CN110219420B - Karst region multilayer structure roof and rainwater collection and storage system thereof - Google Patents

Karst region multilayer structure roof and rainwater collection and storage system thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110219420B
CN110219420B CN201910480116.2A CN201910480116A CN110219420B CN 110219420 B CN110219420 B CN 110219420B CN 201910480116 A CN201910480116 A CN 201910480116A CN 110219420 B CN110219420 B CN 110219420B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
water storage
roof
communicated
storage cavity
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CN201910480116.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110219420A (en
Inventor
张川
李效顺
郑宏刚
许超
杨松
张耿杰
余建新
魏旭晨
王月香
杨艳清
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Kunming Agricultural Radio And Television School (kunming Farmers Science And Technology Education And Training Center)
China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
Yunnan Agricultural University
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Kunming Agricultural Radio And Television School (kunming Farmers Science And Technology Education And Training Center)
China University of Mining and Technology CUMT
Yunnan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201910480116.2A priority Critical patent/CN110219420B/en
Publication of CN110219420A publication Critical patent/CN110219420A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B1/00Methods or layout of installations for water supply
    • E03B1/04Methods or layout of installations for water supply for domestic or like local supply
    • E03B1/041Greywater supply systems
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • E03B3/03Special vessels for collecting or storing rain-water for use in the household, e.g. water-butts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage ; Sky-lights
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S10/00Solar heat collectors using working fluids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S80/00Details, accessories or component parts of solar heat collectors not provided for in groups F24S10/00-F24S70/00
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B1/00Methods or layout of installations for water supply
    • E03B1/04Methods or layout of installations for water supply for domestic or like local supply
    • E03B1/041Greywater supply systems
    • E03B2001/047Greywater supply systems using rainwater
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/152Water filtration
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Sustainable Energy (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Sanitary Device For Flush Toilet (AREA)
  • Roof Covering Using Slabs Or Stiff Sheets (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a karst region multilayer structure roof and a rainwater collection and storage system thereof, which comprise a flat roof, wherein a roof water storage layer is arranged at the upper end of the flat roof, a surrounding edge is arranged at the upper end of the roof water storage layer, a water storage cavity and a toilet water storage cavity are arranged in the roof water storage layer, the water storage cavity is communicated with a sedimentation tank, the sedimentation tank is communicated with a reservoir, the water storage cavity is communicated with an indoor cold water pipe, the water storage cavity is communicated with a household purified water filter, the household purified water filter is communicated with household drinking water, and the toilet water storage cavity is communicated with an indoor toilet flushing pipe; one side of the inner side of the surrounding edge is sequentially and upwards provided with a bottom telescopic supporting device, a middle telescopic plane bearing device and an upper telescopic rainproof device. The invention can collect and store rainwater on the roof, can be directly used as domestic water, can be used as a heat insulation layer to prevent excessive rainwater from entering a top room due to high temperature in summer, is deposited in the sedimentation tank and then is stored in the water storage tank, and is convenient for rural residents to air grains.

Description

Karst region multilayer structure roof and rainwater collection and storage system thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of roof water storage, in particular to a karst region multilayer structure roof and a rainwater collection and storage system thereof.
Background
The karst landform distribution of China is wide, and the area is large. The carbonate rock exposure area mainly distributed in the western area is 91-130 ten thousand square kilometers, and the area occupied by Guangxi, Guizhou and the eastern Yunnan is the largest area and is one of the largest karst areas in the world.
In order to solve the problem that the karst region is seriously lack of water due to the fact that the ground surface is provided with a plurality of water falling holes communicated with the underground karst cave, rural residences build residential flats to collect rainwater, and the water shortage situation is relieved.
At present, water is usually directly collected on the roof in the open, rainwater on the roof is turbid after long-time wind blowing and sunshine, and the rainwater cannot be used as domestic water, or the rainwater is drained into a sedimentation tank, but the rainwater cannot be directly used as the domestic water due to too much dust on the roof; meanwhile, due to hot high temperature in summer, the common roof has poor heat insulation effect, and the high temperature penetrates through the roof to enter a top room, so that the top room is sultry and difficult to live; the roof of the rural residential building can be used for airing grains in many times, the grains are generally directly paved on the roof for direct airing, and the grains are easily affected with damp and mildewed due to the fact that the bottom of the roof is not ventilated and rains.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a karst region multilayer structure roof and a rainwater collecting and storing system thereof, wherein rainwater can be collected, filtered and stored in the roof in a sealed manner and can be directly used as domestic water, meanwhile, the karst region roof can be used as a heat insulation layer to prevent a top room from being difficult to live due to high temperature in summer, excessive water on the roof can be stored in a reservoir after being precipitated, and the roof is convenient for rural residents to air grains and is not easy to damp and mildew.
