CN110077842A - A kind of Hawk claw type decrater - Google Patents

A kind of Hawk claw type decrater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110077842A
CN110077842A CN201910449425.3A CN201910449425A CN110077842A CN 110077842 A CN110077842 A CN 110077842A CN 201910449425 A CN201910449425 A CN 201910449425A CN 110077842 A CN110077842 A CN 110077842A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
longitudinal
connector
support
decrater
horizontal
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CN201910449425.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110077842B (en
Inventor
晁虎
纪涵
王云军
纪华伟
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杭州电子科技大学
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Priority to CN201910449425.3A priority Critical patent/CN110077842B/en
Publication of CN110077842A publication Critical patent/CN110077842A/en
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Publication of CN110077842B publication Critical patent/CN110077842B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/902Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems incorporating rotary and rectilinear movements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Hawk claw type decrater, including grabbing device, horizontal mobile device and longitudinal extension device, grabbing device includes crawl occlusion mechanism and crawl mobile mechanism, and crawl occlusion mechanism is installed in crawl mobile mechanism;Grabbing occlusion mechanism includes occluder, apical tooth and support column, and two support columns are respectively arranged on apical tooth two sides, and apical tooth is fixedly arranged on support column.The decrater need to only adjust horizontal mobile device and longitudinal extension device to suitable position in uninstall process, when apical tooth is explored to cargo location, head into cargo gap up and down, Hydraulic Elements are engaged to start to work cargo occlusion fixation, recycle horizontal mobile device and longitudinal extension device that cargo is transferred to other positions, occlusion mechanism is grabbed to unclamp, cargo is slid from apical tooth using self weight, realize steady unloading, effectively the cargo heavy to the compact quality of arrangement unloads, solve the problems, such as that fork truck etc. is had no way of doing it in uninstall process, improve unloading efficiency, reduce unloading cost of labor.

Description

A kind of Hawk claw type decrater

Technical field

The present invention relates to lifting equipment technology field, specifically a kind of Hawk claw type decraters.

Background technique

It is existing using fork truck etc. for some close cargos such as yarn packet of arrangement etc. in existing logistic industry The operating space that unloading manner needs is big, difficulty is high, it usually needs it is completed by manpower, so that labor intensity of operating staff is big, And due to cargo weight weight itself, manpower is easily caused danger in the handling process, so that the life of operator obtains safely not To guarantee.

In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, number of patent application CN201710622865.5, a kind of entitled overturning unloading The patent of invention of device by setting positioning occlusion mechanism, overturns mechanism, gantry mechanism, walking mechanism come close to arranging The smaller cargo of the gap between them such as cargo, such as packed sandstone, bagged grain, square box is moved, but it is moved Extremely inconvenient, it is inconvenient to unload to bottom cargo, so that market adoption is low, therefore, designs the new unloading mechanism of one kind to solve This problem is extremely urgent.

Summary of the invention

The present invention is to provide a kind of Hawk claw type decrater, the easing gear to overcome above-mentioned defect in the prior art Clever structure can be unloaded effectively to close cargo is arranged, liberate manpower, reduce the risk in uninstall process, simultaneously should Machine can be fixed on other running machines such as warehouse fork lift truck machine, realize electromechanical integration, keep its market adoption high, Be conducive to the decrater in the popularization and application in the field.

In order to achieve the above-mentioned object of the invention, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a kind of Hawk claw type decrater, including crawl Device, horizontal mobile device and longitudinal extension device, the grabbing device include crawl occlusion mechanism and crawl mobile mechanism, institute Crawl occlusion mechanism is stated to be installed in the crawl mobile mechanism;The crawl occlusion mechanism includes occluder, apical tooth and support Column, two support columns are respectively arranged on the apical tooth two sides, and the apical tooth is fixedly arranged on the support column.

As a preferred solution of the present invention, the occluder includes occluder top and occluder lower part, described to sting Clutch include tooth engaged, the first connector of upper end, the second connector of upper end, the first connector of lower end, the second connector of lower end, under End third connector, upper end center axis, lower end central axis, welding locating piece, abutment sleeve, antifriction sleeve, fixation have strong market potential, fix Middle pin, fixed short pin, fixation kit, inner support, outer support, connecting rod, Barrel of Hydraulic Cylinders, hydraulic cylinder piston rod and cylinder ends Lid, the antifriction sleeve are fixedly arranged in the inner support and outer support, the occluder top by tooth engaged, abutment sleeve, on Hold the suitable of the first connector, welding locating piece, abutment sleeve, the second connector of upper end, the second connector of upper end and abutment sleeve Sequence is successively assembled and is installed on the upper end center axis, and outer support, tooth engaged, inner support and the first connector of upper end pass through solid Fixed short pin connection, the Barrel of Hydraulic Cylinders are installed between two the second connectors of upper end by selling in fixing, and the connecting rod is logical It crosses in fixed in selling fixed to sell and be installed between the second connector of the first connector of upper end and upper end.

