CN110192537A - A kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation - Google Patents

A kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110192537A
CN110192537A CN201810163363.5A CN201810163363A CN110192537A CN 110192537 A CN110192537 A CN 110192537A CN 201810163363 A CN201810163363 A CN 201810163363A CN 110192537 A CN110192537 A CN 110192537A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
net cage
net
floating
skid
spacer screen
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810163363.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
传建
王致洲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NEPTUNE OFFSHORE ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
NEPTUNE OFFSHORE ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by NEPTUNE OFFSHORE ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical NEPTUNE OFFSHORE ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810163363.5A priority Critical patent/CN110192537A/en
Publication of CN110192537A publication Critical patent/CN110192537A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/60Floating cultivation devices, e.g. rafts or floating fish-farms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/60Floating cultivation devices, e.g. rafts or floating fish-farms
    • A01K61/65Connecting or mooring devices therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of seat spacer screen casees suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation, it is made of anti-skid basis, net cage frame, dictyosome system and surface floating body system, net cage frame and main breeding spaces are located at seawater bottom, centre, in the surface floating body system of the water surface, forms a complete breeding spaces system by flexible net capsule connection position.The net cage has water conservancy diversion and baffle ability, can effectively reduce the influence of stormy waves and ocean current to cultured fishes;It is suitable for marine environment poor for soil property and severe sea conditions;Etting is replaced, is easy to maintain, and work surface can be designed into the water surface or more, saves the increased cost of underwater operation;Increase the net cage useful space, improves the quality of cultured fishes;Scale, intelligent cultivation can be achieved.