The technical purpose of the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a karst region multilayer structure roof and a rainwater collection and storage system thereof comprise a flat roof, wherein a roof water storage layer is arranged at the upper end of the flat roof, a surrounding edge is arranged at the edge of the upper end of the roof water storage layer, a water storage cavity and a toilet water storage cavity are arranged in the roof water storage layer, the bottom of the water storage cavity is communicated with an indoor cold water pipe, the bottom of the water storage cavity is communicated with a household purified water filter, one end of the household purified water filter, far away from the water storage cavity, is communicated with household drinking water, and the bottom of the toilet water storage cavity is communicated with an indoor toilet flushing pipe;
a solar water heater placing platform is arranged at the lower end of one side of the house, which is opposite to the water storage layer of the roof, a pressure-bearing water tank and a solar heat collector are arranged in the solar water heater placing platform, the pressure-bearing water tank is connected with the solar heat collector to form a complete solar water heater, a water inlet of the pressure-bearing water tank is communicated with the bottom of the water storage cavity through a water inlet pipe, and a water outlet of the pressure-bearing water tank is communicated with an indoor hot water pipe;
the intersection of the water storage cavity and the toilet water storage cavity is sunken downwards to form a water collecting tank, one side of the water collecting tank is provided with a water inlet communicated with the toilet water storage cavity, the water inlet is provided with a first filter screen, the bottom of the water collecting tank is provided with a water leaking port communicated with the water storage cavity, a rainwater filter is detachably mounted in the water leaking port, one side of the surrounding edge is provided with a water diversion pipe communicated with the top of the water storage cavity, the water diversion pipe is communicated with a sedimentation tank, the sedimentation tank is communicated with a water storage tank, and the sedimentation tank is provided with a passage port communicated with the water storage tank;
the edge of the upper end of the surrounding edge is rotatably connected with a rain collecting plate, two ends of the upper side of the rain collecting plate are detachably connected with the surrounding edge through support rods, and when the support rods are connected with the surrounding edge, the upper side of the rain collecting plate inclines outwards;
one side of the inner side of the surrounding edge is sequentially provided with a bottom telescopic supporting device, a middle telescopic plane bearing device and an upper telescopic rainproof device from the roof water storage layer upwards, wherein the bottom telescopic supporting device comprises a plurality of shear type telescopic frames which are parallel and vertical to the surrounding edge, a plurality of sliding rods which are rotatably connected with the hinged parts of the shear type telescopic frames and vertical to the roof water storage layer, and a bearing rod which is connected between the top ends of every two sliding rods and is parallel to the surrounding edge;
the middle telescopic plane bearing device comprises a bearing surface storage box connected with the surrounding edge, a first rotating shaft penetrating through two ends of the bearing surface storage box and rotatably connected with the bearing surface storage box, and a bearing surface connected with the first rotating shaft in the bearing surface storage box, wherein two ends of the first rotating shaft are provided with first rocking handles;
the flexible rain insensitive device in upper portion include with the tarpaulin receiver that the surrounding edge is connected, run through the both ends of tarpaulin receiver and with the tarpaulin receiver rotate the second pivot of connecting with in the tarpaulin receiver with the tarpaulin that the second pivot is connected, the both ends of second pivot all are provided with the second rocking handle.
