CN110142333A - A kind of common and conllinear panoramic skylight top cover manufacturing process - Google Patents

A kind of common and conllinear panoramic skylight top cover manufacturing process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110142333A
CN110142333A CN201910296534.6A CN201910296534A CN110142333A CN 110142333 A CN110142333 A CN 110142333A CN 201910296534 A CN201910296534 A CN 201910296534A CN 110142333 A CN110142333 A CN 110142333A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
skylight
cover
common
panoramic
die
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910296534.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王力
牛恒仁
刘强
赵锋
杨大宇
邰伟彬
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FAW Bestune Car Co Ltd
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FAW Car Co Ltd
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by FAW Car Co Ltd filed Critical FAW Car Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910296534.6A priority Critical patent/CN110142333A/en
Publication of CN110142333A publication Critical patent/CN110142333A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D35/00Combined processes according to or processes combined with methods covered by groups B21D1/00 - B21D31/00
    • B21D35/001Shaping combined with punching, e.g. stamping and perforating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21DWORKING OR PROCESSING OF SHEET METAL OR METAL TUBES, RODS OR PROFILES WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21D53/00Making other particular articles
    • B21D53/88Making other particular articles other parts for vehicles, e.g. cowlings, mudguards
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C21METALLURGY OF IRON
    • C21DMODIFYING THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE OF FERROUS METALS; GENERAL DEVICES FOR HEAT TREATMENT OF FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS METALS OR ALLOYS; MAKING METAL MALLEABLE, e.g. BY DECARBURISATION OR TEMPERING
    • C21D1/00General methods or devices for heat treatment, e.g. annealing, hardening, quenching or tempering
    • C21D1/18Hardening; Quenching with or without subsequent tempering
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/20Recycling

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of common and conllinear panoramic skylight top cover manufacturing process, which is common skylight and panoramic skylight top cover sharing die, and mixed production;Louver portion, which uses to repair, turns over integration mold design structure, realizes the molding of one sequence of deburring shaping;The measure taken is: product optimization: increasing insert intensity, guarantees that punch-die insert thickness is not less than 8mm by product optimization.Promote mold material: quenching technical is Cr12MoV integral quenching.Flange punch-die is mutually tossed about with deburring cavity plate, eliminates internal stress.Concrete technology is: drawing → repair window of overturning the heavens → surrounding shaping → skylight opening turns on one's side whole punching or skylight opening is repaired and turns over punching, sharing of die when drawing.Common skylight and panoramic skylight top cover sharing die of the invention, and mixed production;Mold is reduced to 4 sequences, and mould development, maintenance cost are low, and since two kinds of skylight top cover molds share, shortens mold conversion time, improve the production capacity of automatic production line.

Description

A kind of common and conllinear panoramic skylight top cover manufacturing process
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical fields of automobile industry Cold Press Working, and in particular to a kind of common skylight and panoramic skylight Top cover sharing die, and the mode of mixed production.
Background technique
Top cover outside plate is as vehicle exterior cladding element, and Forming Quality directly affects vehicle presentation quality, assembling quality, with people Increase to configuration of automobiles diversified demand need to produce common skylight and panoramic skylight top cover simultaneously with a vehicle.
Fig. 1 is common skylight version top cover part drawing, this top cover is three-box car form, and front and rear portions moulding is relatively easy, but day Window area shape is more complex, and conventional molding process needs four procedures to complete.
Fig. 2 is common skylight version top cover, and the detailed enlarged drawing in skylight opening region, in Fig. 2,2.1 be skylight epistome, and there are negative Angle indent moulding, 2.2 be skylight opening left and right sides position, turns over whole face there are inside negative angle, 2.3 for after skylight opening along position, inwardly There is negative angle and turn over whole moulding in flange moulding, skylight opening border, moulding process is that drawing → deburring → flange → rollover is whole.
It at four peripheral angle of top cover outside plate, since fillet is small, can not be settled at one go by drawing, need to do drawing processing, Thus the full process complete scheme of traditional handicraft, as shown in figure 3, being drawing → skylight opening deburring surrounding shaping → straight flange of skylight opening Surrounding deburring → whole the punching of skylight opening rollover.
Fig. 4 be panoramic skylight version top cover part drawing, 4.1 be the moulding of skylight opening region, relative to common skylight version top cover compared with Simply, there is no negative angles to turn over whole moulding, and traditional handicraft can be completed by three sequences, and process program is illustrated in figure 5 drawing → skylight The mouth deburring surrounding shaping → straight flange punching of skylight opening.
Traditionally scheme, common skylight and panoramic skylight top cover need 7 molds, mould development, maintenance cost altogether Height, and due to two kinds of independent mold developings of skylight top cover, when production, individually can only more be changed the mold according to two kind products Tool production, increases mold conversion time, and the production capacity for influencing automatic production line is promoted.At high cost, low efficiency, influences product competition Power.
Summary of the invention
The prior art, because of no skylight top cover, is not related to skylight area for having skylight and can accomplish to share without skylight top cover Domain bonding relation, the compensation of the face A are actually not required to consider compensation rate inconsistence problems to have based on skylight board top cover.
Panoramic skylight and common skylight drawing, which share, need to solve the compensation of the face A and skylight matching problem, due to the A of two kinds of products Face skylight springback compensation, center of gravity, matching relationship are entirely different, by carrying out a large amount of simulations point to matching relationship and parts quality Analysis increases priority control line, and big scuttle rebound compensation amount is found out in sunykatuib analysis, final to realize that drawing die shares.
A kind of common and conllinear panoramic skylight top cover manufacturing process, which is:
Common skylight and panoramic skylight top cover sharing die, and mixed production;
First step: louver portion, which uses to repair, turns over integration mold design structure, realizes that one sequence of deburring shaping forms, but by The problems such as to turn over insert intensity poor in repairing, while also needing to overcome flange lateral force, Yi Lamao.In order to solve the above problem, take with Lower measure:
(1) product optimization: increasing insert intensity, guarantees that punch-die insert thickness is not less than 8mm by product optimization.
(2) promote mold material: quenching technical improves and increases mold spare part, and quenching technical is Cr12MoV integral quenching. Cr12MoV integral quenching is optimized for by former as cast condition 7CrSiMnMoV surface hardening.
(3) flange punch-die is mutually tossed about with deburring cavity plate, eliminates internal stress.
The second step: common skylight top cover: modifying skylight opening region, and when panoramic skylight only carries out surrounding whole Shape, skylight opening region carry out mechanism switching (this switching belongs to the prior art), are equivalent to production without skylight board top cover.
The third step: common skylight top cover: turn over to skylight opening region whole, molds final products shape, this process Panoramic skylight top cover is without action.
The fourth step: panoramic skylight top cover: repair turning over, molds final products to skylight opening region, the common day of this sequence Window top cover is not required to action.
As shown in fig. 6, drawing → repair that window of overturning the heavens → surrounding shaping → skylight opening turns on one's side whole punching or skylight opening is repaired and turns over punching Hole,
Sharing of die when drawing repairs window of overturning the heavens and is only used for common skylight, is switched to no skylight when producing panoramic skylight, and four Sharing of die when all shapings, turn on one's side whole punching of skylight opening are only used for common skylight, and skylight opening, which is repaired, to be turned over punching and be only used for panoramic skylight;
Above scheme realizes mold and is reduced to 4 sequences, but when the different top covers of production, there is still a need for output to cut for third sequence mold It changes.
Common skylight top cover third sequence is mounted on third platform press, and panoramic skylight third sequence is mounted on the 4th press, raw When producing common skylight, the 4th press is set as motionless, and head part sucker rises, and is equivalent to idle station bracket, produces panoramic skylight When, third platform press is set as motionless, is equivalent to idle station.
It when the outside grip of the 4th press, while needing to grab big skylight opening waste material to production line line tail, 10 is arranged altogether Sucker, as shown in fig. 7, the first sucker 7.1 therein and the second sucker 7.2, when producing common skylight, no product is adsorbable, In gas leakage state, product can not be picked up, for this purpose, increase throttle valve in the gas circuit of the first sucker 7.1 and the second sucker 7.2, The first sucker 7.1 and the second sucker 7.2 are locked when producing common skylight version top cover.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
Common skylight and panoramic skylight top cover sharing die, and mixed production;Mold is reduced to 4 sequences, mould development, dimension Protect it is at low cost, and due to two kinds of skylight top cover molds share, shorten mold conversion time, improve automatic production line Production capacity.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is common skylight version top cover part drawing.
Fig. 2 is common skylight version top cover, the detailed enlarged drawing in skylight opening region.
Fig. 3 is the traditional handicraft schematic diagram of common skylight version top cover.
Fig. 4 is panoramic skylight version top cover part drawing.
Fig. 5 is panoramic skylight version top cover traditional handicraft schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is the shared process schematic representation of common and panoramic skylight.
Fig. 7 is the first sucker and the second sucker layout drawing of the 4th press grip.
Fig. 8 is that drawing of the present invention shares compensation coil.
Fig. 9 is that integration mold structure chart is turned in of the invention repairing.
Figure 10 is common skylight version top cover skylight local product optimization figure.
Figure 11 is that flange punch-die and deburring cavity plate are tossed about schematic diagram.
Figure 12 is wiper and pickup schematic diagram.
Specific embodiment
Top cover outside plate conventional compensation scheme is single line compensation, realizes that drawing sequence is total to take into account common and panoramic skylight top cover With being compensated using six control lines, as shown in figure 8,8.1 being wherein scuttle, 8.2 be big skylight, and 8.3 be control line.
It is researched and analysed by mould structure, louver portion, which uses to repair, turns over integration mold design structure, as shown in Figure 5.It realizes The molding of one sequence of deburring shaping overcomes weak mould strength, flange lateral force, Yi Lamao, garbage collection difficulty, waste material moving, pickup Difficult problem.Mould structure is as shown in Figure 9.
Product optimization: increasing insert intensity, guarantees that punch-die insert thickness is not less than 8mm, such as Figure 10 by product optimization It is shown;
Plucking issue-resolution: mold material is promoted, quenching technical improves and increases mold spare part, by former as cast condition 7CrSiMnMoV surface hardening is optimized for Cr12MoV integral quenching.Tension capillary effect fruit, can 5 times of continuous production lot number promotion.
Flange punch-die is tossed about with deburring cavity plate, flange lateral force F1, reaction force N1, as shown in figure 11.
Skylight waste recovery is realized by the way of the first sucker 7.1 and the second sucker 7.2 crawl waste material, and vacuum chuck is anti- Only waste material moving, material scraper and stripper solve pickup difficult problem, as shown in figure 12;
Common skylight completes process part processing when big skylight is turned over and is put into reshaping die there are the interference of type face, needs to head part stroke It modifies.When total order is debugged, the big skylight waste material of the big stroke sucker suction of three foldings is used as needed, due to size sunroof hole It is normal that position difference needs a pair of of sucker of throttling to guarantee that pickup scuttle completes process part processing.When producing big skylight product, open single To throttle valve;When producing scuttle product, one-way throttle valve is closed.Arrangement such as Fig. 7 of first sucker 7.1 and the second sucker 7.2 It is shown, closing two at throttle valve be Fig. 7 7.1,7.2.According to the general terminal-collecting machine operating position newly built, optimize process part processing The height picked up and put down, to meet the line production frequency.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of common and conllinear panoramic skylight top cover manufacturing process, it is characterised in that: the technique is:
Common skylight and panoramic skylight top cover sharing die, and mixed production;
First step: louver portion, which uses to repair, turns over integration mold design structure, realizes the molding of one sequence of deburring shaping, but due to repairing It is poor to turn over insert intensity, while also needing to overcome flange lateral force, Yi Lamao problem;In order to solve the above problem, following measures are taken:
(1) product optimization: increasing insert intensity, guarantees that punch-die insert thickness is not less than 8mm by product optimization;
(2) promote mold material: quenching technical improves and increases mold spare part, and quenching technical is Cr12MoV integral quenching;
(3) flange punch-die is mutually tossed about with deburring cavity plate, eliminates internal stress;
The second step: common skylight top cover: modifying skylight opening region, and when panoramic skylight only carries out shaping, day to surrounding Window area carries out mechanism switching, is equivalent to production without skylight board top cover;
The third step: common skylight top cover: turn over to skylight opening region whole, molds final products shape, this process panorama Skylight top cover is without action;
The fourth step: panoramic skylight top cover: repair turning over, molds final products to skylight opening region, the common skylight top of this sequence Lid is not required to action;
Drawing → repair window of overturning the heavens → surrounding shaping → skylight opening turns on one's side whole punching or skylight opening is repaired and turns over punching,
Sharing of die when drawing repairs window of overturning the heavens and is only used for common skylight, is switched to no skylight when producing panoramic skylight, surrounding is whole It is shared when shape, turn on one's side whole punching of skylight opening is only used for common skylight, and skylight opening, which is repaired, to be turned over punching and be only used for panoramic skylight;
When producing different top covers, there is still a need for output switching for third sequence mold;
Common skylight top cover third sequence is mounted on third platform press, and panoramic skylight third sequence is mounted on the 4th press, produces general When exceedingly high window, the 4th press is set as motionless, and head part sucker rises, and is equivalent to idle station bracket, when producing panoramic skylight, the Three press are set as motionless, are equivalent to idle station;
It when the outside grip of the 4th press, while needing to grab big skylight opening waste material to production line line tail, 10 suckers is set altogether, First sucker (7.1) therein and the second sucker (7.2), when producing common skylight, no product is adsorbable, is in gas leakage shape State, product can not be picked up, for this purpose, increasing throttle valve in the gas circuit of the first sucker (7.1) and the second sucker (7.2), produce general The first sucker (7.1) and the second sucker (7.2) are locked when exceedingly high window version top cover.
CN201910296534.6A 2019-04-13 2019-04-13 A kind of common and conllinear panoramic skylight top cover manufacturing process Pending CN110142333A (en)

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CN201910296534.6A CN110142333A (en) 2019-04-13 2019-04-13 A kind of common and conllinear panoramic skylight top cover manufacturing process

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910296534.6A CN110142333A (en) 2019-04-13 2019-04-13 A kind of common and conllinear panoramic skylight top cover manufacturing process

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000233236A (en) * 1999-02-10 2000-08-29 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Car body panel structure and its production
CN103128180A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-06-05 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Shareable switching mechanism for cover molds with or without skylight
CN104416071A (en) * 2013-09-05 2015-03-18 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Trimming and overhauling die used for automobile panoramic sunroof top cover
CN105946208A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-09-21 无锡吉兴汽车声学部件科技有限公司 Shared switching mechanism for flanging of auto ceilings with or without skylights
CN106914536A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-07-04 柳州职业技术学院 A kind of processing technology of the automobile top cover energy common mode punching production shared with or without skylight
CN107116136A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-09-01 四川成飞集成科技股份有限公司 Vehicle top is stamped no skylight quick switching mechanism
CN108480477A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-09-04 无锡市振华汽车部件股份有限公司 A kind of multi-product common mode production technology

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000233236A (en) * 1999-02-10 2000-08-29 Nissan Motor Co Ltd Car body panel structure and its production
CN103128180A (en) * 2013-03-06 2013-06-05 安徽江淮汽车股份有限公司 Shareable switching mechanism for cover molds with or without skylight
CN104416071A (en) * 2013-09-05 2015-03-18 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Trimming and overhauling die used for automobile panoramic sunroof top cover
CN105946208A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-09-21 无锡吉兴汽车声学部件科技有限公司 Shared switching mechanism for flanging of auto ceilings with or without skylights
CN106914536A (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-07-04 柳州职业技术学院 A kind of processing technology of the automobile top cover energy common mode punching production shared with or without skylight
CN107116136A (en) * 2017-06-02 2017-09-01 四川成飞集成科技股份有限公司 Vehicle top is stamped no skylight quick switching mechanism
CN108480477A (en) * 2018-03-05 2018-09-04 无锡市振华汽车部件股份有限公司 A kind of multi-product common mode production technology

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Effective date of registration: 20200320

Address after: 130000 No. 4888 Weishan Road, Changchun High-tech Zone, Jilin Province

Applicant after: FAW Pentium Car Co., Ltd

Address before: 130000 No. 4888 Weishan Road, Changchun High-tech Zone, Jilin Province

Applicant before: FAW Car Ltd.

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