CN110152768B - High-hardness raw ore stripping type automatic crushing device and using method - Google Patents

High-hardness raw ore stripping type automatic crushing device and using method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110152768B
CN110152768B CN201910368481.4A CN201910368481A CN110152768B CN 110152768 B CN110152768 B CN 110152768B CN 201910368481 A CN201910368481 A CN 201910368481A CN 110152768 B CN110152768 B CN 110152768B
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cylinder
box
raw ore
guide pipe
barrel
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CN110152768A (en
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郑金华
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郑金华
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/14Stamping mills
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/18Use of auxiliary physical effects, e.g. ultrasonics, irradiation, for disintegrating
    • B02C19/186Use of cold or heat for disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-hardness crude ore stripping type automatic crushing device, which comprises a first box body, a four-jaw chuck and a chuck sliding block, wherein a fuel tank is fixedly arranged at the top of the first box body, and a water tank fixedly arranged at the top of the first box body is arranged at the right side of the fuel tank, and the invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention has simple structure and simple operation, solves the difficulty of crushing high-hardness raw ore at present, sprays water mist after heating high-hardness raw ore by spraying flame for rapid cooling, changes the molecular structure in the high-hardness raw ore by the principle of expansion with heat and contraction with cold, ensures that the high-hardness raw ore can be separated layer by layer and is easy to crush, can also automatically add fuel and water, is automatic in the whole process, does not need manual operation, and greatly improves the efficiency.

Description

High-hardness raw ore stripping type automatic crushing device and using method
Technical Field
The invention relates to a high-hardness raw ore stripping type automatic crushing device and a using method thereof.
Background
At present, mineral separation is a process of separating useful minerals from gangue minerals by a gravity separation method, a flotation method, a magnetic separation method, an electric separation method and other methods after crushing and grinding the ores according to the physical and chemical properties of different minerals in the ores, separating various symbiotic (associated) useful minerals from each other as much as possible, removing or reducing harmful impurities to obtain raw materials required by smelting or other industries, wherein the mineral separation treatment process of the ores is completed in a mineral separation plant and generally comprises the following three most basic processes of preparation operation, separation operation and treatment operation, wherein the preparation operation is further divided into crushing, grinding, screening and grading and ore washing, wherein the crushing is a process of crushing, chopping and the like, generally performed according to coarse crushing, medium crushing and three sections, however, the crushing efficiency of high-hardness raw ores is very low at present, if a cutter with general hardness is used during crushing of the raw ores with high hardness, the abrasion consumption is high, if the high-hardness cutter is used, the cost is increased on the one hand, and on the other hand, the hardness and the toughness of the cutter are low, the edge breaking phenomenon is easily caused in the crushing process, the cost expense is increased, if the high-hardness raw ores are not specially required, the ore dressing is not generally carried out, the waste treatment is directly carried out, but a large amount of resources are stored in the waste high-hardness raw ores and are not utilized, so that a device capable of specially crushing the high-hardness metal raw ores is required at present.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art and provides a stripping type automatic crushing device for high-hardness raw ores, which utilizes the principle of thermal expansion and cold contraction to rapidly heat and cool the high-hardness raw ores layer by layer, so that the internal thermal stress of the high-hardness raw ores is increased, the molecular gap is enlarged, the brittleness is enlarged, and the surface of the high-hardness raw ores is uniformly beaten by a beating device, so that the high-hardness raw ores can be easily stripped and crushed layer by layer, and can be automatically collected and sent out after being crushed.
