CN110203357A - A kind of docking of ROV approximately level and release device - Google Patents

A kind of docking of ROV approximately level and release device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN110203357A
CN110203357A CN201910536673.1A CN201910536673A CN110203357A CN 110203357 A CN110203357 A CN 110203357A CN 201910536673 A CN201910536673 A CN 201910536673A CN 110203357 A CN110203357 A CN 110203357A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ring
bearing
release
rov
guiding axis
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910536673.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN110203357B (en
Inventor
赵飞虎
朱忠
许可
Original Assignee
中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所)
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所) filed Critical 中国船舶科学研究中心(中国船舶重工集团公司第七0二研究所)
Priority to CN201910536673.1A priority Critical patent/CN110203357B/en
Publication of CN110203357A publication Critical patent/CN110203357A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110203357B publication Critical patent/CN110203357B/en

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63CLAUNCHING, HAULING-OUT, OR DRY-DOCKING OF VESSELS; LIFE-SAVING IN WATER; EQUIPMENT FOR DWELLING OR WORKING UNDER WATER; MEANS FOR SALVAGING OR SEARCHING FOR UNDERWATER OBJECTS
    • B63C11/00Equipment for dwelling or working underwater; Means for searching for underwater objects
    • B63C11/34Diving chambers with mechanical link, e.g. cable, to a base

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of docking of ROV approximately level and release devices, including bearing base, cavity is formed with inside it, bearing base lower surface is circumferentially spaced to be uniformly equipped with multiple guide seats, it is radially provided with the through-hole being connected to the cavity in each guide seats, is equipped with the bearing pin slid along in through-hole;Bearing base upper surface middle part is provided with the centre bore being connected to the cavity, and hollow sleeve engaged therewith is equipped in centre bore;Multiple lifting bolts are installed on bearing base upper surface;It further include butt muff: including guiding axis, its both ends is equipped with the limit shaft shoulder, the channel passed through for ROV umbilical cables is formed in the middle part of guiding axis, load-bearing ring is fixedly installed on guiding axis, the release ring to slide axially is installed on guiding axis below, it discharges ring and load-bearing ring and bearing pin cooperates, guiding axis, release ring and load-bearing ring is made to move up and down along the cavity relative to bearing base.Operation of the present invention is simply high-efficient, improves operational security.

Description

A kind of docking of ROV approximately level and release device

Technical field

The present invention relates to ROV to dock release tech field, especially a kind of ROV approximately level docking and release device.

Background technique

Cable control submersible (ROV) is one of main tool of scientific research of seas, is usually used in underwater observation, samples and survey The job tasks such as spy.Before starting job task, usually ROV is hung from lash ship using the boom hoisting installed on lash ship To underwater approximately level, then hook is separated with ROV, ROV is made to be free to move to specified operation waters completion Scheduled job task;After the task of fulfiling assignment, hook is connected at approximately level under water with ROV, then passes through lifting ROV is sling and is recycled on lash ship by device.In this process, the unhook of ROV is usually to be dived beneath the water by frogman with hook By what is manually completed, when sea situation is more severe, operated by the way of this manually de- hook, one side frogman The success rate of de- hook is lower, and the life security of another aspect frogman cannot ensure.

Summary of the invention

The applicant provides a kind of structurally reasonable ROV approximately level docking for the disadvantage in above-mentioned existing production technology With release device, it is more easy, time saving and energy saving to operate, to reduce manual operation bring security risk.

The technical solution adopted in the present invention is as follows:

A kind of docking of ROV approximately level and release device, including bearing base, the bearing base generally body structure, in Portion is formed with cavity axially extend, both ends open, the lower surface of body structure is circumferentially spaced be uniformly equipped with it is multiple Guide seats are radially provided with the through-hole being connected to the cavity in each guide seats, and holding of sliding along is equipped in through-hole It sells again;Bearing base upper surface middle part is provided with the centre bore being connected to the cavity, is equipped in centre bore engaged therewith hollow Sleeve;Multiple lifting bolts are installed on bearing base upper surface;It further include butt muff, structure are as follows: including guiding axis, two End is equipped with the limit shaft shoulder, forms the channel passed through for ROV umbilical cables in the middle part of guiding axis, is fixedly installed with load-bearing ring on guiding axis, The release ring to slide axially is installed on guiding axis below, discharges ring and load-bearing ring and bearing pin cooperates, make guiding axis, It discharges ring and load-bearing ring and moves up and down along the cavity relative to bearing base.

