CN110244469A - A kind of determination method and system of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle - Google Patents

A kind of determination method and system of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110244469A
CN110244469A CN201910530503.2A CN201910530503A CN110244469A CN 110244469 A CN110244469 A CN 110244469A CN 201910530503 A CN201910530503 A CN 201910530503A CN 110244469 A CN110244469 A CN 110244469A
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lens array
directional scattering
distance
parameter
scattering
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CN110244469B (en
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闫兴鹏
文军
蒋晓瑜
严志强
汪熙
王子强
毕建权
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Army Academy of Armored Forces
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Army Academy of Armored Forces
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Optical systems or apparatus not provided for by any of the groups G02B1/00 - G02B26/00, G02B30/00
    • G02B27/09Beam shaping, e.g. changing the cross-sectional area, not otherwise provided for
    • GPHYSICS
    • G02OPTICS
    • G02BOPTICAL ELEMENTS, SYSTEMS, OR APPARATUS
    • G02B27/00Optical systems or apparatus not provided for by any of the groups G02B1/00 - G02B26/00, G02B30/00
    • G02B27/09Beam shaping, e.g. changing the cross-sectional area, not otherwise provided for
    • G02B27/0938Using specific optical elements
    • G02B27/095Refractive optical elements
    • G02B27/0955Lenses
    • G02B27/0961Lens arrays

Abstract

The present invention provides the determination method and system of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, and the parameter and display that the determining method includes the following steps: to obtain the lens array of the light field display system based on integration imaging are at a distance from lens array;According to the parameter of the lens array and the display at a distance from lens array, the position of directional scattering device is determined by determining the parallax of the corresponding image points in different units image;The diffusion angle of directional scattering device is determined according to light scattering principle according to the parameter of the position of the directional scattering device and the lens array.The present invention realizes quantitatively determining for directional scattering device diffusion angle, and the decoupling of directional scattering device position and depth centre plane is dynamically determined directional scattering device position based on display object space position, and then realizes the clear display of big depth bounds scene.

Description

A kind of determination method and system of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle
Technical field
The present invention relates to integration imaging technical field, really more particularly to a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle Determine method and system.
Background technique
Traditional integration imaging technology carries out light regulation, the field angle of display using densely arranged microlens array It is extremely limited, influence the viewing experience of people.The relatively large sized lens of light field display use based on integration imaging (usually >= 2mm) the lens array formed carries out light regulation, recovers the sparse light field discrete out in space, recycles directional scattering device Angular spectrum diffusion property the secondary regulation of discrete light field is restored into continuous light field.Preferable Three-dimensional Display can be brought to experience.Base In the selection of the directional scattering device diffusion angle of the light field display system of integration imaging and the determination of directional scattering device placement location It is particularly significant, if it is determined that the improper image that will cause is fuzzy, influences viewing experience, but currently there is no and quantitatively determine diffusion angle Method, and the placement of directional scattering device assumes have centainly with the actual position that should be placed in depth centre plane at present Error, also affect visual experience.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide the determination method and system of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, to realize The clear display of big depth bounds scene is realized in the determination of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, is improved and is based on integration imaging Light field display system visual experience.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following schemes:
The determination method of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, the determining method include the following steps:
Obtain the lens array of the light field display system based on integration imaging parameter and display and lens array away from From;
According to the parameter of the lens array and the display at a distance from lens array, by determining different units figure The parallax of corresponding image points as in determines the position of directional scattering device;
Orientation is determined according to light scattering principle according to the parameter of the position of the directional scattering device and the lens array The diffusion angle of scatterer.
Optionally, the parameter of the lens array includes the distance between the two neighboring lens of lens array p, lens array The diameter a of the lens of column.
Optionally, the parameter and the display according to the lens array is at a distance from lens array, by true The parallax of the corresponding image points in different units image is determined to determine the position of directional scattering device, is specifically included:
According to the parameter of the lens array and the display and lens array distance g, formula is utilized The distance between directional scattering device and lens array d are calculated, the position of directional scattering device is obtained;
Wherein, l indicates interval of the same place between two cell pictures.
