A kind of energy-saving soil crushing device suitable for crop planting research
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery technological field, specifically a kind of energy-saving hack suitable for crop planting research
Broad sense agricultural refers to that, including five kinds of planting industry, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery, sideline production industry forms, narrow sense agricultural refers to
Planting industry.Production activity including crops such as production cereal crops, industrial crops, forage crop and green manure.According to not
Same season can plant different crops, when crops are planted again, need to carry out hack, pine to the planting area in farmland
Soil, is convenient for crop growth, and the especially plantation of sapling and vegetable seedling loosens the soil and is conducive to insert root.When the hack of prior art farmland: needing
Soil is first turned over, then multiple rotary tillage, can be only achieved hack requirement, all topsoils in entire field can be smashed,
Energy consumption is more, can also waste a large amount of time；It is not that each region can be planted during crop planting,
Currently, in areas such as Qinghai-Tibet Platean, the northeast Xing'anling mountains in China, due to being located in ice box, just form it is special forever
Long frozen soil；In these area constructions, winter low temperature influence will receive；Earth material winter construction is covered using surface under normal conditions
Lid measure is protected, such as building sides or excavation face surface layer carry out covering insulation material；The measure of surface covering can only be alleviated
It endures cold degree, can not fundamentally solve the case where earth material is endured cold therefore, comprehensive hack, hack efficiency are carried out to entire farmland
Low, Soil Utilization rate is low, also creates a large amount of economic loss.
When the culture crops of agricultural planting laboratory research at present, need the soil breaking of bulk into tiny soil,
In existing agricultural planting laboratory, it is not exclusively used in the device of hack, many soil crushing devices are huger, and are not suitable for
It works in laboratory research, and the hack ability of small-sized pulverizer is smaller, therefore hack effect difference needs to research and develop a kind of efficient
Rate, agricultural planting use for laboratory pulverizer that crushing effect is good.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of energy-saving soil crushing devices suitable for crop planting research, on solving
State the problem of proposing in background technique.
To achieve the above object, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
A kind of energy-saving soil crushing device suitable for crop planting research, including body, crushing chamber, roll chamber, heating chamber and
Chamber is screened, crushing chamber is set on the right side of the body upper, motor is installed on the right side of the crushing chamber, the motor is dual-axle motor,
The motor left end is fixedly connected with shaft；The crushing chamber lower part setting rolls chamber, and the crushing chamber is connect with the chamber that rolls,
Described to roll the first sieve of intracavitary portion's installation, the first sieve outer cover is equipped with the first sliding block, and the first sliding block left side is solid
Surely reset spring is connected, is fixedly connected with the first reel on the right side of the motor, first reel is fixedly connected with drawstring, described
Second reel is installed, the drawstring is rotatablely connected second reel, and the drawstring left end extends below the first reel
It is rolled in intracavitary chamber to described, and is fixedly connected with the first sliding block, impurity collecting chamber, the impurity are installed in the left side of machine body bottom
Slide bar is fixedly mounted in collecting chamber top, and the second sliding block is equipped on the slide bar, is fixedly connected with connection on the right side of second sliding block
Pipe, the connecting tube right end extend to it is described roll in intracavitary chamber, and it is described roll chamber right end lower part and be fixedly connected roll part；Institute
Stating is hollow structure inside the second sliding block, and heating chamber is arranged on the left of second sliding block, is fixedly connected and leads on the right side of the heating chamber
Hot hose, the thermally conductive hose and second sliding block are hinged；Through-hole is set on the left of second sliding block, the thermally conductive hose with
Through-hole connection；It is described to roll chamber lower part setting screening chamber, the second sieve is installed in the screening chamber, the second sieve right end is set
Guide rail is set, the second sieve right end is fixedly connected with compressed spring, and the compressed spring is placed in the guide rail, and described first
Hinged push rod on the right side of sliding block, the push rod runs through the guide rail, and the push rod is abutted with the compressed spring.
As a further solution of the present invention: extending to the crushing chamber inner cavity on the left of the shaft, and in the shaft
Disintegrating knife is fixedly mounted.
As further scheme of the invention: the reset spring is mounted in first sieve.
As further scheme of the invention: second sliding block is connect with first sliding block by connecting rod.
As further scheme of the invention: the connecting tube and described roll are hollow structure inside part.
As further scheme of the invention: described roll installs heat release hole inside part；It is installed between the heat release hole
As further scheme of the invention: the heating chamber inside left installs electrically heated rod, the electrically heated rod
There are two, blower is installed on the electrically heated rod top.