As a further improvement of the above technical scheme:

The mounting structure of the bearing pin are as follows: the guide in the through-hole including guide seats are fixedly mounted, bearing pin sliding It is mounted in guide inner hole, and after guide is stretched out respectively in both ends, is limited respectively by the inner shield ring and outer retaining ring that are mounted on guide both ends Position, bearing pin are extended with smaller diameter end far from one end of chamber central, which is provided with both ends and are limited respectively by bearing pin and outer retaining ring The little spring of position.

Guiding axis is hollow shaft, and the lower part of the fixed limit shaft shoulder for being set in guiding axis top of load-bearing ring discharges ring and holds Guiding axis between weight ring is equipped with big spring.

Load-bearing ring upper surface is hemisphere face, and lower surface is the circular conical surface of indent, and release ring is tied at cone symmetrical above and below Structure, and the diameter for discharging ring is successively decreased from middle part to two sides, the lower surface of the upper surface and load-bearing ring that discharge ring is mutually matched engaging.

Two earrings are symmetrically arranged on the limit shaft shoulder of guiding axis bottom end.

There are two the hollow sleeve is set, respectively long sleeve and short sleeve, long sleeve are longer than the axial length of short sleeve.

Bearing base is formed cylindrical body structure, the lifting bolt distribution by the pedestal split of multiple fan-shaped structures In the upper surface of each pedestal, the guide seats are connected by screw on the lower surface of each pedestal.

Supporting element is mounted by means of screws between adjacent guide seats.

Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:

Structure of the invention is compact, reasonable, easy to operate, without increasing the dynamical systems such as electric power, hydraulic, sets in existing facility Laying with recycling for the task that ROV can be completed on the basis of standby, compared to the prior art by frogman by manually completing The support hook-hanging motion of ROV, the device of the invention operation is more easy, time saving, while it is hidden safely to reduce manual operation bring Suffer from.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is three dimensional sectional view of the invention.

Fig. 3 is the status diagram of the invention discharged before ROV.

Status diagram when Fig. 4 is present invention release ROV.

Status diagram when Fig. 5 is present invention docking ROV.

Fig. 6 is the status diagram after present invention docking ROV.

Wherein: 1, bearing base;2, butt muff;3, ROV umbilical cables;101, lifting bolt;102, pedestal;103, it supports Part;104, guide seats;105, long sleeve;106, inner shield ring;107, bearing pin;108, guide;109, little spring;110, outer gear Circle;111, short sleeve;112, cavity;201, load-bearing ring;202, big spring;203, ring is discharged;204, guiding axis;205, earrings.

Specific embodiment

Specific embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the docking of ROV approximately level and release device of the present embodiment, including bearing base 1, bearing base 1 Generally body structure, inside be formed with cavity 112 axially extend, both ends open, the lower surface edge of body structure It is circumferentially-spaced multiple guide seats 104 are uniformly installed, it is radially provided in each guide seats 104 and is connected to cavity 112 Through-hole, through-hole is interior to be equipped with the bearing pin 107 slid along;1 upper surface middle part of bearing base is provided with the center being connected to cavity 112 Hole is equipped with hollow sleeve engaged therewith in centre bore;Multiple lifting bolts 101 are installed on 1 upper surface of bearing base;Also wrap Include butt muff 2, structure are as follows: including guiding axis 204, both ends are equipped with the limit shaft shoulder, are formed in the middle part of guiding axis 204 for ROV The channel that umbilical cables 3 pass through is fixedly installed with load-bearing ring 201 on guiding axis 204, is equipped with edge on guiding axis 204 below Ring 203 is discharged in axial sliding, ring 203 and load-bearing ring 201 is discharged and bearing pin 107 cooperates, and makes guiding axis 204, release ring 203 And load-bearing ring 201 moves up and down along cavity 112 relative to bearing base 1.

As shown in Figure 3-Figure 5, the mounting structure of bearing pin 107 are as follows: including being fixedly mounted in the through-hole of guide seats 104 After guide 108, bearing pin 107 are slidably mounted in 108 inner hole of guide, and guide 108 is stretched out at both ends respectively, respectively by being mounted on The inner shield ring 106 and outer retaining ring 110 at 108 both ends of guide limit, and bearing pin 107 is extended with small far from the one end at 112 center of cavity Diameter end which is provided with the little spring 109 that both ends are limited by bearing pin 107 and outer retaining ring 110 respectively.

Guiding axis 204 is hollow shaft, and the lower part of the fixed limit shaft shoulder for being set in 204 top of guiding axis of load-bearing ring 201 is released The guiding axis 204 put between ring 203 and load-bearing ring 201 is equipped with big spring 202.