Optionally, described according to the position of the directional scattering device and the parameter of the lens array, it is scattered according to light former Reason, determines the diffusion angle of directional scattering device, specifically includes:
According to the diameter a of the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d and the lens of lens array, formula is utilizedCalculate the angular acceptance θ of incident rayin
According to the distance between the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d and the two neighboring lens of lens array P utilizes formulaCalculate the angular acceptance θ of emergent rayout
According to the angular acceptance θ of the incident rayinWith the angular acceptance θ of the emergent rayout, solve equationObtain the angle of flare θ of directional scattering deviced
The determination system of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, the determining system include:
Parameter acquisition module, the parameter of the lens array for obtaining the light field display system based on integration imaging, and it is aobvious Show device at a distance from lens array;
The position determination module of directional scattering device, for according to the parameter of the lens array and the display and lens The distance of array determines the position of directional scattering device by determining the parallax of the corresponding image points in different units image;
The diffusion angle determining module of directional scattering device, for according to the directional scattering device position and the lens array The parameter of column determines the diffusion angle of directional scattering device according to light scattering principle.
Optionally, the parameter of the lens array includes the distance between the two neighboring lens of lens array p, lens array The diameter a of the lens of column.
Optionally, the position determination module of the directional scattering device, specifically includes:
The position determination submodule of directional scattering device, for according to the parameter of the lens array and the display and thoroughly The distance g of lens array, utilizes formulaThe distance between directional scattering device and lens array d are calculated, orientation is obtained and dissipates The position of emitter;
Wherein, l indicates interval of the same place between two cell pictures.
Optionally, the diffusion angle determining module of the directional scattering device, specifically includes:
The angular acceptance computational submodule of incident ray, for according to the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d With the diameter a of the lens of lens array, formula is utilizedCalculate the angular acceptance θ of incident rayin
The angular acceptance computational submodule of emergent ray, for according to the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d The distance between the two neighboring lens of lens array p, utilizes formulaCalculate the angular spectrum of emergent ray Width θout
The angle of flare computational submodule of directional scattering device, for the angular acceptance θ according to the incident rayinWith it is described go out Penetrate the angular acceptance θ of lightout, solve equationObtain the angle of flare θ of directional scattering deviced
The specific embodiment provided according to the present invention, the invention discloses following technical effects:
The present invention provides the determination method and system of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, the determining method packet Include following steps: the parameter and display and lens array of the lens array of light field display system of the acquisition based on integration imaging Distance;According to the parameter of the lens array and the display at a distance from lens array, by determining different units figure The parallax of corresponding image points as in determines the position of directional scattering device;According to the position of the directional scattering device and the lens The parameter of array determines the diffusion angle of directional scattering device according to light scattering principle.The present invention realizes the diffusion of directional scattering device Angle quantitatively determines, the decoupling of directional scattering device position and depth centre plane, based on display object space position to orientation Scatterer position is dynamically determined, and then realizes the clear display of big depth bounds scene.
Detailed description of the invention
It in order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, below will be to institute in embodiment Attached drawing to be used is needed to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some implementations of the invention Example, for those of ordinary skill in the art, without any creative labor, can also mention according to the present invention The attached drawing of confession obtains other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of the determination method of a kind of directional scattering device position provided by the invention and diffusion angle;
Fig. 2 is imaging effect schematic diagram of the directional scattering device provided by the invention in different location;Wherein, figure (a) is fixed To scatterer in 3D as O1The imaging effect schematic diagram of position, figure (b) is for directional scattering device in 3D as O1With the meta position of lens array The imaging effect schematic diagram set, figure (c) is for directional scattering device in 3D as O1The imaging effect schematic diagram of position between observer;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the position of determining directional scattering device provided by the invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the diffusion angle provided by the invention that directional scattering device is determined according to light scattering principle;
Fig. 5 is the structure chart of the determination system of a kind of directional scattering device position provided by the invention and diffusion angle.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The object of the present invention is to provide the determination method and system of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, to realize The clear display of big depth bounds scene is realized in the determination of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, is improved and is based on integration imaging Light field display system visual experience.
In order to make the foregoing objectives, features and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, with reference to the accompanying drawing and specific real Applying mode, the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention provides the determination method of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, the determination side Method includes the following steps:
Step 101, the parameter of the lens array of light field display system of the acquisition based on integration imaging and display and lens The distance of array.
The parameter of the lens array includes the distance between the two neighboring lens of lens array p, lens array it is saturating The diameter a of mirror.
The light field display system based on integration imaging includes flat-panel screens, lens array and directional scattering device.It is flat The cell picture array generated according to the three-dimensional scenic to be shown is loaded on the display of face.Display after loading unit pattern matrix The light that device issues carries out first time modulation by lens array, discrete light field is recovered, by the secondary tune of directional scattering device System recovers continuous light field.Ultimately generate the picture of three-dimensional scenic.
