CN110153281A - A kind of simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring - Google Patents

A kind of simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110153281A
CN110153281A CN201810095279.4A CN201810095279A CN110153281A CN 110153281 A CN110153281 A CN 110153281A CN 201810095279 A CN201810095279 A CN 201810095279A CN 110153281 A CN110153281 A CN 110153281A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
bolt
square tube
mould bases
shroud ring
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810095279.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李京安
郭建春
葛立
陈书启
单保密
Original Assignee
山东金马工业集团机械锻造厂
山东金马工业集团股份有限公司
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Publication date
Application filed by 山东金马工业集团机械锻造厂, 山东金马工业集团股份有限公司 filed Critical 山东金马工业集团机械锻造厂
Priority to CN201810095279.4A priority Critical patent/CN110153281A/en
Publication of CN110153281A publication Critical patent/CN110153281A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D19/00Flanging or other edge treatment, e.g. of tubes
    • B21D19/08Flanging or other edge treatment, e.g. of tubes by single or successive action of pressing tools, e.g. vice jaws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D37/00Tools as parts of machines covered by this subclass
    • B21D37/10Die sets; Pillar guides
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D43/00Feeding, positioning or storing devices combined with, or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, apparatus for working or processing sheet metal, metal tubes or metal profiles; Associations therewith of cutting devices
    • B21D43/003Positioning devices

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of simultaneous manufacturing devices of square tube shroud ring, including mould frame mechanism and linkage pressing mechanism, and the mould frame mechanism includes mould bases upper plate, guide sleeve, guide post, guide post fixing seat and mould bases lower plate;The linkage pressing mechanism includes upper punch, upper mounted plate, middle upper plate, upper elastic body, sliding block, fixture block, middle lower plate, low punch, bottom plate and lower elastic body.The simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring of the present invention, it is positioned in process of production using clamped one time, good positioning consistency, it fundamentally ensure that the Geometrical Tolerance Principle of hoop body and square through hole, and both ends hoop body height and the symmetry of hoop body are high, hoop body rule, surface roughness is low, flawless warping defects, square tube shroud ring hoop body consistency is high, ensure that the quality of the subsequent assembly of iron skill.

Description

A kind of simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring

Technical field

The present invention relates to mental section forming processing technology field, the simultaneous manufacturing of specifically a kind of square tube shroud ring is filled It sets.

Background technique

Square tube shroud ring is a kind of decoration product of iron skill, it is desirable that it is naturally beautiful after molding, it is attracted clients with beautiful design Favor.The shape of square tube shroud ring is as shown in attached drawing 1-2, including square tube shroud ring ontology 100, is provided in square tube shroud ring ontology 100 Square through hole 103,101 both ends of side wall of square tube shroud ring ontology 100 be respectively set there are two protrude hoop body 102.Original side Pipe shroud ring manufacturing process is first to suppress the hoop body 102 of protrusion in one end of square tube shroud ring ontology 100, then by square tube shroud ring ontology 100 other end is pressed into the hoop body 102 of protrusion, and there are following major defects for this manufacturing process: 1, needing two in production process Secondary clamping, wherein second of Set and Positioning inaccuracy, secondary clamping positioning consistency is poor, the shape of hoop body 102 and square through hole 103 Position tolerance easily transfinites;2, the height of both ends hoop body 102 and the symmetry of hoop body 102 are poor;3, hoop body 102 is with respect to square through hole 103 It is also easy to produce and irregularly distorts, or even face crack occur;4, multiple shaping is needed, 102 surface roughness of hoop body is high, galled spots It is more;5, process is more, high production cost, economic inefficiencies;6, and after the assembly of other iron skill workpiece, global consistency is poor, shadow Ring the overall aesthetics of iron skill;7, product technology, economy and in terms of backwardness cause the market competitiveness weaker.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of simultaneous manufacturing devices of square tube shroud ring, to solve above-mentioned background technique The problem of middle proposition.

