CN110229458A - A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN110229458A
CN110229458A CN201910523685.0A CN201910523685A CN110229458A CN 110229458 A CN110229458 A CN 110229458A CN 201910523685 A CN201910523685 A CN 201910523685A CN 110229458 A CN110229458 A CN 110229458A
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abs
strength
flaming
weight
sections
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宋懂强
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Nantong Zhanpeng Plastic Co Ltd
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Nantong Zhanpeng Plastic Co Ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L55/00Compositions of homopolymers or copolymers, obtained by polymerisation reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, not provided for in groups C08L23/00 - C08L53/00
    • C08L55/02ABS [Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene] polymers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K2201/00Specific properties of additives
    • C08K2201/014Additives containing two or more different additives of the same subgroup in C08K
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/02Flame or fire retardant/resistant
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/03Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend
    • C08L2205/035Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend containing four or more polymers in a blend
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/06Polymer mixtures characterised by other features having improved processability or containing aids for moulding methods

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of ABS materials of high-strength anti-flaming, mainly include following component: 60~70 parts by weight of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer by weight;Poly- 12~16 parts by weight of aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane;7~11 parts by weight of melamine formaldehyde resin;4~8 parts by weight of toughener;10~15 parts by weight of fire retardant;1~3 parts by weight of antioxidant.Using the advantage of all kinds of macromolecule resins, learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses after being incorporated into, improves the mechanical strength of ABS material, improve flame retardant property;Intensity, weatherability and the flame retardant property of ABS material are improved by introducing poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane and melamine formaldehyde resin;By introducing aluminium boride and 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5-triazines improve the flame retardant property of ABS material.

Description

A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to ABS material fields, and in particular to a kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming and preparation method thereof.
Background technique
ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) resin is made of acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene Terpolymer.ABS resin, which has, to be easily worked, and is suitble to a variety of forming methods such as injection, extrusion molding, blow molding, and with compared with Good mechanical property is therefore widely used in packaging, daily necessities, electronic apparatus, toy, instrument, transport and machine manufacture etc. Field.
In actual use, often through adjustment modifying agent, realization advanced optimizes ABS performance.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide ABS materials of a kind of high-strength anti-flaming and preparation method thereof, and which solve existing ABS material intensity, the shortcoming of flame retardant property.
Technical solution of the present invention is summarized as follows:
A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, wherein mainly include following component by weight:
Preferably, the ABS material of the high-strength anti-flaming, wherein the toughener includes 15~18wt% poly-vinegar Sour ethylene and 82~85wt% ene-propylene-butene terpolymer.
Preferably, the ABS material of the high-strength anti-flaming, wherein the fire retardant includes 30~32wt% boronation Aluminium and 68~70wt%2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine.
Preferably, the ABS material of the high-strength anti-flaming, wherein the antioxidant includes 56~58wt%, bis- boron Change titanium and 42~44wt% guanidine stearic acid salt.
Preferably, the ABS material of the high-strength anti-flaming, wherein the poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicon The number-average molecular weight of alkane is 5200~5400.
Preferably, the ABS material of the high-strength anti-flaming, wherein the number of the melamine formaldehyde resin is divided equally Son amount is 2600~3000.
Preferably, the ABS material of the high-strength anti-flaming, wherein further include that the maleic anhydrides of 1~3 parts by weight connects Branch polyethylene.
Preferably, the ABS material of the high-strength anti-flaming, wherein further include the epoxy Siberian cocklebur of 0.5~2 parts by weight Butyl oleate.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, wherein include the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde Resin, polyvinyl acetate, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- three Piperazine, titanium diboride, guanidine stearic acid salt, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially to high-speed mixer High speed premixes 3~5 minutes, and then melting extrusion is granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtains ABS material.