The invention adopts the technical scheme for solving the technical problems that: the high-hardness raw ore stripping type automatic crushing device comprises a first box body, a four-jaw chuck and a chuck slide block, wherein a fuel tank is fixedly arranged at the top of the first box body, a water tank fixedly arranged at the top of the first box body is arranged on the right side of the fuel tank, a water inlet and a material feeding port are respectively arranged at the top of the water tank and the fuel tank, a first guide pipe and a second guide pipe are respectively arranged at the bottom of the water tank and the bottom of the fuel tank, the first guide pipe and the first guide pipe sequentially penetrate through the bottom of the inner wall of the fuel tank and the top of the inner wall of the first box body and then reach the inside of the first box body, a second check valve is arranged at the lower half part of the inner walls of the first guide pipe and the second guide pipe, an inlet communicated with the outside is arranged at the middle part of the inner wall of the right end of the first box body, the front half part and the rear half part of the top of the bearing platform are respectively fixedly provided with a first motor, the front half part and the rear half part of the middle part in the first box body are respectively provided with a first screw rod and a second screw rod, the left end of the first screw rod and the right end of the second screw rod are respectively connected with the first motor after penetrating through an inlet, the two outer sides of the first screw rod and the second screw rod are movably connected with a sliding plate, a first cylinder is arranged above the sliding plate, the center of the bottom of the inner wall of the first cylinder is fixedly provided with a first air cylinder, the top of the first air cylinder is fixedly provided with a first supporting plate, the top of the first supporting plate is fixedly provided with a second motor, the top of the second motor is provided with a first main shaft, the top of the first main shaft is hermetically connected with a drill bit, the periphery of the first cylinder is fixedly provided with a second cylinder which is positioned at the bottom of the inner wall of the first cylinder in an array mode, the bottom of the second cylinder is provided with a telescopic rod, the bottom of the telescopic rod penetrates through the bottom of the inner wall of the first cylinder and then is fixedly connected with the top of a sliding plate, the top of the first cylinder is fixedly provided with a four-jaw chuck, the top of the four-jaw chuck is meshed with a chuck slider at the front left end, the front right end and the rear right end, the top of the chuck slider at the front left end, the front right end and the rear right end are respectively and fixedly provided with a heating cylinder, a quick-cooling cylinder, a hammering cylinder and a fixed column, the tops of the heating cylinder and the quick-cooling cylinder are communicated with the outside, a one-way valve I is respectively arranged between the inner walls at the tops of the heating cylinder and the quick-cooling cylinder, the inner wall at the right end of the heating, the bottom of the inner walls of the heating cylinder body and the quick cooling cylinder body is provided with poking rods, the tops of the poking rods extend to the upper half part of the heating cylinder body and the upper half part of the quick cooling cylinder body, a partition plate is fixedly arranged between the inner walls of the hammering cylinder body in an array manner, a cylinder III is fixedly arranged at the top of the partition plate, a hammering rod is arranged at the left end of the cylinder III, the left end of the hammering rod passes through the inner wall at the left end of the hammering cylinder body and then reaches the left side of the hammering cylinder body, scraping plates are fixedly arranged at the front end of the fixing columns in an array manner, a hopper fixedly connected with the inner wall of the box body is arranged below the sliding plate, a conveying belt fixedly arranged at the bottom of the box body I is arranged below the hopper, the left end of the conveying belt passes through an, the flank can be to the open angle groove in high rigidity raw ore bottom, can drive the rotation of high rigidity raw ore through the groove after the fluting.
A use method of a high-hardness raw ore stripping type automatic crushing device comprises the following steps:
firstly, feeding: the first motor is started to drive the first screw and the second screw to rotate to drive the sliding plate to slide out of the right side of the first box body, then the maximum diameter of the circumscribed circle of the raw ore to be crushed is placed at the center of the top of the first cylinder body, and the maximum diameter of the circumscribed circle of the raw ore must be smaller than the inner diameter of the four-jaw chuck;
