CN110219158B - Carding machine with dust removal function - Google Patents

Carding machine with dust removal function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110219158B
CN110219158B CN201910457754.2A CN201910457754A CN110219158B CN 110219158 B CN110219158 B CN 110219158B CN 201910457754 A CN201910457754 A CN 201910457754A CN 110219158 B CN110219158 B CN 110219158B
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China
Prior art keywords
dust
dust removal
carding machine
box
brush
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Application number
CN201910457754.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110219158A (en
Inventor
郭三灯
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Dahe Textile Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Yangsan Dahe Textile Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910457754.2A priority Critical patent/CN110219158B/en
Publication of CN110219158A publication Critical patent/CN110219158A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0057Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D46/0064Regenerating the filter material in the filter by means of acting on the cake side and moving with respect to the filtering elements
    • B01D46/0065Regenerating the filter material in the filter by means of acting on the cake side and moving with respect to the filtering elements by scrapers, brushes, nozzles or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets, or pads having plane surfaces, i.e. axial filtering
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B15/00Preventing escape of dirt or fumes from the area where they are produced; Collecting or removing dirt or fumes from that area
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01GPRELIMINARY TREATMENT OF FIBRES, e.g. FOR SPINNING
    • D01G9/00Opening or cleaning fibres, e.g. scutching cotton
    • D01G9/08Opening or cleaning fibres, e.g. scutching cotton by means of air draught arrangements
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D01NATURAL OR MAN-MADE THREADS OR FIBRES; SPINNING
    • D01GPRELIMINARY TREATMENT OF FIBRES, e.g. FOR SPINNING
    • D01G9/00Opening or cleaning fibres, e.g. scutching cotton
    • D01G9/14Details of machines or apparatus
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06GMECHANICAL OR PRESSURE CLEANING OF CARPETS, RUGS, SACKS, HIDES, OR OTHER SKIN OR TEXTILE ARTICLES OR FABRICS; TURNING INSIDE-OUT FLEXIBLE TUBULAR OR OTHER HOLLOW ARTICLES
    • D06G1/00Beating, brushing, or otherwise mechanically cleaning or pressure cleaning carpets, rugs, sacks, hides, or other skin or textile articles or fabrics

Abstract

The invention provides a carding machine with a dust removal function, which comprises a frame, a conveying belt, a carding machine, a dust raising mechanism, a dust removal mechanism and a square tube, wherein a box in the dust raising mechanism is positioned above the conveying belt, a support frame is rotatably arranged in the dust raising box, a plurality of beating plates are rotatably arranged on the support frame, torsion springs are respectively arranged between two ends of each beating plate and the support frame, a dust removal box in the dust removal mechanism is positioned on a shell of the carding machine, the dust removal box is communicated with the dust raising box through the square tube, a filter plate is movably arranged in the dust removal box through a hydraulic cylinder, a brush body is movably arranged in the dust removal box, and a fan is communicated with the dust removal box. Drive through the support frame and clap the board and rotate, and then pat the cotton of carrying coming for raise that the dust can be abundant has improved the dust removal effect, and then carry out the recovery of cotton fibre to the dust filter plate through the up-and-down motion of the brush body, has avoided the cotton fibre to block up the condition of the influence dust removal effect that the mesh of dust filter plate caused.

