CN110092631A - A kind of ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110092631A
CN110092631A CN201910421766.XA CN201910421766A CN110092631A CN 110092631 A CN110092631 A CN 110092631A CN 201910421766 A CN201910421766 A CN 201910421766A CN 110092631 A CN110092631 A CN 110092631A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
ardealite
lathe work
wallboard
assembled wallboard
ecp
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910421766.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
俞海军
林青
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Sichuan China Phosphorous Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Sichuan China Phosphorous Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Sichuan China Phosphorous Science & Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Sichuan China Phosphorous Science & Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201910421766.XA priority Critical patent/CN110092631A/en
Publication of CN110092631A publication Critical patent/CN110092631A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/14Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing calcium sulfate cements
    • C04B28/142Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing calcium sulfate cements containing synthetic or waste calcium sulfate cements
    • C04B28/143Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing calcium sulfate cements containing synthetic or waste calcium sulfate cements the synthetic calcium sulfate being phosphogypsum
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

The invention belongs to building field, specially a kind of ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard and preparation method thereof.The wallboard is made of ardealite 0-70%, cement 0-70%, sand 0-45%, flyash 0-40%, haydite 0-25%, anti-crack fiber 0-3%, adhesive 0.3-5%, color sand 10-30% and water-reducing agent 0-5%, and the sum of each material quality percentage composition is 100%.Provided by the invention to produce lathe work ECP assembled wallboard with ardealite, intensity is high, heat preserving heat insulating noise insulation performance is good, good weatherability, easy to use, at low cost;Preparation method process is simple, and the raw material sources of use are abundant, cheap, and quality is influenced small by external factor, is suitable for industrialization quantization production.

Description

A kind of ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard and preparation method thereof
Technical field
It is specially a kind of to produce lathe work ECP assembled wallboard and its preparation side with ardealite the invention belongs to building field Method.
Background technique
Ardealite is the by-product of Wet-process phosphoric acid (WPPA), and annual discharge amount reaches several hundred million tons, since it is a kind of solid waste, Ardealite volume of cargo in storage is huge at present.Although now many units all attempt to apply to ardealite chemical industry and in terms of, But still without obtaining biggish improvement.
The key of architectural industrialization is building enclosure, and it is basic component that wallboard, which is various building enclosures, in construction energy Ratio maximum is occupied in consumption.With the development of science and technology, people are to construction material, more stringent requirements are proposed.Light-weight wall material is current It is played both at home and abroad in a kind of that most fast novel building walling, has heat preservation and soundproof, anti-seismic performance good, it is easy for construction etc. excellent Gesture, and ECP extrusion type cement wall plate is exactly one of this type.ECP wallboard be using industrial waste gas object, tailing, cement and The materials such as stalk are by being mixed, the novel light plate of vacuum high-pressure and special die extrusion molding.
But existing wall decorating plate mainly has: shimizu finish ECP assembled wallboard decorates paint coating afterwards, these Material surface color not only needs outer coating, rear coating, and the effect of clear-water concrete facing is not achieved, and rear coating can also make At construction site environmental pollution, the effect of the prepackage type of assembled architecture is not achieved.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is against the above technical problems, providing a kind of ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard, And provide the preparation method of the wallboard.Lathe work ECP assembled wallboard apparently has lathe work, fashionable, and wallboard strength is high, Heat preserving heat insulating noise insulation performance is good, good weatherability.
In order to realize the above goal of the invention, the specific technical proposal of the invention is:
A kind of to produce lathe work ECP assembled wallboard with ardealite, the wallboard is by ardealite 0-70%, cement 0-70%, sand 0-45%, flyash 0-40%, haydite 0-25%, anti-crack fiber 0-3%, adhesive 0.3-5%, color sand 10-30% and diminishing Agent 0-5% is made, and the sum of each material quality percentage composition is 100%.
Preferably, a kind of produce lathe work ECP assembled wallboard with ardealite, the wallboard is by ardealite 12%, cement 35%, sand 10%, flyash 10%, haydite 5%, anti-crack fiber 1%, adhesive 1%, color sand 25% and water-reducing agent 1% are made, The sum of each material quality percentage composition is 100%.
The adhesive is the mixed of one or more of cellulose ether, polyacrylamide, starch ether and maltodextrin Close object.
The color sand is quartz sand, colored acrylic particle, color polyvinyl chloride particle or stained glass particulates.
The water-reducing agent is appointing in polycarboxylate water-reducer, naphthalene water reducer, aliphatic water reducing agent and amino water-reducing agent The mixture for one or more of anticipating.
The anti-crack fiber is polypropylene fibre, steel fibre, imitative steel fibre, plant fiber, basalt fibre, synthesis fibre Any one or a few mixture in peacekeeping alkali-resistant glass fibre.
Preferably, the raw material of the wallboard further includes foaming agent, additive amount is the 0.1% of aforementioned raw material total raw material.Institute It is any in vegetable protein foaming agent, 206 foaming agent of rosin, azodiisobutyronitrile and neopelex for stating foaming agent One or more of mixtures.
The above produces the preparation method of lathe work ECP assembled wallboard with ardealite, comprising the following steps:
1) each raw material is weighed in proportion, each raw material is then subjected to dry mixing 5-10min, is added water and is carried out wet stirring, stirring It is uniform to obtain dry concrete;The time of wet stirring is 150-240 seconds.
2) concrete obtained in step 1) is squeezed out through mud refining, negative-pressure vacuum, embossing, polishing, by atmospheric steam Maintenance, conserves through high temperature and pressure again after demoulding, polishes, mill and obtain ECP assembled wallboard after side, polishing.
Preferably, atmospheric steam curing temperature described in step (2) is 60-90 DEG C, time 3.5-6.0h.
Preferably, high-pressure steaming and cultivating temperature described in step (2) is controlled at 150-180 DEG C, pressure 0.85-1.1Mpa, Time is 2-8h.
The positive effect of the present invention is embodied in:
(1), the wallboard strength is high, heat preserving heat insulating noise insulation performance is good, fire resistance is good.
(2), the raw material sources that the wallboard preparation method is simple, uses are abundant, cheap, at low cost.
(3), the wallboard is easy to use, quality influenced by external factor it is small, be suitable for industrialization quantization production.
(4), the lathe work ECP assembled wallboard prepared apparently has lathe work, fashionable.
(5), the ECP assembled wallboard respective country that this kind of mode uses solid waste to prepare as filler material State-of-the-nation call reaches the achievement of energy-conserving profit waste, industrial residue phosphogypsum is used.
Specific embodiment
It is further to being done in the present invention With reference to embodiment in order to make the contents of the present invention easily facilitate understanding Elaboration.But the range that this should not be interpreted as to the above-mentioned theme of the present invention is only limitted to following embodiments.
Documented % in the present invention indicates its mass percentage, i.e. wt% unless otherwise specified.
Embodiment 1:
It is a kind of with ardealite produce lathe work ECP assembled wallboard, the wallboard by ardealite 35%, cement 35%, sand 10%, Flyash 9%, haydite 5%, anti-crack fiber 1%, adhesive 1%, color sand 3% and water-reducing agent 1% are made, each material quality percentage The sum of content is 100%.
The color sand is colorful quartz sands.
The water-reducing agent is polycarboxylic acids pulvis water-reducing agent;The anti-crack fiber is steel fibre;
The raw material of the wallboard further includes foaming agent, and the foaming agent is 206 foaming agent of rosin;Its additive amount aforementioned raw material is total The 0.1% of quality.
A kind of preparation method with ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard, comprising the following steps:
(1) each raw material, including foaming agent are weighed in proportion, then together by each raw material, 196 types solidification transparent resin and water It is added in forced stirrer and stirs evenly to obtain concrete, mixing time finishes as 150s from starting to be dosed into stirring.Wherein, often It is 0.1m that cubic meter composite soil preparation, which needs 196 types to solidify the dosage of transparent resin,3
(2) it is uniformly distributed into mold by the concrete material being stirred, through negative-pressure vacuum extrusion molding, is steamed by normal pressure Vapour maintenance, atmospheric steam curing temperature are 60 DEG C, time 3.5h.
It has torn open and has entered autoclave after mould and obtain light wall material after high temperature and pressure conserves.High-pressure steaming and cultivating temperature control System is at 150 DEG C, time 8h, pressure 1.0Mpa.
The wallboard being prepared apparently has lathe work, and lathe work is uniformly distributed.
Embodiment 2:
It is a kind of with ardealite produce lathe work ECP assembled wallboard, the wallboard by ardealite 12%, cement 35%, sand 10%, Flyash 10%, haydite 5%, anti-crack fiber 1%, adhesive 1%, color sand 25% and water-reducing agent 1% are made, each material quality hundred Dividing the sum of content is 100%.
The color sand is color polyvinyl chloride particle, partial size 3-5mm.
The water-reducing agent is aliphatic water reducing agent.
The anti-crack fiber is basalt fibre.
The raw material of the wallboard further includes foaming agent, and the foaming agent is azodiisobutyronitrile, and additive amount is aforementioned raw material The 0.1% of gross mass.
A kind of preparation method with ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard, comprising the following steps:
(1) each raw material, including foaming agent are weighed in proportion, then together by each raw material, 196 types solidification transparent resin and water It is added in forced stirrer and stirs evenly to obtain concrete, mixing time finishes as 150s from starting to be dosed into stirring.Wherein, often It is 0.1m that cubic meter composite soil preparation, which needs 196 types to solidify the dosage of transparent resin,3
(2) concrete that will be stirred, through mud refining, negative-pressure vacuum extrusion molding, by atmospheric steam curing, atmospheric steam Curing temperature is 80 DEG C, time 5h.
It has torn open and has entered autoclave after mould and obtain light wall material after high temperature and pressure conserves.High-pressure steaming and cultivating temperature control System is at 150 DEG C, time 4h, pressure 1.0Mpa.
Embodiment 3:
Using similarly to Example 1 formula and method prepare lathe work ECP assembled wallboard, only ardealite is removed, phosphorus The dosage of gypsum is all substituted with cement.
Test:
The lathe work ECP assembled wallboard being prepared in embodiment 1, embodiment 2 and embodiment 3 is tested for the property, Concrete outcome see the table below:
The performance test of 1 embodiment 1 of table lathe work ECP assembled wallboard into embodiment 3
As shown in Table 1, the replaceable part of cement of ardealite is added in ECP assembled wallboard as raw material, can effectively subtract The usage amount of few cement, and guarantee wallboard performance, further, after ECP is modified ardealite by way of exempting from calcining, As the main component of product, a large amount of consumption use ardealite, reduce local ardealite amount of storage.
The above embodiments are merely examples for clarifying the description, and does not limit the embodiments.For institute For the those of ordinary skill in category field, other various forms of variations or change can also be made on the basis of the above description It is dynamic.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.And obvious variation extended from this or change It moves still within the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of produce lathe work ECP assembled wallboard with ardealite, it is characterised in that the wallboard is by ardealite 0-70%, cement 0- 70%, sand 0-45%, flyash 0-40%, haydite 0-25%, anti-crack fiber 0-3%, adhesive 0.3-5%, color sand 10-30% and diminishing Agent 0-5% is made, and the sum of each material quality percentage composition is 100%.
2. a kind of ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the wallboard is by phosphorus Gypsum 12%, cement 35%, sand 10%, flyash 10%, haydite 5%, anti-crack fiber 1%, adhesive 1%, color sand 25% and water-reducing agent 1% It is made, the sum of each material quality percentage composition is 100%.
3. a kind of as described in claim 1 or claim 2 produces lathe work ECP assembled wallboard with ardealite, feature exists In: the color sand is quartz sand, colored acrylic particle, color polyvinyl chloride particle or stained glass particulates.
4. a kind of as described in claim 1 or claim 2 produces lathe work ECP assembled wallboard with ardealite, feature exists In: the water-reducing agent is any one in polycarboxylate water-reducer, naphthalene water reducer, aliphatic water reducing agent and amino water-reducing agent Or several mixture;The adhesive be cellulose ether, polyacrylamide, starch ether and maltodextrin any one or Several mixtures.
5. a kind of as described in claim 1 or claim 2 produces lathe work ECP assembled wallboard with ardealite, feature exists In: the anti-crack fiber be polypropylene fibre, steel fibre, imitative steel fibre, plant fiber, basalt fibre, synthetic fibers and Any one or a few mixture in alkali-resistant glass fibre.
6. a kind of as described in claim 1 or claim 2 produces lathe work ECP assembled wallboard with ardealite, feature exists In: the raw material of the wallboard further includes foaming agent, and the foaming agent is that vegetable protein foaming agent, 206 foaming agent of rosin, azo two are different Any one or a few mixture in butyronitrile and neopelex, additive amount are the 0.1% of total raw material quality.
7. as claimed in claim 6 with ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard preparation method, it is characterised in that including with Lower step:
1) each raw material is weighed in proportion, each raw material is then subjected to dry mixing 5-10min, is added water and is carried out wet stirring, stirs evenly Obtain dry concrete;
2) concrete obtained in step 1) is squeezed out through mud refining, negative-pressure vacuum, embossing, polishing, by atmospheric steam curing, It is conserved again through high temperature and pressure after demoulding, polishes, mills after side, polishing to obtain ECP assembled wallboard.
8. as claimed in claim 7 with the preparation method of ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard, it is characterised in that: step (1) time of wet stirring is 150-240 seconds in.
9. as claimed in claim 7 with the preparation method of ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard, it is characterised in that: step (2) atmospheric steam curing temperature described in is 60-90 DEG C, time 3.5-6.0h.
10. such as claim 7 preparation method of ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard, it is characterised in that: step (2) Described in high-pressure steaming and cultivating temperature control at 150-180 DEG C, pressure 0.85-1.1Mpa, time 2-8h.
CN201910421766.XA 2019-05-21 2019-05-21 A kind of ardealite production lathe work ECP assembled wallboard and preparation method thereof Pending CN110092631A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110395961A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-01 贵州好百年住宅工业有限公司 It is a kind of to use ECP plate made of gypsum and preparation method thereof

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS55144458A (en) * 1979-03-06 1980-11-11 Australian Gypsum Refractory grade gypsum board
CN101619608A (en) * 2008-07-04 2010-01-06 胡明生 Light heat-insulating cement wall panel
CN102505799A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 厦门大学 Light energy-saving and heat-insulating composite wallboard and preparation method thereof
CN104261735A (en) * 2014-09-10 2015-01-07 湖南亭桥节能科技发展有限公司 Hollow slat and preparation method thereof
CN106007613A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-10-12 东南大学 Gypsum-based composite material for self-insulation wall and preparation method of gypsum-based composite material
CN106320597A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-11 李宁 Fabricated light heat insulation wallboard for buildings and preparing technology

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS55144458A (en) * 1979-03-06 1980-11-11 Australian Gypsum Refractory grade gypsum board
CN101619608A (en) * 2008-07-04 2010-01-06 胡明生 Light heat-insulating cement wall panel
CN102505799A (en) * 2011-11-24 2012-06-20 厦门大学 Light energy-saving and heat-insulating composite wallboard and preparation method thereof
CN104261735A (en) * 2014-09-10 2015-01-07 湖南亭桥节能科技发展有限公司 Hollow slat and preparation method thereof
CN106007613A (en) * 2016-05-18 2016-10-12 东南大学 Gypsum-based composite material for self-insulation wall and preparation method of gypsum-based composite material
CN106320597A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-01-11 李宁 Fabricated light heat insulation wallboard for buildings and preparing technology

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110395961A (en) * 2019-08-12 2019-11-01 贵州好百年住宅工业有限公司 It is a kind of to use ECP plate made of gypsum and preparation method thereof

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