CN110073792A - Collection rain device suitable for urban green belts - Google Patents

Collection rain device suitable for urban green belts Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110073792A
CN110073792A CN201910393100.8A CN201910393100A CN110073792A CN 110073792 A CN110073792 A CN 110073792A CN 201910393100 A CN201910393100 A CN 201910393100A CN 110073792 A CN110073792 A CN 110073792A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
water tank
drip irrigation
rainwater
landscape tree
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910393100.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王振昌
谢毅
肖志明
王易天
郭相平
操信春
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hohai University HHU
Original Assignee
Hohai University HHU
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hohai University HHU filed Critical Hohai University HHU
Priority to CN201910393100.8A priority Critical patent/CN110073792A/en
Publication of CN110073792A publication Critical patent/CN110073792A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C23/00Distributing devices specially adapted for liquid manure or other fertilising liquid, including ammonia, e.g. transport tanks or sprinkling wagons
    • A01C23/04Distributing under pressure; Distributing mud; Adaptation of watering systems for fertilising-liquids
    • A01C23/042Adding fertiliser to watering systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/22Improving land use; Improving water use or availability; Controlling erosion

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of collection rain devices suitable for urban green belts, including rainwater harvesting funnel, delivery hose, water tank and underground drip irrigation device, interior kind of the water tank is implanted with landscape tree, the top of landscape tree is equipped with rainwater harvesting funnel, the rainwater harvesting funnel is connect by delivery hose with water tank, rainwater harvesting funnel two sides are equipped with rain shield, and water level sensor and water outlet gate valve are equipped in the water tank, and the bottom of storage tank is equipped with drip irrigation appliance.The present invention can either supply water in time for landscape trees, again can ornamental landscape tree wood, filtered rainwater will be collected, the micro irrigation in part is carried out to landscape tree by drip irrigation appliance, the leakage and loss for making moisture are reduced to bottom line, slowly can persistently supply water to landscape tree root soil, are a kind of efficient drought resisting facilities, lack especially suitable for water source and the area of water shortage, rainwater improve water resource service efficiency while recycling again.

Description

Collection rain device suitable for urban green belts
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of collection rain device more particularly to a kind of collection rain devices suitable for urban green belts.
Background technique
Landscape tree, which refers to, is planted in park or scenic spot etc. to people's shade, ornamental tree species, and landscape tree has many effects, It can be with supplemental oxygen, purification air, beautifying city, reduction noise etc..Landscape tree is big to the demand of water, and daily watering can not Guarantee that the survival rate and growth quality of trees need to put into a large amount of manpower especially in remote place with a distance from water source well, Manually, ideal effect is also not achieved in not only time-consuming, consumption.It is big using waterwheel spray area, each trees cannot be completely secured Obtain it is comprehensive moisten, and because soil it is seriously hardened, tree root does not have enough time also absorbing, and moisture is just lost or evaporates, and metals run out Phenomenon is serious.
Summary of the invention
Goal of the invention: it is an object of the present invention to provide one kind to combine with trickle irrigation, can either supply water in time for landscape trees, again Can ornamental landscape tree wood the collection rain device suitable for urban green belts.
Technical solution: the present invention includes rainwater harvesting funnel, delivery hose, water tank and drip irrigation appliance, in the water tank Kind is implanted with landscape tree, and the top of landscape tree is equipped with rainwater harvesting funnel, and the rainwater harvesting funnel is connect by delivery hose with water tank, Rainwater harvesting funnel two sides are equipped with rain shield, and water level sensor and water outlet gate valve are equipped in the water tank, and the bottom of storage tank is equipped with Drip irrigation appliance.
It is equipped with filter screen at the top of the rainwater harvesting funnel, rainwater can be filtered, delivery hose, underground can be effectively prevent Drip irrigation zone and emitter clogging.
Two sides at the top of the rainwater harvesting funnel are equipped with solar panel, store electric energy using solar panel, for coloured silk Lamp, water pump and the power supply of other electric devices.
The rain shield is scalable rain shield, can successfully manage the various weather conditions such as fine day, light rain, heavy rain, real Now collect the automation control of rain device, when rainfall is smaller, rain shield can cover solar panel, can be to solar-electricity Pond plate is protected.When rainfall is excessive, water level sensor carries out early warning in water tank, and scalable rain shield is fully extended, collection Rain drain bucket closure, collection rain device no longer collects rain, while being discharged gate valve and suitably opening, and extra rainwater flows into city by water outlet gate valve Arrange rain pipeline.
It is equipped with fertilizer slot in the water tank, quantitative liquid fertilizer, pesticide, root-growing agent etc. can be applied to water tank, passed through Underground drip irrigation is integrally delivered in the soil around landscape tree root system with liquid manure, and nursery stock root zone is made to be able to maintain best fertilizer, confession Medicine state improves plant percent and growth quality.
The drip irrigation appliance includes water pump, underground drip irrigation band and water dropper, and the water pump is located at water tank side wall, described Underground drip irrigation band be located at the bottom of storage tank, underground drip irrigation band is equipped with several water droppers, and the rainwater collected in water tank passes through water Pump, underground drip irrigation band and water dropper are delivered in the soil around landscape tree root system, to carry out timely moisturizing to landscape tree.
Color lamp is wound on the delivery hose, delivery hose is wrapped on landscape tree, and night can intersperse urban landscape.
The utility model has the advantages that the present invention can either supply water in time for landscape trees, and can ornamental landscape tree wood.
(1) filtered rainwater will be collected, the micro irrigation in part is carried out to landscape tree by drip irrigation appliance, makes the infiltration of moisture Leakage and loss are reduced to bottom line, slowly can persistently supply water to landscape tree root soil, are that a kind of efficient drought resisting is set It applies, lacks especially suitable for water source and the area of water shortage, rainwater improve water resource service efficiency while recycling again;
(2) nutrition that can need nursery stock, such as liquid fertilizer, pesticide, root-growing agent are added in water tank by fertilizer slot, are led to Drip irrigation appliance is crossed integrally to be delivered to liquid manure in the soil around landscape tree root system, make nursery stock root zone be able to maintain best fertilizer, For medicine state, plant percent and growth quality are improved;
(3) when heavy rain, water tank can alleviate city row's rain pipeline pressure, the level sensor in water tank to a certain extent Device can carry out automatically controlling rain shield, water outlet gate valve, and intelligence copes with the various situations such as rainfall size, while drip irrigation appliance can It is matched with soil moisture sensor, intelligence timely carries out moisturizing for landscape tree;
(4) delivery hose surface inserting has each color light, and delivery hose is wrapped on landscape tree, and night can intersperse city scape It sees;
(5) power supply use solar panel, ecological, environmental protective, the above items realize collection rain apparatus function diversification and It is intelligent.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is rainwater harvesting funnel structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Fig. 3 is rainwater harvesting funnel top view of the invention;
Fig. 4 is water tank schematic internal view of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further explained below with reference to the attached drawings.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the present invention includes rainwater harvesting funnel 1, solar panel 2, rain shield 3, filter screen 4, color lamp 5, delivery hose 6, water tank 7, water level sensor 8, fertilizer slot 9, outlet valve lock 10 and drip irrigation appliance (including water pump 11, underground Drip irrigation zone 12 and water dropper 13).7 center kind of water tank is implanted with landscape tree, and the top of landscape tree is equipped with several rainwater harvesting funnels 1, uses In water conservancy diversion and rainwater is collected, rainwater harvesting funnel 1 is connect by delivery hose 6 with water tank 7, and the two sides of each rainwater harvesting funnel 1 are all provided with There is rain shield 3, the various weather conditions such as fine day, light rain, heavy rain can be successfully managed, realizes the automation control of collection rain device, storage It is equipped with water level sensor 8, fertilizer slot 9 and water outlet gate valve 10,7 bottom of water tank in water tank 7 and is equipped with drip irrigation appliance.
Water tank 7 can store rainwater and realize that rainwater recycles, and when heavy rain can alleviate city row's rain pipeline to a certain extent Pressure.As shown in figure 4,7 inner wall of water tank is equipped with water level sensor 8, early warning can be carried out to the water level in water tank 7.Water level passes The lower section of sensor 8 is equipped with fertilizer slot 9, and the nutrition that can need nursery stock is added in water tank 7 by fertilizer slot 9, is filled by trickle irrigation It sets and is integrally delivered to liquid manure in the soil around landscape tree root system, nursery stock root zone is made to be able to maintain best fertilizer.Water tank 7 leans on The position of nearly bottom is equipped with water outlet gate valve 10, and water outlet gate valve 10 is first closed when collecting rain, and collecting extra rainwater when rain excess can be by going out Water gate valve 10 flows into city and arranges rain pipeline, alleviates city to a certain extent and arranges rain pipeline pressure.
As shown in Fig. 2, rain shield 3 be scalable rain shield, when fine, rain shield 3 is fully opened, upper surface with The upper surface of rainwater harvesting funnel 1 is concordant, and solar panel 2 stores electric energy at this time;When rainfall is smaller, 3 part of rain shield is stretched Out to 2 top of solar panel, solar panel 2 is covered, solar panel 2 can be protected;Rainfall mistake When big, the water level sensor 8 in water tank 7 carries out early warning, and scalable rain shield is fully extended, and rainwater harvesting funnel 1 is closed, and collects rain Device no longer collects rain, while being discharged gate valve 10 and suitably opening, and extra rainwater flows into city by water outlet gate valve 10 and arranges rain pipeline.
It is equipped with filter screen 4 at the top of rainwater harvesting funnel 1 and effectively prevent delivery hose as shown in figure 3, can be filtered to rainwater 6, underground drip irrigation band 12 and water dropper 13 block.Delivery hose 6 is wrapped on landscape tree and surface is embedded with each color light 5, water guide Decoration function is played to landscape tree simultaneously, can beautifying city landscape, night can intersperse urban landscape, and multi-purpose content realizes collection rain The diversity of apparatus function.
As shown in figure 4, the bottom of water tank 7 is equipped with drip irrigation appliance, including water pump 11, underground drip irrigation band 12 and water dropper 13, Water pump 11 is located on the side wall of 7 pedestal of water tank, and the bottom interval of water tank 7 is evenly provided with four underground drip irrigation bands 12, often Several water droppers 13 are equipped on bar underground drip irrigation band 12.Drip irrigation appliance can be matched with soil moisture sensor, pass through soil Whether moisture transducer detection landscape tree needs moisturizing, when landscape tree needs water, starts drip irrigation appliance, will collect in water tank 7 Rainwater be delivered in the soil around landscape tree root system by water pump 11, underground drip irrigation band 12 and water dropper 13, thus to landscape Tree carries out timely moisturizing.
The operation principle of the present invention is that:
Firstly, landscape tree to be planted in the center of water tank 7, water pump 11 and underground drip irrigation band 12 is arranged in 7 bottom of water tank, After underground drip irrigation band 12 is laid with, sapling is transplanted.When rainfall, the water outlet gate valve 10 in water tank 7 is closed, rainwater is through filter screen 4, which are filtered through rainwater harvesting funnel 1, collects, and flows into delivery hose 6, is finally stored in water tank 7;Meanwhile rain shield 3 extends to the sun 2 top of energy solar panel, can protect solar panel 2.When rainfall is excessive, water level sensor 8 in water tank 7 into Row early warning, rain shield 3 is fully extended, and rainwater harvesting funnel 1 is closed, and collection rain device no longer collects rain, while being discharged gate valve 10 and suitably opening, Extra rainwater flows into city by water outlet gate valve 10 and arranges rain pipeline.When landscape tree needs water, start drip irrigation appliance, by water tank 7 The rainwater of collection is delivered in the soil around landscape tree root system by water pump 11, underground drip irrigation band 12 and water dropper 13, thus right Landscape tree carries out timely moisturizing.Fertilizer slot 9 is set inside water tank 7, quantitative liquid fertilizer can be applied to water tank 7, pass through underground Liquid manure is integrally delivered in the soil around landscape tree root system by drip irrigation zone 12.When fine, rain shield 3 is fully opened, and is had Electric energy is stored conducive to solar panel 2, is color lamp 5, water pump 11 and collection other electric devices of rain device power supply.Delivery hose 6 Surface inserting has each color light 5, and delivery hose 6 is wrapped on landscape tree, and night can intersperse urban landscape.
The present invention collects rainfall precipitation, carries out gentle irrigation to landscape tree in conjunction with trickle irrigation, water-saving efficient is environmentally friendly, in addition water Fertile integration irrigation technique, can be improved landscape tree survival rate and growth quality, while the collection rain device can carry out landscape trees Decoration, meets urban landscape demand.The present invention has good market prospects and practical application value.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of collection rain device suitable for urban green belts, which is characterized in that including rainwater harvesting funnel (1), delivery hose (6), Water tank (7) and drip irrigation appliance, interior kind of the water tank (7) is implanted with landscape tree, and the top of landscape tree is equipped with rainwater harvesting funnel (1), the rainwater harvesting funnel (1) is connect by delivery hose (6) with water tank (7), and rainwater harvesting funnel (1) two sides are equipped with rain shield (3), water level sensor (8) and water outlet gate valve (10) are equipped in the water tank (7), water tank (7) bottom is filled equipped with trickle irrigation It sets.
2. the collection rain device according to claim 1 suitable for urban green belts, which is characterized in that the rainwater harvesting funnel (1) top is equipped with filter screen (4).
3. the collection rain device according to claim 1 suitable for urban green belts, which is characterized in that the rainwater harvesting funnel (1) two sides at the top of are equipped with solar panel (2).
4. the collection rain device according to claim 1 suitable for urban green belts, which is characterized in that the rain shield It (3) is scalable rain shield, rain shield (3) can cover solar panel (2).
5. the collection rain device according to claim 1 suitable for urban green belts, which is characterized in that the water tank (7) fertilizer slot (9) are equipped in.
6. the collection rain device according to claim 1 suitable for urban green belts, which is characterized in that the drip irrigation appliance Including water pump (11), underground drip irrigation band (12) and water dropper (13), the water pump (11) is located at water tank (7) side wall, described Underground drip irrigation band (12) is located at water tank (7) bottom, and underground drip irrigation band (12) is equipped with several water droppers (13).
7. the collection rain device according to claim 1 suitable for urban green belts, which is characterized in that the delivery hose (6) color lamp (5) are wound on.
CN201910393100.8A 2019-05-13 2019-05-13 Collection rain device suitable for urban green belts Pending CN110073792A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910393100.8A CN110073792A (en) 2019-05-13 2019-05-13 Collection rain device suitable for urban green belts

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910393100.8A CN110073792A (en) 2019-05-13 2019-05-13 Collection rain device suitable for urban green belts

Publications (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111820113A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-10-27 深圳市弘雅景观园林绿化有限公司 Landscape water purification equipment and integral greening buried drip irrigation method

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080092440A1 (en) * 2006-10-24 2008-04-24 Johnson Julie S Plant Watering and Shading Device
KR20110027503A (en) * 2009-09-10 2011-03-16 (주)옥토끼이미징 Eco-friendly pergola
CN206978286U (en) * 2017-05-23 2018-02-09 珠海横琴新区维思港机器人科技有限公司 A kind of municipal urban green belts of energy timing automatically watering
CN207135656U (en) * 2017-07-12 2018-03-27 禹州市第一高级中学 A kind of rainwater-collecting and irrigation greenhouse
CN208064011U (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-11-09 马玉真 A kind of agricultural dropleting enemaing system carrying out large area trickle irrigation using solar energy
CN108935014A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-12-07 河北省林业科学研究院 Trees to maintain equipment

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20080092440A1 (en) * 2006-10-24 2008-04-24 Johnson Julie S Plant Watering and Shading Device
KR20110027503A (en) * 2009-09-10 2011-03-16 (주)옥토끼이미징 Eco-friendly pergola
CN206978286U (en) * 2017-05-23 2018-02-09 珠海横琴新区维思港机器人科技有限公司 A kind of municipal urban green belts of energy timing automatically watering
CN207135656U (en) * 2017-07-12 2018-03-27 禹州市第一高级中学 A kind of rainwater-collecting and irrigation greenhouse
CN208064011U (en) * 2017-12-04 2018-11-09 马玉真 A kind of agricultural dropleting enemaing system carrying out large area trickle irrigation using solar energy
CN108935014A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-12-07 河北省林业科学研究院 Trees to maintain equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111820113A (en) * 2020-08-11 2020-10-27 深圳市弘雅景观园林绿化有限公司 Landscape water purification equipment and integral greening buried drip irrigation method

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