CN110203756A - A kind of moveable cable-laying gear - Google Patents

A kind of moveable cable-laying gear Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110203756A
CN110203756A CN201910574972.4A CN201910574972A CN110203756A CN 110203756 A CN110203756 A CN 110203756A CN 201910574972 A CN201910574972 A CN 201910574972A CN 110203756 A CN110203756 A CN 110203756A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
cable
component
plate
laying
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910574972.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110203756B (en
Inventor
涂平稳
刘人礼
王晓毅
Original Assignee
国网四川省电力公司自贡供电公司
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Priority to CN201910574972.4A priority Critical patent/CN110203756B/en
Publication of CN110203756A publication Critical patent/CN110203756A/en
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Publication of CN110203756B publication Critical patent/CN110203756B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H49/00Unwinding or paying-out filamentary material; Supporting, storing or transporting packages from which filamentary material is to be withdrawn or paid-out
    • B65H49/18Methods or apparatus in which packages rotate
    • B65H49/20Package-supporting devices
    • B65H49/30Swifts or skein holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H49/00Unwinding or paying-out filamentary material; Supporting, storing or transporting packages from which filamentary material is to be withdrawn or paid-out
    • B65H49/18Methods or apparatus in which packages rotate
    • B65H49/20Package-supporting devices
    • B65H49/32Stands or frameworks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/06Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for laying cables, e.g. laying apparatus on vehicle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/34Handled filamentary material electric cords or electric power cables

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of moveable cable-laying gear, including support frame, walking component, cable reel, the cable reel are horizontally disposed;It further include tightening component;The retraction assemblies include mounting base, interlocking lever group, extension spring and gear assembly;The gear assembly includes shaft and rotate gear;The rotate gear coaxial line covers the rotation of axis in shaft and around the shaft;The link assembly is in scissors support structure, one end of the link assembly and the connection of shaft, and the other end of the link assembly is connect with mounting base;The extension spring both ends are connect with the both ends of link assembly respectively;The ring gear track by proximal edge is provided in the disk of the cable reel;The rotate gear is engaged with ring gear track.The present invention uses tightening component to provide reversal interlocking relay for cable reel, so that cable reel is tightened cable after unwrapping wire or keeps the tightening trend of cable, avoids cable line relaxation, cause cable to touch and scrape, skid off.

Description

A kind of moveable cable-laying gear
Technical field
The present invention relates to cable-laying gear technical fields, and in particular to a kind of moveable cable-laying gear.
Background technique
Currently, most of cable packaging modes are cable reel, when carrying out cable laying at the construction field (site), must be applied according to scene Work condition is supported cable reel, is convenient for cable laying, while for convenient construction, can be according to the variation of cable run It is required that changing the installation point of cable reel again.Country's cable reel majority is that wooden or angle steel makes, and uses thick walled steel tube at present Across cable disc core, uses the channel steel for being welded into cross as pedestal, set up laying.
When cable reel is made or is relatively large in diameter using angle steel, more heavy, difficult is especially wound around needs After the cable of laying, quality is bigger, and manpower is difficult to move, and causes with needing the installation according to laying path change cable reel It is difficult when point.
To solve the above-mentioned problems, CN207001919U discloses a kind of cable-laying gear being moved easily, using water The turntable of placing flat, and arbitrarily the cutting between walking states and holding state by liftable walking basal seat realization device It changes, handling work intensity can be effectively reduced under the premise of not influencing and laying work, can also be effectively reduced when laying work The influence of horizontal applied force.
When cable laying, cable reel rotates under the action of dragger, realizes unwrapping wire.When one section of cable wire routing terminates, At the end of drawing machine travel, cable reel will continue to release a bit of cable under effect of inertia, cause the cable line relaxation of laying, Loose cable is easy to carry out scraping collision with surrounding devices, or even cable is caused to skid off from laying support, and cable is caused to damage Wound, influences the service life of cable.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the prior art, provides a kind of moveable cable-laying gear, uses tightening component for cable Disk provides reversal interlocking relay, so that cable reel is tightened cable after unwrapping wire or keeps the tightening trend of cable, avoids cable Line relaxation causes cable to touch and scrapes, skids off.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of moveable cable-laying gear, including support frame, peace Walking component, the cable reel of rotational installation on the support frame mounted in support frame lower surface, the cable reel are horizontally disposed.It is described Cable-laying gear further includes tightening component;The retraction assemblies include mounting base, interlocking lever group, extension spring and gear set Part;The gear assembly includes shaft and rotate gear;The rotate gear coaxial line covers axis in shaft and around the shaft Rotation;The link assembly be in scissors support structure, one end of the link assembly and the connection of shaft, the link assembly it is another One end is connect with mounting base;The extension spring both ends are connect with the both ends of link assembly respectively;In the disk of the cable reel It is provided with the ring gear track by proximal edge;The rotate gear is engaged with ring gear track;The link assembly and electricity Cable disk is horizontally disposed.