Description

Carding machine with dust removal function
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of textile equipment, in particular to a carding machine with a dust removal function.
Background
The utility model provides a novel carding machine of band elimination dirt function that laid open No. CN207294987U provided can be in through the suction fan vacuum is formed in the carding machine main part, make the cotton piece in the carding machine main part directly by the suction fan is siphoned away, effectively solved the cotton piece splash and floated polluted environment in the air, but often can have a lot of dusts in the cotton goods, above-mentioned device can only carry out simple processing to the dust that the comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning in-process produced, and then still have more dust on the cotton goods after the comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning is accomplished, and then the condition of raise dust can also appear in the in-process of stirring or carrying in subsequent processing, and then this device removes dust and can not reach better effect.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a carding machine with a dust removal function, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a carding machine with dust removal function, includes frame, conveyer belt, carding machine main part, raise dust mechanism, dust removal mechanism and square pipe, the conveyer belt is installed in the frame, the carding machine main part is located the top of conveyer belt, wherein:
the dust raising mechanism comprises a dust raising box, a support frame, a motor I, beating plates and torsion springs, the dust raising box is positioned above the conveying belt, the support frame is rotatably installed in the dust raising box, the beating plates are rotatably installed on the support frame, and the torsion springs are respectively arranged between two ends of each beating plate and the support frame; and
dust removal mechanism includes dust removal case, drawer, dust filter plate, pneumatic cylinder, the brush body, lead screw, motor II and fan, the dust removal case is located the shell of carding machine main part, and wherein the dust removal case is managed the intercommunication through square with the raise dust case, drawer movable mounting is at the dust removal incasement, the dust filter plate passes through pneumatic cylinder movable mounting at the dust removal incasement, the brush body movable mounting is connected at the dust removal incasement and with the lead screw, fan and dust removal case intercommunication.
Preferably, the torsion spring is sleeved on the beating plate, one end of the torsion spring extends into the beating plate, and the other end of the torsion spring extends into the supporting frame.
Preferably, the lead screw passes through the brush body and forms screw drive with the brush body through the bearing installation in the dust removal case, motor II (57) are installed on dust removal case (51), its power take off end and lead screw fixed connection.
Preferably, the hydraulic cylinder is installed on the dust removal box, and the power output end of the hydraulic cylinder penetrates through the dust removal box and is fixedly connected with the dust filter plate.
Preferably, the motor I is installed on the dust raising box, and the power output end of the motor I is fixedly connected with the supporting frame.
Preferably, the brush body is provided with a plurality of brushes.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the cotton fabric dust removal device, the support frame drives the beating plate to rotate, so that the conveyed cotton is beaten, dust can be fully raised, the dust removal effect is improved, and the cotton fabric dust removal device can not generate dust again because the cotton fabric is beaten and removed in the subsequent conveying process.
2. According to the invention, cotton fibers are recovered from the dust filter plate through the up-and-down movement of the brush body, so that the situation that the dust removal effect is influenced because the cotton fibers block the meshes of the dust filter plate is avoided.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic three-dimensional structure of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a three-dimensional schematic view of the internal structure of the dust raising mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a three-dimensional schematic view of a part of the dust raising mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a three-dimensional schematic view of the internal structure of the dust removing mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic three-dimensional structure of a brush body according to the present invention.
In the figure: the automatic dust removing device comprises a machine frame 1, a conveying belt 2, a carding machine body 3, a dust raising mechanism 4, a dust removing mechanism 5, a square pipe 6, a dust raising box 41, a supporting frame 42, a motor I43, a beating plate 44, a torsion spring 45, a dust removing box 51, a drawer 52, a dust filtering plate 53, a hydraulic cylinder 54, a brush body 55, a screw rod 56, a motor II 57, a fan 58 and a hairbrush 551.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example (b):
referring to fig. 1 to 5, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the utility model provides a carding machine with dust removal function, includes frame 1, conveyer belt 2, carding machine main part 3, raise dust mechanism 4, dust removal mechanism 5 and square 6 pipe, 2 fixed mounting of conveyer belt in frame 1, 3 fixed mounting of carding machine main part in frame 1 and lie in the top of conveyer belt 2, wherein:
the dust raising mechanism 4 comprises a dust raising box 41, a support frame 42, a motor I43, beating plates 44 and a torsion spring 45, the dust raising box 41 is fixedly arranged on the frame 1 and positioned above the conveyer belt 2, two ends of the support frame 42 are respectively rotatably arranged in the dust raising box 41 through bearings, the motor I43 is fixedly arranged on the dust raising box 41 through bolts, the power output end of the motor I43 is fixedly connected with the support frame 42, the beating plates 44 are rotatably arranged on the support frame 42, wherein a certain gap is arranged between the beating plate 44 and the conveyer belt 2, torsion springs 45 are respectively arranged between the two ends of the beating plate 44 and the supporting frame 42, wherein the torsion spring 45 is sleeved on the clapper plate 44, one end of the torsion spring 45 extends into the clapper plate 44, the other end extends into the supporting frame 42, so that the clapper 44 can be folded in the process of contacting cotton fabrics and the torsion spring 45 can drive the clapper 44 to rebound after separation;
the dust removing mechanism 5 comprises a dust removing box 51, a drawer 52, dust filter plates 53, a hydraulic cylinder 54, a brush body 55, a screw rod 56, a motor II 57 and a fan 58, the dust removing box 51 is installed on the shell of the carding machine main body 3, wherein the dust removing box 51 is communicated with the dust raising box 41 through a square tube 6, the drawer 52 is movably installed in the dust removing box 51, the hydraulic cylinder 54 is fixedly installed on the dust removing box 51 through bolts, the power output end of the hydraulic cylinder 54 penetrates through the dust removing box 51 and is fixedly connected with the dust filter plates 53, the dust filter plates 53 are movably installed in the dust removing box 51 through the hydraulic cylinder 54, a guide block at the bottom of the brush body 55 is installed in a guide groove in the dust removing box 51 in a matching manner, the brush body 55 can move back and forth along the guide groove in the dust removing box 51, a plurality of brushes 551 are arranged on the brush body 55 and used for cleaning the dust filter plates 53, the brush body 55, lead screw 56 passes through the bearing and installs in dust removal case 51, wherein lead screw 56 runs through brush 55 and brush 55 between form screw drive, and then can drive brush 55 at lead screw 56 pivoted in-process and be linear motion, motor II 57 passes through bolt fixed mounting on dust removal case 51, the power take off end and the lead screw 56 fixed connection of motor II 57, fan 58 passes through bolt fixed mounting on the shell of carding machine main part 3 and communicates with dust removal case 51, wherein the air intake of fan 58 is located the rear side of dust filter plate 53, and then dust and cotton fibre can carry out the filter screen through dust filter plate 53 when fan 58 lets in atmospheric pressure to dust removal case 51.
The working principle of the device is as follows: cotton is placed on the conveyer belt 2 and is conveyed into the carding machine main body 3 through the conveyer belt 2, then cotton is combed by the carding machine main body 3, wherein the cotton carding process of the cotton is the same as the conventional cotton carding mode in the field, and the description is omitted here, the cotton after cotton carding is conveyed into the dust raising box 41, at the moment, the motor I43 is started to drive the support frame 42 to rotate, and then the beating plate 44 rotates synchronously with the beating plate 44, the beating plate 44 is contacted with the cotton alternately in sequence in the process of rotating motion, so as to realize beating of the cotton, further dust on the cotton and partial cotton wool are raised, then the fan 58 introduces negative pressure into the dust removing box 51, at the moment, the raised dust and partial cotton wool in the dust raising box 41 are sucked into the dust removing box 51 through the square pipe 6, further, the raised dust and partial cotton wool are filtered through the dust filter plate 53, the cotton wool is adhered on the dust filter plate 53, and the dust is discharged through the fan 58, during the long-term operation of the device, a great amount of cotton wool is accumulated on the dust filter plate 53, which may affect the dust filtration, and at this time, the hydraulic cylinder 54 pushes the dust filter plate 53 to move towards the direction close to the brush body 55, when the dust filter plate 53 is contacted with the brush 551, the movement is stopped, at this time, the motor ii 57 is started to drive the screw rod 56 to rotate, at this time, the rotating screw rod 56 drives the brush body 55 to do linear motion, the brush 551 on the brush body 55 cleans the dust filter plate 53, and the cleaned cotton wool falls into the drawer 52 to be collected, after the cotton wool on the dust filter plate 53 is processed, all the parts in the dust removing mechanism 5 move to the initial position to continuously process the dust and the cotton wool, the device realizes the beating of cotton fabrics by utilizing the rotary beating plate 44, so that the dust can be fully raised to improve the dust removing effect, and the filtering effect of dust and lint can be secured after the brush body 55 cleans the dust filter plate 53.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a carding machine with dust removal function, includes frame (1), conveyer belt (2), carding machine main part (3), raise dust mechanism (4), dust removal mechanism (5) and square pipe (6), install in frame (1) conveyer belt (2), carding machine main part (3) are located the top of conveyer belt (2), its characterized in that:
the dust raising mechanism (4) comprises a dust raising box (41), a support frame (42), a motor I (43), beating plates (44) and torsion springs (45), the dust raising box (41) is located above the conveying belt (2), the support frame (42) is rotatably installed in the dust raising box (41), the beating plates (44) are rotatably installed on the support frame (42), and the torsion springs (45) are respectively arranged between two ends of the beating plates (44) and the support frame (42); and
dust removal mechanism (5) are including dust removal case (51), drawer (52), dust filter plate (53), pneumatic cylinder (54), the brush body (55), lead screw (56), motor II (57) and fan (58), dust removal case (51) are located the shell of carding machine main part (3), and wherein dust removal case (51) and dust raising case (41) are through square pipe (6) intercommunication, drawer (52) movable mounting is in dust removal case (51), dust filter plate (53) are through pneumatic cylinder (54) movable mounting in dust removal case (51), brush body (55) movable mounting is in dust removal case (51) and is connected with lead screw (56), fan (58) and dust removal case (51) intercommunication.
2. The carding machine with a dust removing function according to claim 1, wherein: the torsion spring (45) is sleeved on the beating plate (44), one end of the torsion spring (45) extends into the beating plate (44), and the other end of the torsion spring extends into the support frame (42).
3. The carding machine with a dust removing function according to claim 1, wherein: the lead screw (56) is installed in the dust removal box (51) through a bearing, wherein the lead screw (56) penetrates through the brush body (55) and forms thread transmission with the brush body (55), the motor II (57) is installed on the dust removal box (51), and the power output end of the motor II is fixedly connected with the lead screw (56).
4. The carding machine with a dust removing function according to claim 1, wherein: the hydraulic cylinder (54) is arranged on the dust removal box (51), and the power output end of the hydraulic cylinder penetrates through the dust removal box (51) and is fixedly connected with the dust filter plate (53).
5. The carding machine with a dust removing function according to claim 1, wherein: the motor I (43) is installed on the dust raising box (41), and the power output end of the motor I is fixedly connected with the supporting frame (42).
6. The carding machine with a dust removing function according to claim 1, wherein: the brush body (55) is provided with a plurality of brushes (551).
CN201910457754.2A 2019-05-29 2019-05-29 Carding machine with dust removal function Active CN110219158B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910457754.2A CN110219158B (en) 2019-05-29 2019-05-29 Carding machine with dust removal function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910457754.2A CN110219158B (en) 2019-05-29 2019-05-29 Carding machine with dust removal function