By adopting the technical scheme, when raining, the rain collecting plate is stretched outwards, the stay bar is stretched to the longest, the limit rod of the stay bar is connected and fixed with the limit hole, rainwater is collected at the upper end of the roof water storage layer, the rainwater flows into the water collecting tank at the upper end of the roof water storage layer, one part of the rainwater in the water collecting tank enters the toilet water storage cavity through the first filter screen, the other part of the rainwater enters the rainwater filter after most impurities are filtered by the second filter screen, the rainwater flows into the water storage cavity after being adsorbed by active carbon, the rainwater in the toilet water storage cavity completely flows into the water storage cavity after being fully stored, the rainwater in the water storage cavity can be directly used by residents through the cold water pipe, meanwhile, the rainwater in the water storage cavity enters the pressure-bearing water tank through siphon action, the rainwater is heated by the solar heat collector and then flows into the pressure-bearing water tank, and finally hot, meanwhile, after being filtered into purified water by a purified water filter, the water in the water storage cavity can be directly used as drinking water of residents, when the water in the water storage cavity is fully stored, the water can automatically flow into the sedimentation tank through the water diversion pipe, and flows into the water storage tank through the passage opening after being precipitated in the sedimentation tank, and the water in the water storage tank can be used as water for livestock;
when light grains need to be aired, the rain collecting plates are recovered, the supporting rods are contracted, and when the supporting rods are contracted to the shortest length to be contacted with the top end of the roof water storage layer, the corresponding rain collecting plates are parallel to the roof water storage layer, so that the rain collecting plates can be used for airing the light grains; when heavier grains which need to be aired for a long time are required to be aired, the bottom telescopic supporting device is pulled out for a sufficient distance according to the amount of the grains which need to be aired, the bearing surface is pulled out of the bearing surface storage box, two ends of the first fixing rod are clamped into the first clamping buckles, the grains are laid on the bearing surface, and then the grains can be aired on a sunny day; in rainy days, the waterproof cloth is pulled out of the waterproof cloth storage box, and two ends of the second fixing rod are clamped into the second clamping buckles, so that the grains can be shielded, and the grains are prevented from being wetted by rainwater; when the bearing surface or the waterproof cloth needs to be retracted, the bearing surface or the waterproof cloth can be retracted only by manually swinging the first rocking handle or the second rocking handle at the two ends.
The invention is further provided with: the rainwater filter cavity upper end opening and bottom are provided with a plurality of meshs, the second filter screen is installed to rainwater filter's upper end, be provided with a plurality of active carbon in the rainwater filter, the both sides of rainwater filter upper end all are provided with the handle.
The invention is further provided with: the bearing surface is kept away from first pivot one side is provided with first dead lever, the both ends of first dead lever are stretched out outwards, the flexible strutting arrangement in bottom keep away from the upper end of two slide bars at surrounding edge one side both ends all be provided with first dead lever assorted buckle.
The invention is further provided with: the waterproof cloth is far away from second pivot one side is provided with the second dead lever, the both ends of second dead lever are outwards stretched out, the flexible strutting arrangement in bottom is kept away from the upper end of two slide bars at surrounding edge one side both ends all be provided with second dead lever assorted second buckle.
The invention is further provided with: each support rod is a telescopic rod, each support rod is rotatably connected with the corresponding rain collecting plate, one end, far away from the corresponding rain collecting plate, of each support rod is provided with a limiting hole, the inner side of each surrounding edge is provided with a limiting rod matched with the corresponding limiting hole, and when the support rods contract to the shortest length and are in contact with the top end of the roof water storage layer, the corresponding rain collecting plates are parallel to the roof water storage layer.
The invention is further provided with: the bearing surface is a metal net.
The invention is further provided with: the width of the bearing surface is equal to that of the bottom telescopic supporting device, and the width of the waterproof cloth is larger than that of the bottom telescopic supporting device.
The invention is further provided with: and an inlet and an outlet connected with the building stairs are arranged on one side of the surrounding edge.
The invention is further provided with: the lateral wall of sedimentation tank upper end is provided with the inside first drain pipe of intercommunication, the lateral wall of cistern upper end is provided with the inside second drain pipe of intercommunication, the sedimentation tank reaches the lower extreme of cistern all is provided with the delivery port, and tap is all installed at each delivery port.
The invention is further provided with: the lower end of each sliding rod is provided with a roller.
