CN110226557A - A kind of monitor set, oxygenation, the shrimp rice to feed intake in one make cultivation apparatus altogether - Google Patents

A kind of monitor set, oxygenation, the shrimp rice to feed intake in one make cultivation apparatus altogether Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110226557A
CN110226557A CN201910576951.6A CN201910576951A CN110226557A CN 110226557 A CN110226557 A CN 110226557A CN 201910576951 A CN201910576951 A CN 201910576951A CN 110226557 A CN110226557 A CN 110226557A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
oxygenation
monitor
water
air
bait
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Pending
Application number
CN201910576951.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
文小玲
李小三
胡帅
喻盈
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Wuhan Institute of Technology
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Wuhan Institute of Technology
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Priority to CN201910576951.6A priority Critical patent/CN110226557A/en
Publication of CN110226557A publication Critical patent/CN110226557A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/80Feeding devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F25/00Flow mixers; Mixers for falling materials, e.g. solid particles
    • B01F25/80Falling particle mixers, e.g. with repeated agitation along a vertical axis
    • B01F25/90Falling particle mixers, e.g. with repeated agitation along a vertical axis with moving or vibrating means, e.g. stirrers, for enhancing the mixing
    • B01F25/901Falling particle mixers, e.g. with repeated agitation along a vertical axis with moving or vibrating means, e.g. stirrers, for enhancing the mixing using one central conveyor or several separate conveyors, e.g. belt, screw conveyors or vibrating tables, for discharging flows from receptacles, e.g. in layers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F7/00Aeration of stretches of water
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01GWEIGHING
    • G01G17/00Apparatus for or methods of weighing material of special form or property
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/18Water
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F2101/00Mixing characterised by the nature of the mixed materials or by the application field
    • B01F2101/06Mixing of food ingredients
    • B01F2101/18Mixing animal food ingredients
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/007Contaminated open waterways, rivers, lakes or ponds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/20Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from animal husbandry
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of monitor set, oxygenation, feeds intake and make cultivation apparatus altogether in integrated shrimp rice, including pontoon and the component that feeds intake being arranged on pontoon, oxygenation component, water quality monitoring component, cruise module and monitor terminal, the component that feeds intake, oxygenation component, water quality monitoring component, cruise module and pontoon are electrically connected with monitor terminal respectively.The beneficial effects of the present invention are: it is interrelated in one, and to each other to have monitoring, oxygenation, the function that feeds intake, it is ensured that cultivation efficiently carries out.

Description

A kind of monitor set, oxygenation, the shrimp rice to feed intake in one make cultivation apparatus altogether
Technical field
The present invention relates to cultural technique field more particularly to a kind of monitor set, oxygenation, feeds intake and supported altogether in integrated shrimp rice Grow device.
Background technique
In recent years, people pursued cray diet, rose the cray aquaculture general trend of events, but in current shrimp rice Make in plant breeding model altogether still in using the extensive management mode artificially cultivated by hand, not only manpower being caused to provide on a large scale Source waste, the problems such as aquaculture cost is high low with production efficiency, can't understand in time shrimp rice make altogether in breeding environment parameter it is true Truth condition, such as water quality pH value, dissolved oxygen concentration and water temperature.
To realize that cray cultivation develops towards intelligent, information-based direction, had already appeared on the market for water at present The devices such as automatic feeder, aerator, the water quality monitor of product cultivating, but not yet it is a be exclusively used in that shrimp rice makees altogether support Grow device.
In terms of water quality monitoring, shrimp rice make altogether in the breeding environmental parameter of cray need to monitor always, as water quality dissolves Oxygen concentration and pH value directly affect the survival condition of cray under high cultivation density and whether the phenomenon that escaping on a large scale occur; The dosage that water temperature directly feeds bait to cray has an impact, when water temperature can stop feeding cray lower than 16 DEG C, to water temperature After 16 DEG C, then refeeding;It is not only related with water temperature when being fed to cray at the aspect that feeds intake, it also needs according to small The life habit of lobster, accomplish fixed point, timing, it is quantitative feed, feeding volume be lower than normal value when, be unfavorable for the life of cray Long, when feeding volume is higher than normal value, extra biological feed needs the oxygen consumption type microorganism in water to be decomposed, meeting when serious The dissolved oxygen concentration and pH value for causing cultivation water deviate normal value.When occurring feeding excessive phenomenon, need to pass through in time This carries out aerobic treatment to region water quality come the decomposition and diffusion that accelerate bait, and aquatic environment is made quickly to be restored to positive reason Condition;In terms of oxygenation, raiser usually makees Tanaka's raising cultivation density in shrimp rice to realize higher culture efficiency and output altogether Rate, and highdensity cultivation will cause the phenomenon that dissolved oxygen deficiency occurs in cultivation water influences the normal growth of cray and numerous It grows.
