CN110255387A - One kind is for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure and elevating method - Google Patents

One kind is for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure and elevating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110255387A
CN110255387A CN201910508978.1A CN201910508978A CN110255387A CN 110255387 A CN110255387 A CN 110255387A CN 201910508978 A CN201910508978 A CN 201910508978A CN 110255387 A CN110255387 A CN 110255387A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
climbing frame
lifting column
fixture block
cylinder
hydraulic cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910508978.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汪鼎华
丁宁
武旭龙
董善白
仲继寿
朱毅敏
王小安
常淋润
孙诚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Xiepeng Architecture And Engineering Design Co Ltd Futian Branch
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Xiepeng Architecture And Engineering Design Co Ltd Futian Branch
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen Xiepeng Architecture And Engineering Design Co Ltd Futian Branch filed Critical Shenzhen Xiepeng Architecture And Engineering Design Co Ltd Futian Branch
Priority to CN201910508978.1A priority Critical patent/CN110255387A/en
Publication of CN110255387A publication Critical patent/CN110255387A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C17/00Overhead travelling cranes comprising one or more substantially horizontal girders the ends of which are directly supported by wheels or rollers running on tracks carried by spaced supports
    • B66C17/04Overhead travelling cranes comprising one or more substantially horizontal girders the ends of which are directly supported by wheels or rollers running on tracks carried by spaced supports with lifting beams, e.g. slewable beams, carrying load-engaging elements, e.g. magnets, hooks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G1/00Scaffolds primarily resting on the ground
    • E04G1/18Scaffolds primarily resting on the ground adjustable in height

Abstract

It hands over and is used for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure the present invention relates to a kind of, including lifting column, outer climbing frame and gantry crane, lifting column is that multiple cubes of frames are bolted, lifting column is fixed on wall by fixed wall-attaching equipment, lifting column is fixed on ground, standard interface is provided on the outside of outer climbing frame, for removably vertically connecting casting platform and external mold platform, outer climbing frame is detachably connected on lifting column, directive wheel is set on the outside of lifting column, outer climbing frame includes upper climbing frame and lower climbing frame, upper climbing frame is connected with lower climbing frame by jacking hydraulic cylinder, the upper climbing frame fixture block of upper climbing frame is removably connect with lifting column card slot, upper climbing frame fixture block is hinged on the inner top side of climbing frame, upper climbing frame fixture block connects lower climbing frame side by telescopic oil cylinder, crossbeam is arranged in the outside of lifting column, the track of gantry crane is located on crossbeam.Using the combination of jacking hydraulic cylinder and telescopic oil cylinder, climbing frame band moving platform synchronizes to climb the present invention, and construction outrigger integration promotes operating efficiency.

Description

One kind is for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure and elevating method
Technical field
The present invention relates to construction equipment technical fields, same for building machinery and construction more particularly, to one kind Walk lifting structure.
Background technique
The multi-functional Lou Jishi that makes passes through integrated innovation shape based on " making building machine business PC in the air " and mature industry technology At the construction equipment system of Highgrade integration.It can be used for traditional architecture form of construction work, it can also be used to exempt from demoulding system, prefabricated The new industrializations construction method such as assembled architecture, steel building;Suitable for frame structure, shear wall structure, shear force of frame The building structure such as wall construction, steel construction.
The building Multifunctional air Zhong Zao machine is broadly divided into three parts: lifting column, climbing support, each job platform in upper layer.Upper layer Job platform, which is connected by standard interface with climbing support, becomes whole, climbing support and lifting column pass through support device, jacking apparatus, Directive wheel connection.Need increased lifting column deposit in upper platform top, upper layer job platform needs whole hoisting depth When, the operator of top installs increased lifting column, is then controlled by climbing support by intelligent synchronization control system Each layer job platform of itself and connection is jacked up a lifting column height by jacking apparatus, is then opened support device and is being risen It drops on column, whole process is oriented to by directive wheel.Falling process is also similarly.