In conclusion, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
firstly, rainwater on the roof is filtered and then is hermetically stored on the roof, so that the rainwater can be directly used by domestic water of residents, and the problem of difficulty in domestic water due to water shortage in a karst region is effectively solved;
secondly, water is directly stored on the roof, and due to the property of slow water temperature transmission, the roof has a good summer heat insulation effect;
thirdly, water in the water storage cavity can be heated into hot water by solar energy and then is supplied to residents for use, so that the residents can use the hot water more conveniently;
fourthly, water in the water storage cavity can be filtered into pure water through a household pure water filter, and the pure water can be directly used as drinking water for residents;
fifthly, the roughly filtered water is stored in a water storage cavity of the toilet and is used as the water for flushing the toilet for residents;
when the water storage cavity is full of water, the water can automatically flow to a sedimentation tank through a water conduit for sedimentation, and flows into a reservoir for storage after sedimentation, and the water is used as domestic water and drinking water for livestock;
the rainwater collecting plate can enhance the rainwater collecting capacity of the roof and can be used as a platform for airing light grains;
eighthly, the bottom telescopic supporting device and the middle telescopic plane bearing device are matched to be used for airing heavier grains with longer airing time, the grains can be recycled to one side when not in use, the using area of a roof is not occupied, and meanwhile, the grains can be prevented from being wetted by rain through the upper telescopic rainproof device.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is mainly used for showing the position of the solar water heater placing platform;
FIG. 3 is a partial cross-sectional view of the internal structure of the water storage layer and water collection trough for a roof;
FIG. 4 is a view mainly showing the water storage chamber, the toilet water storage chamber and the direction of rainwater;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 6 is a partial cross-sectional view showing the internal structure of the intermediate telescoping flat load bearing device and the upper telescoping rain protection device;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the overall construction of the stormwater filter;
fig. 8 is primarily intended to show the passage opening between the sedimentation basin and the water reservoir.
In the figure: 1. flat-layer roofs; 2. a roof water storage layer; 21. a water storage cavity; 22. a toilet water storage chamber; 23. surrounding edges; 24. an inlet and an outlet; 25. a household purified water filter; 26. a solar water heater placing platform; 261. a pressure-bearing water tank; 262. a solar heat collector; 27. a cold water pipe; 28. a hot water pipe; 29. a toilet flush pipe; 3. a water collection tank; 31. a water inlet; 32. a first filter screen; 33. a water leakage port; 34. a rainwater filter; 341. a second filter screen; 342. activated carbon; 343. a handle; 4. a water conduit; 41. a sedimentation tank; 42. a passage port; 43. a first drain pipe; 5. a rain collecting plate; 51. a stay bar; 52. a limiting hole; 53. a limiting rod; 6. a bottom telescopic support device; 61. a scissor type telescopic frame; 62. a slide bar; 63. a load-bearing bar; 64. a roller; 7. a middle telescopic plane load bearing device; 71. a bearing surface storage box; 72. a first rotating shaft; 73. a bearing surface; 74. a first rocking handle; 75. a first fixing lever; 76. a first buckle; 8. an upper telescopic rainproof device; 81. a waterproof cloth storage box; 82. a second rotating shaft; 83. waterproof cloth; 84. a second rocking handle; 85. a second fixing bar; 86. a second buckle; 9. a reservoir; 91. a second drain pipe; 10. a water intake.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The embodiment of the roof with the multi-layer structure in the karst region and the rain collecting and storing system thereof refer to FIGS. 1-8, and comprises a flat roof 1, wherein a roof water storage layer 2 is arranged at the upper end of the flat roof 1, a surrounding edge 23 is arranged at the edge of the upper end of the roof water storage layer 2, an inlet/outlet 24 connected with a building stair is arranged at one side of the surrounding edge 23 for facilitating the entrance of residents, a water storage cavity 21 and a toilet water storage cavity 22 are arranged in the roof water storage layer 2, the toilet water storage cavity 22 is smaller, the bottom of the water storage cavity 21 is communicated with an indoor cold water pipe 27, a household purified water filter 25 is communicated with the bottom of the water storage cavity 21, a water pipe between the household purified water filter 25 and the water storage cavity 21 is provided with a water stop switch (not shown in the figure), the water stop switch is closed when the filter element is replaced, the filter, the bottom of the lavatory water storage chamber 22 communicates with an indoor lavatory flush pipe 29.
