CN110170752A - A kind of laser cutting device - Google Patents

A kind of laser cutting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110170752A
CN110170752A CN201910558267.5A CN201910558267A CN110170752A CN 110170752 A CN110170752 A CN 110170752A CN 201910558267 A CN201910558267 A CN 201910558267A CN 110170752 A CN110170752 A CN 110170752A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
feeding
block
net material
plate
material cutting
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Pending
Application number
CN201910558267.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵世辉
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Zhengzhou Lifeng Automation Equipment Co Ltd
Henan Lifeng Technology Co Ltd
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Zhengzhou Lifeng Automation Equipment Co Ltd
Henan Lifeng Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Zhengzhou Lifeng Automation Equipment Co Ltd, Henan Lifeng Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Zhengzhou Lifeng Automation Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910558267.5A priority Critical patent/CN110170752A/en
Publication of CN110170752A publication Critical patent/CN110170752A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/36Removing material
    • B23K26/38Removing material by boring or cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/70Auxiliary operations or equipment
    • B23K26/702Auxiliary equipment

Abstract

The invention belongs to metal plate production equipment technologies, and in particular to a kind of laser cutting device.Laser cutting device is equipped with main lathe bed (8) and is equipped with feeder (3), only material cutting area (4) and rotary work-table (5) from rear to preceding;Feeder (3) is equipped with feeding track (314), feeding crossbeam (310) and floating clamp (312);Net material cutting area (4) is equipped with net material cutting support bar (41), net material cutting servo motor (42) and block;Rotary work-table (5) is equipped with rotational support item (51), rotation servo motor (52), chain strip holder rail (53) and Support bracket (54).The feeder of the laser cutting device can be limited by plate and realize high accuracy positioning and automatic deviation correction, realize self-feeding;Plate first carries out net material cutting in the case where material cutting area only is accurately positioned, and is delivered to rotary work-table later and completes work piece cut;The laser cutting for realizing automatic loading/unloading, improves production efficiency.

Description

A kind of laser cutting device
Technical field
The invention belongs to metal plate production equipment technologies, and in particular to a kind of laser cutting device.
Background technique
Laser cutting machine is to be used to the equipment of cutting stock in panel beating industry, in recent years because its cutting speed is fast, High production efficiency;Cut quality is good, joint-cutting is narrow, no tool wear, and either simple or complex parts can use laser one The advantages such as secondary precision Quick-forming cutting obtain rapid popularization and application in sheet metal processing field.But current common laser is cut Cutting mill needs to smooth by levelling machine, plate shearing machine shear at after fritter steel plate by manual handling to laser cutting machine workbench, Positional dissection, then by manually unloading the workpiece that cutting is completed, stacking is neat, and clear away waste repeats this process of feeding, and And laser cutting machine must stop cutting during loading and unloading, greatly limit the production efficiency of laser cutting machine, limit The performance of this fast advantage of laser cutting speed, while loading and unloading at least need two people to work at the same time, smoothing shear is required to Manual operation, waste of manpower cost.
The transformation and upgrade of laser cutting device, technical staff have done a large amount of work, and the technology having disclosed is main It is related to the following aspects:
One, feeder realizes self-feeding
Shanghai Yuanyang Metallic Products Co., Ltd. discloses a kind of plate with laser cutting equipment and cutting method (CN201610535326.3), including cutting working platform, laser cutting head and control device, the cutting working platform are equipped with perpendicular Allotment fagging, and it is equipped with rolling stand, in the rolling stand installation jacking cylinder, the rolling stand is located at original state When, the roller above rolling stand is lower than the upper end of the vertical gripper shoe, when the rolling stand is located at high-order, rolling stand The roller of top is higher by the vertical gripper shoe upper end, in the side arranging plate material strips input unit of the cutting working platform, Plate material band is continuously input on the cutting working platform by the plate material band input unit to be cut by laser;This equipment is logical Punishment in advance frame and leveling feeding device continuously send plate to cutting working platform, and when specific operation, control device driving jacking cylinder rising makes Roller is promoted to vertical support upper end by rolling stand;Control device drives leveling feeding device that will expect that the plate on frame flattens Backward cutting working platform transmission, plate plate transmit on which cylinder;After plate is delivered to predetermined length, stop leveling feeding device; Control device driving jacking cylinder decline makes the rolling stand be reset to original state, and roller is located at vertical gripper shoe upper end Lower section, plate are positioned in vertical gripper shoe;Control device driving laser cutting head cuts plate according to design requirement, After plate on cutting working platform is finished, laser cutting head is to sheet fabrication transverse direction cut mark;
Yuan Yuan discloses a kind of automatic gas cutting machine sheet material conveyor (CN201710047941.4), including big bottom plate, feeding mechanism And two feeding clip mechanisms, feeding mechanism are mounted on big bottom plate, two feeding clip mechanisms are separately mounted to feeding mechanism front and rear sides Big bottom plate on, and it is positive opposite.Feeding mechanism includes first support, drive roll and driven voller, and drive roll is mounted on first The lower part of bracket.Driven voller is located at the top of drive roll, both ends respectively with adjustment that left support abutment and right support abutment top are set Block connection.The crossbeam two sides of the first support are provided with the first cylinder, and two the first cylinder synchronization telescopes control driven voller It moves up and down.Feeding clip mechanism includes material folding bracket, and two-way lead screw is provided on material folding bracket, and it is solid that guide rail is provided on two-way lead screw Reservation is equipped with guide rail in guide rail fixing seat;The conveying device carries out feeding, while feeder by conveying roller arranged up and down The feeding clip mechanism of structure front and rear sides setting guarantees that material material advances along positive forward direction;
You Neng automation equipment Co., Ltd, Luoyang City discloses a kind of feed device of metallic plate punching shearing automation equipment (CN201520601420.5), it is made of material frame, feeding trolley, guide rail, guide rack, pressure wheel, nip drum, headstock, in power Case side sets feeding rack, and feeding trolley is arranged below material frame, guide rail is arranged below feeding trolley;Expect that guide rack is arranged in frame side, Expect that pressure wheel is arranged above frame, nip drum is arranged in material frame upper front part;Guide rack it is corresponding with pressure wheel and nip drum material frame top and Front setting;
Liang Xi Qu Haoxing industrial design operating room discloses a kind of feeding device (201710808226.8) of laser cutting machine, including Organic frame, first conveying are installed in laser machine main body, the first carriage and the second carriage, the upper end of the laser machine main body Frame and the second carriage are separately mounted to the two sides of laser machine main body, and the position of first carriage and the second carriage is mutual Vertically, the front end of first carriage and the second carriage is fixedly installed with feeding platform, first carriage and second defeated The two sides of frame are sent to be fixedly installed with leading truck, the inner cavity of the leading truck is equipped with conveying, the outside of the leading truck It is fixedly installed with driving motor, the driving motor and conveying are rotatablely connected, are fixedly installed on the inside of the leading truck The upper end of support frame, first carriage and the second carriage is provided with stack pallet.The feeding device of the laser cutting machine Using two sides vertical direction feeding, occupied area is increased;
It is old dynamic to disclose a kind of laser cutting flexible wires system (201310257979.6) and include feeding device, control workbench, swash Light cutting machine, automatic material connection platform, discharging device, the feeding device include plate library, automatic material-absorbing device, automatic lifting dress It sets, plate library is protruded at the absorption end of automatic absorbing device, and fixing end connects apparatus for automatically lifting;Control workbench connection feeding dress It sets, laser cutting machine, discharging device;Laser cutting machine is equipped with feed device, rolls and places automatically at the outer end of feed device Material receiving.The feed device of the system is to roll feed device, and specially zigzag crawler belt rolls feed device;Rolling is sent Expect that device includes the fixed plate being mounted on laser cutting machine, rolling member, connecting plate, several stripe boards, several rack gears, rack gear is solid It is scheduled on the chain that between the two stripe boards and lower end of rack gear is fixed on rolling member to be combined into crawler type transmission work Platform, crawler type transfer table are mounted on the surface of tourelle, connecting plate are installed on rolling member, and connecting plate is connected to fixed plate On;
Wuhan superlaser device fabrication Co., Ltd discloses a kind of tubing automatic charging laser cutting machine (201420034057.9), including automatic charging device, automatic feeding, laser system and control cabinet, it is described it is automatic on Expect that device includes automatic charging rack and multiple pushers being arranged side by side in the automatic charging rack, the laser Cutting machine is along guide rail using pusher by tubing automatic charging;
Pentium laser (Wenzhou) Co., Ltd discloses a kind of feeding structure (201820041257.5) of laser cutting machine, including frame Frame and feeding mechanism are provided with transfer station on frame, and feeding mechanism includes sucker, feeding motor, feeding drive sprocket, feeding Driven sprocket, feeding chain, the first workbench, the second workbench and switching mechanism are provided with cutter on laser cutting machine tool Position, feeding motor are arranged on frame, and sucker is fixedly connected with feeding chain.After flitch is placed into transfer station, feeding The rotation of motor driven feeding drive sprocket, declines sucker, and close to flitch, sucker is drawn flitch, then inhaled after contacting with flitch General who has surrendered's flitch is placed on the second workbench under disk, and the first workbench and the second workbench are converted position by switching mechanism, thus In the cutting work station that flitch is placed, the automatic charging of flitch is completed, manual operation is reduced.
Disclosed above feeding or charging equipment or feeding device for laser cutting device, realizes feeding on the whole Automatic operation, still, during using laser cutting device workpieces processing, the clamp of conventional manual operation is time-consuming to take Power, and clamping force is limited, plate is easy to produce loosening or deflection in feeding or cutting, directly affects cutting accuracy.
To solve the above problems, to disclose a kind of laser cutting machine for panel beating fixed for Tianjin Zhuo Kun Science and Technology Ltd. Position clamp (CN201610605272.3), including fixed block, cylinder and strip pressing plate, between laser cutting machine workbench side Every being symmetrically installed two fixed blocks, it is fixedly mounted with the piston rod head of one cylinder of connection respectively in the top surface of two fixed blocks, in each cylinder One end that a strip pressing plate is installed on piston rod between cylinder body and fixed block, below the other end of two strip pressing plates Place sheet metal to be cut.The align clamp can be placed on the top of sheet metal on saw working bench by strip Shape pressing plate compresses, and the side of sheet metal is blocked by the locating piece of clamp, and sheet metal is located on saw working bench; The clamp that the pneumatic gripping is manually operated instead of original needs, improves the dynamics of clamping, avoids and be cut by laser In journey sheet metal as loosening and caused by error;
JiangSu YaWei Machine Tool Co., Ltd discloses a kind of automatic gripping mechanism of laser cutting machine (CN201721905958.0), Including rotary cylinder, the side wall lower ends of the rotary cylinder are equipped with gas-tpe fitting, and the piston rod upper end of rotary cylinder is fixedly connected There is upper clamp plate, the cylinder body upper end of the rotary cylinder is equipped with the lower clamp plate matched with upper clamp plate, and the gas-tpe fitting is connected with Air circuit connection part, the air circuit connection part connect external gas circuit unit.The automatic clamp matches co-clip using upper clamp plate and lower clamp plate It holds, rotary cylinder maintains clamping force.
Clamp disclosed above has that clamping mechanism cannot control floating, such as when feeder clamps plate Fruit glances off, and will directly affect cutting accuracy, and steel plate can be made to generate additional stress, and steel plate edge is made to bend pleat The plastic deformation such as wrinkle, greatly increases the rejection rate of equipment;Production efficiency is reduced instead.
Two, on laser cutting machine tool plate positioning
In laser cutting process, plate is cut by laser cutting head, and the carrying of monolith plate is delivered on cutting off machine first, will After monolith plate to be cut is fixed, the single monolithic piece that requirement is made in the plate being sized is cut with laser cutting head, has been cut Cheng Hou, single monolithic piece are removed from cutting off machine, cut the small size clast and bulk garbage collection of generation.In the course of work In, previous manual handling and workpiece are collected, heavy workload, and production efficiency is low.It is raw to plate cutting since plate shape is flat Mobile conveying during production proposes more requirements.It creates permanent century laser Science and Technology Ltd. and discloses a kind of tube sheet one in Wuhan Laser cutting device (CN201811582876.6), the device are equipped with cutting equipment, are used for incising pipes and plate;Cutting Equipment includes: cutting working platform frame, plate clamp system and laser cutting mechanism.Laser cutting mechanism is cut equipped with laser Cut head assembly.Plate clamp system is detachably arranged on cutting working platform frame, and plate clamp system includes a pair of of X-axis guide rail With a pair of of plate rest stand, plate rest stand is arranged at intervals in X-axis guide rail, and pressing plate and clamping can be set on plate rest stand Cylinder is used for fixed plate, and plate rest stand can slide adjustment spacing distance in X-axis guide rail to adapt to strip width;The laser When cutter device cuts plate, plate is placed on plate clamp system, laser cutting head assembly is moved along X-axis and Y-axis, right Plate is cut.
When using automatic transmission laser cutting plate, positioning of the longitudinal movement, plate of plate on cutting off machine is cut Cutting mill bed is the problem of engineers and technicians pay close attention to the conveying after strip width adaptation, plate cutting.Skill disclosed above Art realizes the self-feeding and cutting of laser cutting, it is also considered that has arrived orientation problem of the plate on cutting off machine;But In specific construction practice, if plate positioning is inaccurate or cutting off machine setting is inadaptable to strip width, it will lead to Workpiece rejection rate increases in cutting process, conveys not in time after plate cutting, can equally reduce production efficiency, such as old dynamic disclosed It is cut by laser flexible wires system (201310257979.6), has ignored the orientation problem in the mobile cutting process of plate.
Three, the conveying of workpiece after the completion of being cut by laser
In laser cutting process, laser cutting machine tool cutting processing goes out various different shape and size of workpiece, generally requires artificial Different workpieces are carried in stacking to stacking platform, then specified region is placed by the workpiece that fork truck folds heap, hand stowage takes When it is laborious, working efficiency is low, and stacking is irregular, and generally require laser cutting machine tool shut down wait, influence manufacturing schedule.
Yangzhou Heng Jia automation equipment Co., Ltd (CN201710390869.5) discloses a kind of laser cutting machine sorter Device people, Y-axis support base include Y-axis longitudinal bracing seat and Y-axis cross-brace seat, and Y-axis longitudinal bracing seat cooperates X by sliding equipment Track setting on axis support base, Z axis support base are connected on Y-axis cross-brace seat by connector;Cooperate on Z axis support base It is provided with C axis support base, C axis support base is driven by driving device and connect with sorting tooling;Sorting tooling includes main panel, Array is provided with several cylinders on main panel, and each cylinder is independently connected sucker, and sorting machine people can be according to computer program It identifies the finished product being cut by laser, and rapid sorting, stacking is carried out to the finished product of well cutting as required.Sorting machine is manually made When, it is necessary first to it needs the shape for a variety of different laser cutting parts drawn to be sequentially inputted in computer program in sucker, swashs The cutting member of various shapes in computer program is successively cut in the start-up operation of light cutting machine;When laser cutting machine completes a cutting When the cutting of part, laser cutting machine sorting machine people starts to act, real by x-axis support base, Y-axis support base and Z axis support base The movement of existing X-direction, Y direction, Z-direction, reaches the surface of finished work-piece, at this time laser cutting machine sorting machine people According to the cutting process of laser cutting machine, the features such as appearance profile, the position and posture of well cutting workpiece can be obtained, then carry out zero Part matching, realizes Parts Recognition, obtains dash number;Parts profile is matched with sucker layout drawing, automatically generates absorption Simulation drawing, while the rotary motion of C axis circumferential direction is realized by C axis support base again, it is finally reached and draws various finished work-pieces most Good position angle;By crawl finished work-piece can be carried out after manual confirmation, and it is carried to finished product area;Once laser cutting It does not cut through, when part shape is complicated and joint-cutting is smaller, frame can block workpiece and can not separate;Laser cutting machine sorter at this time Lift to certain altitude and is higher than to penetrating light curtain sensor detection zone device people after grabbing workpiece on exchange workbench of laser cutting machine Domain will stop to light curtain sensor is penetrated, to realize alarm;After alarm, laser cutting machine sorting machine people can be by waste product work Part is put down, and skips this waste product workpiece, to directly draw other finished work-pieces.To guarantee sorting tooling to different finished products Workpiece carries out efficient absorption, save the cost, and sorting machine people is divided into central cross work on the main panel of sorting tooling Make working region behind region, left front working region, left back working region, right preceding working region and the right side, the sucker is divided into big suction Disk and small sucker;The center of the cross working region and the Far Left and rightmost of cross working region are provided with big suction Disk, cross working region other positions are provided with small sucker;Before the left front working region, left back working region, the right side Working region is provided with big sucker behind working region and the right side.
It is automatic up and down that Jiangsu Jinfangyuan NC Machine Tool Co., Ltd. (CN200910184073.X) discloses a kind of laser cutting Expect sorting and palletizing system, including sorting and palletizing manipulator and loading and unloading manipulator, sorting and palletizing manipulator, loading and unloading manipulator with It is connected respectively through guide rail slide block mechanism between horizontally disposed crossbeam, the rack gear parallel with guide rail is additionally provided on crossbeam, point It selects and is separately installed with motor on palletizing mechanical arm and loading and unloading manipulator, motor output shaft end is equipped with gear, wheel and rack phase Engagement, than loading and unloading manipulator closer to the interworking platform of laser cutting machine, below the crossbeam is set sorting and palletizing manipulator side by side There are stacking platform, feeding platform and blanking bench, wherein stacking platform is than feeding platform and blanking bench closer to the interworking of laser cutting machine Platform.When the device works, loading and unloading manipulator feeding, cutting, sorting and palletizing manipulator will have been cut on pallet changer at Product part is put on stacking platform after grabbing one by one, while by identical part code at pile, pallet changer and stacking platform are it Working region.
Technology disclosed above realizes the automatic blanking in laser cutting process and stacking, alleviates worker's labour Intensity.But sorting machine people device structure is complicated, and one finished work-piece of every crawl is both needed to manual confirmation, and the suction being arranged in use Disk belongs to easily-consumed products, need to often replace;And in disclosed automatic loading/unloading, sorting and palletizing system, the workpiece of completion is cut by sorting Palletizing mechanical arm is put on stacking platform after grabbing one by one, and laser cutting machine bed structure is relative complex, and there are sorting and palletizing systems The problem of cannot identifying different fabricated parts very well.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, providing a kind of laser cutting device, the laser cutting device The feeder of setting can be limited by plate and realize high accuracy positioning, at the same can also automatic deviation correction in the feeding process, it is real Plate automatic feeding is showed;The net material cutting area of setting and rotary work-table keep plate advanced in the case where material cutting area only is accurately positioned The net material cutting of row, is delivered to rotary work-table later and completes work piece cut;The laser cutting for realizing automatic loading/unloading, improves Production efficiency.
The present invention provides the following technical scheme that
A kind of laser cutting device, equipped with main lathe bed and from it is rear to preceding be equipped with following working cell, that is, feeder, expect cutting area only And rotary work-table, the net material cutting area and rotary work-table are fixed on together on main lathe bed, feeder fixes on the ground; Laser cutting head assembly is additionally provided on main lathe bed, laser cutting head assembly is set to above net material cutting area and rotary work-table;
The feeder is equipped with feeding bed piece and feeding carrying roller, and the feeding carrying roller is set to feeding bed piece rear end;On described Material torr roller is equipped with the feeding idler pipe of feeding roller rack, 4-9 feeding roller carrier shaft and the corresponding carrying roller number of axle;Feeding carrying roller Bracket arc frame is set between feeding bed piece and ground, and the upper end of feeding roller rack is fixed on feeding bed piece, lower end It fixes on the ground;Feeding roller carrier shaft is uniformly arranged on feeding roller rack, and each idler pipe is arranged on feeding roller carrier shaft;
It is equipped with feeding table top on feeding bed piece, front block and rear portion block is respectively set in feeding table face rear and front end, Feeding servo motor, feeding ball-screw is respectively set in feeding table top lower part;The feeding ball-screw is longitudinally disposed, feeding The rear and front end of ball-screw is connected with feeding bed piece respectively, and feeding servo motor is arranged on feeding bed piece, and feeding is watched Motor is taken to connect with feeding ball-screw;
The rear portion block and front block are respectively positioned on feeding table top, rear portion block and the longitudinally asymmetric arrangement of front block;Afterwards Portion's block and front block are provided with 1-2 pairs;Front block is mating on feeding table top to be provided with front block track, front gear Only ball-screw, rear portion block is mating on feeding table top to be provided with rear portion block track, rear portion block ball-screw;Before described Portion's block track and rear portion block track are laterally arranged, the left and right ends of front block track and rear portion block track respectively with give Expect that bed piece is connected;Front block ball-screw passes through the front block and is set on the block track of front, each pair of front Block is to being centrally disposed on corresponding front block track;Rear portion block ball-screw passes through the rear portion block and is set to On the block track of rear portion, each pair of rear portion block is to being centrally disposed on corresponding rear portion block track;
The feeder is additionally provided with feeding track, feeding crossbeam and floating clamp, and feeding crossbeam is set to above feeding table top, work When feeding crossbeam can be moved forward and backward along feeding track;The feeding track is longitudinally disposed at below feeding table top, and feeding track is Be symmetrically set in the prograde orbit of feeding bed piece longitudinal axis two sides, the rear and front end of the feeding track respectively with feeding lathe Body is connected, and the feeding ball-screw setting is equipped with slide carriage in feeding track side or bottom, in feeding track upper end, described to slip Plate is crossed on the prograde orbit of feeding track, and slide carriage is connected by feeding track with feeding bed piece, feeding crossbeam or so two End extends downwardly and symmetrical bolt is fixed on slide carriage, and slide carriage is connected by nut with ball-screw;
The floating clamp is equipped with upper clamp, lower clamp, connecting rod, eccentric wheel, tilting member and pedestal, between lower clamp and connecting rod Equipped with mounting plate;
The longitudinally disposed and matched orbit space of feeding track position width on feeding table top;The pedestal of the floating clamp is pacified On slide carriage;
It is equipped with spring-loaded plunger in the upper clamp, connects guide rail inside spring-loaded plunger, guide rail bolt is fixed on the feeding crossbeam Middle position;It is installed with upper jaw in spring-loaded plunger bottom, upper jaw bottom surface is smooth, and upper jaw is fixed with spring-loaded plunger bolt;
Second spring plunger, second spring plunger body connection sliding block are equipped in the lower clamp;The sliding block lower bolt is solid It is scheduled on the mounting plate;Connecting rod is located at the mounting plate lower part, and pin block is equipped with inside mounting plate, and connecting rod passes through bolt and pin block Connection plate, connecting rod can move up and down that lower clamp is driven to move up and down;Eccentric wheel is set outside connecting rod, and eccentric wheel is set There is jackshaft, the drive shaft of the tilting member is connect with eccentric wheel by flat key;The connecting rod bottom connection is on the base;? Second spring plunger head is installed with lower jaw, and lower jaw top surface is smooth, and lower jaw is fixed with second spring plunger bolt;It is described Upper jaw and the lower jaw are opposite up and down;
The net material cutting area is equipped with more than two net material cutting support bars, net material cutting servo motor and block mounting base;Institute It states block mounting base left and right ends bolt to be fixed on main lathe bed, block mounting base is equipped with along the net material longitudinally asymmetric arrangement of cutting area Two, i.e., preceding block mounting base and rear block mounting base;Before multiple net material cutting support bar parallel longitudinal directions are fixed on In block mounting base and rear block mounting base, all net material cutting support bars are arranged on sustained height, all net material cutting branch The upper plane of stay constitutes the workbench main body of net material cutting area, and net material cutting servo motor is set on rear side of workbench main body On main lathe bed;Preceding block mounting base is equipped with 1-2 and cuts block to preceding net material, and rear block mounting base is equipped with rear net material cutting block, Material cutting block and preceding net material cutting block front and back are symmetrical only afterwards;Net material cutting block is along preceding block mounting base to center before each pair of Arrangement, net material cutting block is along rear block mounting base to center arrangement after each pair of;;It is net before preceding net material cutting block lower part installation Material cutting ball screw and nut, nut are connect with preceding net material cutting block, and preceding net material cutting ball screw is watched with net material cutting Take motor connection;Material cutting ball screw and nut, nut and rear net material are cut only after rear net material cutting block lower part installation Block connection, rear net material cutting ball screw are connect with net material cutting servo motor;
The rotary work-table is equipped with more than two rotational support items, rotation servo motor, chain strip holder rail and Support bracket;Support Bracket sets that there are three the longitudinal brackets of the above lateral bracket and three, lateral bracket and longitudinal bracket highly identical, each lateral brackets Left and right ends bolt is fixed on main lathe bed, and three longitudinal brackets are uniformly arranged on the centre and the left and right sides of main lathe bed respectively, Longitudinal bracket bolt of the left and right sides is fixed on main lathe bed, and intermediate longitudinal bracket is arranged on each lateral bracket axis, respectively Longitudinal bracket and the integrally molded composition Support bracket of each lateral bracket, Support bracket is fixed on main lathe bed;Longitudinal support Frame is respectively equipped with chain strip holder rail up and down, and the installation band ear roller chain on the chain strip holder rail, rotation servo motor setting is supporting On the main lathe bed of bracket front end, servo motor is rotated and with ear roller chain link;Multiple rotational support items are lateral respectively It being fixed on band ear roller chain, the left and right ends of rotational support item are individually fixed on the band ear roller chain of side chain strip holder rail, The center of rotational support item is fixed on the band ear roller chain of intermediate chain strip holder rail;The upper plane of all rotational support items, which is constituted, to be turned The rotation work table top of dynamic workbench, the rotation work table top are consistent with the net material workbench body height of cutting area;The branch The lateral bracket for supportting rear bracket part is equipped with rearward sprocket seat.
Above-mentioned laser cutting device, it is preferable that the upper jaw is consistent with the lower jaw shape size, working condition Along suitable with feeding table surface height in lower upper jaw lower edge and lower jaw.
Above-mentioned laser cutting device, it is preferable that upper jaw is made with the lower jaw of ultra-hard abrasive material.It is more excellent Selection of land, upper jaw are made with the lower jaw of die steel material.
Above-mentioned laser cutting device, it is preferable that the tilting member is oscillating cylinder, oscillating motor or swings electric Machine.
Above-mentioned laser cutting device, it is preferable that the feeder is equipped with retaining crossbeam, and retaining below the crossbeam is provided with only Move back clamp;Retaining crossbeam is located between feeding table top and feeding carrying roller;Retaining crossbeam left and right ends are fixed on individual cross beam frame On, edge and feeding table surface height are adapted in the cross beam frame bottom level and feeding carrying roller or retaining crossbeam is located at feeding Table top rear end, bolt is fixed at left and right sides of feeding table top respectively for retaining crossbeam left and right ends;
The retaining clamp is equipped with retaining upper clamp, retaining lower clamp;Retaining lower clamp correspondence is fixed on retaining below the crossbeam On cross beam frame bottom centre position or feeding table top transverse center position, retaining connecting rod, retaining connecting rod are equipped in retaining upper clamp Lower part connects piston pin, retaining connecting rod external connection crankshaft, and connecting rod top is fixed on retaining below the crossbeam center.
Above-mentioned laser cutting device, it is preferable that the feeding table top of the feeder is brush plate plane.
Above-mentioned laser cutting device, it is preferable that the net material cutting support bar of the net material cutting area uses wave-shape board.
Above-mentioned laser cutting device, it is preferable that in the vertical direction of preceding net material cutting block and rear net material cutting block It is equipped with Cam Follower.
Above-mentioned laser cutting device, it is preferable that the rotary work-table front end of the laser cutting device is provided with conveying Stacking machine is arranged in conveyer front end in machine;
The stacking machine blade assemblies that the stacking machine is equipped with rack and is fixed in rack, before the rear and front end of rack is respectively equipped with Preceding cross slide way and rear cross slide way, the left and right of rack have been symmetrically arranged on crossbeam and rear cross beam, front beam and rear cross beam Both ends are symmetrically arranged with left longitudinal rail and right longitudinal rail;The rear cross beam is fixed on rear end of rack, the front beam or so Both ends are located on left longitudinal rail and right longitudinal rail, and front beam can be moved forward and backward along left longitudinal rail and right longitudinal rail;
Cylinder mounting plate and stacking push plate are set on preceding cross slide way and rear cross slide way, and stacking push plate quantity is cylinder installation Twice of plate, installs cylinder on cylinder mounting plate;The stacking push plate is arranged in pairs, and stacking push plate is at least provided with 3 pairs, often To one of connection cylinder of stacking push plate, another is mounted on preceding cross slide way or rear cross slide way;The stacking pushes away Plate, it is at least a pair of on cross slide way before being centrally disposed in and two stacking push plate plate faces are perpendicular to preceding cross slide way, it is a pair of right It is centrally disposed on rear cross slide way and two stacking push plate plate faces is perpendicular to rear cross slide way, a pair is laterally led before being respectively arranged at On rail and rear cross slide way and two stacking push plate plate faces are respectively parallel to preceding cross slide way and rear cross slide way, above-mentioned each pair of stacking Two push plate plate faces of push plate are opposite in parallel;
Blanking platform is equipped with above stacking machine blade assemblies, stacking machine blade assemblies support blanking platform;Under blanking platform Side is equipped with sensor, and stacking machine blade assemblies are equipped with elevator and motor;
The stacking machine blade assemblies are the 3-8 transverse slat arranged along stands longitudinal, and each transverse slat left and right ends are fixed in rack; At least one in the transverse slat connects below blanking platform and supports blanking platform.
Above-mentioned laser cutting device, it is preferable that elevator is chain-type elevator, is equipped with roller chain and sprocket, roller Chain is set on sprocket wheel, and motor is connect with sprocket wheel.
Using laser cutting device of the invention, plate with laser cutting in blocks is carried out, is at least had the advantages that
One, self-feeding, accurate cutting and automatic blanking be can be realized, realize continuity operation
The plate feeding of laser cutting device carries out feeding, steel plate to cutting off machine along feeding table top longitudinal direction from feeder Feeding forward is clamped by feeding crossbeam and floating clamp, rear portion block and front block is cooperated to carry out plate or so positioning;Specifically Ground is driven by the tilting member of floating clamp, and connecting rod, which moves up, drives lower clamp to move upwards and grip block above and below upper clamp Material, cooperation feeding crossbeam is to feeding bed piece longitudinal direction feeding, and left and right is mobile to center simultaneously for rear portion block and front block, Into the plate of feeding table top, front end limits left-right position by front block, and its rear end limits left-right position by rear portion block, Due to front block and the longitudinally asymmetric arrangement of rear portion block, the plate for entering feeding table top can be placed restrictions on along longitudinal direction in determining position In setting, to adapt to status requirement when plate cutting, feeding drives feeding ball-screw to complete by feeding servo motor, positioning accurate Degree is high, and feeding is not susceptible to deflection, realizes self-feeding;
Laser cutting device of the invention, due to being equipped with preceding net material cutting block and rear net material cutting block in material cutting area only, The plate that feeder can be accurately positioned feeding and enter workbench main body is placed restrictions in determining position, is cut with adapting to plate Status requirement when cutting;When it is implemented, net material cutting servo motor passes through material cutting ball screw net before driving and rear net material Ball screw is cut, makes each pair of preceding net material cutting block and net material cutting block is symmetrically mobile respectively afterwards, net material before each pair of Width between cutting block and rear net material cutting block passes through system automatic control and adjustment, the plate conveyed to net material cutting area, Its front end limits left-right position by preceding net material cutting block, and its rear end limits left-right position by rear net material cutting block, to plate It is accurately positioned, reduces the deviation of plate physical location and theoretical correct position, and then guarantee the cutting accuracy of net material cutting, The defect expected only can not be cut by solving common laser cutting machine;Moreover, still smooth plate is moved to rotation work after cutting After platform, the plate due to entering net material cutting area is accurately positioned, and the plate face that rotary work-table is entered by overall movement is still smart It determines position and is not easy to glance off;To realize accurate cutting, workpiece rejection rate is reduced, production efficiency is improved;
When the net material cutting area of feeding is at sheet material, after material cutting area is cut only, plate is still smooth plate face;It is net later Plate after material cutting is moved to rotary work-table, completes work piece cut, rotary work-table rotation, by the work on rotary work-table Part is delivered to next unit, and rotary work-table restores standby mode later, and it is defeated will to expect that cutting area does not cut completion plate only again It send to rotary work-table, plate continues to be cut into single monolithic piece, moves in circles, and realizes the continuity operation of cutting;In addition, In rotary work-table, plate continues to cut and become shape, the irregular single monolithic piece of size, and single monolithic piece is not easy to convey, Since rotary work-table can be moved forward integrally, to automatically be fed forward irregular single monolithic piece, cutting is realized The Automatic Conveying of workpiece realizes automatic blanking;
Two, the automatic deviation correction of feeding process is realized
This laser cutting device is driven, clamp can control floating since floating clamp lifting is eccentric rod gear by tilting member It is dynamic;Floating cannot be controlled relative to common clamping mechanism, when feeder clamps plate in case of deflection, is cut directly affecting Precision is cut, and steel plate two sides and front block and rear portion block can be made to generate additional stress, steel plate edge is made to bend The plastic deformation such as fold, greatly increases the rejection rate of equipment;The floating clamp of feeder setting of the present invention can substantially reduce useless Product rate, and can be with larger speed feeding, in feeding process, when plate, which is moved forward and backward feeding, to be glanced off, floating clamp is opened Beginning left and right is floated, and tilting member drives eccentric wheel to rotate along jackshaft, floating by spring-loaded plunger, guide rail and sliding block realization left and right Dynamic, the automatic front block and/or rear portion block eliminated avoids plate from crimping in the feeding process the lateral force of plate, The automatic deviation correction in feeding process is realized, production efficiency is improved.
Three, rotary work-table realizes support workpiece and conveying work pieces function simultaneously
Laser cutting device of the invention since rotary work-table and net material cutting area are located at simultaneously on main lathe bed, and rotates work Make platform and be located at net material cutting area front, is arranged along the longitudinal direction with net material cutting area;In material cutting area cutting only, rotation work Platform is static, and the workpiece of the net material cutting area of rotary work-table support is cut;After material cutting area completes net material cutting only, plate It is moved to rotary work-table and completes work piece cut, the workpiece on rotary work-table is delivered to next list by rotary work-table rotation Member;In this way, rotary work-table, which realizes, integrates support workpiece and conveying work pieces function.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is one overall structure diagram of laser cutting device embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is feeder schematic perspective view in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the longitudinal sectional view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is A-A direction view in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is that position partial structurtes enlarged drawing is arranged in floating clamp in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 is floating clamp overall structure enlarged drawing in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is B-B direction view in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is to expect cutting area and rotary work-table schematic perspective view only in Fig. 1;
Fig. 9 is the longitudinal sectional view of Fig. 8;
Figure 10 is the Support bracket concrete structure schematic diagram of rotary work-table in Fig. 8;
Only cutting area front end partial enlarged view is expected in Figure 11 Fig. 8;
Rotary work-table front end partial enlarged view in Figure 12 Fig. 8.
Figure 13 is conveyor construction schematic diagram in Fig. 1;
Figure 14 is stacking machine overall structure diagram in Fig. 1;
Figure 15 is the structural schematic diagram that stacking machine unloads dropping material platform in Figure 14;
Figure 16 is two overall structure diagram of laser cutting device embodiment of the invention;
Figure 17 is feeder schematic perspective view in Figure 16;
Figure 18 is the longitudinal sectional view of Figure 17;
Figure 19 is that position partial structurtes enlarged drawing is arranged in retaining crossbeam in Figure 17;
Figure 20 is retaining clamp overall structure enlarged drawing in Figure 19;
Figure 21 is C-C direction view in Figure 20.
Explanation is numbered in figure:
1 material frame;2 levelling machines;
3 feeders;300 feeding servo motors;301 feeding bed pieces;306 slide carriages;307 feeding ball-screws;Material torr on 302 Roller;303 feeding roller racks;304 feeding roller carrier shafts;305 feeding idler pipes;313 feeding table tops;314 feeding tracks;316 Orbit space;310 feeding crossbeam, 312 floating clamp;318 upper clamps;319 lower clamps;320 eccentric wheels;321 oscillating cylinders; 322 spring-loaded plungers;323 guide rails;324 upper jaws;325 second spring plungers;326 sliding blocks;327 connecting rods;328 mounting plates;Under 329 Jaw;330 pedestals;308 front blocks;309 rear portion blocks;3331 front block ball-screws;3332 rear portion block ball wires Thick stick;3351 front block tracks;3352 rear portion block tracks;3041 block feeding roller carrier shafts;3051 block feeding Support roll pipes Body;332 retaining crossbeams;336 retaining clamps;337 retaining upper clamps;Retaining lower clamp 338;339 cross beam frames;Retaining connecting rod 340; Piston pin 341;Crankshaft 342;
4 net material cutting areas;41 net material cutting support bars;42 net material cutting servo motors;Block mounting base before 431;Block after 432 Mounting base;44 workbench main bodys;Material cuts block only before 451;Material cuts block only after 452;Material cuts ball wire only before 461 Bar;Material cuts ball screw only after 462;47 Cam Followers;48 net material cutting blanking spaces;
5 rotary work-tables;51 rotational support items;52 rotation servo motors;53 chain strip holder rails;531 intermediate chain strip holder rails;532 sides Hold chain strip holder rail;54 Support brackets;Lateral bracket 541;Longitudinal bracket 542;Band ear roller chain 55;Rotation work table top 56;Afterwards Portion's chain pulley seat 57;58 rotary work-table blanking spaces;
6 conveyers;61 brackets;62 conveyer belts;63 conveyer roller chains;64 speed reducer for servo motor;65 blanket rollers;66 back rollers Cylinder;
7 stacking machines;700 racks;701 front beams;702 rear cross beams;Preceding 703 cross slide way;Cross slide way after 704;705 left longitudinal directions Guide rail;706 right longitudinal rails;71 blanking platforms;72 stacking push plates;73 cylinders;74 cylinder mounting plates;75 stacking machine supporting plate groups Part;76 sensors;77 elevators;78 motors;79 sprocket wheels;791 roller chains;
8 main lathe beds;81 laser cutting head assemblies;82 blanking drawers;83 brush plates.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution that the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, protection scope of the present invention include still It is without being limited thereto.The routine techniques of fields can be used in the device structure not referred in detail in the present invention.
Embodiment one:
Laser cutting device overall structure of the invention is as shown in Figure 1, laser cutting device is equipped with main lathe bed 8 and sets from rear to preceding There are following working cell i.e. feeder 3, net material cutting area 4, rotary work-table 5, conveyer 6 and stacking machine 7, the net material cutting Area 4 and rotary work-table 5 are fixed on together on main lathe bed 8, remaining each working cell is fixed on the ground by foundation bolt;Main bed Laser cutting head assembly 81 is additionally provided on body 8, laser cutting head assembly 81 is set on net material cutting area 4 and rotary work-table 5 Side.When it is implemented, being additionally provided with levelling machine 2 and material frame 1 at 3 rear portion of feeder, levelling machine 2 is equipped with levelling machine carrying roller, can incite somebody to action The rolling of coiled strip plate is smooth, is conducive to feeding and laser cutting;About the specific structure and application method of material frame and levelling machine, belong to Well-known technique repeats no more below.The body of work unit of laser cutting device is as follows:
One, feeder 3
As Figure 2-3, as shown in figure 3, the feeder 3 is equipped with feeding bed piece 301 and feeding carrying roller 302, the feeding Carrying roller 301 is set to 301 rear end of feeding bed piece;The feeding carrying roller 301 is equipped with feeding roller rack 303,4-9 feeding carrying roller The feeding idler pipe 305 of axis 304 and the corresponding carrying roller number of axle;303 arc frame of feeding roller rack is set to feeding bed piece 301 Between ground, the upper end of feeding roller rack 303 is fixed on feeding bed piece 301, and lower end fixes on the ground;Upper material torr Roll shaft 304 is uniformly arranged on feeding roller rack 303, and each idler pipe 305 is arranged on feeding roller carrier shaft 304, and work shape Under state, feeding carrying roller 302 drives plate to 301 side of feeding bed piece by the frictional force between plate and feeding idler pipe 305 To movement;
Feeding table top 313 is equipped on feeding bed piece 301, when it is implemented, feeding table top 313 is preferentially flat using brush plate Face, the brush plate plane working face is smooth, smooth, during web contact, can avoid the friction of plate, collides with and scratch, It prevents from scratching plate in the feeding process;Front block 308 and rear portion block is respectively set in 313 rear and front end of feeding table top 309, feeding servo motor 300, feeding ball-screw 307 is respectively set in 313 lower part of feeding table top;The feeding ball-screw 307 is longitudinally disposed, and the rear and front end of feeding ball-screw 307 is connected with feeding bed piece 301 respectively, feeding servo motor 300 It is arranged on feeding bed piece 301, feeding servo motor 300 is connect with feeding ball-screw 307;
As Figure 2-3, rear portion block 309 and front block 308 are respectively positioned on feeding table top 313, rear portion block 309 and front The longitudinally asymmetric arrangement of block 308;Rear portion block 309 and front block 308 are provided with 1-2 pairs;Front block 308 is in feeding table top Mating on 313 to be provided with front block track 3351, front block ball-screw 3331, rear portion block 309 is in feeding table top 313 It is above mating to be provided with rear portion block track 3352, rear portion block ball-screw 3332;The front block track 3351 and rear portion The left and right ends of the laterally setting of block track 3352, front block track 3351 and rear portion block track 3352 respectively with feeder Lathe bed 301 is connected;Front block ball-screw 3331 passes through the front block 308 and is set to front block track 3351 On, each pair of front block 308 is to being centrally disposed on corresponding front block track 3351;Rear portion block ball-screw 3332 is worn It crosses the rear portion block 309 and is set on rear portion block track 3352, each pair of rear portion block 309 is corresponding to being centrally disposed in On rear portion block track 3352;
In the present invention, the block is a kind of board-like limit element, has and penetrates through its internal cavity, each element surface face is limited Position gear;In the present solution, front block 308 or rear portion block 309 have a cavity, each pair of block can be in block ball-screw Drive under, along block track respectively left and right center is moved, front block 308 and the longitudinally asymmetric arrangement of rear portion block 309, energy Center is moved left and right simultaneously, to adapt to the change width of different feeding plates, when work, rear portion block 309 and front block 308 control simultaneously to center movement, and into the plate of feeding table top 313, front end limits left-right position by front block 308, Its rear end limits left-right position by rear portion block 309, due to front block and the longitudinally asymmetric arrangement of rear portion block, can will enter and send The plate of material table top 313 is placed restrictions on along longitudinal direction in determining position, to adapt to status requirement when plate cutting;
The feeder 3 is additionally provided with feeding track 314, feeding crossbeam 310 and floating clamp 312;Feeding crossbeam 310 is set to feeding The top of table top 313, feeding crossbeam 310 can be moved forward and backward along feeding track 314 when work;As illustrated in figures 4-5, feeding track 314 Be longitudinally disposed at the lower section of feeding table top 313, feeding track 314 be symmetrically set in 301 longitudinal axis two sides of feeding bed piece and The rear and front end of row track, the feeding track 314 is connected with feeding bed piece 301 respectively, and the feeding ball-screw 307 is set It sets in 314 side or bottom of feeding track, is equipped with slide carriage 306 in 314 upper end of feeding track, the slide carriage 306 is crossed on feeding On the prograde orbit of track 314, slide carriage 306 is connected by feeding track 314 with feeding bed piece 301, feeding crossbeam 310 or so Both ends extend downwardly and symmetrical fixing bolt is on slide carriage 306, and slide carriage 306 is connected by nut with feeding ball-screw 307;Work Make under state, feeding servo motor 300 drives feeding ball-screw 307 to move, so that slide carriage 306 be driven to move, is fixed on and slips Feeding crossbeam 310 on plate 306 is moved with slide carriage 306 simultaneously;
As illustrated in figs. 5-7, floating clamp 312 is equipped with upper clamp 318, lower clamp 319, connecting rod 327, eccentric wheel 320, tilting member With pedestal 330, mounting plate 328 is equipped between lower clamp 319 and connecting rod 327;
The longitudinally disposed and matched orbit space 316 of 314 position width of feeding track on feeding table top 313;Floating clamp 312 Pedestal 330 be mounted on slide carriage 306, moved forward and backward with slide carriage 306;
It is equipped with spring-loaded plunger 322 in upper clamp 318, connects guide rail 323 inside spring-loaded plunger 322,323 bolt of guide rail is fixed In 310 middle position of feeding crossbeam, when floating clamp 312 does not work, upper clamp 318, which is hung, to hang down on feeding crossbeam 310; It is installed with upper jaw 324 in 322 bottom of spring-loaded plunger, 324 bottom surface of upper jaw is smooth, upper jaw 324 and 322 bolt of spring-loaded plunger It is fixed;
Second spring plunger 325,325 inside connection sliding block 326 of second spring plunger are equipped in the lower clamp 319;The cunning 326 lower bolt of block is fixed on the mounting plate 328;Connecting rod 327 is located at 328 lower part of mounting plate, inside mounting plate 328 Equipped with pin block, by bolt and pin block connection plate 328, connecting rod 327 can move up and down to drive lower clamp connecting rod 327 319 move up and down;Eccentric wheel 320 is set outside connecting rod 327, and eccentric wheel 320 is equipped with jackshaft, the driving of the tilting member Axis is connect with eccentric wheel 320 by flat key;327 bottom of connecting rod is connected on pedestal 330;It is pushed up in second spring plunger 325 Portion is installed with lower jaw 329, and 329 top surface of lower jaw is smooth, and lower jaw 329 is fixed with 325 bolt of second spring plunger;The present invention In, different driving power can be converted to mechanical energy by the tilting member 321, to drive corresponding interconnecting piece by drive shaft Part or mechanism make straight line, reciprocal or swing, rotary motion, and tilting member 321 can be oscillating cylinder, oscillating motor or swing Motor, difference are only that driving power is different, respectively cylinder driving, hydraulic-driven or are driven by electricity, about these swings The specific structure and installation and application of component belong to row technology known in the industry, and details are not described herein again;
The upper jaw 324 is opposite with about 329 lower jaw and shape size is consistent, under working condition under upper jaw 324 Along suitable with 313 height of feeding table top on edge and lower jaw 329;In present embodiment, upper jaw 324 and lower jaw 329 are used The consistent circle of shape size;
In the present invention, in the specific implementation, the upper jaw 324 and lower jaw 329 of floating clamp 312 are directly clamped with web contact Plate, in 324 lower edge of upper jaw and lower jaw 329 along with feeding table top 313 " height is suitable ", i.e., under upper jaw 324 The height setting on edge on edge and lower jaw 329, capable of making floating clamp 312 that feeding crossbeam 310 be cooperated to drive plate, normally edge is sent Expect that 313 back and forth or left and right of table top is mobile, is difficult to the disengaging feeding of mobile or plate without generating plate compact feeding table top 313 The hanging situation of table top 313, the height on edge in 324 lower edge of upper jaw and lower jaw 329, those skilled in the art can be according to specific Performance is realized;
In addition, in the present invention, it is first since the upper jaw 324 and lower jaw 329 of floating clamp 312 are directly with clamping web contact First jaw is answered wear-resisting, is hardly damaged when clamping defective plate, and secondly jaw is wanted superhard and is unlikely to deform, and is clamping smooth plate When can avoid zero defect plate to crush, guarantee workpiece quality, when it is implemented, the preferential use of upper jaw 324 and lower jaw 329 Ultra-hard abrasive material is made, and mould steel specifically can be used, preferentially use SKD11 die steel material in practice.
Two, cutting area 4 and rotary work-table 5 are expected only
As shown in Fig. 8-9 and Figure 12, the net material cutting area 4 is equipped with more than two net material cutting support bars 41, net material cutting is watched Take motor 42 and block mounting base;Block mounting base left and right ends bolt is fixed on main lathe bed 8, and block mounting base is equipped with Along net two for expecting the longitudinally asymmetric arrangement of cutting area 4, i.e., preceding block mounting base 431 and rear block mounting base 432;Described is multiple Net material cutting 41 parallel longitudinal direction of support bar is fixed in preceding block mounting base 431 and rear block mounting base 432, all net material cuttings Support bar 41 is arranged on sustained height, and the upper plane of all net material cutting support bars 41 constitutes the workbench of net material cutting area 4 Main body 44, net material cutting servo motor 42 are set on the main lathe bed 8 of 44 rear side of workbench main body;Preceding block mounting base 431 is set There is 1-2 to cut block 451 to preceding net material, rear block mounting base 432 is equipped with rear net material cutting block 452, rear net material cutting block 452 is symmetrical with 451 front and backs of preceding net material cutting block;Net material cutting block 451 is along preceding block mounting base 431 to center cloth before each pair of It sets, net material cutting block 452 is along rear block mounting base 432 to center arrangement after each pair of;Pacify in preceding net material cutting 451 lower part of block Net material cutting ball screw 461 and nut before dress, nut are connect with preceding net material cutting block 451, and preceding net material cuts ball screw 461 connect with net material cutting servo motor 42;Material cuts ball screw 462 only after rear net material cutting 452 lower part of block installation And nut, nut are connect with rear net material cutting block 452, rear net material cutting ball screw 462 and net material cut servo motor 42 Connection;
In present embodiment, preceding net material cutting block 451 and rear net material cutting block 452 have a cavity, each pair of block energy It is enough Zuo You center not to be moved under the drive of block ball-screw along block mounting base, preceding net material cutting block 451 and it is rear only The material cutting longitudinally asymmetric arrangement of block 452, can simultaneously move left and right center, to adapt to the change width of different cutting plates; When work, left and right is mobile to center simultaneously for preceding net material cutting block 451 and rear net material cutting block 452, into workbench main body 44 plate, front end limit left-right position by preceding net material cutting block 451, and its rear end is limited by rear net material cutting block 452 Left-right position can will enter workbench due to preceding net material cutting block 451 and the rear net material cutting longitudinally asymmetric arrangement of block 452 The plate of main body 44 is placed restrictions in determining position, to adapt to status requirement when plate cutting;When it is implemented, the course of work In, to net material 4 feeding of cutting area, workbench main body 44 is fixed, and net material cutting servo motor 42 is cut by material net before driving Ball screw 461 and rear net material cutting ball screw 462 are cut, each pair of preceding net material cutting block 451 and afterwards net material cutting block are made 452 is symmetrically mobile respectively, and the width that net material is cut between block 4511 and rear net material cutting block 452 before each pair of passes through system Automatic control and adjustment is accurately positioned plate, reduces the deviation of plate physical location and theoretical correct position;
In the present invention, the net material cutting represents plate and only carries out workpiece shapes size in the area and tentatively cut without cutting plate Material, be sent into net material cutting area 4 at sheet material, after material cutting area 4 is cut only, plate is still smooth plate face, not formed The workpiece of monolithic;
In the present invention, when it is implemented, as shown in figure 12, the net net material cutting support bar 41 for expecting cutting area 4 preferentially uses wave The wave of plate, wave-shape board is installed up, which can reduce the contact area of plate Yu workbench main body 44, is conducive to The cutting of plate;
When it is implemented, as shown in figure 12, it is equal in the vertical direction of preceding net material cutting block 451 and rear net material cutting block 452 Equipped with Cam Follower 47, which can prevent from tilting during plate cutting, reduce plate physical location and reason By the deviation of correct position, and then guarantee the cutting accuracy of net material cutting;
When it is implemented, as Figure 8-9, brush plate 83,83 left and right ends of brush plate preferably are arranged at material 4 rear portion of cutting area only Bolt is fixed on main lathe bed 8, and 44 rear end of workbench main body of net material cutting area 4, brush plate 83 are fixed in 83 front end of brush plate Upper plane is consistent with the height of workbench main body 44;The plate that conveying comes is moved in workbench main body 44 through brush plate 83, is cut During cutting, the plate for not entering workbench main body 44 is temporarily supported by brush plate 83 to be cut, prevents from scratching in cutting process Plate;
As seen in figs. 8-10, the rotary work-table 5 is located at net material 4 front of cutting area, expects the cloth along the longitudinal direction of cutting area 4 with net It sets;Rotary work-table 5 is equipped with more than two rotational support items 51, rotation servo motor 52, chain strip holder rail 53 and Support bracket 54;
Support bracket 54 is as shown in figure 13, if there are three the above lateral bracket 541 and three longitudinal brackets 542, lateral bracket 541 Identical with longitudinal 542 height of bracket, each 541 left and right ends bolt of lateral bracket is fixed on main lathe bed 8, three longitudinal brackets 542 are uniformly arranged on the centre and the left and right sides of main lathe bed 8 respectively, and longitudinal bracket bolt of the left and right sides is fixed on main lathe bed 8 On, intermediate longitudinal bracket 542 is arranged on each 541 axis of lateral bracket, and each longitudinal direction bracket and 541 one of each lateral bracket are welded It connects and constitutes Support bracket 54, Support bracket 54 is fixed on main lathe bed 8;
As shown in figure 11, longitudinal about 542 bracket is respectively equipped with chain strip holder rail 53, and installation band ear rolls on the chain strip holder rail 53 Subchain 55, rotation servo motor 52 are arranged on the main lathe bed 8 of 54 front end of Support bracket, rotate servo motor 52 and with ear roller Chain 55 connects;Multiple rotational support items 51 are secured transverse to respectively on band ear roller chain 55, a left side for rotational support item 51 Right both ends are individually fixed on the band ear roller chain 55 of side chain strip holder rail 532, and centre is fixed at the center of rotational support item 51 On the band ear roller chain 55 of chain strip holder rail 531;The upper plane of all rotational support items 51 constitutes the rotation work of rotary work-table 5 44 height of workbench main body of table top 56, the rotation work table top 56 and net material cutting area 4 is consistent;Such as Fig. 8-9, Support bracket 54 The lateral bracket 541 at rear portion is equipped with rearward sprocket seat 57, realizes the counter motion with ear roller chain 55;
In the present invention, rotary work-table 5, which collects, supports workpiece and conveying work pieces function and one, under conventional standby mode, rotates work The rotational support item 51 for making platform 5 is respectively positioned on 56 position of rotation work table top, and rotary work-table 5 is static, is delivered to net material cutting area 4 Plate start to expect cutting only, rotary work-table 5 supports the sheet material workpiece of net material cutting area 4 to carry out net material cutting;Net material cutting After the completion, the plate after net material cutting is moved to the rotation work table top 56 of rotary work-table 5, and continuation is cut in laser cutting head 81 It cuts off to form single monolithic piece;After the completion of single monolithic piece cutting, rotary work-table 5 starts to transmit, and rotation servo motor 52 passes through band Ear roller chain 55 drives the rotational support item 51 on rotation work table top 56 to rotate forward, by the monolithic on rotation work table top 56 Workpiece is conveyed to the previous working cell of laser delivery device such as conveyer 6;Single monolithic piece conveying finishes, and rotates servo motor 52 By rearward sprocket seat 57, make band 55 counter motion of ear roller chain, rotational support item 51 is returned with band 55 counter motion of ear roller chain Return conventional standby mode;It moves in circles, workpiece is constantly cut on material cutting area 4 only and rotary work-table 5 and is fed forward;
In the present invention, after still smooth plate is moved to rotary work-table 5 after material cutting area 4 only is cut, due to entering net material The plate of cutting area 4 is accurately positioned, and the plate face that rotary work-table 5 is entered by overall movement is still accurately positioned and is not susceptible to Deflection;In rotary work-table 5, plate continues to cut and become shape, the irregular single monolithic piece of size, and single monolithic piece is not easy Conveying, to automatically be fed forward irregular single monolithic piece, is realized since rotary work-table 5 can be moved forward integrally The Automatic Conveying of cutting workpiece.
When it is implemented, it is equipped with blanking drawer 82 in material cutting area 4 and 5 lower part of rotary work-table only, it is net to expect such as Figure 12 The space being spaced between the net material cutting support bar 41 of cutting area 4 constitutes net material cutting blanking space 48, such as Figure 11, rotation work The space being spaced between the rotational support item 51 of platform 5 constitutes rotary work-table blanking space 58;The net material cuts blanking space 48 and rotary work-table blanking space 58 be located at 82 top of the blanking drawer;In cutting process, plate is in material cutting area 4 only When carrying out net material cutting, the small size waste material for cutting generation lowers under net material cutting area 4 through net material cutting blanking space 48 It is collected in the blanking drawer 82 in portion, keeps the clean and tidy of workbench main body 44, while being also conducive to net material cutting area 4 during the work time Ventilation and dust removal;After expecting that not cutting off plate after cutting yet enters rotary work-table 5 only, plate continues to be cut into monolithic work Part, size is less than the waste material in rotary work-table blanking space 58 in remaining waste material, lowers into the blanking of 5 lower part of rotary work-table It is collected in drawer 82;The waste material that bulk does not enter blanking drawer 82 is set by artificially collecting, or in 5 front side of rotary work-table Scrap conveyor is set, during rotary work-table 5 conveys cutting workpiece, the waste material that bulk does not enter blanking drawer 82 can be through useless Material conveyer belt takes laser cutting device out of;When it is implemented, scrap conveyor uses belt conveyor.
In the present invention, Cam Follower 47, band ear roller chain 55 and rearward sprocket seat 57 belong to well known in the art set Standby components can directly be bought from the market by production purpose requirement and be installed on laser cutting device corresponding position.
Three, conveyer 6 and stacking machine 7
5 front end of rotary work-table of laser cutting device is provided with conveyer 6, stacking machine 7 is set in 6 front end of conveyer;
As shown in figure 13, conveyer 6 is equipped with conveyer bridge 61, conveyer belt 62, conveyer roller chain 63, speed reducer for servo motor 64, blanket roller 65 and rear roller 66, blanket roller 65 and rear roller 66 are separately mounted to the rear and front end of conveyer bridge 61, by watching It takes motor reducer 64 and blanket roller 65 and the rotation of rear roller 66 is dragged by conveyer roller chain 63, conveyer belt 62 is wrapped in preliminary roller On cylinder 65 and rear roller 66.Conveyer 6 can be big when temporarily material stock and woollen are cut waste material manual recovery, specific works When, conveyer 6 is dragged by servo motor, and system control matches its movement and speed with rotary work-table 5, after program is finished Auto-action is not required to manual operation, realizes automatic conveying;
As shown in figs. 14-15, the stacking machine blade assemblies 75 that stacking machine is equipped with rack 700 and is fixed in rack 700, rack 700 rear and front end is respectively equipped with front beam 701 and rear cross beam 702, is symmetrically arranged on front beam 701 and rear cross beam 702 There are preceding cross slide way 703 and rear cross slide way 704, the left and right ends of rack are symmetrically arranged with left longitudinal rail 705 and right longitudinal direction Guide rail 706;The rear cross beam 702 is fixed on 700 rear end of rack, and 701 left and right ends of front beam are located at left longitudinal rail 705 and right longitudinal rail 706 on, front beam 701 can be moved forward and backward along left longitudinal rail 705 and right longitudinal rail 706;
As shown in figure 15, stacking machine blade assemblies 75 are along the longitudinally arranged 3-8 transverse slat of rack 700, each transverse slat left and right ends It is fixed in rack;At least one in the transverse slat connects 71 lower section of blanking platform and supports blanking platform 71;
Cylinder mounting plate 74 and stacking push plate 72, the number of stacking push plate 72 are set on preceding cross slide way 703 and rear cross slide way 704 Amount is twice of cylinder mounting plate 74, and cylinder 73 is installed on cylinder mounting plate 74;The stacking push plate 72 is arranged in pairs, stacking Push plate 72 is at least provided with 3 pairs, and one of connection cylinder 73 of each pair of stacking push plate 72, another is mounted on preceding cross slide way 703 or rear cross slide way 704 on;The stacking push plate 72, it is at least a pair of on cross slide way 703 before being centrally disposed in and two Stacking push plate plate face is a pair of to being centrally disposed on rear cross slide way 704 and two stacking push plate plates perpendicular to preceding cross slide way 703 Face is perpendicular to rear cross slide way 704, and a pair is respectively arranged on preceding cross slide way 703 and rear cross slide way 704 and two stackings push away Plate plate face is respectively parallel to preceding cross slide way 703 and rear cross slide way 704, two push plate plate faces of above-mentioned each pair of stacking push plate 72 It is parallel opposite;When it is implemented, stacking push plate 72 is arranged 3 pairs;
Blanking platform 71 is equipped with above stacking machine blade assemblies 75, stacking machine blade assemblies 75 support blanking platform 71;It is falling Expect to be equipped with sensor 76 below platform 71, stacking machine blade assemblies 75 are equipped with elevator 77 and motor 78;In present embodiment, Elevator 77 is chain-type elevator, is equipped with roller chain 791 and sprocket wheel 79, and roller chain 791 is set on sprocket wheel 79, motor 78 with Sprocket wheel 79 connects;
When stacking machine work, a pair of of stacking push plate 72 on rear cross slide way 704 is under the driving of cylinder 73, along rear cross slide way 704 pairs of centers move left and right, and push the left and right sides of workpiece rear end, while a pair of of stacking push plate on preceding cross slide way 703 exists Under cylinder 73 drives, center is moved left and right along preceding cross slide way 703, the left and right sides of workpiece front end is pushed, in this way, two pairs of codes Cooperation, keeps workpiece neat along 71 longitudinal arrangement of blanking platform on blanking platform 71, between stacking push plate 72 before and after pile push plate Width can be adjusted, to adapt to width workpiece of different sizes;In palletization, preceding cross slide way 703 and rear cross slide way Width between 704 can also be adjusted, to adapt to the different workpiece of length scale, specifically, when the workpiece for being conveyed into stacking machine Length shorten or it is elongated constantly, front beam 701 is posteriorly or anteriorly moved along left longitudinal rail 705 and right longitudinal rail 706, preceding cross This on direction guiding rail 703 posteriorly or anteriorly moves stacking push plate with front beam 701, continues after cooperating on cross slide way 704 This keeps workpiece neat along 71 longitudinal arrangement of blanking platform on blanking platform 71 stacking push plate;When workpiece is in blanking platform 71 On be arranged in the vertical direction when glancing off, front beam 701 is moved backward along left longitudinal rail 705 and right longitudinal rail 706, is set simultaneously This being placed on preceding cross slide way 703 and rear cross slide way 704 becomes smaller to stacking push plate distance, and the workpiece glanced off is pushed Marshalling;In this way, each pair of stacking push plate 72 on blanking platform 71 be according to the Workpiece length change width for being conveyed into stacking machine, Constantly workpiece push stacking is stacked on blanking platform 71;In palletization, when the plate on blanking platform 71 stacks height When degree reaches 76 position of sensor, power is transferred to elevator 77, elevator 77 by roller chain 791 and sprocket wheel 79 by motor 78 The automatic adjustment decline of blanking platform 71 is driven, when reaching stacking capacity, sensor 76 issues signal, and palletizing operation is shut down, and uses After the workpiece that fork truck folds heap is placed into specified region;Elevator 77 drives the automatic adjustment of blanking platform 71 to rise, stacking machine 7 It resets, palletizing operation restarts.
Laser cutting device of the invention works in this way:
1, plate prepares: dicing plate volume will be needed to be located on material frame 1, after smoothing by levelling machine 2, plate is by feeding carrying roller Feeder 3 is sent into 302 supports;
2, automatic charging: the tilting member 321 of floating clamp 312 drives on feeder 3, and connecting rod 327 moves up the lower pincers of drive Body 319, which is moved upwards, clamps plate front end with about 318 upper clamp;Feeding servo motor 300 drives feeding ball-screw 307 to transport It is dynamic, make slide carriage 306 that feeding crossbeam 310 be driven to move forward and backward along 301 longitudinal direction of feeding bed piece, the cooperation of floating clamp 312 is sent Material crossbeam 310 moves in orbit space 316, and floating clamp 312 and feeding crossbeam 310 is made to be moved to 313 rear end of feeding table top; Feeding carrying roller 302 drives plate to transport to 301 direction of feeding bed piece by the frictional force between plate and feeding idler pipe 305 It is dynamic;At this point, plate front end limits left-right position by front block 308, plate rear end limits left-right position by rear portion block 309, Plate is accurately positioned on feeding table top 313, when feeding glances off, floating clamp or so floating automatic deviation correction;Plate by Feeder 3 enters net material cutting area 4;
3, net material cutting: rotary work-table 5 is standby, and the rotational support item 51 of rotary work-table 5 is respectively positioned on rotation work table top 56 Position, rotary work-table 5 is static, and the plate for being delivered to net material cutting area 4 starts to expect cutting only, and rotary work-table 5 supports net material The sheet material workpiece of cutting area 4 carries out net material cutting, and plate carries out workpiece shapes size and tentatively cuts without cutting off plate;
4, rotary work-table is cut: feeder 3 continues feeding, is moved to net material cutting area 4 at sheet material, the plate after net material cutting Material is moved to the rotation work table top 56 of rotary work-table 5 simultaneously, continues to form single monolithic piece under the cutting of laser cutting head 81;
5, workpiece conveys: rotary work-table 5 starts to transmit, and rotation servo motor 52 passes through band ear roller chain 55 and drives rotation work Rotational support item 51 on table top 56 rotates forward, and the single monolithic piece on rotation work table top 56 is delivered to the defeated of conveyer 6 It send and takes;6 servo motor of conveyer drags blanket roller and the rotation of rear roller, and workpiece on conveyer belt is transported to stacking machine 7;
6, work-piece pile: stacking machine 7 carries out stacking stacking to the workpiece of well cutting, when stacking reaches stacking capacity, sensor hair Signal out, production line hesitation, after being placed into specified region using the workpiece that fork truck folds heap, stacking machine 7 resets, laser Cutting production line restarts to produce.
In the present invention, in the specific implementation, material frame, feeder, expects cutting area, rotary work-table, conveyer at levelling machine only It is arranged along the longitudinal direction with stacking machine, i.e., the axis of each working cell is on same straight line;Feeder expects cutting area only, turns It is respectively arranged with servo motor in dynamic workbench and conveyer, servo motor fortune is controlled by control circuit by the control centre It is dynamic to carry out plate cutting to control each unit movement, net material cutting area and rotary work-table and laser cutting head assembly cooperation; It should be noted that laser cutting head assembly works under cut-sytle pollination process control, specifically, each servo motor and control System electrical connection processed, laser head distance when cut-sytle pollination program can set workpieces processing standard, laser cutting head cutting point, cutting Auxiliary gas type, auxiliary gas atmosphere, laser cutting head assembly maximum cutting power, cutting are used when panel height, cutting The specific working process parameter such as residence time, about specific structure, the installation and application of laser cutting head assembly, this field skill Art personnel can carry out adaptability selection according to plate source, the shape, size and thickness requirement that need to cut to obtain workpiece, and according to Workpieces processing needs the cut-sytle pollination program for selecting to adapt to, and can be by plate cutting on material cutting area only and rotary work-table Qualified workpiece, details are not described herein again.
Relative to existing laser cutting device, laser cutting device of the invention is using the feeding that floating clamp is arranged Machine, while self-feeding can automatic deviation correction, plate is accurately delivered to net material cutting area;Net material cutting area, preceding net material cutting Block and rear net material cutting block realize that plate is accurately positioned, and ensure that the cutting accuracy of net material cutting;Rotary work-table, collection branch Workpiece and conveying work pieces function and one are supportted, supports workpiece to be cut when static, the workpiece of well cutting is delivered to by when rotation Conveyer realizes automatic blanking;It cuts workpiece and stacking machine is delivered to by conveyer, the workpiece of well cutting is stacked automatically, it is real Existing automatic lifting material stock.Therefore, laser cutting device of the invention, loading and unloading are automatically performed by equipment, make laser cutting device The fast advantage of laser cutting speed can be given full play to continuous work, reduce the number of operation machine, reduce labor intensity, mention High efficiency.
Embodiment two:
Figure 16 shows another laser cutting device overall structure of the invention, laser cutting device be equipped with main lathe bed 8 and from Following working cell i.e. material frame 1, levelling machine 2, feeder 3, net material cutting area 4, rotary work-table 5, conveyer 6 are equipped with to preceding afterwards With stacking machine 7, the net material cutting area 4 and rotary work-table 5 are fixed on together on main lathe bed 8, remaining each working cell is by ground Foot bolt fixes on the ground;Laser cutting head assembly 81 is additionally provided on main lathe bed 8, laser cutting head assembly 81 is set to net material 5 top of cutting area 4 and rotary work-table;
As shown in figs. 17-18, feeder 3 is equipped with feeding bed piece 301 and feeding carrying roller 302 to the feeder 3 of laser cutting device, The feeding carrying roller 301 is set to 301 rear end of feeding bed piece;The feeding carrying roller 301 is equipped with feeding roller rack 303,4-9 The feeding idler pipe 305 of feeding roller carrier shaft 304 and the corresponding carrying roller number of axle;303 arc frame of feeding roller rack is set to feeding Between bed piece 301 and ground, the upper end of feeding roller rack 303 is fixed on feeding bed piece 301, and lower end is fixed on ground On;Feeding roller carrier shaft 304 is uniformly arranged on feeding roller rack 303, and each idler pipe 305 is arranged in feeding roller carrier shaft 304 On;
It is equipped with feeding table top 313 on feeding bed piece 301, front block 308 is respectively set in 313 rear and front end of feeding table top With rear portion block 309, feeding servo motor 300, feeding ball-screw 307 is respectively set in 313 lower part of feeding table top;It is described to send Expect that ball-screw 307 is longitudinally disposed, the rear and front end of feeding ball-screw 307 is connected with feeding bed piece 301 respectively, and feeding is watched It takes motor 300 to be arranged on feeding bed piece 301, feeding servo motor 300 is connect with feeding ball-screw 307;
Rear portion block 309 and front block 308 are respectively positioned on feeding table top 313, and rear portion block 309 and front block 308 are longitudinal It is arranged symmetrically;Rear portion block 309 and front block 308 are provided with 1-2 pairs;Front block 308 is matched on feeding table top 313 to be arranged It is equipped with front block track 3351, front block ball-screw 3331, the mating setting on feeding table top 313 of rear portion block 309 There are rear portion block track 3352, rear portion block ball-screw 3332;The front block track 3351 and rear portion block track 3352 laterally settings, the left and right ends of front block track 3351 and rear portion block track 3352 respectively with feeding bed piece 301 It is connected;Front block ball-screw 3331 passes through the front block 308 and is set on front block track 3351, Mei Duiqian Portion's block 308 is to being centrally disposed on corresponding front block track 3351;Rear portion block ball-screw 3332 pass through it is described after Portion's block 309 is simultaneously set on rear portion block track 3352, and each pair of rear portion block 309 is to being centrally disposed in corresponding rear portion block On track 3352;
The feeder 3 is additionally provided with feeding track 314, feeding crossbeam 310 and floating clamp 312;Feeding crossbeam 310 is set to feeding The top of table top 313, feeding crossbeam 310 can be moved forward and backward along feeding track 314 when work;Feeding track 314, which is longitudinally disposed at, to be sent Expect 313 lower section of table top, feeding track 314 is the prograde orbit for being symmetrically set in 301 longitudinal axis two sides of feeding bed piece, described to send The rear and front end of material track 314 is connected with feeding bed piece 301 respectively, and the feeding ball-screw 307 is arranged in feeding track 314 side or bottoms are equipped with slide carriage 306 in 314 upper end of feeding track, and the slide carriage 306 is crossed on the parallel of feeding track 314 On track, slide carriage 306 is connected by feeding track 314 with feeding bed piece 301, and 310 left and right ends of feeding crossbeam extend downwardly And symmetrical bolt is fixed on slide carriage 306, slide carriage 306 is connected by nut with feeding ball-screw 307;Under working condition, send Expect that servo motor 300 drives feeding ball-screw 307 to move, so that slide carriage 306 be driven to move, is fixed on sending on slide carriage 306 Expect that crossbeam 310 is moved with slide carriage 306 simultaneously;
Floating clamp 312 is equipped with upper clamp and lower clamp, longitudinally disposed wide with 314 position of feeding track on feeding table top 313 Spend matched orbit space 316;The pedestal of floating clamp 312 is mounted on slide carriage 306, is moved forward and backward with slide carriage 306;
The guide rail bolt of upper clamp is fixed on 310 middle position of feeding crossbeam;
As shown in figure 19, feeder 3 is equipped with retaining crossbeam 332, is provided with retaining clamp 336 below retaining crossbeam 332;Retaining is horizontal Beam 332 is located between feeding table top 313 and feeding carrying roller 301;332 left and right ends of retaining crossbeam are fixed on individual cross beam frame On 339, edge and feeding table top 313 are highly adapted in 339 bottom level of cross beam frame and feeding carrying roller 301;
As shown in figures 20-21, retaining clamp 336 is equipped with retaining upper clamp 337, retaining lower clamp 338;As shown in figure 19, retaining The corresponding cross beam frame bottom centre position for being fixed on 332 lower section of retaining crossbeam of lower clamp 338, retaining upper clamp 337 is interior to be equipped with only Connecting rod 340 is moved back, 340 lower part of retaining connecting rod connects piston pin 341, and 340 external connection crankshaft 342 of retaining connecting rod, connecting rod top is admittedly It is scheduled on 332 lower central position of retaining crossbeam;When it is implemented, on 337 lower edge of retaining upper clamp and retaining lower clamp 338 along with Locating feeding face height is suitable;When work, piston pin 341 can drive retaining connecting rod 340 to move up and down along crankshaft 342 to band Dynamic retaining upper clamp 337 moves up and down;
The structure of the floating clamp 312 of this laser cutting device, net material cutting area 4, rotary work-table 5, conveyer 6 and stacking machine With working method with embodiment one.
This laser cutting device works in this way:
1, plate prepares: dicing plate volume will be needed to be located on material frame 1, after smoothing by levelling machine 2, plate is by feeding carrying roller Feeder 3 is sent into 302 supports;
2, automatic charging: the tilting member 321 of floating clamp 312 drives on feeder 3, and connecting rod 327 moves up the lower pincers of drive Body 319, which is moved upwards, clamps plate front end with about 318 upper clamp;Feeding servo motor 300 drives feeding ball-screw 307 to transport It is dynamic, make slide carriage 306 that feeding crossbeam 310 be driven to move forward and backward along 301 longitudinal direction of feeding bed piece, the cooperation of floating clamp 312 is sent Material crossbeam 310 moves in orbit space 316, and floating clamp 312 and feeding crossbeam 310 is made to be moved to 313 rear end of feeding table top; Feeding carrying roller 302 drives plate to transport to 301 direction of feeding bed piece by the frictional force between plate and feeding idler pipe 305 It is dynamic;At this point, plate front end limits left-right position by front block 308, plate rear end limits left-right position by rear portion block 309, Plate is accurately positioned on feeding table top 313, when feeding glances off, floating clamp or so floating automatic deviation correction;Plate by Feeder 3 enters net material cutting area 4;
3, plate retaining: since plate is continuous plate face, rear end, which does not cut plate and can pull front plate, causes plate to retreat, shadow Accurate positioning of the cutting plate on cutting off machine is rung, retaining clamp 336 starts work at this time, and plug pin 341 drives retaining connecting rod 340 move down that retaining upper clamp 337 is driven to move down along crankshaft 342, clamp plate together with retaining lower clamp 338, keep away Exempt from plate retrogressing;
4, net material cutting: the plate for being delivered to net material cutting area 4 starts to expect cutting only, and rotary work-table 5 supports net material cutting area 4 Sheet material workpiece carry out net material cutting, plate carries out workpiece shapes size and tentatively cut without cutting plate;Net material cutting terminates Afterwards, the plug pin 341 of retaining clamp 336 drives retaining connecting rod 340 to move up drive retaining upper clamp 337 along crankshaft 342 and moves up, retaining Upper clamp 337 is separated with about 338 retaining lower clamp;
5, rotary work-table is cut: feeder 3 continues feeding, is moved to net material cutting area 4 at sheet material, the plate after net material cutting Material is moved to the rotation work table top 56 of rotary work-table 5 simultaneously, continues to form single monolithic piece under the cutting of laser cutting head 81;
6, workpiece conveys: rotary work-table 5 starts to transmit, and rotation servo motor 52 passes through band ear roller chain 55 and drives rotation work Rotational support item 51 on table top 56 rotates forward, and the single monolithic piece on rotation work table top 56 is delivered to the defeated of conveyer 6 It send and takes;6 servo motor of conveyer drags blanket roller and the rotation of rear roller, and workpiece on conveyer belt is transported to stacking machine 7;
7, work-piece pile: stacking machine 7 carries out stacking stacking to the workpiece of well cutting, when stacking reaches stacking capacity, sensor hair Signal out, production line hesitation, after being placed into specified region using the workpiece that fork truck folds heap, stacking machine 7 resets, laser Cutting production line restarts to produce.
In present embodiment, the feeder of floating clamp is set, while self-feeding can automatic deviation correction, plate is accurate It is delivered to net material cutting area;Net material cutting area, preceding net material cutting block and rear net material cutting block realize that plate is accurately positioned, and It works in conjunction with the retaining of retaining clamp, ensure that the cutting accuracy of net material cutting;Rotary work-table realizes that plate is cut completely, and The workpiece of well cutting is delivered to conveyer, realizes automatic blanking;It cuts workpiece and stacking machine is delivered to by conveyer, will cut Good workpiece stacks automatically, realizes automatic lifting material stock.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of laser cutting device, it is characterised in that:
The laser cutting device is equipped with main lathe bed (8) and is equipped with feeder (3), only material cutting area (4) and rotation from rear to preceding Workbench (5), the net material cutting area (4) and rotary work-table (5) are fixed on together on main lathe bed (8), and feeder (3) is fixed On the ground;Laser cutting head assembly (81) is additionally provided on main lathe bed (8), laser cutting head assembly (81) is set to net material cutting Above area (4) and rotary work-table (5);
The feeder (3) is equipped with feeding bed piece (301) and feeding carrying roller (302), and the feeding carrying roller (302) is set to feeding Bed piece (301) rear end;The feeding carrying roller (302) be equipped with feeding roller rack (303), 4-9 feeding roller carrier shaft (304) and The feeding idler pipe (305) of the corresponding carrying roller number of axle;Feeding roller rack (303) arc frame is set to feeding bed piece (301) Between ground, the upper end of feeding roller rack (303) is fixed on feeding bed piece (301), and lower end fixes on the ground;On Material torr roll shaft (304) is uniformly arranged on feeding roller rack (303), and each idler pipe (305) is arranged in feeding roller carrier shaft (304) on;
Feeding table top (313) are equipped on feeding bed piece (301), front is respectively set in feeding table top (313) rear and front end Feeding servo motor (300), feeding rolling is respectively set in feeding table top (313) lower part in block (308) and rear portion block (309) Ballscrew (307);The feeding ball-screw (307) is longitudinally disposed, the rear and front end of feeding ball-screw (307) respectively with give Expect that bed piece (301) are connected, feeding servo motor (300) is arranged on feeding bed piece (301), feeding servo motor (300) It is connect with feeding ball-screw (307);
The rear portion block (309) and front block (308) are respectively positioned on feeding table top (313), rear portion block (309) and front Block (308) longitudinally asymmetric arrangement;Rear portion block (309) and front block (308) are provided with 1-2 pairs;Front block (308) exists It is mating on feeding table top (313) to be provided with front block track (3351), front block ball-screw (3331), rear portion block (309) mating on feeding table top (313) to be provided with rear portion block track (3352), rear portion block ball-screw (3332);Institute It states front block track (3351) and rear portion block track (3352) is laterally arranged, front block track (3351) and rear portion block The left and right ends of track (3352) are connected with feeding bed piece (301) respectively;Front block ball-screw (3331) passes through described Front block (308) is simultaneously set on front block track (3351), and each pair of front block (308) is corresponding to being centrally disposed in On front block track (3351);Rear portion block ball-screw (3332) passes through the rear portion block (309) and is set to rear portion On block track (3352), each pair of rear portion block (309) is to being centrally disposed on corresponding rear portion block track (3352);
The feeder (3) is additionally provided with feeding track (314), feeding crossbeam (310) and floating clamp (312), feeding crossbeam (310) it is set to above feeding table top (313), feeding crossbeam (310) can be moved forward and backward along feeding track (314) when work;It is described Feeding track (314) is longitudinally disposed at below feeding table top (313), and feeding track (314) is to be symmetrically set in feeding bed piece (301) prograde orbit of longitudinal axis two sides, the rear and front end of the feeding track (314) respectively with feeding bed piece (301) It is connected, the feeding ball-screw (307) is arranged in feeding track (314) side or bottom, sets in feeding track (314) upper end Have slide carriage (306), the slide carriage (306) is crossed on the prograde orbit of feeding track (314), and slide carriage (306) passes through feeding rail Road (314) is connected with feeding bed piece (301), and feeding crossbeam (310) left and right ends extend downwardly and are symmetrically fixed on slide carriage (306) on, slide carriage (306) is connected by nut with ball-screw;
The floating clamp (312) is equipped with upper clamp (318), lower clamp (319), connecting rod (327), eccentric wheel (320), swing part Part and pedestal (330) are equipped with mounting plate (328) between lower clamp (319) and connecting rod (327);
Longitudinally disposed and feeding track (314) matched orbit space of position width (316) on feeding table top (313);It is described The pedestal (330) of floating clamp (312) is mounted on slide carriage (306);
Spring-loaded plunger (322) are equipped in the upper clamp (318), connect guide rail (323) inside spring-loaded plunger (322), guide rail (323) bolt is fixed on feeding crossbeam (310) middle position;Upper jaw is installed in spring-loaded plunger (322) bottom (324), upper jaw (3224) bottom surface is smooth, and upper jaw (324) is fixed with spring-loaded plunger (322) bolt;
Second spring plunger (325) are equipped in the lower clamp (319), the internal connection sliding block of second spring plunger (325) (326);Sliding block (326) lower bolt is fixed on the mounting plate (328);Connecting rod (327) is located at the mounting plate (328) lower part, mounting plate (328) is internal to be equipped with pin block, and connecting rod (327) passes through bolt and pin block connection plate (328);Even It is arranged outside bar (327) eccentric (320), eccentric wheel (320) is equipped with jackshaft, the drive shaft and eccentric wheel of the tilting member (320) it is connected by flat key;Connecting rod (327) bottom is connected on pedestal (330);At the top of second spring plunger (325) It is installed with lower jaw (329), lower jaw (329) top surface is smooth, and lower jaw (329) is fixed with second spring plunger (325) bolt; The upper jaw (324) is oppositely arranged up and down with the lower jaw (329);
The net material cutting area (4) is equipped with more than two net material cuttings support bar (41), net material cutting servo motor (42) and keeps off Only mounting base;Block mounting base left and right ends bolt is fixed on main lathe bed (8), and block mounting base is equipped with along net material cutting Two of area (4) longitudinally asymmetric arrangement, i.e., preceding block mounting base (431) and rear block mounting base (432);Multiple net material Cutting support bar (41) parallel longitudinal direction is fixed in preceding block mounting base (431) and rear block mounting base (432), and all net material are cut Cut branch stay (41) is arranged on sustained height, and the upper plane of all net material cuttings support bar (41) constitutes net material cutting area (4) Workbench main body (44), net material cutting servo motor (42) is set on the main lathe bed (8) on rear side of workbench main body (44);Before Block mounting base (431) is equipped with 1-2 to preceding net material cutting block (451), and rear block mounting base (432) is equipped with rear net material cutting gear It is symmetrical before and after only (452), rear net material cutting block (452) and preceding net material cutting block (451);Net material cutting block before each pair of (451 along preceding block mounting base (431) to center arrangement, net material cutting block (452) is along rear block mounting base (432) after each pair of To center arrangement;Net material cutting ball screw (461) and nut before preceding net material cutting block (451) lower part installation, nut with Preceding net material cutting block (451) connection, preceding net material cutting ball screw (461) connect with net material cutting servo motor (42);? It is net afterwards to expect to expect that cutting ball screw (462) and nut, nut expect cutting block with rear only only after cutting block (452) lower part is installed (452) it connects, rear net material cutting ball screw (462) connect with net material cutting servo motor (42);
The rotary work-table (5) is equipped with more than two rotational support items (51), rotation servo motor (52), chain strip holder rail (53) With Support bracket (54);Support bracket (54) is set there are three the above lateral bracket (541) and three longitudinal brackets (542), lateral Bracket (541) is identical with longitudinal bracket (542) height, and each lateral bracket (541) left and right ends bolt is fixed on main lathe bed (8) On, three longitudinal brackets (542) are uniformly arranged on the centre and the left and right sides of main lathe bed (8), longitudinal support of the left and right sides respectively Frame bolt is fixed on main lathe bed (8), and intermediate longitudinal bracket (542) is arranged on each lateral bracket (541) axis, each longitudinal direction Bracket and each lateral bracket (541) integrally molded composition Support bracket (54), are fixed on main lathe bed (8) for Support bracket (54) On;The longitudinal direction bracket (542) is respectively equipped with chain strip holder rail (53) up and down, the installation band ear roller on the chain strip holder rail (53) Chain (55), rotation servo motor (52) be arranged on the main lathe bed (8) of Support bracket (54) front end, rotation servo motor (52) with Band ear roller chain (55) connects;Multiple rotational support items (51) are secured transverse to respectively on band ear roller chain (55), are turned The left and right ends of dynamic support bar (51) are individually fixed on band ear roller chain (55) of side chain strip holder rail (532), rotational support The center of item (51) is fixed on band ear roller chain (55) of intermediate chain strip holder rail (531);All rotational support items (51) it is upper Plane constitutes the rotation work table top (56) of rotary work-table (5), the work of the rotation work table top (56) and net material cutting area (4) It is consistent to make platform main body (44) height;The lateral bracket (541) at Support bracket (54) rear portion is equipped with rearward sprocket seat (57).
2. laser cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the upper jaw (324) and the lower jaw (329) shape size is consistent.
3. laser cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: upper jaw (324) and lower jaw (329) use Ultra-hard abrasive material mould steel is made.
4. laser cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the tilting member be oscillating cylinder (321), Oscillating motor or oscillating motor.
5. laser cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the feeder (3) is equipped with retaining crossbeam (332), retaining clamp (336) are provided with below retaining crossbeam (332);Retaining crossbeam (332) is located at feeding table top (313) and upper Between material torr roller (302);Retaining crossbeam (332) left and right ends are fixed on individual cross beam frame (339), the cross beam frame (339) on bottom level and feeding carrying roller (302) along and feeding table top (313) height is adapted or retaining crossbeam (332) is set In feeding table top (313) rear end, bolt is fixed on feeding table top (313) left and right respectively for retaining crossbeam (332) left and right ends Two sides;
The retaining clamp (336) is equipped with retaining upper clamp (337), retaining lower clamp (338);Retaining lower clamp (338) is corresponding It is fixed on the cross beam frame bottom centre position below retaining crossbeam (332) or feeding table top (313) transverse center position, retaining Retaining connecting rod (340) are equipped in upper clamp (337), retaining connecting rod (340) lower part connects piston pin (341), retaining connecting rod (340) External connection crankshaft (342), connecting rod top are fixed on retaining crossbeam (332) lower central position.
6. laser cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the feeding table top (313) of the feeder (3) For brush plate plane.
7. laser cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the net material of the net material cutting area (4) is cut Support bar (41) uses wave-shape board.
8. laser cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: before described net material cutting block (451) and after The vertical direction of net material cutting block (452) is equipped with Cam Follower (47).
9. laser cutting device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the rotary work-table of the laser cutting device (5) front end is provided with conveyer (6), and stacking machine (7) are arranged in conveyer (6) front end;
The stacking machine blade assemblies (75) that the stacking machine (7) is equipped with rack (700) and is fixed on rack (700), rack (700) rear and front end is respectively equipped with front beam (701) and rear cross beam (702), divides on front beam (701) and rear cross beam (702) It is not symmetrically arranged with preceding cross slide way (703) and rear cross slide way (704), the left and right ends of rack are symmetrically arranged with left longitudinal direction and lead Rail (705) and right longitudinal rail (706);The rear cross beam (702) is fixed on rack (700) rear end, and the front beam (701) is left Right both ends are located on left longitudinal rail (705) and right longitudinal rail (706), and front beam (701) can be along left longitudinal rail (705) It is moved forward and backward with right longitudinal rail (706);
Cylinder mounting plate (74) and stacking push plate (72), stacking are set on preceding cross slide way (703) and rear cross slide way (704) Push plate (72) quantity is twice of cylinder mounting plate (74), installs cylinder (73) on cylinder mounting plate (74);The stacking pushes away Plate (72) is arranged in pairs, and stacking push plate (72) is at least provided with 3 pairs, one of connection cylinder of each pair of stacking push plate (72) (73), another is mounted on preceding cross slide way (703) or rear cross slide way (704);The stacking push plate (72), at least one To being centrally disposed on preceding cross slide way (703) and two stacking push plate plate faces are perpendicular to preceding cross slide way (703), a pair of of centering The heart is set on rear cross slide way (704) and two stacking push plate plate faces are perpendicular to rear cross slide way (704), and a pair is respectively arranged at On preceding cross slide way (703) and rear cross slide way (704) and two stacking push plate plate faces be respectively parallel to preceding cross slide way (703) and Two push plate plate faces of cross slide way (704) afterwards, above-mentioned each pair of stacking push plate (72) are opposite in parallel;
Blanking platform (71) are equipped with above stacking machine blade assemblies (75), stacking machine blade assemblies (75) support blanking platform (71);Sensor (76) are equipped with below blanking platform (71), stacking machine blade assemblies (75) are equipped with elevator (77) and electricity Machine (78);
The stacking machine blade assemblies (75) are along the longitudinally arranged 3-8 transverse slat of rack (700), and each transverse slat left and right ends are fixed In in rack;At least one in the transverse slat connects below blanking platform (71) and supports blanking platform (71).
10. laser cutting device according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: elevator (77) is chain-type elevator, if There are roller chain (791) and sprocket wheel (79), roller chain (791) is set on sprocket wheel (79), and motor (78) is connect with sprocket wheel (79).
CN201910558267.5A 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 A kind of laser cutting device Pending CN110170752A (en)

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CN201910558267.5A CN110170752A (en) 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 A kind of laser cutting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910558267.5A CN110170752A (en) 2019-06-26 2019-06-26 A kind of laser cutting device

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CN110170752A true CN110170752A (en) 2019-08-27

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111660017A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-09-15 莱芜钢铁集团有限公司 Multifunctional cutting and welding integrated machine
CN111843183A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-10-30 大族激光科技产业集团股份有限公司 Automatic laser cutting device and cutting method
CN112008220A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-12-01 湖南泰川宏业有限公司 Automatic conveying spot welding machine for nuts
CN112496554A (en) * 2020-11-28 2021-03-16 广州诺星智能科技有限公司 Laser cutting equipment convenient to material loading
CN112809205A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-05-18 广西鑫润精密机械有限公司 Optical fiber laser manufacturing method of stainless steel screen mesh
CN113001035A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-06-22 孙洪达 Aluminum alloy cutting mechanism
CN113523489A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-10-22 中冶(上海)钢结构科技有限公司 Guide structure facilitating rapid plate feeding of gantry cutting machine and implementation method of guide structure

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111843183A (en) * 2020-06-19 2020-10-30 大族激光科技产业集团股份有限公司 Automatic laser cutting device and cutting method
CN111660017A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-09-15 莱芜钢铁集团有限公司 Multifunctional cutting and welding integrated machine
CN112008220A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-12-01 湖南泰川宏业有限公司 Automatic conveying spot welding machine for nuts
CN112008220B (en) * 2020-08-18 2022-04-08 湖南泰川宏业有限公司 Automatic conveying spot welding machine for nuts
CN112496554A (en) * 2020-11-28 2021-03-16 广州诺星智能科技有限公司 Laser cutting equipment convenient to material loading
CN113001035A (en) * 2020-12-08 2021-06-22 孙洪达 Aluminum alloy cutting mechanism
CN112809205A (en) * 2021-02-05 2021-05-18 广西鑫润精密机械有限公司 Optical fiber laser manufacturing method of stainless steel screen mesh
CN112809205B (en) * 2021-02-05 2022-11-01 广西鑫润精密机械有限公司 Optical fiber laser manufacturing method of stainless steel screen mesh
CN113523489A (en) * 2021-06-30 2021-10-22 中冶(上海)钢结构科技有限公司 Guide structure facilitating rapid plate feeding of gantry cutting machine and implementation method of guide structure

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