secondly, fixing: the control chip controls the first air cylinder to slowly rise, the second motor controls the first main shaft to rotate back and forth within an angle of 30 degrees, a drill bit at the top of the first main shaft penetrates into the bottom of raw ore along with the slow rising of the first air cylinder, a side wing slots the bottom of the raw ore when the bottom of the drill bit penetrates into the bottom of the raw ore, the second motor controls the first main shaft to normally rotate clockwise when two thirds of the side wing penetrates into the bottom of the raw ore, the first main shaft normally rotates clockwise to drive the raw ore to rotate clockwise, and then the first air cylinder rises to the maximum distance to lift the raw ore to be separated from the top;
thirdly, adding fuel and water: the cylinder II controls the telescopic rod to extend out, the cylinder I ascends, the first guide pipe top and the second guide pipe top poke a first check valve between the inner walls of the heating cylinder and the quick cooling cylinder respectively when the cylinder I ascends, the first guide pipe and the second guide pipe enter the heating cylinder and the quick cooling cylinder, the first guide pipe and the second guide pipe continue to ascend along with the cylinder I, the top of a poking rod inside the heating cylinder and the quick cooling cylinder pokes a second check valve between the first guide pipe and the second guide pipe inner wall, at the moment, liquid fuel in the fuel tank and water in the water tank are filled into the heating cylinder and the quick cooling cylinder through the first guide pipe and the second guide pipe, when the liquid level inside the heating cylinder and the quick cooling cylinder is flush with the bottoms of the guide pipe body and the second guide pipe, the fuel and water cannot be filled into the fuel tank and the quick cooling cylinder due to the effect of air pressure, then the cylinder II controls retraction, the cylinder I descends, at, then the conduit body and the conduit II leave the heating cylinder body and the quick cooling cylinder body, and the one-way valve I in the heating cylinder body and the quick cooling cylinder body is closed to prevent the internal fuel and water from spilling and falling ash;
fourthly, stripping: the control chip controls the four-jaw chuck to drive all chuck sliding blocks to move radially and contract slowly, when raw ore rotates clockwise, a flame nozzle sprays a large amount of flame to heat the raw ore so as to increase the molecular distance of the raw ore, then a water mist nozzle sprays a small amount of water mist to rapidly cool the surface of the raw ore, the molecular distance in the raw ore is changed to increase the thermal stress due to expansion with heat and contraction with cold, then the air cylinder three rapidly contracts and extends out of a hammering rod to hammer the surface of the raw ore so as to enable the surface of the raw ore to be easy to peel off, and then a scraper can easily peel off and crush the raw ore layer by layer;
fifthly, collection: the crushed raw ore falls onto the conveyer belt through the hopper and is continuously sent out of the left side of the box body.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the invention has simple structure and simple operation, solves the difficulty of crushing high-hardness raw ore at present, sprays water mist after heating high-hardness raw ore by spraying flame for rapid cooling, changes the molecular structure in the high-hardness raw ore by the principle of expansion with heat and contraction with cold, ensures that the high-hardness raw ore can be separated layer by layer and is easy to crush, can also automatically add fuel and water, is automatic in the whole process, does not need manual operation, and greatly improves the efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along line A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a partial enlarged view of the hot barrel, the hammering barrel, and the quick cooling barrel of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of the first barrel of FIG. 1;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of the first shoulder and major axis of FIG. 2.
Description of reference numerals: the device comprises a box body I1, a water tank 2, a water inlet 3, a feeding port 4, a fuel tank 5, a sliding plate 6, a funnel 7, an outlet 8, a conveyor belt 9, a bearing platform 10, a motor I11, a screw rod I12, an inlet 13, a screw rod II 14, a water mist nozzle 15, a guide pipe I16, a check valve II 17, a check valve I18, a poking rod 19, a hot cylinder body 20, a four-jaw chuck 21, a chuck sliding block 22, a hammering cylinder body 23, a cylinder III 24, a partition plate 25, a hammering rod 26, a quick cooling cylinder body 27, a guide pipe II 28, a telescopic port 29, a drill bit 30, a side wing 31, a cylinder II 32, a motor II 33, a support plate I34, a telescopic rod 35, a cylinder I36, a cylinder I37, a main shaft I38, a control chip 39.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
with reference to figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5: the high-hardness crude ore stripping type automatic crushing device in the embodiment comprises a box body I1, a four-jaw chuck 21 and a chuck slide block 22, wherein a fuel tank 5 is fixedly arranged at the top of the box body I1, a water tank 2 fixedly arranged at the top of the box body I1 is arranged at the right side of the fuel tank 5, a water inlet 3 and a material feeding port 4 are respectively arranged at the tops of the water tank 2 and the fuel tank 5, a first guide pipe 16 and a second guide pipe 28 are respectively arranged at the bottoms of the water tank 2 and the fuel tank 5, the bottom of the first guide pipe 1 sequentially penetrates through the bottom of the inner wall of the fuel tank 5 and the top of the inner wall of the box body I1 and then reaches the inside of the box body I1, a second check valve 17 is arranged at the lower half part of the inner wall of the first guide pipe 16 and the second guide pipe 28, and an inlet 13 communicated with the, the lower half part of the inner wall of the left end of the first box body 1 is provided with an outlet 8 communicated with the outside, the right side of the first box body 1 is provided with a bearing platform 10 fixedly connected with the ground, the front half part and the rear half part of the top of the bearing platform 10 are respectively and fixedly provided with a first motor 11, the front half part and the rear half part of the middle part inside the first box body 1 are respectively provided with a first screw 12 and a second screw 14, the left end of the first screw 12 and the left end of the second screw 14 are movably connected with the inner wall of the left end of the first box body 1, the right end of the first screw 12 and the right end of the second screw 14 penetrate through an inlet 13 and are respectively connected with a first motor 11, the outer sides of the first screw 12 and the second screw 14 are connected with a sliding plate 6 in a sliding manner, a first cylinder 37 is arranged above the sliding plate 6, the center of the bottom of the, the top of the first main shaft 38 is hermetically connected with a drill bit 30, the outer side of the first main shaft 38 is hermetically connected with a side wing 31, a telescopic opening 29 with the diameter larger than the length of the side wing 31 is arranged at the top of the inner wall of the first cylinder 37 corresponding to the position of the drill bit 30, a second air cylinder 32 with the diameter larger than the length of the side wing 31 is fixedly arranged at the periphery of the first air cylinder 36, a second air cylinder 32 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the inner wall of the first cylinder 37 in an array mode, an expansion link 35 is arranged at the bottom of the second air cylinder 32, the bottom of the expansion link 35 penetrates through the bottom of the inner wall of the first cylinder 37 and then is fixedly connected with the top of the sliding plate 6, a four-jaw chuck 21 is fixedly arranged at the top of the first cylinder 37, chuck sliders 22 are meshed at the left front and right rear four ends at the top of the four-jaw chuck 21, a heating cylinder 20, a quick, the inner wall of the right end of the heating cylinder 20 and the inner wall of the rear end of the quick cooling cylinder 27 are respectively provided with a flame spray head 42 and a water spray head 15 in an array mode, the right end of the flame spray head 42 and the rear end of the water spray head 15 respectively penetrate through the inner wall of the right end of the heating cylinder 20 and the inner wall of the rear end of the quick cooling cylinder 27 to reach the right of the heating cylinder 20 and the rear of the quick cooling cylinder 27, the bottoms of the inner walls of the heating cylinder 20 and the quick cooling cylinder 27 are provided with poking rods 19 of which the tops extend to the upper half part of the heating cylinder 20 and the upper half part of the quick cooling cylinder 27, a partition plate 25 is fixedly arranged between the inner walls of the hammering cylinder 23, the top of the partition plate 25 is fixedly provided with a third air cylinder 24, the left end of the third air cylinder 24 is provided with a hammering rod 26, the left end of the hammering rod 26 penetrates through the inner wall of the left, funnel 7 below is equipped with the conveyer belt 9 with 1 bottom fixed mounting of box, 9 left ends of conveyer belt pass export 8 and arrive the box 1 right-hand outer, the inside control chip 39 that is equipped with in 1 inner wall bottom of box.
With reference to figures 1, 2, 3, 4, 5: a use method of a high-hardness raw ore stripping type automatic crushing device comprises the following steps:
firstly, feeding: the first motor 11 is started to drive the first screw 12 and the second screw 14 to rotate to drive the sliding plate 6 to slide out of the right side of the first box body 1, then the maximum circumscribed circle diameter of the raw ore to be crushed is placed at the top center of the first cylinder 37, and the maximum circumscribed circle diameter of the raw ore must be smaller than the inner diameter of the four-jaw chuck 21, and the first motor 11 is started to drive the first screw 12 and the second screw 14 to rotate reversely to drive the sliding plate 6 to return to the center position of the first box body 1;
secondly, fixing: the control chip 39 controls the cylinder I36 to slowly rise, the motor II 33 controls the main shaft I38 to rotate back and forth within an angle of 30 degrees, along with the slow rising of the cylinder I36, the drill bit 30 at the top of the main shaft I38 drills into the bottom of raw ore, the flank 31 slots the bottom of the raw ore when the bottom of the drill bit 30 drills into the bottom of the raw ore, the motor II 33 controls the main shaft I38 to normally rotate clockwise when two thirds of the flank 31 drills into the bottom of the raw ore, the main shaft I38 normally rotates clockwise to drive the raw ore to rotate clockwise, and then the cylinder I36 rises to the maximum distance to lift the raw ore to be separated from the top of the cylinder I37;
thirdly, adding fuel and water: the cylinder II 32 controls the extension rod 35 to extend, the cylinder I37 is lifted, the top of the guide pipe I16 and the top of the guide pipe II 28 respectively poke the check valve I18 between the inner walls of the heating cylinder 20 and the quick cooling cylinder 27 when the cylinder I37 is lifted, the guide pipe I16 and the guide pipe II 28 enter the heating cylinder 20 and the quick cooling cylinder 27, along with the continuous lifting of the cylinder I37, the top of the poking rod 19 in the heating cylinder 20 and the quick cooling cylinder 27 pokes the check valve II 17 between the inner walls of the guide pipe I16 and the guide pipe II 28, at the moment, the liquid fuel in the fuel tank 5 and the water in the water tank 2 are filled into the heating cylinder 20 and the quick cooling cylinder 27 through the guide pipe I16 and the guide pipe II 28, when the liquid level in the heating cylinder 20 and the quick cooling cylinder 27 is flush with the bottoms of the guide pipe I16 and the guide pipe II 28, the fuel and the water can not be filled into the heating cylinder, then the cylinder II 32 controls the telescopic rod 35 to retract, the cylinder I37 descends, the one-way valve II 17 in the conduit body 16 and the conduit II 28 is closed to stop filling fuel and water, and then the conduit body 16 and the conduit II 28 leave the heating cylinder body 20 and the one-way valve I18 in the quick cooling cylinder body 27 is closed to prevent the internal fuel and water from spilling and falling ash;
fourthly, stripping: the control chip 39 controls the four-jaw chuck 21 to drive all the chuck sliding blocks 22 to move radially and contract slowly, when the raw ore rotates clockwise, a large amount of flame is sprayed out by the flame spray head 42 to heat the raw ore so that the molecular distance of the raw ore is enlarged and increased, then a small amount of water mist is sprayed out by the water mist spray head 15 to rapidly cool the surface of the raw ore due to the change of the molecular distance in the raw ore caused by thermal expansion and cold contraction so that the thermal stress is increased, then the air cylinder III 24 rapidly contracts and extends out of the hammering rod 26 to hammer the surface of the raw ore so that the surface of the raw ore is easy to peel, and then the scraper 41 can easily peel and crush the;
fifthly, collection: the crushed raw ore falls onto a conveyor belt 9 through a funnel 7 and is continuously sent out of the left side of the box body 1.
While the invention has been shown and described with reference to a preferred embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and detail may be made therein without departing from the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (2)

1. The utility model provides an automatic breaker of formula is peeled off to high rigidity raw ore, includes box (1), four-jaw chuck (21), chuck slider (22), characterized by: the top of the first box body (1) is fixedly provided with a fuel box (5), the right side of the fuel box (5) is provided with a water tank (2) fixedly arranged at the top of the first box body (1), the tops of the water tank (2) and the fuel box (5) are respectively provided with a water inlet (3) and a feed opening (4), the bottoms of the water tank (2) and the fuel box (5) are respectively provided with a first guide pipe (16) and a second guide pipe (28), the bottom of the first guide pipe (1) sequentially penetrates through the bottom of the inner wall of the fuel box (5) and the top of the inner wall of the first box body (1) and then reaches the inside of the first box body (1), the bottom of the second guide pipe (28) sequentially penetrates through the bottom of the inner wall of the water tank (2) and the top of the inner wall of the first box body (1) and then reaches the inside of the first box body (1), the lower half parts of the inner, an outlet (8) communicated with the outside is formed in the lower half part of the inner wall of the left end of the first box body (1), a bearing platform (10) fixedly connected with the ground is arranged on the right side of the first box body (1), a first motor (11) is fixedly installed in the front half part and the rear half part of the top of the bearing platform (10) respectively, a first screw rod (12) and a second screw rod (14) which are movably connected with the inner wall of the left end of the first box body (1) at the left end are arranged in the front half part and the rear half part of the middle part of the inside of the first box body (1) respectively, the right ends of the first screw rod (12) and the second screw rod (14) penetrate through an inlet (13) and then are connected with the first motor (11) respectively, a sliding plate (6) is connected to the outer sides of the first screw rod (12) and the second screw rod (14) in a sliding mode, a first cylinder body (37) is arranged above the sliding, the top of the first support plate (34) is fixedly provided with a second motor (33), the top of the second motor (33) is provided with a first main shaft (38), the top of the first main shaft (38) is hermetically connected with a drill bit (30), the outer side of the first main shaft (38) is hermetically connected with a side wing (31), the top of the inner wall of the first cylinder body (37) corresponding to the drill bit (30) is provided with a telescopic opening (29) with a diameter larger than the length of the side wing (31), the cylinder (36) is fixedly arranged on the cylinder (32) at the bottom of the inner wall of the first cylinder body (37) in a surrounding array manner, a telescopic rod (35) is arranged at the bottom of the cylinder (32), the bottom of the telescopic rod (35) penetrates through the bottom of the inner wall of the first cylinder body (37) and then is fixedly connected with the top of the sliding plate (6), the top of the first cylinder body (37), four ends in front of a left side right side back chuck slider (22) top respectively fixed mounting have heating barrel (20), fast cold barrel (27), hammering barrel (23), fixed column (40), heating barrel (20) and fast cold barrel (27) top and external intercommunication, be equipped with check valve (18) between heating barrel (20) and the fast cold barrel (27) top inner wall respectively, heating barrel (20) right-hand member inner wall and fast cold barrel (27) rear end inner wall array respectively are equipped with flame spray nozzle (42) and water smoke shower nozzle (15), flame spray nozzle (42) right-hand member and water smoke shower nozzle (15) rear end pass heating barrel (20) right-hand member inner wall and fast cold barrel (27) rear end inner wall respectively and arrive heating barrel (20) right-hand and fast cold barrel (27) rear, heating barrel (20) and fast cold barrel (27) inner wall bottom are equipped with the stick (19) that the top extends to heating barrel (20) upper half and fast cold barrel (27) upper half ) The utility model discloses a box, fixed array installs baffle (25) between hammering barrel (23) inner wall, baffle (25) top fixed mounting has cylinder three (24), hammering pole (26) are installed to cylinder three (24) left end, hammering pole (26) left end passes and reachs hammering barrel (23) left behind hammering barrel (23) left end inner wall, fixed column (40) front end array fixed mounting has scraper blade (41), sliding plate (6) below be equipped with box (1) between the inner wall fixed connection's funnel (7), funnel (7) below be equipped with box (1) bottom fixed mounting's conveyer belt (9), conveyer belt (9) left end passes export (8) and reachs box (1) right-hand outside, box (1) inner wall bottom inside is equipped with control chip (39).