The lower end of one side of the house, which is opposite to the water storage layer 2 of the roof, is provided with a solar water heater placing platform 26 which is positioned at the same side with the inlet and outlet 24, the solar water heater placing platform 26 is arranged at one side facing the sun, a pressure-bearing water tank 261 and a solar heat collector 262 are installed in the solar water heater placing platform 26, the pressure-bearing water tank 261 and the solar heat collector 262 are connected to form a complete solar water heater, the water inlet 31 of the pressure-bearing water tank 261 is communicated with the bottom of the water storage cavity 21 through a water inlet pipe (not shown), and the water outlet of the pressure.
The intersection of the water storage cavity 21 and the toilet water storage cavity 22 is recessed downwards to form a water collection tank 3, one side of the water collection tank 3 is provided with a water inlet 31 communicated with the toilet water storage cavity 22, the water inlet 31 is provided with a first filter screen 32 for filtering impurities entering the toilet water storage cavity 22, the bottom of the water collection tank 3 is provided with a water leakage port 33 communicated with the water storage cavity 21, a rainwater filter 34 is detachably mounted in the water leakage port 33, the upper end of the rainwater filter 34 is open and the bottom of the rainwater filter 34 is provided with a plurality of meshes, the upper end of the rainwater filter 34 is provided with a second filter screen 341, the rainwater filter 34 is internally provided with a plurality of activated carbons 342, and two sides of the upper end of the rainwater.
A water conduit 4 communicated with the top of the water storage cavity 21 is arranged on one side of the surrounding edge 23, the water conduit 4 is communicated with a sedimentation tank 41, one side of the sedimentation tank 41 is communicated with a water storage tank 9, a passage opening 42 communicated with the water storage tank 9 is formed in the position with the height of two thirds of the sedimentation tank 41, the water conduit 4 extends into the position with the height of one half of the sedimentation tank 41, water in the water storage cavity 21 flows into the sedimentation tank 4 through the water conduit 4 for sedimentation, the water flows into the water storage tank 9 through the passage opening 42 at the position with the height of two thirds of the sedimentation tank 41, and the water conduit 4 extends into the position with the height of one half of the sedimentation tank 41 so that the inflow water cannot directly flow into the water storage tank 9 from the plane and cannot stir the sediment at the bottom; the side wall of the upper end of the sedimentation tank 41 is provided with a first water discharge pipe 43 communicated with the inside, the side wall of the upper end of the water storage tank 9 is provided with a second water discharge pipe 91 communicated with the inside, the lower ends of the sedimentation tank 41 and the water storage tank 9 are respectively provided with a water intake 10, and each water intake 10 is provided with a water tap.
The edge of the relative both sides in surrounding edge 23 upper end all rotates and is connected with a rain-collecting plate 5, the both ends of 5 upsides of rain-collecting plate all can be dismantled with surrounding edge 23 through a vaulting pole 51 and be connected, when vaulting pole 51 is connected with surrounding edge 23, 5 upslopes of rain-collecting plate lean out, each vaulting pole 51 is the liter pole that contracts, each vaulting pole 51 all rotates with corresponding rain-collecting plate 5 to be connected, the one end that each vaulting pole 51 keeps away from corresponding rain-collecting plate 5 all is provided with a spacing hole 52, the inboard of surrounding edge 23 all is provided with one and corresponds spacing hole 52 assorted gag lever post 53, when vaulting pole 51 contracts to the shortest and 2 top contacts on roof reservoir stratum, it is parallel with roof reservoir stratum 2 to correspond rain-collecting plate 5, can be used to the lighter.
One side of the inner side of the surrounding edge 23 is sequentially and upwards provided with a bottom telescopic supporting device 6, a middle telescopic plane bearing device 7 and an upper telescopic rainproof device 8 from the roof water storage layer 2, the bottom telescopic supporting device 6 comprises three shear type telescopic frames 61 which are parallel and vertical to the surrounding edge 23, a plurality of sliding rods 62 which are rotatably connected with the hinged parts of the shear type telescopic frames 61 and vertical to the roof water storage layer 2, and bearing rods 63 which are connected between the top ends of every two sliding rods 62 and are parallel to the surrounding edge 23, and the lower end of each sliding rod 62 is provided with a roller 64.