To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:

A kind of simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring, including mould frame mechanism and linkage pressing mechanism, the mould frame mechanism packet Include mould bases upper plate, guide sleeve, guide post, guide post fixing seat and mould bases lower plate, the mould bases upper plate and mould bases bottom The setting of plate parallel interval, and mould bases upper plate is located at right above mould bases lower plate, guide post is pacified vertically by guide post fixing seat On mould bases lower plate, guide sleeve is mounted on the downside of mould bases upper plate, and offered on mould bases upper plate and guide sleeve with The upper end of the guide through hole that guide post matches, guide post is inserted into guide through hole, mould bases upper plate by guide through hole with The cooperation of guide post is slidably mounted in guide post;The linkage pressing mechanism include upper punch, upper mounted plate, middle upper plate, on Elastomer, sliding block, fixture block, middle lower plate, low punch, bottom plate and lower elastic body, fixed plate are fixedly mounted on mould bases On the downside of upper plate, the upper punch is fixedly mounted on the downside of upper mounted plate center;The middle upper plate is located on the downside of upper mounted plate, on Elastomer upper plate and upper elastic body and is fixedly connected supreme between upper mounted plate and middle upper plate, in third screw bolt passes Fixed plate;The sliding block for pushing fixture block mobile is also equipped on the downside of the middle upper plate;The bottom plate is fixedly mounted on mould On the upside of frame lower plate, the low punch is fixedly mounted on the upside of bottom plate center;The middle lower plate is located on the upside of bottom plate, Lower elastic body lower plate and lower elastic body and is fixedly attached between bottom plate and middle lower plate, in the 9th screw bolt passes Bottom plate;Slideway is installed on the upside of the middle lower plate;The fixture block is slidably mounted in slideway, and slideway passes through limit sliding groove Limit direction when fixture block is moved along slideway, fixture block altogether there are two, and two fixture blocks are symmetrically mounted on slideway, on the inside of fixture block Face is provided with V-type jaw, is evagination jaw in the middle part of V-type jaw, upper and lower part is indent jaw, and the fixture block medial surface is also It is provided with spring mounting hole, the both ends of reset spring are separately mounted on two fixture blocks in corresponding two spring mounting holes; The lateral surface cammed surface of the fixture block, sliding block working face are cammed surface.

As a further solution of the present invention: the limit sliding groove is inverted L shape elongated slot.

As further scheme of the invention: the angle between two sides of the V-type jaw is 90o.

As further scheme of the invention: being arranged at intervals with two spring mounting holes on the fixture block medial surface.

As further scheme of the invention: the fixture block lower end is additionally provided with needle roller slot, and rolling is equipped in needle roller slot Needle.

As further scheme of the invention: the upper elastic body is polyurethane glue stick;The lower elastic body is poly- ammonia Ester gum stick.

As further scheme of the invention: the middle upper plate side is also equipped with the side plate for stablizing sliding block, side Plate lower end is downwardly projecting in middle upper plate bottom surface, and side plate lower end is equipped with the stabilization bolt for pushing against sliding block.

As further scheme of the invention: the slideway both ends are additionally provided with the block for limiting fixture block moving distance; Upper limit position block is also equipped on the downside of fixed plate, upper limit position block is located above middle upper plate;Also pacify on the upside of the bottom plate Equipped with lower position block, lower position block is located at below middle lower plate.

As further scheme of the invention: fixed plate is fixedly connected with mould bases upper plate by the first bolt; The upper punch is fixedly connected with upper mounted plate by the second bolt;The sliding block is fixedly connected with middle upper plate by the 5th bolt;Institute It states bottom plate and mould bases lower plate is fixedly connected with by the 7th bolt;The low punch is fixedly connected with lower fixation by the 8th bolt Plate;The side plate is fixedly mounted on middle upper plate side by the 6th bolt;The upper limit position block is fixedly connected by the 4th bolt Upper mounted plate;The slideway is fixedly mounted in middle lower plate by the tenth bolt and steady nail.

As further scheme of the invention: first bolt is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;Second bolt For socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;5th bolt is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;7th bolt is hexagonal in socket cap Bolt;8th bolt is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;6th bolt is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;4th spiral shell Bolt is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;The third bolt is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;9th bolt is six in socket cap Corner bolt;Tenth bolt is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

1, the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring of the present invention is positioned using clamped one time in process of production, and positioning is consistent Property is good, fundamentally ensure that the Geometrical Tolerance Principle of hoop body and square through hole, and the symmetry of both ends hoop body height and hoop body Height, hoop body rule, surface roughness is low, flawless warping defects, and square tube shroud ring hoop body consistency is high, ensure that the subsequent dress of iron skill The quality matched;

2, the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring of the present invention, high production efficiency run smoothly, and installation is intuitive, easy, fast Speed, meanwhile, automatic material returning, unloading workpiece is convenient and efficient, and it is practical, it has a vast market foreground.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of square tube shroud ring.

