CN110158404A - A kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface - Google Patents

A kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110158404A
CN110158404A CN201910503456.2A CN201910503456A CN110158404A CN 110158404 A CN110158404 A CN 110158404A CN 201910503456 A CN201910503456 A CN 201910503456A CN 110158404 A CN110158404 A CN 110158404A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
permeable
layer
pervious
roadbed
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910503456.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢术福
车延飞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Xiangyang Shui Mu City Planning And Design Research Institute
Original Assignee
Beijing Xiangyang Shui Mu City Planning And Design Research Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Xiangyang Shui Mu City Planning And Design Research Institute filed Critical Beijing Xiangyang Shui Mu City Planning And Design Research Institute
Priority to CN201910503456.2A priority Critical patent/CN110158404A/en
Publication of CN110158404A publication Critical patent/CN110158404A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/224Surface drainage of streets
    • E01C11/225Paving specially adapted for through-the-surfacing drainage, e.g. perforated, porous; Preformed paving elements comprising, or adapted to form, passageways for carrying off drainage
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C5/00Pavings made of prefabricated single units
    • E01C5/04Pavings made of prefabricated single units made of bricks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C2201/00Paving elements
    • E01C2201/20Drainage details

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surfaces, including roadbed, the top of the roadbed two sides offers several permeable holes, semi-permeable pipe is fixedly connected in the middle part of the roadbed, concrete cushion is fixedly connected at the top of the roadbed, permeable structure bed course is fixedly connected at the top of the concrete cushion, pervious concrete layer is fixedly connected at the top of the permeable structure bed course, coarse grain asphalt layer is fixedly connected at the top of the pervious concrete layer, asphalt paving layer is fixedly connected at the top of the coarse grain asphalt layer.The urban express way pervious ecological road surface, rainwater is penetrated into inside permeable structure bed course by pervious concrete layer, asphalt paving layer and water-permeable brick, rainwater is directly penetrated into inside greenbelt around, to meet vegetation irrigation, reduce the cost of man-made irrigation, water resource is saved, and rainwater enters in soil by permeable hole, can directly feed to underground water.

Description

A kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface
Technical field
The present invention relates to road drainage technical fields, specially a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface.
Background technique
It is impermeable to generally use concrete brick, fired brick or the auxiliary patch of porcelain square brick, the base material of paving for pavement at present Water, so, natural precipitation can not just permeate the ground recharge of groundwater, but fully enter sewer and be directly entered rivers, Only part enters water treatment plant, on the one hand such result increases the discharge pressure of sewer, on the other hand or pollutes Rivers water system or increase water process pressure and water process expense, in addition, these materials auxiliary patch the road surface city Hui Shi temperature Degree generally improves 2 DEG C~4 DEG C, generates city " tropical island effect ", since these products are waterproof, when rain cats and dogs, road surface is arrived Locate ponding, pedestrian can not walk, and more seriously, many cities are because of underground water exhaustive exploitation, so that city part subsurface It falls into, building collapses, and seriously threatens the security of the lives and property of people, and therefore, we have proposed a kind of urban express way is permeable Ecological pavement solves the above problems.
Summary of the invention
(1) the technical issues of solving
In view of the deficiencies of the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface, has water permeability Good advantage, solves the problems, such as existing urban pavement bad hydraulic permeability.
(2) technical solution
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface, including road Base, the top of the roadbed two sides offer several permeable holes, and semi-permeable pipe, institute are fixedly connected in the middle part of the roadbed It states and is fixedly connected with concrete cushion at the top of roadbed, permeable structure bed course is fixedly connected at the top of the concrete cushion, It is fixedly connected with pervious concrete layer at the top of the permeable structure bed course, is fixedly connected at the top of the pervious concrete layer Coarse grain asphalt layer is fixedly connected with asphalt paving layer, the coarse grain at the top of the coarse grain asphalt layer Greenbelt is fixedly connected in the middle part of asphalt layer, the two sides of the asphalt paving layer are fixedly connected to curb Stone, the two sides at the top of the permeable structure bed course are fixedly connected to basal layer, are fixedly connected at the top of the basal layer broken Rock layers are fixedly connected with layer of sand at the top of the metalling, and the top of the layer of sand is uniformly fixedly connected with several water-permeable bricks.
Preferably, the diameter of the permeable hole is 6~10cm, and one end of the permeable hole extends in permeable structure bed course The other end in portion, the permeable hole extends in soil, and the inside of permeable hole is filled with pervious concrete.
Preferably, the highest point of the semi-permeable pipe is lower than the highest level face of roadbed 1, and the diameter of semi-permeable pipe is 50cm。
Preferably, the roadbed that the permeable structure bed course is 10~30mm of partial size matches rubble.
Preferably, the laying depth of the coarse grain asphalt layer is 8cm, and the laying of the asphalt paving layer is thick Degree is 5cm.
Preferably, the water-permeable brick is ceramic water-permeable brick, and the surface of the water-permeable brick is in minute asperities shape.
Preferably, the size of the water-permeable brick is 100mm*200mm*50mm, and there are the seams of 2mm between multiple water-permeable bricks Gap.
(3) beneficial effect
Compared with prior art, the present invention provides a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface, have it is following the utility model has the advantages that
The urban express way pervious ecological road surface, rainwater are seeped by pervious concrete layer, asphalt paving layer and water-permeable brick It arrives inside permeable structure bed course thoroughly, rainwater is directly penetrated into inside greenbelt around, to meet vegetation irrigation, drop The low cost of man-made irrigation has saved water resource, and rainwater enters in soil by permeable hole, can be directly to underground water It is fed, during seepage flow, multiple permeable formations can be filtered purification to the sundries in rainwater, prevent semi-permeable Pipe results in blockage, and extra rainwater enters the drainage system in city by semi-permeable pipe, realizes rain water reuse, alleviates The discharge pressure of urban pipe network achievees the purpose that maintain belowground ecosystem balance.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is structure of the invention sectional view;
Fig. 2 is structure of the invention top view.
In figure: 1 roadbed, 2 permeable holes, 3 semi-permeable pipes, 4 concrete cushions, 5 permeable structure bed courses, 6 pervious concrete layers, 7 coarse grain asphalt layers, 8 asphalt paving layers, 9 greenbelts, 10 kerbstones, 11 basal layers, 12 metallings, 13 layers of sand, 14 water-permeable bricks.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface referring to FIG. 1-2, including roadbed 1, the top of 1 two sides of roadbed Portion offers several permeable holes 2, and the middle part of the roadbed 1 is fixedly connected with semi-permeable pipe 3, and semi-permeable pipe 3 is with city Lower drainage pipe is connected, and can be collected to extra rainwater by semi-permeable pipe 3, so that rainwater is reused, saves Water resource, the top of the roadbed 1 are fixedly connected with concrete cushion 4, and the top of the concrete cushion 4 is fixedly connected with Permeable structure bed course 5, the top of the permeable structure bed course 5 are fixedly connected with pervious concrete layer 6, the pervious concrete layer 6 top is fixedly connected with coarse grain asphalt layer 7, and the top of the coarse grain asphalt layer 7 is fixedly connected with permeable Blacktop 8, asphalt paving layer 8 are alleviated the burden of sewerage system, are kept away due to itself good water permeable ability Exempt from rainwater and cause flood, the middle part of the coarse grain asphalt layer 7 is fixedly connected with greenbelt 9, the pervious asphalt The two sides of supercrust 8 are fixedly connected to kerbstone 10, and the two sides at 5 top of permeable structure bed course are fixedly connected to basis Layer 11, the top of the basal layer 11 is fixedly connected with metalling 12, and the top of the metalling 12 is fixedly connected with layer of sand 13, The top of the layer of sand 13 is uniformly fixedly connected with several water-permeable bricks 14, basal layer 11, metalling 12, layer of sand 13 and water-permeable brick 14 It is successively laid with from top to bottom, rainwater can smoothly circulate when ensure that rainy, avoid surface gathered water, alleviate city flood discharge burden.
The diameter of the permeable hole 2 is 6~10cm, and one end of the permeable hole 2 extends to inside permeable structure bed course 5, The other end of the permeable hole 2 extends in soil, and the inside of permeable hole 2 is filled with pervious concrete, when rainwater enters When the inside of permeable hole 2, be conducive to the seepage flow of rainwater, achieve the purpose that alleviate rainwater pressure;The highest point of the semi-permeable pipe 3 Lower than the highest level face of roadbed 1, be conducive to the inside that rainwater is flowed into semi-permeable pipe 3, so that extra rainwater is effectively received Collection, and the diameter of semi-permeable pipe 3 is 50cm;The roadbed that the permeable structure bed course 5 is 10~30mm of partial size matches rubble, can be right Rainwater carries out purification and impurity removal, so as to recharge groundwater;The laying depth of the coarse grain asphalt layer 7 is 8cm, described The laying depth of asphalt paving layer 8 is 5cm;The water-permeable brick 14 be ceramic water-permeable brick, the permeability rate of ceramic water-permeable brick and The service life is longer, can absorb moisture and heat, can alleviate urban heat land effect, road table temperature is effectively reduced, described permeable The surface of brick 14 is in minute asperities shape, can prevent pavement reflecting, the noise generated when absorbing vehicle driving;The water-permeable brick 14 Size be 100mm*200mm*50mm, and there are the gaps of 2mm between multiple water-permeable bricks 14 is conducive to rainwater when rainy It can permeate the ground from the gap between multiple water-permeable bricks 14, accelerate the seepage flow efficiency of rainwater.
The principle of the invention and advantage: rainwater penetrates into coarse grain asphalt layer 7 by asphalt paving layer 8, and A part of rainwater penetrates into the inside of greenbelt 9, provides rainwater so as to the growth for vegetation and irrigates, the rainwater on pavement The inside that permeable structure layer 5 is penetrated by water-permeable brick 14, layer of sand 13, metalling 12 and basal layer 11, during seepage flow, Permeable structure bed course 5, metalling 12 and layer of sand 13 can be filtered purification to the sundries in rainwater, prevent from blocking semi-permeable pipe 3, and rainwater can be fed directly as underground water, when rainwater enters permeable structure 5 inside of bed course, and then can be incited somebody to action Rainwater is tentatively stored, since the highest point of semi-permeable pipe 3 is lower than the highest level face of roadbed 1, so that rainwater is by infiltration It is flowed into the inside of semi-permeable pipe 3, so that rainwater is collected into pipeline, semi-permeable pipe 3 is and urban underground water drainage pipe road phase Even, so as to effectively be collected to rainwater, city flood discharge burden is alleviated, rainwater can also pass through permeable structure bed course 5 Infiltration flows into the inside of permeable hole 2, is extended in the soil except roadbed 1 due to one end of permeable hole 2, so that rainwater seeps Thoroughly into soil, so that in multiple places seepage flow occurs for rainwater, osmotic efficiency is improved, road surface of the invention is when being laid with, road The two sides in face also need to be laid with conventional lower well structure and other conventional plants, conventional lower well and semi-permeable pipe 3 Connection, convenient for draining of road surface water when big.
In conclusion the urban express way pervious ecological road surface, rainwater passes through pervious concrete layer 6, pervious asphalt road Surface layer 8 and water-permeable brick 14 penetrate into inside permeable structure bed course 5, and rainwater is directly penetrated into inside greenbelt 9 around, To meet vegetation irrigation, the cost of man-made irrigation is reduced, has saved water resource, and rainwater enters soil by permeable hole 2 In earth, directly underground water can be fed, during seepage flow, multiple permeable formations can carry out the sundries in rainwater Filtration, purification prevents semi-permeable pipe 3 from resulting in blockage, and extra rainwater enters the drainage system in city by semi-permeable pipe 3, Rain water reuse is realized, the discharge pressure of urban pipe network is alleviated, achievees the purpose that maintain belowground ecosystem balance.
It should be noted that, in this document, relational terms such as first and second and the like are used merely to a reality Body or operation are distinguished with another entity or operation, are deposited without necessarily requiring or implying between these entities or operation In any actual relationship or order or sequence.Moreover, the terms "include", "comprise" or its any other variant are intended to Non-exclusive inclusion, so that the process, method, article or equipment including a series of elements is not only wanted including those Element, but also including other elements that are not explicitly listed, or further include for this process, method, article or equipment Intrinsic element.In the absence of more restrictions, the element limited by sentence "including a ...", it is not excluded that There is also other identical elements in process, method, article or equipment including the element.
It although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of variations, modification, replacement can be carried out to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface, including roadbed (1), it is characterised in that: the top of roadbed (1) two sides Portion offers several permeable holes (2), is fixedly connected with semi-permeable pipe (3) in the middle part of the roadbed (1), the roadbed (1) Top be fixedly connected with concrete cushion (4), be fixedly connected with permeable structure bed course at the top of the concrete cushion (4) (5), it is fixedly connected with pervious concrete layer (6) at the top of the permeable structure bed course (5), the pervious concrete layer (6) Top is fixedly connected with coarse grain asphalt layer (7), is fixedly connected at the top of the coarse grain asphalt layer (7) permeable Blacktop (8) is fixedly connected with greenbelt (9) in the middle part of the coarse grain asphalt layer (7), the pervious asphalt road The two sides of surface layer (8) are fixedly connected to kerbstone (10), and the two sides at the top of the permeable structure bed course (5) are fixedly connected to Basal layer (11) is fixedly connected with metalling (12) at the top of the basal layer (11), and the top of the metalling (12) is fixed It is connected with layer of sand (13), the top of the layer of sand (13) is uniformly fixedly connected with several water-permeable bricks (14).
2. a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the permeable hole (2) diameter is 6~10cm, and one end of the permeable hole (2) extends to permeable structure bed course (5) inside, the permeable hole (2) The other end extend in soil, and the inside of permeable hole (2) be filled with pervious concrete.
3. a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the semi-permeable pipe (3) highest point is lower than the highest level face of roadbed (1), and the diameter of semi-permeable pipe (3) is 50cm.
4. a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the permeable structure The roadbed that bed course (5) is 10~30mm of partial size matches rubble.
5. a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the coarse grain pitch The laying depth for mixing the bed of material (7) is 8cm, and the laying depth of the asphalt paving layer (8) is 5cm.
6. a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the water-permeable brick It (14) is ceramic water-permeable brick, the surface of the water-permeable brick (14) is in minute asperities shape.
7. a kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the water-permeable brick (14) size is 100mm*200mm*50mm, and there are the gaps of 2mm between multiple water-permeable bricks (14).
CN201910503456.2A 2019-06-11 2019-06-11 A kind of urban express way pervious ecological road surface Pending CN110158404A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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