Existing synchronization lifting structure, each job platform in entire upper layer be in vacant state in lifting process, and steel is put down The larger outstanding height for causing entire platform to be in vacant state of distance is also larger between platform and purlin vehicle orbital platform.To outer sleeve frame and rise While dropping the guiding proposition high requirement of column, higher want also proposed to the synchronism and offset load resistance of jacking hydraulic cylinder It asks.Moreover, needing a coherent movement in lifting process, each deck roof of climbing support and upper layer is risen, adds standard column It falls after rise again afterwards, process is cumbersome.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the shortcomings in the background art, the present invention discloses a kind of for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting Structure realizes construction layer integration with floor synchronization lifting, improves speed, construction safety, high-efficient.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme:
One kind being used for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure, including lifting column, outer climbing frame and gantry crane, the lifting Column is that multiple cubes of frames are bolted, and the lifting column is fixed on wall by fixed wall-attaching equipment, described Lifting column is fixed on ground, and standard interface is provided on the outside of the outer climbing frame, for removably vertically connection casting platform and External mold platform, the outer climbing frame are detachably connected on the lifting column, and directive wheel is arranged on the outside of the lifting column, described outer Climbing frame includes upper climbing frame and lower climbing frame, and the upper climbing frame is connected with the lower climbing frame by jacking hydraulic cylinder, the upper climbing frame Upper climbing frame fixture block is removably connect with lifting column card slot, the lower climbing frame fixture block of the lower climbing frame removably with lifting column card slot Connection, the upper climbing frame fixture block are hinged on the inner top side of climbing frame, and the upper climbing frame fixture block passes through described in telescopic oil cylinder connection Lower climbing frame side, the lower climbing frame fixture block are hinged on the inner top side of lower climbing frame, and the lower climbing frame fixture block is connected by telescopic oil cylinder The lower climbing frame side is connect, crossbeam is arranged in the outside of the lifting column, and the track of the gantry crane is located on the crossbeam.
Preferably, the gantry crane is moved along the track on the crossbeam, on the gantry crane be arranged suspension hook and Trolley.
Preferably, right angle setting top steel platform and purlin vehicle orbital platform, the top steel platform between the lifting column Lower section be slidably installed hanging apparatus.
Preferably, the hanging apparatus is the scissor-type lifting mechanism with pivoting support.
Preferably, it is connect above the hanging apparatus with travelling bogie, travelling bogie is in the top steel platform along rail Road traveling.
Preferably, further include intelligence control system, for control the jacking hydraulic cylinder, the telescopic oil cylinder it is flexible.
The present invention also provides a kind of construction platform climb procedures comprising the steps of:
S1, original state, the upper climbing frame fixture block of upper climbing frame and the lower climbing frame fixture block of lower climbing frame and the clamping of lifting column card slot;
S2, upper climbing frame are begun to ramp up in stretching under cylinder acts on for jacking hydraulic cylinder, and directive wheel provides guiding for upper climbing frame;
Under the effect of telescopic oil cylinder contracting cylinder, upper climbing frame fixture block switchs to vertical state for S3, upper climbing frame, avoids dry with the cross bar of lifting column It relates to, provides and jack at this time hydraulic cylinder by lower climbing frame and support is provided;
Behind S4, upper climbing frame in-position, the upper climbing frame fixture block of upper climbing frame goes to level in stretching under cylinder acts on for telescopic oil cylinder;
Under S5, jacking hydraulic cylinder contracting cylinder effect, upper climbing frame fixture block is fallen into lifting column card slot, with lifting column clamping;
S6, lower climbing frame are begun to ramp up under the contracting cylinder effect of jacking hydraulic cylinder, and directive wheel provides guiding for lower climbing frame;
Under the effect of telescopic oil cylinder contracting cylinder, upper climbing frame fixture block switchs to vertical state for S7, lower climbing frame, avoids dry with the cross bar of lifting column It relates to, provides support by upper climbing frame and jacking hydraulic cylinder at this time;
Behind S8, lower climbing frame in-position, the lower climbing frame fixture block of lower climbing frame goes to level in stretching under cylinder acts on for telescopic oil cylinder;
S9, jacking hydraulic cylinder are stretched under cylinder effect, and upper climbing frame fixture block is fallen into lifting column card slot, with lifting column clamping;
S10, a link of climbing terminate, and above step circulation, climbing frame is constantly promoted along lifting column.
It preferably, further include the increase process of lifting column, step comprises the steps of:
Q1, by gantry crane will increased lifting column be hung on the lifting column for needing to increase height;
Q2, bolt is tightened.
