CN110116030A - A kind of rice mill - Google Patents

A kind of rice mill Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110116030A
CN110116030A CN201910370511.5A CN201910370511A CN110116030A CN 110116030 A CN110116030 A CN 110116030A CN 201910370511 A CN201910370511 A CN 201910370511A CN 110116030 A CN110116030 A CN 110116030A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
paddy
wheel
idler wheel
sieve
driving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910370511.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蔡东明
蔡智明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangdong Dongji Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangdong Dongji Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangdong Dongji Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Guangdong Dongji Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910370511.5A priority Critical patent/CN110116030A/en
Publication of CN110116030A publication Critical patent/CN110116030A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02BPREPARING GRAIN FOR MILLING; REFINING GRANULAR FRUIT TO COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS BY WORKING THE SURFACE
    • B02B3/00Hulling; Husking; Decorticating; Polishing; Removing the awns; Degerming
    • B02B3/04Hulling; Husking; Decorticating; Polishing; Removing the awns; Degerming by means of rollers
    • B02B3/045Hulling; Husking; Decorticating; Polishing; Removing the awns; Degerming by means of rollers cooperating rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02BPREPARING GRAIN FOR MILLING; REFINING GRANULAR FRUIT TO COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS BY WORKING THE SURFACE
    • B02B5/00Grain treatment not otherwise provided for
    • B02B5/02Combined processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02BPREPARING GRAIN FOR MILLING; REFINING GRANULAR FRUIT TO COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS BY WORKING THE SURFACE
    • B02B7/00Auxiliary devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02BPREPARING GRAIN FOR MILLING; REFINING GRANULAR FRUIT TO COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS BY WORKING THE SURFACE
    • B02B7/00Auxiliary devices
    • B02B7/02Feeding or discharging devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/30Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro within their own plane in or approximately in or transverse to the direction of conveyance
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rice mills, including granary, transmission device, shiver device, husking apparatus for rice, storage warehouse and take out paddy device, by the way that transmission device is arranged, utilize the squeezing action of the roller group of transmission device, husk and the grain of rice can become loose between each other, when carrying out subsequent husk rice step again, the precision of husk rice can be effectively improved, reduces the residual of husk in fresh rice.In addition, the impurity from the paddy that transmission device exports is removed, to improve husk rice quality by setting shiver device.It is lower than the storage warehouse of granary by setting height, pumping paddy device for being delivered to the paddy in the storage warehouse in the granary is set simultaneously, it can be added into storage warehouse when needing to add paddy, the height of granary position is reduced indirectly, improve the convenience of addition paddy, and paddy need not be deposited in granary, and granary is avoided to cause blockages, and improve the fluency of paddy circulation.

Description

A kind of rice mill
Technical field
The present invention relates to rice mill technical field, especially a kind of rice mill.
Background technique
Rice mill is the equipment that paddy decladding is obtained fresh rice, with the raising that people's life requires, for rice mill essence The requirement of degree is also higher and higher.However present rice mill is typically all that directly paddy is transported in rice sector to go Shell is easy to appear the halfway phenomenon of part paddy decladding, is unfavorable for improving the precision of husk rice.In addition, common rice mill Using the mode to fall naturally when granary conveys paddy to devices for husking rice, therefore the location of granary can generally compare Height is not easy to add paddy toward granary.
Summary of the invention
One of in order to solve the above problem, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of rice mill, can to paddy into The preliminary decladding of row, improves Milling degree.
Technical solution used by the present invention solves the problems, such as it is:
The invention proposes a kind of rice mills, comprising:
Granary, for storing paddy;
Transmission device, for carrying out preliminary decladding to the paddy in the granary, the transmission device includes fixed frame, uses In the roller group, first baffle and the driving mechanism for driving roller group to rotate that are squeezed paddy, the roller group set It is placed on the fixed frame, the first baffle and the fixed frame form the cavity for gantry shape of roller group to be arranged, institute Stating cavity, there is the first paddy feeding port for inputting paddy to go out the mouth of a valley with the first of output paddy;The driving mechanism is set to institute It states on fixed frame;
Shiver device, for removing the cavings in the paddy after the preliminary decladding of the transmission device, the shiver device Sieve including first shell, for separating paddy and cavings, the suction opening for connecting exhaust fan and for driving the sieve The transmission mechanism of net horizontal reciprocating movement, first shell is provided with the second paddy feeding port and second goes out the mouth of a valley, and the sieve setting exists Go out between the mouth of a valley in the first shell and positioned at second paddy feeding port and second, the suction opening is set to the first shell On body and corresponding with the position of the sieve, the transmission mechanism is connect with the sieve;
Husking apparatus for rice, for carrying out decladding to paddy, the husking apparatus for rice connects the shiver device;
Storage warehouse, for adding paddy, the height of the storage warehouse position is lower than the height of the granary position Degree;
Paddy device is taken out, for the paddy in the storage warehouse to be delivered in the granary.
Above-mentioned rice sector at least has the advantages that by the way that transmission device is arranged, and utilizes the idler wheel of transmission device Group, when paddy is inputted from the first paddy feeding port, after the squeezing action output by roller group, husk and the grain of rice can become between each other It is loose, then when carrying out subsequent husk rice step, the precision of husk rice can be effectively improved, reduce the residual of husk in fresh rice. In addition, using the sieve and exhaust fan of shiver device, being removed from the paddy that transmission device exports by setting shiver device Impurity, to improve husk rice quality.It is lower than the storage warehouse of granary by setting height, while is arranged for will be in the storage warehouse Paddy be delivered to the pumping paddy device in the granary, can add into storage warehouse when needing to add paddy, reduce indirectly The height of granary position improves the convenience of addition paddy, and paddy need not be deposited in granary, avoid granary It causes blockages, improves the fluency of paddy circulation.
Further, cut-off equipment, the cut-off equipment connect the husking apparatus for rice, can be so as to by the way that cut-off equipment is arranged In the fresh rice output quantity of control husking apparatus for rice.
Further, the roller group includes the first idler wheel, the second idler wheel and third idler wheel, and first idler wheel and third are rolled Wheel is located along the same line, and second idler wheel is set to the side of first idler wheel and third idler wheel and simultaneously with described the One idler wheel and third idler wheel abut against, and are provided between first idler wheel and third idler wheel for controlling paddy transmission direction Block.By the first idler wheel of setting, the second idler wheel and third idler wheel, the paddy inputted from paddy feeding port, by the first idler wheel and the The extruding twice of second wheel, the second idler wheel and third idler wheel, it is ensured that the effect of preliminary decladding.
It further, further include the first screw rod and the first fixing piece for adjusting second scroll wheel positions, described in connection The shaft of second idler wheel passes through first fixing piece, and first screw rod is connect with first fixing piece, first spiral shell Bar is rotatably connected on the fixed frame.By being arranged the first screw rod, the position of adjustable second idler wheel adjusts the first idler wheel and the The distance between second wheel, the second idler wheel and third idler wheel adapt to different size of paddy, guarantee squeezing effect.
Further, the driving mechanism includes driving wheel, driven wheel and the first electricity for driving the driving wheel rotation Machine, the driving wheel and driven wheel are sequentially connected by the first belt, and the driving wheel and driven wheel pass through shaft and rolling respectively The idler wheel of wheel group is correspondingly connected with.
It further, further include for adjusting the locating wheel of first belt tightness degree, for adjusting the locating wheel position The second screw rod and the second fixing piece set, the locating wheel are arranged on the fixed frame, the locating wheel and first skin V belt translation connection, the shaft for connecting the locating wheel pass through second fixing piece, and second screw rod and described second are fixed Part connection, second screw rod is rotatably connected on the fixed frame, by being arranged locating wheel, adjustable first belt it is elastic Degree improves the fluency of roller group rotation.
Further, the transmission mechanism includes for carrying the first guide rail of the sieve, link block, being used for and the company Connect cam bit, spring and use for resetting the sieve that block cooperation drives the sieve to slide on first guide rail In the second motor for driving the cam bit rotation, the sieve is slideably positioned on first guide rail by sliding block, is connected Block is set to one end of first guide rail and is connected with the slide block, and the spring is set to one end of the sieve.Using Cam bit mating connection block driving sieve moves back and forth in the horizontal direction, has the advantages that simple and compact for structure.
Further, the quantity of first guide rail is two, and the sieve two sides are provided with solid mounting plate, the sieve The excessively described mounting plate of Netcom is fixed on the slide block, and the mesh of the sieve passes through between described two first guide rails Two the first guide rails are set, and the movement for advantageously allowing sieve is more steady.
Further, the pumping paddy device includes:
Second shell, is provided with third paddy feeding port and third goes out the mouth of a valley, and the third paddy feeding port and third go out the mouth of a valley point Not Wei Yu two opposite sides of the second shell, the height of the third paddy feeding port goes out the height at the mouth of a valley lower than the third Degree, the third paddy feeding port connect the storage warehouse;
Chou Sheng mechanism goes out the mouth of a valley for paddy to be risen to the third from third paddy feeding port pumping, is set to described In second shell;The Chou Sheng mechanism include can from top to bottom the gear unit of cycle rotation, several be uniformly arranged on institute State the load paddy platform on gear unit and the 4th motor for driving the gear unit;
Conveying mechanism goes out the paddy that the mouth of a valley exports for receiving and transporting from third, is arranged and goes out the mouth of a valley in the third Go up and be located at the outside of the second shell;The conveying mechanism includes going out the rice that the mouth of a valley exports for receiving and transporting from third The second belt of paddy, the 5th motor for driving second belt movement and the third baffle for preventing paddy from overflowing, The third baffle is set to the two sides of second belt, and the conveying mechanism connects the granary.
Further, the gear unit includes third belt, the 4th idler wheel and the 5th idler wheel, and the third belt passes through institute The 4th idler wheel and the 5th idler wheel cycle rotation are stated, the load paddy platform is uniformly arranged on the third belt.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described with example with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the side schematic view of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the overall schematic for concealing storage warehouse in one embodiment of the invention and taking out paddy device;
Fig. 4 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of transmission device in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 5 is the front schematic view of transmission device in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the rear side schematic diagram of transmission device in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the decomposition diagram of transmission device in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 8 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of shiver device in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 9 is the schematic cross-sectional view of shiver device in one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 10 is the decomposition diagram of shiver device in one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 11 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of cut-off equipment in one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 12 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram that paddy device is taken out in one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 13 is the side schematic view that paddy device is taken out in one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 14 is the internal view that paddy device is taken out in one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 15 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram that the conveying mechanism of paddy device is taken out in one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 16 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram that another angle of paddy device is taken out in one embodiment of the invention.
Specific embodiment
This part will be described in specific embodiments of the present invention, and the preferred embodiments of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawings, attached The effect of figure be with figure remark additionally book word segment description, enable a person to intuitively, visually understand of the invention Each technical characteristic and overall technical architecture, but it should not be understood as limiting the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, be related to orientation description, for example, above and below, front, rear, left and right etc. The orientation or positional relationship of instruction is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and is merely for convenience of the description present invention and letter Change description, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, with specific orientation construct and Operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
In the description of the present invention, several to be meant that one or more, it is multiple to be meant that two or more, be greater than, Be less than, more than etc. be interpreted as not including this number, it is above, following, within etc. be interpreted as including this number.If there is being described to first, Second is only intended to for the purpose of distinguishing technical characteristic, is not understood to indicate or imply relative importance or implicitly indicates institute The quantity of the technical characteristic of instruction or the precedence relationship for implicitly indicating indicated technical characteristic.
In description of the invention, unless otherwise restricted clearly, the words such as setting, installation, connection be shall be understood in a broad sense, institute Above-mentioned word in the present invention specific can rationally be determined with the particular content of combination technology scheme by belonging to technical field technical staff Meaning.
With reference to the accompanying drawing, the embodiment of the present invention is further elaborated.
- Fig. 5, Fig. 8 referring to Fig.1, An embodiment provides a kind of rice mills, including for storing paddy Granary 100, is used to remove through the transmission transmission device 200 for carrying out the paddy in the granary 100 preliminary decladding The shiver device 300 of the cavings in paddy after the preliminary decladding of device 200, for paddy carry out decladding husking apparatus for rice 400, Pumping paddy dress for adding the storage warehouse 600 of paddy and for being delivered to the paddy in the storage warehouse 600 in the granary 700 are set, the transmission device 200 includes fixed frame 2100, the roller group 2200 for being squeezed paddy, first baffle 2300 and the driving mechanism for driving roller group 2200 to rotate, the roller group 2200 is set on the fixed frame 2100, The first baffle 2300 forms the cavity for gantry shape of roller group 2200 to be arranged, the cavity with the fixed frame 2100 First with the first paddy feeding port 2310 and output paddy for inputting paddy goes out the mouth of a valley 2320;The driving mechanism is set to On the fixed frame 2100;The shiver device 300 includes first shell 3100, the sieve for separating paddy and cavings 3200, the driver for connecting the suction opening 3300 of exhaust fan 800 and for driving 3200 horizontal reciprocating movement of sieve Structure (connecting pipe of attached drawing omission exhaust fan 800 and suction opening 300), first shell 3100 is provided with 3110 He of the second paddy feeding port Second goes out the mouth of a valley 3120, and the sieve 3200 is arranged in the first shell 3100 and is located at 3110 He of the second paddy feeding port Second goes out between the mouth of a valley 3120, and the suction opening 3300 is set to the position in the first shell 3100 and with the sieve 3200 Set corresponding, the transmission mechanism is connect with the sieve 3200;The husking apparatus for rice 400 connects the shiver device 300, institute The height for stating 600 position of storage warehouse is lower than the height of the granary position.
As one of preferred embodiment, roller group 2200 includes the first idler wheel 2210, the second idler wheel 2220 and third rolling Wheel 2230, the first idler wheel 2210 and third idler wheel 2230 are located along the same line, and the second idler wheel 2220 is set to the first idler wheel 2210 and third idler wheel 2230 side and simultaneously abutted against with the first idler wheel 2210 and third idler wheel 2230, the first idler wheel 2210 The block 2240 for controlling paddy transmission direction is provided between third idler wheel 2230.By setting the first idler wheel 2210, Second idler wheel 2220 and third idler wheel 2230, the paddy inputted from paddy feeding port, by the first idler wheel 2210 and the second idler wheel 2220, The extruding twice of second idler wheel 2220 and third idler wheel 2230, it is ensured that the effect of preliminary decladding, and by the first idler wheel Block 2240 is set between 2210 and third idler wheel 2230, can prevent paddy from the first idler wheel 2210 and third idler wheel 2230 it Between flow out.It is emphasized that the number of rollers in roller group 2200 can be two, setting block 2240 is not needed in this way, And only paddy is once squeezed, but is reduction of the effect of preliminary decladding.
Referring to Fig. 7, to adapt to different size of paddy, the present embodiment is additionally provided with for adjusting 2220 position of the second idler wheel The first screw rod 2221 and the first fixing piece 2222, connection the second idler wheel 2220 shaft pass through the first fixing piece 2222, first Screw rod 2221 is connect with the first fixing piece 2222, and the first screw rod 2221 is rotatably connected on fixed frame 2100.To guarantee squeezing effect, need Different size of paddy is adjusted the first idler wheel 2210 and the second idler wheel 2220, the second idler wheel 2220 and third idler wheel 2230 it Between distance, pass through the first screw rod 2221 of rotation, drive the first fixing piece 2222 mobile, due to turning for the second idler wheel 2220 of connection Axis passes through the first fixing piece 2222, therefore the second idler wheel 2220 can move, and achievees the effect that position adjusts.And due to connection The shaft of second idler wheel 2220 passes through the first fixing piece 2222, will not influence the rotation of the second idler wheel 2220.Certainly, fixed frame Need to be correspondingly arranged the cavity or groove body mobile for the second idler wheel 2220, the first fixing piece 2222 on 2100, due to this field Technical staff can sets itself according to actual needs, not reinflated description herein.
Referring to Fig. 6, as one of preferred embodiment, driving mechanism includes driving wheel 2410, driven wheel 2420 and is used for The first motor (attached drawing is not shown) for driving driving wheel 2410 to rotate, driving wheel 2410 and driven wheel 2420 pass through the first belt 2430 transmission connections, driving wheel 2410 and driven wheel 2420 are correspondingly connected with by the idler wheel of shaft and roller group 2200 respectively.? In the present embodiment, driving wheel 2410 connects third idler wheel 2230 by shaft, and driven wheel 2420 passes through shaft connection first respectively Idler wheel 2210 and the second idler wheel 2220 can also connect the first idler wheel 2210, driven wheel using driving wheel 2410 in addition to this The scheme of 2420 the second idler wheels 2220 and third idler wheel 2230 of connection.Alternatively, not by the way of the transmission of the first belt 2430, Transmission can be realized by the way of gear engagement.
Referring to Fig. 7, further, to improve the fluency that roller group 2200 rotates, the present embodiment is additionally provided with for adjusting Locating wheel 2440, the second screw rod 2441 and second for adjusting 2440 position of locating wheel for saving 2430 elasticity of the first belt are solid Determine part 2442, locating wheel 2440 is arranged on fixed frame 2100, and locating wheel 2440 and the first belt 2430 are sequentially connected, and connection is fixed The shaft of position wheel 2440 passes through the second fixing piece 2442, and the second screw rod 2441 is connect with the second fixing piece 2442, the second screw rod 2441 are rotatably connected on fixed frame 2100.As the position Principles of Regulation of the second idler wheel 2220, by rotating the second screw rod 2441, Drive the second fixing piece 2442 mobile, since the shaft of connection locating wheel 2440 passes through the second fixing piece 2442, locating wheel 2440 can move, and achieve the effect that position adjusts.And since the shaft of connection locating wheel 2440 passes through the second fixing piece 2442, the rotation of locating wheel 2440 will not be influenced.Certainly, it needs to be correspondingly arranged on fixed frame 2100 for locating wheel 2440, Two fixing pieces 2442 mobile cavity or groove body, due to those skilled in the art can sets itself according to actual needs, This not reinflated description.
Preferably, in order to enable paddy smooth delivery of power into roller group 2200, it is arranged on the first paddy feeding port 2310 There is the first guide plate 2311.And acrylic block 2330 is provided on first baffle 2300, can observe in roller group 2200 whether The residual condition of paddy is occurred, convenient for being cleared up in time, avoids the occurrence of card Gu Xianxiang.
The first shell 3100 funnel-form with a narrow upper and lower width, can while guaranteeing paddy handling capacity, convenient for pair Output from the mouth of a valley out.The guide plate for assembling cavings to suction opening 3300 is provided in the first shell 3100, just It is extracted in cavings from suction opening 3300, reduces residual.Suction opening 3300 is corresponding with the position of sieve 3200, refers to paddy Under when falling on sieve 3200, cavings can be extracted out by exhaust fan 800 from suction opening 3300, for example, suction opening 3300 is rounded, Sieve 3200 is located at below the center of circle of suction opening 3300.
As one of preferred embodiment, referring to Fig. 9-Figure 10, the transmission mechanism includes for carrying the sieve 3200 the first guide rail 3410, link block 3420, for driving the sieve 3200 described with the link block 3420 cooperation It the cam bit 3430 that slides on first guide rail 3410, the spring 3450 for resetting the sieve 3200 and is used to drive described The second motor 3440 that cam bit 3430 rotates, the sieve 3200 are slideably positioned in described first by the first sliding block 3411 and lead On rail 3410, link block 3420 is set to one end of first guide rail 3410 and connect with first sliding block 3411, described Spring 3450 is set to one end of the sieve 3200.Using 3430 mating connection block 3420 of cam bit driving sieve 3200 in water Square upwards move back and forth, have the advantages that simple and compact for structure.Concrete operating principle is that the protrusion of cam bit 3430 turns It moves to when being abutted with link block 3420, link block 3420 pushes the first sliding block 3411 sliding on the first guide rail 3410, drives sieve Net 3200 moves;The protrusion of cam bit 3430 turns to when not abutting with link block 3420, and sieve 3200 is in spring 3450 Under the action of reset, under the driving of the second motor 3440, cam bit 3430 and link block 3420 persistently cooperate, to realize sieve Reciprocating motion in 3200 horizontal direction of net.
It should be added that can also directly be adopted other than being cooperated using cam bit 3430 and link block 3420 Sieve 3200 is directly driven with driving parts such as cylinder or hydraulic cylinders to move in the horizontal direction, and the first guide rail 3410 can also To be replaced using screw rod linear motion mechanism.
Preferably, the quantity of first guide rail 3410 is two, and 3200 two sides of sieve are provided with solid installation Plate 3210, the sieve 3200 are fixed on first sliding block 3411 by the mounting plate 3210, the sieve 3200 Mesh, by the way that two the first guide rails 3410 are arranged, advantageously allows sieve 3200 between described two first guide rails 3410 Movement it is more steady.
Preferably, the suction opening 3300 is protruded outward in the first shell 3100, convenient for the peace of external exhaust fan 800 Dress.
The structure of husking apparatus for rice 400 is the prior art, for example, by using motor-driven drum-type structure, or uses roll body The structure of extruding, herein not reinflated explanation.
Referring to Fig.1 1, cut-off equipment 500 connects the fresh rice outlet of husking apparatus for rice 400.Specifically, cut-off equipment 500 is arranged There is rice output outlet 5100, second baffle 5200 is provided on rice output outlet 5100, second baffle 5200 is slided by the second sliding block 5310 It is set on the second guide rail 5300, while being additionally provided with for driving the sliding of second baffle 5200 to turn on or off out rice The third motor 5400 of mouth 5100.Specifically, second baffle 5200 is connected with connecting plate 5210, connecting plate 5210 and second baffle 5200 are mutually perpendicular to, and connecting plate is connect with the first sliding block 3411, and rack gear 5500, third motor 5400 are provided on connecting plate 5210 It engages to be drivingly connected the movement of plate 5210 by wheel and rack 5500, and then second baffle 5200 is driven to turn on or off Rice output outlet 5100 reaches the effect of shutting off of fresh rice, convenient for controlling the fresh rice output quantity of husking apparatus for rice 400.
2- Figure 15 referring to Fig.1, specifically, take out paddy device 700 include second shell 7100, for by paddy from the third The pumping of paddy feeding port 7110 rises to the third and goes out the Chou Sheng mechanism at the mouth of a valley 7120 and go out the mouth of a valley 7120 for receiving and transporting from third The conveying mechanism 7300 of the paddy of output, it is preferable that the second shell 7100 is in the form of a column, and is rationally utilized space, is conducive to save Save volume;It is provided with third paddy feeding port 7110 in second shell 7100 and third goes out the mouth of a valley 7120, the third paddy feeding port 7110 Go out the mouth of a valley 7120 with third and is located at 7,100 two opposite sides of the second shell, the height of the third paddy feeding port 7110 Degree goes out the height at the mouth of a valley 7120 lower than the third, and the third paddy feeding port 7110 connects the storage warehouse 600;Chou Sheng mechanism is set Be placed in the second shell 7100, the Chou Sheng mechanism include can from top to bottom the gear unit of cycle rotation, several It is uniformly arranged on the load paddy platform 7221 on the gear unit and the 4th motor 7240 for driving the gear unit, is conveyed The outside that the third goes out on the mouth of a valley 7120 and to be located at the second shell 7100 is arranged in mechanism 7300;4th motor 7240 are set to the outside of the second shell 7100, avoid having paddy to be involved in and break down when work;The conveying mechanism 7300 include going out the second belt 7310 of the paddy that the mouth of a valley 7120 exports, for driving described for receiving and transporting from third The 5th motor 7320 that two belts 7310 move and the third baffle 7330 for preventing paddy from overflowing, the third baffle 7330 The two sides of second belt 7310 are set to, the conveying mechanism 7300 connects the granary 100, the third baffle 7330 Upper setting jagged 7340, the position of the notch 7340 is corresponding with the position that the third goes out the mouth of a valley 7120.Pass through setting Notch 7340 can receive paddy in order to conveying mechanism 7300.By setting can cycle rotation from top to bottom gear unit, Cooperation carries paddy platform 7221 and promotes paddy to eminence from lower, then is transported by conveying mechanism 7300, and gear unit It is controlled by the 4th motor 7240, the second belt 7310 is controlled by the 5th motor 7320, therefore can be by controlling the 4th motor 7240 and the 5th motor 7320 revolving speed, achieve the purpose that control paddy conveying speed, and can be improved paddy conveying stream Smooth degree and stability, improve husk rice quality.
Certainly, height can also be pumped to from lower for paddy using auger mechanism in the prior art realization by taking out paddy device 700 Place.
As one of them preferred scheme, the gear unit includes third belt 7220, the 4th idler wheel 7210 and Five idler wheels 7230, the third belt 7220 pass through the 4th idler wheel 7210 and 7230 cycle rotation of the 5th idler wheel, the load Paddy platform 7221 is uniformly arranged on the third belt 7220.Using the 4th idler wheel 7210 and 7230 cycle rotation of the 5th idler wheel Mode is conducive to improve the stability that paddy is promoted.Since the 4th idler wheel 7210 and the 5th idler wheel 7230 are sequentially connected, the Four motors 7240 can drive the 4th idler wheel 7210, can also drive the 5th idler wheel 7230.In other embodiments, third belt 7220 can be replaced with chain, by the way of chain drive, will carry paddy platform 7221 and are arranged on chain.
Preferably, the third goes out on the mouth of a valley 7120 the third guide plate being provided with for controlling paddy outbound course 7121.By the way that third guide plate 7121 is arranged, paddy can be made accurately to fall into conveying mechanism 7300, avoid paddy in output There is spillover.
Referring to Fig.1 6, since conveying mechanism 7300 can generate vibration at work, use is additionally provided in the present embodiment In the support plate 7400 for supporting the conveying mechanism 7300, the support plate 7400 is arranged in the second shell 7100, and It is mutually fixed with the bottom of the conveying mechanism 7300.By the way that support plate 7400 is arranged, support can be played to conveying mechanism 7300 Effect improves the stability of conveying mechanism 7300.
The present invention is by setting transmission device 200, using the roller group 2200 of transmission device 200, when paddy from first into When the mouth of a valley 2310 inputs, after the squeezing action output by roller group 2200, husk and the grain of rice can become loose between each other, then When carrying out subsequent husk rice step, the precision of husk rice can be effectively improved, reduces the residual of husk in fresh rice.In addition, passing through Shiver device 300 is set, is exported using the sieve 3200 and exhaust fan 800 of shiver device 300, removal from transmission device 200 Impurity in paddy, to improve husk rice quality.It is lower than the storage warehouse 600 of granary 100 by setting height, while setting is used for Paddy in the storage warehouse 600 is delivered to the pumping paddy device 700 in the granary, it can be toward storage when needing to add paddy It is added in storehouse 600, reduces the height of 100 position of granary indirectly, improve the convenience of addition paddy, and paddy It need not be deposited in granary 100, granary 100 is avoided to cause blockages, improve the fluency of paddy circulation.
It is to be illustrated to preferable implementation of the invention, but the invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment party above Formula, those skilled in the art can also make various equivalent variations on the premise of without prejudice to spirit of the invention or replace It changes, these equivalent deformations or replacement are all included in the scope defined by the claims of the present application.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of rice mill characterized by comprising
Granary, for storing paddy;
Transmission device, for carrying out preliminary decladding to the paddy in the granary, the transmission device include fixed frame, for pair Roller group, first baffle and the driving mechanism for driving roller group to rotate, the roller group that paddy is squeezed are set to On the fixed frame, the first baffle and the fixed frame form the cavity for gantry shape of roller group to be arranged, the sky Chamber has first of the first paddy feeding port and output paddy for inputting paddy to go out the mouth of a valley;The driving mechanism is set to described solid Determine on frame;
Shiver device, for removing the cavings in the paddy after the preliminary decladding of the transmission device, the shiver device includes First shell, the sieve for separating paddy and cavings, the suction opening for connecting exhaust fan and for driving the sieve water The flat transmission mechanism moved back and forth, first shell is provided with the second paddy feeding port and second goes out the mouth of a valley, and the sieve is arranged described Go out between the mouth of a valley in first shell and positioned at second paddy feeding port and second, the suction opening is set in the first shell And it is corresponding with the position of the sieve, the transmission mechanism is connect with the sieve;
Husking apparatus for rice, for carrying out decladding to paddy, the husking apparatus for rice connects the shiver device;
Storage warehouse, for adding paddy, the height of the storage warehouse position is lower than the height of the granary position;
Paddy device is taken out, for the paddy in the storage warehouse to be delivered in the granary.
2. a kind of rice mill according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include: cut-off equipment, the cut-off equipment connect Connect the husking apparatus for rice.
3. a kind of rice mill according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the roller group includes the first idler wheel, the second rolling Wheel and third idler wheel, first idler wheel and third idler wheel are located along the same line, and second idler wheel is set to described first The side of idler wheel and third idler wheel is simultaneously abutted against with first idler wheel and third idler wheel simultaneously, first idler wheel and third rolling The block for controlling paddy transmission direction is provided between wheel.
4. a kind of rice mill according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: further include for adjusting second scroll wheel positions The first screw rod and the first fixing piece, the shaft for connecting second idler wheel passes through first fixing piece, first screw rod It is connect with first fixing piece, first screw rod is rotatably connected on the fixed frame.
5. a kind of rice mill according to claim 1 to 4, it is characterised in that: the driving mechanism include driving wheel, Driven wheel and first motor for driving driving wheel rotation, the driving wheel and driven wheel are connected by the transmission of the first belt It connects, the driving wheel and driven wheel passes through shaft respectively and the idler wheel of roller group is correspondingly connected with.
6. a kind of rice mill according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: further include for adjusting first belt tension The locating wheel of degree, the second screw rod and the second fixing piece for adjusting the locating wheel position, the locating wheel are arranged described On fixed frame, the locating wheel and first belt are sequentially connected, and the shaft for connecting the locating wheel passes through described second and consolidates Determine part, second screw rod is connect with second fixing piece, and second screw rod is rotatably connected on the fixed frame.
7. a kind of rice mill according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the transmission mechanism includes for carrying the sieve It is first guide rail of net, link block, convex for driving the sieve to slide on first guide rail with link block cooperation Wheel block, the spring for resetting the sieve and the second motor for being used to drive the cam bit rotation, the sieve pass through First sliding block is slideably positioned on first guide rail, and link block is set to one end of first guide rail and slides with described first Block connection, the spring are set to one end of the sieve.
8. a kind of rice mill according to claim 7, it is characterised in that: the quantity of first guide rail is two, described Sieve two sides are provided with solid mounting plate, and the sieve is fixed on first sliding block by the mounting plate, the sieve The mesh of net is between described two first guide rails.
9. a kind of rice mill according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the pumping paddy device includes:
Second shell, is provided with third paddy feeding port and third goes out the mouth of a valley, and the third paddy feeding port and third go out mouth of a valley difference position In two opposite sides of the second shell, the height of the third paddy feeding port goes out the height at the mouth of a valley, institute lower than the third It states third paddy feeding port and connects the storage warehouse;
Chou Sheng mechanism goes out the mouth of a valley for paddy to be risen to the third from third paddy feeding port pumping, is set to described second In shell;The Chou Sheng mechanism include can from top to bottom the gear unit of cycle rotation, several be uniformly arranged on the biography Load paddy platform on moving cell and the 4th motor for driving the gear unit;
Conveying mechanism goes out the paddy that the mouth of a valley exports for receiving and transporting from third, and setting goes out on the mouth of a valley simultaneously in the third Positioned at the outside of the second shell;The conveying mechanism includes going out the paddy that the mouth of a valley exports for receiving and transporting from third Second belt, the 5th motor for driving second belt movement and the third baffle for preventing paddy from overflowing, it is described Third baffle is set to the two sides of second belt, and the conveying mechanism connects the granary.
10. a kind of rice mill according to claim 9, it is characterised in that: the gear unit includes third belt, the 4th Idler wheel and the 5th idler wheel, for the third belt by the 4th idler wheel and the 5th idler wheel cycle rotation, the load paddy platform is uniform It is set on the third belt.
CN201910370511.5A 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 A kind of rice mill Pending CN110116030A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910370511.5A CN110116030A (en) 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 A kind of rice mill

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910370511.5A CN110116030A (en) 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 A kind of rice mill

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN110116030A true CN110116030A (en) 2019-08-13

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201910370511.5A Pending CN110116030A (en) 2019-05-06 2019-05-06 A kind of rice mill

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN110116030A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110882734A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-03-17 东南大学 Small self-service fresh rice machine for multiple rice varieties

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110882734A (en) * 2019-11-13 2020-03-17 东南大学 Small self-service fresh rice machine for multiple rice varieties
CN110882734B (en) * 2019-11-13 2021-03-09 东南大学 Small self-service fresh rice machine for multiple rice varieties

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