CN110226542A - One kind is hung razor clam anti-season pond breeding method - Google Patents

One kind is hung razor clam anti-season pond breeding method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110226542A
CN110226542A CN201910466398.0A CN201910466398A CN110226542A CN 110226542 A CN110226542 A CN 110226542A CN 201910466398 A CN201910466398 A CN 201910466398A CN 110226542 A CN110226542 A CN 110226542A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
razor clam
breeding
hanging
season
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
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CN201910466398.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王春忠
孙富林
肖懿哲
林炫锋
朱淑钦
郑志鹏
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Putian City Natural Star Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Putian City Natural Star Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910466398.0A priority Critical patent/CN110226542A/en
Publication of CN110226542A publication Critical patent/CN110226542A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/50Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish
    • A01K61/54Culture of aquatic animals of shellfish of bivalves, e.g. oysters or mussels
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12NMICROORGANISMS OR ENZYMES; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF; PROPAGATING, PRESERVING, OR MAINTAINING MICROORGANISMS; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING; CULTURE MEDIA
    • C12N1/00Microorganisms, e.g. protozoa; Compositions thereof; Processes of propagating, maintaining or preserving microorganisms or compositions thereof; Processes of preparing or isolating a composition containing a microorganism; Culture media therefor
    • C12N1/12Unicellular algae; Culture media therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

It hangs razor clam anti-season pond breeding method the present invention provides one kind, establish water treatment pond, the water treatment pond is communicated with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, train high concentration Micro Algae for a certain area, high-quality Micro Algae is ingested for razor clam, it blocks extraneous Enteromorpha spore to enter aquaculture pond, prevents the growth of cultivating pool Enteromorpha from spreading unchecked;In pond, inside middle setting keeps off unrestrained drift net, and the gear unrestrained drift net direction is vertical with monsoon, reduces stimulation of the water flow to mature razor clam sexual gland.Compared with prior art, the present invention establishes water treatment pond, the processing pond is communicated with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, train the high-quality Micro Algae of high concentration for a certain area, prevent Enteromorpha spore in pond growth and breeding, high-quality bait is provided for aquaculture pond razor clam of hanging, the concentration of aquaculture pond Micro Algae is controlled with a definite target in view, mating period is delayed to hang razor clam sexal maturity, prevent the razor clam field of razor clam from drying in the shade and stimulation by running water, to block or reduce mature close shellfish Spawning, razor clam breeding period survival rate of hanging is improved, the sustainable healthy growth of anestrous season razor clam is promoted.

Description

One kind is hung razor clam anti-season pond breeding method
Technical field
It hangs razor clam anti-season pond breeding method the present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture more particularly to one kind.
Background technique
Razor clam, scientific name are hung razor clam, and alias " person of low position is celestial " belongs to mollusk, are Bivalvia curtain clam mesh shell-fishes, are lived in sea It is common seafood food materials among ocean.Shell is crisp and Bao Chengchang flat-square-shaped is from shell top to ventral margin the chase of one of diagonal, therefore Name is hung razor clam.Razor clam is the mollusk in shellfish, and meat nutrition is abundant, and nutritive value is high, China cultivation history extremely It is long, it is one of four great tradition cultivated shellfish of China, market is in great demand, and breeding prospect is good.Hang razor clam cultivation have it is at low cost, The advantages that period is short, yield is high, national annual output is at 800,000 tons or so.
Razor clam of hanging is gonochorism, and sexal maturity in 1 year, mating period varies in different localities, northern more early than south.Liaoning is hung the breeding of razor clam Phase until continuing as far as January in next year late June, 8~September of Shandong, Zhejiang and Fujian are since late September, breeding period Mid-October to mid-November is come across, 3 Cold Dew, the Frost's Descent and the Beginning of Winter solar term are equivalent to.By taking Fujian as an example, within razor clam Miao Yinian It is 4 centimetres or so long to form body, the 7-8 month harvests.What mature close shellfish was changed in mid-October to mid-November by external environment Stimulation, especially cooling, flowing water etc. stimulate, and cause a large amount of Spawnings, close shellfish is caused to have bad physiques and mortality.Water temperature later Low, the natural bait unit cell algae propagation decline of razor clam, Enteromorpha starts procreation and absorbs nutritive salt in water, and water quality is thin, and razor clam is supplied because of bait Deficiency is answered to occur mortality again, therefore individual is big, the good razor clam quantity of hanging of quality is quite few, and the market price is high, and supply falls short of demand.