Fig. 2 is the side structure schematic view of square tube shroud ring.

Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring.

Fig. 4 is the schematic view of the front view at the simultaneous manufacturing device middle slideway of square tube shroud ring.

Fig. 5 is the overlooking structure diagram at the simultaneous manufacturing device middle slideway of square tube shroud ring.

Fig. 6 is the schematic view of the front view of fixture block in the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring.

Fig. 7 is the overlooking structure diagram of fixture block in the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring.

In figure: 100- square tube shroud ring ontology, 101 side walls, 102- hoop body, 103- square through hole, 1- mould bases upper plate, 2- are led Into set, 3- guide post, 4- upper punch, the second bolt of 5-, 6- upper mounted plate, the first bolt of 7-, 8- upper plate, 9- third bolt, 10- upper elastic body, 11- upper limit position block, the 4th bolt of 12-, 13- side plate, the 6th bolt of 14-, 15- sliding block, the 5th bolt of 16-, 17- stabilization bolt, 18- slideway, the tenth bolt of 19-, 20- are surely followed closely, 21- block, the 11st bolt of 22-, 23- fixture block, 24- reset Spring, 25- needle roller, lower plate in 26-, 27- low punch, 28- bottom plate, 29- guide post fixing seat, 30- mould bases lower plate, 31- lower elastic body, 32- lower position block, the 7th bolt of 33-, the 8th bolt of 34-, the 9th bolt of 35-, 36- evagination jaw, in 37- Recessed jaw, 38-V type jaw.

Specific embodiment

Technical solution of the present invention is described in more detail With reference to embodiment.

The shape of square tube shroud ring is as shown in attached drawing 1-2, including square tube shroud ring ontology 100, setting in square tube shroud ring ontology 100 There is a square through hole 103,101 both ends of side wall of square tube shroud ring ontology 100 are respectively set that there are two the hoop bodies 102 protruded.

In order to guarantee the quality of product, first have to guarantee that blank can reach prescribed requirement.When producing blank, pass through band The accurate blanking of sawing machine, controls length, the transverse cross-sectional shape of blank, controls the depth of parallelism of two section of blank and vertical with square hole Degree, blank reach prescribed requirement, and wedge angle is blunt inside and outside cross section, guarantee the relative uniformity of blank, this is to guarantee product quality Basis.The present invention processes above-mentioned blank by the simultaneous manufacturing device of disclosed square tube shroud ring, with production The square tube shroud ring of high-quality out.