The present invention also provides a kind of construction platform descending methods comprising the steps of:
S1, original state, the upper climbing frame fixture block of the upper climbing frame and the lower climbing frame fixture block 45 of the lower climbing frame and institute State lifting column card slot clamping;
S2, the lower climbing frame are begun to ramp up under the contracting cylinder effect of the jacking hydraulic cylinder, and the directive wheel provides for lower climbing frame Guiding;
Under telescopic oil cylinder contracting cylinder effect, the lower climbing frame fixture block switchs to vertical state, avoids and institute for S3, the lower climbing frame The cross bar interference of lifting column is stated, is provided at this time by the upper climbing frame and jacking hydraulic cylinder provides support;
S4, the lower climbing frame are begun to decline in stretching under cylinder acts on for the jacking hydraulic cylinder, and the directive wheel is the lower climbing frame Guiding is provided;
Behind S5, the lower climbing frame in-position, the lower climbing frame fixture block of the lower climbing frame is made in the cylinder of stretching of the telescopic oil cylinder Level is gone under;
S6, the jacking hydraulic cylinder are stretched under cylinder effect, and the lower climbing frame fixture block is fallen into lifting column card slot, with the lifting column card Tightly;
S7, the upper climbing frame are begun to ramp up in stretching under cylinder acts on for the jacking hydraulic cylinder, and the directive wheel provides for upper climbing frame Guiding;
Under telescopic oil cylinder contracting cylinder effect, the upper climbing frame fixture block switchs to vertical state, avoids and institute for S8, the upper climbing frame The cross bar interference for stating lifting column, provides support by the lower climbing frame and the jacking hydraulic cylinder at this time;
S9, the upper climbing frame are begun to decline under the contracting cylinder effect of the jacking hydraulic cylinder, and the directive wheel provides for upper climbing frame Guiding;
Behind S10, the upper climbing frame in-position, the upper climbing frame fixture block of the upper climbing frame is made in the cylinder of stretching of the telescopic oil cylinder Level is gone under;
Under S11, jacking hydraulic cylinder contracting cylinder effect, the upper climbing frame fixture block is fallen into lifting column card slot, with the lifting column Clamping;
S12, a decline link terminate, and above step circulation, climbing frame constantly declines along the lifting column.
It preferably, further include the reduction process of lifting column, step comprises the steps of:
Q1, the outer climbing frame is dropped into designated position;
Q2, after removing bolt between the lifting column and withdrawing;
The lifting column that Q3, the gantry crane will subtract is hung to lower section.
Due to the adoption of the technical scheme as described above, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
Using the combination of jacking hydraulic cylinder and telescopic oil cylinder, a climbing frame drive platform synchronizes to climb the present invention, realizes construction outrigger Integration and architecture storey synchronization lifting function, exempt traditional construction outrigger, have the characteristics that Fast Installation and disassembly;This Invention promotes operating efficiency to greatest extent, and artificial utilization rate and cost of labor is greatly lowered, shortens the duration;The present invention has It is applied widely, working security is improved, has the features such as accurate, efficient;The present invention can greatly reduce artificial and scaffold Use, shorten the construction period of whole building, it is especially suitable to be built with novel fabricated.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the installation diagram of outer climbing frame and lifting column;
Fig. 3 is the BB sectional view of Fig. 2;
Appended drawing reference: steel platform at the top of 1-, the purlin 2- vehicle orbital platform, 3- lifting column, 31- crossbeam, 4- outer climbing frame, the upper climbing frame of 41-, Climbing frame, 43- jack climbing frame fixture block, 46- telescopic oil cylinder, 5- casting platform, 6- under hydraulic cylinder, the upper climbing frame fixture block of 44-, 45- under 42- External mold platform, 7- directive wheel, 8- construction material, 9- gantry crane, 91- suspension hook, 92- trolley, 10- hanging apparatus, 11- transport Trolley.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In description of the invention, it should be noted that the orientation or position of the instructions such as term " on ", "lower", "horizontal" Relationship is orientation based on the figure or positional relationship, is merely for convenience of description of the present invention and simplification of the description, rather than It indicates or implies that signified device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore It is not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, " first ", " second " are used for description purposes only, and should not be understood as instruction or Person implies relative importance.
In description of the invention, it is also necessary to explanation, unless otherwise specific regulation and limitation, term " setting ", " peace Dress ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or integrally Connection, can be mechanical connection, is also possible to be electrically connected, can be and be directly connected to, and be also possible to be connected by intermediary, can To be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, can understand as the case may be above-mentioned The concrete meaning of term in the present invention.
Please refer to Fig. 1-3, one kind is used for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure, including lifting column 3, climbs outside Frame 4 and gantry crane 9, the lifting column 3 are that multiple cubes of frames are bolted, and the lifting column 3 passes through fixed Wall-attaching equipment is fixed on wall, and the lifting column 3 is fixed on ground, is provided with standard interface on the outside of the outer climbing frame 4, being used for can Releasably vertically connection casting platform 5 and external mold platform 6, the outer climbing frame 4 are detachably connected on the lifting column 3, institute State on the outside of lifting column 3 setting directive wheel 7, the outer climbing frame 4 includes upper climbing frame 41 and lower climbing frame 42, the upper climbing frame 41 and described Lower climbing frame 42 is connected by jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, and the upper climbing frame fixture block 44 of the upper climbing frame 41 removably connects with lifting column card slot It connects, the lower climbing frame fixture block 45 of the lower climbing frame 42 is removably connect with lifting column card slot, and the upper climbing frame fixture block 44 is hinged on The inner top side of upper climbing frame 41, the upper climbing frame fixture block 44 connects 42 side of lower climbing frame by telescopic oil cylinder 46, under described Climbing frame fixture block 45 is hinged on the inner top side of lower climbing frame 42, the lower climbing frame fixture block 45 by telescopic oil cylinder 46 connect it is described under climb Crossbeam 31 is arranged in the outside of 42 side of frame, the lifting column 3, and the track of the gantry crane 9 is located on the crossbeam 31.
Further, the gantry crane 9 is moved along the track on the crossbeam 31, is arranged on the gantry crane 9 and is hung Hook 91 and trolley 92.Lifting column 3 or construction material 8 can be sling and be put down by trolley 92, and can be along gantry The crossbeam 31 hung on 9 carries out transverse shifting.Gantry crane 9 has the locomitivity in tri- directions X/Y/Z, meets lifting column 3 or builds Build the transport requirement of material 8.
Further, steel platform 1 and purlin vehicle orbital platform 2, the top steel are flat at the top of right angle setting between the lifting column 3 The lower section of platform 1 is slidably installed hanging apparatus 10.
Further, the hanging apparatus 10 is the scissor-type lifting mechanism with pivoting support.
Specifically, scissor-type lifting mechanism is driven by hydraulic cylinder, goes up and down principle: being formed by oil pump to hydraulic cylinder Certain pressure, then passing through oil filter, throttle valve, liquid oil control valve etc. makes oil enter hydraulic cylinder lower end, makes hydraulic The piston generation of oil cylinder acts, and achievees the purpose that lifting heavy.The stretching speed of hydraulic cylinder is determined by the flow of oil pump.
Hydraulic cylinder drive system of the invention uses commercially available hydraulic cylinder drive system.
The rise and fall of the present apparatus are all smooth motions, even if disconnected Guan Xianxiang occurs, hydraulic system does not have safe self-locking In the case where, same descending at slow speed only wastes hydraulic oil, not will cause big injury accident.So the present apparatus is one The lifting tool that kind probability that is fool proof, breaking down is low, maintenance expense is low.Pivoting support is driven by power device, The 0-360 degree rotation for realizing construction material 8, construction material 8 is accurately positioned, is installed convenient for construction personnel.
The driving method of the power device driving of the present embodiment is motor driven, hydraulic device driving, pneumatic device driving One of.
Further, 10 top of hanging apparatus is connect with travelling bogie 11, and travelling bogie 11 is in the top steel platform 1 On along rail running.
Through the above technical solutions, hanging apparatus 10 has 360 rotation in the locomitivity and X/Y plane in tri- directions X/Z Locomitivity, meet the transport requirement of construction material 8.
It further, further include intelligence control system, for controlling the jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, the telescopic oil cylinder 46 is stretched Contracting.
Specifically, outer climbing frame 4 enables top steel platform 1 to be lifted upwards with the increase of floor by jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, Entire top 1 need of steel platform build the construction that can once complete entire building, after first floor has been built, jack hydraulic cylinder 43 So that outer climbing frame 4 and top steel platform 1 increase a story height upwards, prepare for pouring for next floor.
