CN110201821B - Climbing device for building rope of ladder - Google Patents

Climbing device for building rope of ladder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110201821B
CN110201821B CN201910362280.3A CN201910362280A CN110201821B CN 110201821 B CN110201821 B CN 110201821B CN 201910362280 A CN201910362280 A CN 201910362280A CN 110201821 B CN110201821 B CN 110201821B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shaft
climbing
main
driving
climbing wheel
Prior art date
Application number
CN201910362280.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110201821A (en
Inventor
王晓慧
陈皓月
岳宇贤
Original Assignee
北京航空航天大学
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Application filed by 北京航空航天大学 filed Critical 北京航空航天大学
Priority to CN201910362280.3A priority Critical patent/CN110201821B/en
Publication of CN110201821A publication Critical patent/CN110201821A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN110201821B publication Critical patent/CN110201821B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING LIQUIDS OR OTHER FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B13/00Machines or plants for applying liquids or other fluent materials to surfaces of objects or other work by spraying, not covered by groups B05B1/00 - B05B11/00
    • B05B13/02Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work
    • B05B13/04Means for supporting work; Arrangement or mounting of spray heads; Adaptation or arrangement of means for feeding work the spray heads being moved during spraying operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B7/00Other common features of elevators
    • B66B7/02Guideways; Guides

Abstract

The invention provides a climbing device for building an overhead ladder cable, which consists of a main body frame, a building mechanism, a climbing driving motor, a driving shaft, a driving climbing wheel, a guide rod, a driven climbing wheel, a sliding limiting gear connecting shaft, a sliding limiting gear, a rotation limiting device, a driven shaft, a sliding block, a driving climbing wheel main shaft and a power transmission device, wherein the main body frame is provided with a building mechanism; the invention has simple and compact structure and stable and reliable work, and can still ensure normal construction work when the thickness of the mooring rope changes; the invention has strong adaptability to different construction tasks, can replace construction mechanisms according to different construction tasks, and has wide application prospect for meeting different construction requirements; the invention can be used for other tasks such as maintenance of the high ladder by installing other mechanisms besides completing the construction task, and has wide application range.

Description

Climbing device for building rope of ladder

Technical Field

The invention relates to the field of cable construction scramblers, in particular to a scrambler which is used for transporting materials and laying cables in the cable construction of an overhead ladder.

Background

The development level of aerospace technology represents the comprehensive national and technological level of a country, and the ability of a country to enter space largely determines the ability of space activities and the level of space application development. However, as people seek deep space, the existing carrying technology cannot meet the requirements. The carrier rocket is the main vehicle for entering space in the world at present, but the launching frequency is low, and the more frequent launching tasks are difficult to support. Therefore, a new carrying technology needs to be researched, and the high ladder technology stands out with a novel concept and strong advantages. The main body of the space elevator is a cable, one end of the cable is fixedly connected with a ground platform, the other end of the cable is communicated with the space and is connected with a balance weight, and the whole cable is kept tight. The carrier travels along the cable and can transport cargo and personnel between the ground and the space station. The invention provides an overhead ladder cable climbing device, which is characterized in that a thinner cable is firstly built in the process of building an overhead ladder to connect a ground platform and a space counterweight, and then a climbing device is built to perform building tasks such as thickening of the cable on the cable.

Disclosure of Invention

The invention aims to overcome the defects of the prior art, adapt to the practical requirements and provide a stable and reliable cable building climbing device for the manufacture of an overhead ladder in the future.

In order to realize the purpose of the invention, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:

the invention relates to a climbing device for building a rope of an overhead ladder, which consists of a main body frame (109), a building mechanism (201), a climbing driving motor (102), a driving shaft (101), a driving climbing wheel (103), a guide rod (104), a driven climbing wheel (105), a sliding limiting gear connecting shaft (106), a sliding limiting gear (107), a rotation limiting device (108), a driven shaft (110), a sliding block (111), a main shaft (112) of the driving climbing wheel and a power transmission device (113); the climbing mechanism comprises a climbing driving motor (102), a driving shaft (101), a power transmission device (113), a driving climbing wheel main shaft (112), a driving climbing wheel (103), a driven climbing wheel (105), a driven shaft (110), guide rods (104) and sliding blocks (111) arranged at two sides of the driven climbing wheel (105), a sliding limiting gear connecting shaft (106), a sliding limiting gear (107) and a rotation limiting device (108) which are sequentially arranged on a main body frame (109) from right to left, wherein a building mechanism (201) is positioned at the middle position below the main body frame (109); the connection relationship between them is: the climbing driving motor (102) is fixedly connected to the main body frame (109) and is connected with the driving shaft (101); the right end of the power transmission device (113) is connected with the driving shaft (101) and the left end is connected with the main shaft (112) of the driving climbing wheel; the main shaft (112) of the active climbing wheel is arranged on the main body frame (109) and is fixedly connected with the active climbing wheel (103); the guide rod (104) is arranged on the main body frame (109), and the sliding block (111) is matched with the guide rod (104) and can slide along the guide rod (104); the driven climbing wheel (105) is fixedly connected with the driven shaft (110), and the driven shaft (110) is arranged on the sliding block (111); the sliding limiting gear (107) is matched with a rack on the sliding block (111) and is fixedly connected to a sliding limiting gear connecting shaft (106); the sliding limiting gear connecting shaft (106) is connected with a rotation limiting device (108), and the rotation limiting device (108) is fixedly connected to the main body frame (109); the building mechanism (201) is fixedly connected with the main body frame (109);

the main body frame (109) is of a plate-shaped structure in the shape of a Chinese character 'kou';

the building mechanism (201) is a mechanism capable of realizing the building function of the rope of the high ladder, and can be a rope thickening mechanism or a spraying mechanism; the specific shape and structure are detailed as follows:

the cable thickening mechanism is a device capable of thickening a cable; it has the functions of carrying raw materials and thickening the mooring rope;

the spraying mechanism is a device capable of spraying materials; it has the functions of carrying spraying materials and spraying the surface of the mooring rope;

the climbing driving motor (102) is a power source of the whole device and can be a common motor or other driving devices;

the shape of the driving shaft (101) is a cylindrical shaft; the climbing device has the function of connecting a climbing driving motor (102) and a power transmission device (113);

the power transmission device (113) is a device which can transmit the rotation of the driving shaft (101) to the rotation of the main shaft (112) of the active climbing wheel, and can be a belt transmission device, a chain transmission device or other devices with similar functions;

the driving climbing wheel (103) and the driven climbing wheel (105) are the same, and the sections of the driving climbing wheel (103) and the driven climbing wheel (105) are in the shape of an I;

the main shaft (112) of the active climbing wheel is the same as the driven shaft (110), has enough strength and rigidity, and can be fixedly connected with the active climbing wheel (103) in an interference fit or other similar modes;

the number of the guide rods (104) is two, and the shape of the guide rods is two parallel cylindrical slide rods; the guide rod (104) is connected with the main body frame (109) through bolts, and the total number of the bolts is 16;

the number of the sliding blocks (111) is two, and the sliding blocks are cubic bodies with two circular through holes and racks at one ends; the through hole of the sliding block can be matched with the guide rod (104) so that the sliding block (111) can freely slide along the guide rod (104);

the two sliding limiting gears (107) are respectively meshed with the rack on the sliding block (111);

the sliding limiting gear connecting shaft (106) has enough strength and rigidity and can be fixedly connected with a sliding limiting gear (107) and matched with a rotation limiting device (108);

the number of the rotation limiting devices (108) is two, and the rotation limiting devices are composed of a shell (403), a braking mechanism (402) and a shaft sleeve (401); the relationship between them is: the shaft sleeve (401) and the braking mechanism (402) are positioned in the shell (403), and the shaft sleeve (401) is positioned above the braking mechanism (402); the brake mechanism (402) is fixedly connected with the shell (403) and connected with the shaft sleeve (401);

the shell (403) is a main structure of the rotation limiting device (108) and has the functions of supporting the internal structure and being connected with the main frame (109);

the brake mechanism (402) is a mechanism which can provide a torsion force opposite to the rotation direction of the shaft sleeve (401), and the mechanism can be a torsion spring or other mechanisms with similar functions;

the sleeve 401 has a function of being fixedly connected to the slide restricting gear connecting shaft 106.

The invention has the advantages that:

1. the invention has simple and compact structure and stable and reliable work, and can still ensure normal construction work when the thickness of the mooring rope changes.

2. The invention has strong adaptability to different construction tasks, can replace construction mechanisms according to different construction tasks, and has wide application prospect for meeting different construction requirements.

3. The invention can be used for other tasks such as maintenance of the high ladder by installing other mechanisms besides completing the construction task, and has wide application range.

Drawings

Fig. 1 is a main structure diagram of the present invention in a three-dimensional state.

