CN110125086A - A kind of volute cleaning equipment - Google Patents

A kind of volute cleaning equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110125086A
CN110125086A CN201910438813.1A CN201910438813A CN110125086A CN 110125086 A CN110125086 A CN 110125086A CN 201910438813 A CN201910438813 A CN 201910438813A CN 110125086 A CN110125086 A CN 110125086A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
volute
clamping
rack
tooling platform
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910438813.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高成
柳维均
孔明亮
许斌
朱祖良
张冠梁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Lightness Intelligent Control Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Lightness Intelligent Control Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Lightness Intelligent Control Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Zhejiang Lightness Intelligent Control Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910438813.1A priority Critical patent/CN110125086A/en
Publication of CN110125086A publication Critical patent/CN110125086A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/02Cleaning by the force of jets or sprays
    • B08B3/022Cleaning travelling work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B5/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of air flow or gas flow
    • B08B5/02Cleaning by the force of jets, e.g. blowing-out cavities
    • B08B5/023Cleaning travelling work

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of volute cleaning equipments, including the first rack, second rack, volute fixed mechanism, and the wiper mechanism that the volute workpiece being placed on volute fixed mechanism can be cleaned, first rack is connect with the second rack, the volute fixed mechanism is installed on the second rack, the wiper mechanism is installed on the first rack, the volute fixed mechanism includes tooling platform, for placing the placement pedestal of volute, for fixing the clamping structure of volute, and the deflection structure that tooling platform can be driven to deflect, the placement pedestal and clamp system are installed on above the tooling platform, the deflection mechanism is installed below tooling platform;The present invention can make workpiece obtain comprehensive cleaning by the way that deflection structure is arranged, and avoid the blind area for less cleaning occur.

Description

A kind of volute cleaning equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to automobile parts processing technique field more particularly to a kind of volute cleaning equipments.
Background technique
Volute is the turbine shroud on automobile turbocharger, abbreviation volute.Volute pressurization device is actually a kind of air Compressor increases air inflow by compressed air.Its main operational principle is rushed using the exhaust gas inertia of engine discharge Power pushes the indoor turbine of turbine, and turbine drives coaxial impeller, the sky that impeller force feed is sent by air cleaner pipeline again Gas is allowed to pressurization and enters cylinder.As engine speed increases, the exhaust gas velocity of discharge and secondary speed are also synchronous to be increased, impeller Entering cylinder with regard to compressing more air, the pressure and density of air will increase with it, so as to more fuel that burn, and phase The revolving speed that fuel quantity adds appropriate adjustment engine should be increased, so that it may increase the output power of engine.It can be seen that turbine Effect of the booster during driving of automobile is particularly important, so the turbine as its important component, then need foot Enough good quality, to bear the inertia impulsive force of engine exhaust and drive coaxial impeller, so, volute is in production, installation process In, it requires carefully to use, prevents foreign matter from entering and influencing its normal work, also to avoid scratching, damage and influence its performance.
In actual production, volute needs eight manufacturing procedures, five processing machines from the blank of casting to finished parts Bed is completed.In existing common technology, lathe loading and unloading mode is artificial loading and unloading, due in irregular shape, the majority of volute Factory inevitably will appear sundries and be attached to volute surface, wherein the iron filings in production process are main during producing volute Attachment.For workpiece in the tooling for being put into next procedure, remaining iron filings can make workpiece surface generate pressure wound, reduce product Qualification rate.Therefore, to avoid scraping damage to volute generation during subsequent packaging, transfer, installation etc., producers' needs pair Volute is cleaned.And artificial loading and unloading solve the problems, such as that this mode is, by manual operation air blow gun by workpiece after workpiece blanking The iron filings on surface are cleaned out, then are put the workpiece in the lathe tooling of next procedure in the prior art.Also there are most factories The cleaning of volute in process is used and is manually cleaned, this technology is original inefficient, and it is not only time-consuming and laborious, and because of whirlpool The style characteristic of shell and the different property of the shape of volute, it is insufficient to frequently result in volute internal washing, and still remaining influence turbine uses Sundries and cause the volute of the production batch off quality so that factory's production capacity is low.Therefore, Yao Shixian processing line from Dynamic loading and unloading have platform equipment to clean out the iron filings of workpiece automatically in workpiece transfer, mitigate staff's work load, It is particularly important.It is another in the prior art, have using automatic cleaning, liberate the volute cleaning machine of manpower, such as disclose Number be CN107962037A design, which is that volute side is put into volute fixed platform, although passing through side Portion's fixture can reduce the problems such as iron filings pressure wound between fixture clamping face and volute, but side-nip be not suitable for manipulator to whirlpool Shell transfer place, be easy to cause it is unnecessary collide with, clamping stability is poor, while side-nip mode also can be in cleaning process In cause iron filings to accumulate.
Summary of the invention
The present invention aiming at the shortcomings in the prior art, provides a kind of volute cleaning equipment, including the first rack, the second machine Frame, volute fixed mechanism and the wiper mechanism that the volute workpiece being placed on volute fixed mechanism can be cleaned, it is described First rack is connect with the second rack, it is characterised in that: the volute fixed mechanism is installed on the second rack, the wiper mechanism It is installed on the first rack, the volute fixed mechanism includes tooling platform, the placement pedestal for placing volute, for fixing whirlpool The clamping structure of shell and the deflection structure that tooling platform can be driven to deflect, the placement pedestal and clamp system are installed on institute It states above tooling platform, the deflection mechanism is installed below tooling platform.
Preferably, the deflection mechanism includes telescopic first actuator and the installation that connect with second rack Seat, the tooling platform and mounting base are rotatablely connected, and the both ends of first actuator connect with mounting base and tooling platform respectively It connects and tooling platform can be pushed to rotate relative to mounting base by stretching.
Preferably, first actuator is the first cylinder for being installed on mounting base lower part, one end of first cylinder Be flexibly connected with mounting base, the mounting base be equipped with interface channel, first cylinder pass through the interface channel and by its The other end is connect with tooling platform.
Preferably, the wiper mechanism includes waterproof construction, gas/liquid purging structure and first movement structure, the waterproof Structure includes water door by being installed on the first rack and splash guard surrounds the purge chamber constituted, the gas/liquid purging structure peace Purge chamber top loaded on the first rack, the first movement structure include the first sliding rail being installed in the second rack and The second actuator between the mounting base and purge chamber along slide direction relative distance can be changed, second actuator is set to In first rack or the second rack.
Preferably, second actuator is the second cylinder, and the cylinder body of second cylinder is connect with the first rack, described The piston rod end of second cylinder is connect with mounting base, the sliding block connecting with sliding rail is fixed in the mounting base and can be second The first sliding rail of driving lower edge of cylinder is mobile.
Preferably, the wiper mechanism further includes the second moving structure, and second moving structure includes being installed on cleaning The second sliding rail in the first rack of room top and the third driving that gas/liquid purging structure can be driven to move along second sliding rail Part.
Preferably, the clamp system includes the first clamping structure, and first clamping structure includes the first clamping element, the Two clamping elements and supporting element, second clamping element are fixed on tooling platform, are transversely provided with third on second clamping element Cylinder,
First clamping element is connect with third cylinder piston boom end, and can be changed and second under the driving of third cylinder The relative distance of clamping element,
The supporting element is to consolidate with tooling platform support shaft disposed in parallel, described support shaft one end and the first clamping structure Fixed connection, the other end pass through the sliding channel being arranged on the second clamping element and are flexibly connected with the second clamping element.
Preferably, the clamp system includes the second clamping structure, and second clamping structure includes being installed on tooling to put down Driving clamping device on platform and the third clamping element for being installed on driving clamping device end, the third clamping element can clamp It rotates and/or changes and tooling platform spacing around driving clamping device under driving device driving.
It preferably, further include the water storage mechanism being set in the second rack, the water storage mechanism includes water tank, is set to The first filter device and water circulation mechanism inside water tank, first filter device is connected with purge chamber lower part, described Water circulation mechanism includes the liquid-transport pipe-line being connected between water tank and wiper mechanism water inlet and can be by liquid in water tank along institute State the water pump that liquid-transport pipe-line is delivered to wiper mechanism.
Preferably, the water storage mechanism further includes the guiding gutter equipped with a clinoplain being set to below purge chamber, institute Guiding gutter lower drain gully is stated to be connected with the first filter device.
Compared with prior art, volute cleaning equipment disclosed by the invention is by being placed on water for volute workpiece to be cleaned It is fixed to clamp on the placement platform of flat setting, and then facilitates the volute clamping of robotic arm and place operation, avoided Existing volute cleaning equipment similar to lathe piece-holder mode like that using the fixation that volute side is clipped to lateral arrangement On platform, volute is driven to be rotated along lateral horizontal axis to clean each position, caused volute interior zone iron filings in the process of cleaning It cannot exclude with the residual packing of cleaning solution and side holding require the problems such as high to the placement of manipulator, while using deflection Mechanism pushes the horizontal positioned volute workpiece to overturn back and forth within the scope of certain angle, and matching purge mechanism can realize workpiece Multi-angle spray, and since volute workpiece is to overturn to wave back and forth around horizontal positioned state, the iron filings of volute inner cavity and cleaning Liquid can smoothly flow out in overturning rocking process from volute lower part, it is entirely avoided clean the residual buildup of waste liquid, cleaning effect Reliably.
Additional aspect and advantage of the invention will be set forth in part in the description, and will partially become from the following description Obviously, or practice through the invention is recognized.
Detailed description of the invention
The drawings described herein are used to provide a further understanding of the present invention, constitutes part of this application, this hair Bright illustrative embodiments and their description are used to explain the present invention, and are not constituted improper limitations of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of volute cleaning device disclosed in one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2-4 is volute fixed mechanism structural schematic diagram disclosed in one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 5-6 is the waterproof construction schematic diagram of wiper mechanism disclosed in one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 7-8 is that the gas/liquid of wiper mechanism disclosed in one embodiment of the invention purges structural schematic diagram.
Fig. 9 is tooling platform structural schematic diagram disclosed in one embodiment of the invention.
Figure 10 is a kind of clamping structure schematic diagram on tooling platform disclosed in one embodiment of the invention.
Figure 11 is another clamping structure schematic diagram on tooling platform disclosed in one embodiment of the invention.
Figure 12-14 is water storage structural scheme of mechanism disclosed in one embodiment of the invention.
Figure 15 is the use state diagram that tooling platform volute disclosed in one embodiment of the invention is placed.
Figure 16-17 is another embodiment tooling platform structural schematic diagram disclosed by the invention.
Figure 18 is the application scenarios schematic diagram that volute disclosed in one embodiment of the invention places pedestal.
Figure 19 is the structural schematic diagram that volute disclosed in one embodiment of the invention places pedestal.
Figure 20 is the schematic diagram of internal structure that volute disclosed in one embodiment of the invention places pedestal.
Figure 21 is the bottom substance schematic diagram that volute disclosed in one embodiment of the invention places pedestal.
Figure 22 is the structural schematic diagram that volute disclosed in another embodiment of the present invention places pedestal.
Figure 23 is the schematic diagram of internal structure that volute disclosed in another embodiment of the present invention places pedestal.
Figure 24 is the structural schematic diagram that volute disclosed in another embodiment of the present invention places pedestal.
Figure 25 is the partial interior air guide channel schematic diagram that volute disclosed in another embodiment of the present invention places pedestal.
Specific embodiment
In order to make the object, technical scheme and advantages of the embodiment of the invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention Attached drawing, the technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment is this hair Bright a part of the embodiment, instead of all the embodiments.Based on described the embodiment of the present invention, ordinary skill Personnel's every other embodiment obtained under the premise of being not necessarily to creative work, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom" "inner", "outside", " up time The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as needle ", " counterclockwise " is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of The description present invention and simplified description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with spy Fixed orientation construction and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance Or implicitly indicate the quantity of indicated technical characteristic.Define " first " as a result, the feature of " second " can be expressed or Implicitly include one or more of the features.In the description of the present invention, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more, Unless otherwise specifically defined.
In the present invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, term " installation ", " connected ", " connection ", " fixation " etc. Term shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can be machine Tool connection, is also possible to be electrically connected;It can be directly connected, two members can also be can be indirectly connected through an intermediary Connection inside part.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood in this hair as the case may be Concrete meaning in bright.
In the present invention unless specifically defined or limited otherwise, fisrt feature second feature "upper" or "lower" It may include that the first and second features directly contact, also may include that the first and second features are not direct contacts but pass through it Between other characterisation contact.Moreover, fisrt feature includes the first spy above the second feature " above ", " above " and " above " Sign is right above second feature and oblique upper, or is merely representative of first feature horizontal height higher than second feature.Fisrt feature exists Second feature " under ", " lower section " and " following " include that fisrt feature is directly below and diagonally below the second feature, or is merely representative of First feature horizontal height is less than second feature.
Unless otherwise defined, the technical term or scientific term used herein should be in fields of the present invention and has The ordinary meaning that the personage of general technical ability is understood.Used in present patent application specification and claims " the One ", " second " and similar word are not offered as any sequence, quantity or importance, and are used only to distinguish different Component part.Equally, the similar word such as "one" or " one " does not indicate that quantity limits yet, but indicates that there are at least one.
Attached drawing 1 is volute cleaning equipment disclosed in one embodiment of the invention, including the first rack 6, the second rack 2, whirlpool Shell fixed mechanism 4, and the wiper mechanism 3 that the volute workpiece being placed on volute fixed mechanism can be cleaned.Described One rack 6 is connect with the second rack 2, constitutes the frame of whole equipment, and each apparatus assembly in the present embodiment is all in the frame Under be able to connection, support and firm.The volute fixed mechanism 4 is installed on the second rack 2, and the wiper mechanism 3 is installed on One rack 6.As shown in Fig. 2, the volute fixed mechanism 4 includes tooling platform 41, for placing the placement pedestal 1 of volute, And cooperation places pedestal 1 and uses the deflection knot that can also drive the deflection of tooling platform 41 come the clamp system of fixing volute Structure, wherein it places pedestal 1 and clamping structure is mounted on the top of tooling platform 41, and deflection mechanism is installed on tooling platform 41 lower section.Under working environment, fixed workpiece on volute fixed mechanism 4 is being cleaned as tooling platform 41 is mobile or deflects Available comprehensive cleaning under the cleaning action of mechanism 3.In actual operation, the flip angle of tooling platform can be according to clear It washes and is preset with workpiece parameter, be traditionally arranged to be positive and negative 30 degree of overturning, it certainly can also be as needed in other angle examples Any setting within the scope of such as positive and negative 60 degree.In the present embodiment, for placing the fixed mechanism of the workpiece such as volute using removable Dynamic, deflectable tooling platform design plays deflection plus mobile effect to the workpiece being stabilized on tooling platform, can make whirlpool Shell workpiece obtains comprehensive cleaning, avoids the workpiece that common automatic cleaning equipment occurs in automatic cleaning process and cleans not The phenomenon that in place.Volute cleaning equipment disclosed in the embodiment is by being placed on horizontally disposed put for volute workpiece to be cleaned It is fixed to clamp on horizontalization platform, and then facilitates the volute clamping of robotic arm and place operation, avoid existing whirlpool Shell cleaning equipment uses like that similar to the piece-holder mode of lathe and clips to volute side in the fixed platform of lateral arrangement, clear Drive during washing volute to rotate along lateral horizontal axis to clean each position, caused volute interior zone iron filings and cleaning solution it is residual It stays that accumulation cannot exclude and side holding requires the problems such as high to the placement of manipulator, while water is pushed using deflection mechanism The volute workpiece of placing flat is overturn back and forth within the scope of certain angle, and matching purge mechanism can realize the multi-angle spray of workpiece, And since volute workpiece is to overturn to wave back and forth around horizontal positioned state, the iron filings and cleaning solution of volute inner cavity can shake in overturning It is smoothly flowed out during pendulum from volute lower part, it is entirely avoided clean the residual buildup of waste liquid, cleaning effect is reliable.
In the present embodiment, as shown in figures 3 and 4, the lower section of tooling platform 41 is equipped with a mounting base 44, for carrying work Assembling platform 41 and connection first movement structure.Mounting base 44 connect with the second rack 2 and is rotatably coupled with tooling platform 4. The deflection mechanism includes the design above-mentioned that is rotatably connected, i.e. a horizontal axis 45, horizontal axis are fixed in the lower section insertion of tooling platform 41 45 both ends length is more than tooling platform 41, so that a part of cylindrical body at both ends is exposed to the outside of tooling platform 41, and each logical It crosses a fixing piece 46 rotationally to connect with mounting base 44, drive horizontal axis can during rotation and fixed with horizontal axis The tooling platform 41 of connection rotates;Tooling platform 41 can also revolve under other external forces by axle center of 45 place straight line of horizontal axis Turn.In addition to being rotatablely connected design used by the present embodiment, in other embodiments, use can be able to achieve the other of similar effects Rotation connection technology can also.Mentioned-above deflection mechanism further includes telescopic first actuator 43, for driving tooling flat Platform 41 makes it around 45 place straight line axis rotation of horizontal axis.The both ends of first actuator 43 respectively with mounting base 44 and work Assembling platform 41 connects, and tooling platform 41 can be pushed to rotate relative to mounting base 44 by telescopic action.
In a particular embodiment, the first actuator 43 is realized using cylinder, i.e., installs one in the lower section of mounting base 44 One end of first cylinder, first cylinder is flexibly connected with mounting base 44, and interface channel 441 is equipped in mounting base 44, First cylinder passes through interface channel 441 and connect its other end with tooling platform 41.Wherein interface channel is opened in mounting base If the space of larger area will not be collided with mounting base during the work time for the first cylinder.It is done in the first cylinder flexible Come when pushing tooling platform 41, tooling platform 41 is rotated around 45 place axis of horizontal axis for work, at this time to guarantee that tooling platform can be with It effectively rotates, then tooling platform 41 is used with the first cylinder and be rotatably flexibly connected, the mounting base 44 and the first gas The connection of cylinder also using being flexibly connected, guarantees that tooling platform can obtain a biggish rotation model under the promotion of the first cylinder It encloses, guarantees that the cleaning effect of volute workpiece inside and outside and internal washing raffinate do not accumulate residual.
As shown in Fig. 5, in one embodiment, wiper mechanism 3 includes waterproof construction, gas/liquid purging structure 39 and first Moving structure.Wherein, waterproof construction is located at the periphery of wiper mechanism 3, including the water door 31 by being installed on the first rack 6 and prevents Water plate 32 surrounds the purge chamber 33 constituted.Folding up and down can be achieved in water door 31 under the drive of associated driver, that is, works as waterproof When door is opened, tooling platform 41 is pushed by the effect of first movement structure to purge chamber 33, is entered in tooling platform clear Water door 31 is closed immediately after chamber wash.Wherein gas/liquid purging structure 39 is installed on the top of the purge chamber 33 of the first rack 6, therefore After tooling platform 41 enters purge chamber 33, gas/liquid purging structure 39 can carry out spray cleaning to the workpiece on tooling platform 41, And because of the sealing process of water door 31 and splash guard 32, no matter cleaning solution can be avoided to the cleaning which kind of angle workpiece is It sputters purge chamber and then pollutes periphery working equipment and workplace.As shown in Fig. 6, the first movement structure includes peace Loaded on the first sliding rail 34 and the second actuator 35 in the second rack 2, second actuator 35 be can be set in the first rack 6 With the interconnecting piece of the second rack 2, can also be set to according to the design requirement of physical device in the first rack 6 or the second rack 2, By first movement structure setting in the upper end of the second rack 2 in the present embodiment.The mounting base 44 and the first sliding rail 34 pass through cunning Block 36 connects, and sliding block 36 is fixedly connected with mounting base 44 and mounting base 44 can be driven to slide on the first sliding rail 34.In this reality It applies in example, the second actuator 35 realizes function using cylinder, and the cylinder body of the second cylinder is connect with the first rack, the second cylinder Piston rod end is connect by connector with sliding block 36.Mounting base 44 is realized by using the flexible of piston rod of the second cylinder Along the change of slide direction relative distance between purge chamber 33.Pass through the shrinkage band movable slider edge of the piston rod of the second cylinder The sliding of first sliding rail, under the driving of the second cylinder, 352 end of piston rod drives connected mounting base 44 to stretch, and makes Mounting base 44 starts to move under the telescopic action of the second cylinder, and the tooling platform 41 above it is driven to pass in and out cleaning machine The purge chamber 33 of structure 3.Water door in mobile purge chamber rear in place will just close and then open washing and cleaning operation.Certainly at other In embodiment, the first rack can also be flexibly connected with the second rack, the second actuator is enabled to drive the second rack along sliding rail Mobile to be cleaned to drive entire wiper mechanism to be moved to above volute fixed mechanism, cleaning effect is also essentially identical. In certain embodiments,
As shown in Fig. 7, in addition to tooling platform 41 is mobile outer, gas/liquid purging structure 39 can also be driven moving part act on and It is mobile.Wiper mechanism 3 is equipped with the second moving structure in the top of purge chamber 33, and second moving structure includes being installed on cleaning 33 top of room and the second sliding rail 37 being located in the first rack 6, and gas/liquid purging structure 39 can be driven sliding along described second The mobile third actuator 38 of rail 37, movement of the gas/liquid purging structure 39 on the second sliding rail 37 may be implemented to workpiece The cleaning of front and back different location can be moved forward and backward realization and spray to workpiece without dead angle, and the medium of spray is divided into cleaning solution and air, Cleaning solution is responsible for cleaning up the iron filings of workpiece surface, and the air of ejection is responsible for that workpiece surface swims to clean out.Again Tooling platform 41 where being subject to workpiece can carry out the deflection of certain angle range, and gas/liquid purging structure 39 may be implemented pair The multiple angles of workpiece surrounding do not stay the cleaning of blind area, and in the present embodiment, as shown in Fig. 8, gas/liquid purges structure 39 and uses gas The spray head design structure that liquid combines combines purge of gas and two kinds of cleaning models of liquid rinse.In normal working conditions, Cleaning solution enters from water inlet 391, and gas enters from air inlet 392, and in cleaning workpiece, cleaning solution is from liquid spray head 393 Cleaning is sprayed, cooperates the gas hydro-peening of gas spray 394, not only can effectively clean the iron filings impurity on volute workpiece, Liquid can also be blown away, guarantees that workpiece surface is not excessively moist.The gas/liquid purging structure 39 is moved along the second sliding rail 37 When, it is additionally provided with a locating part 371 in the end of the second sliding rail 37, guarantees that gas/liquid purging structure 39 does not skid off in moving process Track.Wherein specifically, gas/liquid purging structure further includes gas-liquid splitter, for cleaning solution and gas circuit to be respectively classified into six tunnels, Fluid path and gas circuit can be controlled separately on-off.When workpiece has just enter into purge chamber, spray head sprays cleaning solution, and the iron filings of workpiece are clear Wash clean, after the completion of liquid rinse, spray head sprays gas and workpiece surface swims to blow off.Spray head flat-removing air cyclinder is controllable Spray head be moved forward and backward, avoid workpiece some place spray less than.
In the present embodiment, as shown in attached drawing 9-11, the top of tooling platform 41 not only has to be disposed for volute workpiece Placement pedestal 1, be additionally provided with for cooperate place pedestal 1 clamp volute workpiece the first clamping structure 47 and the second clamping structure 48.Wherein, one place pedestal and in its cooperation the first clamping structure and the second clamping structure be a volute fixed bit, one Multiple volute fixed bits can also be equipped on a tooling platform, to improve the cleaning efficiency of volute, such as attached tooling shown in FIG. 1 2 volute fixed bits are just provided on platform.It will specifically be discussed by taking a volute fixed bit as an example below, wherein first Clamping structure 47 has the first clamping element 471, the second clamping element 472 and supporting element 473, wherein the second clamping element 472 is fixed on On tooling platform 41, and third cylinder 474 is transversely provided on the second clamping element 472, the piston rod of third cylinder 474 passes through Second clamping element, first clamping element 471 are connect with the piston rod end, and therefore, first clamping element 471 can be The lower relative distance changed with the second clamping element 472 of three cylinders 474 driving;Mentioned-above supporting element 473 is and tooling platform 41 support shafts disposed in parallel, one end of support shaft are fixedly connected with the first clamping structure 471, and the other end passes through the second clamping element The sliding channel being arranged on 472 is flexibly connected with the second clamping element 472, i.e., the piston rod of third cylinder 474 is by third cylinder Under being acted under 474 driving, the movement for the first clamping element 471 that drive is connect with piston rod end, and the first clamping element 471 Movement is slided in the sliding channel of the second clamping element 472 by supporting element 473 to realize.Meanwhile in 471 He of the first clamping element Protrusion 475 is equipped on second clamping element 472, two 475 collective effects of protrusion clamp workpiece.So that volute is in support shaft On be in place after can reduce the first clamping element and the second clamping element spacing slowly again to fix volute workpiece, the presence of support shaft So that volute only need to be placed by mechanical arm, the i.e. sustainable volute workpiece of support shaft is held to defined position without mechanical arm Continuous clamping or calibration, the placement for simplifying mechanical arm continue, and provide volute shelf-stability.In other specific embodiments In, the second clamping structure 48 may include that the driving clamping device 481 being installed on tooling platform is filled with clamping driving is installed on The third clamping element 482 of 481 ends is set, third clamping element 482 can be under the driving of driving clamping device 481 around clamping driving dress 481 rotations are set, while third clamping element 482 and the spacing of tooling platform 41 clamping driving can also be changed according to workpiece needs Device can select the swing clamp cylinder of ASC company to complete, and the second clamping structure can be realized after mechanical arm has placed volute to whirlpool The limitation in the longitudinal movement direction of shell operates, and guarantees volute in the stabilization overturn in cleaning process and does not slide.In addition to the first folder Locking structure 47 and the second clamping structure 48 are placed the volute workpiece on pedestal 1 and are fixed outside clamp operation to being placed in, this Embodiment is also provided with the first positioning aid 491 and the second positioning aid 492 carrys out auxiliary work-piece positioning.In some other reality Position and the form that positioning aid can also be set in example according to specific workpiece size and pattern are applied, it can also be according to need It wants and selects to be not provided with positioning aid.
In the present embodiment, as shown in attached drawing 12-14, water storage mechanism, the water storage are additionally provided in the lower section of wiper mechanism 3 Mechanism is set in the second rack 2, including water tank 23, the first filter device 21, the Yi Jishui that are set to inside water tank 23 Circulation mechanism.Wherein, the guiding gutter 25 of a clinoplain, the 25 lower drain gully of guiding gutter are equipped in the lower section of purge chamber 33 It is connected with the first filter device 21, and the device noumenon of the first filter device 21 is located at the inside of water tank 23, i.e., the first filtering Device 21 is connected with the lower part of purge chamber 33 and extends into inside water tank 23, when carrying out normal cleaning, cleaning The liquid for crossing workpiece is postponed inclined 25 flow down of guiding gutter out of purge chamber 33, and passes through the mistake of the first filter device 21 Filter enters water tank 23, for water circulation mechanism deposit and provides cleaning solution.The water circulation mechanism includes being connected to water tank 23 With the liquid-transport pipe-line of 3 water inlet of wiper mechanism and liquid in water tank 23 can be sent along the liquid-transport pipe-line to wiper mechanism 3 Water pump 24.In some other embodiment, it is additionally provided with liquid level sensor 231 in the inside of water tank 23, it can be in cleaning solution It prompts equipment to sound the alarm when less, staff is reminded to need to increase cleaning solution to water tank.Wherein, in the outer of water tank 23 Portion is additionally provided with liquidometer 233, staff can be helped intuitively to see how many cleaning solution gone back in water tank, so as in time to equipment Make maintenance or replacement, addition cleaning solution.When occurring needing replacing cleaning solution, the cleaning solution can need not enter back into circulator When structure, it can be drained by water tank outlet 234.Meanwhile for circulation mechanism, in order to protect for driving circulation The second filter device 232, the second filtering dress can be arranged again in some other embodiment in water pump inside water tank 23 It sets and can be this kind of workpiece for impurity screening of filter, be also possible to other filter devices.Embodiment shown in attached drawing 14 Using filter, i.e. the second filter device 232.In the cleaning solution after the filtering of the first filter device 21 via the After the filtering of two filter devices 232, enter water circulation mechanism from water outlet of water tank 235, then by the driving of water pump from perfusion tube Road enters wiper mechanism 3.The filter device for adding level-one, which is advantageously ensured that into the liquid in water pump 24, does not contain iron filings impurity, To increase the service life of water pump 24.
Attached drawing 15-17 is the other embodiments that 41 part of tooling platform of the invention is designed, in the present embodiment, the second folder The clamping element of locking structure 48 is designed using letter Y type, and the top clamped design with arcuation is bonded with the annular outer cover of volute, The contact area for compressing volute is increased when fixed volute workpiece, can effectively carry out clamping work.In addition, according to practical tooling The design position of various components on platform 41 can be properly added the positioning that different shapes and effect are arranged in other embodiments Auxiliary member.In the present embodiment, the first positioning aid 491 and the second positioning aid 492 is arranged to assist placing base in addition The positioning work of seat 1 and the first clamping structure 47 and the second clamping structure 48, their specific effect as shown in Fig. 17, cooperate First clamping structure 47 and the second clamping structure 48, can effectively by volute workpiece support, card jail, be stabilized in tooling platform It on table top, can realize that the limitation to the longitudinal movement direction of volute operates after mechanical arm has placed volute, guarantee that volute is turning over Turn the stabilization in cleaning process and does not slide.
Attached drawing 18 and 19 is the concrete structure schematic diagram of the placement pedestal 1 in volute fixed mechanism 4 disclosed in embodiment, should Volute is placed pedestal 1 and is made of engaging member 11 and multiple supporting elements 12, connects on the outside of the supporting element 12 and engaging member 11, simultaneously 12 upper surface of supporting element and 11 upper surface of engaging member constitute the placed side 13 put for workpiece.It certainly can also be according to the tool of workpiece Shape selects only to use supporting element upper surface or engaging member upper surface as the placed side put for workpiece.Wherein, the volute It places pedestal and is additionally provided with debris removal structure, which includes the air guide channel being set to inside supporting element 12 and engaging member 11, And can be by the aeration vent of the gas guiding placed side by air guide channel, wherein the air inlet of air guide channel and outside supply Equipment is connected for providing lasting air-flow into air guide channel.Volute disclosed in the present embodiment places pedestal by combining Air guide channel is set inside part and supporting element, allows the aeration vent of air guide channel persistently to spray gas to remove volute and place pedestal The impurity such as the iron filings on the upper placed side contacted with volute, so that the workpiece location placed on pedestal remains clean shape State, while in the mobile placement process of the workpiece such as volute iron filings will not be lost on the placed side for placing pedestal, guarantee The workpiece such as volute are left without impurity such as iron filings placing the corresponding placement location of pedestal before putting with volute during putting, and avoid Iron filings in production operation environment drop into caused volute on placement platform and are in contact position with platform because there are iron filings etc. Impurity and causing scratches or the harm such as pressure wound.
In further embodiments, in the present embodiment, 12 top of supporting element is equipped with the first bulge-structure 121, first Bulge-structure 121 is equipped with the first venthole 142 towards placed side 13, and gas passes through from air guide channel, then from the first outlet Hole 142 comes out and blows to placed side 13, just can purge the iron filings on placed side 13 completely, to prevent before workpiece placement Workpiece place when because iron filings residual due to pressure wound.In some other embodiment, air guide channel can be also only arranged in supporting element 12 Or be only arranged in engaging member 11, the mechanical realization and workpiece type where pedestal are placed according to volute, and need to workpiece The position that needs to purge and set.In the actual production process of work pieces process, pedestal is placed if placing in workpiece to volute Before, when occurring the hard or sharp impurity such as iron filings on placed side 12, the bottom of workpiece is easy pressure wound and influences the quality of workpiece, If there is impurity on placed side 12 after workpiece is placed, then also cunning can be likely to occur when workpiece is with tooling platform movement It moves and workpiece is caused to scratch, therefore the debris removal structure of the present embodiment designs, and uses in the mechanical equipment course of work and blows for a long time Gas work can effectively lower the possibility that various unexpected impurity are fallen, preferably guarantee workpiece integrality, also reduce manpower money The use in source.
Attached drawing 20 is another embodiment of the present invention, and the air guide channel in the present embodiment is set to engaging member 11 and supporting element In 12, it is equipped with the first air guide channel 1411 in engaging member 11, the second air guide channel 1412 is equipped with inside each supporting element 12, It is equipped with third air guide channel 1413 on the first bulge-structure 121, is set in the first bulge-structure 121 towards the side of placed side There are the aeration vent of third air guide channel 1413, i.e. the first venthole 142.Wherein, as shown in Fig. 21, it is set in engaging member bottom There is the air inlet 143 connecting with the first air guide channel 1411.In addition it may be provided in the lower part of supporting element and engaging member for inciting somebody to action Volute places the stable mounting portion 111 for being installed to corresponding workpiece mounting platform of pedestal, and volute is facilitated to place the positioning of pedestal And fixation.In one embodiment, three designs can be selected in the supporting element 12 that volute places pedestal, and this three-jaw reduces Iron filings fall on the probability on positioning surface
Each supporting element 12 is connect with the outside of engaging member 11 respectively, and the first air guide channel inside the engaging member 11 It is connect respectively with the second air guide channel in three supporting elements, the number of supporting element 12 here is in other embodiments on demand The difference of degree and can be different, the other structures such as 4,5 can be used.In normal work, gas passes through air inlet 143 Into the first air guide channel 1411, the second air guide channel 1412, then road second are being entered after the first air guide channel 1411 Air guide channel 1412 enters third air guide channel 1413, finally blows out from the first venthole 142, and blow to placed side 13.One In a little embodiments, it is additionally provided with rake 1211 by placing surface side in 121 upper surface of the first bulge-structure, the first venthole of arranging in pairs or groups 142 work, can also not only reduce to avoid the pressure wound hidden danger of workpiece bottom because the top of the first bulge-structure 121 has Iron filings and iron filings are fallen or are clipped between workpiece and the first bulge-structure 121 and scrape workpiece during following process Wound, the possibility of damage.
Pedestal is placed due to the volute and is essentially metalwork, in the air guide channel for processing this volute placement base interior When, often through drilling device internally along designed angle since being placed outside pedestal the volute for being not yet equipped with venting channels Degree and depth carry out drilling operation, successively penetrate through each air guide channel, will not need to carry out after completing air guide channel drilling operation The external hole that gas sprays is shut, to prevent the gas when volute places pedestal work from leaking out from these holes, thus shadow The gas for ringing final air guide channel gas outlet goes out speed and then reduces debris removal effect, can also root when subsequent volute workpiece configurations change Open portion is needed to separate port according to debris removal to increase the debris removal effect on part volute surface.
In some other embodiment, the upper surface of the first bulge-structure 121 is additionally provided with auxiliary venthole, and collocation first goes out Stomata 142 and inclined surface 33 work, and can directly blow off the iron filings of the upper surface of the first bulge-structure 121.In workpiece and first At the clamping gap of bulge-structure 121, if falling into several iron filings, the damage of scraping of the edge of work is also easily caused, therefore assists outlet Hole can preferably reduce iron filings and fall into workpiece and the possibility at the clamping gap of volute placement pedestal, to reduce placed side 13 On fall into the chances of iron filings.
In some other embodiment, because of the different settings of air guide channel and the different configuration of mechanical equipment, air inlet 12 are also provided on supporting element 12 or volute places the other positions of pedestal.
As shown in attached drawing 22 and 23, in certain embodiments, 1 upper surface of engaging member is additionally provided with mounting base 112, Mounting base 112 is equipped with for installing fixed the first binding groove and the second binding groove around it due to actual processing needs, and is used It is cooperatively connected in the positioning aid 15 that auxiliary work-piece is placed by fastener and the first binding groove and the second binding groove, thus will Positioning aid is installed in mounting base 112, and the design of auxiliary work-piece is located at the inside of annular workpieces in the form of mandrel, can be with It effectively prevent workpiece to slide;It, can be existing because generation slides out to avoid workpiece when mobile with the tooling platform where workpiece Slight impact can scrape sliding possibility damage phenomenon.In certain embodiments, as shown in Fig. 24, on the positioning aid 15 The auxiliary air guide channel that can be connect with the first air guide channel being located on engaging member can be also equipped with and can will assist air guide channel Interior gas is oriented to the auxiliary venthole 151 of put workpiece lumen.
In some other embodiment, as shown in Fig. 25, the aeration vent further includes the second venthole 143, in institute It states 11 top of engaging member and is provided with the second bulge-structure 113, the air guide channel includes the 4th air guide being set in engaging member 1 Channel 1414, and multiple five that gas can be oriented to each 12 upper surface of supporting element being set in the second bulge-structure 113 Air guide channel 1415, the 4th air guide channel 1414 are connect with the 5th air guide channel 1415, second venthole 52 and Five air guide channels 1415 connect and are set to side of second bulge-structure 113 towards each 12 upper surface of supporting element, and institute The outgassing direction of the second venthole 143 is stated towards placed side 13.Such design can also reach the purpose of cleaning placed side.And And pedestal is placed when designed volute and needs one positioning aid 15 of upper design in engaging member 11 because workpiece requires When, the second bulge-structure 113 can be designed to the shape of positioning aid 15, with the design that both this function combines, both risen To the effect of auxiliary positioning, and the impurity on volute placement pedestal can be removed, and design simply, it is convenient to operate.
In further embodiments, volute described in the various embodiments described above places pedestal and applies also for various volute cleanings Device, wherein volute cleaning device includes rack, volute fixed mechanism and can be to the volute being placed on volute fixed mechanism The wiper mechanism that workpiece is cleaned, the volute fixed mechanism and wiper mechanism are installed in rack, the fixed machine of the volute It is provided on structure and places pedestal for the volute as described in the various embodiments described above of volute workpiece placement to be cleaned, wherein volute The air inlet for placing pedestal is connect with external air source.
Finally, it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than its limitations;Although Present invention has been described in detail with reference to the aforementioned embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: it still may be used To modify the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent replacement of some of the technical features; And these are modified or replaceed, the range for technical solution of various embodiments of the present invention that it does not separate the essence of the corresponding technical solution.
In short, the foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, it is all according to equalization made by scope of the present invention patent Variation and modification, shall all be covered by the patent of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of volute cleaning equipment, including the first rack, the second rack, volute fixed mechanism and can be to being placed in volute The wiper mechanism that volute workpiece on fixed mechanism is cleaned, first rack are connect with the second rack, it is characterised in that: The volute fixed mechanism is installed on the second rack, and the wiper mechanism is installed on the first rack, the volute fixed mechanism packet It includes tooling platform, the placement pedestal for placing volute, the clamping structure for fixing volute and tooling platform can be driven inclined The deflection structure turned, the placement pedestal and clamp system are installed on above the tooling platform, and the deflection mechanism is installed on Below tooling platform.
2. volute cleaning equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the deflection mechanism includes telescopic first Actuator and the mounting base connecting with second rack, the tooling platform and mounting base are rotatablely connected, first driving The both ends of part connect with mounting base and tooling platform respectively and tooling platform can be pushed to rotate relative to mounting base by stretching.
3. volute cleaning equipment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: first actuator is to be installed on mounting base One end of first cylinder of lower part, first cylinder is flexibly connected with mounting base, and the mounting base is equipped with interface channel, institute The first cylinder is stated across the interface channel and connect its other end with tooling platform.
4. volute cleaning equipment according to claim 1 to 3, it is characterised in that: the wiper mechanism includes waterproof knot Structure, gas/liquid purging structure and first movement structure, the waterproof construction include the water door and waterproof by being installed on the first rack Plate surrounds the purge chamber constituted, and the gas/liquid purging structure is installed on the purge chamber top of the first rack, the first movement knot Structure includes the first sliding rail being installed in the second rack and that the mounting base can be changed is opposite along slide direction between purge chamber Second actuator of distance, second actuator are set in the first rack or the second rack.
5. volute cleaning equipment according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: second actuator is the second cylinder, institute The cylinder body for stating the second cylinder is connect with the first rack, and the piston rod end of second cylinder is connect with mounting base, the installation It is fixed with the sliding block connecting with the first sliding rail on seat and can be moved in the first sliding rail of driving lower edge of the second cylinder.
6. volute cleaning equipment according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the wiper mechanism further includes the second mobile knot Structure, second moving structure include the second sliding rail being installed in the first rack of purge chamber top and gas/liquid can be driven to purge The third actuator that structure is moved along second sliding rail.
7. volute cleaning equipment according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the clamp system includes the first clamping knot Structure, first clamping structure include the first clamping element, the second clamping element and supporting element, and second clamping element is fixed on tooling On platform, it is transversely provided with third cylinder on second clamping element,
First clamping element is connect with third cylinder piston boom end, and can be changed under the driving of third cylinder and be clamped with second The relative distance of part,
The supporting element is and tooling platform support shaft disposed in parallel, described support shaft one end and the first clamping element are fixed and connected It connects, the other end passes through the sliding channel being arranged on the second clamping element and is flexibly connected with the second clamping element.
8. volute cleaning equipment according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the clamp system includes the second clamping knot Structure, second clamping structure include the driving clamping device being installed on tooling platform and are installed on driving clamping device end Third clamping element, the third clamping element can driving clamping device driving under around driving clamping device rotate and/or change With tooling platform spacing.
9. volute cleaning equipment according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: further include the water storage being set in the second rack Mechanism, the water storage mechanism include water tank, the first filter device being set to inside water tank and water circulation mechanism, institute It states the first filter device to be connected with purge chamber lower part, the water circulation mechanism includes being connected to water tank and wiper mechanism water inlet Between liquid-transport pipe-line and liquid in water tank can be delivered to the water pump of wiper mechanism along the liquid-transport pipe-line.
10. volute cleaning equipment according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the water storage mechanism further includes being set to clearly The guiding gutter equipped with a clinoplain below chamber wash, the guiding gutter lower drain gully are connected with the first filter device.
CN201910438813.1A 2019-05-24 2019-05-24 A kind of volute cleaning equipment Pending CN110125086A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110947672A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-04-03 苏州泰拓精密清洗设备有限公司 Turbocharger shell cleaning machine
TWI733565B (en) * 2020-08-20 2021-07-11 尚邑精密科技有限公司 Dispenser needle cleaning machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110947672A (en) * 2019-12-02 2020-04-03 苏州泰拓精密清洗设备有限公司 Turbocharger shell cleaning machine
TWI733565B (en) * 2020-08-20 2021-07-11 尚邑精密科技有限公司 Dispenser needle cleaning machine

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