The middle telescopic plane bearing device 7 comprises a bearing surface storage box 71 connected with the surrounding edge 23, a first rotating shaft 72 which runs through two ends of the bearing surface storage box 71 and is rotatably connected with the bearing surface storage box 71, a bearing surface 73 connected with the first rotating shaft 72 in the bearing surface storage box 71, the bearing surface 73 is a metal net, the width of the bearing surface 73 is equal to that of the bottom telescopic supporting device 6, two ends of the first rotating shaft 72 are respectively provided with a first rocking handle 74, one side, far away from the first rotating shaft 72, of the bearing surface 73 is provided with a first fixing rod 75, two ends of the first fixing rod 75 extend outwards, the upper ends, far away from two sliding rods 62 at two ends of one side, away from the surrounding edge 23, of the bottom telescopic supporting device 6 are respectively provided with a first buckle 76 matched with the first fixing rod 75.
The upper telescopic rainproof device 8 comprises a waterproof cloth storage box 81 connected with the surrounding edge 23, a second rotating shaft 82 penetrating through two ends of the waterproof cloth storage box 81 and rotatably connected with the waterproof cloth storage box 81, a waterproof cloth 83 connected with the second rotating shaft 82 in the waterproof cloth storage box 81, the width of the waterproof cloth 83 is larger than that of the bottom telescopic supporting device 6, two ends of the second rotating shaft 82 are provided with second rocking handles 84, the waterproof cloth 83 is far away from one side of the second rotating shaft 82 and is provided with a second fixing rod 85, two ends of the second fixing rod 85 extend outwards, the upper ends of two sliding rods 62 far away from two ends of one side of the surrounding edge 23 of the bottom telescopic supporting device 6 are provided with a second buckle 86 matched with the second fixing rod 85.
The use principle is as follows: when raining, the rain collecting plate 5 is outwards propped open, the support rod 51 is stretched to the longest, the limit rod 53 of the support rod 51 is fixedly connected with the limit hole 52, rainwater is collected at the upper end of the roof water storage layer 2, the rainwater flows into the water collecting tank 3 at the upper end of the roof water storage layer 2, one part of the rainwater in the water collecting tank 3 enters the toilet water storage cavity 22 through the first filter screen 32, the other part of the rainwater enters the rainwater filter 34 after most of impurities are filtered out through the second filter screen 341, the rainwater flows into the water storage cavity 21 after being adsorbed by the activated carbon 342, the rainwater in the toilet water storage cavity 22 completely flows into the water storage cavity 21 after being fully stored, the rainwater in the water storage cavity 21 can be directly used by residents through the cold water pipe 27, meanwhile, the rainwater in the water storage cavity 21 enters the pressure-bearing water tank 261 through siphon action, the rainwater is heated by the solar heat collector 262 and then flows into the pressure-bearing water tank 261, and finally the hot water, meanwhile, after being filtered into purified water by a purified water filter, the water in the water storage cavity 21 can be directly used as drinking water of residents, when the water in the water storage cavity 21 is full, the water can automatically flow into the sedimentation tank 41 through the water conduit 4, and flows into the water storage tank 9 through the passage opening 42 after being precipitated in the sedimentation tank 41, and the water in the water storage tank 9 can be used as water for livestock;
when light grains need to be aired, the rain collecting plates 5 are recovered, the supporting rods 51 are contracted, and when the supporting rods 51 are contracted to the shortest length to be contacted with the top ends of the roof water storage layers 2, the corresponding rain collecting plates 5 are parallel to the roof water storage layers 2, so that the light grains can be aired; when heavier grains need to be aired for a long time, the bottom telescopic supporting device 6 is pulled out for a sufficient distance according to the amount of the grains needing to be aired, the bearing surface 73 is pulled out of the bearing surface storage box 71, two ends of the first fixing rod 75 are clamped into the first buckles 76, the grains are laid on the bearing surface 73, and then the grains can be aired on a sunny day; in rainy days, the waterproof cloth 83 is pulled out from the waterproof cloth storage box 81, and the two ends of the second fixing rod 85 are clamped into the second buckles 86, so that the grains can be shielded, and the grains are prevented from being wetted by rainwater; when the bearing surface 73 or the waterproof cloth 83 needs to be retracted, the first rocking handle 74 or the second rocking handle 84 at the two ends can be retracted by manually rocking.