CN110116361B - Aluminum alloy wheel hub batch polishing production line - Google Patents

Aluminum alloy wheel hub batch polishing production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110116361B
CN110116361B CN201910355196.9A CN201910355196A CN110116361B CN 110116361 B CN110116361 B CN 110116361B CN 201910355196 A CN201910355196 A CN 201910355196A CN 110116361 B CN110116361 B CN 110116361B
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China
Prior art keywords
feeding
plate
circular
disc type
positioning jig
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CN201910355196.9A
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CN110116361A (en
Inventor
卢海波
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Yuema Hub (Xuyi) Co.,Ltd.
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Yuema Hub Xuyi Co ltd
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Priority to CN201910355196.9A priority Critical patent/CN110116361B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B31/00Machines or devices designed for polishing or abrading surfaces on work by means of tumbling apparatus or other apparatus in which the work and/or the abrasive material is loose; Accessories therefor
    • B24B31/06Machines or devices designed for polishing or abrading surfaces on work by means of tumbling apparatus or other apparatus in which the work and/or the abrasive material is loose; Accessories therefor involving oscillating or vibrating containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B31/00Machines or devices designed for polishing or abrading surfaces on work by means of tumbling apparatus or other apparatus in which the work and/or the abrasive material is loose; Accessories therefor
    • B24B31/12Accessories; Protective equipment or safety devices; Installations for exhaustion of dust or for sound absorption specially adapted for machines covered by group B24B31/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/06Work supports, e.g. adjustable steadies

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of alloy part processing equipment, in particular to an aluminum alloy hub batch polishing production line, which comprises a disc type vibration polishing machine, an annular conveying belt, a feeding device, a rotary matching mechanism and a first hydraulic lifting device, wherein a plurality of positioning jig groups distributed at intervals along the conveying direction are arranged at the bottom of the annular conveying belt, the feeding device and the disc type vibration polishing machine are symmetrically arranged at the outer side of the annular conveying belt, the first hydraulic lifting device is arranged below the disc type vibration polishing machine and is used for driving the disc type vibration polishing machine to vertically move, a second hydraulic lifting device is arranged below the feeding device, the rotary matching mechanism comprises two driving components symmetrically arranged at the periphery of the disc type vibration polishing machine, an automatic mounting mechanism used for fixing a hub on the positioning jig groups is arranged right above the feeding device, and the invention can realize batch hub polishing processing, thereby greatly improving the processing efficiency.

Description

Aluminum alloy wheel hub batch polishing production line
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of alloy part processing equipment, in particular to a batch polishing production line for aluminum alloy hubs.
Background
The wheel hub is the most important safety part of an automobile, the product quality and the reliability of the wheel hub not only relate to the safety of the automobile, personnel and materials on the automobile, but also influence the performances of the automobile such as stability, maneuverability, comfort and the like in the running process. The aluminum alloy hub meets the above requirements with good comprehensive performance, and plays an important role in safety, comfort, light weight (at least 30% of mass reduction), and the like.
In the prior art, an automobile hub is still manually placed on a roller bed with a fixed structure in a hub polishing process, then, workers rotate the automobile hub manually while polishing and polishing, and different parts of the automobile hub need to be polished during polishing, so that the workers need to change postures ceaselessly, the labor intensity is high, and the efficiency is low.
According to the above problems, by searching: chinese patent No.: CN201610071102.1, which comprises four steps of descaling in a sand opener, rough grinding and fine grinding in a vibration grinder, and finally polishing in a hub grinder. The polishing device has the advantages of good polishing effect and high surface brightness, can save a large amount of labor cost, shortens the processing time and comprehensively improves the production efficiency.
The disadvantages of the above solution are: the traditional vibration grinding machine still adopts manual repeated conveying in the step of feeding the wheel hub, and cannot realize batch synchronous processing, so that the efficiency improvement effect is not obvious.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a batch polishing production line for aluminum alloy hubs, aiming at the defects of the prior art. In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
the utility model provides an aluminum alloy wheel hub polishes production line in batches, including disc type vibration polishing machine, still include annular conveyer belt, loading attachment, rotatory cooperation mechanism and the first elevating gear that surges, the positioning jig group that a plurality of transmission direction interval distribution was followed is installed to annular conveyer belt's bottom, the outside of annular conveyer belt is located to loading attachment and disc type vibration polishing machine symmetry, the below of disc type vibration polishing machine is located and is used for driving its vertical activity to first elevating gear that surges, loading attachment's below is provided with the second and moves elevating gear, rotatory cooperation mechanism locates two peripheral drive assembly of disc type vibration polishing machine including the symmetry, be provided with directly over the loading attachment and be used for fixing the automatic installation mechanism on positioning jig group with wheel hub.
Furthermore, the positioning jig group comprises a first top beam plate and two second top beam plates, one end of the first top beam plate and one end of each of the second top beam plates are connected with the conveying plane of the annular conveying belt, the other ends of the first top beam plate and the second top beam plates horizontally extend to the outer side of the annular conveying belt, the first top beam plate is positioned between the two second top beam plates and is twice as long as the second top beam plates, the outer ends of the first top beam plate and the second top beam plates, which are far away from the annular conveying belt, are respectively provided with a through hole, each through hole is internally and axially connected with a cylindrical barrel, two ends of each cylindrical barrel are respectively positioned above and below the through hole, the lower half section of each cylindrical barrel is sleeved with a first gear, the side of each first gear is respectively provided with a rack capable of moving horizontally, the extending directions of all the racks are respectively parallel to the extending directions of the first top beam plates and the second top beam plates at respective positions, the moving direction of each rack is respectively parallel to the extending direction of the corresponding first top beam plate and the second top beam plate, all the cylindrical cylinders in each positioning jig are distributed in an isosceles triangle shape, and the circle center of the cylindrical cylinder corresponding to the first top beam plate is the vertex of the isosceles triangle.
Further, the disc type vibration polishing machine is located below all the positioning jig groups, and when a certain positioning jig group moves to the position right above the disc type vibration polishing machine, all the cylindrical barrels in the positioning jig groups are distributed at equal angles around the circumferential direction of the vibration accommodating disc of the disc type vibration polishing machine respectively.
Furthermore, the feeding device comprises a feeding chassis, three supporting columns and a plurality of matching rods, the feeding chassis is horizontal, the bottom of the feeding chassis is connected with the output end of the second hydraulic lifting device, the three supporting columns are distributed on the top of the feeding chassis in an isosceles triangle shape, the supporting columns are vertically arranged, a circular concave cavity is formed in the top ends of the supporting columns, the matching rods comprise a circular bottom block capable of being extruded into the circular concave cavity and a pseudo axle which is coaxially and alternately matched with the wheel hub, the circular bottom block is coaxially and fixedly connected with one end of the pseudo axle, the outer diameter of the circular bottom block is larger than that of the pseudo axle, inner thread sections are arranged at the top ends of the pseudo axles, all positioning jig groups can respectively advance to the position right above the feeding device one by, and when a certain positioning jig group is positioned right above the feeding device, all the support columns in the feeding device respectively correspond to all the cylindrical cylinders in the positioning jig group one by one.
Further, the automatic mounting mechanism comprises a screw-in piece, a lifting mechanism and a translation mechanism, the screw-in piece is mounted at the output end of the lifting mechanism and can vertically move right above the feeding device through the lifting mechanism, the output end of the translation mechanism is in transmission connection with the lifting mechanism, the translation mechanism is used for driving the lifting mechanism to horizontally move, the screw-in piece comprises a screw-in base, three electromagnets and a screw-in motor, three separation blocks distributed in an isosceles triangle shape are arranged at the top of the screw-in base, the separation blocks are in shaft connection fit with the screw-in base and penetrate through the screw-in base, all the electromagnets are vertically mounted at the bottom end of one separation block respectively, all the electromagnets are in one-to-one correspondence with all the support columns respectively, the electromagnets are in a cylindrical barrel structure, a second gear is sleeved at the upper ends of all the separation blocks, the screw-, the tension wheel is in transmission connection with all the second gears through a first synchronous belt.
Furthermore, the bottom end of each breaking-away block is respectively sleeved with a fixed block, the fixed blocks are matched with the breaking-away blocks in a hinged mode, the stopping blocks are arranged below the fixed blocks and are of cylindrical barrel structures, the stopping blocks are elastically connected with the fixed blocks through buffer springs, the inner diameter of each stopping block is larger than the outer diameter of each electromagnet, an annular groove is formed in the top end of each cylindrical barrel, and each annular groove is used for enabling the bottom end of each stopping block to be inserted into and used for pressing-down stopping of the cylindrical barrel.
Further, elevating system is including being vertical lead screw and first motor, and the lead screw is vertical shaft joint in the top of screw in spare through the U template, and first motor is installed on the top of lead screw to the two transmission is connected, and the cover is equipped with can be with it transmission complex slider on the lead screw, and the slider passes through the linkage frame to be connected with screw in base top transmission.
Further, the translation mechanism comprises a servo electric cylinder or an electric screw rod sliding table.
Further, two drive assembly structures are the same, one of them drive assembly is in the below of annular conveyer belt, drive assembly includes the diaphragm, the drive oil rod, first push rod and two second push rods, first push rod and all second push rods all are the right angle cooperation with the diaphragm front side, first push rod is in between two second push rods, the drive oil rod is located the diaphragm dorsal part, and be used for driving diaphragm horizontal movement, the output direction of the drive oil rod in two drive assembly is the same, first push rod length in the drive assembly that is in the annular conveyer belt below is less than the second push rod, first push rod length in another drive assembly is greater than the second push rod, when a certain positioning jig group marchs directly over the disc type vibration polishing machine, all racks in this positioning jig group respectively with first push rod and all second push rod one-to-one in the drive assembly.
Furthermore, first hydraulic lifting device and second hydraulic lifting device all include that a plurality of is vertical hydraulic lifting post.
Has the advantages that: according to the aluminum alloy hub batch polishing production line, a single dummy axle and a single hub can be inserted and matched manually or by a manipulator in advance, the dummy axle is in a vertical posture during insertion, and the circular bottom block fixedly matched with the end of the dummy axle is used for bearing the hub inserted with the dummy axle, so that the outer diameter of the circular bottom block is larger than that of the dummy axle, the outer diameter of the circular bottom block is also larger than the inner diameter of an axle hole formed by installing the hub and the axle, and the axle hole is used for inserting the dummy axle; the wheel hub is inserted from one end of the dummy axle far away from the circular bottom block; after the single wheel hub is matched with the pseudo axle and the round bottom block and inserted, a manual or mechanical arm puts the round bottom block for bearing the wheel hub into a round cavity, the lower half section of the round bottom block is positioned in the round cavity, the round bottom block is supported by a support column, the wheel hub is positioned above the support column by virtue of the round bottom block, and the upper section of the pseudo axle is positioned above the support column in a vertical posture; the steps are fully carried out until the number of the hubs on the feeding chassis is three, the three hubs are distributed in an isosceles triangle shape by means of three support columns, then the automatic mounting mechanism starts to extract three large iron nuts, the three large iron nuts are positioned right above the feeding device, then the second hydraulic lifting device drives the feeding chassis to drive the three hubs to ascend in a small range until the internal thread section of the pseudo axle penetrates through the upper part of the cylindrical barrel, then the automatic mounting mechanism respectively screws the three large nuts into one pseudo axle, and the large nuts are fixedly matched with the top end of the cylindrical barrel, so that the pseudo axle is fixedly sleeved on the cylindrical barrel; then the annular conveying belt advances the positioning jig group loaded with the wheel hubs to the area of the disc type vibration polishing machine, then the first hydraulic lifting device drives the disc type vibration polishing machine to ascend, so that three wheel hubs are positioned in the polishing area of the disc type vibration polishing machine, then the disc type vibration polishing machine starts to work, materials in the disc type vibration polishing machine vibrate in an eddy current type or a spiral type mode, meanwhile, the two driving assemblies can drive all cylindrical barrels on the positioning jig group to rotate in a circulating forward, reverse and slow mode, the outer surfaces of the wheel hubs are in full contact with the polishing materials, and then polishing efficiency is accelerated.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic plan view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of FIG. 2 at B;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view at C of FIG. 2;
FIG. 6 is a partial perspective view of the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of FIG. 6 at D;
FIG. 8 is a partial perspective view of the second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a third schematic view of a partial perspective structure of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged view at E of FIG. 9;
description of reference numerals: disc type vibratory finishing machine 1, first hydraulic lift device 1 a.
An endless conveyor belt 2.
The positioning jig group 3, the first top beam plate 3a, the second top beam plate 3b, the cylindrical barrel 3c, the annular groove 3c1, the first gear 3c2 and the rack 3c 3.
The material loading chassis 4, the support column 4a, the circular cavity 4b, the circular bottom block 4c, the pseudo axle 4d, the internal thread section 4d 1.
And a second hydraulic lifting device 5.
A transverse plate 6, a driving oil rod 6a, a first push rod 6b and a second push rod 6 c.
The device comprises a screwing-in base 7, a disengaging block 7a, a second gear 7b, a tensioning wheel 7c, a fixing block 7d, a stop block 7e, an electromagnet 7f, a screwing-in motor 7q and a buffer spring 7 k.
The lead screw 8, first motor 8a, slider 8b, linkage frame 8 c.
A translation mechanism 9.
A large nut 10.
Detailed Description
The following detailed description of specific embodiments of the present invention is made with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples:
referring to fig. 1 to 10, an aluminum alloy wheel hub batch polishing production line is shown, including disc type vibration polishing machine 1, still include annular conveyer belt 2, loading attachment, rotatory cooperation mechanism and first elevating gear 1a that surges, a plurality of along its direction of transfer interval distribution's positioning jig group 3 is installed to the bottom of annular conveyer belt 2, loading attachment and disc type vibration polishing machine 1 symmetry locate the outside of annular conveyer belt 2, first elevating gear 1a that surges is located the below of disc type vibration polishing machine 1 and is used for driving its vertical activity, the below of loading attachment is provided with second hydraulic lifting gear 5, rotatory cooperation mechanism includes two drive assembly of symmetry locating disc type vibration polishing machine 1 periphery, be provided with directly over the loading attachment and be used for fixing wheel hub the automatic installation mechanism on positioning jig group 3.
The positioning jig group 3 comprises a first top beam plate 3a and two second top beam plates 3b, one ends of the first top beam plate 3a and all the second top beam plates 3b are connected with a conveying plane of the annular conveying belt 2, the other ends of the first top beam plate 3a and all the second top beam plates 3b are horizontally extended to the outer side of the annular conveying belt 2, the first top beam plate 3a is located between the two second top beam plates 3b, the length of the first top beam plate 3a is twice that of the second top beam plate 3b, a through hole is formed in the outer end, far away from the annular conveying belt 2, of each of the first top beam plate 3a and the second top beam plate 3b, a cylindrical barrel 3c is axially connected in each through hole, two ends of the cylindrical barrel 3c are located above and below the through hole respectively, a first gear 3c2 is sleeved on the lower half section of each cylindrical barrel 3c, a rack 3c3 capable of horizontally moving is arranged on each of the first gear 3c2, the extension directions of all the racks 3c3 are respectively corresponding to the first top beam plates 3a first top beam plate 3 The extending directions of the racks 3c3 are parallel, the moving direction of each rack 3c3 is respectively parallel to the extending directions of the corresponding first top beam plate 3a and the second top beam plate 3b, all the cylindrical cylinders 3c in each positioning jig are distributed in an isosceles triangle, and the circle center of the cylindrical cylinder 3c corresponding to the first top beam plate 3a is the vertex of the isosceles triangle; after a certain positioning jig group 3 advances to the position right above the disc type vibration polishing machine 1, the two driving assemblies are in transmission fit with all the racks 3c3 in the positioning jig; the purpose is to push the rack 3c3 to do reciprocating linear motion, so as to promote the first gear 3c2 to rotate in a positive and negative cycle manner, and the purpose is to make the cylindrical barrel 3c rotate in a positive and negative direction; the cylindrical barrel 3c is used for mounting the hub to be polished; three wheel hubs can be placed in each positioning jig group 3 at the same time, so that the three wheel hubs receive polishing work at the same time subsequently, batch wheel hub polishing work is realized, and the efficiency of overall polishing production is accelerated.
The disc type vibration polishing machine 1 is positioned below all the positioning jig groups 3, and when one positioning jig group 3 advances to the position right above the disc type vibration polishing machine 1, all the cylindrical barrels 3c in the positioning jig group 3 are distributed around the circumference of a vibration accommodating disc of the disc type vibration polishing machine 1 at equal angles; since all the cylindrical barrels 3c in one positioning jig group 3 are distributed in an isosceles triangle shape, the three hubs placed in a single positioning jig group 3 are distributed along the axial direction of the vibration receiving disc of the disc type vibration polishing machine 1 in a polishing state, so that the three hubs can be fully matched with the disc type vibration polishing machine 1 to work; the disc type vibration polishing machine 1 is the prior art, and the flow mode of the polishing materials in the disc type vibration polishing machine is a vortex type or a spiral type, which is the function of the vibration polishing machine in the prior art, so the detailed description is not needed; because the flow mode characteristic of the polishing material is matched with the placing postures of the three hubs in the polishing process, the three hubs can be effectively polished.
The feeding device comprises a feeding base plate 4, three supporting columns 4a and a plurality of matching rods, wherein the feeding base plate 4 is horizontal, the bottom of the feeding base plate is connected with the output end of a second hydraulic lifting device 5, the three supporting columns 4a are distributed on the top of the feeding base plate 4 in an isosceles triangle shape, the supporting columns 4a are vertically arranged, a circular concave cavity 4b is formed in the top end of each supporting column 4a, each matching rod comprises a circular bottom block 4c capable of being extruded into the circular concave cavity 4b and a pseudo axle 4d coaxially and penetratingly matched with a hub, the circular bottom block 4c is coaxially and fixedly connected with one end of the pseudo axle 4d, the outer diameter of the circular bottom block 4c is larger than that of the pseudo axle 4d, an internal thread section 4d1 is arranged at the top end of the pseudo axle 4d, all positioning jig groups 3 can respectively advance to the position right above the feeding device one by one, and when a certain positioning jig group 3 is positioned right, all the support columns 4a in the feeding device are respectively in one-to-one correspondence with all the cylindrical barrels 3c in the positioning jig group 3; a single dummy axle 4d and a single hub can be inserted and matched manually or by a manipulator in advance, the dummy axle 4d is in a vertical posture during insertion, and the circular bottom block 4c fixedly matched with the end part of the dummy axle 4d is used for bearing the hub inserted with the dummy axle 4d, so that the outer diameter of the circular bottom block 4c is larger than that of the dummy axle 4d, the outer diameter of the circular bottom block 4c is also larger than the inner diameter of a shaft hole formed by installing the hub and the axle, and the shaft hole is used for inserting the dummy axle 4 d; the hub is inserted from the end of the dummy axle 4d remote from the circular bottom block 4 c; after the single wheel hub is matched with the dummy axle 4d and the circular bottom block 4c and inserted, a manual or mechanical arm puts the circular bottom block 4c for supporting the wheel hub into a circular concave cavity 4b, the lower half section of the circular bottom block 4c is positioned in the circular concave cavity 4b, the circular bottom block 4c is supported by the supporting column 4a, at the moment, the wheel hub is positioned above the supporting column 4a by the circular bottom block 4c, and the upper section of the dummy axle 4d is positioned above the supporting column 4a in a vertical posture; the internal thread section 4d1 arranged on the upper section of the pseudo axle 4d is fixedly matched with the single cylindrical barrel 3c through a large iron nut; the concrete during operation: placing three hubs simultaneously, wherein each hub is arranged on one support column 4a through one circular bottom block 4c and one pseudo axle 4d, then a certain positioning jig group 3 is displaced above the three hubs, at the moment, three cylindrical barrels 3c in the positioning jig are respectively corresponding to the three support columns 4a, namely the three hubs one by one, at the moment, the inner holes of the cylindrical barrels 3c are coaxial with the pseudo axles 4d in the corresponding hub areas, and the inner diameters of the cylindrical barrels 3c are similar to the outer diameters of the pseudo axles 4 d; the subsequent second hydraulic lifting device 5 drives the feeding chassis 4 to ascend, namely, each pseudo axle 4d of the three hub areas ascends in a vertical posture and penetrates through the cylindrical barrels 3c at the respective positions from bottom to top; and until the internal thread section 4d1 of the dummy axle 4d is above the cylindrical barrel 3 c; then, the automatic mounting mechanism fixedly connects each dummy axle 4d with the cylindrical barrel 3c at each position by using three large iron nuts; finally, each wheel hub is reversely arranged below the positioning jig group 3 through the respective circular bottom block 4c and the dummy axle 4 d.
The automatic mounting mechanism comprises a screw-in piece, a lifting mechanism and a translation mechanism 9, the screw-in piece is mounted at the output end of the lifting mechanism and can vertically move right above the feeding device through the lifting mechanism, the output end of the translation mechanism 9 is in transmission connection with the lifting mechanism, the translation mechanism 9 is used for driving the lifting mechanism to horizontally move, the screw-in piece comprises a screw-in base 7, three electromagnets 7f and a screw-in motor 7q, three separation blocks 7a distributed in an isosceles triangle shape are arranged at the top of the screw-in base 7, the separation blocks 7a are in shaft connection fit with the screw-in base 7 and penetrate through the screw-in base 7, all the electromagnets 7f are respectively vertically mounted at the bottom end of one separation block 7a, all the electromagnets 7f are respectively in one-to-one correspondence with all the support columns 4a, the electromagnets 7f are in a cylindrical structure, and a second, the screw-in motor 7q is arranged above the screw-in base 7 in an inverted manner, a tension wheel 7c is arranged on a main shaft of the screw-in motor 7q, and the tension wheel 7c is in transmission connection with all the second gears 7b through a first synchronous belt; when the second hydraulic lifting device 5 drives the three placed hubs to rise, the screw-in member firstly obtains three large nuts 10 by the driving force of the lifting mechanism and the translation mechanism 9, the large nuts 10 are cast by iron materials, and the obtained three large nuts 10 are distributed in an isosceles triangle, specifically: the lifting mechanism is driven to be screwed into the base 7 and descend to a large nut 10 feeding area; the transport of the large nuts 10 can be carried out by two conveyors; the position of the conveyed nut enables three adjacent large nuts 10 to be distributed in an isosceles triangle shape; then screwing in the base 7 and continuously descending through the lifting mechanism to enable the three electromagnets 7f to respectively correspond to one large nut 10, wherein the electromagnets 7f are of a cylindrical structure, and the inner diameter of each electromagnet is larger than the outer diameter of the pseudo axle 4d and smaller than the specification of the large nut 10; the bottom end of the electromagnet 7f is pressed onto the large nut 10, then the electromagnet 7f is electrified to tightly suck the large nut 10 made of iron materials, then the large nut is reset to be above the three hubs through the lifting mechanism and the translation mechanism 9, namely above the feeding device, then screwing in the base 7 and descending through the lifting mechanism, respectively descending the three large nuts 10 towards the direction of a dummy axle 4d, after contacting the top end of the dummy axle 4d, screwing in the motor 7q to start working, all the second gears 7b are driven by the tension wheel 7c and the first synchronous belt, the separation block 7a drives the respective electromagnets 7f to rotate by the rotation of the second gears 7b, thereby rotating the large nut 10, and the screwing-in motor 7q is a slow motor, so that the large nut 10 can be screwed into the internal thread section 4d1 on the respective pseudo axle 4d slowly; meanwhile, the lifting mechanism also keeps descending, so that the screwing work of the large nut 10 is met; the working frequency of the lifting mechanism at this time is the same as that of the screw-in motor 7q, so that the two are ensured to be synchronous.
The bottom end of each disengaging block 7a is respectively sleeved with a fixing block 7d, the fixing block 7d is in hinged fit with the disengaging block 7a, a stop block 7e is arranged below the fixing block 7d, the stop block 7e is of a cylindrical barrel structure, the stop block 7e is elastically connected with the fixing block 7d through a buffer spring 7k, the inner diameter of the stop block 7e is larger than the outer diameter of the electromagnet 7f, the top ends of all cylindrical barrels 3c are respectively provided with an annular groove 3c1, and the annular groove 3c1 is used for inserting the bottom end of the single stop block 7e and performing downward pressing type stop on the cylindrical barrels 3 c; when the large nut 10 keeps a screwed state on the dummy axle 4d and is about to reach the bottom, that is, the top end of the cylindrical barrel 3c, in order to prevent the cylindrical barrel 3c from rotating and affecting screwing, when the screw-in member is driven to descend by the elevating mechanism, the stop block 7e in the area of each electromagnet 7f firstly contacts each cylindrical barrel 3c, the stop block 7e is of a cylindrical barrel structure and passes through the annular groove 3c1 on the cylindrical barrel 3c, so that the bottom end of the stop block 7e can be inserted into the annular groove 3c1, when each screw-in base 7 descends to a set position by the elevating mechanism, that is, the stop block 7e is pressed by the buffer spring 7k, the downward pressure is gradually applied to the groove bottom in the annular groove 3c1, that is that the large nut 10 is about to contact the top of the cylindrical barrel 3c, and the cylindrical barrel 3c is pressed by the pressing force, the nut cannot rotate, and then the large nut 10 can be fixedly matched with the top end of the cylindrical barrel 3 c.
The lifting mechanism comprises a vertical screw rod 8 and a first motor 8a, the screw rod 8 is vertically connected above the screwing-in piece through a U-shaped plate, the first motor 8a is installed at the top end of the screw rod 8 and is in transmission connection with the screw rod 8, a sliding block 8b capable of being in transmission fit with the screw rod 8 is sleeved on the screw rod 8, and the sliding block 8b is in transmission connection with the top of the screwing-in base 7 through a linkage frame 8 c; the first motor 8a drives the screw rod 8 to rotate around the axis of the screw rod, so that the sliding block 8b is driven by the linkage frame 8c to be screwed into the base 7 to vertically move; when the large nut 10 is screwed into the pseudo axle 4d, the output power of the first motor 8a and the output power of the screwing motor 7q are consistent; meanwhile, the thread space of the screw rod 8 is the same as the thread space of the internal thread section 4d1 on the pseudo axle 4d, so that the screwing working stability and accuracy of the large nut 10 can be improved.
The translation mechanism 9 comprises a servo electric cylinder or an electric screw rod 8 sliding table; the translation mechanism 9 drives the lifting mechanism and the screwing piece to move linearly so as to be pulled out of the area above the feeding device, so that the large nut 10 to be used subsequently can be obtained conveniently; the manner in which the large nut 10 is fed is not described in detail herein.
The two driving assemblies are identical in structure, one of the driving assemblies is located below the annular conveying belt 2 and comprises a transverse plate 6, a driving oil rod 6a, a first push rod 6b and two second push rods 6c, the first push rod 6b and all the second push rods 6c are in right-angle fit with the front side face of the transverse plate 6, the first push rod 6b is located between the two second push rods 6c, the driving oil rod 6a is arranged on the back side of the transverse plate 6 and used for driving the transverse plate 6 to move horizontally, the output directions of the driving oil rods 6a in the two driving assemblies are identical, the length of the first push rod 6b in the driving assembly below the annular conveying belt 2 is smaller than that of the second push rod 6c, the length of the first push rod 6b in the other driving assembly is larger than that of the second push rod 6c, when a certain positioning jig group 3 advances to the position right above the disc type vibration polishing machine 1, all the racks 3c3 in the positioning jig group 3 are respectively in one-to-one correspondence with the first push rods 6b The preparation method comprises the following steps of; after the three hubs are respectively matched with a first top beam plate 3a and two second top beam plates 3b in a certain positioning jig group 3 one by one, the positioning jig group 3 moves right above the disc type vibration polishing machine 1, and after the three hubs enter the polishing interior of the disc type vibration polishing machine, the disc type vibration polishing machine works; at the moment, the two driving assemblies start to work synchronously, the driving oil rod 6a in one driving assembly drives the transverse plate 6 at the position to approach the other driving assembly directly, in the millet grass, the first push rod 6b and the two second push rods 6c respectively contact the end part of one rack 3c3 to push the rack 3c3, the output direction of the driving oil rod 6a in the other driving assembly is reversed, so that the transverse plate 6 at the position is slowly far away from the other driving assembly, the first push rod 6b and the two second push rods 6c at the position are also slowly and gradually far away from the other driving assembly, the two driving assemblies are used for driving the rack 3c3 to move in a reciprocating and linear mode, one driving assembly is used as a pushing force, the other driving assembly is used as a buffer type avoiding mode, the rack 3c3 is prevented from moving too fast, and due to the movement of the rack 3c3, the first gear 3c2 is then rotated, so that the dummy axle 4d is driven by the cylindrical drum 3c to rotate slowly in synchronism with the rotation of the hub in the direction opposite to the material flow direction of the disc type vibration polishing machine 1, thereby increasing the polishing speed and efficiency of the workpiece.
The first hydraulic lifting device 1a and the second hydraulic lifting device 5 both comprise a plurality of vertical hydraulic lifting columns.
The working principle is as follows: a single dummy axle 4d and a single hub can be inserted and matched manually or by a manipulator in advance, the dummy axle 4d is in a vertical posture during insertion, and the circular bottom block 4c fixedly matched with the end part of the dummy axle 4d is used for bearing the hub inserted with the dummy axle 4d, so that the outer diameter of the circular bottom block 4c is larger than that of the dummy axle 4d, the outer diameter of the circular bottom block 4c is also larger than the inner diameter of a shaft hole formed by installing the hub and the axle, and the shaft hole is used for inserting the dummy axle 4 d; the hub is inserted from the end of the dummy axle 4d remote from the circular bottom block 4 c; after the single wheel hub is matched with the dummy axle 4d and the circular bottom block 4c and inserted, a manual or mechanical arm puts the circular bottom block 4c for supporting the wheel hub into a circular concave cavity 4b, the lower half section of the circular bottom block 4c is positioned in the circular concave cavity 4b, the circular bottom block 4c is supported by the supporting column 4a, at the moment, the wheel hub is positioned above the supporting column 4a by the circular bottom block 4c, and the upper section of the dummy axle 4d is positioned above the supporting column 4a in a vertical posture; the steps are fully performed until the number of the hubs on the feeding chassis 4 is three, the three hubs depend on three support columns 4a and are distributed in an isosceles triangle shape, then the automatic mounting mechanism starts to extract three large iron nuts 10, the three large iron nuts 10 are positioned right above the feeding device, then the second hydraulic lifting device 5 drives the feeding chassis 4 to drive the three hubs to ascend in a small range until the internal thread section 4d1 of the pseudo axle 4d penetrates through the cylindrical barrel 3c, then the automatic mounting mechanism respectively screws the three large nuts 10 into one pseudo axle 4d, and the large nuts 10 are fixedly matched with the top end of the cylindrical barrel 3c, so that the pseudo axle 4d is fixedly sleeved on the cylindrical barrel 3 c; then annular conveyer belt 2 will load into the location tool group 3 of wheel hub and advance to disc type vibration polishing machine 1 region, then first hydraulic lift device 1a drive disc type vibration polishing machine 1 rises for three wheel hub is in the polishing region of disc type vibration polishing machine 1, then disc type vibration polishing machine 1 begins work, its inside material is vortex type or spiral vibration, two drive assembly can impel all cylindrical section of thick bamboo 3c on this location tool group 3 to take place the positive and negative slow rotation of circulation simultaneously, make wheel hub surface and polishing material fully contact, and then accelerated polishing efficiency.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the technical scope of the present invention, so that any minor modifications, equivalent changes and modifications made to the above embodiment according to the technical spirit of the present invention are within the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides an aluminum alloy wheel hub batch polishing production line, includes disc type vibration polishing machine (1), its characterized in that: the automatic wheel hub assembling device comprises a circular conveying belt (2), a feeding device, a rotary matching mechanism and a first hydraulic lifting device (1 a), wherein a plurality of positioning jig groups (3) distributed at intervals along the conveying direction of the circular conveying belt are installed at the bottom of the circular conveying belt (2), the feeding device and a disc type vibration polishing machine (1) are symmetrically arranged on the outer side of the circular conveying belt (2), the first hydraulic lifting device (1 a) is arranged below the disc type vibration polishing machine (1) and used for driving the disc type vibration polishing machine to move vertically, a second hydraulic lifting device (5) is arranged below the feeding device, the rotary matching mechanism comprises two driving components symmetrically arranged on the periphery of the disc type vibration polishing machine (1), and an automatic installing mechanism used for fixing a wheel hub on the positioning jig groups (3) is arranged right above the feeding device;
the positioning jig group (3) comprises a first top beam plate (3 a) and two second top beam plates (3 b), one end of the first top beam plate (3 a) and one end of all the second top beam plates (3 b) are connected with a conveying plane of the annular conveying belt (2), the other ends of the first top beam plate (3 a) and the second top beam plates (3 b) horizontally extend to the outer side of the annular conveying belt (2), the first top beam plate (3 a) is positioned between the two second top beam plates (3 b) and is twice as long as the second top beam plates (3 b), the outer ends, far away from the annular conveying belt (2), of the first top beam plate (3 a) and the second top beam plates (3 b) are respectively provided with a through hole, each through hole is internally and axially connected with a cylindrical barrel (3 c), the two ends of each cylindrical barrel (3 c) are respectively positioned above and below the through hole, the lower half section of each cylindrical barrel (3 c) is sleeved with a first gear (3 c 2), a rack (3 c 3) capable of moving horizontally is arranged at the side of each first gear (3 c 2), the extending direction of all racks (3 c 3) is parallel to the extending direction of the first top beam plate (3 a) and the second top beam plate (3 b) at the respective positions, the moving direction of each rack (3 c 3) is parallel to the extending direction of the corresponding first top beam plate (3 a) and the second top beam plate (3 b), all cylindrical cylinders (3 c) in each positioning jig are distributed in an isosceles triangle shape, and the circle center of the cylindrical cylinder (3 c) corresponding to the first top beam plate (3 a) is the vertex of the isosceles triangle;
the feeding device comprises a feeding chassis (4), three supporting columns (4 a) and a plurality of matching rods, wherein the feeding chassis (4) is horizontal, the bottom of the feeding chassis is connected with the output end of a second hydraulic lifting device (5), the three supporting columns (4 a) are distributed at the top of the feeding chassis (4) in an isosceles triangle shape, the supporting columns (4 a) are vertically arranged, a circular concave cavity (4 b) is formed in the top end of each supporting column (4 a), each matching rod comprises a circular bottom block (4 c) capable of being extruded into the circular concave cavity (4 b) and a pseudo axle (4 d) coaxially and alternately matched with a hub, the circular bottom block (4 c) is coaxially and fixedly connected with one end of the pseudo axle (4 d), the outer diameter of the circular bottom block (4 c) is larger than that of the pseudo axle (4 d), the top end of the pseudo axle (4 d) is provided with an inner thread section (4 d 1), all positioning jig groups (3) can respectively advance to the position right above the feeding device one by one, and when a certain positioning jig group (3) is positioned right above the feeding device, all the support columns (4 a) in the feeding device are respectively in one-to-one correspondence with all the cylindrical barrels (3 c) in the positioning jig group (3).
CN201910355196.9A 2019-04-29 2019-04-29 Aluminum alloy wheel hub batch polishing production line Active CN110116361B (en)

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CN111993169B (en) * 2020-09-05 2021-08-06 扬州易达利机械科技有限公司 Fine treatment process for surface of steel automobile hub
CN113370063A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-10 浙江今飞机械有限公司 Automatic polishing equipment for hub

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DE69829452T2 (en) * 1997-12-10 2006-02-09 Shuji Kawasaki Barrel finishing machine
JP2002011649A (en) * 2000-06-28 2002-01-15 Sinto Brator Co Ltd Method for grinding by granular media
US6406356B1 (en) * 2001-03-12 2002-06-18 Frederick E. Brooks Wheel finishing apparatus and method
GB0900323D0 (en) * 2009-01-09 2009-02-11 Ayce Systems Ltd Apparatus for working on a wheel
CN202894895U (en) * 2012-09-18 2013-04-24 浙江金恒力新技术开发有限公司 Hub polishing and grinding miller
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