Preferably, the preparation method of the ABS material of the high-strength anti-flaming, wherein the double screw extruder Each silicon carbide is respectively as follows: 185~195 DEG C of a section, two 195~200 DEG C of sections, three and four 202~204 DEG C of sections, 5th area Between 208~212 DEG C, die head temperature be 210~220 DEG C, extruder feeder revolving speed be 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are: learning from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses after being incorporated into, mentioning using the advantage of all kinds of macromolecule resins The high mechanical strength of ABS material, improves flame retardant property;By introducing poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane and trimerization Intensity, weatherability and the flame retardant property of cyanogen amine-formaldehyde resin raising ABS material;By introducing aluminium boride and (five halogen of 2,4,6- tri- Benzyl) -1,3,5-triazines, the flame retardant property of ABS material is improved, nylon66 fiber is preferably applied to material requirements High intensity, the packaging of high fire-retardance, daily necessities, electronic apparatus, toy, instrument, transport and machine manufacture etc. fields.
Specific embodiment
It is explained in detail below with reference to multiple embodiments of the invention, so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to In being understood by the person skilled in the art, apparent explicitly defined to be made to protection scope of the present invention.
The present invention provides a kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, mainly includes following component by weight:
The micro- Huang of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer appearance is opaque, relative density 1.04, it has excellent dimensions The advantages that stability, impact resistance outstanding, heat resistance, dielectricity, wearability, lustrous surface is good, easy coating and coloring.Third Alkene nitrile makes ABS have preferable chemical stability and surface hardness, and butadiene makes toughness and impact resistance of the ABS with rubber bodies Can, styrene makes ABS have good processing fluidity, coloring and electrodepositable;Poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicon Intensity, heat resistance and the weatherability of alkane raising ABS material;Melamine formaldehyde resin is anti-through polycondensation by melamine and formaldehyde Thermosetting property tree prepared by answering, molecule is the line style or apparatus derivatorius with ehter bond or methylene connection, colorless and transparent, fast light, Resistance to boiling water, nontoxic, self-extinguishment have preferable mechanical property, improve its intensity, weatherability by the way that melamine formaldehyde resin is added Energy and flame retardant property.
As the another embodiment of this case, wherein toughener includes 15~18wt% polyvinyl acetate and 82~85wt% second Alkene-propene-1-butene terpolymer.It is cooperateed with using polyvinyl acetate and ene-propylene-butene terpolymer as toughener, So that ABS material reduces brittleness, increase toughness, improves bearing strength.
As the another embodiment of this case, wherein fire retardant include 30~32wt% aluminium boride and 68~70wt%2,4,6- Three (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazines.Aluminium boride absorbs it before reaching thermal decomposition temperature by the thermal capacitance of raising polymer More heats, to improve its flame retardant property;2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine can form glass at high temperature Shape or stable foam coating, starvation have the function of that heat-insulated, oxygen barrier, prevention fuel gas escapes outward, to reach Fire-retardant purpose, aluminium boride and 2, the collaboration of 4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5-triazines is used as fire retardant, so that the resistance of ABS material Combustion performance reaches best.
As the another embodiment of this case, wherein antioxidant includes 56~58wt% titanium diboride and 42~44wt% stearic Sour guanidine.Titanium diboride and guanidine stearic acid salt are compound with consonance effect well, because guanidine stearic acid salt is free radical scavenger, two boron Change titanium is peroxide decomposer, the two synergistic effect, to improve the antioxygenic property of ABS material.
As the another embodiment of this case, wherein the number-average molecular weight of poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane is 5200 ~5400.If the number-average molecular weight of poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane is less than 5200g/mol, the strong of ABS can be reduced Degree and weather resistance;If the number-average molecular weight of poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane is greater than 5400g/mol, it can be reduced Intermiscibility in ABS system, to affect the dispersed homogeneous degree and mobility of ABS.
As the another embodiment of this case, wherein the number-average molecular weight of melamine formaldehyde resin is 2600~3000.If The number-average molecular weight of melamine formaldehyde resin is less than 2600g/mol, then can reduce intensity, weather resistance and the anti-flammability of ABS Energy;If the number-average molecular weight of melamine formaldehyde resin is greater than 3000g/mol, its mixing in ABS system can be reduced Property, to affect the dispersed homogeneous degree and mobility of ABS.