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and it is not limited to the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make modifications of the present embodiment without inventive contribution as needed after reading the present specification, but all of them are protected by patent law within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a karst region multilayer structure roof and collection rain retaining system thereof, includes flat bed roof (1), its characterized in that: the flat roof is characterized in that a roof water storage layer (2) is arranged at the upper end of the flat roof (1), a surrounding edge (23) is arranged at the edge of the upper end of the roof water storage layer (2), a water storage cavity (21) and a toilet water storage cavity (22) are arranged in the roof water storage layer (2), the bottom of the water storage cavity (21) is communicated with an indoor cold water pipe (27), a household purified water filter (25) is communicated with the bottom of the water storage cavity (21), one end, far away from the water storage cavity (21), of the household purified water filter (25) is communicated with household drinking water, and the bottom of the toilet water storage cavity (22) is communicated with an indoor toilet flushing pipe (29);
a solar water heater placing platform (26) is arranged at the lower end, opposite to the roof water storage layer (2), of one side of the house, a pressure-bearing water tank (261) and a solar heat collector (262) are installed in the solar water heater placing platform (26), the pressure-bearing water tank (261) is connected with the solar heat collector (262) to form a complete solar water heater, a water inlet (31) of the pressure-bearing water tank (261) is communicated with the bottom of the water storage cavity (21) through a water inlet pipe, and a water outlet of the pressure-bearing water tank (261) is communicated with an indoor hot water pipe (28);
the intersection of the water storage cavity (21) and the toilet water storage cavity (22) is recessed downwards to form a water collection tank (3), one side of the water collection tank (3) is provided with a water inlet (31) communicated with the toilet water storage cavity (22), the water inlet (31) is provided with a first filter screen (32), the bottom of the water collection tank (3) is provided with a water leakage port (33) communicated with the water storage cavity (21), a rainwater filter (34) is detachably mounted in the water leakage port (33), one side of the surrounding edge (23) is provided with a water conduit (4) communicated with the top of the water storage cavity (21), the water conduit (4) is communicated with a sedimentation tank (41), the sedimentation tank (41) is communicated with a reservoir (9), and the sedimentation tank (41) is provided with a passage opening (42) communicated with the reservoir (9);
the edge of the upper end of the surrounding edge (23) is rotatably connected with a rain collecting plate (5), two ends of the upper side of the rain collecting plate (5) are detachably connected with the surrounding edge (23) through support rods (51), and when the support rods (51) are connected with the surrounding edge (23), the upper side of the rain collecting plate (5) inclines outwards;
one side of the inner side of the surrounding edge (23) is sequentially provided with a bottom telescopic supporting device (6), a middle telescopic plane bearing device (7) and an upper telescopic rainproof device (8) from the roof water storage layer (2) upwards, wherein the bottom telescopic supporting device (6) comprises a plurality of shear type telescopic frames (61) which are parallel and vertical to the surrounding edge (23), a plurality of sliding rods (62) which are rotatably connected with the hinged parts of the shear type telescopic frames (61) and vertical to the roof water storage layer (2), and bearing rods (63) which are connected between the top ends of every two sliding rods (62) and parallel to the surrounding edge (23);
the middle telescopic plane bearing device (7) comprises a bearing surface storage box (71) connected with the surrounding edge (23), a first rotating shaft (72) penetrating through two ends of the bearing surface storage box (71) and rotatably connected with the bearing surface storage box (71), and a bearing surface (73) connected with the first rotating shaft (72) in the bearing surface storage box (71), wherein two ends of the first rotating shaft (72) are provided with first rocking handles (74);
the flexible rain insensitive device in upper portion (8) include with tarpaulin receiver (81) that surrounding edge (23) are connected, run through the both ends of tarpaulin receiver (81) and with second pivot (82) that tarpaulin receiver (81) rotate to be connected tarpaulin (83) in tarpaulin receiver (81) with waterproof that second pivot (82) are connected, the both ends of second pivot (82) all are provided with second rocking handle (84).
2. The karst region multilayer structure roof and the rainwater collection and water storage system thereof according to claim 1, wherein: the rainwater filter is characterized in that a plurality of meshes are arranged at the upper end opening and the bottom of the hollow rainwater filter (34), a second filter screen (341) is installed at the upper end of the rainwater filter (34), a plurality of activated carbons (342) are arranged in the rainwater filter (34), and handles (343) are arranged on two sides of the upper end of the rainwater filter (34).