Fig. 2 is a side view of the present invention.

FIG. 3 is a top view of the present invention.

Fig. 4 is an internal structure view of the rotation restricting device 108.

Fig. 5 is a conceptual diagram of an escalator cable thickening construction process.

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the driving climbing wheel and the driven climbing wheel.

The numbers in the figures illustrate the following:

101. driving a motor spindle; 102. climbing a driving motor; 103. actively climbing wheels; 104. a slider guide;

105. a driven climbing wheel; 106. a slide restricting gear connecting shaft; 107. a slide restricting gear;

108. a rotation restricting device; 109. a climber body frame; 110. a driven shaft; 111. a slider;

112. actively climbing a wheel main shaft; 113. a power transmission device;

201. a cable building apparatus. 401. A shaft sleeve; 402. a rotation limiting mechanism; 403. a housing.

Detailed Description

The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples:

example (b): thickened building of rope of high ladder

The rope thickening construction process of the rope construction climber for the high ladder can be seen in the attached figure 5; the invention relates to an up-ladder cable building climbing device, which is composed of a main body frame 109, a building mechanism 201, a climbing driving motor 102, a driving shaft 101, a driving climbing wheel 103, a guide rod 104, a driven climbing wheel 105, a sliding limiting gear connecting shaft 106, a sliding limiting gear 107, a rotation limiting device 108, a driven shaft 110, a sliding block 111, a driving climbing wheel main shaft 112 and a power transmission device 113, wherein the main body frame is provided with a main body frame, the building mechanism is provided with a climbing mechanism, the climbing driving motor is provided with a climbing mechanism, the driving shaft is provided with a driving; the mutual position relation of the climbing driving motor 102 and the driving shaft 101, the power transmission device 113, the driving climbing wheel main shaft 112 and the driving climbing wheel 103, the driven climbing wheel 105 and the driven shaft 110, the guide rod 104 and the slide block 111 arranged at the two sides of the driven climbing wheel 105, the sliding limiting gear connecting shaft 106 and the sliding limiting gear 107 and the rotation limiting device 108 are arranged on the main body frame 109 from right to left in sequence, and the building mechanism 201 is positioned at the middle position below the main body frame 109; the climbing driving motor 102 is fixedly connected to the main body frame 109 and connected to the driving shaft 101, the right end of the power transmission device 113 is connected to the driving shaft 101, the left end of the power transmission device is connected to the main driving wheel spindle 112, the main driving wheel spindle 112 is mounted to the main body frame 109 and fixedly connected to the driving climbing wheel 103, the guide rod 104 is mounted to the main body frame 109, the slider 111 is matched with the guide rod 104 and can slide along the guide rod 104, the driven climbing wheel 105 is fixedly connected to the driven shaft 110, the driven shaft 110 is mounted to the slider 111, the sliding limiting gear 107 is matched with the rack on the slider 111 and fixedly connected to the sliding limiting gear connecting shaft 106, the sliding limiting gear connecting shaft 106 is connected to the rotation limiting device 108, the rotation limiting device 108 is fixedly connected to the main body frame 109, and the building mechanism 201 is fixedly connected to the main body frame;

the main body frame 109 is in a plate-shaped structure in the shape of a Chinese character 'kou';

the building mechanism 201 is a mechanism capable of realizing the building function of the rope of the high ladder, and can be a rope thickening mechanism or a spraying mechanism; the specific shape and structure are detailed as follows:

the cable thickening mechanism is a device capable of thickening a cable; it has the functions of carrying raw materials and thickening the mooring rope;

the spraying mechanism is a device capable of spraying materials; it has the functions of carrying spraying materials and spraying the surface of the mooring rope;

the climbing driving motor 102 is a power source of the whole device and can be a common motor (such as a direct current motor) or other driving devices (such as a micro internal combustion engine);

the shape of the driving shaft (101) is a cylindrical shaft; the climbing device has the function of connecting a climbing driving motor (102) and a power transmission device (113);

the power transmission device 113 is a device capable of transmitting the rotation of the driving shaft 101 to the rotation of the main shaft 112 of the active climbing wheel, and may be a belt transmission device, a chain transmission device or other devices with similar functions;

the driving climbing wheel 103 and the driven climbing wheel 105 are the same, and the sections of the driving climbing wheel 103 and the driven climbing wheel 105 are both in an I shape, as shown in FIG. 6;