As the another embodiment of this case, wherein further include the maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene of 1~3 parts by weight.Pass through addition Maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene improves and the poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane in blend, melamine-formaldehyde tree Lipid phase is held, and can react with the active group of the acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer of blend, therefore can play well Compatible role.
As the another embodiment of this case, wherein further include the epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate of 0.5~2 parts by weight.Pass through addition The thermal stability of epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate raising ABS resin.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, includes the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde Resin, polyvinyl acetate, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- three Piperazine, titanium diboride, guanidine stearic acid salt, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially to high-speed mixer High speed premixes 3~5 minutes, and then melting extrusion is granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtains ABS material.
Wherein, each silicon carbide of double screw extruder is respectively as follows: 185~195 DEG C of a section, two sections 195~200 DEG C, three and four 202~204 DEG C of sections, five 208~212 DEG C of sections, die head temperature is 210~220 DEG C, and extruder feeder turns Speed is 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
Specific embodiment and comparative example is listed below
Embodiment 1
A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming mainly includes by weight following component:
Toughener includes 15wt% polyvinyl acetate and 85wt% ene-propylene-butene terpolymer;Fire retardant includes 30wt% aluminium boride and 70wt%2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine;Antioxidant include 56wt% titanium diboride and 44wt% guanidine stearic acid salt;The number-average molecular weight of poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane is 5200;Melamine formaldehyde resin Number-average molecular weight be 2600.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, includes the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde Resin, polyvinyl acetate, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- three Piperazine, titanium diboride, guanidine stearic acid salt, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially to high-speed mixer High speed premixes 3 minutes, and then melting extrusion is granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtains ABS material, double screw extruder it is each Silicon carbide is respectively as follows: 185 DEG C of a section, two 195 DEG C of sections, three and four 202 DEG C of sections, five 208 DEG C of sections, and die head temperature is 210 DEG C, extruder feeder revolving speed is 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
Embodiment 2:
A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming mainly includes by weight following component:
Toughener includes 16wt% polyvinyl acetate and 84wt% ene-propylene-butene terpolymer;Fire retardant includes 31wt% aluminium boride and 69wt%2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine;Antioxidant include 57wt% titanium diboride and 43wt% guanidine stearic acid salt;The number-average molecular weight of poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane is 5300;Melamine formaldehyde resin Number-average molecular weight be 2800.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, includes the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde Resin, polyvinyl acetate, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- three Piperazine, titanium diboride, guanidine stearic acid salt, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially to high-speed mixer High speed premixes 4 minutes, and then melting extrusion is granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtains ABS material, double screw extruder it is each Silicon carbide is respectively as follows: 190 DEG C of a section, two 198 DEG C of sections, three and four 203 DEG C of sections, five 210 DEG C of sections, and die head temperature is 212 DEG C, extruder feeder revolving speed is 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
Embodiment 3:
A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming mainly includes by weight following component:
Toughener includes 18wt% polyvinyl acetate and 82wt% ene-propylene-butene terpolymer;Fire retardant includes 32wt% aluminium boride and 68wt%2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine;Antioxidant include 58wt% titanium diboride and 42wt% guanidine stearic acid salt;The number-average molecular weight of poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane is 5400;Melamine formaldehyde resin Number-average molecular weight be 3000.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, includes the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde Resin, polyvinyl acetate, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- three Piperazine, titanium diboride, guanidine stearic acid salt, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially to high-speed mixer High speed premixes 3~5 minutes, and then melting extrusion is granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtains ABS material, double screw extruder Each silicon carbide be respectively as follows: 195 DEG C of a section, two 200 DEG C of sections, three and four 204 DEG C of sections, five 212 DEG C of sections, die head temperature Degree is 220 DEG C, and extruder feeder revolving speed is 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
Comparative example 1:
A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming mainly includes by weight following component:
Toughener includes 15wt% polyvinyl acetate and 85wt% ene-propylene-butene terpolymer;Fire retardant includes 30wt% aluminium boride and 70wt%2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine;Antioxidant include 56wt% titanium diboride and 44wt% guanidine stearic acid salt;The number-average molecular weight of poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane is 5200.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, includes the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, polyvinyl acetate, second Alkene-propene-1-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine, titanium diboride, stearic acid Guanidine, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially to high-speed mixer high speed and premix 3 minutes, with Melting extrusion is granulated on the twin screw extruder afterwards, obtains ABS material, each silicon carbide of double screw extruder is respectively as follows: one 185 DEG C of section, two 195 DEG C of sections, three and four 202 DEG C of sections, five 208 DEG C of sections, die head temperature are 210 DEG C, extruder feeding Device revolving speed is 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