The present invention also provides a kind of construction platform climb procedures comprising the steps of:
S1, original state, the upper climbing frame fixture block 44 of upper climbing frame 41 and the lower climbing frame fixture block 45 of lower climbing frame 42 and lifting column card slot card Tightly;
S2, upper climbing frame 41 are begun to ramp up in stretching under cylinder acts on for jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, and directive wheel 7 is that upper climbing frame 41 provides guiding;
Under the effect of 46 contracting cylinder of telescopic oil cylinder, upper climbing frame fixture block 44 switchs to vertical state, avoids and lifting column 3 for S3, upper climbing frame 41 Cross bar interference, at this time by lower climbing frame 42 provide and jack hydraulic cylinder 43 provide support;
Behind S4,41 in-position of upper climbing frame, the upper climbing frame fixture block 44 of upper climbing frame 41 is gone in stretching under cylinder acts on for telescopic oil cylinder 46 It is horizontal;
Under S5, jacking 43 contracting cylinder of hydraulic cylinder effect, upper climbing frame fixture block 44 is fallen into lifting column card slot, with 3 clamping of lifting column;
S6, lower climbing frame 42 are begun to ramp up under the contracting cylinder effect of jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, and directive wheel 7 is that lower climbing frame 42 provides guiding;
Under the effect of 46 contracting cylinder of telescopic oil cylinder, upper climbing frame fixture block 44 switchs to vertical state, avoids and lifting column 3 for S7, lower climbing frame 42 Cross bar interference, provide support by upper climbing frame 41 and jacking hydraulic cylinder 43 at this time;
Behind S8,42 in-position of lower climbing frame, the lower climbing frame fixture block 45 of lower climbing frame 42 is gone in stretching under cylinder acts on for telescopic oil cylinder 46 It is horizontal;
S9, jacking hydraulic cylinder 43 are stretched under cylinder effect, and upper climbing frame fixture block 44 is fallen into lifting column card slot, with 3 clamping of lifting column;
S10, a link of climbing terminate, and above step circulation, climbing frame is constantly promoted along lifting column 3.
The present invention also provides a kind of construction platform descending methods comprising the steps of:
S1, original state, the upper climbing frame fixture block 44 of upper climbing frame 41 and the lower climbing frame fixture block 45 of lower climbing frame 42 and lifting column card slot card Tightly;
S2, lower climbing frame 42 are begun to ramp up under the contracting cylinder effect of jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, and directive wheel 7 provides guiding for lower climbing frame;
Under the effect of 46 contracting cylinder of telescopic oil cylinder, lower climbing frame fixture block 45 switchs to vertical state, avoids and lifting column 3 for S3, lower climbing frame 42 Cross bar interference, at this time by upper climbing frame 41 provide and jack hydraulic cylinder 43 provide support;
S4, lower climbing frame 42 are begun to decline in stretching under cylinder acts on for jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, and directive wheel 7 is that lower climbing frame 42 provides guiding;
Behind S5,42 in-position of lower climbing frame, the lower climbing frame fixture block 45 of lower climbing frame 42 is gone in stretching under cylinder acts on for telescopic oil cylinder 46 It is horizontal;
S6, jacking hydraulic cylinder 43 are stretched under cylinder effect, and lower climbing frame fixture block 45 is fallen into lifting column card slot, with 3 clamping of lifting column;
S7, upper climbing frame 41 are begun to ramp up in stretching under cylinder acts on for jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, and directive wheel 7 is that upper climbing frame 41 provides guiding;
Under the effect of 46 contracting cylinder of telescopic oil cylinder, upper climbing frame fixture block 44 switchs to vertical state, avoids and lifting column 3 for S8, upper climbing frame 41 Cross bar interference, provide support by lower climbing frame 42 and jacking hydraulic cylinder 43 at this time;
S9, upper climbing frame 41 are begun to decline under the contracting cylinder effect of jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, and directive wheel 7 is that upper climbing frame 41 provides guiding;
Behind S10,41 in-position of upper climbing frame, the upper climbing frame fixture block 44 of upper climbing frame 41 is gone in stretching under cylinder acts on for telescopic oil cylinder 46 It is horizontal;
Under S11, jacking 43 contracting cylinder of hydraulic cylinder effect, upper climbing frame fixture block 44 is fallen into lifting column card slot, with 3 clamping of lifting column;
S12, a decline link terminate, and above step circulation, climbing frame constantly declines along lifting column 3.