The extension spring remains tensional state, and cable reel is made to remain the rotation opposite with when cable reel unwrapping wire Trend.The link assembly is arranged in parallel with cable reel, and the pulling force and cable reel level for providing link assembly are tangent, reduces energy Amount loss.
Further, the gear assembly includes first gear component and second gear component;First gear component and Two gear assemblies include shaft and rotate gear;Connected between the first gear component and second gear component by connecting plate It connects;The interlocking lever group includes the first interlocking lever group and the second interlocking lever group, the first interlocking lever group and the second interlocking lever group It is parallel to each other and is scissors support structure;The disk upper and lower surfaces of the cable reel are symmetrically arranged with annular tooth wheel track Road;The rotate gear of the first gear component is engaged with the ring gear track of cable reel upper surface, first interlocking lever Group is connect with first gear component;The rotate gear of the second gear component is nibbled with the ring gear track of cable reel lower surface Close, described the and interlocking lever group is connect with second gear component.
The first gear component and second gear component are located at the upper and lower surfaces of cable reel, make tightening group Part provides enough tightening forces for the trend that rotates backward of cable reel, so that it is tightened effect more preferable.
Further, support frame as described above includes bottom plate, two upright bars and pushing hands;The walking component includes the installation of rectangle Plate, the universal wheel for being separately positioned on four angles in mounting plate lower surface;The mounting plate side is provided with multiple hinged with bottom plate The articulation piece of " Z " font;The articulation piece both ends are hinged with bottom plate and mounting plate respectively;It is provided on the bottom plate and universal wheel One-to-one walking through slot;The upright bar is arranged at one side of bottom plate;The pushing hands is "U" shaped structure, the pushing hands Open end be fixedly connected with mounting plate two sides, two lateral walls of the other end pass through connecting rod respectively and two upright bars are hinged.
The pushing hands and hinged with upright bar allows mounting plate to pass through pull-up pushing hands and pushing hands is pushed to realize walking component It pull-up and puts down, realizes the change of cable-laying gear state.
Further, the vertical bar is far from being provided with limiting slot on the side of mounting plate;Being hinged in the pushing hands can It is embedded in the limit buckle of limiting slot, the limit of pushing hands is realized, remains unchanged the state of cable-laying gear.
Further, the cable-laying gear further includes lifting assembly, and the lifting assembly includes stretching of being vertically arranged Contracting bar and the rotation concave wheel for being rotatably installed in telescopic rod one end;The telescopic rod is mounted on mounting plate far from one end of rotation concave wheel On.
The cable that the cable reel is released is wound in rotation concave wheel and re-extends to laying scene, realizes that cable enters and applies If the height at scene is adjustable, avoid cable due to entering the height at laying scene not to the week for causing cable and laying scene Scraping collision occurs for peripheral equipment, structure.
Further, the lifting assembly further includes the fixing seat for detachably installing lifting assembly, the fixing seat Including L-type fixed plate and the sliding panel being slidably mounted on L-type mounting plate, the sliding panel and L-type fixed plate are solid by bolt It is fixed;The telescopic rod is fixed on L-type fixed plate far from one end of rotation concave wheel and does not connect sliding panel part.
The lifting assembly is installed on a mounting board by dismountable fixing seat, realizes the adjustment of lifting assembly position, The cable released is set to keep on one wire, making remaining in the process of laying the line for cable from cable reel, laying place Impact direction makes it be not easy to skid off cable bearer on the same line.
