CN110118153A - A kind of wind powered generator control method and a kind of method for obtaining wind energy - Google Patents

A kind of wind powered generator control method and a kind of method for obtaining wind energy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110118153A
CN110118153A CN201810108624.3A CN201810108624A CN110118153A CN 110118153 A CN110118153 A CN 110118153A CN 201810108624 A CN201810108624 A CN 201810108624A CN 110118153 A CN110118153 A CN 110118153A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
control
wind
vertical axis
air
duct
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810108624.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
不公告发明人
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Gansu Hui Feng Energy Saving Co Ltd
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Gansu Hui Feng Energy Saving Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201810108624.3A priority Critical patent/CN110118153A/en
Publication of CN110118153A publication Critical patent/CN110118153A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D3/00Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor 
    • F03D3/04Wind motors with rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor  having stationary wind-guiding means, e.g. with shrouds or channels
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03DWIND MOTORS
    • F03D7/00Controlling wind motors
    • F03D7/06Controlling wind motors the wind motors having rotation axis substantially perpendicular to the air flow entering the rotor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/74Wind turbines with rotation axis perpendicular to the wind direction

Abstract

The present embodiments relate to wind power generation fields, provide a kind of wind powered generator control method and a kind of wind energy acquisition methods, a kind of wind powered generator control method and a kind of method for obtaining wind energy are suitable for a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators, a kind of wind powered generator control method includes: a kind of starting method of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators, closing method, load down method, application of load method, emergency shutdown method, a kind of wind energy acquisition methods include: the method that installation energy conversion device obtains wind energy on the flow trace in air-flow from by-pass air duct outflow subsequently into the main duct, the method for installing air flow rate control device on flow trace in air-flow from by-pass air duct outflow subsequently into the main duct to control wind energy transformation rate.

Description

A kind of wind powered generator control method and a kind of method for obtaining wind energy
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of wind power generation, more particularly to a kind of wind powered generator control method and a kind of acquisition The method of wind energy.
Background technique
With the development and a kind of appearance of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators of wind generating technology, in order to meet A kind of normal operation of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators, there is an urgent need to a kind of control methods, a kind of double to instruct and control All parts in duct vertical axis aerogenerator enable a kind of fortune of double duct vertical axis aerogenerator safety and stability Row.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerator control methods and a kind of obtain wind energy Method enables a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators to safely and steadily run.
The content of present invention is suitable for a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators, a kind of double duct vertical-shaft wind hairs Motor characteristic includes:
A kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators include: main duct, by-pass air duct, air flow rate control device, energy converting means It sets, auxiliary gas flow volume control device, generator bay.
The by-pass air duct is used to absorb wind energy, and by-pass air duct shape is upper bottom surface and bottom surface is polygon, and incline is straight line Class terrace with edge or upper bottom surface and bottom surface with the combination lines of curve are circle, and bus is the combination lines of straight line and curve Class rotary table, and by-pass air duct upper bottom surface area be greater than by-pass air duct bottom surface area.
The main duct is used to absorb wind energy, and main duct shape is upper bottom surface and bottom surface is polygon, and incline is straight line Class terrace with edge or upper bottom surface and bottom surface with the combination lines of curve are circle, and bus is the combination lines of straight line and curve Class rotary table, and main duct upper bottom surface area be greater than main duct bottom surface area, main duct is nested in by-pass air duct interior of shell, interior Duct is connect by by-pass air duct partition with by-pass air duct, and main duct is divided into several intension line ducts to be promoted by main duct partition Wind energy utilization.
The air flow rate control device, for adjusting a kind of power of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators, and A kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators are controlled to start and stop, air flow rate control device setting air-flow from The by-pass air duct outflow is subsequently on the flow trace of the main duct.
The auxiliary gas flow volume control device is used to adjust a kind of power of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators, And control a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators and start and stop, air flow rate control device and auxiliary gas flow flow Control device mutual backup, under emergency, wind power generator control system can simultaneously close off air flow rate control device and standby With air flow rate control device, the auxiliary gas flow volume control device setting air-flow from the by-pass air duct flow out subsequently into On the flow trace of the main duct.
The energy conversion device for absorbing wind energy, and converts wind energy into the energy of other forms, then by energy It is transferred to generator bay, the energy conversion device is arranged in air-flow and flows out from the by-pass air duct subsequently into the main duct On flow trace.
The generator bay is used to absorb the energy that the energy conversion device generates, and converting energy into can be grid-connected Alternating current, the generator bay are mounted below by-pass air duct.
Mainly include the following aspects in the content of present invention:
When a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators are under shutdown status, and current wind regime has entry condition, institute The step of stating a kind of starting of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators.
When a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators receive halt command or current wind regime does not have power generation item The step of part, a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators are shut down.
When a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators receive load down order, a kind of double duct vertical shaft winds The step of power generator load down.
When a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators receive application of load order, a kind of double duct vertical shaft winds The step of power generator application of load.
When a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators failures, a kind of double duct vertical axis wind power generations The step of machine emergency shutdown
Detailed description of the invention:
The present invention may be better understood from the description with reference to the accompanying drawing to a specific embodiment of the invention, in which: logical Cross reading detailed description of non-limiting embodiments referring to the drawings, other features, objects, and advantages of the invention It can become more apparent upon, wherein the same or similar appended drawing reference indicates the same or similar feature.
Fig. 1 is a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerator main views and region of interest cross-sectional view.
In Fig. 1: 1, main duct;2, main duct upper bottom surface;3, by-pass air duct airflow inlet;4, by-pass air duct upper bottom surface;5, outer culvert Road;6, main duct bottom surface;7, auxiliary gas flow volume control device;8, energy conversion device;9, air flow rate control device; 10, by-pass air duct air stream outlet;11, by-pass air duct bottom surface;12, generator bay;16, by-pass air duct partition;17, main duct partition;18, By-pass air duct shell.
Specific embodiment:
The feature and exemplary embodiment of various aspects of the invention is described more fully below.In the following detailed description, it mentions Many details are gone out, in order to provide complete understanding of the present invention.But to those skilled in the art clearly , the present invention can be implemented in the case where not needing some details in these details.Embodiment is retouched below It states just for the sake of providing and being better understood to of the invention by showing example of the invention.The present invention is never limited to following Any concrete configuration and algorithm proposed, but cover under the premise of without departing from the spirit of the present invention element, component and Any modification, replacement and the improvement of algorithm.In the the accompanying drawings and the following description, well known structure and technology is not shown, so as to It avoids causing the present invention unnecessary fuzzy.
A more complete description example embodiment with reference to the drawings.However, exemplary embodiment can be with a variety of Form is implemented, and is not understood as limited to embodiment set forth herein;On the contrary, thesing embodiments are provided so that the present invention More comprehensively and completely, and by the design of example embodiment comprehensively it is communicated to those skilled in the art.In the figure in order to clear It is clear, it may be exaggerated the thickness of region and layer.Identical appended drawing reference indicates same or similar structure in figure, thus will save Slightly their detailed description.
In addition, described feature, structure or characteristic can be incorporated in one or more implementations in any suitable manner In example.In the following description, many details are provided to provide and fully understand to the embodiment of the present invention.However, It will be appreciated by persons skilled in the art that technical solution of the present invention can be practiced without one in the specific detail or more It is more, or can adopt with other methods, constituent element, material etc..In other cases, be not shown in detail or describe known features, Material or operation are to avoid major technique intention of the invention is obscured.
Related technical term in the embodiment of the present invention:
Polygon: if being joined end to end the figure formed or the figure formed or by several of being joined end to end by stem curve by several straight lines The figure of composition if straight line and stem curve join end to end.
The content of present invention is suitable for a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators, a kind of double duct vertical-shaft wind hairs Motor characteristic includes:
A kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators include as shown in Figure 1: main duct 1, by-pass air duct 5, air flow rate control device 9, energy conversion device 8, auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7, generator bay 12.
By-pass air duct 5 is used to absorb wind energy, and 5 shape of by-pass air duct is upper bottom surface and bottom surface is polygon, incline be straight line with The class terrace with edge or upper bottom surface and bottom surface of the combination lines of curve are circle, and bus is the combination lines of straight line and curve Class rotary table, and the area of by-pass air duct upper bottom surface 4 is greater than the area of by-pass air duct bottom surface 11.
Main duct 1 is used to absorb wind energy, and main duct shape is upper bottom surface and bottom surface is polygon, and incline is straight line and song The class terrace with edge or upper bottom surface and bottom surface of the combination lines of line are circle, and bus is the class of the combination lines of straight line and curve Rotary table, and the area of main duct upper bottom surface 2 is greater than the area of main duct bottom surface 6, main duct 1 is nested in by-pass air duct shell 18 Portion, main duct 1 are connect by by-pass air duct partition 16 with by-pass air duct 5, and main duct 1 is divided into several main ducts by main duct partition 17 Sub- duct is to promote wind energy utilization.
Air flow rate control device 9 for adjusting a kind of power of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators, and controls A kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators start and stop, and the air flow rate control device 9 setting is in air-flow from institute The outflow of by-pass air duct 5 is stated subsequently on the flow trace of the main duct 1.
Auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7, for adjusting a kind of power of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators, and It controls a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators to start and stop, air flow rate control device 9 and auxiliary gas flow flow 7 mutual backup of control device, under emergency, wind power generator control system can simultaneously close off 9 He of air flow rate control device Auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7, the setting of auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7 are flowed out so in air-flow from the by-pass air duct 5 Enter on the flow trace of the main duct 1 afterwards.
Energy conversion device 8 for absorbing wind energy, and converts wind energy into the energy of other forms, then passes energy It is handed to generator bay 12, the setting of energy conversion device 8 is flowed out from the by-pass air duct 5 subsequently into the main duct in air-flow On 1 flow trace.
Generator bay 12 is used to absorb the energy that the energy conversion device 8 generates, and converting energy into can be grid-connected Alternating current, the generator bay 12 are mounted below by-pass air duct, are equipped with grid-connection device and wind-driven generator inside generator bay Control system.
A kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerator air-flows trend, air-flow enter from by-pass air duct airflow inlet 3, from outer Duct air stream outlet 10 enters air flow rate control device 9, enters energy conversion device 8 from air flow rate control device 9, from energy Measure conversion equipment 8 enter auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7, from auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7 enter main duct air-flow into Mouth 6 enters main duct from main duct airflow inlet 6, then flows out from main duct air stream outlet 2.
The content of one embodiment of the invention includes:
Starting method: shutting down under unfaulty conditions when a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators are in, and external wind regime The stream pressure for having entry condition or by-pass air duct bottom surface 11 reaches starting pressure, and wind power generator control system detection is spare Whether air flow rate control device 7 is opened, and does not open such as, then wind power generator control system, which can issue, opens auxiliary gas flow flow The order of control device 7 is all turned on to auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7, and wind power generator control system can issue unlatching The order of air flow rate control device 9, after air flow rate control device 9 is opened, energy conversion device 8 is started to work, and energy turns Changing device 8 send energy to generator bay 12, and the electric energy generated to 12 internal unit of generator bay has grid-connected conditions, by generating electricity Grid-connection device inside cabin 12 carries out grid-connected, and a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators enter grid-connected state.
Closing method: such as external when a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators are under operation or grid connection state Wind regime does not have power generation conditions or current power and is negative power or receives external idle instruction, wind power generator control system can under The order for sending out closed gas flow volume control device 9 or auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7, to air flow rate control device 9 or standby After being closed with air flow rate control device 7, and current power is less than or equal to 0, and wind power generator control system can give generator bay Grid-connection device inside 12 issues off-grid order, after the grid-connection device inside generator bay 12 completes off-grid order, described one kind Double duct vertical axis aerogenerators are completed to shut down.
Load down method: when a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators are under operation or grid connection state, such as wind Power generator control system receives load down order, and wind power generator control system can give air flow rate control device 9 or spare The transmission of air flow rate control device 7 subtracts flow command, and air flow rate control device 9 or auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7 are being received To after subtracting flow command, air flow rate control device 9 or auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7 can reduce internal unit and open width Degree reduces air flow rate, to reduce the energy output of energy conversion device 8.
Application of load method: when a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators are under operation or grid connection state, such as wind Power generator control system receives application of load order, and wind power generator control system can detect air flow rate control device 9 and standby With the unlatching amplitude of air flow rate control device 7, as air flow rate control device 9 or auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7 be not complete Full open, wind power generator control system can be issued to air flow rate control device 9 or auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7 plus stream Amount is ordered, and air flow rate control device 9 or auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7 have executed after adding flow command, corresponding energy The load output of conversion equipment 8 will increase.
Emergency shutdown method: when wind power generator control system detects a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators There is exception or failure in some part, and wind power generator control system can give air flow rate control device 9 and auxiliary gas flow flow Control device 7 issues shutdown command and sends off-grid order, air flow rate control dress to the grid-connection device inside generator bay 12 After setting the grid-connection device off-grid inside 9 and the closing of auxiliary gas flow volume control device 7 and generator bay 12, a kind of double culverts Road vertical axis aerogenerator is in disorderly closedown state.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of wind powered generator control method, characterized by comprising:
A kind of wind powered generator control method of the content of present invention is suitable for a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators;Wind-power electricity generation Machine control system passes through control air flow rate control device (9), auxiliary gas flow volume control device (7) and generator bay (12) The method that internal grid-connection device completes a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerator startings;Wind power generator control system By control air flow rate control device (9) or auxiliary gas flow volume control device (7) and generator bay (12) it is internal and Net equipment completes the method that a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators are shut down;Wind power generator control system passes through control It is vertical that the unlatching amplitude of air flow rate control device (9) or auxiliary gas flow volume control device (7) completes a kind of double ducts The method of axis wind power generator load shedding;Wind power generator control system is air flow rate control device (9) or spare by controlling The method that the unlatching amplitude of air flow rate control device (7) completes a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerator application of loads; Wind power generator control system passes through control air flow rate control device (9), auxiliary gas flow volume control device (7) and power generation The internal grid-connection device of cabin (12), completes a kind of method of double duct vertical axis aerogenerator emergency shutdowns.
2. a kind of wind powered generator control method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Starting method: when a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators have entry condition, wind power generator control system Auxiliary gas flow volume control device (7) and air-flow volume control device (9) are controlled and open, to generator bay (12) internal unit The electric energy of output has grid-connected conditions, and wind power generator control system controls generator bay (12) internal grid-connection device and completes simultaneously Net.
3. a kind of wind powered generator control method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Closing method: when a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators have halt condition or receive halt command, wind-force Generator control system controls and closes auxiliary gas flow volume control device (7) or air flow rate control device (9), small to power When being equal to 0, wind power generator control system controls generator bay (12) internal grid-connection device and completes off-grid.
4. a kind of wind powered generator control method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Load shedding method: when a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators receive load down order, wind-driven generator control System controls and reduces the unlatching amplitude of auxiliary gas flow volume control device (7) or air flow rate control device (9), to reduce The energy conversion rate of energy conversion device (8).
5. a kind of wind powered generator control method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Application of load method: when a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators receive application of load order, wind-driven generator control System controls and increases the unlatching amplitude of auxiliary gas flow volume control device (7) or air flow rate control device (9), to increase The energy conversion rate of energy conversion device (8).
6. a kind of wind powered generator control method as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that:
Emergency shutdown method: when a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators failures, wind power generator control system It controls and closes auxiliary gas flow volume control device (7) and air-flow volume control device (9), turn so that air-flow be blocked to enter energy Changing device (8), while controlling the grid-connection device inside generator bay and completing off-grid.
7. it is a kind of obtain wind energy method, characterized by comprising:
A kind of method for obtaining wind energy of the content of present invention is suitable for a kind of double duct vertical axis aerogenerators;In air-flow from described By-pass air duct (5) outflow is subsequently into the method for installing energy conversion device acquisition wind energy on the flow trace of the main duct (1); Installation air flow rate control dress on flow trace in air-flow from the by-pass air duct (5) outflow subsequently into the main duct (1) Set the method to control wind energy transformation rate.
CN201810108624.3A 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of wind powered generator control method and a kind of method for obtaining wind energy Pending CN110118153A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810108624.3A CN110118153A (en) 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of wind powered generator control method and a kind of method for obtaining wind energy

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810108624.3A CN110118153A (en) 2018-02-05 2018-02-05 A kind of wind powered generator control method and a kind of method for obtaining wind energy

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CN110118153A true CN110118153A (en) 2019-08-13

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101463801A (en) * 2009-01-08 2009-06-24 彭坚宁 Airflow power generation system and method
CN201386621Y (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-01-20 东莞市金鑫智能机械设备有限公司 Vertical regeneration wind-energy driven generator
CN203321745U (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-12-04 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 Double-duct axial-flow type wind power generation system
CN105649883A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-06-08 广州华新科实业有限公司 Wind power coupling balanced power generating method and system assisted by heat energy wind generation

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101463801A (en) * 2009-01-08 2009-06-24 彭坚宁 Airflow power generation system and method
CN201386621Y (en) * 2009-03-13 2010-01-20 东莞市金鑫智能机械设备有限公司 Vertical regeneration wind-energy driven generator
CN203321745U (en) * 2013-05-22 2013-12-04 江苏中蕴风电科技有限公司 Double-duct axial-flow type wind power generation system
CN105649883A (en) * 2016-03-11 2016-06-08 广州华新科实业有限公司 Wind power coupling balanced power generating method and system assisted by heat energy wind generation

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