A kind of construction platform climb procedure of the present embodiment can be using mode of automatically climbing, and displacement sensor is to survey The distance between climbing frame fixture block 44 and lower climbing frame fixture block 45 in amount, upper climbing frame fixture block 44 and lower climbing frame fixture block 45 are provided with " 0- 1 " signal projector, when upper climbing frame fixture block 44 and the clamping of lifting column card slot, or climbing frame fixture block 45 and lifting column card slot card instantly Tightly, triggering " 0-1 " signal projector issues " 1 " signal;It is displaced determining device and receives the data of displacement sensor, and judge to jack Whether in place hydraulic cylinder 43 stretches cylinder operation or the operation of contracting cylinder, and " 0-1 " signal receiver is to receive " 0-1 " signal projector Signal, jacking 43 controller of hydraulic cylinder are connected with displacement determining device, " 0-1 " signal receiver, to control jacking hydraulic cylinder 43 It carries out stretching cylinder operation and the operation of contracting cylinder.
The mode of automatically climbing of the present embodiment:
S1, original state, the upper climbing frame fixture block 44 of upper climbing frame 41 and the lower climbing frame fixture block 45 of lower climbing frame 42 and lifting column card slot card Tightly;
S2, mode of automatically climbing is opened, starts operation of climbing;
S3, upper climbing frame 41 are begun to ramp up in stretching under cylinder acts on for jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, and directive wheel 7 is that upper climbing frame 41 provides guiding;
Under the effect of 46 contracting cylinder of telescopic oil cylinder, upper climbing frame fixture block 44 switchs to vertical state, avoids and lifting column 3 for S4, upper climbing frame 41 Cross bar interference, at this time by lower climbing frame 42 provide and jack hydraulic cylinder 43 provide support;
Behind S5,41 in-position of upper climbing frame, the upper climbing frame fixture block 44 of upper climbing frame 41 is gone in stretching under cylinder acts on for telescopic oil cylinder 46 It is horizontal;
Under S6, jacking 43 contracting cylinder of hydraulic cylinder act on, upper climbing frame fixture block 44 is fallen into lifting column card slot, and 3 clamping of lifting column, on " 0-1 " signal projector on climbing frame fixture block 44 issues " 1 " signal;
S7, displacement determining device determine jacking 43 contracting cylinder of hydraulic cylinder in place, and " 0-1 " signal receiver receives climbing frame fixture block 44 " 1 " signal for issuing of " 0-1 " signal projector, determine that this contracting cylinder operates completion;
S8, lower climbing frame 42 are begun to ramp up under the contracting cylinder effect of jacking hydraulic cylinder 43, and directive wheel 7 is that lower climbing frame 42 provides guiding;
Under the effect of 46 contracting cylinder of telescopic oil cylinder, upper climbing frame fixture block 44 switchs to vertical state, avoids and lifting column 3 for S9, lower climbing frame 42 Cross bar interference, provide support by upper climbing frame 41 and jacking hydraulic cylinder 43 at this time;
Behind S10,42 in-position of lower climbing frame, the lower climbing frame fixture block 45 of lower climbing frame 42 is gone in stretching under cylinder acts on for telescopic oil cylinder 46 It is horizontal;
S11, jacking hydraulic cylinder 43 are stretched under cylinder effect, and upper climbing frame fixture block 44 is fallen into lifting column card slot, and 3 clamping of lifting column, under " 0-1 " signal projector of climbing frame fixture block 45 issues " 1 " signal;
S12, displacement determining device determine that jacking hydraulic cylinder 43 stretches cylinder in place, and " 0-1 " signal receiver receives lower climbing frame fixture block " 1 " signal that 45 " 0-1 " signal projector issues determines that this time is stretched cylinder operation and completed;
S13, a link of climbing terminate, and above step circulation, climbing frame is constantly promoted along lifting column 3, until outer climbing frame 4 climbs To predetermined absolute altitude, it is transferred to step 12;
S14, mode of automatically climbing is closed, terminates operation of climbing.
Through the above technical solutions, realizing the full-automatic switching that hydraulic climbing formwork stretches cylinder, contracting cylinder operation, applied to improve Work efficiency rate is closed in the post position for determining hydraulic cylinder state and upper climbing frame fixture block 44 and lower climbing frame fixture block 45 and lifting column 3 After system is all satisfied requirement, just cylinder, the operation of contracting cylinder are stretched in switching, and the safety of operation is improved using the operation of dual judgement.
Further, a kind of construction platform climb procedure further includes the increase process of lifting column 3, and step includes following step It is rapid:
Q1, by gantry crane 9 will increased lifting column 3 be hung on the lifting column 3 for needing to increase height;
Q2, bolt is tightened.
