CN110192486A - A method of for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis - Google Patents

A method of for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110192486A
CN110192486A CN201910332484.2A CN201910332484A CN110192486A CN 110192486 A CN110192486 A CN 110192486A CN 201910332484 A CN201910332484 A CN 201910332484A CN 110192486 A CN110192486 A CN 110192486A
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jujube
tree
jujube tree
virosis
disease
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CN110192486B (en
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白剑宇
洪霓
李宏
王雁翔
翟立峰
罗达
程平
张新浩
刘正兴
崔燕华
刘燕
刘艳祥
张燕南
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FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE XINJIANG ACADEMY OF FORESTRY
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FOREST RESEARCH INSTITUTE XINJIANG ACADEMY OF FORESTRY
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of methods for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis, are related to agricultural technology field.It include: (1) sprouting period: using solution amylase bacillus GLD-191 microbial inoculum tree body pouring root 1 time;(2) before the florescence: to the entire aerial part of jujube tree, hat layer soil and being preced with lower weeds, the high chlorine of sprinkling AVM hereinafter and the high chlorine fluorine mixed liquid of thiophene worm;(3) before full-bloom stage: using the final hit of jujube disease, while mixed amino-oligosaccharide carries out tree body and is sprayed;(4) secondary pouring root full-bloom stage: is carried out using 0.5% solution 300-400 times of liquid of amylase bacillus GLD-191 microbial inoculum;(5) jujube fruit mushrooms out the phase: using azocyclotin dispersant, amino-oligosaccharide and solution 191 mixed liquid of amylase bacillus;(6) fructescence and later period field management, autumn trimming, cleaning rural area, lime sulfur spray.The method of the present invention can reduce pesticide residue, improve jujube quality and guarantee ecological environment security and easy to operate.

Description

A method of for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis
Technical field
The present invention relates to agricultural technology field more particularly to a kind of methods for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis.
Background technique
About more than 670 ten thousand mu of Xinjiang red dates cultivated area, it is mainly distributed on Aksu, Kuerle, Keshen and the field and of South Sinkiang Four ground state.Four ground state of South Sinkiang has become the world's largest red dates production base at present, and becomes what local farmers were shaken off poverty and set out on the road to prosperity One new pillar industry.
Jujube tree virosis is a kind of international new expression occurred on the jujube tree of Aksu, Xinjiang.Its cause of disease is Sorbus alnifloria ring A novel species in spot Tobamovirus, is temporarily named as Jujube Emaravirous.The blade and fruit of the disease main harm jujube tree, Yellowing leaf, curling are caused, the symptoms such as deformed fruit have spread speed fast, and harm is serious, prevent and treat the features such as difficult.2016 Year, the disease found that generation area only limits individual jujube gardens of Aksu City and Wenxiu County in Aksu, Xinjiang for the first time, was in zero Star occurs.2017-2018, the rapid spread in china of the disease have different degrees of generation in eight city Xian Yi of Aksu Prefecture, Jujube tree average attack rate is 3%.Wherein in the Aksu City of Aksu Prefecture, Wenxiu County, Kuqa County and Shaya County part jujube garden The outburst of jujube tree virosis is caused disaster, and average attack rate is 25% or more, and individual plot jujube tree disease incidence are up to 100%, fruit tree deformity For rate 55% or more, production loss is up to 60% or more, or even part jujube garden is caused to have no harvest.
Jujube tree virosis is known as " jujube tree cancer ", and the outburst of the disease, which is caused disaster, has caused the great attention of local government, disease Evil will constitute a serious threat to the red dates industry in Xinjiang or even China once sprawling is propagated further.Based on the disease to Xinjiang jujube The serious harm of tree, and to the potential threat that Xinjiang red dates Industrial Security is constituted, economic forest research institute, Xinjiang forest-science academy is timely The experts and scholars such as joint Institute of Microorganism, Academia Sinica, the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hua Zhong Agriculture University have set up Xinjiang jujube tree disease Viral disease Research Team carries out for jujube tree virosis cause of disease, disease infestation circulation law and disease block prevention and control key technology Tackling of key scientific and technical problems.Under the premise of its cause of disease type of precise Identification and its classification position, for Causative virus and virus mediator (jujube goitre is passed Mite) carry out the 2 years by a definite date dynamic tracking monitors of field generation, explore the key point of disease prevention and control.For disease and biography The material time node of virus mediator prevention and treatment, the method combined using preventing disease pest control have carried out Chemicals experiment.Many institute's weeks Know, the viroses of plant are difficult to thoroughly eradicate, at present not yet efficient prevention and control medicament, and multiple application will cause jujube tree phytotoxicity and Pesticide residue destroys ecological environment and influences human health, and especially jujube tree florescence cover spray will cause a large amount of fruit drops, Influence fruit-setting rate.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, main purpose is solution the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of method for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis Certainly jujube tree virosis threatens problem to the potentiality that Xinjiang jujube tree is constituted in Xinjiang red dates production, in effectively control jujube tree virosis While sprawling is propagated further, it is ensured that the safety of Xinjiang red dates industry, while reaching reduction pesticide residue, improve jujube product Matter, it is ensured that the purpose of ecological environment security.
In order to achieve the above objectives, invention broadly provides following technical solutions:
On the one hand, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of method for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis, the method includes with Lower step:
(1) jujube tree sprouting period pouring root: on April, the middle ten days be jujube tree sprouting period, sprouting period using pouring root technology carry out jujube tree disease Viral disease prevention and treatment, medicament select 0.5% solution 300-400 times of amylase bacillus GLD-191 microbial inoculum liquid tree body pouring root 1 time;
(2) preventing disease pest control before the jujube tree florescence: the first tenday period of a month May late April-, for the entire aerial part of jujube tree, hat layer soil Earth and lower weeds are preced with, unified to spray the high chlorine of AVM hereinafter and the high chlorine fluorine mixed liquid of thiophene worm, prevention and treatment passes virus mediator jujube goitre mite and other Endanger the pest of jujube tree difference worm state;
(3) disease control before jujube tree full-bloom stage: before jujube tree enters full-bloom stage in mid-May, using jujube disease final hit, simultaneously It is spraying that mixed amino-oligosaccharide carries out tree body;
(4) prevention and treatment of full-bloom stage jujube tree virosis: -6 the end of month of late May jujube tree initially enters full-bloom stage, while being also jujube The aobvious disease phase of arbovirus disease, this phase forbid tree crown to prevent and treat pest and disease damage by spraying;Continue for virosis using 0.5% solution amylase bud 300-400 times of liquid of spore bacillus GLD-191 microbial inoculum carries out second of pouring root and prevents and treats tree body inner virus;
(5) jujube fruit mushrooms out the prevention and treatment of phase virosis: late July-September is just jujube fruit fast growing period, using triazole Tin suspending agent, amino-oligosaccharide and solution 191 mixed liquid of amylase bacillus, tree crown prevent and treat jujube tree virosis by spraying, pass poison Jie Body jujube goitre mite, red spider pest, reach disease pest and anti-purpose;
(6) fructescence and later period field management are sprayed often using the trimming of jujube tree autumn, cleaning rural area, lime sulfur Advise management measure.
Preferably, the jujube tree plantation is in Xinjiang region.
Preferably, step (1) the pouring root technology concrete operations: jujube tree hat is lower to dig 1 meter of diameter, deep 30 centimeters of soil Hole, will prepare and it is quiet put 2 20 liters of solution of hour bacillus amyloliquefaciens GLD-191 and pour into 1 jujube tree is carried out in the hole dug Pouring root prevents and treats virosis.
Preferably, the step (2) is mixed using 1500 times of liquid of the high chlorine of AVM hereinafter and thiophene worm 1500 times of liquid of high chlorine fluorine Match;It is primary every prevention and treatment in 7 days, continuous prevention and treatment 2 times.
Preferably, the jujube disease final hit of the step (3) is using 2000 times of liquid of kasugarnycin and 800 times of amino-oligosaccharide Liquid carries out tree body and is sprayed, 1 time spraying every 7 days, continuous spray 2 times.
Preferably, the step (5) uses 1500 times of liquid of azocyclotin dispersant, 900 times of liquid of amino-oligosaccharide and Xie Dian 800 times of liquid mixtures of powder enzyme bacillus.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The fact that the present invention causes disaster for the outburst of jujube tree virosis provides a kind of using microbial bacterial agent pouring root and tree body Prevention and treatment jujube tree virus by spraying, emphasizes " fungus treatment " green prevention and control, reaches and avoids florescence spray, improve fruit-setting rate, reduces pesticide Residual, it is ensured that improve the purpose of the safety of jujube quality and ecological environment.Using microorganism formulation solution starch gemma GDL191 into Row pouring root and in due course foliar spray prevention and treatment jujube tree virus;It is prevented and treated in due course using medicaments such as jujube disease final hits (kasugarnycin) and passes virus mediator With other jujube tree disease insect pests, while use the modes such as rational pruning and scissors concomitant disinfection, prevent cross-infection and cutting pass Approach is broadcast, to reach the disease resistance for improving jujube tree.Fruit-setting rate of jujube tree can be reduced for florescence spray and generates the feelings of phytotoxicity Under condition, while using spring jujube tree sprouting period medicament pouring root controlling disease, the prevention and treatment step of florescence tree body spray is avoided.This hair Bright technical operation is easy, catches the key point of disease prevention and control, can be effective using the spraying control method in root and ground tree body The infection sources is controlled, route of transmission is cut off, achievees the purpose that the fast propagation and the sprawling that control disease.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the jujube tree virosis prevention and control experimental plot setting figure that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides;
Fig. 2 is the disease index calculation formula figure that the embodiment of the present invention 1 provides.
Specific embodiment
For further illustrate the present invention to reach the technical means and efficacy that predetermined goal of the invention is taken, below with compared with Good embodiment, to specific embodiment, technical solution, feature and its effect applied according to the present invention, detailed description is as follows.Under Stating the special characteristic, structure or feature in multiple embodiments in bright can be combined by any suitable form.
Embodiment 1
A method of for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis, comprising the following steps:
1) jujube tree sprouting period pouring root: the weather conditions according to different year are different, and jujube tree sprouting period is slightly different;In Xinjiang Aksu Prefecture jujube tree sprouting period is mostly on April, the middle ten days;Therefore in jujube tree sprouting period, 350 times of liquid are prepared using double dilution method Solution amylase bacillus GLD-191, it is quiet after mixing to put 2 hours;Lower 1 meter of diameter of the digging of jujube tree hat, deep 30 centimeters of heatable adobe sleeping platform, To prepare and it is quiet put 2 20 liters of solution of hour bacillus amyloliquefaciens GLD-191 and pour into 1 jujube tree pouring root is carried out in the hole dug Prevent and treat virosis;
2) preventing disease pest control before the jujube tree florescence: according to the difference of the jujube tree age of tree, jujube tree starts from that April is upper, the middle ten days mostly, in jujube First half of the month at florescence is set, for the entire aerial part of jujube tree, hat layer soil and is preced with lower weeds, it is unified to spray the high chlorine of AVM hereinafter 1500 times of liquid+thiophene worm, 1500 times of liquid mixtures of high chlorine fluorine prevent and treat jujube goitre mite and other pest (jujube Jis for endangering jujube tree difference worm state Horse, green plant bug, leafhopper etc.), primary every prevention and treatment in 7 days, continuous prevention and treatment 2 times can effectively prevent the pests such as jujube goitre mite;
3) disease control before jujube tree full-bloom stage: before jujube tree enters full-bloom stage in mid-May, using jujube disease final hit (spring thunder Mycin) 2000 times of liquid+amino-oligosaccharides, 800 times of liquid carry out that tree bodies are spraying, and 1 time spraying every 7 days, continuous spray 2 times is preventing and treating Enhance tree vigo(u)r while the Common Diseases such as fruit-shrink disease, black spot;
4) prevention and treatment of full-bloom stage jujube tree virosis: -6 the end of month of late May jujube tree initially enters full-bloom stage, while being also jujube tree The aobvious disease phase of virosis, this phase forbid tree crown to prevent and treat pest and disease damage by spraying.This phase, it is anti-to continue repetition step 1) second of pouring root of progress Control jujube tree virosis;
5) jujube fruit mushrooms out the prevention and treatment of phase virosis: late July-September is just jujube fruit fast growing period, to reduce deformity Fruit ratio, using 1500 times of azocyclotin dispersant, 900 times of liquid+amino-oligosaccharide liquid+191800 times of liquid of solution amylase bacillus Mixture is carried out after secondary dilution, mixed liquid carries out tree crown and prevents and treats the evils such as jujube tree virosis, biography virus mediator jujube goitre mite, red spider by spraying Worm achievees the purpose that disease pest and prevents;
6) fructescence and later period field management spray routine using the trimming of jujube tree autumn, cleaning rural area, lime sulfur Management measure.
The effect of 1 method of embodiment in order to better illustrate the present invention, has done following field experiment.
Embodiment 2
Test site is selected in ten thousand mu of Aksu Prefecture Wenxiu County jujube garden, selects the jujube garden of 7 years age of trees as subjects, jujube Setting kind is grey jujube, and cultivation mode is that seeding row spacing is 4 × 2;60 mu of testing ground area, soil fertility is medium, jujube tree virosis hair Raw relatively heavy plot;From annual April is upper, the middle ten days begins, plot each side removes 5 mu as protection row for experiment, takes Between 50 mu be used as practice ground, be divided into 5 areas, 10 mu of ground of each cell, if 3 processing repeat and 2 compare.Specific experiment is small Area's setting schematic diagram is shown in Fig. 1.
Autumn fructescence counts current year raw jujube head branch disease incidence in due course, and each processing and control are respectively single with strain Position, using 5 points of samplings, every sets center strain 1, tree, and is 10 jujubes in center of circle investigation center of circle regional scope with center strain Tree is set for 50 totally;All processing and repetition amount to investigation 250, record diseased plant rate, the sick branch rate of each tree and sick series;Root Severity Scaling is carried out according to current year raw Zao branch disease incidence, specific grade scale is shown in Table 1.
1. jujube tree virosis grade scale of table
Disease index formula is as shown in Figure 2.
Control efficiency (%)=(CK-PT) × 100/CK;
In formula, CK and PT are respectively the disease index of check plot and test process area, the calculating of control efficiency using The formula of state of an illness radix is not investigated before processing.
Experimental result explanation: the average originating rate of check plot jujube tree virosis is 58.6%, disease index 6.85;Using The trial zone of 1 method of embodiment processing, disease index average out to 1.94, average control efficiency are 71.68%;Above data explanation There is good inhibiting effect to jujube tree virosis using the method for the present invention, can be prevented and treated in Aksu Prefecture jujube actual production Jujube tree virosis improves the yield of jujube.
The generation for the jujube tree virosis that the present invention occurs for Aksu, Xinjiang and regularity of infection, in conjunction with jujube growth Development characteristics targetedly carry out disease control;Microbial bacterial agent (0.5% solution of the efficient prevention and treatment jujube tree virus filtered out Amylase bacillus GLD-191) no matter using the foliar spray after pouring root or full-bloom stage, the prevention and treatment to jujube tree virosis Equal significant effect, at the same solve the jujube tree florescence spray reduce fruit-setting rate reduce in addition inappropriate medication cause serious production loss Problem.
Insect prevention pharmaceutical agent combinations (the high chlorine of the AVM hereinafter+high chlorine fluorine of thiophene worm) before jujube tree full-bloom stage of the invention is not only prevented and treated Virus mediator jujube goitre mite is passed, while efficient prevention and control also are all had to the other pests for endangering jujube tree and are acted on.