Description

A kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of net cage devices of underwater culture, especially with regard to a kind of seat bottom for bottom aquifer cultivation Net cage.
Background technique
The development of aquafarm be unable to do without Deep sea net cage cultivation equipment, and Deep sea net cage cultivation equipment is related to the anti-wave of net cage All various engineering problems such as the convenience that performance, bait feeding, etting are cleaned, monitor and operated.In deep water sea area, wind Wave is generally large.Especially China East Sea and the South Sea are in typhoon hotspots, and influence of the stormy waves to cage culture system is especially Obviously.The development of Deep sea net cage be Norway, the U.S., Japan walk the world forward position.
The principal mode of Norway's net cage is the circular cylinder cage of HDPE material and the tension leg type net cage that can sink.Cylinder The advantages of shape net cage is that at low cost, structure is simple, operation is convenient, the disadvantage is that volumetric loss is higher, operating platform region is limited, needs Auxiliary work ship and equipment, bad weather operating difficulties;The advantages of tension leg type net cage is that body structure is simple, wind and wave resistance energy Power is strong, can open sea area operation, mooring system occupied area is small, stormy waves is big when, net cage can sink automatically, the disadvantage is that cost Height installs complexity without operating platform, operating difficulties, mooring system, needs auxiliary work ship and underwater automatic feeding system.
The principal mode of U.S.'s net cage is butterfly net cage and spherical net cage.The advantages of butterfly net cage, is good integrity, holds It is convenient that product conservation rate is high, capacity of anti-storm is strong, anchoring is simple, net cage can drag, the disadvantage is that it is at high cost, because limited area cannot be very Effectively feed bait, when operation needs more corollary equipment;Spherical net cage advantage be etting be unlikely to deform, volume conservation rate Height, aluminum pipe frame structure is light, intensity is high, shape is spherical shape, volume is big, materials save, net cage can rotate, achievable from punching It washes, the disadvantage is that higher cost, frame structure are more complex, need preservative treatment and maintenance, need experienced operator's correct operation.
The principal mode of Japanese net cage is drift line type net cage.Drift line type net cage is by structures such as rope, cabinet, float and anchors At being a flexible structure, can rise and fall with the fluctuation of stormy waves, net cage is the cabinet of six face closures, is not easy by wind Wave floods and fish is made to escape.The net cage advantage is that at low cost, square box structure is simple, it is easy to manufacture, can be adjusted according to sea situation Structure, the disadvantage is that flexible strand frame anti-current ability is weak, volume loss rate is high, without operating platform, when operation, needs auxiliary work ship.
Deep-sea breeding is the important industry of whole world fishery, cultivates big country, aquaculture production side, China compared to the world Formula is extensive, is influenced by external waters environmental degradation and internal water-quality deterioration, and the breeding spaces of inland and coastal offshore are by crowded Pressure, security issues become increasingly urgent for cultured product, therefore moving towards far-reaching sea is the only way which must be passed for promoting China's fishery industry development. At present disadvantage existing for China's deep water mesh cage be it is anti-wave, anti-current ability it is poor, the water environment in net cage be unsuitable for cultivate fish, Lack matched technology and facilities and equipment.
Present patent application exactly proposes a kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation in this context.
Summary of the invention
It is a primary object of the present invention to overcome disadvantages mentioned above of the existing technology, and provide a kind of suitable for bottom water The seat spacer screen case of body cultivation.The net cage has water conservancy diversion and baffle ability, can effectively reduce stormy waves and ocean current to the shadow of cultured fishes It rings;It is suitable for marine environment poor for soil property and severe sea conditions;Etting is replaced, is easy to maintain, can set work surface The water surface or more is counted, the increased cost of underwater operation is saved;Increase the net cage useful space, improves the quality of cultured fishes;It can be real Existing scale, intelligent cultivation.
The purpose of the present invention is implemented by the following technical solutions:
A kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation, including anti-skid basis, net cage frame, dictyosome system and surface floating body System,
The anti-skid basis is made of bucket foundation and column, and the top of the bucket foundation is connect with the bottom of the column;
The net cage frame main body is independently to be provided with float tube in load bearing frame structure, the net cage frame bottom, institute State the support construction that frame structure end is respectively arranged with antiskid resistance basis, including anti-skid position limiting structure and anti-skid guiding knot Structure, the net cage frame top are provided with the structure ring connecting with the dictyosome system;
The dictyosome system, by be mounted on the spacer screen of the net cage frame bottom, the side net for being mounted on the net cage frame side, The top net and flexible net capsule composition being mounted at the top of the net cage frame;
The surface floating body system, is made of annular floating structure.
The bucket foundation passes through the anti-skid position limiting structure in vertical direction, and the column passes through described in vertical direction Anti-skid guide frame.