Comparative example 2:
A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming mainly includes by weight following component:
Toughener is ene-propylene-butene terpolymer;Fire retardant includes 30wt% aluminium boride and 70wt%2,4,6- Three (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazines;Antioxidant includes 56wt% titanium diboride and 44wt% guanidine stearic acid salt;Poly- aminoalkyl second The number-average molecular weight of base dialkoxy silicane is 5200;The number-average molecular weight of melamine formaldehyde resin is 2600.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, includes the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde Resin, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine, titanium diboride, Guanidine stearic acid salt, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially to high-speed mixer high speed and premix 3 points Clock, then melting extrusion is granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtains ABS material, each silicon carbide difference of double screw extruder Are as follows: 185 DEG C of a section, two 195 DEG C of sections, three and four 202 DEG C of sections, five 208 DEG C of sections, die head temperature are 210 DEG C, extruder Feeder revolving speed is 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
Comparative example 3:
A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming mainly includes by weight following component:
Toughener includes 16wt% polyvinyl acetate and 84wt% ene-propylene-butene terpolymer;Fire retardant is 2, 4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine;Antioxidant includes 57wt% titanium diboride and 43wt% guanidine stearic acid salt;Poly- amino alkane The number-average molecular weight of base ethyl dialkoxy silicane is 5300;The number-average molecular weight of melamine formaldehyde resin is 2800.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, includes the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde Resin, polyvinyl acetate, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine, two boronations Titanium, guanidine stearic acid salt, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially to high-speed mixer high speed premix 4 minutes, then melting extrusion was granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtained ABS material, each silicon carbide point of double screw extruder Not are as follows: 190 DEG C of a section, two 198 DEG C of sections, three and four 203 DEG C of sections, five 210 DEG C of sections, die head temperature are 212 DEG C, are squeezed out Machine feeder revolving speed is 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
Comparative example 4:
A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming mainly includes by weight following component:
Toughener includes 16wt% polyvinyl acetate and 84wt% ene-propylene-butene terpolymer;Fire retardant includes 31wt% aluminium boride and 69wt%2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine;Antioxidant is titanium diboride;Poly- aminoalkyl The number-average molecular weight of ethyl dialkoxy silicane is 5300;The number-average molecular weight of melamine formaldehyde resin is 2800.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, includes the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde Resin, polyvinyl acetate, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- three Piperazine, titanium diboride, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially to high-speed mixer high speed premix 4 minutes, then melting extrusion was granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtained ABS material, each silicon carbide point of double screw extruder Not are as follows: 190 DEG C of a section, two 198 DEG C of sections, three and four 203 DEG C of sections, five 210 DEG C of sections, die head temperature are 212 DEG C, are squeezed out Machine feeder revolving speed is 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
Comparative example 5:
A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming mainly includes by weight following component:
Toughener includes 18wt% polyvinyl acetate and 82wt% ene-propylene-butene terpolymer;Fire retardant includes 32wt% aluminium boride and 68wt%2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine;Antioxidant include 58wt% titanium diboride and 42wt% guanidine stearic acid salt;The number-average molecular weight of poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane is 5400;Melamine formaldehyde resin Number-average molecular weight be 3000.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, includes the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde Resin, polyvinyl acetate, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- three Piperazine, titanium diboride, guanidine stearic acid salt, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially to high-speed mixer high speed and premix 3~5 minutes, Then melting extrusion is granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtains ABS material, each silicon carbide of double screw extruder is respectively as follows: One 195 DEG C of section, two 200 DEG C of sections, three and four 204 DEG C of sections, five 212 DEG C of sections, die head temperature are 220 DEG C, and extruder is fed Glassware revolving speed is 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
Comparative example 6:
A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming mainly includes by weight following component:
Toughener includes 18wt% polyvinyl acetate and 82wt% ene-propylene-butene terpolymer;Fire retardant includes 32wt% aluminium boride and 68wt%2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine;Antioxidant include 58wt% titanium diboride and 42wt% guanidine stearic acid salt;The number-average molecular weight of poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane is 5400;Melamine formaldehyde resin Number-average molecular weight be 3000.
A kind of preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, includes the following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde Resin, polyvinyl acetate, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- three Piperazine, titanium diboride, guanidine stearic acid salt, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene are added sequentially to high-speed mixer high speed and premix 3~5 points Clock, then melting extrusion is granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtains ABS material, each silicon carbide difference of double screw extruder Are as follows: 195 DEG C of a section, two 200 DEG C of sections, three and four 204 DEG C of sections, five 212 DEG C of sections, die head temperature are 220 DEG C, extruder Feeder revolving speed is 10Hz, engine speed 25Hz.
Anti-oxidant test:
Finished product is made through injection moulding in the ABS material mixing granulator according to made from any of the above-described embodiment or comparative example, Product is placed under the medical ultraviolet lamp of 45W Continuous irradiation 600 hours, is then taken out, if finished product is without aging, hardening and shrinks existing As, and surface is not turned to be yellow, then it is otherwise " unqualified " that discriminating test result, which is " qualification ",.
The performance test results of embodiment and comparative example are listed below:
Table 1
By the test data in table 1 it is found that embodiment 1~implementation 3 is compared with comparative example 1~6, intensity is high, flame retardant property Preferably, therefore can preferably be applied to require high intensity, the packaging of high fire-retardance, daily necessities, electronic apparatus, object for appreciation to ABS material The industries such as tool, instrument, transport and machine manufacture.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming, which is characterized in that mainly include following component by weight:
2. the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the toughener include 15~ 18wt% polyvinyl acetate and 82~85wt% ene-propylene-butene terpolymer.
3. the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the fire retardant include 30~ 32wt% aluminium boride and 68~70wt%2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine.
4. the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the antioxidant include 56~ 58wt% titanium diboride and 42~44wt% guanidine stearic acid salt.
5. the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the poly- aminoalkyl ethyl two The number-average molecular weight of alkoxy silane is 5200~5400.
6. the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the melamine formaldehyde resin Number-average molecular weight be 2600~3000.
7. the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include the horse of 1~3 parts by weight Maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene.
8. the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include 0.5~2 parts by weight Epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate.
9. the preparation method of the ABS material of described in any item high-strength anti-flamings according to claim 1~8, which is characterized in that packet Include following steps:
Take acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer, poly- aminoalkyl ethyl dialkoxy silicane, melamine-formaldehyde tree Rouge, polyvinyl acetate, ene-propylene-butene terpolymer, aluminium boride, 2,4,6- tri- (five halogen benzyls) -1,3,5- triazine, Titanium diboride, guanidine stearic acid salt, maleic anhydride grafted polyethylene, epoxy Siberian cocklebur butyl oleate are added sequentially in high-speed mixer high Speed premix 3~5 minutes, then melting extrusion is granulated on the twin screw extruder, obtains ABS material.
10. the preparation method of the ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the twin-screw Each silicon carbide of extruder is respectively as follows: 185~195 DEG C of a section, two 195~200 DEG C of sections, three and four sections 202~204 DEG C, five 208~212 DEG C of sections, die head temperature is 210~220 DEG C, and extruder feeder revolving speed is 10Hz, and engine speed is 25Hz。
CN201910523685.0A 2019-06-17 2019-06-17 A kind of ABS material of high-strength anti-flaming and preparation method thereof Pending CN110229458A (en)

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