201 upper surface of load-bearing ring is hemisphere face, and lower surface is the circular conical surface of indent, discharges ring 203 into circle symmetrical above and below Pyramidal structure, and the diameter for discharging ring 203 is successively decreased from middle part to two sides, discharges the upper surface of ring 203 and the following table of load-bearing ring 201 Face is mutually matched engaging.

Two earrings 205 are symmetrically arranged on the limit shaft shoulder of 204 bottom end of guiding axis.

There are two hollow sleeve is set, respectively long sleeve 105 and short sleeve 111, axis of the long sleeve 105 than short sleeve 111 It is long to length.

Bearing base 1 is formed cylindrical body structure, lifting bolt 101 by 102 split of pedestal of multiple fan-shaped structures It is distributed in the upper surface of each pedestal 102, guide seats 104 are connected by screw on the lower surface of each pedestal 102.

Supporting element 103 is mounted by means of screws between adjacent guide seats 104.

Implementation principle and implementation process of the invention is as follows:

The present invention is integrally divided into two parts, the lifting that wherein bearing base 1 passes through boom hoisting on lifting bolt 101 and lash ship Hook is connected, and butt muff 2 is connected by earrings 205 with ROV, and by ROV umbilical cables 3 across guiding axis 204, from bearing base 1 Be pierced by the hollow sleeve of centre bore, by two parts link up get up, by control lash ship on boom hoisting and ROV can facilitate The two-part docking of the present apparatus and release are realized in ground, to complete the recycling of ROV and lay.

As shown in Figure 1, butt muff 2 is fixedly connected by guiding axis 204 with the umbilical cables 3 of ROV, 3 upper end of umbilical cables is stretched Out after the hollow sleeve in the centre bore of bearing base 1, can freely it be moved on bearing base 1,3 upper end of umbilical cables is fixed on On lash ship.Lifting bolt 101 is connected through a screw thread the top for being mounted on pedestal 102, is bolted between 3 pedestals 102 As an entirety, guide seats 104, which are connected by screw to, to be mounted on pedestal 102, and supporting element 103 is connected by screw to installation Between adjacent guide seats 104.The bottom earrings 205 of butt muff 2 is connect with the load-carrying members of ROV by wirerope, The lifting bolt 101 of bearing base 1 is connect with the boom hoisting of lash ship, and the docking of ROV approximately level is in mated condition with release device When, the gravity of ROV is transmitted to the boom hoisting of lash ship along wirerope, butt muff 2, bearing base 1.

As shown in Fig. 2, hollow sleeve is mounted at 102 top center hole of pedestal using long sleeve 105;Inner shield ring 106, outer retaining ring 110 is connected by screw to respectively in the guide seats 104 for being mounted on 108 both ends of guide, inner shield ring 106, outer gear Circle 110 is separately mounted to the inner side and outer side of guide seats 104, and bearing pin 107 can move in axle sleeve 108;Load-bearing ring 201 is solid On guiding axis 204, load-bearing ring 201 is limited by the shaft shoulder of the upper end of guiding axis 204 for Dingan County, and release ring 203 is mounted on guiding On axis 204, release 203 bottom of ring is limited by the shaft shoulder of guiding axis 204, and release ring 203 can move on guiding axis 204, big bullet Spring 202 is mounted on guiding axis 204, and the upper end of big spring 202 is limited by load-bearing ring 201, and 202 lower end of big spring is by release ring 203 limits.

Before discharging ROV, the ROV approximately level docking of the present embodiment and the state of release device are as shown in figure 3, on lash ship The hook of boom hoisting is connected with the lifting bolt 101 of the present apparatus, and ROV is connect with 2 earrings 205 of 204 bottom of guiding axis, And load-bearing ring 201 is placed in the upside of bearing pin 107, it is lifted by crane in this state, together by ROV and the device of the invention Into the water, and make ROV completely not under the water surface at approximately level.

As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, after ROV is completely in underwater, staff controls ROV and is in underwater floating state, That is the position of butt muff 2 is fixed, and manipulation boom hoisting makes bearing base 1 of the invention continue to transfer, and bearing pin 107 is in release ring Start to bounce back under the action of 203 top frustum cone side, until bearing pin 107 crosses release 203 maximum gauge position of ring, load-bearing Pin 107 reversely pops up;Control boom hoisting lifts by crane bearing base 1 upwards later, due to the obstruction by bearing pin 107, discharges ring 203 can follow bearing pin 107 to move upwardly together, until release ring 203 is in contact with load-bearing ring 201, release ring 203 stops moving Dynamic, bearing pin 107 starts to bounce back under the action of discharging 203 lower tapered surface of ring, until bearing pin 107 crosses release 203 He of ring The release task of ROV is completed so that bearing base 1 be made to separate with butt muff 2 in 201 maximum gauge position of load-bearing ring.