The flexibility net capsule is using the double-deck web form, mutual backup;The structure ring is by interior connection ring and outer connection ring group At the interior connection ring is connect with two sets of flexible net capsule lower end portions respectively with the outer connection ring;The annular floating Works is made of interior floating ring and outer floating ring, and drawknot cable, the interior floating ring are connected between the interior floating ring and the outer floating ring It is connect respectively with two sets of flexible net capsule upper ends with the outer floating ring.
Alarming device is provided at the top of the column.
The net cage frame is using tetrahedral structure or cylindrical structure or prism structure.
By being set to the water surface or more, the operation that can emerge for net cage provides limit track in the upper end of the column portion.
The anti-skid basis can temporarily be fixed with net cage frame during net cage towage transport, be released after reaching installation site It is fixed temporarily.
Beneficial effects of the present invention: the present invention due to the adoption of the above technical scheme,
Net cage can sit bottom and carry out cultivation operation, and equipment or net cage facility can emerge operation when needing to be serviced maintenance;
It sits spacer screen case and utilizes bottom aquifer cultivation, the cultivation especially suitable for the cold water sea area resources such as cold water mass;
It sits spacer screen case and utilizes bottom aquifer cultivation, most of net cage facility is located under water close to the position in mud face, can reduce evil Influence of the bad sea situation to fish and net cage is suitble to require water particle motion the cultivation of lesser fish;
Net cage has water conservancy diversion and baffle ability, subtracts stream purpose by adjusting the size of mesh realization of bottom mesh sheet, reduce stormy waves and Influence of the ocean current to cultured fishes;
Net cage can emerge, the replacement of etting and easy to maintain, and work surface is designed into the water surface or more, save underwater operation and increase The cost added;
Surface floating body structure is connected by flexible net capsule, net cage can preferably adapt to tidal level variation and severe sea condition condition;
According to depth condition, with typical size (wide 45m, long 45m) calculating, effective breeding water body is equivalent to up to 4 ten thousand steres 40 traditional, HDPE net cage (1000 cubic metres), to realize large-scale cultivation;Cooperate cultivation work ship or central platform simultaneously Operation is cultivated, using aquaculture managements such as remotely controlling and feed, scale, intelligent cultivation is realized, promotes economic benefit.
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is elevational view A of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is elevational view B of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is top view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is side section of the present invention (dictyosome system) view;
Fig. 5 is structure of the invention ring top view;
Fig. 6 is surface floating body system top view of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is that the present invention emerges operation chart;
Fig. 8 is towage transport diagram of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawing and example, the present invention is described in detail.
As shown in Figs 1-4, the present invention includes anti-skid basic 1, net cage frame 2, dictyosome system 3 and surface floating body system 4.
Anti-skid basic 1 is made of bucket foundation 1-1 and column 1-2, and more than the extended water surface of column 1-2, top is mountable The equipment such as warning lamp;The top of bucket foundation 1-1 is connect with the bottom of column 1-2, and warning lamp 1-3 is mounted on the top of column 1-2 Portion;Bucket foundation 1-1 passes through the anti-skid position limiting structure 2-4 on net cage frame 2 in vertical direction, realizes that bound level displacement reaches Anti-skid purpose;Column 1-2 passes through anti-skid guide frame 2-3 in vertical direction, and the upper downslide in anti-skid guide frame 2-3 It is dynamic;Warning lamp 1-3 serves as warning to the safety for guaranteeing net cage facility.
As shown in fig. 7, the water surface is stretched out in anti-skid basic 1 upper end column 1-2, it can be the subsequent operation that emerges of net cage Limit track is provided, to limit the horizontal position of net cage.When net cage does not need to provide the operation to emerge, anti-skid basic 1 Column may not necessarily be set.
2 main body of net cage frame is the frame structure 2-2 of the independent bearing load effect of energy, and the two sides of the bottom frame structure 2-2 are Two float tube 2-1, float tube 2-1 can realize dive and floating by filling the water and draining, and do not fill the water in float tube when towage is transported, can be Net cage facility provides buoyancy;After transport in place, dive can be realized by filling the water into float tube 2-1, it is anti-skid finally by injection Installation is completed on basis 1, in the later period operation and maintenance of net cage, can be drained as needed to two float tube 2-1, be kept net cage whole It emerges convenient for repairing maintenance to dictyosome system and relevant device;Frame structure 2-2 is made of steel structure member, Cheng Si Face body form constitutes the profile in cage culture space, and tetra- angles frame structure 2-2 are equipped with the support construction on anti-skid basis, from lower past On successively include anti-skid position limiting structure 2-4 and anti-skid guide frame 2-3;As shown in figure 5, having two in 2 top structure of net cage frame A octagonal structure ring is connected for dictyosome, is interior connection ring 2-5 and outer connection ring 2-6 respectively.Wherein interior connection ring 2-5 with The lower end of flexible net capsule 3-4 and connection, outer connection ring 2-6 are connect with the lower end of flexible net capsule 3-5.