In consideration of it, razor clam anti-season pond breeding method provided by the invention of hanging, environmental condition needed for being bred according to razor clam of hanging, resistance Close shellfish Spawning that is disconnected or reducing maturation, improves razor clam breeding period survival rate of hanging, while passing through dedicated pond culture high nutrition list The razor clam bait supply razor clam of born of the same parents algae is ingested, and guarantees the sustainable healthy growth of razor clam.
Summary of the invention
It hangs razor clam anti-season pond breeding method present invention solves the technical problem that being to provide one kind, improves pond razor clam of hanging and support Survival rate and sustainable healthy growth during breeding are grown, the razor clam that individual is big, quality is excellent is cultivated.
It hangs razor clam anti-season pond breeding method the present invention provides a kind of anti-season, comprising the following steps: arrange pond water To 10 centimeters hereinafter, full pool spilling head quick lime, disinfection terminate to intake for 7-10 days, fertilising cultivates basic biological feed, then to pond Razor clam seedling is sowed in the pool;Water treatment pond is established, the water treatment pond communicates with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, trains for a certain area highly concentrated It spends high-quality Micro Algae to ingest for razor clam, extraneous Enteromorpha spore is blocked to enter aquaculture pond;In pond, inside middle setting keeps off unrestrained drift net, institute It is vertical with monsoon to state gear unrestrained drift net direction.
Preferably, dosage of the quick lime in pond is 50 kgs/acre.
Preferably, if including staying pool razor clam in the pond, before breeding period, the razor clam field of razor clam repeatedly reveals dry yin and shines.
Preferably, the Micro Algae is one or more of boat-shaped algae, diamond shape algae etc. diatom.
Preferably, the pond shape is rectangle.
Preferably, the unrestrained drift net of the gear is every one section of insertion bamboo bar, and upper veil exposes the surface 20cm, is embedded in the razor clam field of razor clam below.
Preferably, the pond is slow into draining in razor clam mating period.
Preferably, draining lowest water level be higher than razor clam field of razor clam 5cm, prevent the razor clam field of razor clam it is dry expose private part it is dry.
Preferably, the pond culture through the 4-6 month, the month in next year 2-5 harvesting razor clam of hanging can grow to 7cm or more, the output value is than existing Cultivation improves 20% or more.
The present invention provides one kind and hangs razor clam anti-season pond breeding method, comprising the following steps: pond water is drained into 10 centimeters Hereinafter, full pool spilling head quick lime, disinfection terminate to intake for 7-10 days, fertilising is cultivated basic biological feed, is then sowed into pond Razor clam seedling;Water treatment pond is established, the water treatment pond is communicated with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, trains high concentration unit cell for a certain area Algae, high-quality Micro Algae are ingested for razor clam, and extraneous Enteromorpha spore is blocked to enter aquaculture pond, prevent the growth of cultivating pool Enteromorpha from spreading unchecked;? Inside middle setting in pond keeps off unrestrained drift net, and the gear unrestrained drift net direction is vertical with monsoon, reduces water flow to mature razor clam sexual gland Stimulation.Compared with prior art, the present invention establishes water treatment pond, which communicates with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, orients The high-quality Micro Algae of high concentration is cultivated, prevents Enteromorpha spore in pond growth and breeding, high-quality bait is provided for aquaculture pond razor clam of hanging, has The concentration for putting arrow control aquaculture pond Micro Algae, delays mating period to hang razor clam sexal maturity, prevents the razor clam field of razor clam from drying in the shade and stimulation by running water, thus Mature close shellfish Spawning is blocked or reduced, razor clam breeding period survival rate of hanging is improved, promotes the sustainable health of anestrous season razor clam Growth.
Specific embodiment
For a further understanding of the present invention, the preferred embodiment of the invention is described below with reference to embodiment, still It should be appreciated that these descriptions are only further explanation the features and advantages of the present invention, rather than to the claims in the present invention Limitation.
It hangs razor clam anti-season pond breeding method the embodiment of the invention discloses one kind, comprising the following steps: arrange pond water To 10 centimeters hereinafter, full pool spilling head quick lime, disinfection terminate to intake for 7-10 days, fertilising cultivates basic biological feed, then to pond Razor clam seedling is sowed in the pool;Water treatment pond is established, the water treatment pond communicates with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, trains for a certain area highly concentrated It spends high-quality Micro Algae to ingest for razor clam, extraneous Enteromorpha spore is blocked to enter aquaculture pond;In pond, inside middle setting keeps off unrestrained drift net, institute It is vertical with monsoon to state gear unrestrained drift net direction.
Preferably, dosage of the quick lime in pond is 50 kgs/acre.
Preferably, if including staying pool razor clam in the pond, before breeding period, the razor clam field of razor clam repeatedly reveals dry yin It shines.On the one hand it is the strong shape for tempering razor clam seedling, is on the other hand to improve razor clam field of razor clam soil organic decomposition, some harmful substances are oxidized, Preferably improve the benthic environment for razor clam of hanging.
The present invention establishes water treatment pond, prevents Enteromorpha spore in pond growth and breeding, while providing for aquaculture pond razor clam of hanging Certain bait, controls the concentration of aquaculture pond Micro Algae, razor clam sexal maturity of slowly hanging, and the Micro Algae is in boat-shaped algae, diamond shape algae etc. One or more of diatoms.
For pond structure, since razor clam breeding period is hung in late September in Fujian, the most of the time belongs to northeaster and wind-force Greatly.Pond structure is preferably rectangle, and the more a length of southwestward of pool side reduces stormy waves intensity in pond, reduces water flow in pond Intensity.
Every one section of insertion bamboo bar, upper veil exposes the surface 20cm the unrestrained drift net of the gear, is embedded in the razor clam field of razor clam below.Aquaculture pond into Draining needs slowly, to select right up and down fine day noon as far as possible, and draining lowest water level should be higher than that razor clam field of razor clam 5cm, prevent the razor clam field of razor clam dry It exposes private part dry, draining likes dark situation due to shellfish sperm drainage ovum.
From above scheme as can be seen that the present invention provides one kind hangs razor clam anti-season pond breeding method, comprising the following steps: Pond water is drained into 10 centimeters hereinafter, full pool spilling head quick lime, disinfection terminate to intake for 7-10 days, underlying biological bait is cultivated in fertilising Then material sows razor clam seedling into pond;Water treatment pond is established, the water treatment pond is communicated with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, Train high concentration Micro Algae for a certain area, high-quality Micro Algae is ingested for razor clam, is blocked extraneous Enteromorpha spore to enter aquaculture pond, is prevented aquaculture pond Enteromorpha growth in the pool is spread unchecked;In pond, inside middle setting keeps off unrestrained drift net, and the gear unrestrained drift net direction is vertical with monsoon, reduces water Flow the stimulation to mature razor clam sexual gland.Compared with prior art, the present invention establishes water treatment pond, the processing pond and extraneous seawater and Aquaculture pond communicates, and trains the high-quality Micro Algae of high concentration for a certain area, prevents Enteromorpha spore in pond growth and breeding, mentions for aquaculture pond razor clam of hanging For high-quality bait, the concentration of aquaculture pond Micro Algae is controlled with a definite target in view, is delayed mating period to hang razor clam sexal maturity, is prevented the razor clam field of razor clam from drying in the shade And stimulation by running water improves razor clam breeding period survival rate of hanging, promotes non-breeding season to block or reduce mature close shellfish Spawning Save the sustainable healthy growth of razor clam.The experimental results showed that the pond culture through the 4-6 month, the month in next year 2-5 harvesting hang razor clam can grow to 7cm or more, the output value improve 20% or more than existing cultivation.
For a further understanding of the present invention, technical solution provided by the invention is carried out specifically below with reference to embodiment Bright, protection scope of the present invention is not limited by the following examples.
Raw material used in the embodiment of the present invention is commercially available.
Embodiment 1
1, before the sowing of razor clam seedling, to the whole pond of razor clam pool dredging, harmful organisms, pathogen are removed.It is cleaned up the pond with quick lime, water is arranged To 10 centimeters hereinafter, full pool spilling head quick lime (50 kgs/acre), disinfection terminate 7-10 days, can start to intake, apply fertilizer, culture medium Then plinth biological feed carries out the sowing of razor clam seedling.If staying pool razor clam, before breeding period, the razor clam field of razor clam repeatedly reveals dry yin and shines, and is on the one hand The strong shape of razor clam seedling is tempered, is on the other hand to improve razor clam field of razor clam soil organic decomposition, some harmful substances are oxidized, and are preferably improved and are hung The benthic environment of razor clam.
2, water treatment pond is established, which communicates with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, and trains high concentration unit cell for a certain area Algae reduces pond transparency, prevents Enteromorpha spore in pond growth and breeding, while providing certain bait for aquaculture pond razor clam of hanging, control The concentration of aquaculture pond Micro Algae processed, razor clam sexal maturity of slowly hanging, the Micro Algae are boat-shaped algae.
3, pond structure, since razor clam breeding period is hung in late September in Fujian, the most of the time belongs to northeaster and wind-force is big. Pond structure is rectangle, and the more a length of southwestward of pool side reduces stormy waves intensity in pond, reduces flow intensity in pond.
4, pond inside middle setting gear wave stream (stormy waves and water flow) net, net direction is vertical with monsoon, is inserted into every one section Bamboo bar, upper veil expose the surface 20cm, will be embedded in the razor clam field of razor clam below.
5, aquaculture pond needs slowly, to select right up and down fine day noon as far as possible into draining, and draining lowest water level is higher than razor clam Field of razor clam 5cm, draining like dark situation due to shellfish sperm drainage ovum.
Using above-mentioned cultural method, the pond culture through the 4-6 month, the month in next year 2-5 harvesting hang razor clam can grow to 7cm with On, the output value improves 20% or more than existing cultivation.
Embodiment 2
1, before the sowing of razor clam seedling, to the whole pond of razor clam pool dredging, harmful organisms, pathogen are removed.It is cleaned up the pond with quick lime, water is arranged To 10 centimeters hereinafter, full pool spilling head quick lime (50 kgs/acre), disinfection terminate 7-10 days, can start to intake, apply fertilizer, culture medium Plinth biological feed.If staying pool razor clam, before breeding period, on the one hand it is the strong shape for tempering razor clam seedling, separately that the razor clam field of razor clam, which repeatedly reveals dry yin and shines, It on the one hand is to improve razor clam field of razor clam soil organic decomposition, some harmful substances are oxidized, and preferably improve the benthic environment for razor clam of hanging.
2, water treatment pond is established, which communicates with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, and trains high concentration unit cell for a certain area Algae reduces pond transparency, prevents Enteromorpha spore in pond growth and breeding, while providing certain bait for aquaculture pond razor clam of hanging, control The concentration of aquaculture pond Micro Algae processed, razor clam sexal maturity of slowly hanging, the Micro Algae are diamond shape algae.
3, pond structure, since razor clam breeding period is hung in late September in Fujian, the most of the time belongs to northeaster and wind-force is big. Pond structure is rectangle, and the more a length of southwestward of pool side reduces stormy waves intensity in pond, reduces flow intensity in pond.
4, pond inside middle setting gear wave stream (stormy waves and water flow) net, net direction is vertical with monsoon, is inserted into every one section Bamboo bar, upper veil expose the surface 20cm, will be embedded in the razor clam field of razor clam below.
5, aquaculture pond needs slowly, to select right up and down fine day noon as far as possible into draining, and draining lowest water level is higher than razor clam Field of razor clam 5cm, draining like dark situation due to shellfish sperm drainage ovum.
Using above-mentioned cultural method, the pond culture through the 4-6 month, the month in next year 2-5 harvesting hang razor clam can grow to 7cm with On, the output value improves 20% or more than existing cultivation.
Embodiment 3
1, before the sowing of razor clam seedling, to the whole pond of razor clam pool dredging, harmful organisms, pathogen are removed.It is cleaned up the pond with quick lime, water is arranged To 10 centimeters hereinafter, full pool spilling head quick lime (50 kgs/acre), disinfection terminate 7-10 days, can start to intake, apply fertilizer, culture medium Plinth biological feed.If staying pool razor clam, before breeding period, on the one hand it is the strong shape for tempering razor clam seedling, separately that the razor clam field of razor clam, which repeatedly reveals dry yin and shines, It on the one hand is to improve razor clam field of razor clam soil organic decomposition, some harmful substances are oxidized, and preferably improve the benthic environment for razor clam of hanging.
2, water treatment pond is established, which communicates with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, and trains high concentration unit cell for a certain area Algae reduces pond transparency, prevents Enteromorpha spore in pond growth and breeding, while providing certain bait for aquaculture pond razor clam of hanging, control The concentration of aquaculture pond Micro Algae processed, razor clam sexal maturity of slowly hanging, the Micro Algae are boat-shaped algae and diamond shape algae.
3, pond structure, since razor clam breeding period is hung in late September in Fujian, the most of the time belongs to northeaster and wind-force is big. Pond structure is rectangle, and the more a length of southwestward of pool side reduces stormy waves intensity in pond, reduces flow intensity in pond.
4, pond inside middle setting gear wave stream (stormy waves and water flow) net, net direction is vertical with monsoon, is inserted into every one section Bamboo bar, upper veil expose the surface 20cm, will be embedded in the razor clam field of razor clam below.
5, aquaculture pond needs slowly, to select right up and down fine day noon as far as possible into draining, and draining lowest water level is higher than razor clam Field of razor clam 5cm, draining like dark situation due to shellfish sperm drainage ovum.
Using above-mentioned cultural method, the pond culture through the 4-6 month, the month in next year 2-5 harvesting hang razor clam can grow to 7cm with On, the output value improves 20% or more than existing cultivation.
The above description of the embodiment is only used to help understand the method for the present invention and its core ideas.It should be pointed out that pair For those skilled in the art, without departing from the principle of the present invention, the present invention can also be carried out Some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also fall within the scope of protection of the claims of the present invention.
The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention.Therefore, of the invention It is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase one The widest scope of cause.

Claims (9)

  1. The razor clam anti-season pond breeding method 1. one kind is hung, which comprises the following steps:
    Pond water is drained into 10 centimeters hereinafter, full pool spilling head quick lime, disinfection terminate to intake for 7-10 days, it is raw to cultivate basis for fertilising Then object bait sows razor clam seedling into pond;
    Water treatment pond is established, the water treatment pond is communicated with extraneous seawater and aquaculture pond, trains the high-quality list of high concentration for a certain area Born of the same parents algae ingests for razor clam, and extraneous Enteromorpha spore is blocked to enter aquaculture pond;
    In pond, inside middle setting keeps off unrestrained drift net, and the gear unrestrained drift net direction is vertical with monsoon.
  2. 2. razor clam anti-season pond breeding method according to claim 1 of hanging, which is characterized in that the quick lime is in pond Dosage be 50 kgs/acre.
  3. 3. razor clam anti-season pond breeding method according to claim 1 of hanging, which is characterized in that if including in the pond Pool razor clam is stayed, then before breeding period, the razor clam field of razor clam repeatedly reveals dry yin and shines.
  4. 4. razor clam anti-season pond breeding method according to claim 1 of hanging, which is characterized in that the Micro Algae is boat-shaped One or more of algae, diamond shape algae etc. diatom.
  5. 5. pond breeding method according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pond shape is rectangle.
  6. 6. razor clam anti-season pond breeding method according to claim 1 of hanging, which is characterized in that the unrestrained drift net of the gear is every one section It is inserted into bamboo bar, upper veil exposes the surface 20cm, is embedded in the razor clam field of razor clam below.
  7. 7. razor clam anti-season pond breeding method according to claim 1 of hanging, which is characterized in that the pond water is slow into draining Slowly.
  8. 8. razor clam anti-season pond breeding method according to claim 1 of hanging, which is characterized in that draining lowest water level is higher than razor clam Field of razor clam 5cm.
  9. 9. razor clam anti-season pond breeding method according to claim 1 of hanging, which is characterized in that the pond culture through the 4-6 month, The month in next year 2-5 harvesting razor clam of hanging can grow to 7cm or more, the output value improves 20% or more than existing cultivation.
CN201910466398.0A 2019-05-31 2019-05-31 One kind is hung razor clam anti-season pond breeding method Pending CN110226542A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110896901A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-03-24 上海海洋大学 Seeding type culture method for experimental sinonovacula constricta

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