As Figure 1-Figure 4, when discharging ROV, hollow sleeve is mounted on 102 top of pedestal using short sleeve 111 Central hole.As shown in figure 5, need for short sleeve 111 to be changed to long sleeve 105 before carrying out docking ROV task, it is short The axial length of the ratio long sleeve 105 of sleeve 111 is short.After ROV is run to underwater approximately level, transferred by boom hoisting Bearing base 1, due to the obstruction by 201 upper hemispherical surface of load-bearing ring, is held in bearing pin 107 with after the contact of load-bearing ring 201 Pin 107 starts to bounce back again, until crossing 201 maximum gauge position of load-bearing ring, bearing pin 107 is reversely popped up, bearing base 1 and docking The state of sleeve 2 is as shown in fig. 6, completing the docking of bearing base 1 and butt muff 2, continuing up lifting and then completing ROV's Recycling task.

It wherein, is to avoid in docking by the purpose that short sleeve 111 is changed to long sleeve 105, what bearing base 1 moved down Apart from excessive, so that bearing pin 107 is located at the downside of release ring 203, be unable to complete the docking of bearing base 1 and butt muff 2.

Above description is explanation of the invention, is not intended to limit the invention, and limited range of the present invention is referring to right It is required that within protection scope of the present invention, any type of modification can be made.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of ROV approximately level docking and release device, it is characterised in that: including bearing base (1), the bearing base (1) is whole For body structure, inside be formed with cavity (112) axially extend, both ends open, the lower surface of body structure is along week It is uniformly equipped with multiple guide seats (104) to interval, is radially provided with and the cavity in each guide seats (104) (112) through-hole being connected to, through-hole is interior to be equipped with the bearing pin (107) slid along;Bearing base (1) upper surface middle part be provided with it is described The centre bore of cavity (112) connection, is equipped with hollow sleeve engaged therewith in centre bore;It is installed on bearing base (1) upper surface There are multiple lifting bolts (101);
It further include butt muff (2), structure are as follows: including guiding axis (204), both ends are equipped with the limit shaft shoulder, guiding axis (204) Middle part forms the channel passed through for ROV umbilical cables (3), is fixedly installed with load-bearing ring (201) on guiding axis (204), below The release ring (203) to slide axially is installed on guiding axis (204), discharges ring (203) and load-bearing ring (201) and bearing pin (107) cooperate, make guiding axis (204), release ring (203) and load-bearing ring (201) along the cavity (112) relative to bearing base (1) it moves up and down.
2. ROV approximately level docking as described in claim 1 and release device, it is characterised in that: the peace of the bearing pin (107) Assembling structure are as follows: the guide (108) in the through-hole including guide seats (104) are fixedly mounted, bearing pin (107) are slidably mounted on pin It covers in (108) inner hole, and after guide (108) are stretched out at both ends respectively, respectively by being mounted on the inner shield ring at guide (108) both ends (106) and outer retaining ring (110) limit, bearing pin (107) are extended with smaller diameter end far from the one end at cavity (112) center, thereon The little spring (109) limited respectively by bearing pin (107) and outer retaining ring (110) equipped with both ends.
3. ROV approximately level docking as described in claim 1 and release device, it is characterised in that: guiding axis (204) is hollow Axis, the lower part of the fixed limit shaft shoulder for being set in guiding axis (204) top of load-bearing ring (201), release ring (203) and load-bearing ring (201) guiding axis (204) between is equipped with big spring (202).
4. ROV approximately level docking as claimed in claim 3 and release device, it is characterised in that: load-bearing ring (201) upper surface is Hemisphere face, lower surface are the circular conical surface of indent, and release ring (203) discharges ring (203) at conical structure symmetrical above and below Diameter is successively decreased from middle part to two sides, and the lower surface of the upper surface and load-bearing ring (201) that discharge ring (203) is mutually matched engaging.
5. ROV approximately level docking as claimed in claim 3 and release device, it is characterised in that: the limit of guiding axis (204) bottom end Two earrings (205) are symmetrically arranged on the shaft shoulder of position.
6. ROV approximately level docking as claimed in claim 3 and release device, it is characterised in that: the hollow sleeve is equipped with two A, respectively long sleeve (105) and short sleeve (111), long sleeve (105) are longer than the axial length of short sleeve (111).
7. ROV approximately level docking as described in claim 1 and release device, it is characterised in that: bearing base (1) is by multiple in fan Pedestal (102) split of shape structure forms cylindrical body structure, and the lifting bolt (101) is distributed in each pedestal (102) upper surface, the guide seats (104) are connected by screw on the lower surface of each pedestal (102).
8. ROV approximately level docking as claimed in claim 7 and release device, it is characterised in that: adjacent guide seats (104) Between be mounted by means of screws with supporting element (103).
CN201910536673.1A 2019-06-20 2019-06-20 ROV near-water surface butt joint and release device CN110203357B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910536673.1A CN110203357B (en) 2019-06-20 2019-06-20 ROV near-water surface butt joint and release device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910536673.1A CN110203357B (en) 2019-06-20 2019-06-20 ROV near-water surface butt joint and release device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110203357A true CN110203357A (en) 2019-09-06
CN110203357B CN110203357B (en) 2020-05-05