As a preferred solution of the present invention, the first connector of lower end, abutment sleeve, lower end are pressed in the occluder lower part Second connector, lower end third connector, lower end third connector, abutment sleeve, the second connector of lower end, is determined abutment sleeve The sequence of position sleeve is successively installed on the central axis of lower end, the second connector of lower end, connecting rod, lower end third connector, hydraulic cylinder Piston rod, lower end third connector, connecting rod and the second connector of lower end are connected by fixed long pin connection, outer support, lower end first Fitting, inner support and the second connector of lower end pass through fixed short pin connection.

As a preferred solution of the present invention, the outer support and two sides at cargo contacts surface are zigzag.

As a preferred solution of the present invention, the crawl mobile mechanism include linear guide, sliding block, travelling nut, Screw rod, screw rod lower support element, relieving slab, side plate, upper backup pad, lower supporting plate, shaft coupling, motor cabinet, is watched screw rod upper supporting piece Motor, vertical supporting plate, crossbeam and positioning plate are taken, the side plate and vertical supporting plate are two, and the upper backup pad is located at The upper end of two support columns, the lower supporting plate are installed on the lower end of two support columns, and the motor cabinet is installed on the upper branch On fagging, the servo motor is installed on the motor cabinet and the output shaft of servo motor is sequentially connected shaft coupling and screw rod; The screw rod upper supporting piece is installed on the positioning plate, and the crossbeam, two, the crossbeam is bolted in the positioning plate Side is connect with two support columns respectively by two side plates, and the lower surface of the crossbeam passes through two vertical supporting plates and lower branch Fagging is connected;The screw rod lower support element is set to the screw lower end, and is connected by bolt and the lower supporting plate;The shifting Dynamic nut is set in outside the screw rod, and the relieving slab is set between inner support and travelling nut and relieving slab two sides and sliding block connects It connects, the sliding block is installed on linear guide, and the linear guide is vertically arranged to the support column.

As a preferred solution of the present invention, the horizontal mobile device includes that horizontal inner arm, horizontal outer arm, level are stretched Contracting Barrel of Hydraulic Cylinders, horizontal extension hydraulic cylinder end cover, horizontal extension hydraulic cylinder piston rod, piston rod T-type set, thrust axis, fixation Sleeve, antifriction support, torsion convergence piece a, rope buckle and connecting plate, the connecting plate are two pieces, the piston rod T-type set installation In on horizontal extension hydraulic cylinder piston rod, and it is connected by the thrust axis with fixes sleeve with horizontal inner arm;The antifriction branch Support includes retainer and roller, and the retainer opens up retainer groove, and the roller is filled in the retainer groove, and Retainer is fixedly arranged on the horizontal inner arm lower surface, and horizontal inner arm is set in the horizontal outer arm, and horizontal outer arm passes through two Connecting plate is bolted with torsion convergence piece a, and horizontal extension Barrel of Hydraulic Cylinders is installed on torsion convergence piece a.

As a preferred solution of the present invention, the roller is circle.

As a preferred solution of the present invention, the longitudinal extension device includes longitudinal inner prop, longitudinal column jacket, vertical solution It is cylinder pressure cylinder barrel, vertical hydraulic cylinder end cap, vertical hydraulic cylinder piston rod, longitudinal piston rod T-type set, longitudinal thrust axis, longitudinally fixed Sleeve, longitudinal antifriction support and torsion convergence piece b;The longitudinal direction piston rod T-type set is installed on the vertical hydraulic cylinder piston rod On, and mutually installed by longitudinal thrust axis and longitudinally fixed sleeve with longitudinal inner prop;The longitudinal direction antifriction support includes longitudinal protects Frame and roller are held, the longitudinal direction retainer opens up longitudinal retainer groove, and the longitudinal direction roller is filled in longitudinal retainer In groove, and longitudinal retainer is fixedly arranged on two surface of longitudinal inner prop;The longitudinal direction inner prop is set in longitudinal column jacket; Longitudinal inner prop is bolted with torsion convergence piece b, and vertical solution cylinder pressure cylinder barrel is installed on longitudinal column jacket.

