization production, assembling may be implemented and apply Work, integrated finishing, information system management, intelligent Application, effectively improve construction efficiency, reduce cost, energy saving and resource, Building waste and the adverse effect etc. to environment are reduced, is upgraded technologies and construction quality, building industry transition and upgrade is promoted.
Building industrialization is the developing direction of future architecture industry, and assembled architecture be also in recent years each research institutions and The hot spot of mechanism, building enterprise Development Practice, various prefabricated components forms and type be abundant, novel, high-quality, different properties Prefabricated components product quickly grows and is widely applied, but since China is in assembled architecture field basis weak starting evening, at this Field is there is also many deficiencies, such as the fabricated construction method that generallys use grout sleeve of existing framed building, is filling When with construction, needs to reserve the reinforcing bar stretched out on prefabricated components, be then plugged into the reinforcing bar on prefabricated components and its aperture In the preformed hole of another corresponding prefabricated component, then again in link position perfusion high-strength cement the two to be fixedly connected.
But during practical set, since the reinforcing bar stretched out on prefabricated components is in production, transport, installation process It is easy to produce bending, stretches out the deviation of reinforcing bar verticality, so that during in the preformed hole for being plugged into corresponding prefabricated components, The problem of often grafting is not in place, causes assembly difficulty.Even if after grafting in place, in the process toward perfusion high-strength cement in sleeve In, it is difficult review and judges whether perfusion in place, assembled with enough stablizing the two, influences to assemble there are uncertain security risk The quality of building.Moreover, having very high want to construction technology, the technology of construction personnel and sense of responsibility in the construction process It asks, but this sense of responsibility by people rather than the mode of rules and regulations itself will lead to very big hidden danger, in real operation It occurred as soon as and is difficult to pull case vertical, that construction team privately cuts off the reinforcing bar because stretching reinforcing bar camber is excessive, although completing Construction, but this huge safe mass problem has endless trouble.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment of the present invention is designed to provide a kind of fabricated shear wall and its construction method, to solve existing assembly Assembly difficulty present in formula shear wall interconnection technique is big, effect is poor, the problems such as can not checking.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, first aspect present invention provides a kind of fabricated shear wall, including shear wall Body, the first U-shaped shear wall cap body and the first connector of H-type for connecting two neighbouring shear walls, the first connection Part includes two the first side plates being oppositely arranged and the inner wall intermediate bulkhead connected vertically with the first side plate, so that first connects Fitting is constructed to H-type, and the space between two opposite first side plates is divided into two independent installation cavitys, cut when two by partition When power wall is vertically connected with, the downside of upper shear wall is fixedly mounted on an installation cavity after installing a first shear wall cap body Interior, the upside of lower shear wall is fixedly mounted in another installation cavity after installing another the first shear wall cap body.
In addition, above-mentioned fabricated shear wall can also have the following additional technical features: according to the present invention
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first reinforcing bar being connect with default floor, on the outer wall of first side plate It is provided with the bracket for accepting the floor end, the bracket includes support plate and is arranged in being spaced in the support plate Several ribs, the lower surface of floor end is bonded with the upper surface of the support plate, on the first reinforcing bar and the floor Dowel binding is integrally formed, and the rib is vertical with the support plate to be connect, and the bracket is fixed on by the rib On first side plate.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the top and the bottom of two the first side plates open up respectively several reinforcing bar through holes with And filling concrete hole, and reinforcing bar through hole on two the first side plates, filling concrete hole open up position, opening size one One is corresponding, and reinforcing bar through hole, filling concrete hole are connected to installation cavity respectively.
According to one embodiment of present invention, fabricated shear wall further includes the second connector, and the second connector passes through the One screw is connect with shear wall, and one end of the second connector has crotch can bind with the reinforcing bar of shear wall, and first Several the first screw holes are opened up on side plate, the other end of the second connector opens up the second screw hole, and the first shear wall cap body includes two The second side plate being oppositely arranged opens up several third screw holes on the second side plate, and the second connector is installed on from third screw hole In one shear wall cap body, and crotch is located at the inner cavity of the first shear wall cap body, and the first screw sequentially passes through the first screw hole, the second spiral shell Hole is to connect the first connector, shear wall.
According to one embodiment of present invention, fabricated shear wall further includes connecting two adjacent shear walls of left and right H-type third connector, wherein the right side of left shear wall is mounted on third connector after installing a first shear wall cap body again An installation cavity in, the left side of right shear wall is mounted on third connector after installing another the first shear wall cap body again In another installation cavity.
