CN110130521A - Grillage unifies external wall panel structure and production method - Google Patents

Grillage unifies external wall panel structure and production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110130521A
CN110130521A CN201910412159.7A CN201910412159A CN110130521A CN 110130521 A CN110130521 A CN 110130521A CN 201910412159 A CN201910412159 A CN 201910412159A CN 110130521 A CN110130521 A CN 110130521A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
supporting
steel
panel
steel column
layer
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910412159.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王卫东
郑祥才
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Lianxing Luxia Architectural Technology Co Ltd
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Shandong Lianxing Luxia Architectural Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201910412159.7A priority Critical patent/CN110130521A/en
Publication of CN110130521A publication Critical patent/CN110130521A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/02Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B13/00Feeding the unshaped material to moulds or apparatus for producing shaped articles; Discharging shaped articles from such moulds or apparatus
    • B28B13/04Discharging the shaped articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B23/00Arrangements specially adapted for the production of shaped articles with elements wholly or partly embedded in the moulding material; Production of reinforced objects
    • B28B23/02Arrangements specially adapted for the production of shaped articles with elements wholly or partly embedded in the moulding material; Production of reinforced objects wherein the elements are reinforcing members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/02Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material with fibres or particles being present as additives in the layer
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/04Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B13/00Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material
    • B32B13/04Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B13/06Layered products comprising a a layer of water-setting substance, e.g. concrete, plaster, asbestos cement, or like builders' material comprising such water setting substance as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B15/00Layered products comprising a layer of metal
    • B32B15/02Layer formed of wires, e.g. mesh
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B15/00Layered products comprising a layer of metal
    • B32B15/04Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising metal as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material
    • B32B15/046Layered products comprising a layer of metal comprising metal as the main or only constituent of a layer, which is next to another layer of the same or of a different material of foam
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B3/00Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form
    • B32B3/02Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by features of form at particular places, e.g. in edge regions
    • B32B3/08Layered products comprising a layer with external or internal discontinuities or unevennesses, or a layer of non-planar form; Layered products having particular features of form characterised by features of form at particular places, e.g. in edge regions characterised by added members at particular parts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B33/00Layered products characterised by particular properties or particular surface features, e.g. particular surface coatings; Layered products designed for particular purposes not covered by another single class
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • E04B2/58Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members with elongated members of metal
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2266/00Composition of foam
    • B32B2266/04Inorganic
    • B32B2266/049Water-setting material, e.g. concrete, plaster or asbestos cement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2307/00Properties of the layers or laminate
    • B32B2307/50Properties of the layers or laminate having particular mechanical properties
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B32LAYERED PRODUCTS
    • B32BLAYERED PRODUCTS, i.e. PRODUCTS BUILT-UP OF STRATA OF FLAT OR NON-FLAT, e.g. CELLULAR OR HONEYCOMB, FORM
    • B32B2419/00Buildings or parts thereof

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of grillage unification external wall panel structure and production method.External wall panel structure includes load-bearing skeleton and wall, load-bearing skeleton includes girder steel, steel column, supporting element and steel wire, girder steel for supporting external wall panel structure in the horizontal direction, steel column for supporting external wall panel structure in the vertical direction, supporting element connects girder steel and steel column, to provide vertical and lateral bearing capacity for Side fascia, steel wire is fixedly connected on load-bearing skeleton;Wall includes surface layer, the first protective layer, concrete layer and the second protective layer of direction setting from outside to inside, and wherein load-bearing skeleton is embedded in concrete layer.External wall panel structure of the invention has the bigger rigidity of structure and anti-side rigidity, and structural seismic performance is more preferable.

Description

Grillage unifies external wall panel structure and production method
Technical field
The present invention relates to building wall board structures, and in particular to grillage unifies external wall panel structure and production method.
Background technique
With the development of modern industrial technology, house building technology also gets a promotion, and since construction speed is fast, and produces Cost is relatively low, and assembled architecture is promoted all over the world rapidly.
Assembled architecture refers to as prefabricated component component building made of assemble in site.By prefabricated components form and apply Work method is divided into building block building, plate building, boxlike building, frame board material construction structural and lift slab and rises five seed types such as layer building.
A variety of prefabricated components structures have been disclosed in the prior art.For example, CN208235787U discloses a kind of assembled Shingle nail comprising connect into the load-bearing steel skeleton and additional steel skeleton of truss;Load-bearing steel skeleton includes girder steel and bracing members bar Part, the end of girder steel offer bolt hole, and bracing members rod piece includes vertical supporting bar and skewed horizontal load bar, and the one of vertical supporting bar End is fixedly connected with girder steel, and skewed horizontal load bar is connected between the other end and the end of girder steel;Side connecting plate is connected to girder steel, oblique The intersection of support rod and additional steel skeleton, side connecting plate are connect with the second column connecting plate;Lower connecting plate is connected to vertical branch The top of the intersection of strut, skewed horizontal load bar and additional steel skeleton, girder steel is connected with upper junction plate;Load-bearing steel skeleton and attached Add surrounding's assembling reinforcement net of steel skeleton, load-bearing steel skeleton, additional steel skeleton and steel mesh are coated by wallboard matrix.Shingle nail will The primary structure members such as girder steel, support in the load-bearing steel skeleton of building and enclosure wall combine together, to improve the assembly of shingle nail Rate.
With social further development, need to further increase the technology of assembly rate and construction speed.
Summary of the invention
To solve at least partly technical problem in the prior art, the present invention provides new grillage unification external wall panel structure, It has the bigger rigidity of structure and anti-side rigidity, and structural seismic performance is more preferable.Specifically, the present invention includes the following contents.
The first aspect of the present invention provides a kind of grillage unification external wall panel structure comprising load-bearing skeleton and wall, In:
The load-bearing skeleton includes girder steel, steel column, supporting element and steel wire, and the girder steel is located at the external wall panel structure water Square to side, for supporting the external wall panel structure in the horizontal direction, the steel column for supporting in the vertical direction The external wall panel structure comprising the first steel column and the second steel column, and one end of one end of first steel column and the girder steel It is fixedly connected in the first tie point, one end of second steel column and the other end of the girder steel are in the fixed company of the second tie point It connects, the supporting element connects the girder steel and first steel column and the second steel column, to provide vertical and side for Side fascia To bearing capacity, the steel wire is fixedly connected on the load-bearing skeleton;
The wall includes surface layer, the first protective layer, concrete layer and the second protective layer of direction setting from outside to inside, Described in load-bearing skeleton be embedded in the concrete layer.
Preferably, the supporting element of the invention includes the first supporting element and the second supporting element, first supporting element One end is fixedly connected with the middle part of the girder steel, and the other end of first supporting element is fixedly connected with first steel column, One end of second supporting element is fixedly connected with the middle part of the girder steel, the other end of second supporting element and described the Two steel columns are fixedly connected, and the length of the length of first supporting element and second supporting element is respectively greater than first steel column Or the length of second steel column.
Preferably, the supporting element of the invention further comprises third supporting element and the 4th supporting element, the third branch One end of support member is fixedly connected with first steel column, the other end of the third supporting element and the fixed company of second steel column It connects, one end of the 4th supporting element is fixedly connected with the middle part of the girder steel, the other end of the 4th supporting element and institute Third supporting element is stated to be fixedly connected.
Preferably, the surface layer of the invention is lacquer layer or exterior wall finish brick layer, optionally, in the surface layer and institute Stating has articulamentum between the first protective layer.
Preferably, the thickness of first protective layer of the invention and second protective layer is respectively 10-20mm thickness, and Cement mortar and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh are respectively included, and is affixed in the cement mortar in the alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh.
Preferably, the concrete layer of the invention includes foamed cement, and the foamed cement is filled in the load-bearing bone Between frame, and the steel wire is 10-30mm at a distance from the protective layer.
Preferably, the girder steel of the invention is drum steel, and the steel column and the supporting element are respectively square tube, and described The overall thickness of concrete and surface layer is 50-100mm on the outside of square tube.
Preferably, first tie point of the invention and second tie point respectively include first through ring flat-plate, the Two run through ring flat-plate, connecting square pipes and interior lining panel;
Described first is fixed on the upper square section of the connecting square pipes through ring flat-plate, and described first runs through ring flat-plate with prominent For the edge of the upper square section of the connecting square pipes, described first is solid through the part edge of ring flat-plate and the upper limb of drum girder steel Fixed connection;
Described second is fixed on the lower square section of the connecting square pipes through ring flat-plate, and described second runs through ring flat-plate with prominent For the edge of the lower square section of the connecting square pipes, described second is solid through the part edge of ring flat-plate and the bottom wing of drum girder steel Fixed connection;
The interior lining panel is fitted vertically the outer surface for running through ring flat-plate in described first, and interior lining panel has and square tube inside The shape to fit;
Optionally, first tie point and/or second tie point include the first connecting plate and/or the second connection Plate, first connecting plate are fitted vertically in the side of the connecting square pipes, and second connecting plate is fitted vertically in institute State the side of steel column.
The second aspect of the present invention provides a kind of production method of grillage unification external wall panel structure comprising following steps:
(1) unwrapping wire in the die station of machining production line, and side form is installed according to the size of wallboard;
(2) it is laid on bed die with back-hand craft by surface material is counter, and applies 3-5mm polymer sand in the bottom surface of surface layer Slurry, applies cement mortar later and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh forms the first protective layer;
(3) welding body of load-bearing skeleton and steel wire is lifted in template, makes the steel wire to the first protective layer With a thickness of 15-25mm, foamed concrete is poured in template;
(4) apply 10-15mm cement mortar after foamed concrete initial set and be pressed into alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh;
(5) side form is torn open, it is steam-cured, obtain finished product.
Preferably, the surface material in step (1) adds mechanical drawknot device;The bulk density of the foamed concrete of step (3) For 450-550kg/m3
It is more stiff that grillage unification external wall panel structure of the invention overcomes the assembled architecture shape of early stage, stereotyped Deficiency, increase flexibility and diversity, build assembled architecture can not only in batch, and pattern is abundant.
The present invention can be used for constituting new assembly system, break Traditional Thinking, by load-bearing stress frame and exterior wall enclosure portion Divide and combine together, forms the assembled steel frame support structure system of plate (Side fascia) frame (load-bearing stress frame) unification, it is all There is the place of enclosure wall, inside is steel skeleton and special bracing members are all arranged, and the rigidity of structure and anti-side rigidity are big, and structure is anti- Shock stability is good.Building (especially house) main member can be simplified to different components by the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of perspective view of exemplary grillage unification Side fascia of Fig. 1.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structure chart of exemplary load-bearing skeleton.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structure chart of exemplary wall.
Fig. 4 is a kind of figure of exemplary tie point.
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged view of tie point shown in Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the structure chart of another exemplary load-bearing skeleton.
Description of symbols:
100- load-bearing skeleton, 110- girder steel, 111- middle part, 112- girder steel upper limb, 120- steel column, the first steel column of 121-, The second steel column of 122-, the first supporting element of 131-, the second supporting element of 132-, 133- third supporting element, the 4th supporting element of 134-, 140 Steel wire, the first tie point of 151-, the second tie point of 152-;200- wall, 210- lacquer layer, the first protective layer of 220-, 230- concrete layer, the second protective layer of 240-;10- tie point, 11- first run through ring flat-plate, 13- connection through ring flat-plate, 12- second Square tube, 14- interior lining panel, 11-1- first run through ring flat-plate edge, the first connecting plate of 15-, 16- through ring flat-plate edge, 12-1- second Second connecting plate, the inside sidewalls of 1201- steel column, the groove welding of 1202- penetration, the first fixed plate of 161-, the second fixed plate of 162-, 163- third fixed plate.
Specific embodiment
The existing various exemplary embodiment that the present invention will be described in detail, the detailed description are not considered as to limit of the invention System, and it is understood as the more detailed description to certain aspects of the invention, characteristic and embodiment.
It should be understood that it is to describe special embodiment that heretofore described term, which is only, it is not intended to limit this hair It is bright.In addition, for the numberical range in the present invention, it is thus understood that specifically disclose the range upper and lower bound and they it Between each median.Median and any other statement value in any statement value or stated ranges or in the range Lesser range is also included in the present invention each of between interior median.These small range of upper and lower bounds can be independent Ground includes or excludes in range.
Unless otherwise stated, all technical and scientific terms used herein has the routine in field of the present invention The normally understood identical meanings of technical staff.Although the present invention only describes preferred method and material, of the invention Implement or also can be used and similar or equivalent any method and material described herein in testing.The institute mentioned in this specification There is document to be incorporated by reference into, to disclosure and description method relevant to the document and/or material.It is incorporated to any When document conflicts, it is subject to the content of this specification.Unless otherwise stated, " % " is the percentage based on weight.
Term " grillage unification external wall panel structure " of the invention refers to the prefabricated components for assembling building, is energy The modular construction be enough used alone, transported is different from building and its part-structure.In the present invention sometimes referred to simply as " external wall panel structure of the invention " or " Side fascia of the invention ".Side fascia of the invention is large wall panel structure, it is preferable that this One block of Side fascia of invention constitutes vertical side wall.
Term " being fixedly connected " of the invention include removably be fixedly connected or the fixed of non-dismountable mode connects It connects.Removably is fixedly connected including being bolted.Non-dismountable mode is fixedly connected including welding etc..
[grillage unification external wall panel structure]
The first aspect of the present invention provides a kind of grillage unification external wall panel structure comprising load-bearing skeleton and wall.
Load-bearing skeleton
Load-bearing skeleton of the invention refers to the steel structure framework for bearing main body gravity He going along with sb. to guard him gravity.Load-bearing skeleton packet Include girder steel, steel column, supporting element and steel wire.
Girder steel
Girder steel of the invention is located at the side of external wall panel structure horizontal direction, hardened for support exterior wall in the horizontal direction Structure.Girder steel can be drum steel, rectangle steel etc..Preferably, girder steel of the invention is drum steel, with upper limb disposed in parallel and Bottom wing and the middle interconnecting piece for connecting upper limb and bottom wing.Preferably, drum steel of the invention is parallel to water with upper limb and bottom wing Square to mode constitute load-bearing skeleton.
Steel column
Steel column of the invention for supporting external wall panel structure in the vertical direction.Steel column includes at least the first steel column and second Steel column, and one end of the first steel column is fixedly connected with one end of girder steel in the first tie point, one end of the second steel column and girder steel The other end is fixedly connected in the second tie point.Preferably, the first steel column and the second steel column length having the same, it is preferable that should Length corresponds to floor absolute altitude.It is further preferred that the first steel column and the second steel column are respectively perpendicular to the girder steel, and fix in parallel In the same plane side of girder steel.Preferably, the horizontal distance between the first steel column and the second steel column corresponds to the length of girder steel, and Length corresponding to required wall.The material of steel column is not particularly limited, as long as having supportive body structure and going along with sb. to guard him required The performance of load-bearing, the example include but is not limited to the profiles such as steel square tube, drum steel, cylindrical steel tube and rectangular tube.The present invention is excellent Choosing uses square tube as steel column.In certain embodiments, steel column of the invention uses 250*8 square tube as steel column.
Although the present invention only refers to that the first steel column and the second steel column, steel column of the invention are not excluded for including other steel Column, for example, third steel column, the 4th steel column etc., as long as not influencing the object of the invention realization.
Supporting element
Supporting element connection girder steel of the invention and steel column, especially the first steel column and the second steel column, to be Side fascia Vertical and lateral bearing capacity is provided.The material of supporting element is not particularly limited, and any material can be used, including but not limited to just The profiles such as pipe, drum steel, cylindrical steel tube and rectangular tube.Present invention preferably uses square tubes.
In the present invention, it is preferable that supporting element includes the first supporting element and the second supporting element.One end of first supporting element and steel The middle part of beam is fixedly connected, and the other end of the first supporting element is fixedly connected with the first steel column, to make the first supporting element to incline The setting of rectangle formula.One end of second supporting element is fixedly connected with the middle part of girder steel, the other end of the second supporting element and the second steel Column is fixedly connected, so that the second supporting element be made to be arranged in an inclined manner.Preferably, the length of the first supporting element and the second supporting element Length it is identical, the more preferably respectively greater than length of the first steel column or the second steel column.Preferably, the first supporting element and girder steel Fixed connection point is overlapped with the second supporting element with the fixed connection point of girder steel.It is highly preferred that the first supporting element and the first steel column Fixed connection point is located at the end of the first steel column, and the fixed connection point of the second supporting element and the second steel column is located at the end of the second steel column End.It should be noted that " middle part of girder steel " herein is not necessarily referring to the absolute middle position of girder steel, and refer to relative to girder steel Relative intermediate position for end.For example, middle part can be any position away from one end 1/6 to 1/2 of girder steel.First Support member and the second supporting element can " eight " font, " people " font or "×" font be fixed between girder steel and steel column.
Supporting element of the invention preferably still further comprises third supporting element.One end of third supporting element and the first steel column are solid Fixed connection, the other end of third supporting element are fixedly connected with the second steel column.Preferably, third supporting element is fixedly connected on the first steel The end of column and the second steel column.It is highly preferred that third supporting element is parallel to girder steel.
Supporting element of the invention preferably still further comprises the 4th supporting element.One end of 4th supporting element and the centre of girder steel Portion is fixedly connected, and the other end of the 4th supporting element is fixedly connected with third supporting element.Preferably, the other end of the 4th supporting element with The middle position of third supporting element is fixedly connected.
In certain embodiments, supporting element of the invention includes the first supporting element, the second supporting element and third support.The One supporting element and the respective one end of the second supporting element are individually fixed in the different location (for example, two ends of girder steel) of girder steel, the One supporting element and the respective other end of the second supporting element are individually fixed in the middle part of third supporting element." middle part " herein is simultaneously The non-absolute middle position for referring to third supporting element, and refer to the relatively intermediate position for the end of third supporting element It sets.For example, middle part can be any position away from one end 1/6 to 1/2 of third supporting element.In this case, the first support Part and the second supporting element can form down " eight " font, " people " font or "×" font structure.In these embodiments, originally The supporting element of invention may also include the 4th supporting element.The set-up mode of 4th supporting element is as described above.
Steel wire
Steel wire of the invention is fixedly connected on load-bearing skeleton.Preferably, steel wire is fixed on load-bearing skeleton in advance.Example Such as, by being fixedly welded on load-bearing skeleton.Steel wire can be used100 steel fabric sheet of@.Preferably, steel wire packet of the invention Be embedded in concrete, so that steel wire be avoided to be affected by the external environment, and then guarantee the antirust requirement of steel skeleton, fire protection requirement, Cold-prevention bridge requirement etc..Steel wire is generally 5-30mm, preferably 10-20mm, more preferable 12-18mm at a distance from protective layer.Steel wire The number of plies of net does not limit, and can be also possible to bilayer with one layer, and fixed respectively (for example, welding) is in two sides of load-bearing skeleton Face.
Tie point
Tie point of the invention refers to the connection site between girder steel end and steel column end.It include girder steel one end with The second tie point between the other end and the second steel column of the first tie point and girder steel between first steel column.
Exterior wall of the invention belongs to complete fabricated building structure, and such building structure, which removes, needs exterior wall itself It is required that outer, it is also necessary to there is enough rigidity and globality by the building that its assembly obtains, to guarantee building entirety Load-bearing and various stress.Therefore between Side fascia and the connection structure between Side fascia and other wallboards or floor is crucial. Tie point of the invention belongs to welded connecting point.First tie point of the invention can be identical with the second tie point, can also not Together.Regardless of whether identical can be collectively referred to as tie point of the invention herein.
In certain embodiments, tie point of the invention runs through ring flat-plate, connecting square pipes through ring flat-plate, second including first And interior lining panel.First sets gradually from top to down through ring flat-plate, connecting square pipes and second through ring flat-plate, and interior lining panel is fixed on the One runs through the overhead surface (that is, outer surface) of ring flat-plate.Specifically, first runs through the upper square section that ring flat-plate is fixed on connecting square pipes, And the first edge through ring flat-plate with the upper square section for protruding from connecting square pipes, first runs through the part edge and drum of ring flat-plate The upper limb of girder steel is fixedly connected.Second is fixed on the lower square section of connecting square pipes through ring flat-plate, and second runs through ring flat-plate with prominent For the edge of the lower square section of connecting square pipes, the second part edge for running through ring flat-plate is fixedly connected with the bottom wing of drum girder steel. Interior lining panel is fitted vertically the outer surface for running through ring flat-plate in first, and interior lining panel has the shape to fit with square tube inside.It is excellent Selection of land, interior lining panel are made of bloom.Preferably interior lining panel is by four pieces of steel discs, four pieces of steel discs using each steel disc fit in respectively as The mode of one inner wall of the square tube of steel column is arranged.It can be integrally formed to form the shape with square-section between four pieces of steel discs, It can be connected and be formed with the rectangular shape for having section for example, by means such as welding by four pieces of steel discs.
In certain embodiments, tie point of the invention further includes connecting plate, for example, being set to the of the first tie point One connecting plate is set to the second connecting plate of the second tie point.Such connecting plate is used for consolidating between Side fascia and other wallboards Fixed connection.Preferably, connecting plate of the invention is welded in the side of connecting square pipes.For example, the first connecting plate be fitted vertically in The side of connecting square pipes, the second connecting plate are fitted vertically in the side of steel column.Preferably, through-hole is set on connecting plate, is used for Between other wallboards such as being bolted.
Wall
Wall of the invention includes surface layer, the first protective layer, concrete layer and the second protection of direction setting from outside to inside Layer.
Surface layer
Surface layer of the invention refers to the superficial layer outside towards building, preferably has the superficial layer of decoration or beautification, from And make that there is required appearance without carrying out other construction outside the building of building.By the way that surface layer is arranged, make itself and biography The external wall panel structure of system is different, the assembly rate and construction speed further increased.In addition, with traditional building completed in assembly The mode that beyond the region of objective existence carries out additional construction addition surface layer is compared, and the present invention has stronger patch in the one preset surface layer in outside of Side fascia Close intensity.This is because carried out in process and the transportational process in later period in workshop, Side fascia of the invention need through The operation such as handling specifically transported, this generic operation need surface layer to have than conventional stronger intensity, otherwise easily cause face Even falling off occurs loosening before assembly in layer.
In the present invention, it is preferable that there is articulamentum between surface layer and the first protective layer, the fitting for enhancing surface layer is strong Degree.Articulamentum and surface layer be bonded that intensity need to be greater than surface layer and the first protective layer be bonded intensity.It can be used known with bonding Property material as connection layer material, the example includes but is not limited to that by cement, aggregate and can be dispersed in water organic poly- Close polymer mortar made of object stirring.Polymer can be the homopolymer as made of a kind of monomer polymerization, can also be by two kinds Or more the copolymer that is polymerized of single aggressiveness.Polymer forms a film at ambient conditions to be covered on cement granules, and is made Cement body forms strong bonding with aggregate.Polymer network has the ability for preventing microcrack from occurring, and can prevent The extension in crack.Wherein the example of polymer includes acrylate, polyvinyl alcohol and cinnamic acrylic ester.The present invention can make With one of above-mentioned substance or a variety of combinations.
In the present invention, surface layer is not particularly limited, can surface layer that building field be selected usually used as needed, the example Including but not limited to lacquer layer or exterior wall finish brick layer.
First protective layer
In the present invention, the first protective layer is set between surface layer and concrete layer, between surface layer and concrete layer Transition.First protective layer may include cement mortar and grid material.The cement and mortar of 1:3 weight ratio can be used in cement mortar Mixture.Alkali resistant glass fibre open weave cloth can be used in grid material.Grid material interior can be affixed in cement sand bed.First protective layer Thickness is generally 10-20mm, preferably 10-15mm.
Concrete layer
Concrete layer of the invention is filled in Side fascia, mainly includes cement and sand grains.The example of concrete includes But it is not limited to lightweight aggregate concrete, foam concrete (or foamed cement) and coarse porous concrete.Foamed cement uses one side It can reduce the own wt of building, on the other hand there is certain heat insulation function, be therefore preferred.
Second protective layer
Side fascia of the invention further includes the second protective layer, and the two sides of concrete layer are located at the first protective layer, To form the protection to concrete layer.Composition and thickness of second protective layer etc. can be identical as the first protective layer.Herein not It repeats again.
[production method]
The second aspect of the present invention, provides the production method of grillage unification external wall panel structure, and the present invention is sometimes referred to simply as " this The method of invention ".Method of the invention is industrialized mass production method, can produce specific dimensions and rule in batches in workshop The Side fascia of lattice.Specifically, the method for the present invention includes the following steps:
(1) unwrapping wire in the die station of machining production line, and side form is installed according to the size of wallboard;
(2) it is laid on bed die with back-hand craft by surface material is counter, and applies 3-5mm polymer sand in the bottom surface of surface layer Slurry, applies cement mortar later and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh forms the first protective layer;
(3) welding body of load-bearing skeleton and steel wire is lifted in template, makes the steel wire to the first protective layer With a thickness of 15-25mm, foamed concrete is poured in template;
(4) apply 10-15mm cement mortar after foamed concrete initial set and be pressed into alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh;
(5) side form is torn open, it is steam-cured, obtain finished product.
Preferably, the surface material in step of the invention (1) adds mechanical drawknot device.It is further preferred that step (3) The bulk density of foamed concrete is 450-550kg/m3, such as 500kg/m3
It is known to those skilled in the art that production method of the invention may also include other steps other than above-mentioned steps.This Other a little steps can be between above-mentioned steps (1)-(5), can also be before above-mentioned steps (1) or after step (5).
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment is that a kind of grillage unifies external wall panel structure.
Fig. 1 is that the grillage of the present embodiment unifies the perspective view of Side fascia.As shown in Figure 1, the grillage unification of the present embodiment is outer Panel structure includes load-bearing skeleton 100 and wall 200.
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of the load-bearing skeleton 100 of the present embodiment.As shown in Fig. 2, the load-bearing skeleton 100 includes girder steel 110, steel column, supporting element and steel wire 140.Girder steel 110 is located at the side of load-bearing skeleton, flat with external wall panel structure horizontal direction Row.Load-bearing skeleton 100 for supporting entire external wall panel structure in the horizontal direction.Steel column for supporting exterior wall in the vertical direction Hardened structure.Steel column includes the first steel column 121 and the second steel column 122, and one end of the first steel column 121 and one end of girder steel 110 exist The welding of first tie point 151, one end of the second steel column 122 and the other end 110 of girder steel are welded in the second tie point 152.Support Part connects girder steel 110 and the first steel column 121 and the second steel column 122, to provide vertical and lateral bearing capacity for Side fascia. Steel wire 140 forms mesh sheet, and four sides of mesh sheet and load-bearing skeleton 100 weld.Steel wire 140 is two layers in the present embodiment, respectively It is welded in the two sides of load-bearing skeleton 100.
In Fig. 2, supporting element includes the first supporting element 131, the second supporting element 132, third supporting element 133 and the 4th supporting element 134.Wherein the middle part 111 of one end of the first supporting element 131 and girder steel 110 welds.The other end of first supporting element 131 and The lower ends of one steel column 121 weld.One end of second supporting element 132 and the middle part 111 of girder steel 110 weld.Second support The welding of the lower ends of the other end of part 132 and the second steel column 122.The length of first supporting element 131 is greater than the first steel column 121 Length, and the length of the second supporting element 132 is greater than the length of the second steel column 122.Third supporting element 133 is parallel to girder steel 110 and sets It sets, and one end of third supporting element 133 and the lower end of the first steel column 121 are welded.The other end of third supporting element 133 and the second steel It welds the lower end of column 122.One end of 4th supporting element 134 and the middle part 111 of girder steel 110 weld.4th supporting element 134 it is another The middle part of one end and third supporting element 133 welds.
Fig. 3 is the structure chart of the wall 200 of the present embodiment.As shown in figure 3, the wall 200 of the present embodiment is from outside to interior The direction of side is respectively lacquer layer 210, the first protective layer 220, concrete layer 230 and the second protective layer 240.Load-bearing skeleton 100 are embedded in concrete layer 230.In the present embodiment, the steel wire 140 of 100 two sides of load-bearing skeleton is respectively away from the guarantor of corresponding side The distance of sheath is 30mm.In addition, the concrete of 100 side of load-bearing skeleton and the overall thickness of protective layer are 75mm.Similarly, it holds The overall thickness of concrete and protective layer of the weight skeleton 100 away from wall both ends is also 75mm.Thus it can guarantee that the antirust of steel skeleton is wanted It asks, fire protection requirement and cold-prevention bridge requirement.
In the present embodiment, the first protective layer and the second protective layer are 15mm solid cement screed, wherein the interior alkaline-resisting glass of patch Fine grid cloth.Concrete layer is the 500kg/m of 110mm thickness between the first protective layer and the second protective layer3Foam water Mud, with two-way steel silk screen (100 steel fabric sheet of@).
Fig. 4 is a kind of figure of exemplary tie point.As shown in figure 4, the tie point 10 of the present embodiment includes first through ring Plate 11, second runs through ring flat-plate 12, connecting square pipes 13 and interior lining panel 14.First is fixed on the top of connecting square pipes 13 through ring flat-plate 11 Section, and the first edge 11-1 through ring flat-plate 11 with the upper square section for protruding from connecting square pipes 13, first runs through ring flat-plate 11 Part edge and drum girder steel 110 upper limb 112 weld.Second cuts through the lower section that ring flat-plate 12 is fixed on connecting square pipes 13 Face, and the second edge through ring flat-plate 12 with the lower square section for protruding from connecting square pipes 13, second runs through the part of ring flat-plate 12 The bottom wing of edge 12-1 and drum girder steel 110 welds.Interior lining panel 14 is fitted vertically the outer surface for running through ring flat-plate 11 in first, and Interior lining panel 14 has the shape to fit with square tube inside.The side of tie point 10 is welded with the first connecting plate 15 and the second connection Plate 16.First connecting plate 15 is fitted vertically in the side of connecting square pipes 13, and the second connecting plate 16 is fitted vertically in steel column 120 Side.First connecting plate and the second connecting plate are used for the connection between Side fascia and other wallboards.
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged view of the present embodiment tie point.As shown in figure 5, the inside sidewalls 1201 and interior lining panel of steel column 14 fittings, and be fixedly connected by penetration groove welding 1202.
Embodiment 2
Other than load-bearing skeleton is different, the grillage unification external wall panel structure of the present embodiment is same as Example 1.This implementation The structure of load-bearing skeleton is as shown in Figure 6 in example.
As shown in fig. 6, the load-bearing skeleton of the present embodiment includes girder steel 110, steel column and supporting element.Girder steel 110 is located at load-bearing The side of skeleton, with external wall panel structure horizontal direction parallel.Load-bearing skeleton 100 for supporting entire exterior wall in the horizontal direction Hardened structure.Steel column for supporting external wall panel structure in the vertical direction.Steel column includes the first steel column 121 and the second steel column 122, and One end of first steel column 121 and one end of girder steel 110 are welded in the first tie point 151, one end of the second steel column 122 and girder steel The other end 110 is welded in the second tie point 152.
Supporting element includes the first supporting element 131, the second supporting element 132, third supporting element 133 and the 4th supporting element 134.Its In one end of the first supporting element 131, the second supporting element 132 one end welded respectively with the middle part of girder steel 110, and in centre Portion is welded with the first fixed plate 161.The welding of the lower ends of the other end of first supporting element 131 and the first steel column 121, and The second fixed plate 162 is arranged in the lower ends.The welding of the lower ends of the other end of second supporting element 132 and the second steel column 122, And third fixed plate 163 is set in the lower ends.Third supporting element 133 is parallel to the setting of girder steel 110, and third supporting element The lower end and the second fixed plate 162 of 133 one end and the first steel column 121 are welded.The other end of third supporting element 133 and second The lower end of steel column 122 and third fixed plate 163 are welded.One end of 4th supporting element 134 and the middle part of girder steel 110 and the The welding of one fixed plate 161.The other end of 4th supporting element 134 and the middle part of third supporting element 133 weld.That is, first is fixed Plate 161 is for the welding between reinforced steel beam and girder 110 and the first supporting element 131, the second supporting element 132 and the 4th supporting element 134.The Two fixed plates 162 are used to reinforce the welding between the first steel column 121, the first supporting element 131 and third supporting element 133.Third is solid Fixed board 163 is used to reinforce the welding between the second steel column 122, the second supporting element 132 and third supporting element 133.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment is the production method that grillage unifies external wall panel structure.The method of the present embodiment includes:
(1) unwrapping wire in the die station of machining production line, and side form is installed according to the size of wallboard;
(2) it is laid on bed die (finishing material need to add mechanical box construct) with back-hand craft by wall face face brick is counter, and Apply 3-5mm polymer mortar in facing face brick bottom surface, applies cement mortar later and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh forms the first protective layer;
(3) by the welding body of load-bearing skeleton and steel wire (wherein load-bearing skeleton is welded by column, beam, supporting element etc., and And periphery is welded with@100 steel wire) it lifts in template, make the steel wire to the first protective layer with a thickness of 20mm, It is 450-550kg/m that bulk density is poured in template3Foamed concrete;
(4) apply 15mm cement mortar after foamed concrete initial set and be pressed into alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh;
(5) side form is torn open, it is steam-cured, obtain finished product.
Without departing substantially from the scope or spirit of the invention, the specific embodiment of description of the invention can be done more Kind improvements and changes, this will be apparent to those skilled in the art.Other realities obtained by specification of the invention Applying mode for technical personnel is apparent obtain.Present specification and embodiment are merely exemplary.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of grillage unifies external wall panel structure, which is characterized in that including load-bearing skeleton and wall, in which:
The load-bearing skeleton includes girder steel, steel column, supporting element and steel wire, and the girder steel is located at the external wall panel structure level side To side, for supporting the external wall panel structure in the horizontal direction, the steel column is for described in support in the vertical direction External wall panel structure comprising the first steel column and the second steel column, and one end of one end of first steel column and the girder steel is the One tie point is fixedly connected, and one end of second steel column is fixedly connected with the other end of the girder steel in the second tie point, institute It states supporting element and connects the girder steel and first steel column and the second steel column, to provide vertical and lateral hold for Side fascia Gravity, the steel wire are fixedly connected on the load-bearing skeleton;
The wall includes surface layer, the first protective layer, concrete layer and the second protective layer of direction setting from outside to inside, wherein institute Load-bearing skeleton is stated to be embedded in the concrete layer.
2. grillage according to claim 1 unifies external wall panel structure, which is characterized in that the supporting element includes the first support One end of part and the second supporting element, first supporting element is fixedly connected with the middle part of the girder steel, first supporting element The other end be fixedly connected with first steel column, the middle part of one end of second supporting element and the girder steel is fixed to be connected It connects, the other end of second supporting element is fixedly connected with second steel column, the length of first supporting element and described The length of two supporting elements is respectively greater than the length of first steel column or second steel column.
3. grillage according to claim 2 unifies external wall panel structure, which is characterized in that the supporting element further comprises the Three supporting elements and the 4th supporting element, one end of the third supporting element are fixedly connected with first steel column, the third support The other end of part is fixedly connected with second steel column, one end of the 4th supporting element and the fixed company of the middle part of the girder steel It connects, the other end of the 4th supporting element is fixedly connected with the third supporting element.
4. grillage according to claim 1 unifies external wall panel structure, which is characterized in that the surface layer is for lacquer layer or outside Wall facing brick layer optionally has articulamentum between the surface layer and first protective layer.
5. grillage according to claim 1 unifies external wall panel structure, which is characterized in that first protective layer and described the The thickness of two protective layers is respectively 10-20mm thickness, and respectively includes cement mortar and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh, and the alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh It is inside affixed in the cement mortar.
6. grillage according to claim 1 unifies external wall panel structure, which is characterized in that the concrete layer includes foaming water Mud, the foamed cement are filled between the load-bearing skeleton, and the steel wire is 10- at a distance from the protective layer 30mm。
7. grillage according to claim 3 unifies external wall panel structure, which is characterized in that the girder steel is drum steel, described Steel column and the supporting element are respectively square tube, and the overall thickness of concrete and surface layer is 50-100mm on the outside of the square tube.
8. grillage according to claim 7 unifies external wall panel structure, which is characterized in that first tie point and described the Two tie points respectively include first through ring flat-plate, second through ring flat-plate, connecting square pipes and interior lining panel;
Described first is fixed on the upper square sections of the connecting square pipes through ring flat-plate, and described first has through ring flat-plate and protrude from The edge of the upper square section of the connecting square pipes, described first through the part edge of ring flat-plate and the fixed company of the upper limb of drum girder steel It connects;
Described second is fixed on the lower square sections of the connecting square pipes through ring flat-plate, and described second has through ring flat-plate and protrude from The edge of the lower square section of the connecting square pipes, described second through the part edge of ring flat-plate and the fixed company of the bottom wing of drum girder steel It connects;
The interior lining panel is fitted vertically the outer surface for running through ring flat-plate in described first, and interior lining panel has and is affixed on the inside of square tube The shape of conjunction.
9. a kind of production method of grillage unification external wall panel structure, which comprises the following steps:
(1) unwrapping wire in the die station of machining production line, and side form is installed according to the size of wallboard;
(2) it is laid on bed die with back-hand craft by surface material is counter, and applies 3-5mm polymer mortar in the bottom surface of surface layer, it Apply cement mortar afterwards and alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh forms the first protective layer;
(3) welding body of load-bearing skeleton and steel wire is lifted in template, makes the steel wire to the thickness of the first protective layer For 15-25mm, foamed concrete is poured in template;
(4) apply 10-15mm cement mortar after foamed concrete initial set and be pressed into alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh;
(5) side form is torn open, it is steam-cured, obtain finished product.
10. according to the method described in claim 9, it is characterized in that, the surface material in step (1) adds mechanical drawknot dress It sets;The bulk density of the foamed concrete of step (3) is 450-550kg/m3
CN201910412159.7A 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 Grillage unifies external wall panel structure and production method Pending CN110130521A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN207878783U (en) * 2018-01-03 2018-09-18 四川省欧威新型建材有限公司 Combined assembled wallboard and assembly building body
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CN206646680U (en) * 2017-03-29 2017-11-17 姚春胜 A kind of modular assembly formula wall
CN207878783U (en) * 2018-01-03 2018-09-18 四川省欧威新型建材有限公司 Combined assembled wallboard and assembly building body
CN208235788U (en) * 2018-05-12 2018-12-14 潍坊金艺钢结构工程技术咨询有限公司 Assembled shingle nail

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