Compared with prior art, the present invention have the following advantages that and the utility model has the advantages that
(1) a kind of moveable cable-laying gear provided by the present invention, uses tightening component to provide instead for cable reel To pulling force, so that cable reel is tightened cable after unwrapping wire or keep the tightening trend of cable, avoid cable line relaxation, make It is touched at cable and scrapes, skids off.
(2) a kind of moveable cable-laying gear provided by the present invention is additionally provided with lifting device, realizes cable It is adjustable into the height for laying scene, avoid cable existing with laying not to cable is caused due to the height for entering laying scene Scraping collision occurs for the surrounding devices of field, structure.
(3) a kind of lifting device of moveable cable-laying gear provided by the present invention is provided with compressed spring, makes It also has tensioning cable on the basis of having the function of liftable.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of retraction assemblies of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of 5 telescopic rod of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the fix seat of that invention;
Wherein: 1-support frame, 11-bottom plates, 12-upright bars, 13-pushing hands, 2-walking components, 21-mounting plates, 22- Universal wheel, 23-articulation pieces, 3-cable reels, 31-ring gear tracks, 4-tightening components, 41-mounting bases, 42-interlock Bar group, the 421-the first interlocking lever group, the 422-the second interlocking lever group, 43-extension springs, 44-gear assemblies, 441-the first Gear assembly, 442-second gear components, 5-lifting assemblies, 51-telescopic rods, 511-loop bars, 512-sleeves, 513-pressures Contracting spring, 514-sliding shoes, 52-rotation concave wheels, 53-fixing seats.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below with reference to embodiment, embodiments of the present invention are not limited thereto.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, a kind of moveable cable-laying gear, a kind of moveable cable-laying gear, Including support frame 1, be mounted on 1 lower surface of support frame walking component, the cable reel 3 that is rotatably installed on support frame 1, the electricity Cable disk 3 is horizontally disposed.The cable-laying gear further includes tightening component 4;The retraction assemblies include mounting base 41, interlocking lever Group 42, extension spring 43 and gear assembly 44;The gear assembly 44 includes shaft and rotate gear;The rotate gear is coaxial Line covers the rotation of axis in shaft and around the shaft;The link assembly be in scissors support structure, one end of the link assembly with The other end of the connection of shaft, the link assembly is connect with mounting base 41;43 both ends of extension spring respectively with connection rod set The both ends of part connect;The ring gear track 31 by proximal edge is provided in the disk of the cable reel 3;The rotate gear with Ring gear track 31 engages;The link assembly and cable reel 3 are horizontally disposed.
The extension spring 43 remains tensional state, keeps cable reel 3 opposite when remaining with 3 unwrapping wire of cable reel Rotation trend.The link assembly is arranged in parallel with cable reel 3, and the pulling force for providing link assembly is horizontal tangent with cable reel 3, Reduce energy loss.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment is to improve on the basis of embodiment 1, is theed improvement is that: the gear assembly 44 includes First gear component 441 and second gear component 442;First gear component 441 and second gear component 442 include shaft and Rotate gear;It is connected between the first gear component 441 and second gear component 442 by connecting plate;The interlocking lever group 42 include the first interlocking lever group 421 and the second interlocking lever group 422, the first interlocking lever group 421 and 422 phase of the second interlocking lever group It is mutually parallel and be scissors support structure;The disk upper and lower surfaces of the cable reel 3 are symmetrically arranged with ring gear track 31;The rotate gear of the first gear component 441 is engaged with the ring gear track 31 of 3 upper surface of cable reel, and described first Interlocking lever group 421 is connect with first gear component 441;The rotate gear of the second gear component 442 and 3 lower surface of cable reel Ring gear track 31 engage, described the and interlocking lever group 42 is connect with second gear component 442.
The first gear component 441 and second gear component 442 are located at the upper and lower surfaces of cable reel 3, So that the trend that rotates backward of 4 cable reel 3 of tightening component is provided enough tightening forces, so that it is tightened effect more preferable.