Please refer to Fig. 3-7, a kind of simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring, including mould frame mechanism and linkage extruder Structure, the mould frame mechanism include mould bases upper plate 1, guide sleeve 2, guide post 3, guide post fixing seat 29 and mould bases lower plate 30, The mould bases upper plate 1 and 30 parallel interval of mould bases lower plate setting, and mould bases upper plate 1 be located at mould bases lower plate 30 just on Side, guide post 3 are vertically installed on mould bases lower plate 30 by guide post fixing seat 29, and guide sleeve 2 is mounted on mould bases upper plate 1 Downside, and the guide through hole matched with guide post 3, the upper end of guide post 3 are offered on mould bases upper plate 1 and guide sleeve 2 It being inserted into guide through hole, mould bases upper plate 1 is slidably mounted in guide post 3 by the cooperation of guide through hole and guide post 3, when When punched tape dynamic model frame upper plate 1 moves up and down, mould bases upper plate 1 will be slided along guide post 3, be mould bases by guide post 3 Upper plate 1 provides guiding role;The linkage pressing mechanism include upper punch 4, upper mounted plate 6, middle upper plate 8, upper elastic body 10, Sliding block 15, fixture block 23, middle lower plate 26, low punch 27, bottom plate 28 and lower elastic body 31, fixed plate 6 are fixedly mounted In 1 downside of mould bases upper plate, the fixed form between upper mounted plate 6 and mould bases upper plate 1 is without restriction, excellent in the present embodiment Choosing, fixed plate 6 is fixedly connected with mould bases upper plate 1 by the first bolt 7, and the type of the first bolt 7 is without restriction, this In embodiment, it is preferred that first bolt 7 is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw, and upper mounted plate 6 is made by 45 steel, and heat treatment is hard HRC40~45 are spent, fixed sliding block 15 is mainly used for and release square tube shroud ring workpiece, the upper punch 4 is fixedly mounted on fixation On the downside of 6 center of plate, the fixed form between upper punch 4 and upper mounted plate 6 is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that on described Formed punch 4 is fixedly connected with upper mounted plate 6 by the second bolt 5, and the type of the second bolt 5 is without restriction, in the present embodiment, preferably , second bolt 5 is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw, the side's of being provided with boss and fang platform shoulder on the upper punch 4, upper punch 4 Square boss peripheral size than 103 undersized of square through hole in square tube shroud ring, so that the square boss of upper punch 4 be made to be inserted into After in square through hole 103, retain the gap of 0.1~0.15mm between the two, for upper punch 4 with the production of Cr12 material, heat treatment is hard HRC55~60, surface roughness Ra 0.8 are spent, 4 side's boss of upper punch protects square tube for fixing square tube in extrusion process Inner wall is indeformable, and 4 fang platform shoulder of upper punch promotes to generate plastic deformation for squeezing square tube end socket;The middle upper plate 8 is located at upper solid 6 downside of fixed board, for upper elastic body 10 between upper mounted plate 6 and middle upper plate 8, third bolt 9 sequentially passes through middle upper plate 8 and upper bullet Property body 10 and be fixedly attached to upper mounted plate 6, it is described so that middle upper plate 8 and upper elastic body 10 are mounted on 6 lower section of upper mounted plate The material of upper elastic body 10 is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that and the upper elastic body 10 is polyurethane glue stick, described the The type of three bolts 9 is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the third bolt 9 is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;In order to The moving distance of centering upper plate 8 is limited, and is also equipped with upper limit position block 11 on the downside of fixed plate 6, and upper limit position block 11 Above middle upper plate 8, for the mobile upper limit of upper plate 8 in limiting, the fixed form between upper limit position block 11 and upper mounted plate 6 is not Add limitation, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the upper limit position block 11 is fixedly connected with upper mounted plate 6, the 4th spiral shell by the 4th bolt 12 The type of bolt 12 is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the 4th bolt 12 is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw, upper limit Block 11 is made by 45 steel, heat treatment hardness HRC40~45;It is also equipped on the downside of the middle upper plate 8 for pushing fixture block 23 mobile Sliding block 15, the fixed form between sliding block 15 and middle upper plate 8 is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the sliding block 15 is logical It crosses the 5th bolt 16 and is fixedly connected with middle upper plate 8, the type of the 5th bolt 16 is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that described Five bolts 16 are socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw, and for sliding block 15 with the production of Cr12 material, heat treatment hardness is HRC55~60, working face Surface roughness Ra 0.8;8 side of middle upper plate is also equipped with the side plate 13 for stablizing sliding block 15, and 13 lower end of side plate is downward Middle 8 bottom surface of upper plate is protruded from, and 13 lower end of side plate is equipped with the stabilization bolt 17 for pushing against sliding block 15,15 working face of sliding block is Cammed surface is matched with the cammed surface of fixture block 23, for pushing fixture block 23 to move to tooling interior direction, is stablized bolt 17 and is used for Enhance sliding block 15 to position stabilizing power when promotion fixture block 23 moves on the inside of tooling, by the 5th bolt 16 and stablizes bolt 17 Be capable of the operating position of adjusting slider 15, sliding block 15 designs the inner groove hole having for adjusting fixed position, can as needed with 5th bolt 16 is fixed on middle upper plate 8, and side plate 13 and the connection type of middle upper plate 8 are without restriction, in the present embodiment, preferably , the side plate 13 is fixedly mounted on middle 8 side of upper plate by the 6th bolt 14, and the type of the 6th bolt 14 is without restriction, this In embodiment, it is preferred that the 6th bolt 14 is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw, and side plate 13 is made by 45 steel, heat treatment hardness HRC35~40;Square through hole corresponding with upper punch 4 is provided on the middle upper plate 8, upper elastic body 10, for upper punch 4 It passes through;