Step 102, according to the parameter of the lens array and the display at a distance from lens array, by determining not The position of directional scattering device is determined with the parallax of the corresponding image points in cell picture;
In the light field display system based on integration imaging, the lens stock size in lens array is larger (>=2mm), and Situations such as generally there are sparse arrangement or there are diaphragms, that is, have p >=a.
The characteristics of according to lens imaging, in system there are a depth centre plane (central depth plane: CDP), position can be obtained according to Gauss theorem:Wherein, d1Indicate depth centre plane and lens array away from From.
Current research indicates that directional scattering device should be placed on depth centre plane, does not find directional scattering through studying There is inevitable coupled relation between device position and depth centre plane.It is intended to show on the contrary, the position of directional scattering device should be in The appropriate location of object.
As shown in Fig. 2, being only just able to achieve blur-free imaging when directional scattering device is located at three-dimensional image point position.Work as orientation Scatterer is located exactly at 3D as O1Position when, light is accurately spread, not only seamless but also non-overlapping, such as Fig. 3 (a).When fixed It is located at 3D as O to scatterer1When between lens array, there are greater overlaps for the light after diffusion.Such as Fig. 3 (b).When orientation expands It dissipates device and is located at 3D as O1When between observer, the light after diffusion exists compared with big gap.To sum up, 3D should be located exactly at as O1Institute In position.Since there are certain depth bounds for actual 3D scene, therefore in actual operation, directional scattering device should be located at 3D The center of depth bounds locating for scape.
And the position of 3D picture point can be determined by the parallax of the corresponding image points in different units image.I.e. such as Fig. 3 institute Show,And l=(p-y1)+y2, wherein p is the distance between two neighboring lens of lens array, L is interval of the same place between two cell pictures.
Therefore the position of picture point, the i.e. position of directional scattering device are as follows:
Step 103, according to the parameter of the position of the directional scattering device and the lens array, according to light scattering principle, Determine the diffusion angle of directional scattering device.
As shown in figure 4, according to the parameter of the position of the directional scattering device and the lens array, root described in step 103 It according to light scattering principle, determines the diffusion angle of directional scattering device, specifically includes: according between directional scattering device and lens array The diameter a of the lens of distance d and lens array, utilizes formulaThe angular spectrum for calculating incident ray is wide Spend θin;According to the distance between the two neighboring lens of the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d and lens array p, Utilize formulaCalculate the angular acceptance θ of emergent rayout;According to the angular acceptance of the incident ray θinWith the angular acceptance θ of the emergent rayout, solve equationObtain the angle of flare θ of directional scattering deviced
As shown in figure 5, the present invention also provides the determination system of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, the determination System includes:
Parameter acquisition module 501, the parameter of the lens array for obtaining the light field display system based on integration imaging, and Display is at a distance from lens array.
The parameter of the lens array includes the distance between the two neighboring lens of lens array p, lens array it is saturating The diameter a of mirror.
The position determination module 502 of directional scattering device, for according to the parameter of the lens array and the display with The distance of lens array determines the position of directional scattering device by determining the parallax of the corresponding image points in different units image.
The position determination module 502 of the directional scattering device, specifically includes: the position determination submodule of directional scattering device, For utilizing formula according to the parameter of the lens array and the display and lens array distance gIt calculates The distance between directional scattering device and lens array d, obtain the position of directional scattering device;Wherein, l indicates same place in two lists Interval between first image.
The diffusion angle determining module 503 of directional scattering device, for according to the position of the directional scattering device and described The parameter of lens array determines the diffusion angle of directional scattering device according to light scattering principle.
The diffusion angle determining module 503 of the directional scattering device, specifically includes: the angular acceptance of incident ray calculates son Module utilizes formula for the diameter a according to the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d and the lens of lens arrayCalculate the angular acceptance θ of incident rayin;The angular acceptance computational submodule of emergent ray is used In the distance between two neighboring lens according to the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d and lens array p, utilize FormulaCalculate the angular acceptance θ of emergent rayout;The angle of flare computational submodule of directional scattering device is used In the angular acceptance θ according to the incident rayinWith the angular acceptance θ of the emergent rayout, solve equationObtain the angle of flare θ of directional scattering deviced
The specific embodiment provided according to the present invention, the invention discloses following technical effects:
The present invention provides the determination method and system of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, the determining method packet Include following steps: the parameter and display and lens array of the lens array of light field display system of the acquisition based on integration imaging Distance;According to the parameter of the lens array and the display at a distance from lens array, by determining different units figure The parallax of corresponding image points as in determines the position of directional scattering device;According to the position of the directional scattering device and the lens The parameter of array determines the diffusion angle of directional scattering device according to light scattering principle.The present invention realizes the diffusion of directional scattering device Angle quantitatively determines, the decoupling of directional scattering device position and depth centre plane, based on display object space position to orientation Scatterer position is dynamically determined, and then realizes the clear display of big depth bounds scene.