According to one embodiment of present invention, fabricated shear wall further includes the first clamping plate of "-" type, and first clamps Plate connects two adjacent shear walls of left and right by the second screw, opens up several the 4th screw holes on the first clamping plate, shears The partial sidewall of wall protrudes above setting buttcover plate, and the crotch on the second connector can be connect with the reinforcing bar in buttcover plate, right Several the 5th screw holes are opened up on fishplate bar, the buttcover plate of two adjacent shear walls of left and right, which misplaces, to be docked, and two first folders Tight plate is born against in the outer plate surface of two buttcover plates, the second screw sequentially pass through first clamping plate the 4th screw hole, 4th screw hole of the 5th screw hole of one buttcover plate, the 5th screw hole of another buttcover plate and another the first clamping plate with By the adjacent two shear walls connection in left and right.
According to one embodiment of present invention, fabricated shear wall further includes second clamping plate an of L-type, and one second Clamping plate can connect two shear walls of L-type corner and organize l-shaped building body by third screw, the second clamping plate Two side plates on open up several the 6th screw holes, the first shear wall is installed respectively on two shear wall side walls of corner Cap body, and a side plate of the second clamping plate is on second side plate on the corner, another side of the second clamping plate Plate on second side plate of on the corner another the first shear wall cap body, third screw sequentially pass through the 6th screw hole with And second screw hole with by two shear walls of corner connect.
According to one embodiment of present invention, fabricated shear wall further includes the third clamping plate of "-" type, and third clamps Plate, the second clamping plate can connect three shear walls and composition T font building body by the 4th screw, wherein two levels Shear wall on direction installs the first shear wall cap body respectively, and the shear wall in another vertical direction is installed U-shaped Three side plates of the second shear wall cap body, the second shear wall cap body open up several screw holes, and the shear wall in vertical direction The end of body is located between two shear walls in horizontal direction, the side plate of two the first shear wall cap bodies in horizontal direction The stationary plane of T font building body, third clamping plate and stationary plane are constituted with the side plate of the second shear wall cap body in vertical direction It is spirally connected, and two shear walls of corner are connected by the second clamping plate of L-type.
According to one embodiment of present invention, fabricated shear wall further includes the second clamping plate of at least four L-types, and one Second clamping plate can connect two shear walls and the cross building body of composition of L-type corner by third screw, and second Several the 6th screw holes are opened up on two side plates of clamping plate, are installed respectively on two shear wall side walls in horizontal direction First shear wall cap body, two shear walls in vertical direction install U-shaped third shear wall cap body, the second shear wall respectively Two side plates of cap body open up screw hole, and the end of two in vertical direction shear wall is located at two in horizontal direction Between shear wall, and a side plate of the second clamping plate is against one of a first shear wall cap body in the horizontal direction On second side plate, another side plate of the second clamping plate is against a side of a third shear wall cap body in vertical direction On plate, a part of third screw sequentially passes through the 6th screw hole and the second screw hole with by a side plate of the second clamping plate and horizontal The second side plate connection of the first shear wall cap body, another part third screw sequentially pass through the 6th screw hole and third on direction Screw hole in shear wall cap body is with by the side plate of third shear wall cap body on another side plate of the second clamping plate and vertical direction Connection.
Second aspect of the present invention additionally provides a kind of construction method of fabricated shear wall, is cut by above-described assembled Power wall is constructed, comprising the following steps:
First shear wall cap body is fixedly installed in the upper and lower sides of shear wall, and uses the first connector and the first shearing Several the first reinforcing bars are run through the first connector from reinforcing bar through hole by the connection of crest table body, and the first reinforcing bar stretches out shear wall The length of two sides meets the length of related specification requirement;
The floor for being banded with the second reinforcing bar is mounted on the supporting plate, and will be on the second reinforcing bar and shear wall on floor The first reinforced-bar binding form integrated steel mesh, and then by the floor of shear wall and shear wall two sides be connected as one it is whole Construction is completed in body, concrete perfusion and molding of vibrating on steel mesh and floor after floating, floor is poured with shear wall to be become One entirety, and become a part of fabricated shear wall.
After the completion of shear wall and concrete floor slab placement, another shear wall is inserted into the first connector from top to bottom, makes the It twists and is solidly connected with the first screw after one shear wall cap body is corresponding with the first connector position, the assembled for completing shear wall up and down connects It connects.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages:
1, standardization, commercialization fabricated shear wall system be adapted to the needs of various building sizes so that basic Brick body production becomes the modern industrial process of mass, commercialization, while fabricated shear wall quality is greatly improved, It greatly reduces the production cost of fabricated shear wall and improves flexibility, need to customize relative to existing prefabricated components For production, production capacity needs are adjusted with construction demand, the variation of Wave crest and wave trough formula is often presented in plant produced, factory can basis Its production capacity oepration at full load, improves the production efficiency of factory;
2, compared with existing grout sleeve method, the present invention connects neighbouring two by I-shaped first connector Block shear wall, this assembly method can also can solve two pieces of shearings to avoid the problem of reinforcing bar grafting difficulty in the prior art Wall junction joints cement quality such as can not check, is uncontrollable at the problem of of influencing assembling quality.Fabricated shear wall of the invention Accurate, stubborn fixing bolt, which need to only be aligned, can be completed construction, and assembling process is fast accurate, reduces difficulty of construction, and assembling quality can To control, check, the quality of assembly ensure that.