The bottom plate 28 is fixedly mounted on 30 upside of mould bases lower plate, consolidating between bottom plate 28 and mould bases lower plate 30 It is without restriction to determine mode, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the bottom plate 28 is fixedly connected with mould bases bottom by the 7th bolt 33 The type of plate 30, the 7th bolt 33 is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the 7th bolt 33 is hexagonal in socket cap Bolt, bottom plate 28 are made by 45 steel, and heat treatment hardness is HRC35~40, are mainly used for lifting fixture block 23 and are released square tube Shroud ring workpiece, the low punch 27 is fixedly mounted on the upside of 28 center of bottom plate, between low punch 27 and bottom plate 28 Fixed form is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the low punch 27 is fixedly connected with bottom plate by the 8th bolt 34 28, the type of the 8th bolt 34 is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the 8th bolt 34 is hexagonal spiral shell in socket cap Bolt, the side's of being provided with boss and fang platform shoulder on the low punch 27, the peripheral size of the square boss of low punch 27 is than in square tube shroud ring 103 undersized of square through hole, to retain between the two after being inserted into the square boss of low punch 27 in square through hole 103 The gap of 0.1~0.15mm, low punch 27 are made with Cr12 material, heat treatment hardness HRC55~60, surface roughness Ra 0.8, Protection square tube inner wall is indeformable for fixing square tube, and in extrusion process for 27 side's boss of low punch, and 27 fang platform shoulder of low punch is used Promote to generate plastic deformation in squeezing square tube end socket;The middle lower plate 26 is located at 28 upside of bottom plate, and lower elastic body 31 is located at Between bottom plate 28 and middle lower plate 26, the 9th bolt 35 sequentially passes through middle lower plate 26 and lower elastic body 31 and is fixedly attached to down Fixed plate 28, so that middle lower plate 26 and lower elastic body 31 are mounted on 28 lower section of bottom plate, the material of the lower elastic body 31 It is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the lower elastic body 31 is polyurethane glue stick, and the type of the 9th bolt 35 is not Add limitation, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the 9th bolt 35 is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;For the shifting of centering lower plate 26 Dynamic distance is limited, and lower position block 32 is also equipped on the upside of the bottom plate 28, and lower position block 32 is located under middle lower plate 26 Side, for the mobile lower limit of lower plate 26 in limiting, lower position block 32 is made by 45 steel, heat treatment hardness HRC40~45;In described Slideway 18 is installed, the mounting means between slideway 18 and middle lower plate 26 is without restriction, in the present embodiment, preferably on the upside of lower plate 26 , the slideway 18 is fixedly mounted in middle lower plate 26 by the tenth bolt 19 and steady nail 20, the type of the tenth bolt 19 It is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that the tenth bolt 19 is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw, and slideway 18 is made by 45 steel, Heat treatment hardness HRC35~40;The fixture block 23 is slidably mounted in slideway 18, and slideway 18 limits folder by limit sliding groove Direction when block 23 is moved along slideway 18, the limit sliding groove are inverted L shape elongated slot, fixture block 23 altogether there are two, and two fixture blocks 23 are symmetrically mounted on slideway 18, and 23 medial surface of fixture block is provided with V-type jaw 38, the angle between two sides of V-type jaw 38 Degree is 90o, is evagination jaw 36 in the middle part of V-type jaw 38, and upper and lower part is indent jaw 37, at work, two fixture blocks Evagination jaw 36 is for clamping square tube when 23 relative motion, indent jaw 37 be used to limit square tube be plastically deformed to it is circumferential away from From 23 medial surface of fixture block is additionally provided with spring mounting hole, and the both ends of reset spring 24 are separately mounted on two fixture blocks 23 In corresponding two spring mounting holes, reset spring 24 is for pushing two fixture blocks 23 open, the spring on 23 medial surface of fixture block The quantity of mounting hole is without restriction, in the present embodiment, it is preferred that two spring peaces are arranged at intervals on 23 medial surface of fixture block Fill hole;The lateral surface cammed surface of the fixture block 23,15 working face of sliding block are cammed surface, pass through the cammed surface and fixture block 23 of sliding block 15 Cammed surface match, realize sliding block 15 push fixture block 23 moved along slideway 18, fixture block 23 is made by Cr12 material, heat treatment Hardness is HRC55~60, face surface roughness Ra 0.8;18 both ends of slideway be additionally provided with limit fixture block 23 it is mobile away from From block 21, block 21 is for limiting the range distance that fixture block 23 is displaced outwardly, and fixture block 23 is in middle lower plate 26, in cunning Horizontal motion between road 18 and block 22;23 lower end of fixture block is additionally provided with needle roller slot, and needle roller 25 is equipped in needle roller slot, Frictional resistance of the needle roller 25 for reducing fixture block 23 in moving process, needle roller 25 are made by 42CrMo material, heat treatment hardness For HRC55~60, face surface roughness Ra 0.8;It is provided in the middle lower plate 26 and lower elastic body 31 and low punch 27 corresponding square through holes, pass through for low punch 27.

The working principle of the invention is: when punching machine goes upward to upper limit site, as shown in the right side Fig. 3, the revocation of sliding block 15 is made It for the lateral thrust of fixture block 23, is opened to both sides to block 21 in the promotion lower fixture block 23 of reset spring 24, block 21 limits The amplitude peak that fixture block 23 outwardly opens is made, while 27 boss of low punch slightly exposes a part, upper punch 4 is in middle upper plate 8 The long distance of about 1.5~2 times of square tube workpiece raw materials of low punch 27 is left under drive, a square tube blank is put at this time, along blank Hole is vertically disposed on the square boss shoulder of low punch 27;Depress the brake switch of punching machine, punched tape dynamic model frame upper plate 1, on Formed punch 4, middle upper plate 8, upper elastic body 10,15 DL synchronization of sliding block;When sliding block 15 and block 23 contact, sliding block 15 pushes fixture block 23, fixture block 23 leaves block 22 and the horizontal sliding between slideway 18 and middle lower plate 26,23 compression reseting spring 24 of fixture block, under The evagination jaw 36 of the square inner bore position horizontal movement of plate 26, the V-type jaw 38 of fixture block 23 clamps the centre of square tube blank Position;At this point, 4 boss of upper punch enters inner hole of square above square tube, when square opening in the boss shoulder grafting touching square tube of upper punch 4 When plane, while sliding block 15 is contacted with middle lower plate 26, and sliding block 15 does not continue to reinforcing and fixture block 23 is pushed to move to square tube direction, is protected Relatively uniform pressing force is held, middle upper plate 8, middle lower plate 26 start downlink together;When slider of punch continues traveling downwardly, upper punch 4, under Two plane relative equilibriums squeeze formed punch 27 above and below square tube respectively, and square tube wall thickness starts jumping-up, by two fixture block 23V type jaws 38 The limitation of indent jaw 37, plastic deformation develop in the axial direction since radial, until two boss of upper punch 4 and low punch 27 are forced When adosculation, upper limit position block 11, lower position block 32 are in contact with middle upper plate 8, middle lower plate 26, and punching machine top shoe has also reached lower limit Site, square tube wall thickness is filled substantially with the V-type jaw 38 of fixture block 23 because of plastic deformation, as shown in Fig. 3 left-half, side bind round flow at Type, while upper elastic body 10 and lower elastic body 31 are held because of the reaction force of punching machine top shoe downlink and middle upper plate 8, middle lower plate 26 The pressure received reaches maximum value;After punching machine top shoe has also reached lower limit site, punching machine top shoe uplink, upper punch 4 on Plate 8, mould bases upper plate 1 drive under, it is synchronous to start uplink, under the effect of the propulsive thrust of upper elastic body 10 and lower elastic body 31, Middle upper plate 8, middle lower plate 26 leave upper limit position block 11, lower position block 32, and middle upper plate 8, middle lower plate 26 start uplink together;Under in the middle Plate 26 stops uplink when going upward to the limit point of the 9th bolt 35, hoop is under the dragging and rise of middle lower plate 26 under square tube, from low punch 27 Boss in be detached from;Punching machine top shoe continues uplink, and sliding block 15 and middle lower plate 26 disengage and start uplink, and sliding block 15 is gradually The pressure of fixture block 23 is removed, two fixture blocks 23 start back movement under the anti-motive force effect of reset spring 24, until reaching gear The position of block 22, while middle upper plate 8 will take off from the boss of upper punch 4 under the propulsive thrust effect of upper elastic body 10 in square tube From;When slider of punch goes upward to upper limit site, square tube hoop can be taken off, and be put into another square tube blank, start next production Circulation.

The simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring of the present invention is positioned using clamped one time in process of production, positioning one Cause property is good, fundamentally ensure that the Geometrical Tolerance Principle of hoop body 102 Yu square through hole 103, and 102 height of both ends hoop body and hoop The symmetry of body 102 is high, and 102 rule of hoop body, surface roughness is low, flawless warping defects, 102 consistency of square tube shroud ring hoop body Height ensure that the quality of the subsequent assembly of iron skill;The simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring of the present invention, high production efficiency, class produce Amount is increased to 1500 more than one piece by original 500, and production cost reduces by 40%, runs smoothly, and installation is intuitive, easy, quick, meanwhile, from The dynamic material returned, unloading workpiece is convenient and efficient, practical, has a vast market foreground.

Better embodiment of the invention is explained in detail above, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party Formula within the knowledge of one of ordinary skill in the art can also be without departing from the purpose of the present invention Various changes can be made.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring, which is characterized in that including mould frame mechanism and linkage pressing mechanism, institute Stating mould frame mechanism includes mould bases upper plate (1), guide sleeve (2), guide post (3), guide post fixing seat (29) and mould bases lower plate (30), the mould bases upper plate (1) and the setting of mould bases lower plate (30) parallel interval, and mould bases upper plate (1) is located under mould bases Right above bottom plate (30), guide post (3) is vertically installed on mould bases lower plate (30) by guide post fixing seat (29), guide sleeve (2) it is mounted on the downside of mould bases upper plate (1), and is offered on mould bases upper plate (1) and guide sleeve (2) and guide post (3) phase The upper end of the guide through hole of cooperation, guide post (3) is inserted into guide through hole, and mould bases upper plate (1) passes through guide through hole and leads The cooperation of Xiang Zhu (3) is slidably mounted on guide post (3);The linkage pressing mechanism include upper punch (4), upper mounted plate (6), Middle upper plate (8), upper elastic body (10), sliding block (15), fixture block (23), middle lower plate (26), low punch (27), bottom plate (28) and Lower elastic body (31), fixed plate (6) are fixedly mounted on the downside of mould bases upper plate (1), and the upper punch (4) is fixedly mounted On the downside of upper mounted plate (6) center;The middle upper plate (8) is located on the downside of upper mounted plate (6), and upper elastic body (10) is located at upper fixation Between plate (6) and middle upper plate (8), third bolt (9) sequentially passes through middle upper plate (8) and upper elastic body (10) and is fixedly connected supreme Fixed plate (6);The sliding block (15) for pushing fixture block (23) mobile is also equipped on the downside of the middle upper plate (8);The lower fixation Plate (28) is fixedly mounted on the upside of mould bases lower plate (30), and the low punch (27) is fixedly mounted on bottom plate (28) center Side;The middle lower plate (26) is located on the upside of bottom plate (28), and lower elastic body (31) is located at bottom plate (28) and middle lower plate (26) between, the 9th bolt (35) sequentially passes through middle lower plate (26) and lower elastic body (31) and is fixedly attached to bottom plate (28);Slideway (18) are installed on the upside of the middle lower plate (26);The fixture block (23) is slidably mounted in slideway (18), slideway (18) limit direction of the fixture block (23) along slideway (18) when mobile by limit sliding groove, fixture block (23) altogether there are two, and two A fixture block (23) is symmetrically mounted on slideway (18), and fixture block (23) medial surface is provided with V-type jaw (38), in V-type jaw (38) Portion is evagination jaw (36), and upper and lower part is indent jaw (37), and fixture block (23) medial surface is additionally provided with spring peace Hole is filled, the both ends of reset spring (24) are separately mounted in upper corresponding two spring mounting holes of two fixture blocks (23);It is described The lateral surface cammed surface of fixture block (23), sliding block (15) working face are cammed surface.
2. the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the limit sliding groove For inverted L shape elongated slot.
3. the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the V-type jaw (38) the angle between two sides is 90o.
4. the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring according to claim 3, which is characterized in that in the fixture block (23) Two spring mounting holes are arranged at intervals on side.
5. the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring according to claim 1 to 4, which is characterized in that the fixture block (23) lower end is additionally provided with needle roller slot, and needle roller (25) are equipped in needle roller slot.
6. the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the upper elastic body It (10) is polyurethane glue stick;The lower elastic body (31) is polyurethane glue stick.
7. the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the middle upper plate (8) Side is also equipped with the side plate (13) for stablizing sliding block (15), and side plate (13) lower end is downwardly projecting in middle upper plate (8) bottom surface, and Side plate (13) lower end is equipped with the stabilization bolt (17) for pushing against sliding block (15).
8. the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the slideway (18) two End is additionally provided with the block (21) for limiting fixture block (23) moving distance;Upper limit position block is also equipped on the downside of fixed plate (6) (11), upper limit position block (11) is located above middle upper plate (8);Lower position block (32) are also equipped on the upside of the bottom plate (28), Lower position block (32) is located at below middle lower plate (26).
9. the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring according to claim 8, which is characterized in that fixed plate (6) mould bases upper plate (1) is fixedly connected with by the first bolt (7);The upper punch (4) is fixedly connected by the second bolt (5) Upper mounted plate (6);The sliding block (15) is fixedly connected with middle upper plate (8) by the 5th bolt (16);The bottom plate (28) is logical It crosses the 7th bolt (33) and is fixedly connected with mould bases lower plate (30);The low punch (27) is fixedly connected down by the 8th bolt (34) Fixed plate (28);The side plate (13) is fixedly mounted on middle upper plate (8) side by the 6th bolt (14);The upper limit position block (11) upper mounted plate (6) are fixedly connected with by the 4th bolt (12);The slideway (18) passes through the tenth bolt (19) and steady nail (20) it is fixedly mounted on middle lower plate (26).
10. the simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring according to claim 9, which is characterized in that first bolt It (7) is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;Second bolt (5) is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;5th bolt (16) is circle Column cap hexagon socket head cap screw;7th bolt (33) is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;8th bolt (34) is in socket cap Hex bolts;6th bolt (14) is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;4th bolt (12) is hexagonal spiral shell in socket cap Bolt;The third bolt (9) is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;9th bolt (35) is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw;It is described Tenth bolt (19) is socket cap hexagon socket head cap screw.
CN201810095279.4A 2018-01-31 2018-01-31 A kind of simultaneous manufacturing device of square tube shroud ring CN110153281A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5275650A (en) * 1975-12-19 1977-06-24 Arai Puresu Kougiyou Kk Method of and apparatus for beading around pipe* cylinder and so on
CN1081942A (en) * 1993-07-18 1994-02-16 丹东汽车工具厂 Integral bridge casing of drive bridge of automobile making method and mould thereof
CN1118721A (en) * 1994-04-18 1996-03-20 株式会社东芝 Press forming device
JPH1099926A (en) * 1996-09-27 1998-04-21 Konno Kogyosho:Kk Cold pressure welding method and die
CN102327987A (en) * 2011-10-15 2012-01-25 诸城市恒信基汽车部件有限公司 Die for flanging two ends of steel sleeve of steel plate spring
CN202239294U (en) * 2011-10-28 2012-05-30 朱庆祥 Pressing die for raw concentrated water port pipe joint
CN102699213A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-03 宁波市鄞州剑均机械科技有限公司 Hot stamping mold of copper piece
CN202606696U (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-12-19 宁波市鄞州剑均机械科技有限公司 Hot stamping die for nut
CN102873177A (en) * 2012-09-17 2013-01-16 宁波市奇精机械有限公司 Die for forming large and small square holes and top hole in inner housing of clutch main body of washing machine
CN203437507U (en) * 2013-07-01 2014-02-19 慈溪市丰盈电声配件有限公司 Die device for producing alternating-current generator claw pole
CN105945110A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-09-21 无锡晶心精密机械有限公司 Double flanging flange machining device

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS5275650A (en) * 1975-12-19 1977-06-24 Arai Puresu Kougiyou Kk Method of and apparatus for beading around pipe* cylinder and so on
CN1081942A (en) * 1993-07-18 1994-02-16 丹东汽车工具厂 Integral bridge casing of drive bridge of automobile making method and mould thereof
CN1118721A (en) * 1994-04-18 1996-03-20 株式会社东芝 Press forming device
JPH1099926A (en) * 1996-09-27 1998-04-21 Konno Kogyosho:Kk Cold pressure welding method and die
CN102327987A (en) * 2011-10-15 2012-01-25 诸城市恒信基汽车部件有限公司 Die for flanging two ends of steel sleeve of steel plate spring
CN202239294U (en) * 2011-10-28 2012-05-30 朱庆祥 Pressing die for raw concentrated water port pipe joint
CN102699213A (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-10-03 宁波市鄞州剑均机械科技有限公司 Hot stamping mold of copper piece
CN202606696U (en) * 2012-06-21 2012-12-19 宁波市鄞州剑均机械科技有限公司 Hot stamping die for nut
CN102873177A (en) * 2012-09-17 2013-01-16 宁波市奇精机械有限公司 Die for forming large and small square holes and top hole in inner housing of clutch main body of washing machine
CN203437507U (en) * 2013-07-01 2014-02-19 慈溪市丰盈电声配件有限公司 Die device for producing alternating-current generator claw pole
CN105945110A (en) * 2016-07-05 2016-09-21 无锡晶心精密机械有限公司 Double flanging flange machining device

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