CN110064506A - A kind of quartz sand waterpower sorting cleaning device - Google Patents

A kind of quartz sand waterpower sorting cleaning device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN110064506A
CN110064506A CN201910365253.1A CN201910365253A CN110064506A CN 110064506 A CN110064506 A CN 110064506A CN 201910365253 A CN201910365253 A CN 201910365253A CN 110064506 A CN110064506 A CN 110064506A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
sand
sorting
quartz sand
box
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CN201910365253.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN110064506B (en
Inventor
熊帆
赵辉
王德春
李曙光
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Other Materials (group) Co Kezuohouqi
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Other Materials (group) Co Kezuohouqi
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03BSEPARATING SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS
    • B03B5/00Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating
    • B03B5/62Washing granular, powdered or lumpy materials; Wet separating by hydraulic classifiers, e.g. of launder, tank, spiral or helical chute concentrator type
    • B03B5/623Upward current classifiers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B3/00Cleaning by methods involving the use or presence of liquid or steam
    • B08B3/04Cleaning involving contact with liquid
    • B08B3/10Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration
    • B08B3/12Cleaning involving contact with liquid with additional treatment of the liquid or of the object being cleaned, e.g. by heat, by electricity, by vibration by sonic or ultrasonic vibrations
    • B08B3/123Cleaning travelling work, e.g. webs, articles on a conveyor

Abstract

The invention belongs to technical field of quartz sand preparation, specifically disclose a kind of quartz sand waterpower sorting cleaning device, including sorting mechanism and feeding mechanism, feeding mechanism includes spill box and the box for feeding odd above spill box, the open setting of the upper and lower end of box for feeding odd and the upper end of spill box, spill box are equipped with water inlet;Sorting mechanism includes separatory vessel, and the side wall of separatory vessel is equipped with the sand inlet being connected to spill box, and the bottom of the height spill box of sand inlet;Row's sorting chamber is equipped in separatory vessel side by side, adjacent sorting chamber is separated by partition, the orientation of multiple sorting chambers and the feedstock direction of sand inlet are parallel, separatory vessel is equipped with the multiple water supply mechanisms to supply water respectively into each sorting chamber, water supply mechanism includes hole for water spraying, and the opening of hole for water spraying is towards upper;Supersonic generator is installed at least one sorting chamber.Using the solution of the present invention, the cleaning to quartz sand can be completed while sorting quartz sand.

Description

A kind of quartz sand waterpower sorting cleaning device
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of quartz sand preparation, and in particular to a kind of quartz sand waterpower sorts cleaning device.
Background technique
It is domestic at present that mining, broken, cleaning, drying, sorting etc. are specifically included that the production procedure of quartz sand, wherein dividing Choosing generallys use vibrating screening machine progress, has multiple sieve plate in vibrating screening machine, i.e. every layer of sieve plate according to setting granularity into Row sub-sieve, to obtain the quartz sand of different grain size (mesh number), but there are many problems for such screening mode, after sorting first Quartz sand size is uneven, is easy to be mixed into some fine particles in biggish sand grains, the normal sand after making sub-sieve is due to mesh number Problem of different sizes, causing finished sand size distribution not up to standard;Secondly vibrating screening machine during the work time, due to sand grains it Between or the shock between sand grains and sieve plate, generate a large amount of dust, and the main ingredient silica of dust has greatly human body Health threat, if vibrating screen is not tight seal, these dust will be flown upward everywhere in production area, at the same sort after Sand grains also needs further to clean, and finally since sand grains is in assorting room, the sieve plate of sand grains and vibrating screen is constantly hit, and makes The durability degree decline for obtaining sieve plate, so that sieve plate just needs replacing in use for some time.Therefore by the way of vibrosieve It is only applicable to the production of small lot.
And the process flow of quartz sand routine at present, it is required to that broken sand grains is cleaned and dried before sorting Processing, so that production technology is longer, is not suitable for the biggish enterprise of quartz sand yield, based on the above issues, applicant is to quartz The method for separating and sorting unit of sand expand research, and the application is emphatically illustrated sorting unit.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of quartz sand waterpower to sort cleaning device, improves quartz sand sorting effect to meet The requirement of rate.
In order to achieve the above objectives, base case of the invention are as follows: a kind of quartz sand waterpower sorting cleaning device, including sorting Mechanism and feeding mechanism, feeding mechanism include spill box and the box for feeding odd above spill box, the upper and lower end of box for feeding odd with And the open setting in the upper end of spill box, spill box are equipped with water inlet;Sorting mechanism includes separatory vessel, and the side wall of separatory vessel is set There is the sand inlet being connected to spill box, and the height of sand inlet is higher by the bottom of spill box;A row point is equipped in separatory vessel side by side Chamber is selected, adjacent sorting chamber is separated by partition, and the orientation of multiple sorting chambers and the feedstock direction of sand inlet are parallel, sorting Case is equipped with the multiple water supply mechanisms to supply water respectively into each sorting chamber, and water supply mechanism includes several hole for water sprayings, hole for water spraying Opening is towards upper;Supersonic generator is installed at least one sorting chamber.
The working principle and beneficial effect of this base case are:
1, water is passed through into spill box by water inlet, when quartz sand is entered in spill box by box for feeding odd and overflow Water in case is mixed to form sand aqueous mixtures, while being entered in separatory vessel by flow action by sand inlet.Compared to direct Quartz sand is transmitted in separatory vessel using conveyer belt, conveys quartz sand using flow action in the application, it is possible to reduce quartz Sand enters the kinetic energy in separatory vessel, and the initial kinetic energy of quartz sand is avoided to influence separating effect.
2, it is equipped with water supply mechanism in sorting chamber, guarantees to be filled with water in each sorting chamber before sorting, when sand aqueous mixtures It when entering in first sorting chamber from sand inlet, is scatter by flow action, while water supply mechanism persistently supplies water, due to spray The water spraying direction in water hole is super upward, then the water that hole for water spraying sprays has upward hydraulic action to quartz sand, can reduce quartz sand The sinking speed of grain, the hydraulic action (active force of vertical direction) that the maximum sand grains of granularity overcomes hole for water spraying upward are deposited to the The bottom of one sorting chamber, the sand grains of remaining granularity with the sand aqueous mixtures initially entered flow action (horizontal direction Active force) partition is climbed over into second sorting chamber.When climbing over partition with the bourn acting force of horizontal direction due to sand grains, by To the blocking of partition, during continuous overturning is obstructed, the flow velocity of water flow constantly reduces water flow, so that the rate of settling of sand grains Constantly increase, therefore in subsequent sorting chamber, the quartz sand particle granularity of the hydraulic action of vertical direction can be overcome gradually Reduce, so that the grit size left in each sorting chamber is different, completes sorting.
In the above process, hydraulic action is divided into the active force of vertical direction and the active force of horizontal direction, while cooperating sand The self gravity of grain, suffered buoyancy, ultrasonic wave force, i.e., sand grains is in sorting chamber by 5 active forces, it is assumed that in this programme There is no the active force of vertical direction provided by water supply mechanism, then sand grains just only by the active force of horizontal direction, buoyancy, from Body gravity and ultrasonic wave force, it is assumed that the sand grains of a particle size has been deposited in close to sand inlet under this four active forces In second sorting chamber, then the sand grains of a particle size also suffers from upward impact force under the action of water supply mechanism, that The sand grains of a particle size may can deposit in sand inlet third or four sorting chambers, and this makes it possible to quartz The sorting that sandy plain material is refined very much, to obtain the sand grains of higher size distribution.
3, effect of the quartz sand in sorting chamber by water flow scatter, and is suspended in water and is continued simultaneously by water supply mechanism Upward sluicing effect, realizes the cleaning to sand grains, thus using the technical program be not necessarily to before sorting to quartz sand into Row cleaning and drying steps, greatly shorten the technological process of production of quartz sand, greatly improve the effect of quartz sand production Rate.If the mud powder that sand impinging is attached on sand grains on the side wall of sorting chamber, in collision process also can further fall off, by Then in water, the case where can't also generating dust from flying, processing environment is greatly improved.And ultrasonic wave is set Device, the ultrasonic wave that supersonic generator generates passes through flow action on quartz sand particle, so that quartz sand particle surface is adhered to Mud powder fall, due to the shape of quartz sand particle and irregular, it is more difficult that the mud powder in lesser gap only passes through flow action It cleans up, is cleaned using ultrasonic wave, so that the cleanliness of quartz sand particle is higher.
Further, water inlet is equipped with multiple and is evenly distributed on spill box bottom.
The utility model has the advantages that the bottom of spill box is arranged in water inlet, have by the water that water inlet injects to quartz sand upward Active force, avoid quartz sand particle sunk to the bottom in spill box caused by can not be delivered in separatory vessel.
Further, buffer board is fixed on the side wall of box for feeding odd opposite sides, the free end of buffer board is arranged diagonally downward.
The utility model has the advantages that the quartz sand fallen downwards is stopped by buffer board, moved down along buffer board, the movement of quartz sand Potential energy is largely absorbed by buffer board, enters it in spill box with lower speed, and on the one hand, quartz sand falls for setting in this way When entering in spill box, downward power is smaller, and the depth that quartz sand sinks in mixing tank for coating colors is small, is convenient for itself and water mixing, and It is entered in separatory vessel by flow action;On the other hand, avoidable quartz sand, which is quickly fallen into spill box, makes in spill box Water body largely splashes away, so that sand water ratio is difficult to control.
Further, the buffer board on the side wall of box for feeding odd two sides is staggered, and the projected area of buffer board vertical direction is big In the half of box for feeding odd inner cavity area.
The utility model has the advantages that guaranteeing that quartz sand particle can be impinged upon on buffer board layer by layer and be slid downwards along buffer board.
Further, water supply mechanism is arranged in separatory vessel bottom, and water supply mechanism includes being connected in the more of each sorting chamber bottom Root water supplying pipe, water supplying pipe upper end are communicated with jetting member, and hole for water spraying is arranged on jetting member, and water supplying pipe is vertically upward.
The utility model has the advantages that 1, water supplying pipe is equipped with more and the bottom of sorting chamber is arranged in, since water body has flowing dispersibility, If water supplying pipe is only arranged one, the impact force of the water flow right above water supplying pipe is maximum, and rushes further away from the surface of water supplying pipe Hit power reduces because of dispersion, will reduce on the influence of the rate of settling of sand grains, and then influence the sorting to sand grains;
2, vertically upward, in the case where water supplying pipe quantity, caliber are certain, more water supplying pipes are in the horizontal direction for water supplying pipe Occupied area is minimum, if water supplying pipe is obliquely installed, then water supplying pipe occupied area in the horizontal direction is larger, is easy to influence sand grains Sedimentation.
Further, jetting member is the water dish for being fixed on water supplying pipe upper end, and hole for water spraying is equipped with multiple and water dish circumferentially Uniformly distributed, hole for water spraying is tilted upward far from one end of water spray disk axis.
The utility model has the advantages that setting water dish, can avoid sand fallout and is directly fallen in water supplying pipe in the process and block water supply Pipe.
Further, supersonic generator is arranged close to the sorting chamber bottom of sand inlet side.
The utility model has the advantages that since the quartz sand in the sorting chamber of sand inlet side is without over cleaning, the mud that adheres to above Powder or fine powder are more, therefore should be preferably provided at when in view of save the cost so that supersonic generator quantity is provided in limited time On the sorting chamber of sand inlet side.
And multiple water dishes are arranged in the bottom wall of sorting chamber, are easy to be stuck in adjacent water spray when sand fallout is to sorting chamber bottom Between disk, it is difficult to be discharged, supersonic generator is arranged in the bottom of sorting chamber, then the water flow in sorting chamber bottom is subject to super Sound wave effect is most obvious, and the vibration of water flow is most obvious, sand grains can be avoided to a certain extent to be stuck between adjacent water dish.
Further, the upper end of more water supplying pipes in each sorting chamber is concordant, and water dish size is consistent, each sorting chamber The caliber of more interior water supplying pipes is consistent.
The utility model has the advantages that in the case where the inflow of water supplying pipe, hydraulic pressure are certain, since the water flow at water dish is made Firmly bigger, if the water supplying pipe in sorting chamber is uneven, then the upward active force of the water flow of each jetting member discharge is dividing Select it is intracavitary be unevenly distributed, be easy to influence separating effect.
To make structure simple, when supplying water, more water supplying pipes connect external water pipe simultaneously and supply water, and work as water supplying pipe When caliber difference, the thinner water supplying pipe of caliber is larger to the resistance of water flow, therefore water flow is easy into the thicker water supplying pipe of caliber Flowing, causes the water supply of water supplying pipe uneven, therefore the caliber of water supplying pipe can unanimously guarantee the uniformity to supply water.
Further, partition includes the fixed part being fixed in separatory vessel and slides vertically the sliding being connected in separatory vessel Portion, the interior actuator being equipped with for driving sliding part to slide of separatory vessel.
The utility model has the advantages that passing through driving sliding part sliding, thus it is possible to vary the height of the height of partition, partition is higher, to level The barrier effect of direction water flow is more obvious, and by adjusting the height of partition, the resistance to water-flow of horizontal direction can be adjusted, so that stone The granularity of sand sorting is more accurate.
Further, partition is detachably connected in separatory vessel.
The utility model has the advantages that the partition of different height can be replaced by disassembly partition.It is removable compared to the sliding type of partition Although the mode replacement for unloading connection is cumbersome, setting actuator is not needed, device overall structure more simplifies.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the partial schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the elevational cross-sectional view of water supplying pipe in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of part A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the partial sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention 2 and embodiment 3;
Fig. 5 is the partial sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention 4;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing of part B in Fig. 5.
Specific embodiment
It is further described below by specific embodiment:
Appended drawing reference in Figure of description include: box for feeding odd 1, buffer board 2, support column 3, feed inlet 4, spill box 5, into The mouth of a river 6, separatory vessel 7, sorting chamber 8, partition 9, sand removing hole 10, water supplying pipe 11, water dish 12, sand inlet 13, general pipeline II 14, end cap 15, water cavity 16, hole for water spraying 17, water inlet block 18, through-hole 19, supersonic generator 20, sliding part 21, fixed part 22, sand removal pipe 23.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of quartz sand waterpower sorts cleaning device, including feeding mechanism and sorting mechanism, feeding mechanism Box for feeding odd 1 including spill box 5 and above spill box 5, the upper and lower end of box for feeding odd 1 and the upper end of spill box 5 are spacious Mouth setting, spill box 5 is equipped with multiple water inlets 6, and multiple water inlets 6 are evenly distributed on 5 bottom of spill box.In conjunction with Fig. 3 institute Show, 6 lower end of water inlet is communicated with water inlet pipe, and more water inlet pipe connections are on a general pipeline I.6 upper end of water inlet is fixed with into water Block 18, circumferentially arranged with several through-holes 19 on block 18 of intaking, through-hole 19 is tilted upward far from one end of water inlet 18 axis of block.
As shown in Figure 1, the lower end of box for feeding odd 1 is feed inlet 4, buffer board is fixed on the side wall of 1 opposite sides of box for feeding odd 2, the free end of buffer board 2 is arranged diagonally downward, and the buffer board 2 on 1 two sides side wall of box for feeding odd is arranged in a crossed manner, table on buffer board 2 Face is fixed with rubber pad, and 2 lower end of buffer board is respectively and fixedly provided with support column 3.
Sorting mechanism includes separatory vessel 7, and the sand inlet 13 that sand supplying aqueous mixtures enter, separatory vessel 7 are equipped on the right side of separatory vessel 7 Left side is equipped with the sand export for discharge of supplying water.It is equipped with multiple partitions 9 in separatory vessel 7 in parallel along its length, partition 9 is detachably connected In separatory vessel 7, specifically, 7 bottom of separatory vessel is equipped with card slot, 9 lower end of partition is connected in card slot, 7 front and rear sides of separatory vessel Side wall is respectively and fixedly provided with fixture block (not shown), is equipped with vertical through slot in the middle part of fixture block, the front and rear ends of partition 9 are connected to In through slot.
The height of partition 9 is below the Sidewall Height of separatory vessel 7.Separatory vessel 7 is divided into multiple sorting chambers by multiple partitions 9 8, in a rectangular parallelepiped shape, the bottom center of sorting chamber 8 is equipped with sand removing hole 10 able to turn on or off to sorting chamber 8, specifically, separatory vessel 7 Basal sliding is connected with the bottom plate that can block sand removing hole 10, and the bottom of sorting chamber 8 is equipped with the diversion division in back taper.
Bottom on separatory vessel 7 positioned at each sorting chamber 8 is equipped with water supply mechanism, water supply mechanism include more vertically upward Water supplying pipe 11, the caliber of all water supplying pipes 11 is consistent.Water supplying pipe 11 is through diversion division and extends in sorting chamber 8, more confessions Water pipe 11 is that the center of circle is circumferentially uniformly distributed along diversion division, and the upper end of more water supplying pipes 11 is concordant with sand removing hole 10.In each sorting chamber 8 More 11 lower ends of water supplying pipe be connected on a general pipeline II 14, general pipeline II 14 is communicated with water pump, and general pipeline II 14 is far from water pump One end sets Packed end cap 15.
11 upper end of water supplying pipe is communicated with jetting member, and in the present embodiment, as shown in connection with fig. 2, jetting member is to be fixed on water supply The water dish 12 of 11 upper end of pipe, 12 size uniformity of water dish cause.In the arc to raise upward, i.e. water dish 12 at the top of water dish 12 Upper end is similar to hemispherical.The water cavity 16 being connected to water supplying pipe 11 is equipped in water dish 12, the side wall of water dish 12 is circumferentially set There are several hole for water sprayings 17 being connected to water cavity 16, hole for water spraying 17 is tilted upward far from one end of 12 axis of water dish, and multiple sprays The tilt angle in water hole 17 is consistent.
Supersonic generator is installed on separatory vessel 7, in the present embodiment supersonic generator model select Ke Meida/ KMD-28, (how to install and can refer to existing supersonic wave cleaning machine, do not repeated them here in the present embodiment), specifically, ultrasonic wave is sent out The number of raw device is consistent with the number of sorting chamber 8, i.e., corresponded on separatory vessel 7 each sorting chamber 8 side wall correspondence be equipped with it is super The frequency of sonic generator (not shown), supersonic generator is 28khz-42khz, and along the flowing side of sand aqueous mixtures To the frequency of supersonic generator is successively decreased step by step.
Specific implementation process is as follows:
Before sorting, water is passed through into sorting chamber 8 by water supply mechanism, water is passed through into spill box 5 by water inlet 6, Dry quartz sand is put into box for feeding odd 1, blocking when quartz sand is fallen downwards in box for feeding odd 1 by buffer board 2, quartz The movement potential energy of sand is largely absorbed by buffer board 2, is entered it in spill box 5 with lower speed, is avoided so that overflow Water body in case 5 is largely splashed away by the impact of quartz sand.Water, overflow are continually fed into spill box 5 by water inlet 6 When the water surface in case 5 is concordant with sand inlet 13, the water in spill box 5 drives quartz sand to enter separatory vessel 7 by sand inlet 13 Interior, since water inlet 6 continues the water flowing into spill box 5, and water inlet 6 is arranged in 5 bottom of spill box, and water flow is oriented to quartz sand On effect, avoid quartz sand from sinking to the bottom in spill box 5.The water of spill box 5 persistently drives quartz sand to enter in sorting chamber, enters Sand aqueous mixtures in sorting chamber have the power of horizontal direction.
When sand aqueous mixtures enter in first sorting chamber 8 from sand inlet 13, by the flow action in sorting chamber 8 It scatter, while water supply mechanism persistently supplies water, there is upward component by the water flow that hole for water spraying 17 sprays, quartz sand can be reduced The sinking speed in sorting chamber 8 of particle.Hydraulic action (the vertical direction that the maximum sand grains of granularity overcomes hole for water spraying 17 upward Active force) be deposited to the bottom of first sorting chamber 8, the sand grains of remaining granularity with the sand aqueous mixtures initially entered water Stream effect (active force of horizontal direction) climbs over partition 9 and enters in second sorting chamber 8.Since sand grains is with the water flow of horizontal direction When active force climbs over partition 9, by the blocking of partition 9, during continuous overturning is obstructed, the flow velocity of water flow constantly drops water flow It is low, so that the rate of settling of sand grains constantly increases, therefore in subsequent sorting chamber 8, the waterpower of vertical direction can be overcome to make Quartz sand particle granularity is gradually reduced, so that the grit size left in each sorting chamber 8 is different, completes sorting.
In assorting room, bottom plate can stop sand removing hole 10, the sliding floor again after the completion of sorting, by each sorting chamber 8 Interior sand grains and water discharge, in this way setting need continuous parking in the sorting of a large amount of sand grains, are more troublesome;It can also directly beat Sand removing hole 10 is opened, the sand grains for being deposited to 8 bottom of sorting chamber is expelled directly out along the surface of diversion division, but the water of setting discharge in this way Also more, it is also required to collect water and the water of collection is passed into again in sorting chamber 8 when collecting sand grains to recycle, according to reality The above two mode of situation may be selected, and select the first in the present embodiment.
In the above process, start supersonic generator, the ultrasonic wave that supersonic generator generates is by flow action in stone It is smaller due to the shape of quartz sand particle and irregular so that the mud powder of quartz sand particle surface attachment is fallen on sand particle Gap in mud powder only pass through that flow action is more difficult to be cleaned up, cleaned using ultrasonic wave cooperation hydraulic action so that The cleanliness of quartz sand particle is higher.
Embodiment 2
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that the setting of partition 9 is different, specifically, as shown in connection with fig. 4, partition 9 Including fixed part 22 and sliding part 21, fixed part 22 and sliding part 21 are plate-like, and fixed part 22 is welded in separatory vessel 7, sliding Dynamic portion 21 slides vertically the right side for being connected to fixed part 22, specifically, it is equipped with sliding slot on the side wall of 7 front and rear sides of separatory vessel, Fixed part 22 is slidably connected in sliding slot, and the actuator for driving sliding part 21 to slide, the present embodiment are equipped at the top of separatory vessel 7 In, actuator selects cylinder (not shown), and the output shaft of cylinder and the upper end of sliding part 21 are fixed.In addition, actuator Screw rod transmission mode can be selected.The present embodiment is compared with embodiment 1, and the height of partition 9 is realized by the sliding of sliding part 21 Adjustment, it is only necessary to which manually starting or close cylinder can be realized, and adjust more convenient.
Embodiment 3
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that the setting of supersonic generator 20 is different, specifically, in conjunction with Fig. 4 institute Show, the number of supersonic generator 20 is 8 several halfs of sorting chamber, and the half sorting chamber 8 close to 13 side of sand inlet Bottom correspondence supersonic generator 20 is installed, the frequency of supersonic generator 20 is 33khz.In implementation process, Supersonic generator 20 intermittently starts, and starting time interval every time is 2-4s, and along the flow direction of sand aqueous mixtures, ultrasonic wave The starting time interval of generator 20 is incremented by step by step.
Compared with Example 1, it is consistent the frequency of supersonic generator 20, reduces ultrasonic wave hair The setting quantity and intermittent start supersonic generator 20 of raw device 20, to a certain extent can be energy saving.And by ultrasonic wave Generator 20 is positioned close on the sorting chamber 8 of 13 side of sand inlet, is due in the sorting chamber 8 of 13 side of sand inlet For quartz sand without over cleaning, the mud powder or fine powder adhered to above is more, when the frequency of ultrasonic wave is fixed, supersonic generator 20 Starting time interval it is smaller, intensive cleans the mud powder on quartz sand, can also obtain preferable cleaning effect.
And intermittent start supersonic generator 20, also have the effect that sand grains persistently by ultrasonic wave and water flow When effect, the resultant force that same particle sizes sand grains is subject in sorting chamber 8 is certain, and is closing supersonic generator 20 suddenly Afterwards, the active force that sand grains is subject to reduces one, breaks the resultant force that sand grains was originally subject to, so that the motion profile before sand grains occurs Certain change, and open supersonic generator 20 suddenly again, so that the motion profile of sand grains restores again, in the process, sand A degree of vibration has occurred in grain, preferable to the cleaning effect of sand grains.
Meanwhile in the present embodiment, supersonic generator 20 is mounted on the bottom of sorting chamber 8.Compared with Example 1, multiple Water supplying pipe 11 is arranged in the bottom wall of sorting chamber 8, is easy to be stuck between adjacent water supplying pipe 11 when sand fallout is to 8 bottom of sorting chamber, It is difficult to be discharged, supersonic generator 20 is arranged in the bottom of sorting chamber 8, then the ultrasound that the water flow in 8 bottom of sorting chamber is subject to Wave effect is most obvious, and the vibration of water flow is most obvious, and sand grains can be avoided to be stuck between adjacent water dish 12 to a certain extent.
Embodiment 4
The difference of the present embodiment and embodiment 1 is that the setting of water supply mechanism is different, specifically, as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, Jetting member is the water dish 12 for being rotatably connected on 11 upper end of water supplying pipe, and the hole for water spraying on same water dish 12 is each along water cavity circumference Same direction be obliquely installed, for water flow while being discharged through water cavity 16 from each hole for water spraying 17, water dish 12 is by the water flow inverse time The thrust in needle (or counterclockwise) direction, to rotate.It is equipped with sand cleaning hole in 12 bottom of water dish, for point for reducing sand cleaning hole It flows, sand cleaning hole is provided only with one in the present embodiment, and sand removal pipe 23 is bonded at sand cleaning hole, and sand removal pipe 23 is rubber in the present embodiment Sebific duct, the outlet of sand removal pipe 23 is towards the root of water supplying pipe 11.
Since the bottom of each sorting chamber 8 is disposed as carrying out sand grains the taper of water conservancy diversion, sand grains can be along sorting chamber 8 Flows be discharged from sand removing hole 10, during this, part sand grains can be deposited in the root of water supplying pipe 11, so that this part Sand grains can not be discharged, therefore sand cleaning hole is arranged in the bottom of water cavity 16, and distinguishing water in the middle part of water cavity 16 can be discharged from sand cleaning hole, thus The sand grains at this is washed away in the root for acting on water supplying pipe 11.It in this way can be straight from the clear water that sand cleaning hole is discharged through sand removal pipe 23 The root for being washed into water supplying pipe 11 is connect, the sand grains for being deposited in 11 root of water supplying pipe is washed away, while sand removal pipe 23 is with water dish 12 revolve, while rotating around water supplying pipe 11, so that the water body of 12 lower section of water dish generates the water flow of spiral, into one Step slows down the rate of settling of sand grains, and the small particle sand grains for making to fall here floats with water flow, improves sand grains after sorting Size distribution.
What has been described above is only an embodiment of the present invention, and the common sense such as well known specific structure and characteristic are not made herein in scheme Excessive description.It, without departing from the structure of the invention, can be with it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art Several modifications and improvements are made, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, these all will not influence what the present invention was implemented Effect and patent practicability.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of quartz sand waterpower sorts cleaning device, it is characterised in that: including sorting mechanism and feeding mechanism, feeding mechanism packet Spill box and the box for feeding odd above spill box are included, the upper and lower end of box for feeding odd and the upper end opening of spill box are arranged, Spill box is equipped with water inlet;
Sorting mechanism includes separatory vessel, and the side wall of separatory vessel is equipped with the sand inlet being connected to spill box, and the height of sand inlet is high The bottom of spill box out;Row's sorting chamber is equipped in separatory vessel side by side, adjacent sorting chamber is separated by partition, multiple sorting chambers Orientation it is parallel with the feedstock direction of sand inlet, separatory vessel is equipped with multiple water supply for supplying water respectively into each sorting chamber Mechanism, water supply mechanism include several hole for water sprayings, and the opening of hole for water spraying is towards upper;Ultrasonic wave is installed at least one sorting chamber Generator.
2. a kind of quartz sand waterpower according to claim 1 sorts cleaning device, it is characterised in that: the water inlet is equipped with It is multiple and be evenly distributed on spill box bottom.
3. a kind of quartz sand waterpower according to claim 1 sorts cleaning device, it is characterised in that: the box for feeding odd is opposite Buffer board is fixed on the side wall of two sides, the free end of buffer board is arranged diagonally downward.
4. a kind of quartz sand waterpower according to claim 3 sorts cleaning device, it is characterised in that: the box for feeding odd two sides Buffer board on side wall is staggered, and the projected area of buffer board vertical direction be greater than box for feeding odd inner cavity area two/ One.
5. a kind of quartz sand waterpower according to claim 1 sorts cleaning device, it is characterised in that: the water supply mechanism is set It sets in separatory vessel bottom, water supply mechanism includes more water supplying pipes being connected in each sorting chamber bottom, and water supplying pipe upper end is communicated with Jetting member, hole for water spraying are arranged on jetting member, and water supplying pipe is vertically upward.
6. a kind of quartz sand waterpower according to claim 5 sorts cleaning device, it is characterised in that: the jetting member is solid It is scheduled on the water dish of water supplying pipe upper end, hole for water spraying is equipped with multiple and water dish and is evenly distributed, and hole for water spraying is far from water spray disk axis One end tilt upward.
7. a kind of quartz sand waterpower according to claim 5 sorts cleaning device, it is characterised in that: the ultrasonic wave occurs Device is arranged close to the sorting chamber bottom of sand inlet side.
8. a kind of quartz sand waterpower according to claim 6 sorts cleaning device, it is characterised in that: in each sorting chamber The upper end of more water supplying pipes is concordant, and water dish size is consistent, and the caliber of more water supplying pipes in each sorting chamber is consistent.
9. a kind of quartz sand waterpower according to claim 1 sorts cleaning device, it is characterised in that: the partition includes solid The fixed part that is scheduled in separatory vessel and the sliding part being connected in separatory vessel is slid vertically, is equipped in separatory vessel for driving cunning The actuator of dynamic portion's sliding.
10. a kind of quartz sand waterpower according to claim 1 sorts cleaning device, it is characterised in that: the partition is removable It unloads and is connected in separatory vessel.
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