And at present on the market for aquaculture water quality monitor, aerator, batch charger be all can only be independent complete At respective monitoring, oxygenation, feed function, do not account in shrimp rice makees altogether the dissolved oxygen concentration, pH value of water quality, water temperature and Correlation between aerator, batch charger, while there is still a need for poultry feeders, and artificial unlatching and pass are carried out to each device It closes, not only the amount of labour is larger, and the linkage and timeliness of links are also poor.
For example, not only needing the influence for considering water temperature when feeding, also needs to accomplish fixed point, quantify, the principle of timing, and mesh It is preceding on the market feed machine, be all that can only feed around bait a fixed position, not account for water temperature factor also not Be able to satisfy cray feeds principles and requirements;In oxygenation, oxygen increasing equipment on the market can only generally also lead in a fixed position It crosses mechanical agitation surface water body or increases the mobility of water body to increase the dissolved oxygen concentration of water quality, do not account for cray The regionality and the influence of water depth etc. of growth and breeding, cannot be i.e. when some, which feeds a little, occurs feeding excess, anoxic When quick oxygenation is carried out to the region, a fixed point need to be leaned against and carry out oxygenation to increase the concentration of the dissolved oxygen in whole waters, Not only oxygenation speed is slow in this way, it is also poor to waste electric energy, oxygenation effect, but also the volume of aerator is larger, is fixed on shrimp rice and makees altogether When in the shrimp ditch in field, other cultivation behaviors of poultry feeders can be seriously hindered;When being monitored to cultivation water, existing water Matter monitor, only responsible water quality monitoring function not by water quality monitoring and oxygenation, the devices such as feed and link, when shrimp rice is total Make water quality in farmland when something goes wrong, cannot quickly be solved at the first time.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by the invention is to provide a kind of monitor set, oxygenation, feeds intake and supported altogether in integrated shrimp rice Device is grown, to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art described above.
The technical scheme to solve the above technical problems is that a kind of monitor set, oxygenation, feed intake in one shrimp rice Make cultivation apparatus altogether, including pontoon and the component that feeds intake being arranged on pontoon, oxygenation component, water quality monitoring component, cruise mould Block and monitor terminal, the component that feeds intake, oxygenation component, water quality monitoring component, cruise module and pontoon are electrically connected with monitor terminal respectively It connects.
Based on the above technical solution, the present invention can also be improved as follows.
In the above scheme, oxygenation component includes air blower and air-exhausting duct, and air blower is arranged on pontoon, air-exhausting duct it is upper End is connected with the air outlet of air blower, and the lower end of air-exhausting duct stretches to liquid level hereinafter, the lower end of air-exhausting duct is in net type Openworks shape; Air blower is electrically connected with monitor terminal.
In the above scheme, oxygenation component further includes the first push-rod electric machine, ventilation duct and bellows, the air inlet of ventilation duct Mouth is connected with the air outlet of air blower, and the air outlet of ventilation duct is connected by bellows with the upper end of air-exhausting duct, and first Push-rod electric machine is arranged on ventilation duct, and the telescopic rod of the first push-rod electric machine is connect in ventilation duct with the bottom of bellows;The One push-rod electric machine is electrically connected with monitor terminal.
In the above scheme, the component that feeds intake includes bait case, vertical mixer, weigh assembly, passage, water pump and guide Disk, vertical mixer are arranged on pontoon, and bait case is arranged on vertical mixer, the discharge port and vertical mixer of bait case Inner cavity be connected, the discharge port of bait case is equipped with the first valve by the first relay control switch;Weigh assembly setting In the lower section of vertical mixer, and the discharge port of vertical mixer is connected with the weighing chamber of weigh assembly, vertical mixer Discharge port is equipped with the second valve by the second relay control switch, and material guiding plate arranges that under water, material guiding plate is equipped with multiple The both ends of discharge hole, passage are connected with material guiding plate and weigh assembly respectively, and the water inlet of water pump stretches to the water surface hereinafter, water pump Water outlet be connected with the inner cavity of passage, vertical mixer, weigh assembly and water pump are electrically connected with monitor terminal respectively.
In the above scheme, vertical mixer include cabinet, it is motor, mixing drum, screw rod, helical-blade paddle, cross bar, first solid Fixed pole, mixing drum are arranged in cabinet, and the surface for the discharge port being located on cabinet, mixing drum pass through more first fixed links It is connected with cabinet, there is gap between the lower end of mixing drum and the inner wall of cabinet, motor is arranged in the top of mixing drum, and electricity Machine is connected by more cross bars with cabinet, and screw rod is vertically arranged in mixing drum, the upper end of screw rod and the output shaft phase of motor The lower end of connection, screw rod is free end, and helical-blade paddle is wound around on screw rod, and motor is electrically connected with monitor terminal.