The foregoing is merely the preferable specific embodiments of the present invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, appoint Within the technical scope of the present disclosure, any changes or substitutions that can be easily thought of, all by what those familiar with the art It should be included within the scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be with the protection model of claims Subject to enclosing.
Used herein a specific example illustrates the principle and implementation of the invention, and above embodiments are said It is bright to be merely used to help understand the device of the invention and its core concept;At the same time, for those skilled in the art, foundation Thought of the invention, there will be changes in the specific implementation manner and application range.In conclusion the content of the present specification is not It is interpreted as limitation of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. the determination method of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, which is characterized in that the determining method includes as follows Step:
The parameter and display for obtaining the lens array of the light field display system based on integration imaging are at a distance from lens array;
According to the parameter of the lens array and the display at a distance from lens array, by determining in different units image The parallax of corresponding image points determine the position of directional scattering device;
According to the parameter of the position of the directional scattering device and the lens array, directional scattering device is determined according to light scattering principle Diffusion angle.
2. the determination method of directional scattering device according to claim 1 position and diffusion angle, which is characterized in that described The parameter of lens array includes the distance between the two neighboring lens of lens array p, the diameter a of the lens of lens array.
3. the determination method of directional scattering device according to claim 2 position and diffusion angle, which is characterized in that described It is of the same name in different units image by determining according to the parameter and the display of the lens array at a distance from lens array The parallax of picture point determines the position of directional scattering device, specifically includes:
According to the parameter of the lens array and the display and lens array distance g, formula is utilizedIt calculates The distance between directional scattering device and lens array d, obtain the position of directional scattering device;
Wherein, l indicates interval of the same place between two cell pictures.
4. the determination method of directional scattering device according to claim 3 position and diffusion angle, which is characterized in that described According to the position of the directional scattering device and the parameter of the lens array, the diffusion of directional scattering device is determined according to light scattering principle Angle specifically includes:
According to the diameter a of the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d and the lens of lens array, formula is utilizedCalculate the angular acceptance θ of incident rayin
According to the distance between the two neighboring lens of the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d and lens array p, benefit Use formulaCalculate the angular acceptance θ of emergent rayout
According to the angular acceptance θ of the incident rayinWith the angular acceptance θ of the emergent rayout, solve equationObtain the angle of flare θ of directional scattering deviced
5. the determination system of a kind of directional scattering device position and diffusion angle, which is characterized in that the determining system includes:
Parameter acquisition module, the parameter and display of the lens array for obtaining the light field display system based on integration imaging At a distance from lens array;
The position determination module of directional scattering device, for according to the parameter of the lens array and the display and lens array Distance, determine the position of directional scattering device by determining the parallax of the corresponding image points in different units image;
The diffusion angle determining module of directional scattering device, for according to the position of the directional scattering device and the lens array Parameter determines the diffusion angle of directional scattering device according to light scattering principle.
6. the determination system of directional scattering device according to claim 5 position and diffusion angle, which is characterized in that described The parameter of lens array includes the distance between the two neighboring lens of lens array p, the diameter a of the lens of lens array.
7. the determination system of directional scattering device according to claim 6 position and diffusion angle, which is characterized in that described fixed To the position determination module of scatterer, specifically include:
The position determination submodule of directional scattering device, for according to the parameter of the lens array and the display and lens array The distance g of column, utilizes formulaThe distance between directional scattering device and lens array d are calculated, directional scattering device is obtained Position;
Wherein, l indicates interval of the same place between two cell pictures.
8. the determination system of directional scattering device according to claim 7 position and diffusion angle, which is characterized in that described fixed To the diffusion angle determining module of scatterer, specifically include:
The angular acceptance computational submodule of incident ray, for according to the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d and thoroughly The diameter a of the lens of lens array, utilizes formulaCalculate the angular acceptance θ of incident rayin
The angular acceptance computational submodule of emergent ray, for according to the distance between directional scattering device and lens array d and thoroughly The distance between the two neighboring lens of lens array p, utilizes formulaCalculate the angular acceptance of emergent ray θout
The angle of flare computational submodule of directional scattering device, for the angular acceptance θ according to the incident rayinWith the emergent light The angular acceptance θ of lineout, solve equationObtain the angle of flare θ of directional scattering deviced
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