CN110150035A - A kind of ecological recovery method and system for big slope angle soil-slope - Google Patents

A kind of ecological recovery method and system for big slope angle soil-slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110150035A
CN110150035A CN201910408740.1A CN201910408740A CN110150035A CN 110150035 A CN110150035 A CN 110150035A CN 201910408740 A CN201910408740 A CN 201910408740A CN 110150035 A CN110150035 A CN 110150035A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slope
soil
hole
big
hypothallus
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Pending
Application number
CN201910408740.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘亚斌
胡夏嵩
余冬梅
杨幼清
朱海丽
李淑霞
刘昌义
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Qinghai University
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Qinghai University
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Priority to CN201910408740.1A priority Critical patent/CN110150035A/en
Publication of CN110150035A publication Critical patent/CN110150035A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G20/00Cultivation of turf, lawn or the like; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/10Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material
    • A01G24/12Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing inorganic material containing soil minerals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/28Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing peat, moss or sphagnum
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/40Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure
    • A01G24/44Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure in block, mat or sheet form
    • A01G24/46Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor characterised by their structure in block, mat or sheet form multi-layered
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/50Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor contained within a flexible envelope
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/029Receptacles for seedlings
    • A01G9/0293Seed or shoot receptacles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/033Flat containers for turf, lawn or the like, e.g. for covering roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/20Securing of slopes or inclines

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of ecological recovery methods and system for big slope angle soil-slope, are related to hydraulic engineering technical field.The method of the present invention includes the following steps: digging hole in the slope surface of big slope angle soil-slope;Plant biological bag is packed into using soil, fertilizer and seed as packing material;Water injection pipe is plugged in plant biological bag;It is embedded in hole after plant biological bag is soaked, periodic maintenance;Packing material in plant biological bag successively includes hypothallus, seed layer and soil horizon from bottom to up;Hypothallus thickness is 25cm, seed layer 3cm, soil horizon 2cm;Hypothallus is mixed by adhesive, water-retaining agent, compound fertilizer and soil;Seed layer is mixed by seed and containing humus soil;Soil horizon is containing humus soil.The method of the present invention do not require to slope surface carry out it is smooth, have the characteristics that easy to operate, flexibility is high, and late maintaining is relatively easy, good can solve the problems, such as the ecological recovery of the big slope angle soil-slope in arid-semi-arid region area.

Description

A kind of ecological recovery method and system for big slope angle soil-slope
Technical field
The present invention relates to hydraulic engineering technical field more particularly to a kind of ecological recovery sides for big slope angle soil-slope Method and system.
Background technique
The slope slopes that side slope refers to nature or is artificially formed.Soil-slope and rock side slope can be divided by formation lithology; Permanent side slope and provisional side slope can be divided by service life.Slope greening is a kind of emerging energy effective protection bare slope Ecological slope protection mode, it is combined with traditional civil engineering slope protection (reinforced anchor bolt supporting, linked network, lattice etc.), can be effective Realize that the ecological vegetation of slope surface restores and protects.Not only have the function of conserving water and soil, environment and landscape, side slope can also be improved Greening is broadly divided into steep side slope and afforests gentle slope greening;Soil-slope greening and rock slope greening.
With the fast development of economic society, Chinese capital construction speed is accelerated, because implementing traffic, water conservancy, mine, electricity The construction projects such as power and form a large amount of bare slope.These bare slopes not only affect Landscape Ecological, some are also There are geological disaster hidden danger, influence the safety and stability of main body afforestation project.It is green to start Efforts To Develop side slope for many places as a result, Change.The environment protection significance of slope greening is fairly obvious, and slope greening can beautify the environment, water conservation, prevents erosion and comes down, Purify air.For rock slope, the environment protection significance of slope greening is especially prominent.
In arid-semi-arid region area, when the natural earth using some conventional slope ecological recovery methods to slope angle > 45 ° When matter slope or artificial soil-slope carry out ecological recovery, since there are drought and water shortage, slope leveling difficulty is big and sowing is difficult The problems such as, so that these methods are difficult to play good ecological recovery effect.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of ecological recovery method for big slope angle soil-slope and being System, main purpose is that ecological recovery effect is poor when solving the problems, such as 45 ° of slope angle or more.
In order to achieve the above objectives, invention broadly provides following technical solutions:
On the one hand, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of ecological recovery method the methods for big slope angle soil-slope The following steps are included:
Hole is dug in the slope surface of big slope angle soil-slope to be restored;
Plant biological bag is packed into using soil, fertilizer and seed as packing material;
It will be embedded in the described hole in the slope surface after plant biological bag immersion, periodic maintenance.
Preferably, spacing of the described hole in the slope surface is 20-30cm;The angle of the big slope angle 45 ° with On;The axis of described hole is vertical with slope surface.
Preferably, the plant biological bag is cylindrical body, diameter 10-25cm;The shape of described hole and size and described The shape of plant biological bag is adapted to size.
Preferably, the packing material in the plant biological bag successively includes hypothallus, seed layer and soil horizon from bottom to up; The thickness of the hypothallus is 25cm, and the thickness of the seed layer is 3cm, and the thickness of the soil horizon is 2cm.
Preferably, the hypothallus is mixed by adhesive, water-retaining agent, compound fertilizer and soil;The seed layer is by planting Son and mixed containing humus soil;The soil horizon is containing humus soil.
Preferably, plugging water injection pipe in the plant biological bag, the soil horizon and the seed layer and insertion base are passed through Matter layer.
On the other hand, described the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of ecological recovery system for big slope angle soil-slope System includes: that hole is dug in slope surface to be restored, and described hole is for accommodating packing material;
The installing packing material in plant biological bag, the plant biological bag is for being embedded in described hole;
Water injection pipe is plugged in the plant biological bag, the water injection pipe is connect with external source, for pouring the packing material.
Preferably, the packing material in the plant biological bag successively includes hypothallus, seed layer and soil horizon from bottom to up; The thickness of the hypothallus is 25cm, and the thickness of the seed layer is 3cm, and the thickness of the soil horizon is 2cm;The hypothallus It is mixed by adhesive, water-retaining agent, compound fertilizer and soil;The seed layer is mixed by seed and containing humus soil;Institute Stating soil horizon is containing humus soil.
Preferably, spacing of the described hole in the slope surface is 20-30cm;The plant biological bag is cylindrical body, diameter For 10-25cm;The shape of described hole is adapted to size and the shape of the plant biological bag with size;The water injection pipe passes through institute State soil horizon and the seed layer and insertion hypothallus.
Preferably, the angle of the big slope angle is at 45 ° or more;The axis of described hole is vertical with slope surface.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
The present invention carries out ecological recovery to the soil-like material slope using embedded cylindrical body plant biological bag, which does not require pair Slope surface progress is smooth, has the characteristics that easy to operate, flexibility is high, and late maintaining is relatively easy, good can solve dry The ecological recovery problem of the big slope angle soil-slope in drought-semiarid zone.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is construction process figure provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is cylindrical body plant biological bag sectional view provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is cylindrical body plant biological bag plan view provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is that cylindrical body plant biological bag slope surface provided in an embodiment of the present invention places schematic diagram.
Appended drawing reference:
1, soil horizon, 2, seed layer, 3, hypothallus, 4, water injection pipe, 5, hole, 6, plant biological bag.
Specific embodiment
For further illustrate the present invention to reach the technical means and efficacy that predetermined goal of the invention is taken, below with compared with Good embodiment, to specific embodiment, technical solution, feature and its effect applied according to the present invention, detailed description is as follows.Under Stating the special characteristic, structure or feature in multiple embodiments in bright can be combined by any suitable form.
Embodiment 1 (method)
Dig hole: the slope angle angle of soil-slope to be restored is 45 °, digs hole 5 in slope surface, 5 axis of hole with Slope surface is vertical, and 5 spacing of hole is 20-30cm;
Production plant biological bag: adhesive, water-retaining agent, compound fertilizer and soil are mixed to form hypothallus 3;By seed and contain humus Soil is mixed to form seed layer 4, and soil horizon 1 is containing humus soil;It is sequentially filled above-mentioned hypothallus from bottom to up in sack 3, seed layer 2 and soil horizon 1,3 thickness of hypothallus are 25cm, and 2 thickness of seed layer is 3cm, and 1 thickness of soil horizon is 2cm;It is given birth to planting Bag 6 is fabricated to cylindrical body, diameter 10-25cm;The shape and size of the shape of plant biological bag 6 and size and hole are designed just Matching;It is inserted into water injection pipe 4 in plant biological bag, water injection pipe 4 is passed through into soil horizon 1 and seed layer 2 and insertion hypothallus, by water injection pipe It is connect with external source with water pipe;It is embedded in after plant biological bag 6 is soaked in the hole 5 in slope surface, periodically inspection maintenance, such as Fig. 1 institute Show.
Embodiment 2 (system)
As shown in figs 2-4, a kind of ecological recovery system for big slope angle soil-slope, above system include:
Hole 5 is dug in slope surface to be restored, above-mentioned hole 5 is for accommodating packing material;
The above-mentioned packing material of installing in plant biological bag 6, above-mentioned plant biological bag 6 is for being embedded in above-mentioned hole 5;
Water injection pipe 4 is plugged in above-mentioned plant biological bag, above-mentioned water injection pipe 4 is connect with external source, for pouring above-mentioned filling material Material.
As the preferred of above-described embodiment, packing material in above-mentioned plant biological bag 6 successively include from bottom to up hypothallus 3, Seed layer 2 and soil horizon 1;The thickness of above-mentioned hypothallus 3 is 25cm, and the thickness of above-mentioned seed layer 2 is 3cm, above-mentioned soil horizon 1 Thickness is 2cm;Above-mentioned hypothallus 3 is mixed by adhesive, water-retaining agent, compound fertilizer and soil;Above-mentioned seed layer 2 is by seed and contains Humus soil mixes;Above-mentioned soil horizon 1 is containing humus soil.
As the preferred of above-described embodiment, spacing of the above-mentioned hole 5 in above-mentioned slope surface is 20-30cm;Above-mentioned plant biological bag 6 For cylindrical body, diameter 10-25cm;The shape of above-mentioned hole 5 is adapted to size and the shape of above-mentioned plant biological bag 6 with size; Above-mentioned water injection pipe 4 passes through above-mentioned soil horizon 1 and above-mentioned seed layer 2 and insertion hypothallus.
As the preferred of above-described embodiment, the angle of above-mentioned big slope angle is at 45 ° or more;The axis and slope surface of above-mentioned hole hang down Directly.
Place, those skilled in the art can not select from the prior art to the greatest extent in the embodiment of the present invention.
Disclosed above is only a specific embodiment of the invention, but scope of protection of the present invention is not limited thereto, is appointed What those familiar with the art in the technical scope disclosed by the present invention, can easily think of the change or the replacement, answer It is included within the scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should be with above-mentioned scope of protection of the claims It is quasi-.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of ecological recovery method for big slope angle soil-slope, which is characterized in that the described method comprises the following steps:
Hole is dug in the slope surface of big slope angle soil-slope to be restored;
Plant biological bag is packed into using soil, fertilizer and seed as packing material;
It will be embedded in the described hole in the slope surface after plant biological bag immersion, periodic maintenance.
2. a kind of ecological recovery method for big slope angle soil-slope as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the hole Spacing of the hole in the slope surface is 20-30cm;The angle of the big slope angle is at 45 ° or more;The axis and slope surface of described hole Vertically.
3. a kind of ecological recovery method for big slope angle soil-slope as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the plant Raw bag is cylindrical body, diameter 10-25cm;The shape and size of described hole and the shape and size of the plant biological bag are suitable Match.
4. a kind of ecological recovery method for big slope angle soil-slope as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the plant Packing material in raw bag successively includes hypothallus, seed layer and soil horizon from bottom to up;The thickness of the hypothallus is 25cm, The thickness of the seed layer is 3cm, and the thickness of the soil horizon is 2cm.
5. a kind of ecological recovery method for big slope angle soil-slope as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the base Matter layer is mixed by adhesive, water-retaining agent, compound fertilizer and soil;The seed layer by seed and containing humus soil mixing and At;The soil horizon is containing humus soil.
6. a kind of ecological recovery method for big slope angle soil-slope as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the plant Water injection pipe is plugged in raw bag;The water injection pipe passes through the soil horizon and the seed layer and insertion hypothallus.
7. a kind of ecological recovery system for big slope angle soil-slope, which is characterized in that the system comprises:
Hole is dug in slope surface to be restored, described hole is for accommodating packing material;
The installing packing material in plant biological bag, the plant biological bag is for being embedded in described hole;
Water injection pipe is plugged in the plant biological bag, the water injection pipe is connect with external source, for pouring the packing material.
8. a kind of ecological recovery system for big slope angle soil-slope as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the plant Packing material in raw bag successively includes hypothallus, seed layer and soil horizon from bottom to up;The thickness of the hypothallus is 25cm, The thickness of the seed layer is 3cm, and the thickness of the soil horizon is 2cm;The hypothallus is by adhesive, water-retaining agent, compound fertilizer And soil mixes;The seed layer is mixed by seed and containing humus soil;The soil horizon is containing humus soil.
9. a kind of ecological recovery system for big slope angle soil-slope as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that the hole Spacing of the hole in the slope surface is 20-30cm;The plant biological bag is cylindrical body, diameter 10-25cm;The shape of described hole It is adapted to size and the shape of the plant biological bag with size;The water injection pipe passes through the soil horizon and the seed layer and inserts Enter hypothallus.
10. a kind of ecological recovery system for big slope angle soil-slope as claimed in claim 7, which is characterized in that described The angle of big slope angle is at 45 ° or more;The axis of described hole is vertical with slope surface.
CN201910408740.1A 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 A kind of ecological recovery method and system for big slope angle soil-slope Pending CN110150035A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910408740.1A CN110150035A (en) 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 A kind of ecological recovery method and system for big slope angle soil-slope

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910408740.1A CN110150035A (en) 2019-05-16 2019-05-16 A kind of ecological recovery method and system for big slope angle soil-slope

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110670606A (en) * 2019-09-24 2020-01-10 山东大学 Straw type ecological slope protection structure and method
CN111149468A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-05-15 南京大源生态建设集团有限公司 Seed swaddle and breeding method thereof
CN111657012A (en) * 2020-06-28 2020-09-15 长江岩土工程总公司(武汉) High and steep rock slope greening structure and construction method thereof

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS62178627A (en) * 1986-01-29 1987-08-05 Junichi Watanabe Soil improving method
EP0235218B1 (en) * 1985-08-23 1989-10-25 Huesker Synthetic GmbH & Co. Process for constructing a sloping wall or embankment in particular a sound-proofing embankment
JPH08326060A (en) * 1993-02-10 1996-12-10 Tenryu Ind Co Ltd Slope protective structure
CN102498915A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN103340114A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-10-09 新疆大学 Multilayer plant-cultivating bag made of linen
CN205357221U (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-06 曾福英 Revegetation structure of high steep slag body side slope
JP2017018049A (en) * 2015-07-13 2017-01-26 株式会社アイ・イー・ジェー Greening method for soilless slope face
CN208258540U (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-12-21 浙江新景市政园林有限公司 A kind of plant biological bag suitable for shore protection greening

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0235218B1 (en) * 1985-08-23 1989-10-25 Huesker Synthetic GmbH & Co. Process for constructing a sloping wall or embankment in particular a sound-proofing embankment
JPS62178627A (en) * 1986-01-29 1987-08-05 Junichi Watanabe Soil improving method
JPH08326060A (en) * 1993-02-10 1996-12-10 Tenryu Ind Co Ltd Slope protective structure
CN102498915A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 三峡大学 Method by utilizing paper plant growing bag growing shrubs to afforest side slopes
CN103340114A (en) * 2013-07-15 2013-10-09 新疆大学 Multilayer plant-cultivating bag made of linen
JP2017018049A (en) * 2015-07-13 2017-01-26 株式会社アイ・イー・ジェー Greening method for soilless slope face
CN205357221U (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-07-06 曾福英 Revegetation structure of high steep slag body side slope
CN208258540U (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-12-21 浙江新景市政园林有限公司 A kind of plant biological bag suitable for shore protection greening

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110670606A (en) * 2019-09-24 2020-01-10 山东大学 Straw type ecological slope protection structure and method
CN111149468A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-05-15 南京大源生态建设集团有限公司 Seed swaddle and breeding method thereof
CN111657012A (en) * 2020-06-28 2020-09-15 长江岩土工程总公司(武汉) High and steep rock slope greening structure and construction method thereof

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