In the above scheme, vertical mixer further includes baffle and the second fixed link, and baffle exists in cone, baffle arrangement The top of motor, and motor is blocked, baffle is connected by more second fixed links with the lower end of mixing drum.
In the above scheme, weigh assembly includes weighing chamber, weighing pan and the second push-rod electric machine, the discharge port and title of cabinet The upper end opening of weight room is connected, and weighing pan is arranged at the lower ending opening of weighing chamber, and weighing pan passes through the second push-rod electric machine and case Body is connected, and the second push-rod electric machine is during driving weighing pan to carry out mobile so that the lower ending opening of weighing chamber plays open and close It closes, weighing pan and the second push-rod electric machine are electrically connected with monitor terminal respectively.
In the above scheme, passage includes major ingredient pipe and more branch's expects pipes, the both ends of more branch's expects pipes respectively with The discharge port of major ingredient pipe is connected with material guiding plate, the lower ending opening of the feed inlet face weighing chamber of major ingredient pipe;The water inlet of water pump is stretched Enter to the water surface hereinafter, the water outlet of water pump is connected with the inner cavity of major ingredient pipe.
In the above scheme, passage further includes multiple seismic mass, on major ingredient pipe in a ring be embedded with multiple seismic mass, The centre of structure made of all seismic mass enclose has gap.
In the above scheme, the bottom of material guiding plate is equipped with multiple LED light.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1) water quality monitoring component can supervise in real time the aquatic environments such as water temperature, pH value and dissolved oxygen parameter in cruise It surveys, oxygenation is made according to the life habit of shrimp by monitor terminal analysis data and feeds instruction;
2) in cruise oxygenation process, air-exhausting duct is controlled by the first push-rod electric machine and submerges the height in water, using gas explosion Method mode injects air into shrimp ditch, reaches specified region oxygenation, does not destroy the original ecological environment in waters, makes oxygenation effect more Significant effective, oxygenation speed are rapider;Meanwhile oxygenation component can also be briefly opened after feeding intake and accelerates fed bait Diffusion velocity opens the decomposition that oxygen-supplying function accelerates bait, water environment is made to reach equilibrium state as early as possible when feeding intake excessive;
3) bait is passed through in from the bottom of box by mixing drum and stirrer paddle by the quick rotation of motor control screw rod The heart is promoted to top, then flies to throw with umbrella and be scattered, and is back to bottom, so that bait rolling stirring up and down in cabinet, in the short time Can by a large amount of bait stir it is loose uniformly, avoid the blocky adhesion of bait and feed it is uneven, convenient for the title of subsequent bait Weight and raising feed efficiency;
4) switch of vertical mixer discharge port is adjusted by monitoring the qualitative data of weighing pan, while being adjusted second and being pushed away The gear of bar motor come control weighing chamber outlet switch, discharge port, the second push-rod electric machine are closed when quality reaches setting value It shrinks push rod and drives weighing disk detachment weighing chamber, indoor bait of weighing falls to passage, is spaced the second push-rod electric machine after 3s Elongate pushrod, weighing pan and weighing chamber are closed, while the discharge port of vertical mixer is opened, and bait falls into weighing chamber progress again Metering so repeats aforesaid operations and feeds specified amount bait until reaching, to realize quantitative bait feeding requirement, saves and throws The optimum growh environment fed cost, keep shrimp improves production efficiency;
5) passage is mainly made of seismic mass, major ingredient pipe and branch's expects pipe, and the quantitative bait after weighing pan metering passes through Intrinsic frequency trembles so that passage avoids the obstruction of bait dropping process, while passing through water in dynamic above and below seismic mass Pump mixes the water in shrimp ditch with bait, feeds by branch's expects pipe to the effect of shrimp ditch and clean tube wall, branch convenient for bait What the design of expects pipe and material guiding plate can expand bait feeds area, avoids feeding bait and accumulates and be unevenly distributed in water, makes Rotten problem is store long at a large amount of aggregations of shrimp and bait.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is monitor set of the present invention, oxygenation, feeds intake and make the structural schematic diagram of cultivation apparatus altogether in integrated shrimp rice;
Fig. 2 is monitor set of the present invention, oxygenation, feeds intake and make the top view of cultivation apparatus altogether in integrated shrimp rice;
Fig. 3 is the partial structure diagram of vertical mixer;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of material guiding plate;
Fig. 5 is the work flow diagram of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is oxygenation component operation flow chart of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the component operation flow chart that feeds intake of the invention;
Fig. 8 is the cleaning model flow chart of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the system architecture diagram of apparatus of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The principle and features of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings, and the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, and It is non-to be used to limit the scope of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Fig. 3, shown in fig. 4, fig. 9, a kind of monitor set, oxygenation, the shrimp rice to feed intake in one make cultivation altogether and fill It sets, including pontoon 1 and the component 2 that feeds intake being arranged on pontoon 1, oxygenation component 3, water quality monitoring component 4,5 and of cruise module Monitor terminal 6, the component 2 that feeds intake, oxygenation component 3, water quality monitoring component 4, cruise module 5 and pontoon 1 are electric with monitor terminal 6 respectively Connection, cruise module 5 include GPS and radar, which advises in the task of execution, through GPS and radar according to the shrimp field of importing It draws path node and carries out automatic running and avoidance, in the process of moving, water quality monitoring component 4 carries out aquatic environment parameter in real time Acquisition, monitor terminal 6 integrates analysis of data collected, and control device carries out oxygenation and feeding (at the manor of shrimp) at node Task, while the water quality data monitored is uploaded to data Cloud Server by GPRS and carries out backup and analysis decision processing, phase Pass personnel can browse data and be manipulated by cell phone application and Web client, the various functions of setting device and parameter.