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110219158A CN110219158A (en) 2019-09-10
CN110219158B true CN110219158B (en) 2020-05-08

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111197188A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-05-26 米霞 Fine cotton opener with dust collector
CN112176689A (en) * 2020-08-12 2021-01-05 安徽天元医疗科技有限公司 Special flock sucking device for producing protective clothing
CN112206602A (en) * 2020-10-23 2021-01-12 赵静 High pulse dust collector of security
CN112609286A (en) * 2020-12-12 2021-04-06 南县生辉纺织有限公司 Round cage type dust removal device for textile processing

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB255412A (en) * 1925-07-15 1926-12-16 Leo Debelvalet Improvements relating to the opening of cotton and to the clearing or removal of dust therefrom
CN204898164U (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-23 江苏金汇自动化技术有限公司 Dust removal structure of carding machine
CN206173484U (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-05-17 皖西学院 Fluffy high -quality dust absorption cotton fluffer that inventory is big
CN206661843U (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-11-24 阿布来提·库尔班 Carpet dust shaker
CN207294987U (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-05-01 浙江金江纺织有限公司 A kind of Novel carding machine with dedusting function
CN208183146U (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-12-04 湖北监利银丰纺织有限责任公司 A kind of cotton comber dust exhaust apparatus
CN208810787U (en) * 2018-08-18 2019-05-03 杭州萧山林芬纺织有限公司 A kind of Weaving device dust-extraction unit

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB255412A (en) * 1925-07-15 1926-12-16 Leo Debelvalet Improvements relating to the opening of cotton and to the clearing or removal of dust therefrom
CN204898164U (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-23 江苏金汇自动化技术有限公司 Dust removal structure of carding machine
CN206173484U (en) * 2016-08-24 2017-05-17 皖西学院 Fluffy high -quality dust absorption cotton fluffer that inventory is big
CN206661843U (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-11-24 阿布来提·库尔班 Carpet dust shaker
CN207294987U (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-05-01 浙江金江纺织有限公司 A kind of Novel carding machine with dedusting function
CN208183146U (en) * 2018-05-21 2018-12-04 湖北监利银丰纺织有限责任公司 A kind of cotton comber dust exhaust apparatus
CN208810787U (en) * 2018-08-18 2019-05-03 杭州萧山林芬纺织有限公司 A kind of Weaving device dust-extraction unit

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Effective date of registration: 20200413

Address after: 272600 middle section of Yinghua Road, Liangshan Economic Development Zone, Jining City, Shandong Province (Shizhuang Village East)

Applicant after: YANGSAN DAHE TEXTILE Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 322000 17 buildings in Xinwu District, Fujiang Street, Yiwu City, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province

Applicant before: Yiwu Shiding Garment Co.,Ltd.

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Address after: 272600 middle section of Yinghua Road, Liangshan County Economic Development Zone, Jining City, Shandong Province (east of Shizhuang Village)

Patentee after: Shandong Dahe Textile Technology Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 272600 middle section of Yinghua Road, Liangshan County Economic Development Zone, Jining City, Shandong Province (east of Shizhuang Village)

Patentee before: YANGSAN DAHE TEXTILE Co.,Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder