CN110178662A - A kind of cultural method of eggplant - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of eggplant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110178662A
CN110178662A CN201910553796.6A CN201910553796A CN110178662A CN 110178662 A CN110178662 A CN 110178662A CN 201910553796 A CN201910553796 A CN 201910553796A CN 110178662 A CN110178662 A CN 110178662A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
eggplant
fertilizer
furrow
pine bark
cultural
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201910553796.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓莉文
黄婉茹
董美胜
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Hezhou Anye Breeding Cooperatives
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Hezhou Anye Breeding Cooperatives
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201910553796.6A priority Critical patent/CN110178662A/en
Publication of CN110178662A publication Critical patent/CN110178662A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/05Fruit crops, e.g. strawberries, tomatoes or cucumbers

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cultural methods of eggplant, belong to field of agricultural cultivation, the eggplant that the yield which can cultivate is high, quality is good;Including following plantation step: (1) pine bark for selecting quality good, cleaning is dried, and is put into grinding and sieving in pulverizer and is obtained pine bark particle;(2) it selects bright and clear, draining to irrigate good soil, in spring, fertilizer and pine bark particle is added after soil is ploughed deeply in ditch, then ditch is backfilled into smooth furrow;(3) the good eggplant seed of selection quality carries out disinfection vernalization processing;(4) it selects one piece of plot of land as seedbed, discharges fertilizer and pine bark particle again on furrow and plough shallowly and plough, the eggplant seed of germination is sowed to seedbed, then spread one layer of pine bark particle;(5) root water is poured by the dispersion transplanting to other furrow of eggplant sprout after eggplant sprout starts seedling separation;(6) periodically watering, fertilising, artificial weeding, can harvest after eggplant is grown up.

Description

A kind of cultural method of eggplant
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of agricultural cultivation, more specifically more particularly to a kind of cultural method of eggplant.
Background technique
Eggplant (scientific name: Solanum melongena L.) Solanaceae, nightshade.The upright branch draft of eggplant is small to undershrub Branch, petiole and bennet branch, smooth or tool short handle starlike villus, sprig is mostly purple, and gradually old then fleece gradually falls off.Leaf Greatly, oval to long round shape is oval, and petiole is about 2~4.5 centimetres.The pregnant colored Dan Sheng of energy, fleece are closeer.The shape size variation pole of fruit Greatly.The shape of fruit has a long or circle, and color has white, red, purple etc., and fruit is used as medicine for cooked food, root, stem, leaf, is astringent, there is diuresis The benefits of, leaf can also make anesthetic.Seed is repellent, also with for stimulant, but easily causes that stomach is weak and constipation, fruit is eaten raw can Solve mycetism.Eggplant is popular in people's daily life, but existing implantation methods are to improve the yield of eggplant, It needs using a large amount of chemical fertilizer, but this can reduce the quality of eggplant.Therefore, the implantation methods of eggplant how are improved, it is both high to plant out Production, quality and good eggplant become the development new direction of eggplant ecological cultivation to meet the needs of people.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of cultural method of eggplant, the yield that can be cultivated using the implantation methods Eggplant high, quality is good.
The technical solution adopted by the invention is as follows:
A kind of cultural method of eggplant, including step is cultivated as follows:
(1) the good pine bark of selection quality, cleaning is dried, and is put into grinding and sieving in pulverizer and is obtained pine bark particle;
(2) it selects bright and clear, draining to irrigate good soil, in spring, fertilizer is added after soil is ploughed deeply in ditch With pine bark particle, then ditch backfilled into smooth furrow;
(3) the good eggplant seed of selection quality carries out disinfection vernalization processing;
(4) it selects one piece of plot of land as seedbed, discharges fertilizer and pine bark particle again on furrow and plough shallowly and plough, will send out The eggplant seed of bud is sowed to seedbed, then spreads one layer of pine bark particle;
(5) root water is poured by the dispersion transplanting to other furrow of eggplant sprout after eggplant sprout starts seedling separation;
(6) periodically watering, fertilising, artificial weeding, can harvest after eggplant is grown up.
Further, in the step (1), pine bark after crushing is crossed into 5 meshes.
Further, in the step (2), selected soil requires soil layer deep, and loose fertile, ploughing deeply depth is 40-50cm, the fertilizer being added are people's animal manure and organic fertilizer.
Further, in the step (2), the height of furrow is 15-25cm, and furrow spacing is 40-50cm, and furrow width is 0.8- 1m。
Further, in the step (3), eggplant seed is placed in 55-60 DEG C of warm water, is stirred continuously to water temperature 30 DEG C, then take out and dry after impregnating 2 hours, then be placed in Gibberellins solution and impregnate 24 hours.
Further, in the step (4), the fertilizer being added is people's animal manure and organic fertilizer.
Further, long to transplanting after two panels leaf in eggplant sprout in the step (5), the strain of eggplant sprout when transplanting Spacing is 50cm, after the completion of transplanting, is watered every 3-4 days to eggplant sprout primary.
Further, in the step (6), every 4-5, which is filled out, gives eggplant sprout Shi Yici liquid dung, long to 30- in eggplant sprout After 40cm, top dressing compound fertilizer and potassium sulphate fertilizer impose compound fertilizer and potassium sulphate fertilizer at long to 0.8 meter of eggplant plant again.
Compared with prior art, the device have the advantages that are as follows:
A kind of cultural method of eggplant of the invention, the pine bark for first selecting quality good, cleaning is dried, and is put into pulverizer Middle grinding and sieving obtains pine bark particle;Bright and clear, draining is selected to irrigate good soil, in spring, after soil is ploughed deeply Fertilizer and pine bark particle are added in ditch, then ditch is backfilled into smooth furrow;The good eggplant seed of selection quality, which carries out disinfection, urges Bud processing;It selects one piece of plot of land as seedbed, discharges fertilizer and pine bark particle again on furrow and plough shallowly and plough, by germination Eggplant seed is sowed to seedbed;By in the dispersion transplanting to other furrow of eggplant sprout after eggplant sprout starts seedling separation, pours and determine root Water;Periodically watering, fertilising, artificial weeding, can harvest after eggplant is grown up.A kind of cultural method of eggplant of the invention, Face is played when soil is ploughed deeply and after plantation, fertilizer and pine bark particle is added, it can soft ventilative, the not plate of deep layer soil Knot, additionally it is possible to preferably provide nutrient for eggplant plant, further, pine bark particle has certain insect resistance capacity, in this way Soil layer environment be more advantageous to the growth and development of eggplant plant, be also not susceptible to insect pest;Meanwhile in entire growth course, lead to The cultivation of science and management are crossed, yield can be improved, economic benefit is higher.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, technical solution of the present invention is described in further detail, but do not constituted pair Any restrictions of the invention.
A kind of cultural method of eggplant, including step is cultivated as follows:
(1) the good pine bark of selection quality, cleaning is dried, and is put into grinding and sieving in pulverizer and is obtained pine bark particle. Wherein, pine bark after crushing is crossed into 5 meshes, it, can after mixing it with soil when pine bark particle is fabricated to this size It has been obviously improved the gas permeability of soil layer, so that the root of eggplant plant is preferably breathed air, it is easier to germinating growth.
(2) it selects bright and clear, draining to irrigate good soil, in spring, fertilizer is added after soil is ploughed deeply in ditch With pine bark particle, then ditch backfilled into smooth furrow.Wherein, selected soil requires soil layer deep, loose fertile, ploughs deeply depth Degree is 40-50cm, and the fertilizer being added is people's animal manure and organic fertilizer.The height of furrow is 15-25cm, and furrow spacing is 40-50cm, furrow Width is 0.8-1m.Furrow face both sides require smooth, the fine crushing compartment face for having edge.
(3) the good eggplant seed of selection quality carries out disinfection vernalization processing.Eggplant seed is placed in 55-60 DEG C of warm water In, it is stirred continuously to 30 DEG C of water temperature, then take out after impregnating 2 hours and slightly dry, then be placed in Gibberellins solution and impregnate 24 hours, The compound concentration of Gibberellins solution is the water that 1 kilogram is added in every 200 milligrams of Gibberellins solutions.
(4) it selects one piece of plot of land as seedbed, discharges fertilizer and pine bark particle again on furrow and plough shallowly and plough, will send out The eggplant seed of bud is sowed to seedbed, then spreads one layer of pine bark particle.Wherein, the fertilizer being added is people's animal manure and organic Fertilizer.First bottom water is watered with into furrow before sowing, and is mixed sand by sterilizing with the eggplant seed of vernalization and is broadcasted sowing when sowing, the pine tree of covering Honest and kind skin particle is 1cm.
(5) root water is poured by the dispersion transplanting to other furrow of eggplant sprout after eggplant sprout starts seedling separation.Wherein, exist Eggplant sprout is long to transplanting after two panels leaf, and the strain spacing of eggplant sprout is 50cm when transplanting, right every 3-4 days after the completion of transplanting The watering of eggplant sprout is primary.
(6) periodically watering, fertilising, artificial weeding, can harvest after eggplant is grown up.Wherein, every 4-5, which is filled out, gives eggplant sprout Shi Yici liquid dung, after eggplant sprout length to 30-40cm, top dressing compound fertilizer and potassium sulphate fertilizer are long to 0.8 meter in eggplant plant When, compound fertilizer and potassium sulphate fertilizer are imposed again.
A kind of cultural method of eggplant of the invention plays face when soil is ploughed deeply and after plantation, fertilizer and pine is added Bark particle, can deep layer soil it is soft ventilative, not hardened, additionally it is possible to preferably provide nutrient for eggplant plant, further , pine bark particle has certain insect resistance capacity, and such soil layer environment is more advantageous to the growth and development of eggplant plant, also not It is easy by insect pest;Meanwhile in entire growth course, cultivation and management by science can improve yield, economy effect Benefit is higher.
It is all made within the scope of the spirit and principles in the present invention the foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the invention What modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of cultural method of eggplant, which is characterized in that including cultivating step as follows:
(1) the good pine bark of selection quality, cleaning is dried, and is put into grinding and sieving in pulverizer and is obtained pine bark particle;
(2) it selects bright and clear, draining to irrigate good soil, in spring, fertilizer and pine is added after soil is ploughed deeply in ditch Bark particle, then ditch is backfilled into smooth furrow;
(3) the good eggplant seed of selection quality carries out disinfection vernalization processing;
(4) it selects one piece of plot of land as seedbed, discharges fertilizer and pine bark particle again on furrow and plough shallowly and plough, by germination Eggplant seed is sowed to seedbed, then spreads one layer of pine bark particle;
(5) root water is poured by the dispersion transplanting to other furrow of eggplant sprout after eggplant sprout starts seedling separation;
(6) periodically watering, fertilising, artificial weeding, can harvest after eggplant is grown up.
2. a kind of cultural method of eggplant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the step (1), after crushing Pine bark crosses 5 meshes.
3. a kind of cultural method of eggplant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that selected in the step (2) Soil requires soil layer deep, loose fertile, and ploughing deeply depth is 40-50cm, and the fertilizer being added is people's animal manure and organic fertilizer.
4. a kind of cultural method of eggplant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the step (2), the height of furrow For 15-25cm, furrow spacing is 40-50cm, and furrow width is 0.8-1m.
5. a kind of cultural method of eggplant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the step (3), by eggplant kind Son is placed in 55-60 DEG C of warm water, is stirred continuously to 30 DEG C of water temperature, then take out and dry after impregnating 2 hours, then to be placed in gibberellin molten It is impregnated 24 hours in liquid.
6. a kind of cultural method of eggplant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the step (4), be added Fertilizer is people's animal manure and organic fertilizer.
7. a kind of cultural method of eggplant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the step (5), in eggplant bud It is transplanted after Miao Changzhi two panels leaf, the strain spacing of eggplant sprout is 50cm when transplanting, after the completion of transplanting, every 3-4 days to eggplant bud Seedling watering is primary.
8. a kind of cultural method of eggplant according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the step (6), every 4-5 is filled out Eggplant sprout Shi Yici liquid dung is given, after eggplant sprout length to 30-40cm, top dressing compound fertilizer and potassium sulphate fertilizer, in eggplant plant At long to 0.8 meter, compound fertilizer and potassium sulphate fertilizer are imposed again.
CN201910553796.6A 2019-06-25 2019-06-25 A kind of cultural method of eggplant Pending CN110178662A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102613056A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-01 浙江农林大学 Original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum
CN102696428A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-10-03 玉林市洋平石斛科技有限责任公司 Simulated original ecological dendrobium-candidum cultivation greenhouse
CN105309152A (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-02-10 李志刚 High-yield eggplant planting method
CN105850690A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-17 广西农业职业技术学院 Dendrobium officinale culture medium
CN105993479A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-10-12 广德县富丰蔬菜专业合作社 Eggplant planting method with biogas slurry as fertilizer source
CN106922375A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-07-07 黄勇 A kind of cultural method of big shed eggplant
CN107836317A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-03-27 唐爱林 A kind of preparation method of eggplant seedling raising matrix

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102696428A (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-10-03 玉林市洋平石斛科技有限责任公司 Simulated original ecological dendrobium-candidum cultivation greenhouse
CN102613056A (en) * 2012-04-18 2012-08-01 浙江农林大学 Original ecological culture method of dendrobium candidum
CN105309152A (en) * 2014-07-30 2016-02-10 李志刚 High-yield eggplant planting method
CN105993479A (en) * 2016-05-25 2016-10-12 广德县富丰蔬菜专业合作社 Eggplant planting method with biogas slurry as fertilizer source
CN105850690A (en) * 2016-06-27 2016-08-17 广西农业职业技术学院 Dendrobium officinale culture medium
CN106922375A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-07-07 黄勇 A kind of cultural method of big shed eggplant
CN107836317A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-03-27 唐爱林 A kind of preparation method of eggplant seedling raising matrix

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