Pontoon 1 includes hull 110, fly rod 120, propeller set 130 and floating ball 140, and propeller set 130 is arranged in ship The tail portion of body 110, propeller set 130 are mainly used for that hull 110 is driven to move in water, and the two sides of hull 110 are equipped with floating Bar 120, every fly rod 120 are equipped with floating ball 140 far from one end of hull 110, and the addition of fly rod 120 and floating ball 140 is mainly Increase the buoyancy of hull 110 and keep the balance of hull 110, floating ball 140 is equipped with slot, can place water quality monitoring in slot Component 4, water quality monitoring component 4 carry out real-time monitoring to the aquatic environments parameter such as water temperature, pH value and dissolved oxygen, and by real time data Monitor terminal 6 is reported to by modes such as serial ports, and water quality monitoring component 4 includes at least temperature sensor, pH value sensor and molten Lambda sensor is solved, temperature sensor, pH value sensor and dissolved oxygen sensor can be placed in the slot of floating ball 140, passes through rotation Turn the nut outside floating ball 140 and carry out the depth that adjusting screw rod submerges to block sensor probe, sensor probe is immersed in the water monitoring Water quality parameter.
Oxygenation component 3 includes air blower 310 and air-exhausting duct 320, and air blower 310 is arranged on pontoon 1, air blower 310 Upward, the upper end of air-exhausting duct 320 is connected air inlet with the air outlet of air blower 310, and the lower end of air-exhausting duct 320 stretches to liquid level Hereinafter, the lower end of air-exhausting duct 320 is in net type Openworks shape, around it is covered with tiny circular hole, is conducive to the radial injection air into water, Increase oxygenation area and the aquatic organisms such as fishes and shrimps is avoided to enter air-exhausting duct 320;Air blower 310 is electrically connected with monitor terminal 6.
Oxygenation component 3 further includes the first push-rod electric machine 330, ventilation duct 340 and bellows 350, the air inlet of ventilation duct 340 Mouth is connected with the air outlet of air blower 310, and the air outlet of ventilation duct 340 passes through the upper end of bellows 350 and air-exhausting duct 320 It is connected, the first push-rod electric machine 330 is arranged on ventilation duct 340, and the telescopic rod of the first push-rod electric machine 330 is in ventilation duct 340 It is connect with the bottom of bellows 350, by controlling the gear of the first push-rod electric machine 330, the length of adjustment bellows 350 is come The water-immersed height of water level of air-exhausting duct 320 is set, have the function that best oxygenation position and accelerates to feed bait diffusion velocity, First push-rod electric machine 330 is electrically connected with monitor terminal 6.
Oxygenation component 3 further includes the first connection swivel nut 360 and the second connection swivel nut 370, wherein the outlet air of air blower 310 Mouth is connected by the first connection swivel nut 360 with the air inlet of ventilation duct 340, and the air outlet of ventilation duct 340 passes through the second connection spiral shell Set 370 is connected with bellows 350 far from one end of air-exhausting duct 320, and the first connection swivel nut 360 and second connects swivel nut 370 It is added, is primarily to facilitate size matching and part replacement, the quantity of set oxygenation component 3 is preferably two on pontoon 1, and two Oxygenation component 3 is arranged symmetrically on the two sides of pontoon 1.