the main shaft 112 of the driving climbing wheel is the same as the driven shaft 110, has enough strength and rigidity, and can be fixedly connected with the driving climbing wheel 103 in an interference fit manner or other similar manners;

the number of the guide rods (104) is two, and the shape of the guide rods is two parallel cylindrical slide rods; the guide rod (104) is connected with the main body frame (109) through bolts, and the total number of the bolts is 16;

the sliding block (111) is provided with two cubes, the shapes of the cubes are provided with two circular through holes, and one end of each cube is provided with a rack; the through hole of the sliding block can be matched with the guide rod (104) so that the sliding block (111) can freely slide along the guide rod (104);

two sliding limiting gears 107 are arranged and are respectively meshed with the rack on the sliding block 111;

the slide restricting gear connecting shaft 106 has sufficient strength and rigidity and can be fixedly connected with the slide restricting gear 107 and the rotation restricting device 108;

the two rotation limiting devices 108 (shown in fig. 4) are composed of a housing 403, a braking mechanism 402 and a shaft sleeve 401; the relationship between them is that the shaft sleeve 401 and the braking mechanism 402 are positioned inside the casing 403, the shaft sleeve 401 is positioned above the braking mechanism 402, the braking mechanism 402 is fixedly connected with the casing 403 and is connected with the shaft sleeve 401;

the housing 403 is the main structure of the rotation limiting device 108, and has the function of supporting the internal structure and interconnecting with the main frame 109;

the brake mechanism 402 is a mechanism that can provide a torsional force opposite to the direction of rotation of the hub 401, and can be a torsion spring or other mechanism with similar function;

the sleeve 401 has a function of being fixedly connected to the slide restricting gear connecting shaft 106;

during the construction process, the climbing device can realize the construction of the rope of the ladder and the climbing on the film-shaped rope. During construction, the cable is between the driving climbing wheel 103 and the driven climbing wheel 105, the slider 111 can slide on the main body frame 109 to adjust the distance between the driving climbing wheel 103 and the driven climbing wheel 105 according to the cable thickness, the slider 111 moves to rotate the sliding limiting gear 107 engaged with the slider rack, the rotation of the sliding limiting gear 107 is reacted by the rotation limiting device 108 to generate an acting force to limit the sliding of the slider, so that the driving climbing wheel 103 and the driven climbing wheel 105 can compress the cable. The driving climbing wheel 103 rotates under the action of the driving motor 101 and drives the driven climbing wheel 105 to rotate through the cable, so that the whole climbing device climbs upwards or downwards along the cable. The building mechanism 201 performs thickening building of the cable in the moving process of the climbing device, and the thickening building work of the rope of the ladder is completed through the reciprocating motion of the climbing device.

During the construction process, the climbing device can realize climbing on the variable-section cable and other construction tasks. When the climbing ware moves on the variable cross section hawser, rotate limiting device 108 and can provide the reaction force that the restriction slider removed all the time to make initiative climbing wheel 103 and driven climbing wheel 105 be in the state of compressing tightly all the time, thereby it is controllable to provide the required frictional force of climbing assurance climbing ware climbing process, avoids appearing the circumstances such as landing.

The present invention is a preferred embodiment, but not limited to, and other persons skilled in the art can make various modifications and changes according to the structure of the present invention, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, which is within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides a climbing ware is built to high ladder hawser which characterized in that: the climbing device comprises a main body frame (109), a building mechanism (201), a climbing driving motor (102), a driving shaft (101), a driving climbing wheel (103), a guide rod (104), a driven climbing wheel (105), a sliding limiting gear connecting shaft (106), a sliding limiting gear (107), a rotation limiting device (108), a driven shaft (110), a sliding block (111), a driving climbing wheel main shaft (112) and a power transmission device (113); the climbing mechanism comprises a climbing driving motor (102), a driving shaft (101), a power transmission device (113), a driving climbing wheel main shaft (112), a driving climbing wheel (103), a driven climbing wheel (105), a driven shaft (110), guide rods (104) and sliding blocks (111) arranged at two sides of the driven climbing wheel (105), a sliding limiting gear connecting shaft (106), a sliding limiting gear (107) and a rotation limiting device (108) which are sequentially arranged on a main body frame (109) from right to left, wherein a building mechanism (201) is positioned at the middle position below the main body frame (109); the connection relationship between them is: the climbing driving motor (102) is fixedly connected to the main body frame (109) and is connected with the driving shaft (101); the right end of the power transmission device (113) is connected with the driving shaft (101) and the left end is connected with the main shaft (112) of the driving climbing wheel; the main shaft (112) of the active climbing wheel is arranged on the main body frame (109) and is fixedly connected with the active climbing wheel (103); the guide rod (104) is arranged on the main body frame (109), and the sliding block (111) is matched with the guide rod (104) and can slide along the guide rod (104); the driven climbing wheel (105) is fixedly connected with the driven shaft (110), and the driven shaft (110) is arranged on the sliding block (111); the sliding limiting gear (107) is matched with a rack on the sliding block (111) and is fixedly connected to a sliding limiting gear connecting shaft (106); the sliding limiting gear connecting shaft (106) is connected with a rotation limiting device (108), and the rotation limiting device (108) is fixedly connected to the main body frame (109); the building mechanism (201) is fixedly connected with the main body frame (109);
the main body frame (109) is of a plate-shaped structure in the shape of a Chinese character 'kou';
the building mechanism (201) is a mechanism for realizing the building function of the rope of the high ladder, and is a rope thickening mechanism and a spraying mechanism; the specific shape and structure are detailed as follows:
the climbing driving motor (102) is a power source of the whole device;
the shape of the driving shaft (101) is a cylindrical shaft; the climbing device has the function of connecting a climbing driving motor (102) and a power transmission device (113);
the power transmission device (113) is a device for transmitting the rotation of the driving shaft (101) to the rotation of the main shaft (112) of the driving climbing wheel, and is a belt transmission device or a chain transmission device;
the driving climbing wheel (103) and the driven climbing wheel (105) are the same, and the sections of the driving climbing wheel (103) and the driven climbing wheel (105) are in an I shape;
the main shaft (112) of the active climbing wheel is the same as the driven shaft (110), has enough strength and rigidity, and can be fixedly connected with the active climbing wheel (103) in an interference fit manner;
the number of the guide rods (104) is four, and the guide rods are in the shape of four parallel cylindrical slide rods; the guide rod (104) is connected with the main body frame (109) through bolts, and the total number of the bolts is 16;
the number of the sliding blocks (111) is two, and the sliding blocks are cubic bodies with two circular through holes and racks at one ends; the through hole of the sliding block can be matched with the guide rod (104) so that the sliding block (111) can freely slide along the guide rod (104);
the two sliding limiting gears (107) are respectively meshed with the rack on the sliding block (111);
the sliding limiting gear connecting shaft (106) has enough strength and rigidity and can be fixedly connected with a sliding limiting gear (107) and matched with a rotation limiting device (108);
the two rotation limiting devices (108) are composed of a shell (403), a braking mechanism (402) and a shaft sleeve (401); the shaft sleeve (401) and the braking mechanism (402) are positioned in the shell (403), and the shaft sleeve (401) is positioned above the braking mechanism (402); the brake mechanism (402) is fixedly connected with the shell (403) and connected with the shaft sleeve (401);
the shell (403) is a main structure of the rotation limiting device (108) and has the functions of supporting the internal structure and being connected with the main frame (109);
the brake mechanism (402) is a mechanism which can provide a torsion force opposite to the rotation direction of the shaft sleeve (401), and the mechanism is a torsion spring;
the sleeve 401 has a function of being fixedly connected to the slide restricting gear connecting shaft 106.
CN201910362280.3A 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 Climbing device for building rope of ladder CN110201821B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910362280.3A CN110201821B (en) 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 Climbing device for building rope of ladder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910362280.3A CN110201821B (en) 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 Climbing device for building rope of ladder

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110201821A CN110201821A (en) 2019-09-06
CN110201821B true CN110201821B (en) 2020-09-08

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910362280.3A CN110201821B (en) 2019-04-30 2019-04-30 Climbing device for building rope of ladder

Country Status (1)

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Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201381491Y (en) * 2008-11-04 2010-01-13 重庆市安洁环境绿化工程有限公司 Automatic cleaning device of lamp post
CN102587270B (en) * 2012-02-29 2013-10-30 华中科技大学 Climbing device for cables of cable-stayed bridge
CN105854248B (en) * 2016-04-01 2018-03-27 国网河南省电力公司渑池县供电公司 A kind of pedal pole climbing device
CN105921328B (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-06-29 大连民族大学 A kind of automatic climbing paint-spray robot
CN107031747B (en) * 2017-03-28 2019-01-29 东南大学 A kind of variable diameters climbing level robot
KR20190019612A (en) * 2017-08-18 2019-02-27 (주)대우건설 Cable climbing inspection robot with remote control

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