Diseases prevention pharmaceutical agent combinations (jujube disease final hit+amino-oligosaccharide) of the invention can reach conventional by 1 spray prevention and treatment Multiple medication prevents and treats the purpose of other jujube tree diseases, while solving Pesticide Residue caused by conventional repeatedly medication.
The present invention can efficient prevention and control jujube tree virosis, be most effective Control Technology so far, solve florescence spray Medicine causes serious production loss problem to jujube, and the technical operation is easy, at low cost, preventive effect is high, is to solve current Xinjiang jujube tree The maximally efficient method of virosis has very high practical application value.
Place, those skilled in the art can not select from the prior art to the greatest extent in the embodiment of the present invention.
Disclosed above is only a specific embodiment of the invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, is appointed What those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can easily think of the change or the replacement, answer It is included within the scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be with above-mentioned scope of protection of the claims It is quasi-.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of method for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis, which is characterized in that the described method comprises the following steps:
(1) jujube tree sprouting period pouring root: on April, the middle ten days be jujube tree sprouting period, sprouting period using pouring root technology carry out jujube tree virosis Prevention and treatment, medicament select 0.5% solution 300-400 times of amylase bacillus GLD-191 microbial inoculum liquid tree body pouring root 1 time;
(2) preventing disease pest control before the jujube tree florescence: the first tenday period of a month May late April-, for the entire aerial part of jujube tree, hat layer soil and Lower weeds are preced with, unified to spray the high chlorine of AVM hereinafter and the high chlorine fluorine mixed liquid of thiophene worm, prevention and treatment jujube goitre mite endangers jujube tree difference with other The pest of worm state;
(3) disease control before jujube tree full-bloom stage: before in mid-May, jujube tree enters full-bloom stage, using jujube disease final hit, while mixture It is spraying that amino-oligosaccharide carries out tree body;
(4) prevention and treatment of full-bloom stage jujube tree virosis: -6 the end of month of late May jujube tree initially enters full-bloom stage, while being also jujube tree disease The aobvious disease phase of viral disease, this phase forbid tree crown to prevent and treat pest and disease damage by spraying;Continue for virosis using 0.5% solution amylase gemma bar 300-400 times of liquid of bacterium GLD-191 microbial inoculum carries out second of pouring root and prevents and treats tree body inner virus;
(5) jujube fruit mushrooms out the prevention and treatment of phase virosis: late July-September is just jujube fruit fast growing period, outstanding using azacyclotin Floating agent, amino-oligosaccharide and solution 191 mixed liquid of amylase bacillus, tree crown prevent and treat jujube tree virosis by spraying, pass virus mediator jujube Goitre mite, red spider pest reach disease pest and anti-purpose;
(6) fructescence and later period field management spray conventional tube using the trimming of jujube tree autumn, cleaning rural area, lime sulfur Reason measure.
2. a kind of method for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the jujube tree plantation in Xinjiang region.
3. a kind of method for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (1) fills Root technology concrete operations: jujube tree hat is lower to dig 1 meter of diameter, deep 30 centimeters of heatable adobe sleeping platform, will prepare and quiet puts 2 hours solution starch gemma 20 liters of bacillus GLD-191 solution, which pours into the hole dug, carries out 1 jujube tree pouring root prevention and treatment virosis.
4. a kind of method for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (2) is Using 1500 times of liquid of the high chlorine of AVM hereinafter and thiophene worm 1500 times of liquid mixtures of high chlorine fluorine;It is primary every prevention and treatment in 7 days, continuous prevention and treatment 2 times.
5. a kind of method for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (3) Jujube disease final hit is to carry out tree body using 800 times of liquid of 2000 times of liquid of kasugarnycin and amino-oligosaccharide to be sprayed, 1 time spraying every 7 days, Continuous spray 2 times.
6. a kind of method for preventing and treating jujube tree virosis as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (5) is adopted With 1500 times of liquid of azocyclotin dispersant, 900 times of liquid of amino-oligosaccharide and solution 800 times of liquid mixtures of amylase bacillus.
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