The centre of pontoon 1 is arranged in the component 2 that feeds intake, and the component 2 that feeds intake includes bait case 210, vertical mixer 220, weighing Component 230, passage 240, water pump 250 and material guiding plate 260, vertical mixer 220 are arranged on pontoon 1, and bait case 210 is arranged On vertical mixer 220,210 appearance of bait case is in rectangle, is equipped with pull ring outside, is marked with containing mark, is convenient for bait case 210 transport and the Quantitative charging of bait are embedded with domatic stock guide 211 inside bait case 210, so that the bait of filling is in bait It is in inverted trapezoidal in case 210, is conducive to subsequent bait and falls in vertical mixer 220, bait is avoided to store up in bait case 210 Product, the discharge port of bait case 210 are connected with the inner cavity of vertical mixer 220, and the discharge port of bait case 210 is equipped with by first First valve of relay control switch can by monitor terminal 6 or manually when bait case 210 and vertical mixer 220 assemble Controlling the first relay opens and closes the discharge port of bait case 210, and bait case 210 and vertical mixer 220 are connected, bait Material enters vertical mixer 220 along domatic stock guide 211;When unloading bait case 210, it is closed discharge port, bait can be carried Case 210 carries out filling bait, metering filling can be carried out to bait by bait case 210, and since vertical mixer 220 has phase When big volume space designs, allows bait case 210 to carry out multiple filling and serve as the effect of charging box, can execute The discharge port for feeding opening bait case 210 when bait in task is insufficient or dosage is fed feeds, and therefore, feeds maximum bait Material capacity is at least 2 times of 210 capacity of bait case.
The lower section of vertical mixer 220, and the discharge port and weighing group of vertical mixer 220 is arranged in weigh assembly 230 The weighing chamber 231 of part 230 is connected, and the discharge port of vertical mixer 220 is equipped with by the second of the second relay control switch Valve, material guiding plate 260 arrange under water, material guiding plate 260 be equipped with multiple discharge holes 261, the both ends of passage 240 respectively with lead Charging tray 260 is connected with weigh assembly 230, the water inlet of water pump 250 stretch to the water surface hereinafter, water pump 250 water outlet and guide The inner cavity of pipe 240 is connected, and vertical mixer 220, weigh assembly 230 and water pump 250 are electrically connected with monitor terminal 6 respectively.
Vertical mixer 220 includes cabinet 221, motor 222, mixing drum 223, screw rod 224, helical-blade paddle 225, cross bar 226, there are the hollow out concave card slot of rectangle in the first fixed link 227, the upper end of cabinet 221, the feeding inlet phase contract with bait case 210 Close, bait case 210 facilitated to dismount, mixing drum 223 is arranged in cabinet 221, and the discharge port being located on cabinet 221 just on Side, mixing drum 223 is connected by more first fixed links 227 with cabinet 221, and the lower end of mixing drum 223 is interior with cabinet 221 There is gap, motor 222 is arranged in the top of mixing drum 223, and motor 222 passes through more cross bars 226 and cabinet 221 between wall It is connected, screw rod 224 is vertically arranged in mixing drum 223, and the upper end of screw rod 224 is connected with the output shaft of motor 222, screw rod 224 lower end is free end, and helical-blade paddle 225 is wound around on screw rod 224, and motor 222 is electrically connected with monitor terminal 6, passes through electricity Bait is passed through mixing drum 223 and helical-blade paddle 225 by bottom from 221 bottom of cabinet by the quick rotation that machine 222 controls screw rod 224 Central lift is to top, then flies to throw with umbrella and be scattered, and is back to bottom, so that bait rolling stirring up and down in cabinet 221, in short-term In can by a large amount of bait stir it is loose uniformly.
Vertical mixer 220 further includes baffle 228 and the second fixed link 229, and baffle 228 is arranged in cone, baffle 228 In the top of motor 222, and motor 222 is blocked, the lower end that baffle 228 passes through more second fixed links 229 and mixing drum 223 It is connected, motor 222 blocks protection by baffle 228, and bait is avoided to touch motor 222 during tumbling.
Weigh assembly 230 include weighing chamber 231, weighing pan 232 and the second push-rod electric machine 233, the discharge port of cabinet 221 with The upper end opening of weighing chamber 231 is connected, and the second valve is arranged in the discharge port of cabinet 221, and the second valve size gear is by the Two relays are controllable, can (lobster bait in the market is generally tiny graininess or oatmeal shape according to the type of bait;Agriculture The lobster bait of family processing is generally sticky shape) it is different and feed flow rate that is quantitatively how many and adjusting bait whereabouts.