Other parts are substantially the same manner as Example 1 in the present embodiment, therefore no longer repeat one by one.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment is improved on the basis of embodiment 2, is theed improvement is that: support frame as described above 1 includes bottom 11, two upright bars 12 of plate and pushing hands 13;The walking component includes the mounting plate 21 of rectangle, is separately positioned on 21 following table of mounting plate The universal wheel 22 at four angles in face;21 side of mounting plate is provided with the articulation piece 23 of multiple " Z " fonts hinged with bottom plate 11; 23 both ends of articulation piece are hinged with bottom plate 11 and mounting plate 21 respectively;It is provided on the bottom plate 11 a pair of with universal wheel 22 1 The walking through slot answered;The upright bar 12 is arranged at one side of bottom plate 11;The pushing hands 13 is "U" shaped structure, the pushing hands 13 open end is fixedly connected with 21 two sides of mounting plate, and two lateral walls of the other end pass through connecting rod and two upright bars 12 respectively Hingedly.
The pushing hands 13 and hinged with upright bar 12, allows mounting plate 21 to pass through pull-up pushing hands 13 and pushing hands 13 is pushed to realize Walk component pull-up and put down, realization cable-laying gear state change.
The vertical bar is provided with limiting slot on the side far from mounting plate 21;Embeddable limit is hinged in the pushing hands 13 The limit buckle of position slot, realizes the limit of pushing hands 13, remains unchanged the state of cable-laying gear.
Other parts and embodiment 1 or 2 are essentially identical in the present embodiment, therefore no longer repeat one by one.
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment is improved on the basis of embodiment 3, and the improvement is that: the cable-laying gear is also Including lifting assembly 5, the lifting assembly 5 includes the telescopic rod 51 being vertically arranged and turn for being rotatably installed in 51 one end of telescopic rod Dynamic concave wheel 52;The telescopic rod 51 is mounted on mounting plate 21 far from one end of rotation concave wheel 52.
The cable that the cable reel 3 is released is wound in rotation concave wheel 52 and re-extends to laying scene, realize cable into The height for entering to lay scene is adjustable, avoids cable live with laying not to cable is caused due to the height into laying scene Surrounding devices, structure occur scraping collision.
Preferably, as shown in figure 3, the lifting assembly 5 further includes the fixing seat for detachably installing lifting assembly 5 53, the fixing seat 53 includes L-type fixed plate and the sliding panel being slidably mounted on L-type mounting plate 21, the sliding panel and L-type Fixed plate is bolted;The telescopic rod 51 is fixed on L-type fixed plate far from one end of rotation concave wheel 52 and does not connect cunning Movable plate part.
The lifting assembly 5 is mounted on mounting plate 21 by dismountable fixing seat 53, realizes 5 position of lifting assembly Adjustment makes the cable released keep on one wire, making the beginning in the process of laying the line of cable from cable reel 3, laying place It keeps Impact direction on the same line eventually, it is made to be not easy to skid off cable bearer.
Other parts are substantially the same manner as Example 3 in the present embodiment, therefore no longer repeat one by one.
Embodiment 5
The present embodiment is improved on the basis of embodiment 4, is theed improvement is that: as shown in figure 4, the lifting Component 5 includes loop bar 511, sleeve 512, sliding shoe 514 and compressed spring 513, and the sleeve 512 is provided with open at one end lead Xiang Kong is provided with kidney-shaped sliding channel on the side wall of the sleeve 512, and the sliding shoe 514 is embedded in sleeve 512 and sliding shoe Kidney-shaped sliding channel is stretched out in 514 one end;The part that the sliding shoe 514 stretches out kidney-shaped sliding channel is provided with limited block, uses In the sliding position of limit slippage block 514;Described 513 one end of compressed spring is mounted on sliding shoe 514 far from pilot hole bottom surface On side, the other end is fixedly connected with an end face of loop bar 511, and one end that the loop bar 511 connects compressed spring 513 is embedded in set It can slide in cylinder 512 and along sleeve 512;The rotation concave wheel 52 is rotatably installed in one of loop bar 511 far from compressed spring 513 End.
The telescopic rod 51 makes it on the basis of with liftable using the telescopic rod 51 for being equipped with compressed spring 513 Also have the function of being tensioned cable.
Other parts are substantially the same manner as Example 4 in the present embodiment, therefore no longer repeat one by one.