Net cage frame 2 is anchored on sea bed by four anti-skid basic 1, and the quantity on anti-skid basis can be according to the actual situation Adjustment.In the case where allowing for soil property and sea conditions, it may not be necessary to which anti-skid basis is installed.
As shown in figure 8, anti-skid basic 1 can be temporarily fixed on net cage frame 2 during towage transport, reaching installation It temporary fixing lifting and is put down again behind position.
Dictyosome system 3 is the dictyosome system being made of multi-disc etting, in closing string bag shape, by being mounted on net cage frame 2 The spacer screen 3-1 of bottom, the side net 3-2 for being mounted on 2 side of net cage frame, top the net 3-3, flexibility for being mounted on 2 top of net cage frame Net capsule 3-4 and flexibility net capsule 3-5 is formed.The upper end of flexible net capsule 3-4 and flexible net capsule 3-5 respectively with surface floating body system 4 Interior floating ring 4-1 connected with outer floating ring 4-2, constitute lower end portion present quadrangle, cylinder mould waist present octagon, dictyosome It is suitable for reading that circular system is presented, form fish culture space.Flexible net capsule 3-4 and flexible net capsule 3-5 mutual backup, are realized double-deck The security function of net, to prevent the destruction of floating material etc. near water face, flexible net capsule adapts to the variation of tidal level, and adapt to compared with For severe sea conditions.
As shown in fig. 6, surface floating body system 4 is made of annular floating structure, annular floating structure includes interior floating ring 4-1, outer floating ring 4-2 and its several mutual drawknot cable 4-3 composition.Interior floating ring 4-1 has enough buoyancy, with flexibility The upper end of net capsule 3-4 connects, and plays the role of hanging flexible net capsule 3-4, and outer floating ring 4-2 has enough buoyancy, and with it is soft Property net capsule 3-5 upper end connection, play the role of hanging flexible net capsule 3-5.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention in any form, it is all It is any simple modification, equivalent change and modification to the above embodiments according to the technical essence of the invention, still falls within In the range of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation, including anti-skid basis, net cage frame, dictyosome system and water surface floating System system,
It is characterized by:
The anti-skid basis is made of bucket foundation and column, and the top of the bucket foundation is connect with the bottom of the column;
The net cage frame main body is independently to be provided with float tube in load bearing frame structure, the net cage frame bottom, institute State the support construction that frame structure end is respectively arranged with antiskid resistance basis, including anti-skid position limiting structure and anti-skid guiding knot Structure, the net cage frame top are provided with the structure ring connecting with the dictyosome system;
The dictyosome system, by be mounted on the spacer screen of the net cage frame bottom, the side net for being mounted on the net cage frame side, The top net and flexible net capsule composition being mounted at the top of the net cage frame;
The surface floating body system, is made of annular floating structure.
2. a kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the cartridge type Basis passes through the anti-skid position limiting structure in vertical direction, and the column passes through the anti-skid guide frame in vertical direction.
3. a kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the flexibility Net capsule is using the double-deck web form, mutual backup;The structure ring is made of interior connection ring and outer connection ring, the interior connection ring with The outer connection ring is connect with two sets of flexible net capsule lower end portions respectively;The annular floating structure is by interior floating ring and outside Floating ring composition, is connected with drawknot cable between the interior floating ring and the outer floating ring, the interior floating ring and the outer floating ring respectively with Two sets of flexible net capsule upper end connections.
4. a kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the column Top is provided with alarming device.
5. a kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the net cage Frame is using tetrahedral structure or cylindrical structure or prism structure.
6. a kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the column By being set to the water surface or more, the operation that can emerge for net cage provides limit track for upper end.
7. a kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described anti-skid Basis can temporarily be fixed with net cage frame during net cage towage is transported, and reach temporary fixing lifting after installation site.
CN201810163363.5A 2018-02-26 2018-02-26 A kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation Pending CN110192537A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810163363.5A CN110192537A (en) 2018-02-26 2018-02-26 A kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810163363.5A CN110192537A (en) 2018-02-26 2018-02-26 A kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110192537A true CN110192537A (en) 2019-09-03

Family

ID=67751254

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810163363.5A Pending CN110192537A (en) 2018-02-26 2018-02-26 A kind of seat spacer screen case suitable for bottom aquifer cultivation

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110192537A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110419480A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-11-08 孙立强 Floating platform is used in a kind of cultivation
CN112243925A (en) * 2020-10-10 2021-01-22 江苏科技大学 Floating type flow-choking and sand-blocking multifunctional equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110419480A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-11-08 孙立强 Floating platform is used in a kind of cultivation
CN112243925A (en) * 2020-10-10 2021-01-22 江苏科技大学 Floating type flow-choking and sand-blocking multifunctional equipment

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Application publication date: 20190903