For weighing chamber 231 preferably in inner hollow, the cylindrical shape of both ends open, weighing chamber 231 is arranged in weighing pan 232 At lower ending opening, weighing pan 232 is connected by the second push-rod electric machine 233 with cabinet 221, and the second push-rod electric machine 233 is driving Weighing pan 232 carries out during moving so that the lower ending opening of weighing chamber 231 opens and closes, it is usually preferred to, the second push rod Motor 233 controls weighing pan 232 and moves horizontally, and weighing pan 232 and the second push-rod electric machine 233 are electrically connected with monitor terminal 6 respectively, The second valve switch in 221 discharge port of cabinet is adjusted by monitoring the qualitative data of weighing pan 232, while being adjusted second and being pushed away The gear of bar motor 233 controls the position moved horizontally of weighing pan 232 to reach the switch to weighing chamber 231, for example, The second valve is closed when the qualitative data on weighing pan 232 reaches setting value, is adjusted 233 gear level of the second push-rod electric machine and is received Contracting push rod drives weighing pan 232 to be detached from weighing chamber 231, and the bait in weighing chamber 231 will fall to passage 240, time interval Second push-rod electric machine, 233 elongate pushrod after 3s, weighing pan 232 are closed again with weighing chamber 231, while the second valve is opened, bait Material falls into weighing chamber 231 again and is measured, and so repeats aforesaid operations until the bait for feeding specified amount is reached, to realize Quantitative bait feeding requirement, the optimum growh environment saved and feed cost, keep shrimp improve production efficiency.
Passage 240 include major ingredient pipe 241 and Duo Gen branch expects pipe 242, the both ends of more branch's expects pipes 242 respectively with master The discharge port of expects pipe 241 is connected with material guiding plate 260, the lower ending opening of the feed inlet face weighing chamber 231 of major ingredient pipe 241;Water pump 250 water inlet stretches to the water surface hereinafter, the water outlet of water pump 250 is connected with the inner cavity of major ingredient pipe 241, it is generally the case that Water pipe is housed, water pipe is connected to be placed outside in branch's expects pipe 242 at the upper side of the junction of major ingredient pipe 241 and branch's expects pipe 242 Water pump 250, by control water pump 250 by shrimp ditch water be pumped into major ingredient pipe 241, after being mixed with the bait in major ingredient pipe 241 The material guiding plate 260 that lower section connects is flowed into via each branch's expects pipe 242, it will eventually by the discharge hole 261 of 260 bottom of material guiding plate Bait is launched at shrimp ditch node.
Passage 240 further includes multiple seismic mass 243, the middle part of major ingredient pipe 241 in a ring be embedded with multiple seismic mass 243, the centre of structure made of all seismic mass 243 enclose has gap, it is generally the case that set shake on major ingredient pipe 241 The quantity of motion block 243 is two, and one end that seismic mass 243 is embedded in inside major ingredient pipe 241 is hemispherical, seismic mass 243 and monitoring Terminal 6 connects, and after seismic mass 243 is opened, entire 241 vertical tremor of major ingredient pipe will be driven according to certain frequency, is thrown to major ingredient The bait of pipe 241 will slow down fall off rate at seismic mass 243, and since the vertical tremor of seismic mass 243 acts on, slowly pass through The gap crossed among two seismic mass 243 falls into 241 lower semisection of major ingredient pipe, avoids the obstruction for causing bait and blocky accumulation.
Material guiding plate 260 is in hollow huge cylindrical body, is able to maintain the balance of hull 1 and increases the buoyancy of hull 1, connection Each branch's expects pipe 242, bottom drive the close of the aquatic organisms such as fish, shrimp, worm equipped with LED light 262.
The Whole Work Flow of apparatus of the present invention as shown in figure 5, according to the cultured area of shrimp rice, shrimp growth stage and The quantity setting cruise node of shrimp, launch bait number, aquatic environment parameter threshold, the links parameter such as device action time, According to the weight of bait to be put determine whether to shift to an earlier date in vertical mixer 220 feed and feed number.
Operating mode is opened after device touching water, by the cooperation of logic judgment and each link, vertical mixer 220 will It is timed work, water quality monitoring component 4 will monitor aquatic environment and reported data gives the progress Data Analysis Services of monitor terminal 6 It is uploaded with data, pontoon 1 will cruise according to specified node path;After reaching node, opened if dissolved oxygen content deficiency Oxygenation task is opened, the component 2 that feeds intake of device is in standby if water temperature does not feed range be suitable for, and reported data is given Peasant household opens if shrimp ditch has the heating devices such as water pump and heats, and device starts to feed intake after reaching the water temperature condition to feed intake, if not having Heating device, the component 2 that feeds intake will be in standby after a period of time will subtract if the water temperature condition that temperature still not up to feeds intake 1/5 bait is fed at few node, and bait is avoided to accumulate and go bad for a long time, and cause mushroom to breed reduces with dissolved oxygen Deng influence.
Fixed point oxygenation is opened while feed intake task, accelerates the diffusion velocity and distribution area of bait, improves bait The utilization rate of material after the completion of the task that feeds intake of the node, then carries out once measuring weighing, be judged by weighing chamber 231 vertical Whether there are also bait in blender 220, if in vertical mixer 220 without bait storage if time opening bait case 210 discharging Mouthful, by the bait investment vertical mixer 220 in bait case 210, charging process is completed, then will be cruised to next specified Node continues task.