As further scheme of the invention: setting impurity filters out net on the left of second sieve, and the impurity filters out
Net left side is fixedly connected with impurity collecting chamber.
As further scheme of the invention: soil-shifting block is arranged in second sieve lower part；Soil-shifting block upper end hinge
Connect the push rod；Right side of machine body lower part setting outlet, the outlet are corresponding with soil-shifting block position.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: shaft rotation is able to drive the Disintegrating knife turn
It is dynamic, and then realize and carry out broken purpose to the frozen soil in the crushing chamber, first sliding block is along the first sieve water
Translation is dynamic, then can be realized second sliding block along the slide bar vertical shift, the heat release hole can roll chamber to described
Middle ejection hot gas improves the screening efficiency of frozen soil to roll the defrosting of frozen soil in chamber described in accelerating, described to roll blade energy
It is enough roll crushings to the frozen soil on first sieve, second sieve play the role of filtering it is deimpurity, described first
Sliding block drives the push rod to move left and right, and enables to the push rod to squeeze the compressed spring, so that described
Second sieve generates vibration, is conducive to rapid impurity removal, improves dust removal rate, saves a large amount of man power and material, the soil-shifting
Block can push the frozen soil after screening bottom of chamber portion screening, avoid frozen soil accumulation excessive, cause screening crush efficiency
It reduces；The present invention has rational design, energy-efficient, adequately can carry out crushing and screening to frozen soil, while complete using a motor
At multiprogramming, a large amount of energy has been saved.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the energy-saving soil crushing device suitable for crop planting research.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the crusher chamber suitable for the energy-saving soil crushing device of crop planting research.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the heating chamber suitable for the energy-saving soil crushing device of crop planting research.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram that part is rolled suitable for the energy-saving soil crushing device of crop planting research.
In figure: 1- body, 2- crushing chamber, 3- roll chamber, 4- heating chamber, 5- screening chamber, the outlet 6-, 7- impurity collecting chamber,
8- motor, 9- shaft, the first reel of 10-, the second reel of 11-, 12- Disintegrating knife, the second reel of 13-, 14- first are sliding
Block, 15- connecting rod, the first sieve of 16-, 17- reset spring, the second sliding block of 18-, the thermally conductive hose of 19-, 20- impurity filter out net,
21- electrically heated rod, 22- blower, 23- connecting tube, 24-, which roll part, 25- heat release hole, 26- and roll blade, 27- guide rail, 28-, to be pushed away
Bar, 29- soil-shifting block, 30- compressed spring, the second sieve of 31-, 32- slide bar.
Technical solution of the present invention is described in more detail With reference to embodiment.
Please refer to Fig. 1-4, a kind of energy-saving soil crushing device suitable for crop planting research, including body 1, crushing chamber
2, chamber 3, heating chamber 4, screening chamber 5 and outlet 6 are rolled, crushing chamber 2,2 right side of crushing chamber is arranged in 1 upper right of body
Motor 8 is installed, the motor 8 is dual-axle motor, and 8 left end of motor is fixedly connected with shaft 9, extends on the left of the shaft 9
2 inner cavity of crushing chamber, and Disintegrating knife 12 is fixedly mounted in the shaft 9, the rotation of shaft 9 is able to drive the crushing
Blade 12 rotates, and then realizes and carry out broken purpose to the frozen soil in the crushing chamber 2；2 lower part of the crushing chamber setting
Chamber 3 is rolled, the crushing chamber 2 is connect with the chamber 3 that rolls, and described roll installs the first sieve 16 inside chamber 3, first sieve
16 outer cover of net is equipped with the first sliding block 14, is fixedly connected with reset spring 17, the reset spring 17 on the left of first sliding block 14
It is mounted in first sieve 16, the first reel 10 is fixedly connected on the right side of the motor 8, first reel 10 is fixed
Connection stay cord 11, installs the second reel 13 below first reel 10, the drawstring 11 be rotatablely connected described second around
Line wheel 13,11 left end of drawstring extend to it is described roll in 3 inner cavity of chamber, and be fixedly connected with the first sliding block 14, the body 1 is left
Side bottom installs impurity collecting chamber 7, and slide bar 32 is fixedly mounted in 7 top of impurity collecting chamber, and the is equipped on the slide bar 32