2. The method for using the high-hardness raw ore stripping type automatic crushing device according to claim 1 comprises the following steps:
firstly, feeding: the first motor (11) is started to drive the first screw (12) and the second screw (14) to rotate to drive the sliding plate (6) to slide out of the right side of the first box body (1), then the raw ore to be crushed is placed on the first cylinder body (37), the maximum circumscribed circle diameter of the central raw ore must be smaller than the inner diameter of the four-jaw chuck (21), the first motor (11) is started to drive the first screw (12) and the second screw (14) to rotate reversely, and the sliding plate (6) is driven to return to the central position of the first box body (1);
secondly, fixing: the control chip (39) controls the cylinder I (36) to slowly rise, the motor II (33) controls the spindle I (38) to rotate back and forth within an angle of 30 degrees, along with the slow rise of the cylinder I (36), the drill bit (30) at the top of the spindle I (38) drills into the bottom of the raw ore, when the bottom of the drill bit (30) drills into the bottom of the raw ore, the side wing (31) slots the bottom of the raw ore, when the side wing (31) drills into the bottom of the raw ore, the motor II (33) controls the spindle I (38) to normally rotate clockwise, the spindle I (38) normally rotates clockwise to drive the raw ore to rotate clockwise, and then the cylinder I (36) rises to the maximum distance to lift the raw ore to be separated from the top of the cylinder I (37);
thirdly, adding fuel and water: the cylinder II (32) controls the telescopic rod (35) to extend out, the cylinder I (37) is lifted, the top of the guide pipe I (16) and the top of the guide pipe II (28) poke a one-way valve I (18) between the inner walls of the heating cylinder body (20) and the quick cooling cylinder body (27) respectively when the cylinder I (37) is lifted, the guide pipe I (16) and the guide pipe II (28) enter the heating cylinder body (20) and the quick cooling cylinder body (27), along with the continuous lifting of the cylinder I (37), the top of a poking rod (19) inside the heating cylinder body (20) and the quick cooling cylinder body (27) pokes a one-way valve II (17) between the guide pipe I (16) and the inner wall of the guide pipe II (28), at the moment, liquid fuel in the fuel tank (5) and water in the water tank (2) are filled into the heating cylinder body (20) and the quick cooling cylinder body (27) through the guide pipe I (16) and the guide pipe II (28), and when the liquid level inside the heating cylinder body (20) and the quick cooling, the fuel tank (5) and the water tank (2) can not fill fuel and water into the heating cylinder body (20) and the quick cooling cylinder body (27) any more due to the action of air pressure, then the air cylinder II (32) controls the telescopic rod (35) to retract, the cylinder body I (37) descends, the check valve II (17) in the guide pipe body (16) and the guide pipe II (28) is closed to stop filling the fuel and water, and then the guide pipe body (16) and the guide pipe II (28) leave the heating cylinder body (20) and the check valve I (18) in the quick cooling cylinder body (27) to be closed to prevent the fuel and water in the heating cylinder body and the quick cooling cylinder body from spilling and falling ash;
fourthly, stripping: the control chip (39) controls the four-jaw chuck (21) to drive all chuck sliding blocks (22) to move radially and slowly contract, when raw ore rotates clockwise, a large amount of flame is sprayed out by the flame spray head (42) to heat the raw ore to increase the molecular distance of the raw ore, then a small amount of water mist is sprayed out by the water mist spray head (15) to rapidly cool the surface of the raw ore due to the change of the molecular distance in the raw ore caused by expansion with heat and contraction with cold to increase the thermal stress, then the air cylinder III (24) rapidly contracts and extends out of the hammering rod (26) to hammer the surface of the raw ore to enable the surface of the raw ore to be easily stripped, and then the scraper (41) can easily strip and crush the raw ore layer by layer;
fifthly, collection: the crushed raw ore falls onto a conveyor belt (9) through a funnel (7) and is continuously sent out of the left side of the first box body (1).
CN201910368481.4A 2019-05-05 2019-05-05 High-hardness raw ore stripping type automatic crushing device and using method Active CN110152768B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2599552A1 (en) * 2011-12-02 2013-06-05 Davide Giacometti Ball-less grinding mill
CN104549678A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-29 池州冠华黄金冶炼有限公司 Ore crushing device
CN108355811A (en) * 2017-05-21 2018-08-03 青岛科锐思新材料科技有限公司 A kind of ore treatment device
CN108371330A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-08-07 许谐兴 A kind of agricultural machinery process equipment for walnut processing
CN208050027U (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-11-06 新昌县大市聚镇韩诚机械厂 A kind of stone crusher

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2599552A1 (en) * 2011-12-02 2013-06-05 Davide Giacometti Ball-less grinding mill
CN104549678A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-04-29 池州冠华黄金冶炼有限公司 Ore crushing device
CN108355811A (en) * 2017-05-21 2018-08-03 青岛科锐思新材料科技有限公司 A kind of ore treatment device
CN208050027U (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-11-06 新昌县大市聚镇韩诚机械厂 A kind of stone crusher
CN108371330A (en) * 2018-04-24 2018-08-07 许谐兴 A kind of agricultural machinery process equipment for walnut processing

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