For 3 workflow of oxygenation component as shown in fig. 6, after receiving oxygenation assignment instructions, the first push-rod electric machine 330 adjusts shelves Position, bellows 350 by the first push-rod electric machine 330 elongated or shunk, and it is high to guarantee that air-exhausting duct 320 reaches specified water level Degree is then turned on air blower 310, and the air of suction is by ventilation duct 340 and bellows 350 by around air-exhausting duct 320 and bottom The circular hole gas vent in portion is discharged, and injects air into water and has the function that oxygenation and accelerate to launch bait diffusion.
After 2 workflow of component that feeds intake is as shown in fig. 7, bait enters vertical mixer 220 by bait case 210, open vertical Bait for a period of time, is stirred loose rear discharge port of opening and sets gear, bait slowly falls into title by 220 timing working of formula blender Weight room 231 is weighed, and after quality reaches setting value, closes discharge port and the second push-rod electric machine 233 of starting makes weighing pan 232 It is detached from weighing chamber 231, the bait of metering will be fallen into major ingredient pipe 241, via the shake up and down of 241 middle part seismic mass 243 of major ingredient pipe It is dynamic, the lower section of major ingredient pipe 241 is fallen into slowly through the gap among two pieces of seismic mass 243, the river water being pumped into water pump 250 is mixed Shrimp ditch is put by the discharge hole 261 of 260 bottom of material guiding plate by 242 sub-material of branch's expects pipe after conjunction.
The cleaning model process of apparatus of the present invention is as shown in figure 8, selection cleaning model, sets basic link parameter, to bait Topped up with water in hopper 210 is closed after the discharge port timing 6s of bait case 210, is opened vertical mixer 220 and is entered timing idle running fortune Make state, cleaning is carried out by stirring water, vertical mixer 220 stops closing after time opening discharge port 6s after stirring, whole Under a cleaning model, weighing pan 232 will always be in disengaged position, and weighing pan 232 is without mass metrology.Water will be directly over Major ingredient pipe 241 and in running order seismic mass 243 enter branch's expects pipe 242, and water pump 250 is in standby, and both may be used Be constantly in stop working state in a cleaning mode, can also manually opened water pump 250 draw water into major ingredient pipe 241, mention The efficiency of high cleaning device, final sewage are discharged via branch's expects pipe 242 from the discharge hole 261 of 260 bottom of material guiding plate, Ke Yiduo Secondary to carry out adding water cleaning the cleaning until device, remaining bait hoards rotten, growth bacterium in avoiding device.
Although the embodiments of the present invention has been shown and described above, it is to be understood that above-described embodiment is example Property, it is not considered as limiting the invention, those skilled in the art within the scope of the invention can be to above-mentioned Embodiment is changed, modifies, replacement and variant.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of monitor set, oxygenation, the shrimp rice to feed intake in one make cultivation apparatus altogether, which is characterized in that including pontoon (1) and The component that feeds intake (2), oxygenation component (3), water quality monitoring component (4), cruise module (5) and the prison being arranged on the pontoon (1) Control terminal (6), the component that feeds intake (2), the oxygenation component (3), the water quality monitoring component (4), the cruise module (5) It is electrically connected respectively with the monitor terminal (6) with the pontoon (1).
2. a kind of monitor set according to claim 1, oxygenation feed intake and make cultivation apparatus, feature altogether in integrated shrimp rice It is, the oxygenation component (3) includes air blower (310) and air-exhausting duct (320), and air blower (310) setting is described floating On ship (1), the upper end of the air-exhausting duct (320) is connected with the air outlet of the air blower (310), the air-exhausting duct (320) Lower end stretch to liquid level hereinafter, the lower end of the air-exhausting duct (320) is in net type Openworks shape;The air blower (310) with it is described Monitor terminal (6) electrical connection.
3. a kind of monitor set according to claim 2, oxygenation feed intake and make cultivation apparatus, feature altogether in integrated shrimp rice It is, the oxygenation component (3) further includes the first push-rod electric machine (330), ventilation duct (340) and bellows (350), described logical The air inlet of air hose (340) is connected with the air outlet of the air blower (310), and the air outlet of the ventilation duct (340) passes through Bellows (350) is connected with the upper end of the air-exhausting duct (320), and the first push-rod electric machine (330) setting is described logical On air hose (340), bottom of the telescopic rod of first push-rod electric machine (330) in ventilation duct (340) with bellows (350) Connection;First push-rod electric machine (330) is electrically connected with the monitor terminal (6).
4. a kind of monitor set according to claim 1, oxygenation feed intake and make cultivation apparatus, feature altogether in integrated shrimp rice It is, the component that feeds intake (2) includes bait case (210), vertical mixer (220), weigh assembly (230), passage (240), water pump (250) and material guiding plate (260), the vertical mixer (220) are arranged on the pontoon (1), the bait Case (210) is arranged on the vertical mixer (220), the discharge port and the vertical mixer of the bait case (210) (220) inner cavity is connected, and the discharge port of the bait case (210) is equipped with the first valve by the first relay control switch Door;The weigh assembly (230) setting is in the lower section of the vertical mixer (220), and the vertical mixer (220) goes out Material mouth is connected with the weighing chamber (231) of the weigh assembly (230), and the discharge port of the vertical mixer (220) is equipped with By the second valve of the second relay control switch, material guiding plate (260) arrangement under water, is set on the material guiding plate (260) Have multiple discharge holes (261), the both ends of the passage (240) respectively with the material guiding plate (260) and the weigh assembly (230) be connected, the water inlet of the water pump (250) stretch to the water surface hereinafter, the water pump (250) water outlet and the guide The inner cavity of pipe (240) is connected, and the vertical mixer (220), the weigh assembly (230) and the water pump (250) are respectively It is electrically connected with the monitor terminal (6).
5. a kind of monitor set according to claim 4, oxygenation feed intake and make cultivation apparatus, feature altogether in integrated shrimp rice It is, the vertical mixer (220) includes cabinet (221), motor (222), mixing drum (223), screw rod (224), helical-blade Paddle (225), cross bar (226), the first fixed link (227), the mixing drum (223) is arranged in the cabinet (221), and is located at The surface of discharge port on cabinet (221), the mixing drum (223) pass through more first fixed links (227) and the cabinet (221) it is connected, there is gap, the motor between the lower end of the mixing drum (223) and the inner wall of the cabinet (221) (222) it is arranged in the top of the mixing drum (223), and the motor (222) passes through more cross bars (226) and the cabinet (221) it is connected, the screw rod (224) is vertically arranged in the mixing drum (223), the upper end of the screw rod (224) and institute The output shaft for stating motor (222) is connected, and the lower end of the screw rod (224) is free end, and the helical-blade paddle (225) is wound around On the screw rod (224), the motor (222) is electrically connected with the monitor terminal (6).
6. a kind of monitor set according to claim 5, oxygenation feed intake and make cultivation apparatus, feature altogether in integrated shrimp rice It is, the vertical mixer (220) further includes baffle (228) and the second fixed link (229), and the baffle (228) is in circular cone Shape, the baffle (228) is arranged in the top of the motor (222), and blocks the motor (222), the baffle (228) It is connected by more second fixed links (229) with the lower end of the mixing drum (223).
7. a kind of monitor set according to claim 6, oxygenation feed intake and make cultivation apparatus, feature altogether in integrated shrimp rice It is, the weigh assembly (230) includes weighing chamber (231), weighing pan (232) and the second push-rod electric machine (233), the cabinet (221) discharge port is connected with the upper end opening of the weighing chamber (231), and the weighing pan (232) is arranged in the weighing chamber (231) at lower ending opening, the weighing pan (232) is connected by the second push-rod electric machine (233) with the cabinet (221), Second push-rod electric machine (233) is during driving weighing pan (232) to carry out mobile so that the lower end of weighing chamber (231) is opened Mouth opening and closing, the weighing pan (232) and second push-rod electric machine (233) are electrically connected with the monitor terminal (6) respectively It connects.
8. a kind of monitor set according to claim 7, oxygenation feed intake and make cultivation apparatus, feature altogether in integrated shrimp rice It is, the passage (240) includes major ingredient pipe (241) He Duogen branch expects pipe (242), and the two of more branch's expects pipes (242) End is connected with the discharge port of the major ingredient pipe (241) and the material guiding plate (260) respectively, the feed inlet of the major ingredient pipe (241) The lower ending opening of weighing chamber described in face (231);The water inlet of the water pump (250) stretches to the water surface hereinafter, the water pump (250) water outlet is connected with the inner cavity of the major ingredient pipe (241).
9. a kind of monitor set according to claim 8, oxygenation feed intake and make cultivation apparatus, feature altogether in integrated shrimp rice Be, the passage (240) further includes multiple seismic mass (243), on the major ingredient pipe (241) in a ring be embedded with it is multiple The centre of the seismic mass (243), structure made of all seismic mass (243) enclose has gap.
10. making cultivation altogether according to a kind of described in any item monitor sets of claim 4-9, oxygenation, the shrimp rice to feed intake in one and filling It sets, which is characterized in that the bottom of the material guiding plate (260) is equipped with multiple LED light (262).
CN201910576951.6A 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 A kind of monitor set, oxygenation, the shrimp rice to feed intake in one make cultivation apparatus altogether Pending CN110226557A (en)

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