Two sliding blocks 18, second sliding block 18 and first sliding block 14 are connect by connecting rod 15, and first sliding block 14 is along described
First sieve 16 moves horizontally, and it is sliding along 32 vertical shift of slide bar, described second then to can be realized second sliding block 18
Be fixedly connected with connecting tube 23 on the right side of block 18,23 right end of connecting tube extend to it is described roll in 3 inner cavity of chamber, and described roll chamber
3 right end lower parts, which are fixedly connected, rolls part 24, and the connecting tube 23 and described roll inside part 24 are hollow structure；It is described to roll
Heat release hole 25 is installed, the heat release hole 25 can spray hot gas to described roll in chamber 3, to roll described in accelerating inside part 24
The defrosting of frozen soil in chamber 3, improves the screening efficiency of frozen soil；Installation rolls blade 26 between the heat release hole 25, described to roll
Blade 26 can carry out rolling crushing to the frozen soil on first sieve 16；It is hollow structure inside second sliding block 18,
Heating chamber 4 is set on the left of second sliding block 18, and 4 inside left of heating chamber installs electrically heated rod 21, the electrically heated rod
21 have two, and blower 22 is installed on 21 top of electrically heated rod, is fixedly connected with thermally conductive hose 19 on the right side of the heating chamber 4, described
Thermally conductive hose 19 and second sliding block 18 are hinged；Through-hole is set on the left of second sliding block 18, the thermally conductive hose 19 with it is logical
Hole connection；It is described to roll 3 lower part of chamber setting screening chamber 5, second sieve 31, second sieve 31 are installed in the screening chamber 5
It is deimpurity to play the role of filter, guide rail 27 is arranged in 31 right end of the second sieve, and 31 right end of the second sieve is fixedly connected with pressure
Contracting spring 30, the compressed spring 30 are placed in the guide rail 27, the hinged push rod 28 in 14 right side of the first sliding block, described to push away
Bar 28 runs through the guide rail 27, and the push rod 28 is abutted with the compressed spring 30, and first sliding block 14 drives described push away
Bar 28 moves left and right, and the push rod 28 is enabled to squeeze the compressed spring 30, so that second sieve
31 generate vibration, are conducive to rapid impurity removal, improve dust removal rate, save a large amount of man power and material；Second sieve 31
Left side setting impurity filters out net 20, and the impurity filters out and is fixedly connected with impurity collecting chamber 7 on the left of net 20, under second sieve 31
Soil-shifting block 29 is arranged in portion, and the soil-shifting block 29 can push the frozen soil after the screening of screening 5 bottom of chamber, avoids frozen soil
Accumulation is excessive, and screening crush efficiency is caused to reduce；The hinged push rod 28 in 29 upper end of soil-shifting block；Under 1 right side of body
Portion setting outlet 6, the outlet 6 is corresponding with 29 position of soil-shifting block.
The working principle of the invention is: frozen soil enters the crushing chamber 2, and the motor 8 starts, and the motor 8 drives institute
The rotation of shaft 9 is stated, the shaft 9 drives the Disintegrating knife 12 to rotate, realizes the crushing to frozen soil in the crushing chamber 2；
Frozen soil rolls in chamber 3 described in entering, and the motor 8 drives first reel 10 to rotate, and first reel 10 pulls
The drawstring 11, the drawstring 11 pull first sliding block 14, and first sliding block 14 drives second sliding block 18 downwards
Mobile, so that the part 24 that rolls carries out the frozen soil on first sieve 16 to roll processing, the reset spring 17 is returned
Multiple power acts on first sliding block 14, so that first sliding block 14 drives second sliding block 18 to rise, so that institute
It states and rolls the rising of part 24, and then realize and hack circulation is rolled；Hot gas in the heating chamber 4 by the thermally conductive hose 19,
Second sliding block 18 enters the heat release hole 25 with part 24 is rolled, and realizes the heating to frozen soil；Frozen soil falls into second sieve 31
On, the push rod 28 pushes the compressed spring 30 and the second sieve 31, the removal of impurities to frozen soil is realized, finally, the push rod 28
Frozen soil after driving 29 pairs of soil-shifting block screenings pushes；The present invention has rational design, energy-efficient, can be adequately to jelly
Soil carries out crushing and screening, while completing multiprogramming using a motor, has saved a large amount of energy.
Better embodiment of the invention is explained in detail above, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party
Formula within the knowledge of one of ordinary skill in the art can also be without departing from the purpose of the present invention
Various changes can be made.