3. The karst region multilayer structure roof and the rainwater collection and water storage system thereof according to claim 1, wherein: bearing surface (73) are kept away from first pivot (72) one side is provided with first dead lever (75), the both ends of first dead lever (75) are outwards stretched out, bottom telescopic support device (6) are kept away from the upper end of two slide bars (62) at surrounding edge (23) one side both ends all be provided with first buckle (76) of first dead lever (75) assorted.
4. The karst region multilayer structure roof and the rainwater collection and water storage system thereof according to claim 1, wherein: keep away from tarpaulin (83) second pivot (82) one side is provided with second dead lever (85), the both ends of second dead lever (85) are outwards stretched out, bottom telescopic support device (6) are kept away from the upper end of two slide bars (62) at surrounding edge (23) one side both ends all be provided with second dead lever (85) assorted second buckle (86).
5. The karst region multilayer structure roof and the rainwater collection and water storage system thereof according to claim 1, wherein: each vaulting pole (51) are the liter pole that contracts, and each vaulting pole (51) all rotates with corresponding album of rain board (5) to be connected, and the one end of keeping away from corresponding album of rain board (5) of each vaulting pole (51) all is provided with spacing hole (52), the inboard of surrounding edge (23) all is provided with and corresponds spacing hole (52) assorted gag lever post (53), works as vaulting pole (51) contract to the shortest with during the contact of roof reservoir stratum (2) top, correspond album of rain board (5) with roof reservoir stratum (2) are parallel.
6. The karst region multilayer structure roof and the rainwater collection and water storage system thereof according to claim 1, wherein: the bearing surface (73) is a metal net.
7. The karst region multilayer structure roof and the rainwater collection and water storage system thereof according to claim 1, wherein: the width of the bearing surface (73) is equal to that of the bottom telescopic supporting device (6), and the width of the waterproof cloth (83) is larger than that of the bottom telescopic supporting device (6).
8. The karst region multilayer structure roof and the rainwater collection and water storage system thereof according to claim 1, wherein: and an inlet and an outlet (24) connected with the building stairs are arranged on one side of the surrounding edge (23).
9. The karst region multilayer structure roof and the rainwater collection and water storage system thereof according to claim 1, wherein: the utility model discloses a water tap, including sedimentation tank (41), cistern (9), the lateral wall of sedimentation tank (41) upper end is provided with the inside first drain pipe (43) of intercommunication, the lateral wall of cistern (9) upper end is provided with the inside second drain pipe (91) of intercommunication, sedimentation tank (41) reach the lower extreme of cistern (9) all is provided with water intaking mouth (10), and tap is all installed in each water intaking mouth (10).
10. The karst region multilayer structure roof and the rainwater collection and water storage system thereof according to claim 1, wherein: the lower end of each sliding rod (62) is provided with a roller (64).
CN201910480116.2A 2019-06-04 2019-06-04 Karst region multilayer structure roof and rainwater collection and storage system thereof Active CN110219420B (en)

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CN110984485A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-04-10 宋冠群 Roof waterproof heat insulation new construction
CN112144763A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-29 杨秋燕 Solar green building with water-saving device
CN113235832B (en) * 2021-05-13 2022-05-31 江阴市港城市政工程有限公司 Building roof rainwater collecting and utilizing system based on sponge city idea
CN114982514B (en) * 2022-07-28 2024-03-15 中国建筑第五工程局有限公司 High-rise building roof garden with insect prevention function

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JP5430973B2 (en) * 2008-09-02 2014-03-05 ミサワホーム株式会社 Temperature rise suppression system
CN104294880A (en) * 2013-07-18 2015-01-21 天津凯宏装饰工程有限公司 Roof rainwater recycling device of environment-friendly building
CN205077543U (en) * 2015-10-16 2016-03-09 武汉理工大学 Water storage type roof
CN108396813A (en) * 2018-02-13 2018-08-14 王帆 A kind of building rainwater-collecting recycling device
CN108344267A (en) * 2018-04-09 2018-07-31 竺秋君 A kind of agricultural production folding drying rack easy to remove
CN109341242B (en) * 2018-11-29 2024-04-05 河北工业职业技术学院 Grain airing device

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