Further, a kind of construction platform descending method further includes the reduction process of lifting column 3, and step includes following step It is rapid:
Q1, outer climbing frame 4 is dropped into designated position;
Q2, bolt is removed between lifting column 3 and after withdrawing;
The lifting column 3 that Q3, gantry crane 9 will subtract is hung to lower section.
Through the above technical solutions, can easily carry out adding layer to lifting column 3, be provided for climbing frame with the rising of floor Support then improves the whole of each platform and is promoted;After having constructed, easily it can subtract layer to lifting column 3, until whole dismountings.
Construction material 8 in the present invention includes building inner template, building exterior sheathing, steel reinforcement cage, prefabricated components, whole kitchen It defends.
Using the combination of jacking hydraulic cylinder 43 and telescopic oil cylinder 46, a climbing frame drive platform synchronizes to climb the present invention, realizes Construct outrigger integration, with architecture storey synchronization lifting function, exempt traditional construction outrigger, with Fast Installation and disassembly Feature;The present invention promotes operating efficiency to greatest extent, and artificial utilization rate and cost of labor is greatly lowered, shortens the duration;This Invention have it is applied widely, improve working security, have the features such as accurate, efficient;The present invention can greatly reduce manually And the use of scaffold, shorten the construction period of whole building, is particularly suitable for novel fabricated building.
It should be noted that, in this document, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to non-row His property includes, so that the process, method, article or the device that include a series of elements not only include those elements, and And further include other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or device institute it is intrinsic Element.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that including being somebody's turn to do There is also other identical elements in the process, method of element, article or device.
The serial number of the above embodiments of the invention is only for description, does not represent the advantages or disadvantages of the embodiments.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, of the invention It is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase one The widest scope of cause.

Claims (10)

1. one kind is used for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure, including lifting column, outer climbing frame and gantry crane, feature It is, the lifting column is that multiple cubes of frames are bolted, and the lifting column is solid by fixed wall-attaching equipment Due to wall, the lifting column is fixed on ground, standard interface is provided on the outside of the outer climbing frame, for removably vertically connecting Casting platform and external mold platform are connect, the outer climbing frame is detachably connected on the lifting column, setting on the outside of the lifting column Directive wheel, the outer climbing frame include upper climbing frame and lower climbing frame, and the upper climbing frame is connected with the lower climbing frame by jacking hydraulic cylinder, The upper climbing frame fixture block of the upper climbing frame is removably connect with lifting column card slot, and the lower climbing frame fixture block of the lower climbing frame is removably It is connect with lifting column card slot, the upper climbing frame fixture block is hinged on the inner top side of climbing frame, and the upper climbing frame fixture block passes through flexible Oil cylinder connects the lower climbing frame side, and the lower climbing frame fixture block is hinged on the inner top side of lower climbing frame, and the lower climbing frame fixture block is logical It crosses telescopic oil cylinder and connects the lower climbing frame side, crossbeam is arranged in the outside of the lifting column, and the track of the gantry crane is located at institute It states on crossbeam.
2. according to claim 1 be used for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure, which is characterized in that the dragon Gantry crane is moved along the track on the crossbeam, and suspension hook and trolley are arranged on the gantry crane.
3. according to claim 1 be used for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure, which is characterized in that the liter Right angle setting top steel platform and purlin vehicle orbital platform between column drop, and be slidably installed lifting dress below the top steel platform It sets.
4. according to claim 3 be used for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure, which is characterized in that described to hang Assembling device is the scissor-type lifting mechanism with pivoting support.
5. according to claim 3 be used for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure, which is characterized in that described to hang It is connect above assembling device with travelling bogie, travelling bogie is in the top steel platform along rail running.
6. according to claim 1 be used for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure, which is characterized in that further include Intelligence control system, for control the jacking hydraulic cylinder, the telescopic oil cylinder it is flexible.