Family

ID=67793696

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910536673.1A CN110203357B (en) 2019-06-20 2019-06-20 ROV near-water surface butt joint and release device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110203357B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110844782A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-02-28 上海彩虹鱼海洋科技股份有限公司 Delivery system

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5468023A (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-11-21 Abb Vetco Gray Inc. Subsea flow line connector
CN2818332Y (en) * 2005-07-12 2006-09-20 华中科技大学 Self-saving underwater operational releaser
CN2923515Y (en) * 2006-05-26 2007-07-18 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 On-water automatic butt-joint interlinking device
CN101508333A (en) * 2009-03-13 2009-08-19 武汉海王机电工程技术公司 Mechanical automatic butt-joint releasing device
US20180148986A1 (en) * 2015-12-03 2018-05-31 Single Buoy Moorings, Inc. Method and apparatus for elevating the tapered stress joint or flex joint of an scr above the water

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5468023A (en) * 1993-11-08 1995-11-21 Abb Vetco Gray Inc. Subsea flow line connector
CN2818332Y (en) * 2005-07-12 2006-09-20 华中科技大学 Self-saving underwater operational releaser
CN2923515Y (en) * 2006-05-26 2007-07-18 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 On-water automatic butt-joint interlinking device
CN101508333A (en) * 2009-03-13 2009-08-19 武汉海王机电工程技术公司 Mechanical automatic butt-joint releasing device
US20180148986A1 (en) * 2015-12-03 2018-05-31 Single Buoy Moorings, Inc. Method and apparatus for elevating the tapered stress joint or flex joint of an scr above the water

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110844782A (en) * 2020-01-16 2020-02-28 上海彩虹鱼海洋科技股份有限公司 Delivery system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN110203357B (en) 2020-05-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9061744B2 (en) Working system for floating structure, floating structure, working ship, and working method for floating structure
US4509448A (en) Quick disconnect/connect mooring method and apparatus for a turret moored drillship
US4841895A (en) Mooring system
CN201151466Y (en) Raft and cargo crane for ship
EP2408661B1 (en) Mooring system with decoupled mooring lines and/or riser system
KR101711271B1 (en) Method and device for hoisting an item by means of a crane
US6457908B1 (en) Method and apparatus for suction anchor and mooring deployment and connection
US6685396B1 (en) Method and apparatus for suction anchor and mooring deployment and connection
BRPI0512136A (en) hoisting crane and ship
ES2401159T3 (en) Abandonment and recovery system and method, and cable connector
AU2010205618B2 (en) A method and apparatus for supporting a load
US7367278B2 (en) Device of a towing pin for guiding a cable on board a vessel
US20070202758A1 (en) Device for loading and/or unloading flowable media
CN100548795C (en) Offshore platform and the method for setting up raft
CN103241648B (en) Piston pin vertical lifting frock
CN103781698A (en) Anchor line tensioning method
CN101508333B (en) Mechanical automatic butt-joint releasing device
US20040244227A1 (en) The procedure and the apparatus for the extraction of methane gas from the sea bottom
KR20020070479A (en) A davit device
CN202808176U (en) Automatic loading and unloading pawl for wheels
CN204341371U (en) Automatically reset buoy
EA001520B1 (en) Installation for producing oil from an off-shore deposit and process for installing a riser
EP2931648A1 (en) Remote heave compensation system
CN103782937B (en) A kind of deep water mesh cage jacking system
CN205396449U (en) Hydraulic pressure falls arm -type boat lifting frame

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant