CN110122368B - Multifunctional duck shed - Google Patents

Multifunctional duck shed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110122368B
CN110122368B CN201910409039.1A CN201910409039A CN110122368B CN 110122368 B CN110122368 B CN 110122368B CN 201910409039 A CN201910409039 A CN 201910409039A CN 110122368 B CN110122368 B CN 110122368B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
water
bushing
hinged
supporting
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CN201910409039.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110122368A (en
Inventor
刘宗强
黄河
李鑫
黄金发
潘雯瑶
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Jiaxiang New Hope Liuhe Food Co ltd
Shandong New Hope Liuhe Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jiaxiang New Hope Liuhe Food Co ltd
Shandong New Hope Liuhe Group Co Ltd
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Application filed by Jiaxiang New Hope Liuhe Food Co ltd, Shandong New Hope Liuhe Group Co Ltd filed Critical Jiaxiang New Hope Liuhe Food Co ltd
Priority to CN201910409039.1A priority Critical patent/CN110122368B/en
Publication of CN110122368A publication Critical patent/CN110122368A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K31/00Housing birds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K31/00Housing birds
    • A01K31/04Dropping-boards; Devices for removing excrement

Abstract

The invention provides a multifunctional duck shed which comprises a water storage tank, two support components, a movable area, a leaking plate, a lifting mechanism, a fastening component, a trough component, a water supply component and a cleaning mechanism, wherein the two support components are respectively arranged at two ends of one side of the water storage tank; the multifunctional duck shed provided by the invention is convenient for the habit of the duck group living due to the fact that the duck group is watered, the body of the duck group is cleaned, the spread of diseases is avoided, the duck manure is convenient to collect, and the problem of large-area pollution of a pond is avoided.

Description

Multifunctional duck shed
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of poultry feeding, in particular to a multifunctional duck shed.
Background
With the progress of society and the development of economy, the physical living standard of people is increasingly improved, the requirement on duck meat products is gradually changed from the pursuit of quantity to the pursuit of quality, and the yield of ducks is far from meeting the requirement of the market.
In the process of duck breeding, disease prevention is an important content, so the requirement on the breeding environment is very strict, the excrement of the ducks cannot be effectively and quickly cleared by the traditional stocking or captive breeding mode, and the problems of bacterial breeding and virus scattering are easily caused. Due to the habit of the ducks living in the water, farmers usually drive the ducks from the greenhouse to enter the pond for drinking water, and although the pond culture is favorable for removing pathogenic bacteria and dirt on the ducks, the excrement of the ducks pollutes the pond to a certain extent. The most common method for raising the fishes in the duck farm is to utilize excrement discharged by the ducks to fertilize the pond for raising the fishes, along with the increasing of the ducks, because the self-cleaning capability of the fish pond is limited, the excrement generates a large amount of harmful substances such as nitrate, ammonia gas, hydrogen sulfide and the like under the fermentation and decomposition action of microorganisms, if the concentration of the harmful substances is too high, the growth of the ducks and the fishes is easily damaged, and the water quality is also easily changed into acid and smelly. Finally, the farm staff often drives ducks to run back and forth between the farm and the pond, and the time and the labor are wasted. Therefore, the improvement is needed for the existing farm, so that the duck breeding farm is beneficial to the habit of duck group living due to hydrophily, the duck body is cleaned, the duck manure is collected, the environment is protected, and the large-area pollution of the duck manure to the pond is avoided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a multifunctional duck shed, which solves the problems that the conventional duck groups are time-consuming and labor-consuming for living due to the fact that the duck groups are hydropsy, cleans the bodies of the duck groups, avoids disease transmission, solves the problem that large-area pollution to a pond is caused due to inconvenient collection of duck manure, and protects the environment.
A multifunctional duck shed comprises a water storage tank, two support assemblies, a movable area, a leaking plate, a lifting mechanism, a fastening assembly, a trough assembly, a water supply assembly and a cleaning mechanism, wherein the two support assemblies are respectively arranged at two ends of one side of the water storage tank, the movable area is arranged at the other side of the water storage tank, the leaking plate is horizontally arranged in the water storage tank, the lifting mechanism drives the leaking plate to move up and down, the fastening assembly is used for fixing the leaking plate at the upper end of the water storage tank, the trough assembly is arranged at one side of the water storage tank and connected with the support assemblies, the water supply assembly is arranged on the support assemblies and used for supplying water into the water storage tank, the cleaning mechanism is arranged right above the water storage tank and used for cleaning dirt on the leaking plate, the trough assembly is rotatably arranged at one side of the water storage tank;
the cleaning mechanism is arranged on two parallel rails, two ends of each rail are respectively connected with the two supporting assemblies, and the lifting mechanism is arranged right above the reservoir and connected with the supporting assemblies;
the periphery of the reservoir and the movable area is provided with a fence, and one end of the reservoir is provided with a drain pipe for draining water.
When the device is used, ducks move on the drain plate in an initial state, the drain plate is fixed on the reservoir and the moving area under the action of the fastening assembly, the drain plate is arranged at the upper end of the reservoir at the moment, the ducks are prevented from contacting water when moving, and in addition, the lifting mechanism plays a role in stretching the drain plate and indirectly fastening the drain plate;
when the ducks need to play water, the ducks are firstly driven to an active area on one side of the bushing, because sufficient water source is already in the water storage tank under the action of the water supply assembly, at the moment, the lifting mechanism is started slowly, so that the connection between the bushing and the fastening assembly is in a loose state, the fastening assembly is started, the bushing is separated from the fastening assembly, at the moment, the bushing is sunk into the water by utilizing the lifting mechanism, and at the moment, the ducks are driven to enter the water storage tank again;
after a period of time, driving the duck group to leave the reservoir, entering the moving area again, driving the trough assembly to deviate from the reservoir, lifting the drain plate to a proper position by using the lifting mechanism, wherein the drain plate is slightly lower than the water surface of the reservoir in principle, and starting the cleaning mechanism and the driving mechanism to clean the drain plate;
because the duck manure in the water storage tank makes water easily go bad, the water can be changed once or two days, so that the water is prevented from being smelly, and finally, the sewage is discharged into a methane tank, a sedimentation tank or a related sewage treatment tank through a drain pipe.
The supporting assembly comprises an L-shaped supporting plate and a reinforcing column connected with the supporting plate, the supporting plate comprises a vertical part vertically arranged on one side of the water reservoir and a transverse part with one end vertically arranged at the top of the vertical part, the reinforcing column is vertically arranged on one side of the activity area, and the upper end of the reinforcing column abuts against the lower end face of the other end of the transverse part;
the lifting mechanism, the water supply assembly and the driving mechanism are arranged on the upper end face of the transverse portion, and the cleaning mechanism is connected with the transverse portion.
The transverse part is arranged right above the water storage tank, so that the life of a duck group cannot be influenced, the space is saved, and the operation is convenient.
The upper end surface of the bushing is provided with an array of through holes, the two sides of the bushing are provided with fixed blocks, the side surfaces of the fixed blocks are provided with elongated through holes, and the fixed blocks on the two sides of the bushing are connected with the fastening components;
the fixed block is movably arranged in open slots formed in two sides in the reservoir;
and the upper end surfaces of the two ends of the bushing are provided with fixed seats, and the fixed seats are arranged on the central line of the bushing and connected with the lifting mechanism.
The lifting mechanism completes the lifting and descending operation of the bushing through the lifting fixed seat;
the fixed block is provided with rectangular through-hole, and its purpose is making the bushing when breaking away from with fastening element for the bushing can rise by the short distance, thereby the fixed block breaks away from with fastening element, avoids fastening element under the action of gravity of bushing, is difficult to work.
The lifting mechanism comprises a steel wire rope with one end connected with the fixed seat, a rolling shaft connected with the other end of the steel wire rope and a second motor for driving the rolling shaft to rotate, the rolling shaft is arranged on the upper end face of the transverse part of the supporting assembly through a hinged seat, and the second motor is arranged on the upper end face of the transverse part;
the steel wire rope, the rolling shaft and the second motor are provided with two steel wire ropes, and are respectively arranged on the upper end surfaces of the transverse parts of the supporting components at the two ends of the water storage tank.
Preferably, the two second motors are arranged in the same circuit, so that the two second motors can be conveniently started and closed simultaneously, or can be synchronously controlled by the controller.
The fastening assembly comprises a first threaded column horizontally arranged on the side surface of the vertical part, a rotary disc arranged at the outer end of the first threaded column, a fastening block arranged at the other side of the movable area close to the reservoir, a second threaded column horizontally arranged on the fastening block, and a rotary handle arranged at the outer end of the second threaded column;
and the fixed block on one side of the bushing is connected with the first threaded column, and the fixed block on the other side of the bushing is connected with the second threaded column.
After elevating system promoted the bushing to suitable position, rotatory first screw thread post and second screw thread post, the rectangular through-hole that sets up on the bushing one side fixed block is passed to first screw thread post, and the rectangular through-hole that sets up on the bushing opposite side fixed block is passed to second screw thread post, and rectangular through-hole has guaranteed to have certain home range between fixed block and first screw thread post, the second screw thread post.
The trough assembly comprises a trough horizontally arranged on one side of the water storage tank, hinged seats arranged on two ends of the trough, hinged rods with one ends hinged with the hinged seats, two arc-shaped blocks respectively arranged on the outer sides of two ends of the trough, transverse columns connecting the outer ends of the two arc-shaped blocks and positioning pins horizontally arranged on the arc-shaped blocks, the trough is arranged between the two vertical parts, the other ends of the hinged rods are hinged to the top end of the supporting plate, a plurality of through holes are formed in the side faces of the arc-shaped blocks, and the positioning pins are arranged in the through holes;
the arc center of the arc-shaped block is the hinge center of the other end of the hinge rod, a blind hole is formed in the position, close to the arc-shaped block, of the vertical part, and the positioning pin is movably arranged in the blind hole;
the bottom surface of the trough is arc-shaped, and the bottom surface of the trough is slightly higher than the upper end surface of one side of the water storage tank.
Before the clearance mechanism starts, with the spreader to the direction pulling of keeping away from the bushing for the trough breaks away from the cistern upper end, avoids the interference of clearance mechanism and trough, at this moment, passes the arc piece and sets up in the blind hole of vertical portion with the locating pin again, carries on spacingly to the trough, and the back of finishing using resets to the trough again.
The cleaning mechanism comprises a moving plate horizontally arranged on the track, a vertical plate arranged on the central line of the lower end of the moving plate, a first connecting rod with one end hinged to the lower end of the vertical plate, a cleaning plate vertically arranged at the other end of the first connecting rod, a second connecting rod with one end hinged to the side face of the first connecting rod, a rotating rod with one end hinged to the other end of the second connecting rod, and an electric push rod with one end hinged to the other end of the rotating rod, wherein the side face of the rotating rod is hinged to the side face of the vertical plate, and the other end of the electric push rod is hinged to the vertical plate;
the cleaning plate is provided with a brush, and the length of the cleaning plate is slightly smaller than or equal to the width of the bushing plate;
idler wheels are arranged on two sides of the lower end of the movable plate, and the idler wheels on two sides of the movable plate are respectively arranged on the two tracks; the upper end of the moving plate is also provided with two connecting seats, and the two connecting seats are connected with the driving mechanism.
The electric push rod is started, the first connecting rod rotates up and down under the combined action of the first connecting rod, the second connecting rod and the rotating rod, the brush moves up and down, the brush descends to the upper end face of the bushing plate, the driving mechanism is started, the brush moves back and forth, and the cleaning work of the bushing plate is completed;
after finishing using, start electric putter for first connecting rod drives the brush and rotates to be close to bushing up end, and the bushing starts the supporting role to the brush this moment, avoids the not high drop of brush joint strength, makes the duck crowd frightened, causes the injury even.
Actuating mechanism includes one end and one of them first nylon rope that the connecting seat is connected, with first pivot, the drive that the first nylon rope other end is connected first pivot pivoted first motor, one end and another second nylon rope that the connecting seat is connected, with second pivot, the drive that the second nylon rope other end is connected second pivot pivoted third motor, first motor with the third motor sets up respectively two on the horizontal part of backup pad, first pivot with the second pivot also sets up respectively two on the horizontal part of backup pad.
When the device is used, the first motor and the third motor are started simultaneously, and when the first motor pulls the connecting seat through the first nylon rope, the third motor looses the second nylon rope; when the first motor looses the connecting seat through the first nylon rope, the third motor pulls the second nylon rope;
preferably, the first motor and the third motor are arranged on the same circuit and are started simultaneously, or the controller is used for controlling the starting of the first motor and the starting of the third motor simultaneously.
The water supply assembly comprises a water pump arranged on the transverse part of the supporting plate, a water outlet pipe with one end connected with the water pump and the other end connected with the reservoir, and a water inlet pipe with one end connected with the water pump;
the water inlet pipe is connected with a rainwater collecting box or a water supply pipeline.
The water source of inlet tube has the multiple to be not limited to rainwater collecting box or supply channel, can set up according to particular case, for example also can be river, and the water source should be comparatively clean, avoids causing harmful effects to the life of duck crowd.
The invention achieves the following remarkable effects:
(1) the problems that the duck flock inhabits due to hydrophily and travels into the pond for a long distance, which wastes time and labor are solved, the body of the duck flock is cleaned, the spread of diseases is avoided, the problem that the pond is polluted in a large area due to the fact that the duck manure is inconvenient to collect in the past is solved, and the environment is protected;
(2) the water storage tank and the moving area are arranged, so that the land life and the pond life of the duck group are skillfully balanced, the duck group is free to travel for a long distance, the two lives are freely converted, and the risk that the duck is lost is avoided;
(3) the fastening assembly is arranged, so that the duck group has a good supporting effect on the drain plate when moving out of water, the phenomenon that a steel wire rope in the lifting mechanism bears the gravity action of the drain plate independently is avoided, and the stability of the structure is facilitated;
(4) be provided with clearance mechanism, help cleaning up the bushing of immersing in the aquatic, bushing and cistern are connected, not only are favorable to the cleanness of bushing, also are favorable to the cistern to the collection effect of duck excrement simultaneously, have protected the environment indirectly.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a multifunctional duck shed in the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a water reservoir in an embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a bushing in an embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a cleaning mechanism according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a connection structure of the cleaning mechanism and the rail according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a support assembly according to an embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a trough assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein the reference numerals are: 1. a reservoir; 1-1, a drain hole; 1-2, open slots; 2. a drain pipe; 3. an active region; 4. a fence; 5. a step; 6. a bushing; 6-1, fixing blocks; 7. a fastening block; 8. a handle is rotated; 9. moving the plate; 9-1, a connecting seat; 9-2, bolts; 9-3, rollers; 10. a support plate; 10-1, a first threaded column; 10-2, reinforcing columns; 11. a first motor; 12. a first nylon cord; 13. a second motor; 14. a water outlet pipe; 15. a water inlet pipe; 16. a water pump; 17. a cleaning mechanism; 17-1, an electric push rod; 17-2, a rotating rod; 17-3, a first connecting rod; 17-4, a second connecting rod; 17-5, vertical plates; 18. a second nylon cord; 19. a trough assembly; 19-1, cross posts; 19-2, a trough; 19-3, a hinged lever; 19-4, arc blocks; 19-5, positioning pins; 20. a track; 21. a third motor; 22. a steel cord.
Detailed Description
In order to clearly illustrate the technical features of the present solution, the present solution is described below by way of specific embodiments.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the multifunctional duck shed comprises a water reservoir 1, two supporting components respectively arranged at two ends of one side of the water reservoir 1, a movable area 3 arranged at the other side of the water reservoir 1, a bushing 6 horizontally arranged in the water reservoir 1, a lifting mechanism for driving the bushing 6 to move up and down, a fastening component for fixing the bushing 6 at the upper end of the water reservoir 1, a trough component 19 arranged at one side of the water reservoir 1 and connected with the supporting components, a water supply component arranged on the supporting components and used for supplying water into the water reservoir 1, and a cleaning mechanism 17 arranged right above the water reservoir 1 and used for cleaning dirt on the bushing 6, wherein the trough component 19 is rotatably arranged at one side of the water reservoir 1, and the supporting components are also provided with a driving mechanism for driving the cleaning mechanism 17 to move back and forth along the length direction of the water reservoir 1;
the cleaning mechanism 17 is arranged on two parallel rails 20, two ends of each rail 20 are respectively connected with two supporting components, and the lifting mechanism is arranged right above the reservoir 1 and connected with the supporting components;
the periphery of the reservoir 1 and the movable area 3 is provided with a fence 4, and one end of the reservoir 1 is provided with a drain pipe 2 for draining water.
When the device is used, ducks move on the drain plate 6 in an initial state, the drain plate 6 is fixed on the reservoir 1 under the action of the fastening assembly, the drain plate 6 is arranged at the upper end of the reservoir 1, the ducks are prevented from contacting water when moving, and in addition, the lifting mechanism plays a role in stretching the drain plate 6 and indirectly fastening the drain plate 6;
when the ducks need to play water, the ducks are firstly driven to the movable area 3 on one side of the bushing 6, because sufficient water source is already in the reservoir 1 under the action of the water supply assembly, at the moment, the slowly-started lifting mechanism is started, so that the connection between the bushing 6 and the fastening assembly is in a loose state, the fastening assembly is started, the bushing 6 is separated from the fastening assembly, at the moment, the bushing 6 is sunk into the water by utilizing the lifting mechanism, and at the moment, the ducks are driven again to enter the reservoir 1;
after a period of time, driving the duck group to leave the impounding reservoir 1, entering the active area 3 again, driving the trough assembly 19 to deviate from the impounding reservoir 1, lifting the drain plate 6 to a proper position by using the lifting mechanism, wherein in principle, the drain plate 6 is slightly lower than the water surface of the impounding reservoir 1, starting the cleaning mechanism 17 and the driving mechanism to clean the drain plate 6, and because the drain plate 6 is immersed in the impounding reservoir 1 for a long time, the duck manure on the drain plate 6 becomes wet, and the cleaning is easier at the moment;
because the duck manure in the reservoir 1 makes water easily go bad, the water can be changed once or two days to prevent the water from becoming smelly, and finally, the sewage is discharged into a methane tank, a sedimentation tank or a related sewage treatment tank through the drain pipe 2. Preferably, the bottom surface of the reservoir is designed into a V shape, a drain hole 1-1 is arranged in the middle of the bottom surface, one end of a drain pipe 2 is connected with the drain hole 1-1, and a valve is arranged on the drain pipe 2, which can be realized by the prior art, and is not detailed herein;
in order to facilitate the ducks to walk back and forth between the water storage tank 1 and the active area 3, a step 5 can be arranged at the junction position of the water storage tank 1 and the active area 3, so that the ducks can ascend or descend conveniently.
Referring to fig. 6, the supporting assembly includes an L-shaped supporting plate 10 and a reinforcing column 10-2 connected to the supporting plate 10, the supporting plate 10 includes a vertical portion vertically disposed at one side of the water reservoir 1 and a horizontal portion having one end vertically disposed at the top of the vertical portion, the reinforcing column 10-2 is vertically disposed at one side of the active area 3 and has an upper end abutting against the lower end surface of the other end of the horizontal portion;
elevating system, water supply assembly and actuating mechanism set up in horizontal portion up end, and clearance mechanism 17 is connected with horizontal portion.
The transverse part is arranged right above the water storage tank 1, so that the life of a duck group cannot be influenced, the space is saved, and the operation is convenient.
Referring to fig. 3, the upper end surface of the bushing 6 is provided with an array of through holes, the two sides of the bushing 6 are provided with fixing blocks 6-1, the side surface of the fixing block 6-1 is provided with a strip-shaped through hole, and the fixing blocks 6-1 at the two sides of the bushing 6 are connected with a fastening assembly;
the fixed block 6-1 is movably arranged in an open slot 1-2 formed in two sides in the reservoir 1;
the upper end surfaces of the two ends of the bushing 6 are provided with fixing seats, and the fixing seats are arranged on the central line of the bushing 6 and connected with a lifting mechanism.
The lifting mechanism completes the lifting and descending operation of the bushing 6 through lifting the fixed seat;
the fixing block 6-1 is provided with a strip through hole, and the purpose is to enable the bushing 6 to ascend in a short distance when the bushing 6 is separated from the fastening assembly, so that the fixing block 6-1 is separated from the fastening assembly, and the fastening assembly is prevented from being difficult to work under the action of gravity of the bushing 6.
The lifting mechanism comprises a steel wire rope 22 with one end connected with the fixed seat, a rolling shaft connected with the other end of the steel wire rope 22 and a second motor 13 for driving the rolling shaft to rotate, the rolling shaft is arranged on the upper end face of the transverse part of the supporting component through a hinged seat, and the second motor 13 is arranged on the upper end face of the transverse part;
the two steel wire ropes 22, the two rolling shafts and the two second motors 13 are respectively arranged on the upper end surfaces of the transverse parts of the supporting components at the two ends of the water reservoir 1.
Preferably, the two second motors 13 are arranged in the same circuit, facilitating simultaneous starting and simultaneous closing, or may be synchronously controlled by the controller.
The fastening assembly comprises a first threaded column 10-1 horizontally arranged on the side surface of the vertical part, a rotary disc arranged at the outer end of the first threaded column 10-1, a fastening block 7 arranged at the other side of the movable area 3 close to the reservoir 1, a second threaded column horizontally arranged on the fastening block 7 and a rotary handle 8 arranged at the outer end of the second threaded column;
the fixed block 6-1 at one side of the bushing 6 is connected with the first threaded column 10-1, and the fixed block 6-1 at the other side of the bushing 6 is connected with the second threaded column.
After the bushing 6 is lifted to a proper position by the lifting mechanism, the first threaded column 10-1 and the second threaded column are rotated, the first threaded column 10-1 penetrates through a long-strip through hole formed in a fixed block 6-1 on one side of the bushing 6, the second threaded column penetrates through a long-strip through hole formed in a fixed block 6-1 on the other side of the bushing 6, and a certain moving range is ensured among the fixed block 6-1, the first threaded column 10-1 and the second threaded column through the long-strip through holes.
Referring to fig. 7, the trough assembly 19 comprises a trough 19-2 horizontally arranged on one side of the reservoir 1, hinged seats arranged at two ends of the trough 19-2, hinged rods 19-3 with one ends hinged with the hinged seats, two arc-shaped blocks 19-4 respectively arranged at the outer sides of two ends of the trough 19-2, a cross column 19-1 connecting the outer ends of the two arc-shaped blocks 19-4 and positioning pins 19-5 horizontally arranged on the arc-shaped blocks 19-4, the trough 19-2 is arranged between the two vertical parts, the other end of the hinged rod 19-3 is hinged at the top end of the supporting plate 10, a plurality of through holes are arranged on the side surface of the arc-shaped block 19-4, and the positioning pins 19-5 are arranged in the through holes;
the arc center of the arc-shaped block 19-4 is the hinge center of the other end of the hinge rod 19-3, a blind hole is arranged at the position of the vertical part close to the arc-shaped block 19-4, and the positioning pin 19-5 is movably arranged in the blind hole;
the bottom surface of the feeding trough 19-2 is arranged into a circular arc shape, and the bottom surface of the feeding trough 19-2 is slightly higher than the upper end surface of one side of the water storage tank 1.
Before the cleaning mechanism 17 is started, the cross column 19-1 is pulled in the direction away from the leakage plate 6, so that the trough 19-2 is separated from the upper end of the reservoir 1, the interference between the cleaning mechanism 17 and the trough 19-2 is avoided, at the moment, the positioning pin 19-5 penetrates through the arc-shaped block 19-4 and is arranged in the blind hole of the vertical part to limit the trough 19-2, and after the use is finished, the trough 19-2 is reset.
Referring to fig. 4 and 5, the cleaning mechanism 17 comprises a moving plate 9 horizontally arranged on a track 20, a vertical plate 17-5 arranged on the central line of the lower end of the moving plate 9, a first connecting rod 17-3 with one end hinged to the lower end of the vertical plate 17-5, a cleaning plate vertically arranged at the other end of the first connecting rod 17-3, a second connecting rod 17-4 with one end hinged to the side surface of the first connecting rod 17-3, a rotating rod 17-2 with one end hinged to the other end of the second connecting rod 17-4, and an electric push rod 17-1 with one end hinged to the other end of the rotating rod 17-2, wherein the side surface of the rotating rod 17-2 is hinged to the side surface of the vertical plate 17-5, and the other end of the electric push rod 17-1 is hinged to the vertical plate 17-5;
the cleaning plate is provided with a brush, and the length of the cleaning plate is slightly less than or equal to the width of the bushing 6;
the two sides of the lower end of the moving plate 9 are provided with rollers 9-3, and the rollers 9-3 on the two sides of the moving plate 9 are respectively arranged on the two rails 20; the upper end of the moving plate 9 is also provided with two connecting seats 9-1, and the two connecting seats 9-1 are connected with a driving mechanism.
Starting the electric push rod 17-1, completing the up-and-down rotation movement of the first connecting rod 17-3 through the combined action of the first connecting rod 17-3, the second connecting rod 17-4 and the rotating rod 17-2, further realizing the up-and-down movement of the brush, enabling the brush to descend to the upper end surface of the bushing 6, starting the driving mechanism, enabling the brush to move back and forth, and completing the cleaning work of the bushing 6;
after the use is finished, the electric push rod 17-1 is started, so that the first connecting rod 17-3 drives the brush to rotate to a position close to the upper end face of the bushing 6, the bushing 6 plays a supporting role on the brush, and the phenomenon that the connection strength of the brush is not high and the brush falls off, so that ducks are frightened and even injured is avoided;
in the invention, the moving plate 9 is fixedly connected with the vertical plate 17-5 through a bolt 9-2.
The driving mechanism comprises a first nylon rope 12 with one end connected with one connecting seat 9-1, a first rotating shaft connected with the other end of the first nylon rope 12, a first motor 11 driving the first rotating shaft to rotate, a second nylon rope 18 with one end connected with the other connecting seat 9-1, a second rotating shaft connected with the other end of the second nylon rope 18, and a third motor 21 driving the second rotating shaft to rotate, wherein the first motor 11 and the third motor 21 are respectively arranged on the transverse parts of the two supporting plates 10, and the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft are also respectively arranged on the transverse parts of the two supporting plates 10.
When the device is used, the first motor 11 and the third motor 21 are started simultaneously, and when the first motor 11 pulls the connecting seat 9-1 through the first nylon rope 12, the third motor 21 looses the second nylon rope 18; when the first motor 11 looses the connecting seat 9-1 through the first nylon rope 12, the third motor 21 pulls the second nylon rope 18;
preferably, the first motor 11 and the third motor 21 are disposed on the same circuit and are activated simultaneously, or the controller controls the activation of the first motor 11 and the third motor 21 simultaneously.
The water supply assembly comprises a water pump 16 arranged on the transverse part of the support plate 10, a water outlet pipe 14 with one end connected with the water pump 16 and the other end connected with the reservoir 1, and a water inlet pipe 15 with one end connected with the water pump 16;
the inlet pipe 15 is connected to a rainwater collection tank or a water supply line.
The water source of inlet tube 15 has the multiple, and is not limited to rainwater collecting box or supply line, can set up according to particular case, for example also can be river, and the water source should be comparatively clean, avoids causing harmful effects to the life of duck crowd.
The specific working process of the invention is as follows:
when the device is used, ducks move on the drain plate 6 in an initial state, the drain plate 6 is fixed on the reservoir 1 under the action of the fastening assembly, the drain plate 6 is arranged at the upper end of the reservoir 1, the ducks are prevented from contacting water when moving, and in addition, the lifting mechanism plays a role in stretching the drain plate 6 and indirectly fastening the drain plate 6;
when the ducks need to play water, the ducks are firstly driven to the movable area 3 on one side of the bushing 6, because sufficient water source is already in the reservoir 1 under the action of the water supply assembly, at the moment, the slowly-started lifting mechanism is started, so that the connection between the bushing 6 and the fastening assembly is in a loose state, the fastening assembly is started, the bushing 6 is separated from the fastening assembly, at the moment, the bushing 6 is sunk into the water by utilizing the lifting mechanism, and at the moment, the ducks are driven again to enter the reservoir 1;
after a period of time, driving the duck group to leave the impounding reservoir 1, entering the active area 3 again, pulling the cross column 19-1, driving the trough assembly 19 to deviate from the impounding reservoir 1, lifting the bushing 6 to a proper position by utilizing the lifting mechanism, wherein in principle, the bushing 6 is slightly lower than the water surface of the impounding reservoir 1, starting the cleaning mechanism 17 and the driving mechanism to clean the bushing 6, and because the bushing 6 is immersed in the impounding reservoir 1 for a long time, the duck manure on the bushing 6 becomes wet, and the cleaning is easier at the moment;
because the duck manure in the reservoir 1 makes water easily go bad, the water can be changed once or two days to prevent the water from becoming smelly, and finally, the sewage is discharged into a methane tank, a sedimentation tank or a related sewage treatment tank through the drain pipe 2.
When the duck with in the cistern 1 hurled to the active area 3, can use elevating system, promote bushing 6, bushing 6 plays the supporting role to the duck body, because duck crowd quantity is many, this moment, rise suitable distance with bushing 6 can, need not support the duck crowd, breed personnel later with the duck crowd catch up to the active area 3 in.
The technical features of the present invention which are not described in the above embodiments may be implemented by or using the prior art, and are not described herein again, of course, the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and variations, modifications, additions or substitutions which may be made by those skilled in the art within the spirit and scope of the present invention should also fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A multifunctional duck shed is characterized by comprising a water storage tank, two supporting components respectively arranged at two ends of one side of the water storage tank, a movable area arranged at the other side of the water storage tank, a leaking plate horizontally arranged in the water storage tank, a lifting mechanism for driving the leaking plate to move up and down, a fastening component for fixing the leaking plate at the upper end part of the water storage tank, a trough component arranged at one side of the water storage tank and connected with the supporting components, a water supply component arranged on the supporting components and used for supplying water into the water storage tank, and a cleaning mechanism arranged right above the water storage tank and used for cleaning dirt on the leaking plate, the trough assembly is rotatably arranged on one side of the water storage pool, and the supporting assembly is also provided with a driving mechanism for driving the cleaning mechanism to move back and forth along the length direction of the water storage pool;
the cleaning mechanism is arranged on two parallel rails, two ends of each rail are respectively connected with the two supporting assemblies, and the lifting mechanism is arranged right above the reservoir and connected with the supporting assemblies;
the periphery of the reservoir and the movable area is provided with a fence, and one end of the reservoir is provided with a drain pipe for draining water.
2. The multifunctional duck shed as claimed in claim 1, wherein the supporting assembly comprises an L-shaped supporting plate and a reinforcing column connected with the supporting plate, the supporting plate comprises a vertical part vertically arranged at one side of the water reservoir and a transverse part with one end vertically arranged at the top of the vertical part, the reinforcing column is vertically arranged at one side of the activity area, and the upper end of the reinforcing column abuts against the lower end face of the other end of the transverse part;
the lifting mechanism, the water supply assembly and the driving mechanism are arranged on the upper end face of the transverse portion, and the cleaning mechanism is connected with the transverse portion.
3. The multifunctional duck shed as claimed in claim 2, wherein the upper end surface of the bushing is provided with an array of through holes, the two sides of the bushing are provided with fixing blocks, the side surfaces of the fixing blocks are vertically provided with elongated through holes, and the fixing blocks on the two sides of the bushing are connected with the fastening components;
the fixed block is movably arranged in open slots formed in two sides in the reservoir;
and the upper end surfaces of the two ends of the bushing are provided with fixed seats, and the fixed seats are arranged on the central line of the bushing and connected with the lifting mechanism.
4. The multifunctional duck shed as claimed in claim 3, wherein the lifting mechanism comprises a steel wire rope with one end connected with the fixed seat, a roller connected with the other end of the steel wire rope, and a second motor for driving the roller to rotate, the roller is arranged on the upper end surface of the transverse part of the supporting component through a hinged seat, and the second motor is arranged on the upper end surface of the transverse part;
the steel wire rope, the rolling shaft and the second motor are provided with two steel wire ropes, and are respectively arranged on the upper end surfaces of the transverse parts of the supporting components at the two ends of the water storage tank.
5. The multifunctional duck shed as claimed in claim 3, wherein the fastening assembly comprises a first threaded column horizontally arranged on the side of the vertical part, a rotary disc arranged at the outer end of the first threaded column, a fastening block arranged at the other side of the active area close to the water reservoir, a second threaded column horizontally arranged on the fastening block, and a rotary handle arranged at the outer end of the second threaded column;
and the fixed block on one side of the bushing is connected with the first threaded column, and the fixed block on the other side of the bushing is connected with the second threaded column.
6. The multifunctional duck shed as claimed in any one of claims 4 to 5, wherein the trough assembly comprises a trough horizontally arranged at one side of the water reservoir, hinged seats arranged at both ends of the trough, a hinged rod with one end hinged with the hinged seats, two arc-shaped blocks respectively arranged at the outer sides of both ends of the trough, a cross column connecting the outer ends of the two arc-shaped blocks, and a positioning pin horizontally arranged on the arc-shaped blocks, wherein the trough is arranged between the two vertical parts, the other end of the hinged rod is hinged at the top end of the supporting plate, a plurality of through holes are arranged at the side surfaces of the arc-shaped blocks, and the positioning pin is arranged in the through holes;
the arc center of the arc-shaped block is the hinge center of the other end of the hinge rod, a blind hole is formed in the position, close to the arc-shaped block, of the vertical part, and the positioning pin is movably arranged in the blind hole;
the bottom surface of the trough is arc-shaped, and the bottom surface of the trough is slightly higher than the upper end surface of one side of the water storage tank.
7. The multifunctional duck shed as claimed in claim 6, wherein the cleaning mechanism comprises a moving plate horizontally arranged on the track, a vertical plate arranged on the central line of the lower end of the moving plate, a first connecting rod with one end hinged to the lower end of the vertical plate, a cleaning plate vertically arranged at the other end of the first connecting rod, a second connecting rod with one end hinged to the side surface of the first connecting rod, a rotating rod with one end hinged to the other end of the second connecting rod, and an electric push rod with one end hinged to the other end of the rotating rod, wherein the side surface of the rotating rod is hinged to the side surface of the vertical plate, and the other end of the electric push rod is hinged to the vertical plate;
the cleaning plate is provided with a brush, and the length of the cleaning plate is slightly smaller than or equal to the width of the bushing plate;
idler wheels are arranged on two sides of the lower end of the movable plate, and the idler wheels on two sides of the movable plate are respectively arranged on the two tracks; the upper end of the moving plate is also provided with two connecting seats, and the two connecting seats are connected with the driving mechanism.
8. The multi-functional duck shed as claimed in claim 7, wherein said driving mechanism comprises a first nylon rope having one end connected to one of said connecting bases, a first rotating shaft connected to the other end of said first nylon rope, a first motor for driving said first rotating shaft to rotate, a second nylon rope having one end connected to the other of said connecting bases, a second rotating shaft connected to the other end of said second nylon rope, and a third motor for driving said second rotating shaft to rotate, said first motor and said third motor are respectively disposed on the lateral portions of said two supporting plates, and said first rotating shaft and said second rotating shaft are also respectively disposed on the lateral portions of said two supporting plates.
9. The multifunctional duck shed as claimed in claim 1, wherein the water supply assembly comprises a water pump arranged on the transverse portion of the supporting plate, a water outlet pipe with one end connected with the water pump and the other end connected with the water reservoir, and a water inlet pipe with one end connected with the water pump;
the water inlet pipe is connected with a rainwater collecting box or a water supply pipeline.
CN201910409039.1A 2019-05-17 2019-05-17 Multifunctional duck shed Active CN110122368B (en)

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