As a preferred solution of the present invention, longitudinal inner prop upper end is provided with circular hole, passes through wirerope and the rope Claim-reduction connection.

It as a preferred solution of the present invention, further include flange shaft and torsion servo motor;The torsion convergence piece a and It reverses convergence piece b to connect by flange shaft bolt, flange shaft is connect with torsion servo motor, and torsion servo motor passes through motor cabinet It is fixedly arranged on longitudinal column jacket.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are: Hawk claw type decrater in the present invention, uninstall process only Horizontal mobile device and longitudinal extension device need to be adjusted to suitable position, when apical tooth is explored to cargo location, headed on cargo Lower gap, occlusion Hydraulic Elements are started to work for cargo to be engaged and be fixed, and recycle horizontal mobile device and longitudinal extension device will Cargo is transferred to other positions, and crawl occlusion mechanism unclamps, and cargo is slid from apical tooth using self weight, realizes steady unloading, should Unloading manner is effectively unloaded to arranging the heavy cargo of compact quality, solves the mechanisms such as fork truck in existing uninstall process The problem having no way of doing it improves unloading efficiency, reduces unloading cost of labor, is conducive to the decrater and promotes and answer in the market With.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the crawl occlusion mechanism of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the apical tooth of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of occluder in the crawl occlusion mechanism of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Fig. 5 is the structure enlargement diagram in Fig. 4 at A;

Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of occluder in the crawl occlusion mechanism of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Fig. 7 is the crawl occlusion mechanism top connection schematic diagram of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Fig. 8 is the crawl occlusion mechanism lower part connection signal detail view of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Fig. 9 is the structure sectional view of the occluder of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Figure 10 is the longitudinal extension device upper end installation cross-sectional view of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Figure 11 is the rearview of the crawl occlusion mechanism of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Figure 12 is the structural schematic diagram of the longitudinal extension device of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Figure 13 is the structure sectional view of the longitudinal extension device of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment;

Figure 14 is longitudinal antifriction support part detail view of Hawk claw type decrater in embodiment.

Specific embodiment

It elaborates with reference to the accompanying drawing to the embodiment of the present invention.

Embodiment: shown in as shown in Fig. 1 to 14, a kind of Hawk claw type decrater, including grabbing device 1, horizontal mobile device 2 And longitudinal extension device 3, grabbing device 1 is moved to by particular space position by horizontal mobile device 2 and longitudinal extension device 3 It sets, above-mentioned grabbing device 1 includes crawl occlusion mechanism and crawl mobile mechanism, and above-mentioned crawl occlusion mechanism is mounted on above-mentioned crawl In mobile mechanism;Above-mentioned crawl occlusion mechanism includes occluder 104, apical tooth 105 and support column 103, two above-mentioned support columns 103 It is respectively provided at above-mentioned 105 two sides of apical tooth, above-mentioned 105 intensity of apical tooth is high, and it is short and small and be equipped with sawtooth striped, play the positioning to cargo And supporting role, and mode is fixedly connected with by bolt etc., apical tooth 105 is installed on above-mentioned support column 103.

Occluder 104 includes occluder top and occluder lower part, and above-mentioned occluder includes tooth engaged 104A, upper end first Connector 104C, upper end the second connector 104D, lower end the first connector 104L, lower end the second connector 104K, lower end third Connector 104J, upper end center axis 104E, lower end central axis 104P, welding locating piece 104B, abutment sleeve 104M, antifriction sleeve 104O, the fixed 104G3 that has strong market potential, it is fixed in sell 104G2, fixed short pin 104G1, fixation kit, inner support 104N, outer support 104H, connecting rod 104I, Barrel of Hydraulic Cylinders 104F-1, hydraulic cylinder piston rod 104F-2 and hydraulic cylinder end cover 104F-3, above-mentioned antifriction Sleeve 104O is installed on above-mentioned inner support 104N and outer support 104H, and tooth engaged 104A, positioning sleeve are pressed in above-mentioned occluder top Cylinder 104M, upper end the first connector 104C, welding locating piece 104B, abutment sleeve 104M, upper end the second connector 104D, upper end The sequence of second connector 104D and abutment sleeve 104M is successively assembled and is mounted on above-mentioned upper end center axis 104E, outer support 104H, tooth engaged 104A, inner support 104N and upper end the first connector 104C are above-mentioned hydraulic by fixed short pin 104G1 connection Cylinder cylinder barrel 104F-1 is installed between two upper end the second connector 104D by pin 104G2 in fixing, and above-mentioned connecting rod 104I is logical Pin 104G2 in selling fixed is crossed in fixed to be installed between upper end the first connector 104C and upper end the second connector 104D.

Press the first connector of lower end 104L, abutment sleeve 104M, lower end the second connector 104K, positioning sleeve in occluder lower part Cylinder 104M, lower end third connector 104J, lower end third connector 104J, abutment sleeve 104M, lower end the second connector 104K, The sequence of abutment sleeve 104M is sequentially arranged on the central axis 104P of lower end, lower end the second connector 104K, connecting rod 104I, lower end Third connector 104J, hydraulic cylinder piston rod 104F-2, lower end third connector 104J, the second connector of connecting rod 104I and lower end 104K passes through fixed 104G3 connection of having strong market potential, outer support 104H, lower end the first connector 104L, inner support 104N and lower end second Connector 104K passes through fixed short pin 104G1 connection.

Outer support 104H is zigzag with two sides at cargo contacts surface, increases the frictional force with freight hold, reduces cargo The probability to fall off during moving away from.

Grabbing mobile mechanism includes linear guide 118, sliding block 119, travelling nut 111, screw rod 112, screw rod upper supporting piece 114, screw rod lower support element 110, relieving slab 120, side plate 108, upper backup pad 102, lower supporting plate 107, shaft coupling 115, motor Seat 109a, servo motor 101, vertical supporting plate 113, crossbeam 117 and positioning plate 116, above-mentioned side plate 108 and vertical supporting plate 113 be two, and above-mentioned upper backup pad 102 is located at the upper end of two support columns 103, and above-mentioned lower supporting plate 107 is installed on two The lower end of support column 103, above-mentioned motor cabinet 109a are installed on above-mentioned upper backup pad 102, and above-mentioned servo motor 101 is installed on It states on motor cabinet 109a and the output shaft of servo motor 101 is sequentially connected shaft coupling 115 and screw rod 112;It is supported on above-mentioned screw rod Part 114 is installed on above-mentioned positioning plate 116, and above-mentioned positioning plate 116 is bolted above-mentioned crossbeam 117, and the two of above-mentioned crossbeam 117 A side is connect with two support columns 103 respectively by two side plates 108, and the lower surface of above-mentioned crossbeam 117 is vertical by two Support plate 113 is connected with lower supporting plate 107, and vertical supporting plate 113 is played a supporting role in the longitudinal direction, above-mentioned screw rod lower support element 110 are located at above-mentioned 112 lower end of screw rod, are used to support part under screw rod 112, and be connected by bolt and above-mentioned lower supporting plate 107 Screw rod 112 is fixed on lower supporting plate 107 by bolt, above-mentioned travelling nut 111 is sleeved on outside above-mentioned screw rod 112, on State that relieving slab 120 is mounted between inner support 104N and travelling nut 111 and 120 two sides of relieving slab are connect with sliding block 119, it is above-mentioned Sliding block 119 is installed on linear guide 118, and above-mentioned linear guide 118 is vertically installed on above-mentioned support column 103, and screw rod 112 is at it In the process lifting act on, linear guide 118 to support slipper 119, slid on convenient for sliding block 119.

It grabs mobile mechanism's movement constantly, by the driving effect of servo motor 101, screw rod 112 is driven to rotate, thus logical 111 band of travelling nut is crossed to move up and down with occluder to suitable position, later under the action of Hydraulic Elements drive, occluder It realizes snap-action, cargo is engaged.

Horizontal mobile device 2 includes horizontal inner arm 201, horizontal outer arm 209, horizontal extension Barrel of Hydraulic Cylinders 205-1, level Telescopic hydraulic cylinder end cap 205-2, horizontal extension hydraulic cylinder piston rod 205-3, piston rod T-type cover 204a, thrust axis 202a, fixation Sleeve 203a, antifriction support 206a, torsion convergence piece a211, rope buckle 207 and connecting plate 210, above-mentioned connecting plate 210 are two Block, above-mentioned piston rod T-type set 204a is mounted on horizontal extension hydraulic cylinder piston rod 205-3, and passes through above-mentioned thrust axis 202a It is connected with fixes sleeve 203a with horizontal inner arm 201;Above-mentioned antifriction support 206a includes retainer 206a1 and roller 206a2, on It states retainer 206a1 and opens up retainer groove, above-mentioned roller 206a2 is circle, and above-mentioned roller 206a2 is filled in above-mentioned retainer In groove, and retainer 206a1 is installed on above-mentioned 201 lower surface of horizontal inner arm, constitutes anti-abrasion structure.

Horizontal inner arm 201 is located in above-mentioned horizontal outer arm 209, and horizontal outer arm 209 is held in the mouth by two connecting plates 210 and torsion Fitting a211 is bolted, and horizontal extension Barrel of Hydraulic Cylinders 205-1 is mounted on torsion convergence piece a211, passes through horizontal extension liquid The telescopic action of element is pressed, the horizontal inner arm 201 of horizontal extension hydraulic cylinder piston rod 205-3 drive stretches, at this time in level Reduce friction, fluent movements, rope buckle 207 by the roller 206a2 of antifriction support 206a between arm 201 and horizontal outer arm 209 It is welded on horizontal outer arm 209.

Longitudinal extension device 3 includes longitudinal inner prop 301, longitudinal column jacket 302, vertical solution cylinder pressure cylinder barrel 303-1, vertical hydraulic It is cylinder end cap 303-2, vertical hydraulic cylinder piston rod 303-3, longitudinal piston rod T-type set 204b, longitudinal thrust axis 202b, longitudinally fixed Sleeve 203b, longitudinal antifriction support 206b and torsion convergence piece b212;Above-mentioned longitudinal direction piston rod T-type set 204b is installed on above-mentioned vertical On formula hydraulic cylinder piston rod 303-3, and lived in peace with each other by longitudinal thrust axis 202b and longitudinally fixed sleeve 203b and longitudinal inner prop 301 Dress;Above-mentioned longitudinal direction antifriction support 206b includes longitudinal direction retainer 206b1 and roller 206b2, and above-mentioned longitudinal direction retainer 206b1 is opened up Longitudinal retainer groove, above-mentioned longitudinal direction roller 206b2 are filled in above-mentioned longitudinal retainer groove, and above-mentioned longitudinal retainer 206b1 is fixedly arranged on 301 liang of surfaces of above-mentioned longitudinal inner prop;Above-mentioned longitudinal direction inner prop 301 is set in longitudinal column jacket 302;Longitudinal inner prop 301 are bolted with torsion convergence piece b212, and vertical solution cylinder pressure cylinder barrel 303-2 is installed on longitudinal column jacket 302, are stretched by longitudinal The telescopic action of contracting Hydraulic Elements, vertical hydraulic cylinder piston rod 303-3 drives longitudinal inner prop 301 to stretch, at this time in longitudinal direction Reduce between column 301 and longitudinal column jacket 302 by longitudinal roller 206b2 of longitudinal antifriction support 206b and rubs, fluent movements.

Longitudinal 301 upper end of inner prop is provided with circular hole, is connect by wirerope 208 with above-mentioned rope buckle 207, reinforces cantilever support The stability of beam.

Longitudinal extension device 3 further includes flange shaft 213 and torsion servo motor;Above-mentioned torsion convergence piece a211 and torsion rank Fitting b212 is bolted by flange shaft 213, and flange shaft 213 is connect with torsion servo motor, and torsion servo motor passes through electricity Base 109b is installed on longitudinal column jacket 302.

Longitudinal column jacket 302 can be installed on small-sized carrier loader, realize being connected for entire decrater and other machines, with The application range for expanding decrater, is conducive to decrater and promotes and apply in the market.

Hawk claw type decrater in the present embodiment solves the problems, such as that operating space is small when unloading cargo, and when unloading needs people The problem of power unloading, uninstall process need to only adjust horizontal mobile device 2 and longitudinal extension device 3 to suitable position, work as apical tooth 105 explore to cargo location, head into cargo gap up and down, and occlusion Hydraulic Elements, which are started to work, is engaged fixation for cargo, recycle Cargo is transferred to other positions by horizontal mobile device 2 and longitudinal extension device 3, and occlusion mechanism unclamps, cargo using self weight from It is slid on apical tooth 105, realizes steady unloading, which effectively unloads to arranging the heavy cargo of compact quality, It solves the problems, such as that the mechanisms such as fork truck have no way of doing it in existing uninstall process, improves unloading efficiency, reduce unloading cost of labor, have It promotes and applies in the market conducive to the decrater.

The foregoing description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to implement or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, as defined herein General Principle can be realized in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention;Therefore, of the invention It is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, and is to fit to and the principles and novel features disclosed herein phase one The widest scope of cause.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of Hawk claw type decrater, it is characterised in that: filled including grabbing device (1), horizontal mobile device (2) and longitudinal extension It sets (3), the grabbing device (1) includes crawl occlusion mechanism and crawl mobile mechanism, and the crawl occlusion mechanism is installed on institute It states in crawl mobile mechanism;The crawl occlusion mechanism includes occluder (104), apical tooth (105) and support column (103), and two The support column (103) is respectively arranged on the apical tooth (105) two sides, and the apical tooth (105) is fixedly arranged on the support column (103).
2. a kind of Hawk claw type decrater according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the occluder (104) includes occlusion Device top and occluder lower part, the occluder include tooth engaged (104A), the first connector of upper end (104C), the company of upper end second Fitting (104D), the first connector of lower end (104L), the second connector of lower end (104K), lower end third connector (104J), on Hold central axis (104E), lower end central axis (104P), welding locating piece (104B), abutment sleeve (104M), antifriction sleeve (104O), it is fixed have strong market potential (104G3), it is fixed in sell (104G2), fixed short pin (104G1), fixation kit, inner support (104N), Outer support (104H), connecting rod (104I), Barrel of Hydraulic Cylinders (104F-1), hydraulic cylinder piston rod (104F-2) and hydraulic cylinder end cover (104F-3), the antifriction sleeve (104O) are fixedly arranged on the inner support (104N) and outer support (104H), the occluder Top is by tooth engaged (104A), abutment sleeve (104M), the first connector of upper end (104C), welding locating piece (104B), positioning Sleeve (104M), the second connector of upper end (104D), the second connector of upper end (104D) and abutment sleeve (104M) sequence according to It is secondary assembling simultaneously be installed on the upper end center axis (104E), outer support (104H), tooth engaged (104A), inner support (104N) and The first connector of upper end (104C) is passed through in fixed by fixed short pin (104G1) connection, the Barrel of Hydraulic Cylinders (104F-1) Pin (104G2) is installed between two the second connectors of upper end (104D), the connecting rod (104I) by pin in fixed it is fixed in Pin (104G2) is installed between the first connector of upper end (104C) and the second connector of upper end (104D).
3. a kind of Hawk claw type decrater according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: press lower end first in the occluder lower part Connector (104L), abutment sleeve (104M), the second connector of lower end (104K), abutment sleeve (104M), the connection of lower end third Part (104J), lower end third connector (104J), abutment sleeve (104M), the second connector of lower end (104K), abutment sleeve The sequence of (104M) is successively installed on lower end central axis (104P), the second connector of lower end (104K), connecting rod (104I), lower end Third connector (104J), hydraulic cylinder piston rod (104F-2), lower end third connector (104J), connecting rod (104I) and lower end Two connectors (104K) pass through fixed (104G3) connection of having strong market potential, outer support (104H), the first connector of lower end (104L), interior branch It supports (104N) and the second connector of lower end (104K) and passes through fixed short pin (104G1) connection.
4. a kind of Hawk claw type decrater according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the outer support (104H) connects with cargo Touching two sides at surface is zigzag.
5. a kind of Hawk claw type decrater according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the crawl mobile mechanism includes straight line Guide rail (118), sliding block (119), travelling nut (111), screw rod (112), screw rod upper supporting piece (114), screw rod lower support element (110), relieving slab (120), side plate (108), upper backup pad (102), lower supporting plate (107), shaft coupling (115), motor cabinet (109a), servo motor (101), vertical supporting plate (113), crossbeam (117) and positioning plate (116), the side plate (108) and vertical Formula support plate (113) is two, and the upper backup pad (102) is located at the upper end of two support columns (103), the lower supporting plate (107) it is installed on the lower end of two support columns (103), the motor cabinet (109a) is installed on the upper backup pad (102), institute State that servo motor (101) is installed on the motor cabinet (109a) and the output shaft of servo motor (101) is sequentially connected shaft coupling (115) with screw rod (112);The screw rod upper supporting piece (114) is installed on the positioning plate (116), and the positioning plate (116) is logical It crosses and is bolted the crossbeam (117), (117) two sides of the crossbeam are supported with two respectively by two side plates (108) The lower surface of column (103) connection, the crossbeam (117) is connected by two vertical supporting plates (113) with lower supporting plate (107); The screw rod lower support element (110) is set to the screw rod (112) lower end, and is connected by bolt and the lower supporting plate (107); The travelling nut (111) is set in the screw rod (112) outside, and the relieving slab (120) is set to inner support (104N) and mobile Between nut (111) and relieving slab (120) two sides are connect with sliding block (119), and the sliding block (119) is installed on linear guide (118), the linear guide (118) is vertically arranged to the support column (103).
6. a kind of Hawk claw type decrater according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: the horizontal mobile device (2) includes Horizontal inner arm (201), horizontal outer arm (209), horizontal extension Barrel of Hydraulic Cylinders (205-1), horizontal extension hydraulic cylinder end cover (205- 2), horizontal extension hydraulic cylinder piston rod (205-3), piston rod T-type set (204a), thrust axis (202a), fixes sleeve (203a), Antifriction supports (206a), torsion convergence piece a (211), rope buckle (207) and connecting plate (210), and the connecting plate (210) is two Block, the piston rod T-type set (204a) are installed on horizontal extension hydraulic cylinder piston rod (205-3), and pass through the thrust axis (202a) is connected with fixes sleeve (203a) with horizontal inner arm (201);The antifriction support (206a) includes retainer (206a1) With roller (206a2), the retainer (206a1) opens up retainer groove, and the roller (206a2) is filled in the retainer In groove, and retainer (206a1) is fixedly arranged on horizontal inner arm (201) lower surface, and horizontal inner arm (201) is set to the water In flat outer arm (209), horizontal outer arm (209) is bolted by two connecting plates (210) and torsion convergence piece a (211), horizontal Telescopic hydraulic cylinder cylinder barrel (205-1) is installed in torsion convergence piece a (211).
7. a kind of Hawk claw type decrater according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the roller (206a2) is circle.
8. a kind of Hawk claw type decrater according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the longitudinal extension device (3) includes It is longitudinal inner prop (301), longitudinal column jacket (302), vertical solution cylinder pressure cylinder barrel (303-1), vertical hydraulic cylinder end cap (303-2), vertical Hydraulic cylinder piston rod (303-3), longitudinal piston rod T-type set (204b), longitudinal thrust axis (202b), longitudinally fixed sleeve (203b), longitudinal antifriction support (206b) and torsion convergence piece b (212);The longitudinal direction piston rod T-type set (204b) is installed on institute It states on vertical hydraulic cylinder piston rod (303-3), and passes through longitudinal thrust axis (202b) and longitudinally fixed sleeve (203b) and longitudinal direction Inner prop (301) is mutually installed;The longitudinal direction antifriction support (206b) includes longitudinal retainer (206b1) and roller (206b2), described Longitudinal retainer (206b1) opens up longitudinal retainer groove, and it is recessed that the longitudinal direction roller (206b2) is filled in longitudinal retainer In slot, and longitudinal retainer (206b1) is fixedly arranged on (301) two surface of longitudinal inner prop;The longitudinal direction inner prop (301) In longitudinal column jacket (302);Longitudinal inner prop (301) is bolted with torsion convergence piece b (212), vertical solution cylinder pressure cylinder barrel (303-2) is installed on longitudinal column jacket (302).
9. a kind of Hawk claw type decrater according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: open described longitudinal direction inner prop (301) upper end There is circular hole, is connect by wirerope (208) with the rope buckle (207).
10. a kind of Hawk claw type decrater according to claim 8, it is characterised in that: further include flange shaft (213) and torsion Servo motor;The torsion convergence piece a (211) and torsion convergence piece b (212) are bolted by flange shaft (213), flange shaft (213) it is connect with torsion servo motor, torsion servo motor is fixedly arranged on longitudinal column jacket (302) by motor cabinet (109b).
CN201910449425.3A 2019-05-28 2019-05-28 Eagle claw type unloader CN110077842B (en)

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CN110626810B (en) * 2019-09-27 2021-01-19 东莞市恒荣机械股份有限公司 Material bag carrying equipment and method

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