The above is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, not does limitation in any form to the present invention, it is all according to According to technical spirit any simple modification to the above embodiments of the invention, equivalent variations, protection of the invention is each fallen within Within the scope of.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of moveable cable-laying gear, including support frame (1), the walking component that is mounted on support frame (1) lower surface, The cable reel (3) being rotatably installed on support frame (1), the cable reel (3) are horizontally disposed;It is characterized by also including tightenings Component (4);The retraction assemblies include mounting base (41), interlocking lever group (42), extension spring (43) and gear assembly (44);Institute Stating gear assembly (44) includes shaft and rotate gear;The rotate gear coaxial line covers axis in shaft and around the shaft and turns It is dynamic;The link assembly be in scissors support structure, one end of the link assembly and the connection of shaft, the link assembly it is another End is connect with mounting base (41);Extension spring (43) both ends are connect with the both ends of link assembly respectively;The cable reel (3) Disk on be provided with ring gear track (31) by proximal edge;The rotate gear is engaged with ring gear track (31); The link assembly and cable reel (3) are horizontally disposed.
2. a kind of moveable cable-laying gear according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the gear assembly (44) Including first gear component (441) and second gear component (442);First gear component (441) and second gear component (442) It include shaft and rotate gear;Connected between the first gear component (441) and second gear component (442) by connecting plate It connects;The interlocking lever group (42) includes the first interlocking lever group (421) and the second interlocking lever group (422), the first interlocking lever group (421) it is parallel to each other with the second interlocking lever group (422) and is scissors support structure;The disk upper surface of the cable reel (3) and Lower surface is symmetrically arranged with ring gear track (31);In the rotate gear of the first gear component (441) and cable reel (3) The ring gear track (31) on surface engages, and the first interlocking lever group (421) connect with first gear component (441);It is described The rotate gear of second gear component (442) is engaged with the ring gear track (31) of cable reel (3) lower surface, described and connect Lever group (42) is connect with second gear component (442).
3. a kind of moveable cable-laying gear according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: support frame as described above (1) packet Include bottom plate (11), two upright bars (12) and pushing hands (13);The walking component includes the mounting plate (21) of rectangle, is separately positioned on The universal wheel (22) at mounting plate (21) four angles in lower surface;Mounting plate (21) side is provided with multiple hinged with bottom plate (11) " Z " font articulation piece (23);Articulation piece (23) both ends are hinged with bottom plate (11) and mounting plate (21) respectively;The bottom It is provided on plate (11) and walks correspondingly through slot with universal wheel (22);The upright bar (12) is arranged at the one of bottom plate (11) Side;The pushing hands (13) is "U" shaped structure, and the open end of the pushing hands (13) is fixedly connected with mounting plate (21) two sides, Two lateral walls of the other end pass through connecting rod respectively and two upright bars (12) are hinged.
4. a kind of moveable cable-laying gear according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the vertical bar is far from installation Limiting slot is provided on the side of plate (21);The limit buckle of embeddable limiting slot is hinged on the pushing hands (13).
5. a kind of moveable cable-laying gear according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: further include lifting assembly (5), the lifting assembly (5) includes that the telescopic rod (51) being vertically arranged and the rotation for being rotatably installed in telescopic rod (51) one end are recessed It takes turns (52);The telescopic rod (51) is mounted on mounting plate (21) far from one end of rotation concave wheel (52).
6. a kind of moveable cable-laying gear according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the lifting assembly (5) It further include the fixing seat (53) for detachably installing lifting assembly (5), the fixing seat (53) includes L-type fixed plate and sliding The sliding panel being mounted on L-type mounting plate (21), the sliding panel are bolted with L-type fixed plate;The telescopic rod (51) one end far from rotation concave wheel (52) is fixed on L-type fixed plate and does not connect sliding panel part.
CN201910574972.4A 2019-06-28 2019-06-28 Movable cable laying device Active CN110203756B (en)

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DE3907792A1 (en) * 1988-03-30 1989-10-19 Stoeckle Hans Device for unwinding cables from a cable reel or a cable ring
CS271155B1 (en) * 1988-10-31 1990-08-14 Pavel Ing Sehnal Rewinder especially for tungsten wire
JP3580582B2 (en) * 1994-11-04 2004-10-27 日本電信電話株式会社 Driving device for cable feeding drum
EP1841548A1 (en) * 2004-12-30 2007-10-10 Schnell S.p.A. Apparatus for unrolling rolls of iron rods and the like
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CN203959552U (en) * 2014-06-13 2014-11-26 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Novel cable draw off gear
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