7. a kind of construction platform climb procedure, which is characterized in that comprise the steps of:
S1, original state, the upper climbing frame fixture block of upper climbing frame and the lower climbing frame fixture block of lower climbing frame and the clamping of lifting column card slot;
S2, upper climbing frame are begun to ramp up in stretching under cylinder acts on for jacking hydraulic cylinder, and directive wheel provides guiding for upper climbing frame;
Under the effect of telescopic oil cylinder contracting cylinder, upper climbing frame fixture block switchs to vertical state for S3, upper climbing frame, avoids dry with the cross bar of lifting column It relates to, provides and jack at this time hydraulic cylinder by lower climbing frame and support is provided;
Behind S4, upper climbing frame in-position, the upper climbing frame fixture block of upper climbing frame goes to level in stretching under cylinder acts on for telescopic oil cylinder;
Under S5, jacking hydraulic cylinder contracting cylinder effect, upper climbing frame fixture block is fallen into lifting column card slot, with lifting column clamping;
S6, lower climbing frame are begun to ramp up under the contracting cylinder effect of jacking hydraulic cylinder, and directive wheel provides guiding for lower climbing frame;
Under the effect of telescopic oil cylinder contracting cylinder, upper climbing frame fixture block switchs to vertical state for S7, lower climbing frame, avoids dry with the cross bar of lifting column It relates to, provides support by upper climbing frame and jacking hydraulic cylinder at this time;
Behind S8, lower climbing frame in-position, the lower climbing frame fixture block of lower climbing frame goes to level in stretching under cylinder acts on for telescopic oil cylinder;
S9, jacking hydraulic cylinder are stretched under cylinder effect, and upper climbing frame fixture block is fallen into lifting column card slot, with lifting column clamping;
S10, a link of climbing terminate, and above step circulation, climbing frame is constantly promoted along lifting column.
8. construction platform climb procedure according to claim 7, which is characterized in that it further include the increase process of lifting column, Its step comprises the steps of:
Q1, by gantry crane will increased lifting column be hung on the lifting column for needing to increase height;
Q2, bolt is tightened.
9. a kind of construction platform descending method, which is characterized in that comprise the steps of:
The lower climbing frame fixture block of S1, original state, the upper climbing frame fixture block of the upper climbing frame and the lower climbing frame with it is described Lifting column card slot clamping;
S2, the lower climbing frame are begun to ramp up under the contracting cylinder effect of the jacking hydraulic cylinder, and the directive wheel provides for lower climbing frame Guiding;
Under telescopic oil cylinder contracting cylinder effect, the lower climbing frame fixture block switchs to vertical state, avoids and institute for S3, the lower climbing frame The cross bar interference of lifting column is stated, is provided at this time by the upper climbing frame and jacking hydraulic cylinder provides support;
S4, the lower climbing frame are begun to decline in stretching under cylinder acts on for the jacking hydraulic cylinder, and the directive wheel is the lower climbing frame Guiding is provided;
Behind S5, the lower climbing frame in-position, the lower climbing frame fixture block of the lower climbing frame is made in the cylinder of stretching of the telescopic oil cylinder Level is gone under;
S6, the jacking hydraulic cylinder are stretched under cylinder effect, and the lower climbing frame fixture block is fallen into lifting column card slot, with the lifting column card Tightly;
S7, the upper climbing frame are begun to ramp up in stretching under cylinder acts on for the jacking hydraulic cylinder, and the directive wheel provides for upper climbing frame Guiding;
Under telescopic oil cylinder contracting cylinder effect, the upper climbing frame fixture block switchs to vertical state, avoids and institute for S8, the upper climbing frame The cross bar interference for stating lifting column, provides support by the lower climbing frame and the jacking hydraulic cylinder at this time;
S9, the upper climbing frame are begun to decline under the contracting cylinder effect of the jacking hydraulic cylinder, and the directive wheel provides for upper climbing frame Guiding;
Behind S10, the upper climbing frame in-position, the upper climbing frame fixture block of the upper climbing frame is made in the cylinder of stretching of the telescopic oil cylinder Level is gone under;
Under S11, jacking hydraulic cylinder contracting cylinder effect, the upper climbing frame fixture block is fallen into lifting column card slot, with the lifting column Clamping;
S12, a decline link terminate, and above step circulation, climbing frame constantly declines along the lifting column.
10. construction platform descending method according to claim 9, which is characterized in that it further include the reduction process of lifting column, Its step comprises the steps of:
Q1, the outer climbing frame is dropped into designated position;
Q2, after removing bolt between the lifting column and withdrawing;
The lifting column that Q3, the gantry crane will subtract is hung to lower section.
CN201910508978.1A 2019-06-13 2019-06-13 One kind is for building machinery and construction synchronization lifting structure and elevating method Pending CN110255387A (en)

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CN110255387A true CN110255387A (en) 2019-09-20

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111706053A (en) * 2020-07-02 2020-09-25 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Be used for construction machinery and construction synchronous elevation structure

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111706053A (en) * 2020-07-02 2020-09-25 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Be used for construction machinery and construction synchronous elevation structure

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