CN110207894A - The scaling method of wheel balance system - Google Patents

The scaling method of wheel balance system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110207894A
CN110207894A CN201910401171.8A CN201910401171A CN110207894A CN 110207894 A CN110207894 A CN 110207894A CN 201910401171 A CN201910401171 A CN 201910401171A CN 110207894 A CN110207894 A CN 110207894A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pressure sensor
tire
vector data
main shaft
obtains
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CN201910401171.8A
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CN110207894B (en
Inventor
鲁自立
李永泉
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Shenzhen Sheep Technology Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Sheep Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910401171.8A priority Critical patent/CN110207894B/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01MTESTING STATIC OR DYNAMIC BALANCE OF MACHINES OR STRUCTURES; TESTING OF STRUCTURES OR APPARATUS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01M1/00Testing static or dynamic balance of machines or structures
    • G01M1/14Determining unbalance
    • G01M1/16Determining unbalance by oscillating or rotating the body to be tested
    • G01M1/28Determining unbalance by oscillating or rotating the body to be tested with special adaptations for determining unbalance of the body in situ, e.g. of vehicle wheels

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of scaling methods of wheel balance system, comprising steps of main shaft obtains the vector data AO of the first pressure sensor under the state and vector data BO of second pressure sensor when dallying;One tire is set on main shaft, obtains the distance between tire and measuring scale distance distA, tyre width wid, tire radius R, first pressure sensor and second pressure sensor distB;Live spindle obtains vector data A1 and B1;The balance weight that a mass is m1 is loaded in tire medial surface, live spindle obtains vector data A2 and B2;Shifting balance block position acquisition vector data A3 and B3;Record grating examines and seizes the third place data Delta taken;It is finally computed according to above-mentioned data and obtains calibrating parameters K1, K2, K3, K4, K5.The scaling method of wheel balance system provided by the invention, eliminating measurement axis, there are the amount of unbalances of itself, and measurement is made to become accurate, while reducing the technique requirement to machinery production, are conducive to be mass produced.

Description

The scaling method of wheel balance system
Technical field
The present invention relates to wheel balance detection technique fields, specifically, being related to a kind of calibration side of wheel balance system Method.
Background technique
Tire balancing equipment is a kind of equipment whether measurement tire balances under high speed rotation state.Linear type main shaft tire Balancing machine is made of motor, flanged (FLGD) main shaft, cabinet, signal transducer, grating disc, control and computing module etc..Operator Member is fixed on the tire to be balanced on spindle flange, is driven by a motor main shaft rotation, and signal transducer acquires amount of unbalance letter Number and be sent into control and computing module and calculate, finally obtain the amount of unbalance quality and phase of tire.
Tire balancing equipment needs to demarcate measuring system before use, and calibration is that known amount of unbalance asks calibration to join Number, practical amount of unbalance test is that known calibration parameter seeks amount of unbalance.Calibration process tire balancing equipment is to unbalance amount of tire Measurement generally to set hub width as the spacing of two rectifying planes, hub radius for correcting plane correction radius.Tire Amount of unbalance can be equivalent on correcting plane, be the amount of unbalance calibrated at radius away from axial line distance.This method is flat to tire On the system calibrating method of weighing apparatus machine is realized, not in view of main shaft itself all has amount of unbalance, error is brought to system calibrating, Influence measurement result.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of scaling method of wheel balance system, there are itself for elimination measurement axis not Aequum improves the precision of measurement.
Technical solution used by the scaling method of wheel balance system disclosed by the invention is:
A kind of scaling method of wheel balance system, be suitable for tire balancing equipment, comprising the following steps: (1), main shaft idle running when obtain Take the vector data AO of the first pressure sensor under the state and vector data BO of second pressure sensor, it is practical not Need first to subtract vector data AO, B0 the amount of unbalance to eliminate main shaft there are itself in aequum test;On spindle flange A tire is fixed, tire and measuring scale distance distA, tyre width wid, tire radius R, first pressure sensor are obtained The distance between second pressure sensor distB, live spindle obtain the vector number of the first pressure sensor under the state According to the A1 and vector data B1 of second pressure sensor;The balance weight that a mass is m1, rotation master are loaded in tire medial surface Axis obtains the vector data A2 of the first pressure sensor under the rotation status and the vector data of second pressure sensor B2;The first position that tire ready to balance block reaches medial surface is rotated, takes out the balance weight at medial surface, and it is separate to be placed on tire The second position on the lateral surface of cabinet, live spindle, obtain the vector data A3 of the first pressure sensor under the state with And the vector data B3 of second pressure sensor, wherein first position and second position line are perpendicular to medial surface and lateral surface; Ready to balance block reaches the third place of lateral surface, records the data Delta that main shaft grating disc obtains at this time;(2), by A1, B1, A2, B2 calculate the influence coefficient ratio K1 of first pressure sensor Yu second pressure sensor, calculate first by A2, B2 Pressure sensor and second pressure sensor phase difference K2;Interior outside is calculated by A1, B1, A2, B2, distB, wid parameter The arm of force with respect between the influence COEFFICIENT K 3 and measuring scale and first pressure sensor of distance between first pressure sensor away from From K4;(3), the influence COEFFICIENT K 5 of first pressure sensor is found out by K1, K2, A1, B1, A2, B2, R, m1 parameter;
Preferably, in step 1, the first pressure sensor and second pressure sensor are located at below main shaft.
Preferably, in step 1, the balance weight is provided close to any position of the medial surface of cabinet.
Preferably, the second position and the third place are respectively positioned on the straight line that one passes through tire rotation center.
Preferably, the first position is located at 12 directions of tire medial surface, and the second position is located at wheel 12 directions of tire lateral surface, the third place are located at 6 directions of tire lateral surface.
The beneficial effect of the scaling method of wheel balance system disclosed by the invention is: obtaining vector number in main shaft idle running According to A0, B0, the method for the phase correction of end, eliminating measurement axis, there are the amount of unbalances of itself, so that measurement is become accurate, simultaneously Reduce the technique requirement to machinery production, is conducive to be mass produced.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of wheel balance system of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further elaborated and is illustrated with Figure of description combined with specific embodiments below:
Referring to FIG. 1, a kind of scaling method of wheel balance system, is suitable for tire balancing equipment, comprising the following steps:
(1), first pressure sensor 11 and second pressure sensor 12 are set below main shaft 10, installs screw rod, start motor, Main shaft 10 obtains the vector data AO and second pressure sensor 12 of first pressure sensor 11 under the state when dallying Vector data BO in the test of practical amount of unbalance needs first to subtract vector data AO, B0 to eliminate main shaft there are itself not Aequum.
A tire 20 is fixed on 10 flange of main shaft, obtains tire 20 and 30 distance distA of measuring scale, tire 20 are wide The distance between wid, 20 radius R of tire, first pressure sensor 11 and second pressure sensor 12 distB is spent, it is defeated to system Enter 20 diameter of tire and live spindle 10 after width dimensions, obtains the vector data A1 of the first pressure sensor 11 under the state And the vector data B1 of second pressure sensor 12, measuring scale 30 are arranged close to cabinet.
The balance weight that a quality is m1, rotation master are loaded close to 21 any position of medial surface of measuring scale 30 in tire 20 Axis 10 obtains the vector data A2 of the first pressure sensor 11 under the state and the vector data of second pressure sensor 12 B2,.
It rotates 20 ready to balance block of tire and reaches 12 positions, take out the balance weight at medial surface 21, and be placed on tire 20 12 positions on lateral surface 22 far from measuring scale 30, live spindle 10 obtain the first pressure sensor 11 under the state Vector data A3 and second pressure sensor 12 vector data B3.
Ready to balance block reaches 6 positions, records the data Delta that 10 grating disc of main shaft obtains at this time.
(2), the influence coefficient of first pressure sensor 11 Yu second pressure sensor 12 is calculated by A1, B1, A2, B2 Than K1, phase difference K2 between first pressure sensor 11 and second pressure sensor 12 is calculated by A2, B2;By A1, A2, B1, B2, distB, wid parameter calculate influence COEFFICIENT K 3 and measuring scale of the interior outside forces arm with respect to first pressure sensor 11 The distance between first pressure sensor K4.
(3), the influence COEFFICIENT K 5 of first pressure sensor 11 is found out by K1, K2, A1, B1, A2, B2, R, m1 parameter.
Wherein, 12 o'clock direction is the highest point of balance weight rotation, and 6 o'clock direction is the minimum point of balance weight rotation.Wheel Tire 20 selects medium format size, 20 wide 5.5 inches, 14 inches of diameter of specific tire.
The scaling method of wheel balance system disclosed by the invention obtains vector data A0, B0, knot when main shaft 10 dallies The method of the phase correction of beam, eliminate measurement axis makes measurement become accurate there are the amount of unbalance of itself, while reducing to machine The technique requirement of tool production, is conducive to be mass produced.
Finally it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than the present invention is protected The limitation of range is protected, although explaining in detail referring to preferred embodiment to the present invention, those skilled in the art are answered Work as understanding, it can be with modification or equivalent replacement of the technical solution of the present invention are made, without departing from the reality of technical solution of the present invention Matter and range.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of scaling method of wheel balance system is suitable for tire balancing equipment, which comprises the following steps:
(1), the vector data AO and second pressure sensor of the first pressure sensor under the state are obtained when main shaft dallies Vector data BO, in the test of practical amount of unbalance need first to subtract vector data AO, B0 with eliminate main shaft there are itself Amount of unbalance;
A tire is fixed on spindle flange, obtains tire and measuring scale distance distA, tyre width wid, tire radius R, the distance between first pressure sensor and second pressure sensor distB, live spindle obtain the first pressure under the state The vector data A1 of the force snesor and vector data B1 of second pressure sensor;
The balance weight that a mass is m1, live spindle are loaded in tire medial surface, the first pressure obtained under the rotation status passes The vector data A2 of the sensor and vector data B2 of second pressure sensor;
The first position that tire ready to balance block reaches medial surface is rotated, takes out the balance weight at medial surface, and it is remote to be placed on tire The second position disembarked on the lateral surface of case, live spindle obtain the vector data A3 of the first pressure sensor under the state And the vector data B3 of second pressure sensor, wherein first position and second position line are perpendicular to medial surface and outside Face;
Ready to balance block reaches the third place of lateral surface, records the data Delta that main shaft grating disc obtains at this time;
(2), the influence coefficient ratio K1 that first pressure sensor Yu second pressure sensor are calculated by A1, B1, A2, B2, by A2, B2 calculate first pressure sensor and second pressure sensor phase difference K2;
Interior outside forces arm is calculated with respect to distance between first pressure sensor by A1, B1, A2, B2, distB, wid parameter Influence COEFFICIENT K 3 and the distance between measuring scale and first pressure sensor K4;
(3), the influence COEFFICIENT K 5 of first pressure sensor is found out by K1, K2, A1, B1, A2, B2, R, m1 parameter.
2. the scaling method of wheel balance system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that in step 1, first pressure Force snesor and second pressure sensor are located at below main shaft.
3. the scaling method of wheel balance system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that in step 1, the balance Block is provided close to any position of the medial surface of cabinet.
4. the scaling method of wheel balance system as described in any one of claims 1-3, which is characterized in that the second position It is respectively positioned on the third place on the straight line that one passes through tire rotation center.
5. the scaling method of wheel balance system as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the first position is located at tire 12 directions of medial surface, the second position are located at 12 directions of tire lateral surface, and the third place is located at outside tire 6 directions of side.
CN201910401171.8A 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 Calibration method of tire balance system Active CN110207894B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910401171.8A CN110207894B (en) 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 Calibration method of tire balance system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910401171.8A CN110207894B (en) 2019-05-15 2019-05-15 Calibration method of tire balance system

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CN110207894B CN110207894B (en) 2021-12-28

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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1374510A (en) * 2001-03-08 2002-10-16 国际计测器株式会社 Equipment and method for measuring tyre uniformity and/or dynamic balance
CN101196427A (en) * 2006-12-08 2008-06-11 张芝泉 Method for calibrating and measuring unbalance amount of tire
CN101532900A (en) * 2009-04-03 2009-09-16 浙江大学 Vertical type wheel hub dynamic balancing machine
CN102072797A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-05-25 深圳市元征软件开发有限公司 Method for measuring unbalance of spindle in measurement of dynamic balance of tire and tire balancing machine
CN102156025A (en) * 2010-12-17 2011-08-17 深圳市元征软件开发有限公司 System calibration method of tire balancing machine
CN106338361A (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-01-18 北京工业大学 Tyre dynamic balance measurement method based on influence coefficient
CN208026430U (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-10-30 深圳市羱羊科技有限公司 A kind of tire dynamic and balance owner axle assembly
CN109642845A (en) * 2016-08-24 2019-04-16 三菱重工机械系统株式会社 Wheel balance measurement device, the evaluation method of wheel balance measurement device, the bearing calibration of wheel balance measurement device, wheel balance measurement device correction program

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1374510A (en) * 2001-03-08 2002-10-16 国际计测器株式会社 Equipment and method for measuring tyre uniformity and/or dynamic balance
CN101196427A (en) * 2006-12-08 2008-06-11 张芝泉 Method for calibrating and measuring unbalance amount of tire
CN101532900A (en) * 2009-04-03 2009-09-16 浙江大学 Vertical type wheel hub dynamic balancing machine
CN102156025A (en) * 2010-12-17 2011-08-17 深圳市元征软件开发有限公司 System calibration method of tire balancing machine
CN102072797A (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-05-25 深圳市元征软件开发有限公司 Method for measuring unbalance of spindle in measurement of dynamic balance of tire and tire balancing machine
CN109642845A (en) * 2016-08-24 2019-04-16 三菱重工机械系统株式会社 Wheel balance measurement device, the evaluation method of wheel balance measurement device, the bearing calibration of wheel balance measurement device, wheel balance measurement device correction program
CN106338361A (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-01-18 北京工业大学 Tyre dynamic balance measurement method based on influence coefficient
CN208026430U (en) * 2018-03-20 2018-10-30 深圳市羱羊科技有限公司 A kind of tire dynamic and balance owner axle assembly

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