3, it twists solid mode using bolt due to assembly of shear wall structure to connect, shear wall passes through I-shaped first Connector overlaps up and down, is not limited by the solidification cycle of concrete, and then construction can carry out next layer after completing one layer Construction, highly shortened the construction period of assembly of shear wall structure.
Detailed description of the invention
By reading hereafter detailed description of preferred embodiment, various other advantages and benefits skill common for this field Art personnel will become clear.Attached drawing is only used for showing the purpose of preferred embodiment, and is not considered as to limit of the invention System.And throughout the drawings, the same reference numbers will be used to refer to the same parts.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of fabricated shear wall in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the explosive view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the first screw and the second connector;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of non-assembling reinforcement in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the mated condition schematic diagram of the reinforcing bar and the first shear wall cap body in Fig. 1 in shear wall;
Fig. 6 is the assembly explosive view 1 of two adjacent shear walls of left and right;
Fig. 7 is the assembly explosive view 2 of two adjacent shear walls of left and right;
Fig. 8 is the assembly explosive view of T font building body;
Fig. 9 is the installation diagram of T font building body;
Figure 10 is the assembly explosive view of cross building body;
Figure 11 is the installation diagram of cross building body;
Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of floor bottom mould block;
Figure 13 is partial enlarged view of the Figure 12 at A;
Figure 14 is the top view of floor;
Figure 15 is the top view of third connector;
Figure 16 is the structural schematic diagram that Fig. 1 does not bind the first reinforcing bar, the second reinforcing bar.
Specific embodiment
Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure are described in more detail below with reference to accompanying drawings.Although showing the disclosure in attached drawing Exemplary embodiment, it being understood, however, that may be realized in various forms the disclosure without should be by embodiments set forth here It is limited.On the contrary, these embodiments are provided to facilitate a more thoroughly understanding of the present invention, and can be by the scope of the present disclosure It is fully disclosed to those skilled in the art.
It should be understood that purpose of the term used herein merely for description specific example embodiments, and have no intention to carry out Limitation.Unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular " one " as used in the text, "one" and " described " Can indicate to include plural form.The terms "include", "comprise" and " having " are inclusives, and therefore indicate and stated Feature, element and/or component presence, but presence is not precluded or adds one or more of the other feature, element, portion Part, and/or their combination.
In the description of the present invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " setting ", " connection " should do broad sense reason Solution may be a detachable connection for example, it may be being fixedly connected or integral type connects;It can be directly connected, it can also be with Indirectly connected through an intermediary.To those skilled in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood in this hair as the case may be Concrete meaning in bright.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance Or implicitly indicate the quantity of indicated technical characteristic.Define " first " as a result, " second ", feature can be expressed or Person implicitly includes one or more of the features.In the description of the present invention, the meaning of " plurality " is at least two, such as Two, three etc., unless otherwise specifically defined.
For ease of description, an element as illustrated in the diagram can be described use space relativeness term in the text Either feature is, for example, "bottom", " preceding ", "upper", " inclines relative to another element or the relationship of feature, these relativeness terms Tiltedly ", "lower", "top", "inner", "horizontal", "outside" etc..This spatial correlation term is intended to include the orientation except describing in figure Except the different direction of mechanism in use or operation.For example, be described as if the mechanism in figure is overturn " Below other elements or feature " either the element " below other elements or feature " will then be orientated " in other members Above part or feature " either " above other elements or feature ".Therefore, exemplary term " in ... lower section " may include In orientation upper and under.
As shown in Fig. 1~2, embodiment according to a first aspect of the present invention, the first aspect of the present invention provides a kind of dress With formula shear wall 100, including two shear wall 12, the first U-shaped shear wall cap body 13 and connection neighbouring shearings The first connector of H-type 14 of wall 12, the first connector 14 include two the first side plates 140 being oppositely arranged and with the first side The inner wall of plate 140 intermediate bulkhead 141 connected vertically, so that first connector 14 is constructed to H-type, partition 141 is by two Space between opposite first side plate 140 is divided into two independent installation cavitys, when two shear walls 12 are vertically connected with, on The downside of shear wall is fixedly mounted in an installation cavity after installing a first shear wall cap body 13, lower shear wall it is upper Side is fixedly mounted in another installation cavity after installing another the first shear wall cap body 13.
It should be noted that in embodiments of the present invention, shear wall 12 can be in cuboid, the first shear wall cap body 13 It can be the cap body of steel material preparation, but therefore the present embodiment is not limited, and shear wall 12 can also be in square, first Shear wall cap body 13 is also possible to other materials and produces to obtain, and those skilled in the art can according to need flexible choice.
According to one embodiment of present invention, with continued reference to Fig. 2, fabricated shear wall 100 further includes and default floor 15 First reinforcing bar 152 of connection is provided with the bracket 16 for accepting 15 end of floor, bracket 16 on the outer wall of the first side plate 140 Including support plate 160 and in several ribs 161 spaced in support plate 160, the lower surface of 15 end of floor and branch The upper surface of fagging 160 is bonded, and the first reinforcing bar 152 is integrally formed with the dowel binding on floor 15, rib 161 and support Plate 160 vertically connects, and bracket 16 is fixed on the first side plate 140 by rib 161.Specifically, rib 161 and support plate 160 form L bracket 16, and rib 161 is closely attached on the lower wall of the first side plate 140, and rib 161 passes through with the first side plate 140 Screw is fixed.
As seen in figures 3-5, according to one embodiment of present invention, fabricated shear wall 100 further includes the second connector 18, the second connector 18 is connect by the first screw 17 with shear wall 12, and one end of the second connector 18 has crotch 180 Can bind with the reinforcing bar 120 of shear wall 12, several first screw holes 142, the second connection are opened up on the first side plate 140 The other end of part 18 opens up the second screw hole 181, and offers screw thread on the other end of the second connector 18, which surrounds second Screw hole 181 and set, the first shear wall cap body 13 includes two the second side plates 130 being oppositely arranged, and is opened up on the second side plate 130 several A third screw hole 131, the second connector 18 are installed in the first shear wall cap body 13 from third screw hole 131, and crotch 180 In the inner cavity of the first shear wall cap body 13, the first screw 17 sequentially passes through the first screw hole 142, the second screw hole 181 to connect first Fitting 14, shear wall 12 connect.
As shown in fig. 6, according to one embodiment of present invention, fabricated shear wall 100 further includes that connection left and right is adjacent The H-type third connector 19 of two shear walls 12, wherein install a first shear wall cap body 13 in the right side of left shear wall It is mounted on again in an installation cavity of third connector 19 afterwards, another the first shearing crest table 15 is installed in the left side of right shear wall It is mounted on again after body in another installation cavity of third connector 19.
As shown in fig. 7, according to another embodiment of the invention, fabricated shear wall 100 further includes the first of "-" type Clamping plate 20, the first clamping plate 20 are linked together two adjacent shear walls 12 of left and right by the second screw 21, and first Several the 4th screw holes 201 are offered on clamping plate 20, the partial sidewall of shear wall 12 protrudes above setting buttcover plate 121, the Crotch 180 on two connectors 18 can be connect with the reinforcing bar in buttcover plate 121, several the 5th spiral shells are opened up on buttcover plate 121 Hole 122, the buttcover plate of two adjacent shear walls 12 of left and right, which misplaces, to be docked, and two the first clamping plates 20 are born against in two In the outer plate surface of a buttcover plate 121, the 4th screw hole 201, one that the second screw 21 sequentially passes through first clamping plate 20 is right The of 5th screw hole 122 of fishplate bar 121, the 5th screw hole 122 of another buttcover plate 121 and another the first clamping plate 20 Four screw holes 201 are to connect two adjacent shear walls 12 of left and right.It should be noted that the first clamping plate 20, buttcover plate 121 It is set to the top of partition 141, and the outer plate surface of the first clamping plate 20 is concordant with the wall face of shear wall 12.
According to another embodiment of the invention, fabricated shear wall 100 further includes second clamping plate 22 an of L-type, One the second clamping plate 22 can be connected two shear walls 12 of L-type corner and be formed by third screw (not showing in figure) L-type building body opens up several the 6th screw holes 220, two shear walls of corner on two side plates of the second clamping plate 22 First shear wall cap body 13 is installed respectively, and a side plate of the second clamping plate 22 is against one on the corner on 12 side wall of body On a second side plate 130, another side plate of the second clamping plate 22 is against on the corner another the first shear wall cap body 13 On one the second side plate 130, third screw sequentially passes through the 6th screw hole 220 and the second screw hole 181 for two of corner Shear wall 12 connects.
As shown in Fig. 8~9, according to another embodiment of the invention, fabricated shear wall 100 further includes the of "-" type Three clamping plates 23, third clamping plate 23, the second clamping plate 22 can connect three shear walls by the 4th screw (not showing in figure) Body 12 simultaneously forms T font building body, wherein the shear wall 12 in two horizontal directions installs the first shear wall cap body respectively 13, the shear wall 12 in another vertical direction installs the second U-shaped shear wall cap body 24, the second shear wall cap body 24 Three side plates open up several screw holes, and the end of the shear wall 12 in vertical direction is located at two in horizontal direction The second shearing between shear wall 12, on the side plate and vertical direction of two the first shear wall cap bodies 13 in horizontal direction The side plate of crest table body 24 constitutes the stationary plane of T font building body, and third clamping plate 23 is spirally connected with stationary plane, and two of corner Shear wall 12 is connected by the second clamping plate 22 of L-type.
As shown in Figure 10~11, according to another embodiment of the invention, fabricated shear wall 100 further includes at least four Second clamping plate 22 of L-type, second clamping plate 22 can connect L-type corner by third screw (not showing in figure) Two shear walls 12 simultaneously form cross building body, open up several the 6th spiral shells on two side plates of the second clamping plate 22 Hole 220, installs the first shear wall cap body 13 on two 12 side walls of shear wall in horizontal direction respectively, and two in vertical direction A shear wall 12 installs U-shaped third shear wall cap body 26 respectively, and three side plates of third shear wall cap body 26 open up spiral shell Hole, and the end of two shear walls 12 in vertical direction is located between two shear walls 12 in horizontal direction, and the Second side plate 130 of one side plate of two clamping plates 22 against a first shear wall cap body 12 in the horizontal direction On, the side plate of another side plate of the second clamping plate 22 against a third shear wall cap body 26 in vertical direction On, a part of third screw sequentially passes through the 6th screw hole 220 and the second screw hole 181 with by a side of the second clamping plate 22 Plate is connect with the second side plate of the first shear wall cap body 12 in horizontal direction, and another part third screw sequentially passes through the 6th spiral shell Screw hole on hole and third shear wall cap body 26 is to cut another side plate of the second clamping plate 22 with third in vertical direction The side plate of power crest table body 26 connects.
Refering to fig. 1 2~13, according to one embodiment of present invention, floor 15 includes the 4th connector 150 and floor bottom Module 151;Wherein, floor bottom mould block 151 includes rectangular plate body 1510, opens up mounting groove 1511 in the quadrangle of plate body 1510, Two edge lengths of each mounting groove 1511 along four angles are identical, and the short transverse for being centered at four angles is located in same level; 4th connector 150 is respectively arranged in the mounting groove 1511 of at least two adjacent floor bottom mould blocks 151 to connect at least two Adjacent floor deck bed die block 151,1510 lower surface of square plate are bonded with the upper surface of support plate 160.
In one embodiment of the invention, tongue-and-groove 1512, the length of tongue-and-groove 1512 are opened up in 1,510 4 flank side surface of plate body Between the mounting groove 1511 facing each other of four angles, the bottom wall of tongue-and-groove 1512 protrudes horizontally outward forms tenon 1515, and two The notch of tongue-and-groove 1512 on opposite flank is towards on the contrary, tenon 1515 is adapted with the position of tongue-and-groove 1512, shape.
Specifically, during assembling floor bottom mould block, the tenon 1515 on the one side of a plate body 1510 is taken Into the tongue-and-groove 1512 of another piece of 1510 one side of plate body, such two boards body 1510 is mutually embedded on the direction of back and forth or left and right Form Tenon overlap joint.
Since in this way, another piece of adjacent plate body 1510 on any one plate body 1510 and front-rear direction or left and right directions Overlap joint can be realized by tenon 1515, tongue-and-groove 1512.Since tenon 1515, the position of tongue-and-groove 1512, shape are adapted, in this way After overlap joint between any two boards body 1510, plane where lap-joint can keep smooth with 1510 top and bottom of plate body, It is uneven after avoiding two boards body 1510 from overlapping, to realize that close join of plate body 1510 connects.
It is noted that the node of mortise-tenon joint is firm, the contact surface of two boards body 1510 is big, effectively absorbs and divides Lateral, the vertical or slanting shearing force of connected plate body 1510 is solved.
Not therefore in one embodiment of the invention, mounting groove 1511 can be square, but the embodiment of the present invention It is limited, mounting groove 1511 is also possible to L shape, rectangular or fan-shaped.
In another embodiment of the present invention, mounting groove 1511 has adjacent upper cell wall 1514 and lower cell wall 1515, L-type notch 1516 is opened up in upper 1514 end corner of cell wall, two side lengths of L-type notch 1516 are identical.
In one embodiment of the invention, as shown in Figure 14~15, the 4th connector 150 may include square installing plate 1501 and cross reinforcement installation bracket 1502, reinforcement installation bracket 1502 is fixed on the interposition of 1501 upper surface of mounting plate It sets, and mounting plate 1501 is divided into four parts, open up reinforcing bar on four third side plates 1503 of reinforcement installation bracket 1502 and tie up Hole 1504 is pricked, four parts of mounting plate 1501 are respectively arranged in the mounting groove 1511 of the adjacent floor bottom mould block 151 in front and rear, left and right It is interior.It should be noted that in the present embodiment, mounting groove 1511 can be square, and the shape of mounting groove 1511, size and peace Shape, the size of loading board 1501 are consistent, and 151 turns of four floor bottom mould blocks can be inserted in four parts of such mounting plate 1501 In mounting groove 1511 at angle, meanwhile, adjacent floor bottom mould block 151 realizes assembly by way of lapping one another, last real The assembly of existing floor bottom mould block and mounting plate 1501.It is worth noting that, in order to facilitate the interspersed of reinforcing bar, reinforcement installation bracket Reinforcing bar binding hole 1504 on 1502 protrudes from floor bottom mould block 151.
Further, with continued reference to Fig. 1~2, several the first reinforcing bars 152 sequentially pass through reinforcing bar binding hole 1504.Specifically Ground, on the criss-cross reinforcement installation brackets 1502 being set on floor bottom mould block 151 of several the first reinforcing bars 152.
In another embodiment of the present invention, the 4th connector 150 is not limited solely to square installing plate 1501 and ten Font reinforcing bar mounting bracket 1502, the 4th connector 150 also may include T-shaped mounting plate and T-shaped reinforcement installation bracket, Reinforcement installation bracket is fixed on the middle position of mounting plate, opens up reinforcing bar on three third side plates 1503 of reinforcement installation bracket and ties up Hole 1504 is pricked, mounting plate is respectively arranged in the mounting groove of the adjacent floor bottom mould block in back and forth or left and right.In the present embodiment, Four connectors 150 can be used for connecting the rectangular floor bottom mould block in front and back or left and right.I.e. floor bottom mould block passes through the 4th connection The splicing of front-rear direction or left and right directions may be implemented in part 150.
In another embodiment of the present invention, as shown in Figure 14~15, the 4th connector 150 can also include cross Mounting plate and cross reinforcement installation bracket, reinforcement installation bracket are fixed on the middle position of mounting plate, reinforcement installation bracket Four third side plates 1503 on open up reinforcing bar binding hole 1504, four parts of mounting plate be respectively arranged in front and rear, left and right it is adjacent Floor bottom mould block mounting groove 1511 in, and reinforcing bar binding hole 1504 protrude from except floor bottom mould block 151.
In another embodiment of the invention, the present embodiment is related to a kind of floor construction method, by several pieces of floor bottom moulds Block is constructed, specifically includes the following steps:
According to room-sized, floor bottom mould block 151 is stitched together with the 4th connector 150, the floor on peripheral four sides Bed die block 151 can be cut according to standard width of a room in an old-style house size, and several articles of the first reinforcing bars 152 are sequentially placed into the 4th connector 150 and are led to Cross reinforcing bar binding hole 1504 and the 4th connector 150 bound together, so with the floor that is spliced by floor bottom mould block 151 It links together, the reinforcing bar of vertical and horizontal racking seizing together forms the first force-applied steel mesh, after cutting adjustment size Floor 15 is formed, it is spare.
According to one embodiment of present invention, with continued reference to Figure 16, the top half of two the first side plates 140 opens up respectively Several reinforcing bar through holes 143 and filling concrete hole 144, and the reinforcing bar through hole 143 on two the first side plates 140 is opened If position corresponds, the filling concrete hole 144 on two the first side plates 140 opens up position, opening size corresponds, Reinforcing bar through hole 143 and filling concrete hole 144 are connected to installation cavity respectively.Specifically, the shear wall 12 being located above is set It is placed on partition 141, forms cavity, reinforcing bar through hole 143 and filling concrete hole 144 between shear wall 12 and partition 141 It is connected to cavity.Cavity is a part of top installation cavity, and filling concrete hole 144 can be square hole, several the second steel Muscle 25 passes through one of reinforcing bar through hole 143 on the first side plate 140, cavity, the reinforcing bar on another first side plate 140 Through hole 144, and the end of several the second reinforcing bars 25 extends respectively to except two the first side plates 140, when completion shear wall On steel bar arrangement after, then by the overlapping edges of floor 15 in the upper surface of support plate 140, at this time by the first steel on floor 15 Muscle 152 and the first steel mesh bundle to form the second bigger steel mesh, are perfused between the first steel mesh and floor bottom mould block 151 Concrete, concrete slowly enter in cavity along filling concrete hole 144, then flow into 14 other side of the first connector by cavity The first steel mesh and floor bottom mould block 151 between, molding of vibrating, after floating complete concrete perfusion, finally realize floor With the unified entirety of shear wall.
Embodiment according to a second aspect of the present invention, the second aspect of the present invention additionally provide a kind of fabricated shear wall Construction method is constructed by above-described fabricated shear wall, specifically includes the following steps:
First shear wall cap body is fixedly installed in the upper and lower sides of shear wall, and uses the first connector and the first shearing Several the first reinforcing bars are run through the first connector from reinforcing bar through hole by the connection of crest table body, and the first reinforcing bar stretches out shear wall The length of two sides meets the length of related specification requirement;
The floor for being banded with the second reinforcing bar is mounted on the supporting plate, and will be on the second reinforcing bar and shear wall on floor The first reinforced-bar binding form integrated steel mesh, and then by the floor of shear wall and shear wall two sides be connected as one it is whole Construction is completed in body, concrete perfusion and molding of vibrating on steel mesh and floor after floating, after the completion of construction, floor and shearing Wall is poured as an entirety, and becomes a part of fabricated shear wall.
After the completion of shear wall and concrete floor slab placement, another shear wall is inserted into the first connector from top to bottom, makes the It twists and is solidly connected with the first screw after one shear wall cap body is corresponding with the first connector position, the assembled for completing shear wall up and down connects It connects.
The above, preferable specific embodiment only of the invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, appoints In the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, any changes or substitutions that can be easily thought of, all by what those familiar with the art It is covered by the protection scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be with the scope of protection of the claims Subject to.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of fabricated shear wall, which is characterized in that including shear wall, the first U-shaped shear wall cap body and connection two The first connector of H-type of a neighbouring shear wall, first connector include two first be oppositely arranged Side plate and inner wall intermediate bulkhead connected vertically with first side plate, so that first connecting piece structure becomes H-type, Space between two relatively described first side plates is divided into two independent installation cavitys by the partition, when on two shear walls When lower connection, the downside of upper shear wall is fixedly mounted on the installation cavity after installing the first shear wall cap body Interior, the upside of lower shear wall is fixedly mounted on another described installation cavity after installing another described first shear wall cap body It is interior.
2. fabricated shear wall according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fabricated shear wall further includes and presets First reinforcing bar of floor connection is provided with the bracket for accepting the floor end on the outer wall of first side plate, described Bracket includes support plate and in several ribs spaced in the support plate, the lower surface of the floor end and institute State support plate upper surface fitting, first reinforcing bar on the floor dowel binding be integrally formed, the rib and The support plate vertically connects, and the bracket is fixed on first side plate by the rib.
3. fabricated shear wall according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the top and the bottom difference of two first side plates Several reinforcing bar through holes and filling concrete hole are opened up, and reinforcing bar through hole, concrete on two first side plates Fill orifice open up position, opening size correspond, the reinforcing bar through hole, filling concrete hole respectively with the installation cavity Connection.
4. fabricated shear wall according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fabricated shear wall further includes the second company Fitting, second connector are connect by the first screw with the shear wall, and one end of second connector has curved Hook opens up several first screw holes can bind with the reinforcing bar of the shear wall on first side plate, described second connects The other end of fitting opens up the second screw hole, and the first shear wall cap body includes two the second side plates being oppositely arranged, and described second Several third screw holes are opened up on side plate, second connector is installed on the first shear wall cap body from the third screw hole It is interior, and the crotch is located at the inner cavity of the first shear wall cap body, first screw sequentially passes through first screw hole, institute The second screw hole is stated to connect first connector, shear wall.
5. fabricated shear wall according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the fabricated shear wall further includes that connection is left The H-type third connector of right two adjacent shear walls, wherein install first shearing in the right side of left shear wall Be mounted on again after crest table body in an installation cavity of the third connector, the left side of right shear wall install another described It is mounted on again after one shear wall cap body in another installation cavity of the third connector.
6. fabricated shear wall according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the fabricated shear wall further includes "-" type The first clamping plate, first clamping plate connects adjacent two shear walls in left and right by the second screw, described the Opening up several the 4th screw holes on one clamping plate, the partial sidewall of the shear wall protrudes above setting buttcover plate, and described second Crotch on connector can be connect with the reinforcing bar in the buttcover plate, several the 5th screw holes are opened up on the buttcover plate, left The buttcover plate of right two adjacent shear walls, which misplaces, to be docked, and two first clamping plates are born against in two institutes It states in the outer plate surface of buttcover plate, second screw sequentially passes through the 4th screw hole of first clamping plate, a docking 4th screw hole of the 5th screw hole of plate, the 5th screw hole of another buttcover plate and another first clamping plate is with will be left Right two adjacent shear wall connections.
7. fabricated shear wall according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the fabricated shear wall further includes a L Second clamping plate of type, second clamping plate can connect two shearings of L-type corner by third screw Wall simultaneously organizes l-shaped building body, opens up several the 6th screw holes on two side plates of second clamping plate, and the two of corner First shear wall cap body is installed respectively, and a side plate of second clamping plate is resisted against and turns on a shear wall side wall On second side plate at angle, another side plate of second clamping plate is against on the corner another the first shearing crest table On one the second side plate of body, the third screw sequentially passes through the 6th screw hole and second screw hole with by corner Two shear walls connections.
8. fabricated shear wall according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the fabricated shear wall further includes "-" type Third clamping plate, the third clamping plate, second clamping plate can connect three shear walls by the 4th screw Body and composition T font building body, wherein the shear wall in two horizontal directions installs the first shear wall cap body respectively, in addition Shear wall in one vertical direction installs the second U-shaped shear wall cap body, three side plates of the second shear wall cap body Open up several screw holes, and the end of the shear wall in vertical direction be located at two shear walls in horizontal direction it Between, the side plate of the second shear wall cap body on the side plate and vertical direction of two the first shear wall cap bodies in horizontal direction is constituted The stationary plane of T font building body, the third clamping plate are spirally connected with the stationary plane, and two shear walls of corner pass through Second clamping plate of L-type connects.
9. fabricated shear wall according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the fabricated shear wall further includes at least four Second clamping plate of a L-type, second clamping plate can be connected by third screw and be cut described in two of L-type corner Power wall and the cross building body of composition offer several the 6th screw holes, water on two side plates of second clamping plate The first shear wall cap body, two shear walls in vertical direction are installed respectively on square two upward shear wall side walls Body installs U-shaped third shear wall cap body respectively, and two side plates of the third shear wall cap body open up screw hole, and Vertical Square The end of two upward shear walls is located between two shear walls in horizontal direction, and the one of second clamping plate A side plate on second side plate of a first shear wall cap body in the horizontal direction, second clamping plate it is another One side plate on a side plate of a third shear wall cap body in vertical direction, a part of third screw according to Secondary the 6th screw hole and second screw hole of passing through is with by a side plate of the second clamping plate and horizontal direction described the Second side plate of one shear wall cap body connects, and third screw described in another part sequentially passes through the 6th screw hole and third Screw hole in shear wall cap body is with by the third shear wall cap body on another side plate of the second clamping plate and vertical direction Side plate connection.
10. a kind of construction method of fabricated shear wall, which is characterized in that by fabricated shear wall as stated in claim 2 It constructs, comprising the following steps:
First shear wall cap body is fixedly installed in the upper and lower sides of shear wall, and uses the first connector and first shearing Crest table body connection, by several the first reinforcing bars from reinforcing bar through hole run through first connector, the first reinforcing bar stretch out described in The length of shear wall two sides meets the length of related specification requirement;
The floor for being banded with the second reinforcing bar is articulated in the support plate, and the second reinforcing bar on the floor is cut with described The first reinforced-bar binding on power wall forms integrated steel mesh, and then by the shear wall and the shear wall two sides Floor is connected as an entirety, concrete perfusion and molding of vibrating on the steel mesh and floor, and construction, institute are completed after floating It states floor and the shear wall is poured as an entirety, and become a part of fabricated shear wall.
After the completion of the shear wall and the concrete floor slab placement, another described shear wall is inserted into described first from top to bottom Connector is twisted with first screw after keeping the first shear wall cap body corresponding with the first connector position and is solidly connected, and is completed The assembled connection of upper and lower shear wall.
CN201910646411.0A 2019-07-17 2019-07-17 Fabricated shear wall and construction method thereof Active CN110273466B (en)

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CN111188405A (en) * 2020-01-03 2020-05-22 中国矿业大学 FRP sheet connecting structure and method for prefabricated linear shear wall-composite floor system
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CN111519789A (en) * 2020-04-27 2020-08-11 金点石(北京)建筑设计咨询服务有限责任公司 Shear wall positioning base, building and construction method thereof

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