CN110130524A - Sound insulation grillage unifies lining structure and production method - Google Patents

Sound insulation grillage unifies lining structure and production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110130524A
CN110130524A CN201910418674.6A CN201910418674A CN110130524A CN 110130524 A CN110130524 A CN 110130524A CN 201910418674 A CN201910418674 A CN 201910418674A CN 110130524 A CN110130524 A CN 110130524A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
supporting
lining
steel
sound insulation
protective layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910418674.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王卫东
郑祥才
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Lianxing Luxia Architectural Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Lianxing Luxia Architectural Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910418674.6A priority Critical patent/CN110130524A/en
Publication of CN110130524A publication Critical patent/CN110130524A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/02Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/04Discharging the shaped articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B23/00Arrangements specially adapted for the production of shaped articles with elements wholly or partly embedded in the moulding material; Production of reinforced objects
    • B28B23/02Arrangements specially adapted for the production of shaped articles with elements wholly or partly embedded in the moulding material; Production of reinforced objects wherein the elements are reinforcing members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/04Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/04Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B13/042Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of natural rubber or synthetic rubber
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/04Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B13/12Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of synthetic resin
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B25/00Layered products comprising a layer of natural or synthetic rubber
    • B32B25/10Layered products comprising a layer of natural or synthetic rubber next to a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B27/00Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin
    • B32B27/12Layered products comprising a layer of synthetic resin next to a fibrous or filamentary layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B3/00Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form
    • B32B3/02Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by features of form at particular places, e.g. in edge regions
    • B32B3/08Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by features of form at particular places, e.g. in edge regions characterised by added members at particular parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B9/043Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of natural rubber or synthetic rubber
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B9/00Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00
    • B32B9/04Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B9/045Layered products comprising a layer of a particular substance not covered by groups B32B11/00 - B32B29/00 comprising such particular substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of synthetic resin
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/58Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2262/00Composition of fibres which form a fibrous or filamentary layer or are present as additives
    • B32B2262/10Inorganic fibres
    • B32B2262/103Metal fibres
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/10Properties of the layers or laminate having particular acoustical properties
    • B32B2307/102Insulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2607/00Walls, panels

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of sound insulation grillage unification lining structure and production method.Lining structure of the invention successively includes the first protective layer, concrete layer and the second protective layer in a thickness direction.Puigging is embedded inside concrete layer.Puigging includes two pieces of building boards and the polymer damping material among two pieces of building boards;The puigging with a thickness of 20-30mm.Sound insulation grillage of the invention unifies lining stable structure, and sound insulation value is good, and environment friendly and pollution-free, overcomes existing building acoustic material the defects of decomposing, is inflammable and explosive easy to aging.Furthermore load-bearing skeleton of the invention provides vertical and lateral bearing capacity for lining, and thus obtained lining structure has the bigger rigidity of structure and anti-side rigidity, and structural seismic performance is more preferable.

Description

Sound insulation grillage unifies lining structure and production method
Technical field
The present invention relates to building wall board structures, and in particular to sound insulation grillage unifies lining structure and production method.
Background technique
Acoustic material is to refer to block sound transmission or weaken a kind of material, component or the structure of transmission sound energy, at present Common acoustic material has the organic materials such as phenolic resin, Corvic in the market, although this kind of material has centainly Insulate against sound effect, and due to its poor heat resistance, high temperature is inflammable, and easily decomposes the defects of generating toxic gas gradually by market.
The application of a variety of acoustic materials has been disclosed in the prior art.For example, CN107778689A discloses a kind of building With acoustic material, including the following raw material: 40-50 parts of polyvinyl chloride resin, 10-20 parts of calcium hydroxide, 15-25 parts of titanium dioxide, ternary second Third 6-8 parts of rubber, 10-20 parts of table Concha Meretricis Seu Cyclinae powder, 3-5 parts of hollow glass micropearl, 20-30 parts of inorfil, alkyd resin 40-50 Part, 1-3 parts of wetting agent, 6-10 parts of azodicarbonamide, 30-50 parts of peach natural gum, 5-7 parts of dolomite dust, wherein polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin is as one of primary raw material, poor heat resistance, the toxic gases such as 50 DEG C or more i.e. decomposable generation hydrogen chloride.
Therefore, it is necessary to further develop a kind of efficient, environmentally friendly, energy conservation and the acoustic material for being suitable for assembled architecture.
Summary of the invention
To solve at least partly technical problem in the prior art, it is hardened that the present invention provides new sound insulation grillage unification interior wall Structure not only has very excellent good sound insulation value, also has the bigger rigidity of structure, anti-side rigidity and earthquake-resistant structure Performance.Specifically, the present invention includes the following contents.
The first aspect of the present invention provides a kind of sound insulation grillage unification lining structure, successively includes in a thickness direction First protective layer, concrete layer, puigging and the second protective layer;The puigging includes two pieces of building boards and builds positioned at two pieces Build the polymer damping material among plate;The puigging with a thickness of 20-30mm.
A kind of sound insulation grillage of the present invention unifies lining structure, and the building board is selected from plasterboard, glass magnesium board, Calcium silicate board, one or both of cement pressure fiberboard;The density of the building board is 200-500kg/m3;It is described to build Build plate with a thickness of 8-10mm.
A kind of sound insulation grillage of the present invention unifies lining structure, and the polymer damping material is selected from polyacrylic acid Ester, epoxy resin, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, polymethyl acrylate, polyisobutyl group ether, bibasic ethylene propylene rubber, ethylene-propylene-diene monomer One of glue;The damping temperature domain of the polymer damping material is within the scope of -70~150 DEG C;The thickness of polymer damping material Degree is 5-10mm.
A kind of sound insulation grillage of the present invention unifies lining structure, first protective layer and the second protective layer difference It is set to the two sides of the concrete layer, and first protective layer and second protective layer respectively include cement mortar and resistance to Alkali glass fiber net, and be affixed in the cement mortar in the alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh;
The concrete layer includes the reinforcing layer that foamed cement is constituted, and embeds load-bearing skeleton inside the foamed cement, The load-bearing skeleton includes girder steel, the first steel column, the second steel column, supporting element and steel wire, one end of first steel column and institute The one end for stating girder steel is fixedly connected, and one end of second steel column is fixedly connected with the other end of the girder steel, the supporting element The girder steel and first steel column and the second steel column are connected, so that vertical and lateral bearing capacity is provided for lining, institute It states steel wire and is fixedly connected on the girder steel, the first steel column and/or the second steel column.
Sound insulation grillage of the present invention unifies lining structure, and the supporting element includes the first supporting element and the second support One end of part, first supporting element is fixedly connected with the middle part of the girder steel, the other end of first supporting element and institute The first steel column to be stated to be fixedly connected, one end of second supporting element is fixedly connected with the middle part of the girder steel, and described second The other end of support member
The supporting element further comprises third supporting element and the 4th supporting element, one end of the third supporting element with it is described The end of first steel column is fixedly connected, and the other end of the third supporting element is fixedly connected with the end of second steel column, institute The one end for stating the 4th supporting element is fixedly connected with the middle part of the girder steel, the other end of the 4th supporting element and the third Supporting element is fixedly connected.
Sound insulation grillage of the present invention unifies lining structure, and the girder steel is drum steel comprising upper surface, lower end Interconnecting piece between face and the connection upper surface and the lower end surface, and the upper surface constitutes the lining structure At least part of top surface, to make it as the interconnecting piece with other wall connectings.
The bottom ecto-entad of the lining structure is followed successively by bottom protective layer and lower concrete layer, and the bottom Protective layer with a thickness of 10-20mm, the lower concrete layer with a thickness of 40-50mm.
The steel wire includes the first steel wire and the second steel wire, and first steel wire and the second steel wire are distinguished It is fixed on the two sides of the load-bearing skeleton thickness direction, and first steel wire and the concrete and first protective layer Between interface distance be 20-40mm, the boundary between second steel wire and the concrete and second protective layer The distance in face is 20-40mm.
Sound insulation grillage of the present invention unifies lining structure, and the girder steel and first steel column are in the first tie point Connection, the girder steel are connect with second steel column in the second tie point;First tie point and second tie point point Not Bao Kuo first through ring flat-plate, second run through ring flat-plate and connecting square pipes.
The second aspect of the present invention provides a kind of production method of sound insulation grillage unification lining structure, including following step It is rapid:
(1) unwrapping wire in the die station of machining production line, and side form is installed according to the size of wallboard, wherein it is interior corresponding to Position at the top of panel structure, side form are bonded with girder steel upper surface in load-bearing skeleton, in the position for corresponding to lining structural base It sets, side form is bonded with third supporting element in load-bearing skeleton;
(2) apply cement mortar on bed die and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh forms the first protective layer;
(3) welding body of load-bearing skeleton is lifted in template, makes the steel wire to the first protective layer with a thickness of 15- 25mm is put into the puigging with a thickness of 20-30mm in template, pours foamed concrete;
(4) apply cement mortar after foamed concrete initial set and be pressed into alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh and form the second protective layer;
(5) side form is torn open, it is steam-cured, obtain finished product.
The production method of sound insulation grillage unification lining structure of the present invention, in the position for corresponding to lining structural top It sets, side form is bonded with girder steel upper surface in load-bearing skeleton.
The production method of sound insulation grillage unification lining structure of the present invention, further comprises that step (6) is corresponding to The position of lining structural base makes the gap for keeping 20-40mm in side form and load-bearing skeleton between third supporting element, at this Apply concrete in gap, the gap for keeping 20-40mm between side form and concrete is made after concrete initial set, is applied in this gap Cement mortar forms bottom protective layer.
Sound insulation grillage unification lining structure of the present invention makes organic polymer damping material and the collocation of inorganic building board With being made composite sound insulation layer, energy be able to in-fighting when one side part sound can pass through polymer damping material, on the other hand multiple Polymer damping material inside mould assembly puigging has decoupling weakening effect, significantly weakens the coupling of plate and building Effect, sound insulation property further increase.
Sound insulation grillage of the invention unifies lining stable structure, and sound insulation value is good, and environment friendly and pollution-free, overcomes existing Acoustic material for building the defects of decomposing, is inflammable and explosive easy to aging.Furthermore sound insulating sheet material of the invention unification lining structure can It as assembled architecture component, can build in batch, and pattern is abundant.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of diagrammatic cross-section of Exemplary acoustic barrier grillage unification lining of Fig. 1.
Fig. 2 is a kind of front view of exemplary load-bearing skeleton.
Fig. 3 is a kind of lateral plan of exemplary load-bearing skeleton.
Fig. 4 is the connection structure diagram of a kind of exemplary lining and floor.
It should be noted that unless otherwise indicated, then indicating that the unit of length is mm in no attached drawing of the invention.
Description of symbols:
The first protective layer of 100-, the second protective layer of 200-, 300- concrete layer, 400- lower concrete layer, the bottom 500- Protective layer, 600- puigging, 30- load-bearing skeleton, 31- girder steel, the first steel column of 32-, the second steel column of 33-, 34- supporting element, 35- steel Silk screen, the first supporting element of 241-, the second supporting element of 342-, 343- third supporting element, the 4th supporting element of 344-, 314- middle part, The first fixed plate of 161-, the second fixed plate of 162-, 163- third fixed plate, the upper surface 311-, the lower end surface 312-, 313- connection Portion, 40- stiffening plate, 50-C fashioned iron.
Specific embodiment
The existing various exemplary embodiment that the present invention will be described in detail, the detailed description are not considered as to limit of the invention System, and it is understood as the more detailed description to certain aspects of the invention, characteristic and embodiment.
It should be understood that it is to describe special embodiment that heretofore described term, which is only, it is not intended to limit this hair It is bright.In addition, for the numberical range in the present invention, it is thus understood that specifically disclose the range upper and lower bound and they it Between each median.Median and any other statement value in any statement value or stated ranges or in the range Lesser range is also included in the present invention each of between interior median.These small range of upper and lower bounds can be independent Ground includes or excludes in range.
Unless otherwise stated, all technical and scientific terms used herein has the routine in field of the present invention The normally understood identical meanings of technical staff.Although the present invention only describes preferred method and material, of the invention Implement or also can be used and similar or equivalent any method and material described herein in testing.The institute mentioned in this specification There is document to be incorporated by reference into, to disclosure and description method relevant to the document and/or material.It is incorporated to any When document conflicts, it is subject to the content of this specification.Unless otherwise stated, " % " is the percentage based on weight.
Term " sound insulation grillage unifies lining structure " of the invention refers to the prefabricated components for assembling building, It is the modular construction that can be used alone, transport, is different from building and its part-structure.
Term " being fixedly connected " of the invention include removably be fixedly connected or the fixed of non-dismountable mode connects It connects.Removably is fixedly connected including being bolted.Non-dismountable mode is fixedly connected including welding etc..The present invention It is preferably fixedly connected as being fixedly connected for non-dismountable mode, such as is welded.
[sound insulation grillage unifies lining structure]
The first aspect of the present invention provides a kind of sound insulation grillage unification lining structure.Successively include in a thickness direction First protective layer, concrete layer and the second protective layer.Puigging is embedded in the inside of concrete layer.The following detailed description of each knot Structure.
Protective layer
Protective layer of the invention includes the first protective layer and the second protective layer, they are respectively arranged at the two of concrete layer Side.First protective layer and the second protective layer can respectively include cement mortar and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh.Cement is affixed in alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh In mortar.The cement of 1:3 weight ratio and the mixture of mortar can be used in cement mortar as described herein.Alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh can interior patch In cement sand bed.The thickness of first protective layer is generally 10-20mm, preferably 10-15mm.The composition and thickness of second protective layer Degree range is identical as the first protective layer, and details are not described herein.
Concrete layer
Concrete layer of the invention includes the reinforcing layer that foamed cement is constituted.The thickness of reinforcing layer is generally 160-180mm, It is preferred that 165-175mm.In the present invention, puigging is embedded in the inside of foamed cement, optionally further embeds load-bearing skeleton.
Puigging
Puigging of the invention includes two pieces of building boards and the polymer damping material among two pieces of building boards; The puigging with a thickness of 20-30mm.Building board is in plasterboard, glass magnesium board, calcium silicate board, cement pressure fiberboard One or two.The density of building board is 200-500kg/m3;Building board with a thickness of 8-10mm.Macromolecule damps material Material is selected from polyacrylate, epoxy resin, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, polymethyl acrylate, polyisobutyl group ether, binary second third One of rubber, ethylene propylene diene rubber.The damping temperature domain of polymer damping material is within the scope of -70~150 DEG C;Macromolecule resistance Damping material with a thickness of 5-10mm.
Load-bearing skeleton
Load-bearing skeleton of the invention includes girder steel, the first steel column, the second steel column, support component and optionally steel wire.The One end of one steel column is fixedly connected with one end of girder steel, and one end of the second steel column is fixedly connected with the other end of girder steel.The present invention Sometimes the first steel column and the second steel column are referred to as steel column.
Girder steel of the invention is located at the side in lining structure level direction, hardened for support interior wall in the horizontal direction Structure.Preferably, girder steel of the invention is drum steel comprising between upper surface, lower end surface and connection upper surface and lower end surface Interconnecting piece.Preferably, upper surface constitutes the top surface of lining structure.Upper surface can be used for the steel for example with other walls Component is fixedly connected, such as is welded.In addition, upper surface can also be used to for example be fixedly connected with reinforcer, for example, welding from And make it as the interconnecting piece with other wall connectings.
First steel column and the second steel column of the invention for supporting lining structure in the vertical direction.Preferably, first Steel column and the second steel column length having the same, it is further preferred that the length corresponds to floor absolute altitude.It is further preferred that first Steel column and the second steel column are respectively perpendicular to the girder steel, and are fixed on the same plane side of girder steel in parallel.Preferably, the first steel Horizontal distance between column and the second steel column corresponds to the length of girder steel, and corresponds to the length of required wall.The material of steel column Material is not particularly limited, as long as with supportive body structure and going along with sb. to guard him the performance of required load-bearing, the example includes but unlimited In profiles such as steel square tube, drum steel, cylindrical steel tube and rectangular tubes.Present invention preferably uses square tubes as steel column.In certain embodiment party In case, steel column of the invention uses 250*8 square tube as steel column.
Although the present invention only refers to that the first steel column and the second steel column, steel column of the invention are not excluded for including other steel Column, for example, third steel column, the 4th steel column etc., as long as not influencing the object of the invention realization.
Support component of the invention is for connecting girder steel and steel column, to provide vertical and lateral load-bearing for lining Power.The material of support component is not particularly limited, and any material, including but not limited to square tube, drum steel, cylindrical steel tube and square can be used The profiles such as shape pipe.Present invention preferably uses square tubes.
In the present invention, support component includes the first supporting element and the second supporting element.One end of first supporting element and girder steel Middle part is fixedly connected, and the other end of the first supporting element is fixedly connected with the first steel column, to make the first supporting element with the side of inclination Formula setting.One end of second supporting element is fixedly connected with the middle part of girder steel, and the other end of the second supporting element and the second steel column are solid Fixed connection, so that the second supporting element be made to be arranged in an inclined manner.Preferably, the length of the length of the first supporting element and the second supporting element Spend identical, the more preferably respectively greater than length of the first steel column or the second steel column.Preferably, the fixation of the first supporting element and girder steel Tie point is overlapped with the second supporting element with the fixed connection point of girder steel.It is highly preferred that the fixation of the first supporting element and the first steel column Tie point is located at the end of the first steel column, and the fixed connection point of the second supporting element and the second steel column is located at the end of the second steel column. It should be noted that " middle part of girder steel " herein is not necessarily referring to the absolute middle position of girder steel, and refer to relative to girder steel end Relative intermediate position for end.For example, middle part can be any position away from one end 1/6 to 1/2 of girder steel.First support Part and the second supporting element can " eight " font, " people " font or "×" font be fixed between girder steel and steel column.
Support component of the invention still further comprises third supporting element.One end of third supporting element is fixed with the first steel column Connection, the other end of third supporting element are fixedly connected with the second steel column.Preferably, third supporting element is fixedly connected on the first steel column With the end of the second steel column.It is highly preferred that third supporting element is parallel to girder steel.
Support component of the invention still further comprises the 4th supporting element.One end of 4th supporting element and the middle part of girder steel It is fixedly connected, the other end of the 4th supporting element is fixedly connected with third supporting element.Preferably, the other end of the 4th supporting element and The middle position of three supporting elements is fixedly connected.
Steel wire of the invention is fixedly connected on girder steel and steel column.Steel wire can be usedSteel fabric sheet.It is preferred that Ground, steel wire of the invention is embedded in concrete, so that steel wire be avoided to be affected by the external environment, and then guarantees steel skeleton Antirust requirement, fire protection requirement, cold-prevention bridge requirement etc..The number of plies of steel wire does not limit, and can be also possible to bilayer with one layer, point Not Gu Ding (for example, welding) in two sides of load-bearing skeleton.Preferably, steel wire of the invention includes the first steel wire and the Two steel wires.First steel wire is 20-40mm, preferably 25-35mm at a distance from the interface between concrete and the first protective layer. Second steel wire is 20-40mm, preferably 25-35mm at a distance from the interface between concrete and second protective layer.
Tie point
Tie point of the invention refers to the connection site between girder steel end and steel column end.It include girder steel one end with The second tie point between the other end and the second steel column of the first tie point and girder steel between first steel column.
Lining of the invention belongs to complete fabricated building structure, and such building structure, which removes, needs lining itself It is required that outer, it is also necessary to there is enough rigidity and globality by the building that its assembly obtains, to guarantee building entirety Load-bearing and various stress.Therefore between lining and the connection structure between lining and other wallboards or floor is crucial. Tie point of the invention belongs to welded connecting point.First tie point of the invention can be identical with the second tie point, can also not Together.Regardless of whether identical can be collectively referred to as tie point of the invention herein.
In certain embodiments, tie point of the invention runs through ring flat-plate and connection side through ring flat-plate, second including first Pipe.First sets gradually through ring flat-plate, connecting square pipes and second through ring flat-plate from top to down.Specifically, first is solid through ring flat-plate Due to the upper square section of connecting square pipes, and the first edge through ring flat-plate with the upper square section for protruding from connecting square pipes, first Part edge through ring flat-plate is fixedly connected with the upper surface of drum girder steel.Second is fixed on the lower section of connecting square pipes through ring flat-plate Section, and the second edge through ring flat-plate with the lower square section for protruding from connecting square pipes, second runs through the part edge of ring flat-plate It is fixedly connected with the lower end surface of drum girder steel.The structure of load-bearing skeleton can be greatly increased by above-mentioned tie point.
Preferably, sound insulation grillage of the invention unification lining structure includes top and bottom.The upper surface of top surface packet Include the upper surface of drum steel and the section of concrete layer and protective layer.Bottom ecto-entad of the invention is followed successively by bottom protection Layer and lower concrete layer, and bottom protective layer with a thickness of 10-20mm, lower concrete layer with a thickness of 40-50mm.Bottom Protective layer can be with protective layer composition having the same of the invention.Lower concrete layer can be having the same with above-mentioned concrete layer Composition.
[production method]
The second aspect of the present invention, provide sound insulation grillage unification lining structure production method, the present invention sometimes referred to as For " method of the invention ", it is industrialized mass production method, can be produced in batches in specific dimensions and specification in workshop Wallboard.Specifically, the method for the present invention includes the following steps:
(1) unwrapping wire in the die station of machining production line, and side form is installed according to the size of wallboard, it is preferable that side form installs Position it is consistent with the size of wallboard.At least corresponding to lining structural top position, girder steel in side form and load-bearing skeleton Upper surface fitting.Optionally, third supporting element pastes in the bottom position for corresponding to lining structure, side form and load-bearing skeleton It closes.
(2) apply cement mortar on bed die and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh forms the first protective layer.
(3) welding body of load-bearing skeleton is lifted in template, makes the steel wire to the first protective layer with a thickness of 15- 25mm is put into the puigging with a thickness of 20-30mm in template, foamed concrete is poured in template.
(4) apply cement mortar after foamed concrete initial set and be pressed into alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh and form the second protective layer.
(5) side form is torn open, it is steam-cured, obtain finished product.
Preferably, method of the invention further comprises step (6) in the position for corresponding to lining structural base, movement The side form being bonded with third supporting element makes it and keeps the gap of 20-40mm in load-bearing skeleton between third supporting element, at this Apply concrete in gap, the gap for keeping 20-40mm between side form and concrete is made after concrete initial set, is applied in this gap Cement mortar forms bottom protective layer.Step (6) is the step of being used to form the bottom structure of lining.Preferably, step (6) It is carried out after step (4).
It is known to those skilled in the art that production method of the invention may also include other steps other than above-mentioned steps.This Other a little steps can be between above-mentioned steps (1)-(6), can also be before above-mentioned steps (1) or after step (5).
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment is that a kind of Exemplary acoustic barrier grillage unifies lining structure, and wherein puigging includes two pieces of building boards It selects with two pieces of building boards of the polymer damping material being located among two pieces of building boards, the present embodiment with a thickness of 10mm's Calcium silicate board, the butyl rubber that polymer damping material is selected with a thickness of 5mm, damping temperature domain are -10~100 DEG C.
Fig. 1 is that the sound insulation grillage of the present embodiment unifies the diagrammatic cross-section of lining.As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment every It successively includes the first protective layer 100, concrete layer 300 and that soundboard frame unifies lining structure from outside to inside in a thickness direction Two protective layers 200.
First protective layer 100 and the second protective layer 200 are respectively arranged at the two sides of concrete layer 300.First protective layer 100 Cement mortar and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh are respectively included with the second protective layer 200, is affixed in cement mortar in alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh.Concrete Layer 300 includes the reinforcing layer that foamed cement is constituted, and load-bearing skeleton 30 and puigging 600 are embedded inside foamed cement.This implementation Foamed cement is the 500kg/m of 110mm thickness in example3Foamed cement.
It include bottom protective layer 500 and lower concrete layer 400 from outside to inside in the bottom of interior panel structure, thus will Load-bearing skeleton is embedded in the inside of lining structure.Can be further ensured that as a result, the antirust of steel skeleton require, fire protection requirement and anti- Cold bridge requirement.
Fig. 2 is a kind of front view of exemplary load-bearing skeleton 30.As shown in Fig. 2, load-bearing skeleton 30 includes girder steel 31, the One steel column 32, the second steel column 33, support component 34 and steel wire 35.One end of first steel column 32 is welded in one end of girder steel 31, One end of second steel column 33 is welded in the other end of girder steel 32, and support component 34 is welded in girder steel 31 and the first steel column 32 and Two steel columns 33, to provide vertical and lateral bearing capacity for lining.Support component 34 includes the first supporting element 341, second Supporting element 342, third supporting element 343 and the 4th supporting element 344.The wherein centre of one end of the first supporting element 341 and girder steel 31 It welds in portion 314.The welding of the lower ends of the other end of first supporting element 341 and the first steel column 32.One end of second supporting element 342 It is welded with the middle part 314 of girder steel 31.The welding of the lower ends of the other end of second supporting element 342 and the second steel column 33.First The length of supporting element 341 is greater than the length of the first steel column 32, and the length of the second supporting element 342 is greater than the length of the second steel column 33 Degree.Third supporting element 343 is parallel to the setting of girder steel 31, and one end of third supporting element 343 and the lower end of the first steel column 32 are welded. The welding of the lower end of the other end of third supporting element 343 and the second steel column 33.One end of 4th supporting element 344 and the centre of girder steel 31 It welds in portion 314.The other end of 4th supporting element 344 and the middle part of third supporting element 343 weld.
The first fixed plate 161 is welded in middle part 314.Under the other end of first supporting element 341 and the first steel column 32 Square end welding, and the second fixed plate 162 is set in the lower ends.The other end and the second steel column of second supporting element 342 33 lower ends welding, and third fixed plate 163 is set in the lower ends.Third supporting element 343 is parallel to girder steel 31 Setting, and the lower end and the second fixed plate 162 of one end of third supporting element 343 and the first steel column 32 are welded.Third supporting element The lower end and third fixed plate 163 of 343 other end and the second steel column 33 are welded.One end of 4th supporting element 344 and girder steel 31 middle part 314 and the welding of the first fixed plate 161.The other end of 4th supporting element 344 and the centre of third supporting element 343 Portion's welding.That is, the first fixed plate 161 is for reinforced steel beam and girder 31 and the first supporting element 341, the second supporting element 342 and the 4th support Welding between part 344.Second fixed plate 162 is for reinforcing the first steel column 32, the first supporting element 341 and third supporting element 343 Between welding.Third fixed plate 163 is for reinforcing between the second steel column 33, the second supporting element 342 and third supporting element 343 Welding.
Fig. 3 is a kind of lateral plan of exemplary load-bearing skeleton.As shown in figure 3, girder steel 31 is drum steel comprising upper end Face 311, lower end surface 312 and interconnecting piece 313.Upper surface 311 is fixedly connected by interconnecting piece 313 with lower end surface 312.Upper surface 311 A part for constituting the top surface of lining structure, to make it as the interconnecting piece with other wall connectings.Steel wire 35 Mesh sheet is formed, four sides of mesh sheet and load-bearing skeleton 30 weld.Steel wire 35 is two layers in the present embodiment, is respectively welded in load-bearing bone The two sides of frame 30.In the present embodiment, steel wire isSteel fabric sheet.
Fig. 4 is the connection structure diagram of a kind of exemplary lining and floor.As shown in figure 4, making in lining of the invention Upper surface 311 for the drum steel of girder steel 31 is securely connect by stiffening plate 40 with the C-type steel 50 of floor.Wherein stiffening plate 40 with Upper surface 311 is welded, while stiffening plate 40 is also welded with C-type steel 50, so that lining be made to be fixedly connected with floor.Structure tool There is more excellent connection effect.
Without departing substantially from the scope or spirit of the invention, the specific embodiment of description of the invention can be done more Kind improvements and changes, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Other realities obtained by specification of the invention Applying mode for technical personnel is apparent obtain.Present specification and embodiment are merely exemplary.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sound insulation grillage unifies lining structure, which is characterized in that in a thickness direction successively include the first protective layer, mixed Solidifying soil layer and the second protective layer are embedded with the puigging that overall thickness is 20-30mm, the sound insulation in the inside of the concrete layer Layer includes at least two pieces of building boards and the polymer damping material with a thickness of 5-10mm among two pieces of building boards.
2. sound insulation grillage according to claim 1 unifies lining structure, which is characterized in that the building board is selected from stone One or both of cream plate, glass magnesium board, calcium silicate board, cement pressure fiberboard;The density of the building board is 200- 500kg/m3, with a thickness of 8-10mm.
3. sound insulation grillage according to claim 1 unifies lining structure, which is characterized in that the polymer damping material Damping temperature domain within the scope of -70~150 DEG C, and be selected from polyacrylate, epoxy resin, butyl rubber, nitrile rubber, poly- third One of e pioic acid methyl ester, polyisobutyl group ether, bibasic ethylene propylene rubber and ethylene propylene diene rubber.
4. sound insulation grillage according to claim 1 unifies lining structure, which is characterized in that first protective layer and the Two protective layers are respectively arranged at the two sides of the concrete layer, and first protective layer and second protective layer respectively include Cement mortar and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh, and be affixed in the cement mortar in the alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh;
The concrete layer includes the reinforcing layer that foamed cement is constituted, and load-bearing skeleton is embedded inside the foamed cement, described Load-bearing skeleton includes girder steel, the first steel column, the second steel column and support component, one end of first steel column and the one of the girder steel End is fixedly connected, and one end of second steel column is fixedly connected with the other end of the girder steel, and the supporting element connects the steel Beam and first steel column and the second steel column, to provide vertical and lateral bearing capacity for lining.
5. sound insulation grillage according to claim 4 unifies lining structure, which is characterized in that the support component includes the In one supporting element, the second supporting element, the second supporting element and the 4th supporting element, one end of first supporting element and the girder steel Between portion be fixedly connected, the other end of first supporting element is fixedly connected with first steel column, the one of second supporting element End is fixedly connected with the middle part of the girder steel, and the other end of second supporting element is fixedly connected with second steel column, institute The one end for stating third supporting element is fixedly connected with the end of first steel column, the other end of the third supporting element and described the The end of two steel columns is fixedly connected, and one end of the 4th supporting element is fixedly connected with the middle part of the girder steel, and the described 4th The other end of supporting element is fixedly connected with the third supporting element.
6. sound insulation grillage according to claim 5 unifies lining structure, which is characterized in that the girder steel is drum steel, It includes upper surface, lower end surface and connects interconnecting piece between the upper surface and the lower end surface, and the upper surface structure At at least part of the top surface of the lining structure, to make it as the interconnecting piece with other wall connectings.
7. sound insulation grillage according to claim 6 unifies lining structure, which is characterized in that the girder steel and described first Steel column is connected in the first tie point, and the girder steel is connect with second steel column in the second tie point;First tie point and Second tie point respectively includes first through ring flat-plate, second through ring flat-plate and connecting square pipes.
8. a kind of production method of sound insulation grillage unification lining structure, which comprises the following steps:
(1) unwrapping wire in the die station of machining production line, and side form is installed according to the size of wallboard, wherein corresponding to lining The position of structural top, side form are bonded with girder steel upper surface in load-bearing skeleton, in the position for corresponding to lining structural base, side Mould is bonded with third supporting element in load-bearing skeleton;
(2) apply cement mortar on bed die and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh forms the first protective layer;
(3) welding body of load-bearing skeleton is lifted in template, makes the steel wire to the first protective layer with a thickness of 15- 25mm is put into the puigging with a thickness of 20-30mm in template, pours foamed concrete;
(4) apply cement mortar after foamed concrete initial set and be pressed into alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh and form the second protective layer;
(5) side form is torn open, it is steam-cured, obtain finished product.
9. according to the method described in claim 8, it is characterized in that, correspond to lining structural top position, side form with Girder steel upper surface is bonded in load-bearing skeleton.
10. according to the method described in claim 9, it is characterized in that, further comprising that step (6) is corresponding to lining structure The position of bottom makes the gap for keeping 20-40mm in side form and load-bearing skeleton between third supporting element, applies in this gap mixed It is solidifying native, the gap for keeping 20-40mm between side form and concrete is made after concrete initial set, applies cement mortar shape in this gap At bottom protective layer.
CN201910418674.6A 2019-05-20 2019-05-20 Sound insulation grillage unifies lining structure and production method Pending CN110130524A (en)

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